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The Clarion: Wednesday, March 28, 1883.
4 The Clarion. HI FOWPSX 4 BAUKSDALK OfficUl Journal of the Stale of Mississippi. ONE YEAK. -UTIil MONTHS, Si M t ou E'Jr.r' l at IS' PnSnfier at Jtrkton at Sr-wvt-'bin Mail Natter. Representative Holman of India na, is in the race for Speaker. He is a good man. TlIK State J:trd of Health will inert in Jackson on Monday next, the 2d of April. T'lE Kailroad ( 'oin mission bill has passed the Tennessee I Ummm of Represen tat ires by a majority of nearly two t" one. Tin: Hotly Springs correspondent f thi' Appeal given an unfavorable report of the prospects of the early Completion of the Itoad from Memphis to Molly Springs in consequence f the failure of 31 r. Fred. Woifii- to comply with hii engagements to the contract. t will be remonibered that Hob, . R. Singleton gives notice that a com petitive examination for Cadet to Mist Point Academy, from the 6th ( Son- gnmional District of Mississippi, will he hold at the State House in Jackson on Thursday, 12th of April, IKH.'l. No ip. pointment will bo undo io the 7th Dis trict under the new apportionment, until 1885. Mit. If. ('. Conn, the efficient organ izer under whose lead the Democracy won thier victory, in Oopiah in the last election, has eullel a meeting of the Democratic Conservative Executive Committee of Oopbtfa comity at Ila.le UUnt, on Monday, the T.U of April. And the Signal savs that the people of Copiah count j will elect the regular 1 1 ticket tins lime trom top to bottom. Tin: New Internal Revenue haw. recently paaaed by Congress, provides thai on ami after Miiv Jut, 1888, the tax on cigan win ne rcuircea irom six dol lars to three dollars jxr thousand, and tbut a rebate will be allowed on stock on hand, in unbroken packages, stamped tip to May 1st, 1888. But it will all end in smoke. Box. D. T. (Ipvton, a staunch granger, ami Democrat with a good legis lative record, is a candidate for the Sen atorial nomination in the 17th District. With opportunity of ft choice between Mm and l. h. Smvthe the 1), ninc racy of the District canuot fail to make a good nomination. Among the inalienable rights of man arc life, liberty and the pursuit of bap plness; also the right of each individual to receive the full product of his own labor. Any interference by government w ith the enjoyment of this right by ap propriatingtheearalnga or one person or Class, to the benefit of another, i.-t rob bery tinder the forms of law. "A Mississippi Woman." In our last issue we ventured to reveal the authorship of the series of able arti cles which have appeared IuThkCi.arion in behalf of female education. The types, however, made us say Mrs. 10. A. Peyton Instead of Mrs. R. (i. PeytOU, the accom plished w ife of the very able Chancellor of the ninth District. Tin: beautiful poem, "Charity," w hich we publish to day, i., from the pen of Mrs. A. F, Vox, of Walthall, Miss. We hope to have other contributions from this gifted writer. Immigration Department. Maj. E (i. Wall, Commissioner of Im migration and Agriculture, has thus far distributed about twenty thousand copies of his English edition of Hand-hook of Mississippi, The demand for them still Continues, and comes from every section of the United Slates and other parts of the English speaking world. Maj. Wall and his energetic staff are prosecuting the business or the Immigration Depart ment as efficiently as It can be done in the judicious distribution of documents, and in prompt attention tea very heavy and increasing correspondence. Tin: Cotton Exhibition of 1881, which was held at Atlanta, Georgia, has proved t" have been of great profit to that city, and indirectly to the whole South, by draw Ipg to it capital for permanent in vestment and productive improvements. Since that Ume 1,500,000 capital, giving employment to 2000 persons, who receive annually in wages $800,000, has been forested at Atlanta. A grain elevator and a cotton compress have been built; a spinning company has conmletcd n,i nearly filled its capacious building with vwuin W ltn machinery, and is preparing to double its capacity ; the great fair building has 1 i. i -i i , : r. I . .. ... I Lm a. ... been purchased by a company with capital of $250,000, and is half tilled with machinery; companies have bet v....... .... M,ij n ppa ra i i,s to pre- pare cotton for the spinner; fertilizer ...,.i ..,... .r.. i i formed for building apparatus to pre tnblished in end near tho city; and ... w . . v .. . i , . UVUH VCV i i ... ' concern has been onranizM for tb. man. ufacturc of oleomargarine. The Odious Internal Revenue Sys tem. It is suggested that of all the (office and blunders of which the Forty-seventh Congress was guilty, of all its nune-rous sin of commission and omission, the in(st foolish and on of the most fatal politically, was Its failure to alsilish or greatly reduce tie- internal revenue taxes. We would amend the complaint by saying that the refusal to change the laws, for collecting th' revenue, so as to economize and simplify it, was the most reprehensible, The Ooagross did reduce the tax, but did not diminish the iiiiiiiIkt of CoUeCtOrS, informers, detectives, rangers, and scribes, employed ha collect ing it. Tic aggregate cost of tho service amounts to about 15,000,000 per annum. It is, however, put down to the credit of the Hon-.