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Southern marksman. [volume] (Clinton, Miss.) 1838-1839, December 04, 1838, Image 1

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I
C. P. MiNIEL
G. 17 GERE,
" Publisher and PuorRirroiu
. TERMS.
The SocTniBH Markguax, will be public"
cd every Tuesday at five dolbri in advance
or rix dollars at the end of the year. Adver
tisements will be inserted at the usual rates.
No subscription enn be received for less th:iu
ix monlh, nor will any discontinuance be
made until nil dues aro paid.
. All communications to the editor, po!''"-'e
imwt be paid nnd the name of (he writer 'v'1'
to insure publication.
From the Vicksburg Sentinel & Expositor
'- The Ckisis, the Causes jixn thk
Meaks' op arresting thr Emiiarhv
MENT3 OF THE CoUNTKY. It is 11 OA' 'iine
!,.. t r m:m;:; i ,,.,!,! in- i.
T . Vu1 i .' Tl i . i,awa ol Connecticut within our borders
quire into the condition ol the State, j . There is another light, a which we desire
cause, of her embarrassments and the 1 10 t this eubj 6 readers and
domofthe means adopted for her re! to Wh we at,en'ion ofour
lSation. are like mdividuals; they ibanks,as well as t!,e membcraof tTcLeais
e.ther gam ble, or speculate themselves cut h "
of debt ; or they must pay then decs by the and , rade of the ncy
.low and certain process of acu une , i?sue of gtate L d . m "in t
commerce, or he arts. Mississippi nsw . wcgt during the last i2 month, i ?a r 'c
Us a nation little or no debt until the pre- ion of ftcscbonda have been L ohV
, nt year; but a lew years ago a -out ore jeJ 8t lJje Nmh j there as Bank
Jtviclftk part of her citizens abandoned all L ap!,al ender the New York Binkin law
meful ptofesrions and undertook to ke wilh n 5j,ecio basis of only 12 1-2 cr ce, V
fortunes rapidly by gamolmg But instil Tlicw l)oml3 it wih ,,R Jcn f f r 1 ;
capital both b e and ' in
T r" - f" r , 'ST , . uein-f
out, the faith of the Stale has boennlcJcd
o .Pin ;m: r.i . 5... !
-vr nit uiiivuui ii iiitiiius tj tltiil J.! 1?( I-'
stave olVtheir debts with the hope, not tint
their property should rise in price, for that
would be absurd, nor with the hojie tLr.t
they will be able to make the money hy
their honest industry, for thnt would be
equally absurd; since the very increase cf
capital reduces the value of their labor in
rroporion .is it increases their expenses.
Brt the State has borrowed the money for ;
the promotion of the interests cf the w hole i
... r ' 1 T T 1 1 . I
,u. .v . m ., union wnK unccr- ali and f:nnll, ,eaJ t0 another disous
take3toler1dittothespecu!ator:n-ndert:c.,.v,a1)i,)n? Tnrr-i-mt c.-i .
delusion that the last stake will brin- bad I ti'lt J n.Pn ,Ci;,ain,t?'
to them all that had been lost, f noni J ' Jt ?i Lm J ,to
,i - !'n,...u. ii ijjiiks wiii issue wit hout a snli'l
mon with many other States a few of our! 7-,-;, uu' A1-J
citizens suffer severely from overtrading TtZ f ' " J'f ccrtai
And speculation. ThlJevil has hud paraf! .C o x UaT?fS WC
lei since-the great mania of ISIS, '19 and V'U" $JUe rcel,
'20; and both were theehftcts of cnormoiis;, .,,,: 0p - v.,,., t , V,
- r r i fiM- uur MiU" oi udii s. iNotwitiistanninr' the
issues of Bank paper. , J his pr.pf-r p,,rs ; vnMm( amounl ofljoads thal h Qfj
ofcourse as the reprcsc nlat.vo of mcev; ; loen l:(.,()(ia!fl(1 ct (he Xovth. there S
nnfi it i nil ur r'tini uriinio idia o r-i-v ...
inu oniy urucic weproquce lor sale. J lie
produce of Bank paper! is obviously there-
firo rrn r- r nf ti:li r K f nMiin C: - ' .
