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UP' & re s p. I "L JEST A New Lot of Cloajp, for Ladies and Children's wear,-Fall and Winter Millinery, Hosiery, Yarns and Fancy Goods just re ceived at Mrs. E. Irvine, Detroit City. Mail orders will receive prompt attention. \Detroit City Pharmacy, X. *M. COMKACKER, PROPRIETOR, Washington Ave., Detroit, Minn. Drugs and Patent Medicines kept Constantly on hand. Also a fine Line of Toilet Articles. Physician's Prescription Oompounded. All Mail Orders will receive our Prompt Attention, CITY MEAT MARKET, "W. C. KOBERTS, PaopiiiETon Detroit City, Minn. Fresh, Salt, Dried and Smoked Meats, Game and Poultry, Butter and Eggs constantly on hand. Cash paid for Hides, Hogs and Country Produce. All Mail or Stage Orders will re ceive Prompt Attention. WHITE EAHTII AND DETROIT Stage and Freight Line, Carries U. S. Mail. Passengers booked for all points along the Line and at reasonable rates. BURT FRENZIL, Prop. R. FAIRBANKS, Dealer in QROCERIES PROVISION WHITE EARTH AGEKCY, Minn. Sewing Machine Agency.We have been appointed sole agent of the Light-Rmiing New Home Sew ing Machine for White Earth and vicinity. We are now pre pared to furnish you a first-class Machine, warranted perfect in all its parts and asfcheap as caBh can buy... Come and see us. JHE^lrlGH'PRUWNINGv:--' THE LADIES* FAVORITE. NEVER, OtXT OF ORDER. If you desiretopurchase a sewing tamehtae, sk ouragrenB at your place tot terras and rlee*. If you e¬findour agent, WHts ^sfcojrottbeiowiiamed. ask our age prlee* If direct 0neajrefltatii NEWHWESMG W OK GL0BHXIM& OMIOMO JJ umoN squARe,n.i:- BT LOJU.MO. imp SAS, ^Jj^[ji||pimmMBefiaJ THEO. H. BEAULIEU, Agent. THE PROGRESS. &-* $ THEO. H. Bf/LULIEU. t*$* White Earth, December 15, 1888. y Published Every Saturday*, Subscription 2,00 per year, In Advance. Entered In the Post Office at White JSai'th Second CUVBH Matter, Local and Personal. Duncan McDougall, Richwood's genial landlord, made us a flying visit on Thursday. Two or three unsavory scrapes were features in the agency police court the past week. R. G. Beanlieu was suddenly summoned, on urgent business matters, to St. Paul on Thursday. The "Reading Club" was had. somely entertained at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Uran on Wednesday evening. Henry H. Beanlieu, an enter prising Kaukauna, (Wis.) boy, is building up a creditible mechanic al reputation in the Clearwater lumbering regions. Paul Fairbanks, the bright nine year old son of Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Fairbanks, died suddenly on Tues day evening. Our heartfelt sympa thies are with the bereaved pa rents. During the week we visited the well-kept and orderly Mission school, conducted by the Bene, dictan Sisters. Next week we will publish the result of. our pleasant visit there. ,.v.. G. A. Fairbanks is about to ex tend his growing trade to the Red Lake reservation. Wm. R. Spears, an experienced and efficient trader will conduct the affairs of the new departure at that post. Have you given a thought to the coming joyous event of Christmas and Santa Claus? Remember the little folks at home and let not the cares of worldly strife restrain you from the human duty of remem bering the poor around you. Monsieur Belland, from the Western line, was in town this woek. He says that things in gen eral look bine for the coming win ter, many of the people having already consnmed the" produce raised off from their farms the past season. Francis Soulliard, one of the early Canadian voyageurs who was in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1830 and of Paul H. Beaulieu in 1835, in. the region of Lake Superior and Northern Minnesota, died suddenly on the 6th inst., aged 82 years. We are requested to announce that there will be a gathering of the lunatically inclined individu als, of both sexesa "crazy par ty"given under the auspices of the W. E. reading club, at the res idence of W. T. Hollan on Wed nesday evening, Dec* 19th. A cordial invitation is extended to all who Can act agreeably crazy. George Berry, a bright intelli gent mixed-blood of this reserva tion, an' experienced black-smith and an expert horse shoer and machinist, is back from the lum ber woods. By special laws of Congress Mr. Berry, as Well as other professional Indians, are entitled, on this reservation, to 'preference'' of employment. And why are not the Laws, in this res pect, regarded One evening last week wniie Gus. Chapifl was driving Mr. R. Fairbanks team home and when about 11-2 miles from the village, he was attacked by an unknown who endeaVered to run off the horses and Wagon. After a severe tnfisel "Gus" got the best of the tramp who skulked off in he darkness. A strict look-out should be kept up by our people nd give horse-thieves a Warm reception if caught prowling here aboutsn The Indian Right and Wrong. nar^'Wie hold these tnithnta be wlfv^vitWr thatAJII.MKNtwo ereated equal} that thv ureenuowed by their nreftfor with mnm unalieuablo rights? thtu tuning these! uS WNI8H8."Dodmuuion of Indepeuttemte, jlv 4th,i??0, OF DEAD AND FALLEN TIMBER. We are informed that no details havo been presented to the agent by correspondence, as was prom ised by the telegram ordering the cessation of lumbering operations. As the matter now stands, we are unable to give our readers the le gal points upon which the decision of Att'y Gen'l Garland is. based. We propose however to review An Opinion Given by Sicc'y Toiler some years Bince in reference to the character of the case in ques tion. :_ It seems that an application was made by agent Cressey of the Siss eton agency for permission ,4o al low the Indians under his charge "to cut down and fallen timber, and to sell the same." In a letter to Commissioner Hiram Price, in reference to 'this application, da ted May the 19th, 1882, the Sec'y reviews the application and cites certain points of law which might be construed to bar the action asked for but in summing, reach es the conclusion that The Action Would Be Legal and -authorizes the Commiss ioner to instruct all Indian agents upon reservations where there is that class of timber (dead and fall en) that such may be converted, and sold. The language is clear and significant:" "You will therefore instruct the agents of the various agencies where timber is found growing, that no Hue trees are to be cut ex cept for use on the reservation ex cept on individual allotments but that DEAD A1TO FALLEN" TIMBER MAY BE OUT, and if not needed for the use of the Indians on the reserva tion, MAY BE SOLD." It is. presumably, under this au thority that all logging operations on this and other reservations have been carried on. And now according to the opinion of Att'y Gen'l Garland are, and have been, tresspasses, and following this opinion the Indian office has. or dered cessation of operations. We cannot appeal from this opinion on, purely utilitarian grounds for the sole reason that utilitarianism is not recognized as the law of the land, Had no de cision issued we might do so and ask the Hon. Commissioner to look upon the case under the sim plest light, and to permit no ob stacle to intervene. We should simply say:Here are quantities of dead and fallen trees, fast losing value for want of preservative la bor they are going to waste and n'eglect,and not utilize this species of value is a tronsgression of po litical economy. '3 .Indeed the Government that would neglect property, and by in action permit waste, would be worthy of censure. But \j $$& We Aire Handicapped, fat here appears the ltiw and for bids the carrying out of the nat ural desire of salvage. So it comes that through "the technicalities of law, hundreds of individuals on this zeservation Will SufffAv Privation and Wan t, let alone the criminal Waste of turn* ber that might be utilized IU&4S86 We here would ask, Can there not be some construction of the law which would, at leaBt, remove this agency from the restrictions Much as it seems to us hinges upon the status of our realty hold ing, it is held by the government, though invariably denied by the Indian, that the fee to reservations -IS"- ia in the government. This seems to be bused upon the old theory of possession by nations under the law of conquest and discovery. It is held (logically enough if this theory be true), that the Indian's title is simply that of oeoupaney, and should it be so desired, at any time, the Government may acquire actual possession by the removal of the Indian peaceably or other* wise. I'^vv tj^:i.\: SERVED TO INDIANS FOE THEIB HOME it is a "'']':Vt^t^f RBMXTANT We maintain that it is not a reservation proper, and conse quently that all departmental rul ings and court decisions as to res ervations have no bearing here whatever. Consequently the ap plication by Att'j Gen'l Garland of the law governing the cutting of timber upon reservations is er roneous and should have no weight. The government can exercise authority here only under the Relation of Guardian and ward and should restrict timber cutting only as A MATTER OF PRUDENCE. And prudence, it ought to be plain, should IMPEL THE PUSHING OP EFa FORTS to sa\e to the community the large quantities of fallen and dead trees now going to waste. Shows and Demoralization. The practice which has. of late years become so common, that of leaving the reservation and trav elling with shows, deserves the at tention of the authorities. 