- of Representatives that it adopted an amendment to the Exec ntive, Legislative, and Judicial Appro priation bill, reducing the number of internal revenue collection districts to eighty The amendment for some rea son was rejected by the Senate. The next the unit is now fixed at 181, longross should abolish the The whol hinerv, or 1 ailing in tii.a rci luc number of collectors to UK sent division. One thing is certain. The next Con es is pledged to substitute material forms in the internal revenue system: and the people will haw especial cause of complaint against the House of Rep resentatlvea Which will be largely under the control of the alleged Revenue Re form party, if it does not prove its faith by its works in a very substantial manner. Postmaster at New Orleans. Pending the existing contest over the 'ost mastership at New Orleans, it was published that Governor Lowry was mspicious and active in behalf of Hon. W. 15. Men bant, the successful aspirant, and inquiry has been made as to the cause. We will answer that Mr. Mer chant is a native of Bast Mississippi Smith county the son of the late Rev. .lames Merchant, a Baptist minister who lived near Raleigh, the county site, and is kindly remembered for his estimable qualities by the older citizens of that region, some of wh are nearly related to him. When Robert Lowry was a boy to "fame and fortune unknown," strug gling to make his way in the world, the Rev. Mr. Merchant was his warm friend. In early life, the son, W. II. Merchant, emigrated to Texas, and thence removed to Louisiana, and acquired such promi nence at the bar as to be chosen District Attorney, lie drifted into he Republi can party, without, however, becom ing specially objectionable by advo cating the measures of tyranny and pro serin hou which have mai l- if oilioos to UfOstof the Southern white people. In in lato contest, Gov. Lowry found op portunity to repay the kindness of which he had been the recipient, in his boy hood, and w ho will say thai his course was not characteristically generous and noble? In tho event of the election Mr. Carlisle speaker, the following are sug gested as the probable chairmanship of the important committees: Ways and Means, Tinker id' Virginia: Annronrin- v. ' II 1 tiOns, hlackbtirn of Kentucky; Elections. Cox of New York; Foreign Affairs, Ea ton Oi Onnecticut; Naval Affairs, Hew itt of New York; Post Offices. Snrinimr Lf Illinois; Judiciary, Randall of lYnn- yivania; ruiuie Ijtimls, Converse of Ohio; Pacific Railroads, Dunn of Arkan sas; Claims, Morrison of Illinois: Al- culture, Hatch of Missouri; Commerce, Lteagan of rexes: Huekner. for the Committee on Ranking and Currency, a-id Bland for that on Coinage. That would be in admirable arrangement provided Hammond of Georgia was placed at the head of the Judiciary and Kandall Ol I "ennsylvania of Appropria tions, with a good man, say Casey Young O Memphis, at the head of Mississippi River Committee. The Importation of Gold. Philadelphia Ledger: The stream of gold which is coming across the ocean from Europe has reached the large total of $4,850,000, all of it yet atloat, but still exerting the moral force of the an ticipated arrival in rchovino the strin gency of the New York money market. Tin: New Orleans Times-Democrat says that the beneficial often of ehv Ing Bonnet Carre crevasse are already beginning to be felt in Lake Pontchar train and along Mississippi sound. At this time last year a Hood of river w-itnr J wu HU I UCI wn8 Il,ur'K into the Lake in torrents nnJ tkOOgl the ItigoleUs into the Sound; f.lliu v m it- it " ..11 .1 :IV A 1 ,1 . . . this year it is all different, and the water f Lake Ponehartrain, instead of being the mild, insipid mixture ofViverand sea inl,,,,MU nnu oiion- to ytcrs and fish, hj now quite brinv. water it then was, distasteful and oll'en AiTF.aabricf illness, tho Postmaster- "rlcl '""t-ss, me rostmaster- finnn...i u... r .. ... Kenosha, Wisconsin, on the 25th. Tom Ocniltree's Case Fairly Stated. ; St Louts Republican: In arguing the qnsetion as to the right of the national i government to withhold a congressman's ! alary under certain circumstances,1 brought on by the Ochiltree affair, the prime facts in the case and the rules of common sense seem to have bsSjBJ en tirely lost sight of. The case stands