i , , i , s . ,.'
and indeed the whole producing class in
. ,r. . . , '
every part of the country, must lose. But i
.till Unlove .,,,".;.. .1
for the especial benefit of the speculators.!
u. illW ' 'V 1.UCI.I.-1 Ul tilt I I -
...v...- been hut Iittl
it iincTeasesthepnceoeverytlHngwepnr-s,ians3Cli(JI.g-chase,
without increasing the puce of cot ton ' , r r,r,v.-.-lj(;
I ciplo oJ borrowing money on the credit of'V
the State to pay the debts ( f FpceuIatorc.V
n or even to enable mechanics or pro-esslToH
tpen Jo hecome plante rs and to abandon
the pursuits for which they were educated.
Mississippi hasduring the present year un
dertaken to borrow 15 millions, Tennessee
7 millions Louisiana, Missouri, . Illinois
and Indiana have all thrown the bunds into
market to raise money for bankirg purpo
ses. . Suppose all have created 40 millions
of bonds, and those bonds should be sold
in the great marts of commerce w'lese our
cotton is purchased, will the tfi'-cts not
I obviously be to reduce the price of our s!a-
pie hy diminishing the capital in mde: and
by throwing the capital into the West anc
South-west, will it not increase the price ol
flour, poik, bagging, bale rope, and every
article consume.! by planters? Moit cer
lainly it will, ami experience proves it.
TPell.now what is the consequence; men
who arc out of debt and own land and ne
groes will not be able to raise cotton even
at present prices, because the expc ises of
-their plantations ha c become three times
as great since we commenced banking,
gamblingand speculating on a large scale.
If then, the men who are out of de')t and
own the land and ntgroes, are unable to
make cotton profitably, how will the specu
lators be able to bear all the expenses, and
- at the same time pay the principal and in
terest? The idea is preposterous, and
every attempt to bolster them up will only
plunge thtm and those who were solvent,
r into greater difficulties. The sooner the
accounts of the speculators are squared, the
sooner will the country get outofiisdif
ficulties, but as we have already observed,
- the whole evils will be increased by borrow
ing. tho money to square these accounts.
?Had the State used these funds for the pur
pose of giving facilities to business men
vJio were using their own capital to send
; our staple direct to the European markets
end bring back our supplies, then we would
ba able to levy the interest as well as the
profits of trade otTour neighbors in the sur
rounding states who should come here to
purchase foreign goods, while our people
would obtain their supplies 5 per cent,
cheaper than ai present. Borrowing mo
ney for such a purpose might be 'tolerated,
as it would tend to increase the resources
and the capital of the State. We contend
however, that if the State .undertakes to
.borrow money to pay the debts of a few of
ber citizens, she ought to pay the debts of
all ; and -we are of the opin ion that it wou'd
require 100 millions to pay all the debts of
the'eitizensofthis State, and if the State
were to pledge herself for t'lat amount and
place it in the hands of men to be used for
Banking purposes, at a nominal iuterest cf
6 per cent, while they in reality charged
' 20 per cent., the whole productive industry
of the State would not be sufficient to pay
the interest. The whole .tendency there
fore of this principle is to drive all men of
capital and industry out of the Slate. Men
of means and industry will not remain in a
country that avows the principle of taxing
i the capital and labor of the country for the
exclusive benefit of those who have failed in
1 ' " " """SSJ,-? .-y.n.iiin i mMmmmm m immn. ji l TwiiMMUMIt
Til ''! ' V4 . , i '
WHEN THE
VOL. I.
, ' "rw!ow',' o go deeper in,
. -y ." win.nt.jjp menisci
I rem
turn
do more
and most
iiii;in ivn iri 111 r..i n in t" i .
ii i . . i .
" - " ",uuul ,uu ,,iC "Wue
the North with the I imsv sub slratu-n of IS
I onprr,,n, 'iV, V, 101 13
V' Porctnt spec.e, und the sm-Jl amount
that may he sent from the North to enable
our new Banks to go into operation and
the old ones to resume spccie'piy meats.