'It is true that'there is quasi official sanction in this matter, and by which we mean that the Indian office has never taken stops to pro hibit this custom, but for all that it is time that some notice should be taken of this.y' demoralizing practice.^-JI-- w- We write this article feeling that we may meet the censure of those of our people who in the past have availed themselves of the opportunities presented for earning an*easy livlihood.rtj JtSTi* I We will make no attempt here to controvert this theory. But admitting this to be so, we believe that even under this theory, there are titles and titles. v. What In A Retiervatlon It is a certain tract of land HE- of a broad er and larger possession once held. Under the old theory the fee is in the government, and the rignt of the Indian is simply that of occu pancy. But what is the case where the government extinguishes en tirely the right of the Indian to certain tracts making no reserva tion whatsoever and assigns to them as homes A Tract Oeoffrophtoally Remote I Why, it changes the character of the holding entirely, the new home of the Indian is not properly & res ervation. The new tract of land becomes the property of the Indi an under a grant AS ABSOLUTE AS THOUGH CONVEYED TO HIM BY WAE- itANTEE DEED. The government cannot lay claim to the fee, for the P08SESS0KY EIGHT OF THE IN."successor" DIAN HAS BECOME ABSOLUTE It is his as truly as is that of the ordi nary settler who has settled upon a tract' and perfected his title And this rule we hold applies to what is loosely called the White Earth reservation. There are many reasons why the practice should be discountenanced or for bidden. The Wandering life of the circus or show attache, be they white, red or black, is sure to re sult in unsettled habits and moral degradation. The temptations which surround such a life easily lead to habits which unfit for *+iiMr5i'S 5\ mithmmmim'^mmmm'immmm-fmmt steady occupation and sober life. It is a life that, in a measure, spares muscle and brain, tends to stimulates the animal passions and so has its attractions for the indo lent. It is precisely indolence, in temperance, moral depravity and the roving spirit which threaten the progression of 4he red race, and inasmuch that the govern ment profiles to remove all ob stacles to civilisation, it ought to exercise its authority, and, at least, restrict the practice of leav ing the reservation for show pur poses. Many who have been away from here have returned no better off for this occupation. vFarms and honest labor have been neg lected and in niany instances, of the wages received, not one dollar in a hundred have reached the families. We hope that our people will look fairly at this matter and of their own accord abandon the practice, and failing in this, we hope that the government will look more closely into it and, if necessary, peremptorily put a stop to it. Same Old Way. This is the caption of a special telegram to the Pioneer Press, and refers to the attitude of the De partment toward agent Gregory of the La Point agency. The correspondent infers that it is high time that the promised should be immediate ly appointed and a different order of things instituted. We must admit with the Pioneer Press that damaging facts arose from the Chandler investigation sufficient, in our opinion, to war rant the lM*mlKMal of the Agent and a renovation of La Point agen cy affairs. Of Messrs Atkins and Upshaw nothing else could have been ex pected, for it was in line with their aggressive policy of disre garding the wishes of the Indians and the honest demands of the country. Mr. Oberly being newly in office the fact may stand as some excuse for the unchanged condition of affairs. The Hon. Commissioner has* as yet, made no startling movements regarding the affairs of his prede cessor, such as he may well do, but we are willing to believe that desire to avoid hastiness lieB at the bottom of this seeming dilato- riness.