thuS: Ochiltree was I'nited States mar shal in Texas. At the 'Xpiration of his term of office there wjis a deficiency in hi- SOOOUnte with the government of ten thousand dollars, which it seems, has never been paid, Now Ochiltree comes to the national treasury for his wages as congressman. The fact of - whether a congressman is a state or national office cuts no figure in the ease the national government is the party to whom he looks for his money. If he owes the gov trnmcnt ten thousand dollars it would seem that the government has the right t' w ithhold any sum up to that amount which liiay he din- him, so matter for what service. If A OWeS R two dollars Wd refuses to pay, and 15 gels hold of one dollar of A's money, common sense dictates that he should hold on to it and generally does ho. What is justice for the individual is justice forthe na tion. 'I in: Aberdeen Examiner says that tie- amendment offered in the Senate to the bill Increasing the pension of tJnion soldiers, granting a pension to Mexican and Indian war veterans, was defeated because it was "ill-timed." It interfer ed with the scheme of the demagogues from the Northern States who were pan dering to their constituents. That is the only pretence. It was not "ill-timed" as n measure of long delayed justice to the survivors of an army which obtained from an insolent and aggressive foreign foe, indemity for the past and security for the future, in the acquisition of an empire which has added untold wealth and immense territory to the resources of the country. CAPT. BAPS, who lately resigned as a member of the Mississippi River Com mission, demonstrated that from the mouth of Red River by way of the pres ent channel of the Mississippi river, it is nearly twice as far BS by the Atchafalaya channel, and hence the current in the short route to the sea is just so much more rapid and correspondingly increased erosive power. The Atchafalaya in the p ist dozen years has increased in depth aid carrying power until from a small bayou fordable by horses it is now a river 1,200 feet wide and 100 feet deep, and constantly growing in volume. OaptEadsmade a strong argument to induce the Commission to adopt imme diate and vigorous measures to arrest the tendency of tie- river to leave its present channel and take to Atchafalaya, but his advice was not accepted. The consciences of such a deflection of the river would be fatal to New Orleans and the lmmease interest dependent upon it. Favoritism to Monopolies. in the ten years from 1S(2 to 1871, In clusive, tin) following grants of lands were made to railroad corporations, ae- cording to the records of the interior de partments hands located in Acres gran tad. 1,478 (ftn 1,000,000 'J.t).r.",()ll) l.K'JJtS 2,U,7W ft,10!i,177 '2.5 0,000 4,840,000 fi.42n.P00 9,060,00 Alabama , Loultinna rksnssa Missouri Iowa M Ichigan Wisconsin Minnesota Kansas nalifofnla Oregon 2,8tiO,00(i Union Pacific. Csntnl Paolfto and Kansas Pioiflo 89.000,000 Northern Paoifia 47,000,000 Atlantic A Psolfio 42,000,000 Southern Pncifie ft nm OOfi Central Pacific 24S Tftfl Texas Psolfio t3,40O,O:K) In all, 21)(!.000,000 acres of the public domain, eipial to all of New England, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Mary land, Ohio and Indiana. Hon. JaNES F. McCooL, one of our present members of the, Legislature for Attala county, announces his name in this issue for re-election. He is well known, having served the people faith fully as a law maker, and being one of those aspiring men who never go down but up. lie is entitled to much credit for the position he has attained in the county and before his fellow citizens, for what he is he made of himself, not, bav ins' the adventitious aids of fortune nor an education thrust upon him. It is saying onougn tor nun to say that it re elected, he will be faithful in the future as in the past. Kosciusko Star. That be has been faithful in the past, none will deny. He ranked with the best and ablest men in the legislature. With farmer Sanders, and lawyer Me Cool to represent her, Attala will rest content that her interests will be safely guarded. The St. Louis llailway Register says thtt the principal event of the Illinois Central for 1SS3 will be the construction of feeders in Mississippi. Tho earnings of the Central for 1889 amounted to $8,905,312, an increase over those of the previous year of 818,914. The net earn ings for tho same time were $3,060,709 which were $433,587 more than in 1881. The Next Chancellor. A remark was made in our presence, a shaft time ago, intimating that it was supposed, or understood, that a certain gentleman in this District would be ap pointed Chancellor. Now, when we re rueniber that this matter has scarcely been sjKken of, if at all, publicly, the query comes into our mind, about thus: Was this matter farmed out