If these money manufacturers go vigor
ously to work und issue" to the extent of
the old laws which have not yet been
rescinded though the Banks have violated
their charters what will be the conse
quunce? Will they not reanimate the ge
nius of speculation, flood our countrr with
f0fC;
gu Morics, bring on a new era ofn-am-
. -
! real capita! in the whole
The Banks have managed
us as toe commission mei"
chants and speculators did two years ao-o
jbv Kites. Mr. Biddle or some othel-man
Uuth ucticious credit to he jorth buys the
i, t rm- . ,
ihondsoi Mississippi, he p.iys perhans one
i. .i. : : . - t.-.
i!"'" iu b ;ewc aim iiLit-iuuiiia ill creuu.
v v , , T "? !n
II I J ... ,.
i TV.! . i v . ,
. -a.c anu
13 tinji.i in iuiii i'v u iit-iii; mi ills uatliv
icrlmps in New York, which has for its
f.'M.idativU thocry br-nd whirh we sold
Un , v it'll the addition of 12 12 percent.
u;.t v hit is tlu. ivccise character cf the
credit with which he is to pay our bonds
it Natchez? It will be found to amount to
n.'hing but Mississippi bank piper which
: ix;Ui;ht up last summer with resurrcc- !
iauure, and perhans l,v !,, , ? , , T . , r j . " a -,1,uuieriex anu 'oumocr i uio mosi
of the dieni b t.hat. " land, arc go,s usurpations ef the rifiht of against
to populate Texas xvi.h ,t ' l 'V " , 7 T oec.t-, m,u uge.o, p.os alarming and dangerous 1 much v
substantial portion nfn. " r; ,fu?" as "'e t r,,,,c tractive of the most ines- tuall
o iio:es at a discount ot Horn to i:0 ; iau in uue subservience to then mjjer.
Pr rent. lie has also made-loans to tlies-e j . ,
bVr.ks to enable tliem to take up tlitir' is- ' nr r. . Lr5 1
sfcandcommPHCO paying specie. Then!1" lhe -iItnorif!i ' nf the 'riry Council of
lie can present their notes as payment for! rp, , .w. crsnJ'
, ! tlie Union Bank bonds; and instead of
Ml. I ' t -.. TT-
');iii;iiig on a real specie oasis, the union
Bank wi'l have for its foundation the notes
of oi. r own Banks which our people sacri
ficed last year at a discount of 25 to 30 per
cert. J he whole suoerstructurc is rarsrd
prip.c:pallvonacicdit h is the old Kiting
pysctnieC-ived in a ddTerent shape, and
tunas s a few of our prudent and yvc-il con
:s:? a few of our prudent and well con- !
elne'ed
od baks take warning iu time, tlie
e -.vili be swamped. Our honest legis- i
rs inu-t lok the s ibiect fearlessly in !
wis.,;
laior,
thoC
c
over
labor
tb
Legislaiure to banish, prospectively our
live and ten dollar notes; and then to re
quire all our Banks to have specie in their
vaults to bear a certain proportion to their
liabilities This will effectually prevent
ovei trying, and m ikc our paper at par in
every pait of the Union; while it will also
reduce dl our expenses, by increasing the
value of car currency.
THJCKs OF THE GU CAT PIIAROBANK.
Wfetook occasion, in the Globe of Mon
day liight, to give tbe public a brief oxpla
nation v.f the facts having relation to the
letter of Gen. Towsox, '(Paymaster Gen
errJ.publishcd in the New York Courier
and Eiquirer, tho National Gazette, and
tl.3 National Intelligencer, as conclusive
evidence that the Bank of the United
Mates had achieved a crowning victory
over thc Government. . Similar notices of
this transaction appear tv be going the
rounds cf the Whig papers every where.
That this is 0riiy another instance of the
exercise of the tactics of the Bank's master
and manager precisely similar to numer
ous cases which have occurred since it ha3
entered, jhe field of politics, and which have
met with the unbounded applause of its
satellites an J supporters will be apparent
to any one who will bestow his. attention
upon the ciicumstances.
