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E. -.rv Kjm--c u.-irs' Iiu, lev . la-: ... i. ,jr' s-t--7a :. !:u. Tie .-;.! S.i-:L--5r Ka'Jrti ;i A r ?-r- f ": ; A iri '"t J-;-"" ; Ai l -wr k !". T lH " r""1" xr TO-ir: To li v, A iV- wr l --.L-T, -1. Tim- . 'as stif- i 4 f are. T .Lir truss. tL", in r- LAWS Or THE CIuTLO STATUS. JP&sscl el fie Sttiivn Tkirtv-nnt Cyjrts .Tv.:irfrt:it.-4.K31-. lT-lMi.iS of all ' -r.-T r-iaJwi i(rer-eriw t vaij bound- j --. mf I ii.sK vt ra lire l:t-d Sa:-s i trt w. v ..f' U'j i S'-jfct i-f A- 1 . htu ti- j Ltt t " Jtrc n-1 !? the "a:e of ieia ..-!.. e arrf-J -x iLe s-u 1 StaV. in -1 i-v ll:- t-Tf-r&I As-ml!y, ": mV'TT pii tle ;'. siii State of U ! S- V.-s c-;SB Xi.t xiT'i m nt bv fe given -a -r cf liecc-Eaber, a I s'slr.-i :.r. 1 ff t: Ti Na:c .f Tt XI tii rl.--zirji 3 lie r. ! r - s,-re it d. t -t 4t wLk-h :h s-l all euni tliC meridian l frc-m Green- . - - - , six -i- ct-s xirtr tiicavs nor.h latitude, "J n.. r " J, Pnt d,ae, fcsl.to - , , . ' K'iiiirr sLU rta da sm L k the thirty -" c. ! - - -i. . i . . i . i - - ' '.j s OI , u..r;v-t ti-r IL.i r..-n ! 1 Norte, wl h :e ..f &iJ river 4 i . .x i TL- S::e ' Ti xs ses ime i: i fc r cl!?a to territory ex- t!--r I"ssh ni WunlsrH s wh'ch si? ,t- ! tlab. by tie Lrt aracle f ,, r rr- :.t Ti-c. TNr f T xa- re!lnqu!hes t". jrflia ".f K-jl :ri-L -u-- r. vt riU.srms . I r:i--s . -a t w ; iL ir -4 1 i r. ari l i vl-lic buildings I ethe pr.peny t V . el -ires at tLc ume of the an- j Unite! ' .r j 121 .tll Pi - f -r.- ' 1 1 ,ho governor shall appoint and direct; and tttir u irxa. J r'in-She shall, at the same time, declare the ;:!'Vr,:- s,,r.V-Tna,l'rtoVC! number of members of the council and - I hio r.i att-s. :a cor. . , . - " - " i- - , ed to the council; and the person or per rmc. c-UUern:orr,anJ tx-unqtush-jns aathorized to elected, having the c... ... v.ie e ot , , t number 0f votes for the house ;l r- I-r.fUrj which each county or district shall be enti-I-rtr,X.'e at tbe J of fane-en , . ,, . -,. , , iX, . -r-r .-jvab!- half-rearly at Uiu:--d SiAe after the President been fur- mvh xa atitl r.t5c cr.py of ti e act of tL-c Grsxril As-tnb!y ! Texas, accepting t&r-ae r Tv-t'-r.s 1 caa- the stock ta be J ia f tTor 'f tbe State f Texas, j u f ci!-l i ia the f unh article of ihis j ft rr- rr-. a: frrrJff,cIfo, That no more i ti.ik3 Ex eai.-Ksof stx t shall be is- . , f , , , ,- s-af-i lire xxL:-rs -f tne iate hol-im I in I "i r r rilc:es of stk of Tex- f r L a datir on irrports were sj-ci-aT!y j i J. s-hil first k- at the Treasury ef tlrf U.TI States tZ ase of all claims a-j-i-X .- Usltol Stts f -r or on account c4 I t;oi cr t r:5xt s in such form a 1 mil l f roscriWJ by the St-rretary of tLTr-iry asd appro vl by the Presi dest Sf it Ua:v-Jtos: I'rrt h I, That hTc-:a Mntiia d hall be construed t iTcxoiror j-ii!ify asy tliing contained in tie thri artk-Vof the eeor.d secuon of the .it rt--xatia f -r annexing Texas to the UeII Sj" approved March first, a tsTjirei aad forty-Sve, cither as r; ,rrl t-? r.TiriH r -I lr.a-.es tnat mayi It rv if; r W f m:-d out of the State of Tex- v r o;ri". S.-T. 2. AJ s k jartlf rtnt-fci. That all tb.sl prti a of tbe Urn:ory of the Unit tJ iri:-s Ic2iic-J as fUjws: beginning at La tb Colorado rivtr, where the bcitt iiry Lae with the Republic of Mexico CTCss5 tie inse; thence castwardly with th? Mil KvacJsrr line, to the Rio Grande; thf Tsoe f-".-:r. ; the cilia chtiTsel of said rivtr w iLe pvra!! of the thirty-second gnv of r r-h Uu:a !o; thence cast with tb !--croe S its inu-rocuon wi.h the eae F in l.-v J aal third decree ef IH5imde v of Grtr-aih: thmce nrth wi.h s:id ccrroe of Vrgitade totV.e parallel of thirty -ciS-h drec of r.rih latitude; thence west with sail mra'.k-l to the summit of the Sen- Miire; thence south with the crest of saII r '-jTS'-ilr.s to t!je th:rty-s ven'h par allxlof i r.h lthale; tLvnce west w ith i 1 parallel to its iit rseenon with the fc. aaiiry Use of the S;ae of California; ti see i.h set: 1 bun 1 iry line to the place of K'crr.g be and the same is hereby crt-ctcJ in:o a tt ntporary government, by tbo r,e of the Territory of New Mexico: .-.vi.fof, Tr.t rothing in tUs act con be cor.?raed to inhibit the G-yvernn nt of the United States from di ri !;ag said Tcrritorr into two or more Ter ritories in such manner and at soch times as iVr. s shall deem convenient and proper."" or fcora attaching any perion thereof u arsy other Territory or State: A I prwiiitit fmrtX fr, That, w hen admitted as a Sca. the ail Territory, or any por o of tle sars shall be rec ived into the Ucioa with or without tlavt-ry, as' their eoRsatation may prescribe at the time of tbr-ir aduais&iocLr Sec 3. Ad If il yVn'.Vr tnn fd. That tbe execalive power and aathority in and over said Territory of New Mexico shall be rested ia a Governor, who shall hold his oce for fosr Tears, ud until his suc- rewc shTi be tppctnied and qualified, un Vrs s-'er rsaTeibr the Tre silrctof the , United State. The governor shall reside within ?aid Territory, ihall be commander : in-chief of the militia thereof, shall per j form lite duties and receive the emoluments j of suferintendt-nt of Indian affairs, and sli ail approve all laws pased by the legis '. lati e aembly befure they shall take tf- i; he may grant pardons for offences a ; jr-tirii-t the laws of said Territory, and re pritves for offences against the laws of the L'r.ire i States until the decision of the Pre M'Jent can be made known thereon; he ! shV.l commission all officers who shall be j appointed to office under the laws of the bkl Territory, and tdialltake care that the 1 laws be fai.hfully executed. S 4. And I it further enacted, That i there