^:: He will see however that the best interest of the Indian and the country will be subserved by urging upon the Hon. Sec*y and the President immediate accept ance of agent Gregory's resigna tion and the appointment of his successor. The Chandler commit tee willBurely continue the inves tigation and dismissal must follow under the newXadministration. The pitiful period of a few mouths in office ought not to warrant the $'} Continuance of a Wrong. Let the Commissioner act and thus count among his last officiaH^c,ts a,jrighteous action. "X). [%t j-"t'-J W have been informed that an effort was made by certain ones to procure a warrant for our arrest for publishing the facts and cir cumstances in the Lizzie Seal flog ging case, how true this may be we don't know and we care less, but we do know, and we will here assert, that had a child of some families we know of here in White Earth been subjected to the pound ing and flagellation which poor, weak, demented Lizzie Seal suf fered, the inhuman scourger would have been called to account ere this, that is, if there is any justice in the Judiciary of the land, and we think there is. MMMMMMMMMMMM! A Murderous IfutraififXJt. On the uidnrmf* of &e^3th, Felix Blue, who was a Witness in the case of the U. S. vs. Bernard Stitg, and who was returning from St. Paul on his way home, was brutally assaulted by %ve men, kd by Henry Lambert, a stepson of Stite, who hoarded the train as it slowed up at Rice's station, near Detroit^ Without a moment's warning the five men pounced up on their victim and dragged him out of his seat and on to the floor ^Ri of the ear and commenced to kick *-*#$ and beat him in the most brutal p8| manner. And had it not been for the timely enterenee of the con ductor it is probable that they would have killed the victim. As it was he arrived here more dead than alive. ^.--^.*^.#o, LIZZIE SEAL, w*--*y '^The above liirVumslnnces were'^^fSJlll^ related to us by a gentleman who ^AA^ accompanied Blue from Detroit to White Earth. the unfortunate girl who was the subject of the severe chastisement at the Government boarding school upwards of a month ago, and whose piteous sto ry and inhuman treatment justly aroused the indignation of the public press, is yet in a suffering condition. Her arm is yet very much swollen and painful and be ing unable to raise it or move the fingers of the hand. She also complains of severe pains in her back, and spine whenever she at tempts to move or get up. This ease certainly deserves tht? ira tion of the Department. Vw-1:.- not believe that the U. S. ver ment will heedlessly stuiK allow the school chil*1^ wards to be Hayed, 8oour&yd and maimed by unfeeling niii-th i-ts without mnking some attempt' at remonstrance or calling some one severely to account for such inhu man actions. BHj5Kp&Hj|tj*SoUforSfilO.n E&HMWK, untilwoilB|'.tlaiclvWfttch 8i Solid feiJ IjMlsSSSSk l&C&SaasSilt I*6" $* watch I the J**fte timekeeper. BrOSKgMfJf ^a. ranted. Heavy Soliu Oold "AHuuihig Ca* liutli ladin' Hand geuu' !.,with Work* and ciues of equal value. O te Person in each lo caltiy can iccnre one free, toftether with oar large And ral tuble lino of Household SAUpIes. These .ample., at well a* the watch, we tend Free, and afler yon hare kejit Intm la year noma for 9 montba and ahown them to thoaa Who may have called, they become your own property. Tho.a Who write at once can be tore of receirinjr the W'Ateh and Samples. Wepay all ezpreu, fteight,etc AddreM tlaaon dc Co., Box 912, Portland, Maine. SOS Sewing-Machine"! LTo at once os a 11 It trade in all pan. by placing our tuarhinvij .and goods where (he people can sea them, we will send s"iee to one 'person iu each locality,the Tery best Sfwing-mwchlnc made world, with all the attachments. Wo will also ud free a complete .line of our costly and reluable art [samples. Iu return wc ask that yo "shotr what u-o send, to those who may call at your home, and after 3 .months all shall become your own (property. This grand machine is made after the Singer patents, which have run out: before patents run out it sold fi.rSO:*. with the [attachments, and now sella for tjUSO. Bext.srronjrest, most use ful tnarhinc in tb world. AU Ko capital lequired. Plain. brief Instruction, given. Those who write to us at once can se cure free the best sewing-machine in the world, and the finest line of works of high art erer shown toevthrr in America. VBV fe CO., Bo 74, August**. Maine* CHICAGO W ICOTTACE Has attained a stbodard of escelleccc xrhxtSk admits of uoeuperlov. It contninB every improvement thai inventive geniue, skill and money can produce. ThesefexoalleEoOrg*8 bro celebrated for vt ume. qnality of tone, QUitslc response, variety of combination,artistic dsaigti, beautyinfiniBb,per fectconstruction, naaking them the tecst attract* ivft, ornamental and deKirnblo organsfor home^ fthoOla,obnTobes, lodgtw, Soctctica, eta STABUSSII liEPCTATIOX, OOMBIN^UABX THX3 THI POPULAR OROJLa 0tald3e8aaaPrloeLiBtB,cr-'ppKcayoa,yii CHICA60 C0HA6E mm GO, 831 BLUE ISLAND AVE., vS CHICAGO, ILL^ $^%%i*x}k'kMe, Bh us I *.~S 3-*H w* EVERY =*Si&& OBOAN :y^:, TXT j.TLt* *^*-~^&^*&&ZTtgdtlV5: *#S*i" *s InitMlfttion Bwks and ?las" C'acls. 'i^M^-^'h i jf" ^S3'