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The Progress. [volume] (White Earth, Minn.) 1886-1889, December 15, 1888, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016853/1888-12-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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Publlthod In the Interest of the White Earth
Reservation and the Northwest generally.
An Exponent of a Higher Civilization a
Fearless and Zealous Advocate whenever
Right and Justice may need a Friend, and
to Fraud and Oppression a 8ieepless Foe.
Correspondence bearing on the In
Usu questionproblem, or on genera]
jjgpgJUa solicited,
-tti?, 92.00 A Year, I Advance.
UI kinds of Job Printing, such as
Bill Heads, Letter Heads,
Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited
&a-"anted and Satisfaction
,_* '"^,'i^U-
How Tney'Are Mauufao'turell by
$*.*&- Hand and Machine.
"A brush like this," said she, her words
keeping time with her hands as they
flashed back and forth, "has four hundred
and thirteen holes, and I can draw them in
an hour,_ I caft._t^jMUfche. feejing,almost,
to a single bristle whether I have picked up
the right quantity. This drawing is the
French way. You see I double the bristle
so that the heavy end is saved, the top, or
light end, being cut off. The American
way is to put the bristles in any way, with
out regard to which is the top or the butt.
Then, when they are trimmed, there are
two cut ends ahd so much more danger of
splitting. They would not allow that in a
French shop."
All the bristles for good brushes were
said to be imported. Those for clothes,
hair, horse and other brushes come from
Russia, and fine white bristles for shaving
and varnish brushes from France. Amer
ican bristles are too short and soft to be of
any use except for cheap brushes, and it is
customary to mix split whalebone with
them. Russian bristles cost 1.95 to $3.90
per pound, and $1,000 worth of the best
can be packed in a common flour barrel.
The American hog is not the right kind to
get a good brush bristle from. He is killed
too young for one thing, it was asserted.
In Russia the ho#s are allowed to grow old
and big, and their longest bristles will meas
ure 8 inches. The difference in wages paid
brush-makers in France and America was
brought up.
"The best work," said the Market street
manufacturer, "is the tooth-brush. We
don't make them and they are not made in
America, because it don't pay. In France
girls draw them at 7 cents for 1,000 holes,
and 6,000 or 7,000 draws is a good day's
work. I pay 85 cents per 1,000 draws for
horse brushes, and have had girls earn 19
a week. Girls are peculiar, though. I had
one girl lately who had no trouble in earn
ing S9 a week, but ali of a sudden she
dropped to 82. When I asked her what the
trouble was she turned up her nose and
said she didn't have to work any more, she
was going to get married.'"
In making tooth-brushes the bristles are
wired the same as in a horse brush, except
the wire is very fine and the holes are not
bored through. They go nearly through,
leaving a thin-shell at the back.
After the holes are bored they are con
nected by a sawed line that stops just short
of the end, thi3 line allowing space to do
the drawing and keep the wire hidden. The
interstices are then filled With cement. The
Virtues of a good tooth-brush can be pre
served for along period by observing care
in shaking tha water out after using and
Btanding up so as to dry as quickly as pos
sible. By allowing the bristles to remain
wet they swell and spread the space made
in sawing until a section will split off, as
Well as lose their life and strength. Acer
tain class of brushes are made without
being sawed.
through these
thesoer are examined it will
be seen thati holes'have been bored in the
bristle end of the handle, andnicely plugged
holes, and it is claimed that this effects the
same result as is secured through the sawed
In 1870 a machine was patented formak
tag brushes. It folds the bristles and forces
them into the hole by a twisting motion at
_-'~v the rate of a hole a second. The bristles
'J I~:V
'are fed from a metallic comb. The bristles
1_eParate a
doubled by a plunger
V.. tl A to^nas a rotary motion and literally screws
^T,"i the bristles into the brush. Bomeof the
,(v-^'- -JJS'H machines work in a string to hold the bris
ties, but if this breaks it can hot be re
The objection made to the machine
that the bristles have a weakness
ling out, a whole tuft at a time. This
Where Good Itvistles Come PromThe
American, Hoy Mot Up to Growing
TkemBrush-Mutter's WageeThe
_*:1 %'lewB of a Manufacturer.. t. f.j/
Si ft'*'??
