OCR Interpretation

The Mississippi Creole. [volume] (Canton, Miss.) 1841-1851, December 25, 1841, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016872/1841-12-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Volume 1.
The Mississippi Creole,
ERMS. Five Dollars invariably in advance.
bns wishing to discontinue will please give
e thereot in tcnnng.
I SUDSCripilUlx iccntu v i u iw tunc; mail
jvertisements inserted at the rate of One
ir per square, (ten lines or leas,) for the
insertion, and fifty eenlt a square for each
Ivertisements which are not limited on the
lscriot, as to the number ot insertions, will
" r. ... 1 . , , 1
intinued until oraereo. qui, ana cnargea
rd'ngly,r 1 . I. 1
rticles of a personal nature, whenever ad
will be charged at the rate of Two Dol-
rirculars or public addresses, lor the be-
; of individual persons or companies, will
barged as advertisements, and at the same
inouncing oanaiuaies iur umce win oe icn
rtr pacn.
11 Work must be paid for on delivery.
Mtage on letters must be paid, or they will
ke attended to.
From the Boston Atlas
long may the South expect to
id an open market for its cotton in
requires only the most ordinary sa-
ity and the smallest possible attention
passing events in Great Britain to be
ibled to say, no longer lhan England is
We to raise sufficient cottonforher own
t s f
mmyiion in ner own possessions:
lien that time shall arrive, m hen the
(hundred thousand bales of Indian cot-
now imported into England, shall
(re become ten times as largo, then,
d that period is not a remote one, it
ili need even a prohibitory duty to
five American cotton, by a compe'ition
jinious to its producer, from the En-
lish market. The cheapness of its ri
kl will of itself be sufficient. Ameri-
in cotton cannot oe raised, ana anora
ly profit, as low as the Indian. But
en granting that it can, how slight a
yon American cotton will be requir
to place Indian cotton far beyond the
Issibility of competition. We now come
Ihe capacity of the British possessions
i India.
liat cotton can be raised in India, no
of course, will deny. That it can
i raised throughout India, isalsoshown
i all accounts. The amount therefore.
kich India is capable of producing will
Ipend upon the extent of its territory,
nature of its soil and the facilities
'itscultivation. Itappears, therefore,
reference to the first and most essen-
point, that the extent of her territo-
i in British India, capable of raising
ton is greater than that of the whole
the United States; not merely great
than the territory of the cotton grow-
States and territories. but larger than
whole tract of land included between
ktne and Lou.siana, Arkansas and the
The territory of the British East In
t Company covers an area of one mil-
one hundred and thirty thousand
Mrs miles, and contains a population
esoil of this immense tract of land is.
I course, various, but all is more or less
jtpted to the growth of cotton, and its
page degree of richness is fully equal
" it does not surpass, the soil of the
futhern States. In many parts the soil,
I larpp t mrt a 4 i a a a a w Ilanf a a in
tevsUf black vegetable mould to the
Pl, of tit feet I I n Rfino-al. thft Gan-
- - D -
annually overflows the country to
'extent of more than a hundred miles
Fidth, which inundation greatly fer
psthe land, and the periodical rains
'he intense heat produce an extraor
ry luxuriance of veeation." The
- of Bengal is the largest of the
fllsl' 'nresidencies,and is the one where
'vernment are, at this moment, ma-
fg the utmost exertions to encourage,
nd where nearly all their efforts
re teen directed. Of this Presiden
88 well known. Calcutta is the cap
. - i
l. It In--!. 1 C .U..r
iiuury is upwarus ui im
Hred thousand square miles, equal to
area which comprises the States of
PS'nia, North and South Carolina,
the growth, so as to render it, as in
America, a triennial, instead of an an
nual; or in the picking and cleaning of
it for export. Decca cotton is unequal
led; and the (sea Island cotton (from
Saugur Island, near Calcutta,) promises
to be a valuable article of export."
The possibility of raising the "sea
island" cotton in India, has ever been
treated with ridicule and incredulity by
our planters interested in cotton. That
they are no longer justified in the belief
that in this country only this superior cot
ton can be raised, will appear from the
following, in the Madras United Service
Gazette, of the 25th of June:
"At the Agricultural meeting at Cal
cutta in May last, some of the soifof the
island ef Cheduba was stated to have un
dergone analyzation, and was found to
correspond with that on which the sea isl
and of Georgia is produced. A report
on the subject of this important discove
ry has been made to the Indian govern
ment and a cask of Sea Island cotton
seed had been accordingly shipped for
Cheduba. It has long been a dogma among
cotton cultivators that this description of
soil.so favorable to the cultivation of cot
me enormous amount ot seven millions j their danger to be not so distant and u
two hundred and forty eight thousaud, six aginary as they appear to believe, they Tk 1
hundred bales of cotton! Or mnrp than shut their evr tn tt r..t.M mm :r w
, - 1 - ----- j ,v U V IMIUIV, J 1 J .