The Secretary of the Treausury. in com
pliance with the law of the last session, ad
vertised fcr proposals for the purchase of
the bonds or tho Bank. To prevent offers
from alkotLer quarrers, tho organ of the
Bank at Philadelphia published an "article,
obviously written by the great Leader, set
ting forth a string of objections against thc
credit of thce bonds of bis own Bank
there were, Ik said, unsettled accounts be
tween the GJ v-ernment and the Banks and
co and ask theinse ves the country i . Ul "!v l":,s",ls W4,u IJrl!I
an sustain the enormous tax which this I rVtcsl !!l'tabr?r of xoU s fro'n !!1C
arown ciedit system is drawing from its " ."'r "' i"lu Vr :s "!
. Perhans the best vvav to nrevent i 'weniy sixth ingress ol the tinted bUtes
ie evil effects of this vtein is for our ! Y11 llns t5!ate ,lliS oa' mude fur ll,t ful-
y Ji'MMmiN MASKS
PEopLE CEASE TO THINK
CLINTON, MI. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4,1838.
the latter would plead offsets, etc.
As;
pap.irs owned by the Bank, or controlled
by its agents, immediately fell into ecsta
cies at the magnanimity nnd liberality of
the Bank in undertaking to provide for its
honest debts!
It appears that the greater part of the
funds arising from the sale of these bonds
was required to meet the disbursements of
the War Depirtinent at the South and
c;....' . o r .i . . . ,
.mmvcsi. .ooouaucr i lie dralts ot the
Treasurer upon the funds began to be
realized b) the disbursing -officers for the
purpose of expenditure, we understand
that an officer of the Bank was sent to this
ci'y to exhibit to the War Department let
ters from the banks at the South and South
west, where the drafts were payable, rep
resenting that if sK?cie were demanded up
on them, the resumption would be delayed
and tjse publ ic com eniencn jjreat !y obstruct
eH. Strong statements, in apparent good
fiith, were made on these subjects, for the
purpose of procuring orders, to be aiven to
the disbursing officers, not to demand spe
cie upon these drafts on public account.
Every person conversant with the man
agement of tho Executive offices here, du
fin 2
the nst yea:
must bear testimony
that, en alleccaicns, tho most scrupulous
anxiety Ins been,' manifested, by them to
promote the convenience of the public, as
well as the security of the banks,-during
tha embarrassments into which the latter
had been plunged by their lawless expan
sions and contractions. A similar spirit of
accommodation appears to have been shown
on this eiccasion. But no seoner were or
ders issued by the Paymaster General on
the subject than the fact was seized on by
ih ! special organs of $c Bank above men
tioned . and unblushing!' represented as an
unconditional surrender of the people of
the United States, by the Executive, to
the Bank and ofcourse the final accom
plishment of its designs. This triumph
was evidently proclaimed by its order.
That any course should bo taken by these
papers in regard to the transactions of the
Bank, and against its indicated wishes, no
one can? believe for a moment. We happen
to know a fact in relation to the Bank or
gan in this city which shows that it is ab-so'.u-.ely
at ltd disposal. The Bank not
only owns, by deeds recorded, the printing
of ice, presse. type.?, but hebh execu
tions over the Editors for '-essential aid "
.. ! :,.r, t i r . '
(every term of the court, "in purs-nuce of
j express orders, no doubt, that iho rcis .-is
Jfthe Editors may tc placed in s.lf- cus-
oicu ii.nu neon caffciu iv ronfivr nt
tody at a moment's warning, should thev
Council of the State of New Jersey, do
hereby protest against the act and determi
nation of the Governor and Privy Council
summoned for the purpose of casting up the
whole number of votes from the several
' c?u f!l candidate as Represent
lt!VC of,r1,,,s '?0 m tho twenty-sixth Con
gross of the United States, and determining
T , '
V . 1 , . ? i;uam i ai.ieaa,
Jr0lin ':U?ll C,,;u f? C
i?'ef,i 1 ' o'P". a!ld 1 hows Jones
that John B. Aycrigg, William Ilalsiead,
lowing reasons :
1st. Because it is npprircnt upon the face
of the certified list of tho votes given tor
the said Representatives in the several
counties of Middlesex and Cumberland,
that the said lists are not general lists of
the w.iole votes of the said counties res-pectively--but,
on the contrary, that the
Clcik of Middlesex halhtdtogethcr omitted
the votes of the township of South Ambcy,
in the said county; and tho Clerk of Cum
berlanel ha thai together omitted the voles of
tha township of Millville, iu the said coun
ty; without either of thorn assigning the
reason therefor; and by the plain provisions
of the laws in such caso made and provided,
it is the duty pf the Government to pro
cure full and perfect returns of the said
votes from the said Clerks before pioc? ed
ing to hy the same before tho Privy Coun
cil; and until suchdu.y is performed by the
Governor, and complete returns of the
whole votes from the several counties in the
whole State areprocured, iheGovernor and
Council have no lawful right to act.