"Learning a trado now isn't what It was
when I was a boy," said a prosperous Mar
tet street (St. Louis) brush-maker to a
Globe-Democrat reporter. ."I worked lour
years before I received a cqnt of pay. Now,
i boy bogms and thinks it hard if he can not
set a man's wages at the iir9t, and in a few
months he thinks he knows ali there is. But
about brushes."
Then bo went on to tell- that there were
__?-_ anO.?.hand-made.
r~v,T, "BirttShes fi'onTEastern'iiouses were mostly
machine-made,-but he turned out nothing
but hand-work. Beyond this classification
there were also sample and compound
brushes, The former have but one tuft,
such as those used by painters, and are
made principally of the hair of camels, bad
gers or goats. With this kind ho has noth
ing to do, only making those for which
bristles are required, which are fixed in
the brushes' back by being what is techni
cally called "drawn." The brush-maker's
wife,"an expert in the work, gave a demon
stration of the process.
Tho back of what was to be a horse-brush
when finished was taken. It was full of
small holes. In the bench was a large pin,
around which was wound fine wire of cop
per and tin, made expressly for the pur
pose, this being more tenacious than copper
alone. A loop in the wire was passed
through a hole in the brush back, and a
pinch of bristles put in the loop that was
then drawn back through the hole, doubling
the bristles as it went. The bristles were
not pulled clear through, but there were
enough to fit tightly hi the hole. The
wire was pulled snug by the pur
chase on the pin around which it was
coiled, and, the operation being repeated
with each hole, there was a complete and
unbroken network of wire holding the
bristles in place when all was done. As
each row of bristles was secured, it was
cut to the desired length with a large pair
of bench shears. There only remained, then,
for a second back and handle to be sewed
on, and the brush was ready for boxing.
The woman chatted merrily, as her hands
flew at their task. The bristles were ar
ranged in a box of the right width to let
theru lie across, ali the "butts" being one
way. She held a bunch in her right hand
in addition to grasping the brush-back with
the first two fingers and thumb, and took
the piuch for the loop of wire with the left
hand. Practice had made her perfect, and
her rapidity was wonderful.
on"this earth, meet hereafter in
another world, free from the mudd vestu^
of decay which' clogs'their*r-visfonvy
The Secret of the Success of Topham, the
Phenomenon. 0
Topham lifted a weight of nearly three
thousand pounds by the use of the strength
of his whole body, says the St. Louis Globs
Democrat. He stood with a well-balanced
frame-work heavily loaded, and to be raised
by broad straps, two passing over his
shoulders and two attached to a strong
waistband. The lifting power was obtained
by straightening his lower limbs almost
straight just before lifting, and at the same
time slightly raising his shoulders. The
heavily loaded frame-work was thus raised
an inch or two, a very slight swaying
movement showing the spectators that it
was really free from all contact with the
So powefful was Topham's frame for this
sort of work that he was backed to pull
against two strong dray horse*, his body
being in a horizontal position, and the pull
of the horses being resisted by the pressure
of bis legs against a fixed horizontal bar
close to the ground, so that the action was
precisely the same as that employed in the
lifting experiment.
The secret of the great lifting power of
the legs in such work lies in the fact that
the action has that exceedingly effective
leverage which is employed in the Stanhope
press, familiarly knownin fact, for this
very reason-as "knee leverage." When
the legs are nearly upright the "knees may
be half a foot, perhaps, from the position
they take when the legs are straightened.
When they move through this half foot the
body is not moved, perhaps, more than half
an inch, consequently the power used in
straightening the legs is multiplied into a
twelve-fold greater lifting power. It is be
cause of this powerful knee-straightening
action that lifting exercises are apt to devel
op abnormally the muscles of the lower and
inner end of the front thigh.