shall be a Secretary of said Terrilory, ; who shall reside therein and hold his office ir t-.mr years, unless sooner removed Dy the I'reiient of the United States; he shall reconi and preserve all the laws and pro cet!in;js of the legislative assembly here inafter constituted, and all the acts and pro ceedings of the Governor in his executive dt-partment; be shall transmit one copy of the laws, and one copy of the executive proceedings, on or before the first day of December in each year, to the President of the United States, and at the same time two copies of the laws to the Speaker of the j House oi lu'presentauves ana ine i resi ! dent of the Senate for the use of Congress. nation, or other necessary abscence of the Governor from the Territory, the Secretary tVii'l bave nrA he is hereby authorized . the powers and duties of the Governor during such vacancy or necessary abscence, :ntt.d to fiU such vacanCT. , the legislative power and authority oi said Territory shall be vested in the Governor and a Lenslative Assembly. The leirisla live assembly shall consist of a council and houe of representatives. The council shall consist of thirteen members, having the quantisations of voters as hereinafter pre scriljed, whose term of service shall con tinue twe years. The house of representa- ties s,ha!l consist of twenty-six members, i possessing the same qualitications as pre ; scribed for members of the council, and wboseterm of service shall continue one n appointment shall be made as - aJ nearly equal a; practicable among the sev- cral Jounties or districts for the election of the council and house of u;e couacu any. iiousc ji lei'icscuuiai ea giving to each section of the Territory re- : presentation in the ratio of its population, ( Indians excepted,) as nearly as may be. , , . V ' e .i J-i i V . .vn i uie memoers oi me council anu oi uie I house of representatives, shall reside in, j au l be inhabitants of, the district for which they mny be elected respectively. Previ . - i-t A. as to the first election, the governor shall , cause a census cr enumeration of the in- j habitants of the several counties and dis tric: of the Territory to be taken, and the first election shall be held at such time and places and be conducted in such manner as rerresen distncts snail be entitled - , , ..l.i-rl t,a, ;n. tK hurlcf EUmU.r of voU?g m each of saTdCOUnci? dis- I tricts for members of the council, shall be declared by the governor to be duly elect- of i lieu, Miau uc uciiarcu uv mc gwn-iuui ij te duly elected members of the house of representatives: Provided, That in cases of a tie between two or more persons voted for, the governor shall order a new election to supply the vacancy made by such tie. And the persons thus elected to the legisla tive assembly shall meet at such place and on such day as the governor shall appoint; but thereafter the time, place, and manner . f j ?- - i the people, and the apportioning the repre- - f - 1 . i. , ia ; Mt kis in it t wvira i I'll in itt r nisi riris to the council and house of representatives, according to population, shall be prescribed bv law, as well as the day of the com mencement of the regular sessions of the legislative assembly: Provided, That no ! one session shall exceed the term of forty days. Sec. 6. Ami he it further enacted, That every free white male inhabitant, above the ae of twenty-one years, who shall have leen a resident of said Territory at the time of the passage of this act, shall be en tilled to vote at the first election, and shall be eligible to any office within the said Ter ritory; but the qualifications of. voters and of holding office, at all subsequent elections, shall be such as shall be prescribed by the legislative assembly: Provided, That the right of suffrage and of holding office shall be exercised only by citizens of the United Spates, including those recognised as citi zens by the treaty with the Republic of .Mexico, concluded r ebruary second, eigh teen hundred and forty-eight- Sec 7. And he it further enacted, That the legislative power of the Territory shall extead to all rightful subjects of legislation, consistent with the Constitution of the U- nited States and the provisions of this act; but no law shall be passed interfering with Uie primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other proper ty of non-residents be taxed higher than the lands or other property of residents. All the laws passed by the legislative as- . sembly and governor shall be submitted to the Congress of the United States, and if disapproved shall be hull and of no effect. Sec. 8. And he it furtier enacted, That all township, district, and county officers, not herein otherwise provided for, shall be appointed or elected, as the case may be, in such manner as shall be provided by the governor and legislative 'assembly of the Territory of New Mexico. The governor shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the legislative council, ap point all officers not herein otherwise pro vided for; and in the first instance the gov ernor alone may appoint all said officers, who shall hold their offices until the end of the first session of the legislative assembly, and shall lay off the necessary districts for members of the council and house of repre sentatives, and all other officers. Sec. 9. And he ii further enacted, That no member of the legislative assembly shall hold or be appointed to any office which shall have been created, or the salary or e- moluments of which shall have been in creased, while he was a member, during the term for which he was elected, and for one year after the expiration of such term; and no person holding a