2d. Because, it is manifest upon the
face of the sa'd lists returned by the Clerks
of the counties ef Middlesex and Cumber
land, and upon the casting up and deter
minitiorfof the Governor and Privy Coun
cil, aforesaid, that the votes of the voters of
the township of South Ambov, in thc coun
ty of Middlesex, and. the votes of the vo
ters of .tho township of Millville, in the
county of Cumberland, tre omitted, sup
pressed or excluded, without any reason or
cause being assigned therefor -and thus a
part.' of the lawful vojers of the whole
Slate have been disfranchised by the acts
of comm ssion of the Clerks of. the cbun
desof Middlesex and Cumberland, and the
actl of omission of the Governor of the
State. - .' . r
--I iirii iii.u . 1 1 iiji ifiirvrn r I ill y ii I r-r ! f n ifM I':; ith m.i y.. I ..j . I . l ' . . A
IOU THEMSELVES, THEN THE1U LIBLRT1ES ARE
3d. BLcaoi, tlie said acts of the Clerks
a3 tilt; GoVeniQr and Priw P!rmnil nrn
1
1
vestal by lay with the power only to cast ; form, nnd yet they are constantly denoun
up the whole nu i.ber of votes (not a part) ' cng the administration as agrarian and
from the several counties, and thereupon to destructive, lor simply proposing to sepa
detcrtnine the candidates who have the rate the finances of the government from
greatest number of votes from the zvhole
State, (not a part of the Stale) thev ncc.es-
sarily have tha power to hear, try, and de
termine, whether the returns before them
uoconum the whole number ofsuch votes
jand procure them to be r.erfectod- iiirb 1. 1
been tho uniform construct ion arid rule ef
action of this body and now when the acts
fX it.-.--. Cr,.. 1 -.1
vn.ui,si;ni!i without an excuse
p dilation, or jusiiiication, it would involve
win uuuy in mar crime, to withhold the
I r.viul eri'crcine of a power committed to
them to prevent such outrages . upon the
rights of the people of New Jersey.
4h. Because, if the said county clerks
have any authority to judge of the "legality
oftl e acts of the officers of townshipelec
tions, the mode of conducting the same,
or the regularity of the returns made by re-,
turning officers, ctfortio ri, this body pos
sess the power to review the acts of such
clerks, and are bound to correct their er
rors, mistakes, or frauds, in their lists re
turned, aud to procure the irr" to b nr,r
feeted. "
Sib. Because, it. is charge 1 before us by
the petition of one of the citizens and law
ful voters of the State, that the said clerks
of the counties of Cumberland and .Middle
sex, have, by mistake, ignorance, or fraud
siipprcsse 1 the lawful certificates cf dec-
uo i omccrs oi r.,e saM townships ot Mill-
iV r . i -
v.l.e and bouth-Amhoy and that this body
ought to octerrmre that such returns cf
lists arc-nt sucu returns as required by
law, and I thereupon it will become the duty
ot the Governor to procure true lists of
the w.iole voles from the said counties re-.
peclively
Gth. Because, it appears before us that
the lists of the votes of the voters of the
townships of Millville and South-Amboy
aforesaid, were signed, certified, sealed up
and delivered or transmitted by the judge,
inspectors and clerks of election in said
townships respectively, to the clerks sever
ally of the counties in which they are situ
ate, and tint the same were received by the
said clerks respectively, before five o'clock
(if tlie afiernoon of Saturday, the thirteenth
instant and hied by them and. that the
, , WCrQ 0m"1 hy ,aw to delude
S I Ui Ul01??u?ral hs,is wll,ctj 13 now be-
" a'ul ! ,VC ,,ave " a"thoriy to
cast up a part of the votes but we ought
to require tue who-? to be returned to us,
inasmuch as the said clerks have no aulho-
rit v by law, to reject yuch voles returned to
tiic-n.