tril)Ip. all that i3 fiinsilnnil in Clmnt Rim- : n rr an. lkv o-n Tv.. too
If we take our estimate from the pro
portionate supply from the State of Mis
sissippi, the soil of which State that of j East India cotton scheme
India is described as most exactly re
sembling, the quantity which these pro
vinces can easily raise will be much lar
ger. The average growth of cotton to
the square mile in Mississippi, is fifteen
bales. The same ratio in three Indian
provinces will give us a growth, in one
year, of twelve mill ion eighty-one thousand
bales of cotton! Five times the quantity
used by Great Britain. So much for the
capacity of India to raise cotton.
From the Uoston AUa9.
How long may the South expect to
find au open market for its cutton in
We recently referred to the value and
amount of the exported cotton of this
country. We showed that nearly a half
of the actual value of all our exports of
American produce was comprised in the
cotton exported to British posses-
cling, with the pertinacity of drowning lwlTe
men, to every straw that seems to war- e ho,i
rant the possibility of the failures of the lo "IOni5i
The return 1 ""i
of one or two of the American wHn am but have
attemntina it. is sewpH nnon ami tmmnoi. tanei4 wcunty om thm
- 1 i
ed throughout the Southern States, as if
it necessarily followed the whole scheme tor Ttl 3-0UU hml h
would be abandoned. What folly hat thn lhat fro tki intCJiMr. lftX
fatal blindness! The Government anti ta ot Ja lt
cipated obstacles in the way of their XK:oQ ;atl tvy MM
undertaking, but instead of meeting any
to discourage them, thev have met v th rage, of 3i cwt-
much fewer than thev antft-ft-l and 9W
are now pressing through their enter
prise in a manner which cannot fail t
ensure its speedv su "ces.
If instead of takins itforsrante l that
England can never be able to do without y ,a
nnr Knltnn II l!--: UfttftM
of obtaining from India a 1 she wanreti.
ton,was peculiar toAmerica,thus yielding u . . , , . ... .
. . & Britain has both the will and the power
to exclude, in the course of a few years,
to that country a vast monopoly in the
produce of a superior cotton ; but we have
at last descovered a Sea Island of our own,
and will, doubtless, turn it to a prof table
Another writer on India, Royle, says:
"The best of cotton is produced from the
coast of Coromundcl." Both of the oth
er British Presidencies also Madras and
B tmbay, are admirably qualified in ev
ery respect for the raising of cotton.
Another writer says: The Presidencies
of Madras and Bombay likewise contain
land capable of growin g cotton to an il
limitable extent."
The Presidency of Madras contains
142,000 square miles, or an area larger
in extent than that of the three States
of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, and with a
population of nearly fourteen millions.
The Presidency of Bombay is about as
larger Virginia, with a population of
six millions.
These are the three great Presiden
cies of British India, and to them we are
to look principally for the realization of
the expectations of the English growers
of East India cotton; but they are not
the only portions of East India where
cotton can be and will be raised. Mar
tin says: "The Indian government have,
of late years, made several attempts for
the extensive introduction of the cotton
plant into Guzerat near the Persian Gulf
which seems well adapted for the culture.
"Cotton," says another writer, "is as fine
American cotton entirely from her mar
ket. Of the desire- of Englan i to do
this, we need hardly speak; for it has
been too manifest for several years past
to require us lo point u out more clearly.
It is only necessary to see the constant,
unremitting and determined efforts of
the East India Government to raise cot
ton that shall compete in quality, quan
tity and cheapness with that of this
country, and the unanimity ot feeling
throughout England in hoping soon to re
ceive ample supplies from India, to ren
dep England independent of America for
supplies of cotton. We have only to
read the journals of England, the more
liberal as well as the ultra-radical and
the ultra-tory, especially where we fin J
in them accounts of public meetings on
the subject, to be convinced this feeling
pervades the country, and is participat
ed in by all classes and by members of
all the political parlies. The abolition
ists, who, in England, are composed of
the best portions of society, are, as one
man, opposed to receiving, any longer
than is absolutely necessary, any more
cotton that is raised by slave labor. And
all accounts of thoir meetings agree in
showing an impatience,almost uncontrol
able, for that period when the success of
East India cotton shall be such as
to warrant the exclusion of Ame
rican. It is but a snort time since we ;
would prove a failure, the Southern poli
ticians had seriously set thfme!ve
about the inquiry shall we, or shall we
not, be oble to compete with India iuthe
production of cotton? They would be
astonished at the result of their inq . .