commission or appoint- per day during their attendance at the ses ment under the United States, except post- sions thereof, and three dollars each for masters, shall be a member of the legisla- every twenty miles travel in going to and tive assembly, or shall hold any office under returning from the said sessions, estimated the government of said Territory. according to the nearest usually travelled Sec. 10. And be it furtLermacted, That route. There shall be appropriated annu the judicial power of said Territory shall ally the sum of one thousand dollars to be be vested in a supreme court, district courts, expended by the governor, to defray the and probate courts, and in justices of the contingent expenses of the Territory; there peace. The supreme court shall consist of shall also be appropriated annually a suffi a chief justice and two associate justices, cient sum to be expended by the secretary any two of whom shall constitute a quorum, of the Territory, and upon an estimate to be and who shall hold a term at the seat of government oi saia lerntory annuany, ana they shall hold their offices during the pe- riod of four years. The said Territory shall be divided into three judicial districts, and a district court shall be held in each of said districts by one of the justices of the su- preme court, at such time and place as may be prescribed by law; and the said judges shall after their appointments, respectively, rtside in the districts which shall be assign- ed theni. The jurisdiction of the several place in said Territory as the governor there courts herein provided for, both appellate of shall appoint and direct; and at said first and original, and that ot tne probate courts and of justices of the peace, shall be as lim- ted by law: Provided, That justices of the j 111 it f I peace snau not nave jurisdiction oi any matter in controversy when the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or w here the debt or sum claimed shall exceed one hundred dollars; and the said supreme and district courts, respectively, shall pos- fee. 14. Jiid he it further enacted, lhat sess chancery as well as common law juris- a delegate to the House of Representatives diction. Each district court, or the judge of the United States, to serve during each thereof, shall appoint its clerk, who shall al- Congress of the United States, may be e so be the register in chancery, and shall lected by the voters qualified to elect mem keep his office at the place where the court bers of the legislative assembly, who shall may be held. Writs of error, bills of ex- ception, and appeals, shall be allowed in all cases from the final decisions of said district courts to the supreme court, under such the United States to the said House of Re regulations as may be prescribed by law; presentatives. The first election shall be but in no case removed to the supreme court held at such time and places, and be con- shall trial by jury be allowed m said court, The supreme court, or the justices thereof, shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall hold his office at the pleasure of the ner of holding the elections shall be pre court for which he shall have been appoint- scribed by law. The person having the ed. Writs of error and appeals from the greatest number of votes shall be declared final decisions of said supreme court shall by the governor to be duly elected, and a be allowed, and maybe taken to the su- certificate thereof shall be given according preme Court of the United States, in the ly: Provided, That such delegate shall re same manner and under the same regula- ceive no higher sum for mileage than is al tions as from the circuit courts of the United lowed by law to the delegate from Oregon. States, where the value of the. property or the amount in controversy, to be ascertained by the oath or affirmation of either party, or other competent .witness, shall exceed one thousand dollars'; except only that in all cases involving title to slaves, the said writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and decried by the said Supreme Court without regard to the value of the matter, of being applied to schools in said Territo broperty. or title in controversy: and ex- rv, and in the States and Territories here- cept, also, that a writ of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United States from the decision of the said supreme court created by this act, or of any judge thereof, or of the district courts created by this act, or of any judge thereof, upon any writ of habes corpus in- volving the question of personal freedom; and each of the said district courts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction in all cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States as is vested in the circuit and district courts of the United States; and the said supreme and district courts of the said Territory, and the respec- tive judges thereof, shall and may grant writs of habes corpus in all cases in which the same are jrrantable bv the iudsres of the United States in the District of Columbia; and the first six days of every term of said courts, or so much thereof as shall be neces- sary, shall be appropriated to the trial of the said Territory of New Mexico as else causes arising under the said constitution where within the United States. and laws; and writs of error and appeals in all such cases shall be made to the supreme court of said Territory, the same as in other cases. The said clerk shall receive in all such cases the same fees which the clerks of the district courts of Oregon Territory now receive for similar services. ' Sec. 11. And he it furtlter enacted, That there