during the last campaign ? Was Governor Lowry induc ed to sell the office for some particular or special services to be rendered by some who wen- ready to sell their influence in order that certain ends might be attain el'.' There was no necessity, it seems to US, for Gov. Lowry to promise, or inti mate, that he would bestow an office on any particular person, in order to secure hh) own election, and we would regret to know that he had done ho, unless he could have known, of a positive certain ty, that the appointment would prove satisfactory t the people. No little ring should be allowed to control the matter. Let it hi- discussed, and by so doing the people will know w hat is going on; why are applicants for office, etc.. and have an opportunity to name their preferences, discuso merits, etc. Let the mantle be placed upon one whose experi ence and acquaintance with the law make him entirely competent to dis charge the duties of this important posi tion with that ability necessary to make him worthy of the robe he wears. Corinth 8ub-8oller. Nothing could he mere unjust than the above article from a contemporary which is usually moderate and conser vative. It will be seen that a violent presumption is predicated upon the very flimsiest foundation. Somebody has been heard to express a belief that somebody else would be appoint ed Chancellor; and the suggestion is propounded in lie- form of a pointed inquiry, ''was Oov, Lowry induced to si ll the office" for some vague and unde fined purpose not explained by our con temporary. In order to put an end to surmises and theories On tie- subject, we fee! authorized to assert in terms as comprehensive OS can be conceived, that there is not the shade of a shadow of ground for the imputation of the Sub Boiler. There is no man, nor the friend of any man. in any judicial District, who can say that the Governor has ever promised or remotely intimated that he Would confer upon him the otlicc of Chancellor, or any other otlicc w hatever. He accepted the nomination for Gov ernor untrammelled by pledgesor obliga tions of any sort, with perfect freedom to follow the dictates of his conscience and judgment in making appointments. He has not forecasted them by the slightest intimation, and is not responsi ble for the opinions or surmises that persona may choose to indulge. Two deaths from small-pox in the State are recorded by recent exchanges - .Mr. Murphy McDonald, a worthy citi zen of Neshoba, who contracted tlw dis ease soon after returning from a trip to Louisiana. The Other case was that of a man named George Bird who has been for some years in the county poor house of Rankin. It is supposed that his sick ness was caught from a sick tramp, it is evident that the loath-some disease is abroad in the State, and county health authorities cannot exercise two much vigilance in staving its march. Tin: pension claim sharks expect to reap a heavy harvest from the act passed by the late Congress, under which the pensions of Union, soldiers who had lost one hand 6r foot, were raised from $18 to $24 per month, and of those who had lost one arm at or above the elbow or a leg at or above the knee, from $24 to $30 a month. They have scattered thous ands of circulars through the country calling attention to the new act and ask ing for any business, that might flow out of it. CovKKNoK Cleveland's veto of the bill reducing the fare-rate on the elevated railroads in New York city from 10 to 5 cents, the N. Y. Herald says, has killed Cleveland as a Democratic candidate for tho Presidency, day Gould & Co. arc much more powerful than all the rest of the people of New York. The Herald Charges and proves that Cleveland has gone back on the platform on which he was elected. THEKansas L-gislatureh:isjust passed, and the Governor has approved, a Rail road bill. This makes the twenty-fourth State. Tho bill provides for the ap pointment of a Commission with power to regulate freight traffic It fixes tho ma xi mum charge for passenger transpor tation at S cents per mile. The Commissioners of Election in New Orleans indicted for fraudulent eonduct in the management of the late Congressional elections, have been tried in the U. S. Circuit Court, and found ''not' guilty." Wm are gratified that Hon. T. J. Wood D announced as a candidate for re-elec-ft,, ,1... l .ti. -hi-.., , . . .luinuHicuijra.imri-iii UKlloueUH. ilia serv ice in tho late body was such as to commend him to tho favor anjl confi dence of his constituents. ' PhcDnix-likc, the Meridian Mercury has sprung from its ashes, brighter and fresher than ever. May its youth be perpetual. Centre-Shots. The New York Herald says that Con gress finally succeeded in passing a tarifl bill which satisfies no one who had any part in it, and vhich cannot fail to out rage every one who had a tariff opinion of anv