Huw cau the South expect to compete,
with their slave labor, even taking it at
the very lowest estimate of cost to the
owners, with the tree labor of India at
the rate of only tee I ve cents a day Nu,
more; with tlr most a bun Jaat a :!y
Mti'at"ul '!falt M"-MMftftMl
otks eaJaa tW 31 of Hat. . "V
MM k-fttrw not Imb ... .
pftBBfw--- f ' w' a HM-w Wa mm tftw mm-
to tW ; . . , ;
OOO pMtok. thuuf h twel. mn aiW , 7
it had rachd 44 4,f XAtt
Md s Diet. Am
est to the caltiveMM, we unnm
th it the
in Grsit Britaia Me
er ratio trtan of ay eMeky i
In 1816, at wkkch periei tee a
American lp!aa ta ISf4,ee
1 3 id. el ta ejeeeeeMtoee of
was 4. at btea eee Eeet ledhee t7
bales per wek la It39, eee lb
average price of Vykmni wae Tfte. mi
' C . . . mil - &
1,1,,. ,n,l a.r .nnnli'v ,xf !.,., OUTAl AiU CUMMH N
purpose; and wi:h a govern o n: and rican x 1444 bol al Eeet Ie4aa
wealthy company not only ready to -14. bales per vack. tee eteeeeee ie t3
enml ih.'in hill rl.tinrc nil in thir !uir Jear, of ta mtmt nrnmrnXSmmmm etSg IM
, e -
to urge there up having but a single im
pediment in the way the greater dis
tance of transportation. Theonly things
which at this very moment prevent the
East India cotton from Jrtviug the Anaer- j (Jouoevtetl with this
: .. . r . i i :
mmu luuuii um ui tus luaikri, is nic iu- TTt that
sufficient supply of the former, and its
inferiority to the latter. The first ob
stacle will exist no longer than the re
moval of the other. Ttiat as good Cist pjej
India c;t: 1 a a.iy ;-i m . - i be ( M
raised ir. India, lias alrea ly U-e:i ascer-; - j woay MM
tained, as we shall show hereafter. That g. m
it can be raised to il limit able exteat can
Ht F icm. eM eae
k. r . mm - .
lut- . ivj w i :o is. mm tee ae p
the cooseaeptioo o:
West India varieties Was est
rr8'a Alabama and Mississippi
ttins a population of no less than
miLLions of souis! of its ca
int to the testimony of those who are
rrnerj by their own experience, upon
i,L' . " . '
iect- Montgomery Martin says:
every where abounds, but suffi
ucarehas not been bestowed upon
n Rajahpotanah, as any where in India.''
n another part ofthe publication, which
s of this year's date, he says, "another
part of the same province (Mewar) pro
duces all kinds of grain, cotton, sugar,"
&c. In another paper we will continue
our quotations from different writers to
prove that still other part parts of India
can grow cotton in abundance. But we
have shown enough for our present pur
pose. For we have seen that three great
Presidencies, as well as the larger vas
sal states, are abundantly able to raise
cotton in immense qaantities. With an
area of 806,400 square miles, or as
large as that of the whole of the United
States, excepting only New England and
the small States of New Jersey and Del
aware, and with a population of one
hundred and eight millions, we have
seen that their soil is equal, if not
superior, to that of the Southern States,
and with twenty times their popula
tion. It is at least fair to presume
that they can raise cotton in proportion
ately large quantities when their atten
tion is fully directed to its growth. Now
it appears from the agricultural statis
tics of the sixth census of 1840, that
the six principle cotton growing States
South Carolina, Georg a, Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana, and Tennessee, with
an area of 285;0O0 square miles, grow,
in one year, 2,573,379 bales of cotton.