shall be appointed an attorney for said Territory, who shall continue in office for four years, unless sooner removed by. the President, and who shall receive the same fees and salary as the attorney of the Unit- ed States for the present Territory of Ore- gon. there shall also be a marshal tor the Territory appointed, who shall hold his of- fice for four years, unless sooner removed by the President, and who shall execute all processes issuing from the said courts when exercising their jurisdiction as circuit and district courts of the United States; he shall perform the duties, be subject to the same regulation and penalties, and be entitled to the same fees as the marshal of the district court of the United States for the present lerntory of Oregon; and shall, in addition, be paid two hundred dollars annually as a compensation for extra services. Sec. 12. Ana be it further enacted, lhat the governor, secretary, chief iustice and associate justices, attorney and marshal, shall be nominated, and, by and with the dvice and consent of the Senate, appointed by the President of the United States. s - Ti" -V ojjpjmicu .. , ' respectively take an oath or affirmation, be- fore the district judge or some justice of vr, .v..v- v, - .-i i v "r c i rr j M u. . uxll? ul 8. u- .j ' i .""I"" . manrni! riv trip laws nnw in tttva thprwn or before the chief justice or som associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, to support the Constitution of the 8,11:111 ue apporuouea accoiumg w an act TTnJtfd Shafts nnrl fair nfnll - trt ,Wnr, 1 ual enumeration of ' the inhabitants of the the duties of their respective offices: which said oaths, when so taken, shaU be certified by the person by whom the same shall have been taken, an,d such certificates shall be received and recorded by the said secretary among the executive proceedings: and the chief justice and associate justices, and all other civil officers in said Territory, before uiey act as sucn, snail ia.e a use oain or affirmation, before the said governor or sec- retary, or some judge or justice of the peace of the Territory, who may be duly commis- sioned and qualified, which said oath or af - hrmation shall be certified and transmitted, by the person taking the same, to the sec - retary, to be by him recorded as aforesaid; and afterwards, the like oath or affirmation! shall be taken, certified, and recorded, in such manner and form as may be prescribed bylaw. The governor shall receive an an- nual salary of fifteen hundred dollars as governor, and one thousand dollars as su- permtendent of Indian affairs. The chief justice and associate justices shall each re - ceive an annual salary of eighteen hundred dollars. The secretary shall receive an an - nual salary ot eighteen hundred dollars. The said salaries shall be paid quarter- yearly, at the treasury of the United States, l he members ot tne legislative assembly 1 shall be entitled to receive three dollars each made by the Secretary of the Treasury of me United States, to detray tne expenses oi the legislative assembly, the printing ef the laws, and other incidental expenses; and the secretary of the Territory shall annual- ly account to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States for the manner in which the aforesaid sum shall have been expended, Sec. 13. And he it further enacted. That the legislative assembly ol ISew Aiexico shall hold its first session at such time and session, or as soon thereatter as tney snan deem expedient, the frovernor and legisla tive assembly shall proceed to locate and i 1 1 1 i . .i ! J estaDiisn the seat oi government ior saia .territory at such place as they may deem eligible; which place, however, shall there- after be subject to be changed by the said governor and legislative assembly. be entitled to the same rights and privileges as are exercised and enjoyed by the dele- cates from the several other Territories of ducted in such manner, as the governor shall appoint and direct; and at all subse quent elections, the times, places, and man Sec. 15. And he it further enacted, That when the lands m the said Territory shall be surveyed under the direction of the dov- eminent of the United States, preparatory to bringing the same into market, sections numbered sixteen and thirty-six in each township in said Territory, shall be and the same are hereby reserved lor the purpose after to be erected out of the same. Sec. 16. And he it further enacted, That, temporarily, and until otherwise provided by law, the governor of said Territory may define the judicial districts of said Territo- ry, and assign the judges w ho may be ap pointed for the said Territory to the sever al districts, and also appoint the times and places for holding courts in the several counties or subdivisions in each of said ju dicial districts by proclamation to be issued by him; but the legislative assembly, at their first or any subsequent session, may organize, alter, or modify such judicial dis- tricts, and assign the judges, and alter the times and places of holding the courts, as to them shall seem proper and convenient. Sec. 1 7. And he it further enacted, That the constitution and all laws of the United States which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect within Sec. 18. And he it further enacted, That the provisions of this act be and they are hereby suspended until the boundary be- tween the United States and the State of Texas shall be adjusted; and when such adjustment shall have been effected, the President of the United States shall issue his proclamation, declaring this act to be in full force and operation, and shall proceed to appoint the officers