7ih. Because, although the said clcrks
of counties areministerial officers, and have
no authority to re ject, set aside, or suppress
returns--yet, lint when it manifes'ly ap-
fwars to the Governor and council, that
the returns made by the county clerks do
not contain the votes of the whole county,
without assi-rning any reaon for uo)res-
ing a part: it is the duty of lhe Governor
land council to consider s:irl) rrinrm
nullities, and to procure correct lists&f the
j nmi.t.es, ;
vo?
mine w hi
es; and that the power to deter-
.at candidates have the nreatest
r.unilerof v.itM in tho u-bnlo Rmio ...
cast uo the whole number of votes from
each ounfy. and to procure returns where
ho cleiks have been guilty of neglect, ne
cessarily involves a quasi judicial power, so
as to enable the persor:son whom it is con
ferred to prevent fraud and correct mis
takes in lhe returning officers, who are re
quired by law to make returns to them.
Sih. Because in the present case, to de
termine that the Governor and council are
to be the blind instruments to carry into
etfect the illegal or fraudulent acts .of coun
ty clerks, makes the Governor and council
jarticeps criniinh hi what wc solemnly
consider one of the most alarming usurpa
tions upon the rights of a free people that
has ever been attempted that no clerk ofa
county has -heretofore attempted to sup
press the votes ofa township for auy other
causeihan that the returns were not made
within the time prescribed by law and to
sane1 ion such an attempt would transfer
ibe rights of the people to usurping clerks
and render the voice of the ballot box pow
erless. For all these reasons,, wo do so
lemnly protest ag-iinst the above mention
ed determination and pray that this pro-
teist may hecn'eredon iccord. -
Br.JAMrx Olii'iulxt,
Japhet Ireland,
R. R. MoKnis,
11. H. Kennedy.
Jos. MoC.EE,
J. II. Lambert,
FitANCIS Pkice,
Council Chamber, Oct. 31
1C33.
FEDCRL INCONSISTENCY.
A striking proof of the essential weak
ness of the Federal party is its want of
unity of finding and design. It is a hete
rogeneous assemblage of discordant mate
rials, and appeals to the most opposite prin
ciples, and incompatible doctrines, for
sympathy and supjwt. We see it twice
fasten itself, to gain a temporary purpose
with that portion of the Democratic party
to w hich it has given the name of LocoFo
co. It is a fact not generally known, that
the Whig representatives of New York owe
MAN
GONE.
NO.
O
O
J their places to a hyprocritical adoption of
thorough-going opinions of those
bom they now declaim with so
ebemencc. lliose r-enllemcn ac
y signed a declaration of faith which
unoualifled Tround in favor ofn mptal-
! lie. nirmnrv. nnrninal Kniilr n-inop in aiiumi
' those of private individuals cr companies
Wbrit
.. - -j w.t, uuuiujii.u I'lwouiiijjuuu i
Can such men have any settled notions
whatever, who will publicly adopt a certain
creed to secure their election, and then
i .1 .
iuiii iouuu iiuu iiuvucaie me very opposite;
nay. more, denounce their opponents for
holding doctrines more moderate than
those which thev have openly subscribed?
Can sucu raen indeed, have any ideas ol
political honor or integrity?