Allowing that portion of East India,
alone, of which we have spoken, to be
able to grow cotton in the same propor
tion as the cotton growing States, name
ly, about nine bales on the average to
the square mile, and the five provinces
alone, to make no mention for the pres
ent of the others, are capable of raising
read an account of a public meeting in
London of the Abolitionists, where it
was strongly urged by an American
speaker, that England had but to lay a
duty on American cotton to put an end
to slavery in America. The idea was
be seen by a glance at the map of India. jfect
to be confirmed bv reading the accounts
of the soil. That it will drive out ito; been a, tea
rU0Ciiv.au t UUUii tioui uic numa. ecu tfjtj
r itlirtiil n . 1 r s-krt I Ua IttMo .9 A ft? klS I
VT 1 L 11 LI tl L a UU I V Oil I II latl, Ut wit" fc - i.
ble, whenever its quality shall be equal- mml lj
ly good, as it can be afforded at a rate amj m j, Wr :k
which will not enable our planters to natjot i
raise cotton. Witness the decrease of pgpjj ifcy
ttie imports into Liverpool, oi tsraziiiaa atBer
cotton. Last India cotton has sup-
, , . - -1 . i . k
planted mat. ny win it not ao me
! same to our cotton, when it is equally
We will show, in our next, the capaci
ty of India to raise any amount of cotton.
! and the exertions that have been made to which
supported by the speakers that followed, , ...
ir . ! 1 ' render it as good in quality as the Amer
and the consideration of the meeting was j
more occupied with the chance of ob
taining supplies of cotton from India than
with the subject directly before it.
But it is not only the case with the Ab
olitionists, as such, that this feeling ex
ists. It pervades every where. It is
heard in their halls of Parliament, on the
hustings, in newspapers and journals of
every class, and is in fact a matter of na
tional feeling. "A tax on American Cot
ton, Protection to that of our owa Pos
sessions," is now the watchword through
out England, and any one is worse than
blind to the reality who can read the En
glish journals without seeing this.
But we believe few, if any, will deny
the existence of this disposition, espe
cially in the face of the great exertions of
the East India government to encourage
the growth of cotton, especially cotton
of such a quality as shall compete wifch
that of America. To do so would be to
refuse credit to facts that are daily star
ing us in the face. But while none can
deny that exertions are making to enable
England to do without American cotton,
there are many of our southern friends
who will not permit themselves to believe
that they will provesuccessful. They
laugh at the idea of raising cotton in
East India to rival theirs, as if it were
an utter impossibility, and instead of ex
amining into the matterand ascertaining
the facts, which would show to them' future
From the National Int?l!iarr.
Brtiish Attempts to Grow Cottoa.
The following extracts from som of
the hest foreicrn naaers mav be defended teail,re
0 rr- j - - i T
-irtac I'll lekirtn Cant a W lil.K Ml nf a "
? r-,, ?MV for
lllljiui iui.VwW ,v wmmwm j . i - a
sive preparations making by England for
supplying herself with her own cottoa
and excluding that of foreign gtrth,
and the success which has attended them
have not till lately excited public atten
tion. We now see them all alive to the
protection of their own interests, the
growing of cotton is becoming a subject of.
investigation in other countries. It would
be well for the people of this country if;
they too would open their eyes to this
subject, and look forward to the prospect
that is now presented to them. With
cotton at 10 cents a pound, fhe maauac
ture barelv holding its own and not 1a
creasing in Euyope, with Texas rising
rapidly into importance with its rival,
production, and the South American
States, the West India islands, Egyptj
and ot Her countries increasing theirs. From the period of Ceet. Be mnS
where are our planters to look for high- atoo to A
er prices and a ready market! Instead ktog auwself
of being jealous of our own manulactures adopted in
which already take 286,0x .Dales, we ot cotiee, te tM tmaef
think it would show more prudence to
cherish them as our best resource for the
?s4 teafteet l .... . .
Maeeee!, Jm T ssirseMMMt)
j Sw ra a. JeaieejeftBt yenecWMM
a, - - - - .
fuUv takee le Me e Tnal teeeeeM mm. A eseeet mm M aMfset f tM)
MMMCMres bet were Becleerf aski eer ' leJMft Cesvewaeet M a cme f
- Wm) Att . -
m V t W
Mum t Mt txnw- M tM M wMee mi 4 ie
exteastvely eeefel. Me ni IWftMMat mm Met pie
Mobile and New OHeeM iMftehe pMftM tes4 eMa m ILefMei MM
ce 480.0UO,OUO fraaes ni cwose pee mmii psnaMt m 17 cMm el MseM.
jlimtlll system af repr.-ra, ee4 eeej iTJL rt".i laT-" " ""
eeve beee vifeteerfy iifciae j bv nun i m y mmm9atomm m MkraaS
reprwsentatise of Fraece at wlMaj,jjJ JknM jm ftkea teeaeeee
"any eeve full caeAieeee w tnm mm , n m 1 hi r n fii M ee tM
fivwi ie T I"aa-4Xc ft, teat. J 'tlieaTa umilii V iajk
t'sXT Rkf llfcJ nmfjnmm IHIk f JpBli IHi4l (Blk BBJ

xml | txt