herein provided to be appointed in and for said Territory. Sec. 19.' And he it further enacted. That no citizen of the United States shall be de prived of his life, liberty, or property, in saia erniory, except, Dy me judgment oi bis peers and the laws of the land, HOWELL COBB, Speaker of the House of Representatives. . WILLIAM R. KING, President of the Senate pro tempore. Approved, September 9, 1850. An act for the admission of the State of California into the Union. Whereas the people of California have presented a constitution and asked admis sion into the Union, which constitution was submitted to Congress by the President of the united States by message, dated reb thirteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty, and j which; on due examination, is found to be republican in its form of government Be. it enacted hn the Sentnte and House. of Representatives of the United Stales of America in (jOT,rress assembled, lhat the State of California sh and b hereb dedared United States of America, and a That the. State of Cal for-ia shall hA nnP one of the ! itt-c . juaa xiucj it--, auu auuiiLicu iu nlm! to the Union on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever. I 0 1 Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, until the representatives in Congress United States, the State of California shal be entitled to two representatives m Con o1""58' ' Sec. 3. And be it further enacted That the said State of California is admit ted into the Union upon the express condi tion that the people,of said State, through their Legislature or otherwise, shall never mienere wiui me primary uisposaj oi uie public lands within its limits, and shall pass no law and do "no act whereby the title of the United States to and right to dispose of I the same shall be impaired or questioned j and that they shall never lay any tax or as 1 sessment of any description whatsoever up on the public domain of the United States and in no rasa shall non-resident rwonrie 1 tors, who are citizens of the United States. be taxed higher, than residents; and that all the navigable waters within the said State shall be common highways and for- ever free, as well to the inhabitants of said State as to the citizens of the United States, 1 without any tax, impost, or duty therefor Provided, That nothing herein, contained 1 shall be construed as recognising or reject I ing the propositions tendered by the peopl of California as articles of compact in the ordinance adopted by the convention which formed the constitution of that State. j Approved, September 9, 1 850. AN ACT lo amend and supplementary to the act! entitled "An act respecuug f ugiiiyei from jus- i ticeand persons escaping from the service of their mirs," approved Tebraarv 12. 1793. lie it enacted bu the Senate and House nf - Bejtresentatives of the United States of America in Congress' assembled, That the persons who have been or may hereafter be appointed commissioners in virtue of any act of Congress by the circuit courts of the United States, and who, in consequence of such appointment, are authorized to exer cise the powers that any justice of the peace or other maristrate of any of the United States may exercise in respect to offenders ! for any crime or offence against the United i States, by arresting, imprisoning, or bail-) inr the same under and by virtue of the ' Uurty-jhird section of the act of the twenty- i f, .rfK of Rentember. seventeen hundred ! and eighty-nine, entitled "An act to estab- h the judicial courts of the United States," shall be and are hereby authorized and re quired to exercise and discharge all the powers and duties conferred bv this act. Sec. 2. And he it further enacted, That the superior court of each organized Terri tory of the United States shall have the same power to appoint commissioners to take acknowledgments of bail and aflida- its, and to take depositions of witnesses in civil causes which is now possessed by the circuit court of the United States; and all commissioners who shall hereafter be appointed for such purposes by the supe rior court of any organized Territory of the United States shall possess all the powers and exercise all the duties conferred by aw upon the commissioners appointed by the circuit courts of the United States for similar purposes, and shall moreover exer cise and discharge all the powers and du ties conferred by this act. 1 Sec. 3. And he it further enacted, lhat the circuit courts of the United States and the superior courts of each organized Ter ritory of the LTnited States shall from time to time enlarge the number of commission ers with a view to afford reasonable facili ties to reclaim fugitives from labor, and to the prompt discharge of the duties impos ed by this act. Sec. 4. And he it further enacted, lhat the commissioners above named shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the judges of the circuit and district courts ot the L nited States, in their respective circuits and dis tricts within the several States, and the judges of the superior courts of the Terri tories, severally and collectively, in term time and vacation; and shall grant certih- cates to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being made, with authonty to take and remove such fugitives from service or abor, under the restrictions herein con tained, to the State or Territory from which such persons may have escaped or fled. Sec. 5. And he it further enact:d, That it shall be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals to obey and execute all warrants and precepts issued under the provisions of this act, when to them direc ted; and should any marshal or deputy marshal