It a section separates for the moment 'prior to the expiration of John H. Mal
froin the main body of the Democracy up- j lory's term of service." and as no report
en ultta radical grounds if there be any j bad been made to tho Legislature sinco
faction, however small or absurd, in the February 27th, 183(5, the committee hare
country, Federalism immediately forms
an alliance with it in its war upon the Re
publican administration. Anti-masonry,
Abolition, Native American Association
all are appealed to in turn; all are good
fish for its net. The Federalists never ask
what are the doctrines or designs of its al
lies: all it demands of a faction is that it be
inimical to the administration. Perhaps
there never was seen in any country a
more mongrel party than that which is
now designated under the comprehensive
namo of Whig. Many of those who meet
in its rank must feel ao little astonish
ment when they look each other in the
fice. Southern Federalists anJ Northern
j Abolitionist, the bypocritieal friends of th
! pour Indians in New Eu-rLmd. and manv
! of those who have made most noise on the
other side, in the South all are bitched
to iho car of the Bank. Thus we find that
papers like the Richmond Whig, which
j have always a tree ted a peculiar zeal for
Southern interests, were sadly disappoint-
adly disappoint
ed at the defeat ofltitner, who was ever
denouncing the "dark spirit of slavery."
Again we must exciaim, what strange in
consistency! what singular infatuation!
Taste for Heading. If I were to
pray for a tasto which should stand men in
stead under every variety of circumstance,
and be a source of happiness and cheer
fulness to me through life, and a shield
against its ills, however things might go
amiss, and the world frown upon mp, it
would be a taste for reading. I speak of
! itot course only as a
i ani1 not in the sHghtes
, or derogating from the
worldly advantage,
st degree superseding
from the higher office and su-
i rerand stronger panoply of religious prin-
;cip!es but as a taste, an instrument, and
i a mode of pleasurable gratification. Give
nan this taste, and the means of grati
J fying it, and you can hardly fail of making
! dm a happy man, unless, indeed, you put
mU "s n!Jnds!l rno?t perverse selection of
boo'KS' otI Place nun in contact with the
j l)CSt sociely in every period of history
Wlth the wlsest thc .wittiestwith the
,cn;,ercst tm? braves, ad the purest
I c,aracters v!mch have adorned humanity,
; "kou Inake lnm 51 dcnizcn of all nations a
! contemporary ot ail ages. 1 he world has
! "ecu crcated forlllm- It is hardly possi
' b e ut ,419"" character shoufd take a higher
j uuu url.ur 1UI. UUI,l1 u,e con.swnt nabitot
; Yomaimg wun a ciassoi thinkers, to say
uie ieasi f ir aorvc the average ot Iiu-
1 "ianu-v- 11 "morally impossible but that
the manners should take a tinge of good
breeding and civilization from having con
stantly before one's eyes thc way in which
the best bread and the best informed men
have talked and conducted themselves ih
their intercourse with each other. There
is a gentle, but perfectly irresistible coer
cion in a habit of reading well directed over
the whole tenor of a man's character and
conduct, which is not les3 effectual be
cause it works insensibly, and because it is
really the last thing he dreams of. It civ
ilizes the conduct of men, and suffers them
not to remain barborous.
Sir John Herschcll .
Honest Confession.: Read the fo!iow
ing, from the New England Weekly Re
view, a Federal paper printed at Hut ford,
or thereabouts. Speaking of Connecticut j
it. says that the probability is the Hon J.
M. Niles will be the next Govenor; that
the Democrats will carry the Legislature
and also thc Congressional ticket. Fur
ther: - .
"Our prospects are every day more
lowering; defeat upon defeat markesthe
progress of the Whig cause ; and what is
still more to be regretted, each defeat
instead ofarouseing energy and action,
seems to paralyze the stoutest champions
eif the cause; insteae of endeavoring to
arrest fho successful progress of their op
ponents, he Whig leaders seem to console
themselves with the visionary hopes of
a reaction, and a reliance upon imaginary
strength.
"Connecticut will run with thc Loco
Focos as strong as any State in the Union.
The Whigs have given it over to them.
It might have been kept firm to those
principles it lastyeaj maintained, but un
fortunately the'. Whigs have shamefully,
wantonly, basely surrendered it.
"How absurd it is to read in a Whig
paper we have fust received, Connecticut
stands like a rock, unchanged in the re-
cent elections,' when every man inCoa,
necticut knows to tho contrary." ' '
The Democratic Hartford Times says:
"The Hoco Pocps now Generally admit
in private covversation, that 1838 will,
be to them like" 1834 a short year of
panic. Those who do not like to admit
l eel concious that such is the case."