Example** or th* Knowledge Produced by
tUe Work of the Last Fifty Yeara.
Euirlnnd may without boasting claim
jiiat she has taken the lead not only in
gaining knowledge of the conditions
which are concerned in the production
of particular diseases, but that she has
also been first in modifying her laws
and in creating a public health admin
istration in response to this teaching.
Dr. Thome took as an illustration oi
the benefits which had been conferred
on the community by these changes
the reduction in the death-rates from
certain special diseases. Fifty years'
experience of small-pox had provided
data by which the extentjjf the useful
ness of vaccination might be better de
fined. The Vaccination acts passed in
Queen Victoria's reign had led to a vast
saving of life, and especially of child
life, and these had especially protected
those who are unable to guard theit
own interests. 'Fever1'
a gratifying episode during tat ttakih
of a toilet, as the bristles are sure to fly i:
all directions, and the easing up of the?
pressure by the escape of onq tuft is uauai*
iy the signal for a wholesale stampede, MWMO
fl&&t Scientists have In vain studied the
^Sf2 'fm boomerang to discover the secret of itn
I'l'i&s The True Man Hidden*f^ -^B
Love sees the virtues that are of the souL?,
hatred only the diseases of the skin. "A%
men have their faults, and stealing wof
Bill's," said a weeping widow over thW
corpse of a desperado, shot-in attempted*
burglary. And grotesque, ludicrous as the
expression may seem, she waa right, She
knew that not in the robber, the law*,
breaker, the outcast, did the real man shine
forth, but in those rarer moods of kindliness/
and generosity when he was the trufrisn(|s
and husband. Perhaps when two.enemies!
who have refused to see any good-m each
first thought of each will be: "Is' this the
beautiful soul that I maligned and hated!"
had been
found to consist of at least two differ
ent diseasestyphtib and enteric'fever
the former largely due to the crowd
ing of people iu houses and of houses
on a site where air and light were shut
out the hitter mainly due to excre
mental pollution. Each required its
special means of prevention and these
had been applied with astonishing re
sults. London had spent fourteen mil
lions of pounds in the improvement of
unhealthy areas, and among the results
might be cited the almost complete dis
appearance of typhus from the metrop
olis. Enteric fever had enormously
diminished, and this had been brought
about through the adoption of methods
which the new knowledge showed td
be necessary. Further investigation
had indicated the different channels
by--which disease could be dissemi
nated Ballard and Michael Taylor had
demonstrated the part that"milk could
play in the diffusion of enteric and
scarlet fever Power and Klein hud
shown how milk-scarlatina had its or
igin, and had proved the urgent need
for human and veterinary medicine to
Work together for the saving of hitman
life Buchanan had taught that phthisis,
the scourge of the British Isles, was
chiefly dependent UDon conditions oi
soil which would be removed. These
are but a few examples of the addi
tions to knowlodge which the work oi
the last fifty years has produced. Not
least in Importance must be reckoned
the development of a system of precise
investigation',, which will confer in the
future even greater benefits than those
experienced ih the past, and to the
perfecting of which the new president
of the Epidemiological Society has con
spicuously contributed. --Lancet,
The Australian llwiinerant rani* to
Solentlll Men
curious flight It is against all laws of
gravitation that an object hurled Into
'space should return to the same spot
trow which it was cast, as it is impos
sible to explain the eeoeutric action of
a curved ball. The boomerang is all
the more marvelous when we consider
that the savages of Australia were first
to use it and to apply the peculiar
properties of its form.
A German scientist found that there
were larger and smaller boomerangs.
The larger ones are slender crescents,
|)Jaiu on the lower sidg, muaded on
top, pom ted at each end and sharpened*
toward the edges. The lower end is
cro^s-grooved to aid in holding it The
careful manner in which the savages
manipulated the weapon, trying its
shape, testing its qualities and scraping
it down, is significant of the importance
the^..attach to its having-exactly the
right curvature. The wood of which the
insU'uiuentis made is an extraordinarily
heafy Australian iron-wood, and the
only tools used in making it are sharp
stones and pieces of glass. Tlie smaller
boomerangs are bent at an angle of
forty-five degrees, but are in other re
spects conformed to the larger ones.