refuse to receive such warrant or other process, when tendered, or to use all proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in the sum of one thousand dollars to j the use of such claimant, on the motion of such claimant, by the circuit or district court for the district of such marshal; and after arrest of such fugitive by such mar shal or his deputy, or whilst at any time in his custody tinder the provisions of this act, should sueh fugitive escape, whether with or without the assent of such marshal or his deputy, such marshal shall be liable on his official bond to be prosecuted for the benefit of such claimant, for the full value of the service or labor of said furtive in the State, Territory, or District whence he es caped; and the better to enable the said commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute their duties faithfully and efficient ly, in conformity with the requirements of the Constitution of the United States and of this act, they are hereby authorized and empowered, within their counties respec tively to appoint, in writing under their hands, any one or more suitable persons, from time to time, to execute all such war rants and other process as may be issued by them in the lawful performance of their respective duties, with authority to such commissioners, or the persons to be appoint ed by them, to execute process as aforesaid, to summon and call to their aid the bystan ders or posse comitatus of the proper, county, when necessary to ensure a faithful obser vance of the clause of the constitution re ferred to, in conformity with the provisions of this act; and all good citizens are hereby commanded to aid and assist in the prompt and efficient execution of this law, whenev er their services may be required, as afore said, for that purpose, and said warrants shall run and be executed by said officers any where in the State within which they are issued. Sec. 6. And he it further enacted, That when a person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the United States has heretofore or shall hereafter escape in to another State or Territory of the United States, the person or persons to whom such service or labor may be due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, "duly au thorized, by power of attorney, in writing, acknowledged and certified under the seal of some legal officer or court of the State or Territory in which the same may be execu ted, may pursue and reclaim such fugitive person, either by procuring a warrant from some one of the courts, judges, or commis sioners aforesaid, of the proper circuit, dis trict, or county, for the - apprehension of such furtive 'from serv ice or labor, or by . . 0 . seizing and arresting such fugitive, where the same can be done without process, and by taking, or causing such person to be" ta ken, forthwith before such court, judge, or commissioner, whose duty it shall be to hear and determine the case of such claim ant in a summary manner; and upon satis factory proof being- made, by deposition or affidavit, in writing, to be taken and certifi ed by such court, judge, or commissioner, or "by other satisfactory testimony, duly taken and certified by some court, magis trate justice of the peace, or other legal offi cer authorized to administer an oath and take depositions under the laws of the State or Territory from which such person owing service or labor may have escaped, with a certificate of such magistracy or other au thority, as aforesaid, with the seal of the proper court or officer thereto attached, which seal shall be sufficient to establish the competency of the proof, and with proof, also by affidavit, of the identity of the per son whose service or labor is claimed to be due as aforesaid, Jiat the person so arrest ed does in fact owe service or labor to the person or persons claiming him or her, in the State or Territory from which such fu- gitive may have escaped as aforesaid, and lhat ga:d reTSOn escaped, to make out and , ,. . vt- v aeuver io sucn Claimant ms or iier ageui ur attorney, a certificate setting forth the sub- stantial facts as to the service or labor due from such fugitive to the claimant, and of i his or her escape from the State or Territo ry m which such service or labor was due, to the State or Territory in which he or she was arrested, with authority to such claim ant, or his or her atrent or attorney, to use I such reasonable force and restraint as may j he necessary, under the circumstances of j me case, io lane ana remove sucn iugiuve Person back to the State or Territory whence he or she may have escaped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing under this act shall the testimony of such alleged fugitive be admitted in evidence; and the certificates in mis ana me nrst section menuoneu Mian ue J ! ! : J .1.