N.Yi. Evening Post. " V
lOiPORT;
Of tho Joint Select Committee of tho
Legislature consisting cf Mr. Hadley of
the Senateand Messrs. Stewart of Hinds,
Puckett and McIIcn of the House on tho
late Auditors books, and papers and the
State Funds, &c. .
. We copy from the Vicksburg Itegistef ;
the following summary of this important
document, so creditable totho able inves
tigations and assiduous labors of tho
Committee. Natchez Courier.
"This report occupies nearly two pa
ges of the Jtfississippian, and from tho
contusion in which the committee found
...ik o ji uie liiie luuiior must navo
cost them an immense deal of labor. Tho
i committed commence with saying, that,
unable to complete tho investigation bv
! it. r... i. . .'m . y
- "i" ursi uay oi may, when they wero di
rccted to do so, they continued their Ia
boi. Upon the examination 'of the lato
Auditor's books, the committee found "no
j entries had been made for twelve, and no
i posting had been done for eighteen months
based their calculations upon the Auditor!
report ot that date.
The amount stated in the report
as being in tho Treasury . '
4th January, 1S3G, SS,710 S3
Amount paid into tho Trea- . .
sury, from 4th January,
1335 to Gth Dec. 1837. 525,413 03
Total,
Amount paid cut during
same period,
Amount of "surplus rcve
nue of the United Stalet
paid into tho Treasury,
of the State of Missis
sippi, .
614,128 96
rdl,
700,791 10
382,335 SO
99G.464 2G
$7C0,701 10
120,003 25
175,249 57
Am't paid out by warrant
In Planters Bank of Nat
chez, Dec. C, 1837,
In office Planters Bank,
Jackson Dec. 6, 1837,
t 007,033 92
Exhibiting a balance of
Tho receipts on amount of
taxes on slaves, sold as
merchandise, hawkers &.
peddlers auctioneers ani
billiard tables,
Amount, of claims paid by
the late Auditor without
warrant of law and rejec
ted by said committee,
Amount due by .defaulting
Tax collectors exclusive
of G counties from which
no returns have been re
ceived, Literary Fund.
Amount paid into the Trea
surv from 4th January
183G to Gth Dec. 1837.
5G0 G&
1,2S4 5i
S00 55
03,110 12
1,337" 20
22, 900 00
G,5GST73.
220 shares of Plan'd Bank
stock,
Dividends,
Total belonging to this fund, 30,806 02
ltirce per cent fund.
Thc following appears to be an accu
rate statement as received from thc Reg.
istcr of U. S. Treasury and Planters Bank.
Amount paid J. H. ftlal-
lory in the year 1837 per
Registers's Statement, 07,070 00
Amount paid J. II. MaU
lory in the year 1 83G per
PlanlersBank,
52,379 94
395,818 31
382,07 3 35
Total receipts,
Amount paid into the Trea
sury by J: ii. Mallory,
Defficit, 13,770 00
State Bond Account.
Amount of bonds including
premium and interest, . 2,232,804 59
Dividend upon . 20,000
shares of stock, thc last -declared
on the 2Sth Jan
uary, 1838, 837,503 00 ;
3,070,304 59
lo balance this account
the state holds 20,000
shares stock which at par
value are worth $2,000,000 00
Expenses attending print
ing, sale, 4c. of bonds, 9,093 55
Interest paid on bonds, 645,000 00
Amount to the credit of
the sinking fund,
43G,20S 45
3,090,304 59
Balance, 20,000 00
The following statement shows the
amount for which J. II. Mallory lato
Auditor, appears to be a defaulterto wit:
On account of three per ' .
cent lund and interest
$14,563 24
8,312 94
G,89G 45
24,116 75
230 58 '
Sinking fund,
Seminary land fund,
Town Lots,
Vouchers rejected,
$51,079 96
A BEAUTIFUL THOUGHT' OnO of OU" '.
brother editors very wisely says, thit if
beauty be women's weapon, it must be '
feathered by the Graces, pointed by1 the V
eye of Discretion and ehot by tfaa httd of
Virtue, - V

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