An exhibition of boomerang-throw
ing revealed a degree of strength in
tlip.natives which was in astonishing
contrast with the thinness of their
forma. They took the weapon in their
right hand, with the flat side down
ward and the concave side forward,
and with a run and a shout, threw it
by a short jerk about one hundred
yards up into the air. It flew away in
a straight line, then turned to the
left, and returned in a curved line
back to the thrower, whirling around
constantly and whizzing unpleasantly.
The curve which the weapon de
scribes in its return is not a screw-line
or a spiral, but is more like a figure 8.
The savages seemed able to control
their instrument, even when wind in
terfered to complicate its course. Once
the projectile went astray, and coming
in contact with a gentleman's'hat cut
it-off as cleanly as a razor would haye
done.Popular Science Monthly.
Recovered His Property.
A gentleman crossing Broadway near
^W^l^eiirtlandt street, while getting out of
the way of a heavy truck, dropped
something, and immediately began an
anxious search for it
"Must have lost his watch," said a
passer-by, joining in the search.
Another concluded it was his pocket
book, still another imagined valuable
papers, and finally quite a crowd had
collected, and all were eagerly groping
in the mud.
"Ah, here it is!" said the gentleman,
fetching a sigh of relief as he picked it
up. It was a half-smoked cigar.
"That cigar cost me ten cents," said
the gentleman.
Then the silence became so great
that the roar of the street could be
pliiiuly heard.N. Y. Sun*
"The man who.- invented ths
metal-toed shoes WHS the host friomi
the school boy over had," commented
old Brown. "No, he wasn't, pa," re
plied little Johnny. who had been
whipped that day. "The school boy
Won't have friend until some one in
vents a pair of iiietal-sculcd trousers."
Judge. _" O
A iT ^EXMggEVfiT
611 RElfM I S
blip31 $S Q. jo $58.
This Elegant ParlorOrgan
stylo TO containing ff oc
taves, 4 Bbts of reeds, 10
Slops, 2 kuee swells. fetOol
and Book free. For only
|S3,oo, With right and left
coupler. Warranted for 6
.Uis om-necessar send
references as to your re
sponsibility from anr bank
er, postmaster, merchant or
express agent and the Organ
will be shippedpromptly on
ten nays'tent trial:
1 (jUcuU ive to ali.
Bfl sure to write me, fc&d save money. Solid
walnut cases.
,-m BcBtion Payer where fids "AD
Mail Orders From
Prompt Attention.
Dry Goods,
{0 fte-electd Mayer April 9, 1888, by a larg
Washington,:WarrenCounty rife* Joneft
AGENTScan kK 10W, EmbowieJ
don clasp, holdiffi
make 80.00 pr
a profit Mlllng our
ALBUMS. Wo beat the
-va__ ^J. World for low pride*, A
padded Hides, Bold,ttdtftia,exteu
pftfires of Cabinet and Cam
i 81.00, retailg for SMg bound alsc pictures, sent for i,w irewui bound also
in Japanese Morocco, nitwtmtwi olrculkri FBKE
9f the above and CTSTKB
Tir.iM 0
Vnrahee A McMliin,
JlnlwnftU Ohio.
double their money
aelUntf oW'B^TS
Finished Corrugated
Carf be sold in every faniitr. 6iree
more light than three ordinary lamps.
Full sized Lamp sent by Express for
thirty cents. We nUo have the beat
flelling !oflH lot in the V. 8.
Send for illustrated circulars to
Boots & Shoes,
m. UpRffiCKJ CO.
Everything First-Class, and at Astonishingly Low Pricea.
Car-oads of New Goods Arriving Every Day.
Tinware,% ockery,
25m2 Mail'^Orders will', Receive Prompt Attention. S4f
the Country Will .Receive
1 1 i i I
Ccme Early:
v. ^M^-ii^ti

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