-11 L. conclusive of the right of the person or per sons in whose favor granted to remove such fugitive to the State or Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent all molesta tion of such person or persons by any pro cess issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or other person whomsoever. Sec. 7. And he it further enacted, That any person who shall knowingly and will ingly obstruct, hinder, or prevent such claimant, his agent or attorney, or any per son or persons lawfully assisting him, her, or them, from arresting such a fugitive from service or labor, either with or without pro cess as aforesaid; or shall rescue, or attempt to rescue, such fugitive from service or la bor from the custody of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person or persons lawfully assisting as aforesaid. when so arrested, pursuant to the authority herein given and declared, or shall aid, abet, or assist such person so owing service or labor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to escape from such claimant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally authorized as aforesaid; or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the disco-ery and arrest Of such person, after notice or knowledge of the fact that such person was a fugitive from serv ice or labor, as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thou sand dollars, and imprisonment not exceed ing six months, by indictment and convic tion before the district court of the United States for the district in which such offence may have been committed, or before the district court of the United States for the district in which such offence may have been committed, or before the proper court of criminal jurisdiction, if committed w ith in an)- one of the organized Territories of the United States; and shall moreover for feit and pay, by way of civil damages, to the party injured by such illegal conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars for each fugitive so lostas aforesaid, to be recovered by action of debt, in any of the district or territorial courts aforesaid, w ithin whose jurisdiction the said offence may have been committed. Sec. 8. And he it further enacted, That the marshals, their deputies, and the ck iks of the said district and territorial courts, shall be paid for their services the like fees as may be allowed to them for similar ser vices h other cases; and where such servi- s are rendered exclusively in the arrest, custody, and delivery of the fugitive to the claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or where such supposed fugitive may be dis charged out of custody for the want of suffi cient proof as aforesaid, then such fees are to be paid in the whole by such claimant, his agent or attorney; and in all cases where the proceedings are be fore a commissioner, he shall be entitled to a fee of ten dollars in full for his services in each case, upon the delivery of the said certificate to the claim ant, his or her agent or attorney; or a fee of five dollars in cases where the proof shal! not in the opinion of such commissioner, warrant such certificate and delivery, in clusive of all services incident to such ar rest and examination, to be paid, in either case, by the claimant, his or her agent or attorney. The person or persons author ized to execute the process to be issued by such commissioners for the arrest and de tention of fujritives from services of labor as aforesaid, shall also be entitled to a fee of five dollars each for each person, he or they may arrest and take before any such com missioner as aforesaid, at the instance and request of such claimant, with such other fees as may be deemed reasonable by such commissioner for such other additional ser vices as may be necessarily performed by him or them; such as attending at the ex amination, keeping the fugitive in custody, and providing him with food and lodging during his detention, and until the final de termination of such commissioner; and in general for performing such other duties as may be required by such claimant, his or her attorney or agent, or commissioner in the premises; such fees to be made up in conformity with the fees usually charged by the officers of the courts of justice within the proper district or county, as near as may be practicable, and paid by such claim ants, their agents or attorneys, whether such supposed fugitives from service or la bor be ordered to be delivered to such claimants by the final determination of such commissioners or not. Sec. 9. And he it further enacted, That upon affidavit made by the claimant of such fugitive, his agent or attorney, after such certificate has been issued, that he has rea son to apprehend that such fugitive will be rescued by force from his or their posses sion before he can be taken beyond the lim its of the State in which the arrest is made, it hall be the duty of the officer making the arrest to retain such fugitive in his cus- tody. and to remove him to the State whence i ' n i iii i ii" , . , i Xls VA j ailU HAV. J. V W Ut.il VI JLllJLU w oam Tt fl .! Y-sl 4r 1 1 m- i Vt --s1. claimant, his agent or attorney. And to this end, the officer aforesaid is hereby au thorized and required to employ so many persons as he may deem necessary to over come such force, and to retain them in his service so long as circumstances may re quire. The said officer and his assistants, while so employed, to receive the same com pensation, and to be allowed the same ex penses, as - are now allowed by law for the transportation of criminals, to be certified by the judge of the district within which the arrest is made, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. Sec. 10. And he it further enacted, That when any person held to service or labor in any State or Territory, or in the District of Columbia, shall escape therefrom, the party to whom such service or labor shall be due, his.her, or their agent or attorney, may ap ply to any court of record therein, or judge thereof in vacation, and make satisfactory proof to such court, or judge in vacation, of the escape aforesaid, and that the person escaping owed service or labor to such party. Whereupon the court shall cause a record i to be made of the matters so proved, and also a general description of the person so escaping, with such convenient certainty m may be; and a transcript of such record, au thenticated by the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of the said court, being pro- duced in any other State, Territory, or Dis- tnct in which the person so escaping may be found, and being exhibited to any judge, commissioner, or other officer authorized by the law of the United States to cause per- sons escaping from service or labor to be delivered up, shall be held and taken to be full and conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and that the service, or labor of the person escaping is due to the party in such record mentioned. And upon the produc tion by the said party of other and further evidence, if necessary, either oral or by affi davit, in addition to what is contained in the said record of the identity of the person escaping, he or she shall be delivered up to the claimant. And the said court, comruis sioner, judge, or other person authorized by this act to grant certificates to claimants of fugitives, shall, upon the production of the record and other evidences aforesaid, grant to such claimant a certificate bf his right to take any such person identified, and proved to be owing service or labor as afore said, which certificate shall authorize such claimant to seize or arrest and transport such person to the State or Territory frenr which he escaped: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed as re quiring the production of a transcript of such record as evidence as aforesaid. But in its absence the cla;m shall be heard and determined upon other satisfactory proofa competent in law. Approved, September 18,1 850. AN ACT to feuppirs the Slave trade in the Dis trict of Columbia. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That from and after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and fifty-one, it shall not be lawful to bring into the l)istrict of Colum bia any slave whatever for the purpose of being sold, or for the purpose of beingplae ed in depot, to be subsequently transferred to any other State or place, to be sold as merchandise. And if any slave shall be brought into the said District by its owner, or by the authority or consent of its owner, contrary to the provisions of this act, such slave shall thereupon become liberated and free. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted '.That it shall and may be lawful for each oftL. Corporations of the cities of Washington and Georgetown, from time to time, and as oft en as may be necessary, to abate, break up, and abolish any depot or place of confine ment of slaves brought into the said District as merchandise, contrary to the provisions of this act, by such appropriate means a may appear to either of the said Corpora tions expedient and proper. And the same power is hereby vested in the levy court of Washington county, if any attempt shall be made whhin its jurisdictional limits to estab lish a depot or place of confinement for slaves brought into the said District as mer chandise for sale contrary t this act. Ajproved, September 20, 105'). Mode of Cultivating Cotton The follo'wing mode ol cuitivating cotton, is that which is pursued by Mr. Glen, a "successful cotton planter, of Pendleton, South Carolina: "As soon as the cotton U up, so they can see generally along the row, he runs around it with a plow, with a board so fixed as to throw the dirt a- way from tlio young cotton, and let the sun into the roots. Then, so soon as the third leaf can be seen in places, he begins to hoe to a stand, and lets all other farm business wait till lie get his whole crop to a stand. This third leaf is tonally seen be tween the tenth and fifteenth of May, and by the last of May he has it all brought to a stand. If this be done by the last of May he tliinks hi crop pretty well made. Thinning to a stand he means to bring it to one stalk in a place, ten in ches apart on poor land, fifteen inches on better, and twenty inches on rich or manured land. He is very particu lar to leave no more than one stalk in a place. The first hoeing commences with the appearance of the tltird leaf, which gen erally will be about two Weeks after the running round. This hoeing should leave no grass. In about a week after the hoes start, the plows should follow, and, with a mold board, throw about as much earth to the cotton as the hoes has taken away. Then the buzzard follows and bursts out the middle. He continues working in the same way throughout the crop, that is, the hoes going before and the plows following, and lays by the middle or 20th of July, lie plants the white seed. - ' SiiADrso the Eyes. Some people cover their eyes with" green' or other shades when anything is "the matter with them. This is wrong. It is now ascertained by the best occulists that shades injures the sight instead of strengthening it, from their creating heat and inflamation in the parts affec ted. If the eye be injured, and light insupportable, it is best to tie a cool linen handkerchief over it. We heard it stated as a curious fact, when the English army returned from Egypt those soldiers were least affected withj ophthalmia who had worn no fronts to their hats. Dhy Fket. We will give our read ers a receipt for making boots water proof; which is worth more than our subscription price to any person who will try it. Moisture generally pene trates the soles of boots the upper leather is not easily wet, and is sily dried. To render the sole impervious to water, order your bootmaker to cut pieces of canvass in the proper shape, dip them in melted pitch or tar, and lay them upon the inner soles before putting on the outer soles of the boots. This simple process will insure dry feet without making the boot clumsy. We have tried the experiment, and would advise all whose soles are afflicted with cold or dampness, to do the same. -'