kind. Replying to the argument against the government issuing and controlling the currency, that it is pot safe to trust Con gress with so much power, the American Sentry says it is much safer to trust this matter of currency to the control of men who are responsible to the people, rather than to banking corporations who are not responsible to any one. The South, the Nashville American observes, now is regarded by the live, sagacious men of this country as an old country, with all the advantages of so cial life, and without the rugged ven tures and severe hardships of a new country, and yet w ith all the 'possibili ties id' a new country indeed, with more than the possibilities, because the wealth has been discovered, but not rijhj propria ted. Commenting on the fact that in Scot land Lord Bute is building a palace which will coat $1,250,000, and in the United states Vanderbyt, another mon ey baron, hasbuilta stable costing $100, 000, and is worth $150,000,000, half of which is not taxed at all, a contemporary thinks there is something radically wrong in the special legislation which leads to these accumulations. A peculiarity of the plutocrats, it is remarked, runs out towards fine horses, not men. It has been so from the earl iest history. 'A Roman despot made his horse a high dignitary. The plutocrat builds splendid stables for their stallions, but they waste no money on men. The average man does not have half as much Consideration with him in this world as his thoroughbred. The .Memphis Avalanche shrewdly suggest.) that it is the safest way to wait until a man is dead before putting his likeness on a coin or his name to a com -ty. Arkansas has just changed the names of layton and Dorsey counth a to Clay and DeSoto; and t save possible future trouble, the proposal to put Grant's likeness, in pkee of Jackson's Oh tho two-cent po.-ta-e stamp, maybe postponed until we know the final re sult of Ulysses's voyage. The Dayt .n Hmpire says tl at the Re publican party has succeede 1 principal ly by plundering the public treasury, stealing the public lands, and dividing them up among their political leaders of the people, and the officers of railroads and other great carrying, manufacturing, and banking or moneyed corporations. It is said that out of an aggregate of about two thousand million acres of land owned by the Government since its foundation, only about two hundred and fifty million acres remain in its pos session. All the balance has been grant ed to the States, or railroad corporations, principally the latter. The grants to the States were made previous to the war, and were for the general good of the citizens Of the SL.-ites in which the lands were located. The grants to railroad corpora tions have been made almost wholly by the Republican party and many of the Senators and Representatives of that party have made colossal fortunes by voting for them, or taking stock in rail road corporations to which they were granted. Tin- Michigan Democrats, in their State Convention, have declared for "a tariff for revenue only." That is what we call facing the music. The Courier-Journal, speaking of the Married Women's Property Act, recent ly passed by Parliament, says that the law is eminently proper. A married woman should have the right to do with her own money what she will, and to protect herself from the predatory dis position of a lazy hound of a husband, if she is cursed with such a husband. It is aptly said that the last Congress reduced the internal revenue; to the next one will belong the task of reducing the cost of the system. The World hits the nail on the head rhe Republicans found the black man ignorant of polities and used him for their own purposes, and dull as thev think him, he has found them out. The Cincinnati Enquirer says that the salary of the Civil Sw.ice Commission .so,.,waycar each, but there is not much likelihood or their earning it. TriBTunclo vb " uapt .las. Kineanuon's rriemla 'ir i Hi-; I r to stand for representative in the county (Lee) canvas, and thinks it will have the pleasure of announcing him for that position soon. Long and intimate ac quaintance with Captain Kincannon, and knowledge of his qualifications, ins! tify asm saying that his county could not confide her interest to the keeping of a better man. Railroad Economy w8 6 In our last we pointed out some of th. difficulties of making a freight tariff but the subject was by no means ex lau ted. The peculiarity in rail transpwLt tion, that the company are not onl freighters but innrcn, has compelled the making of what is known as "clas-v tication," or freights are classed N0 i 2, !5 or 4, but there are some that a hZ Hirers would .-ay, are extra valuable and are classed as double-first class-such as fine furniture, pianos, looking Klaesu etc., then there are some that are wW insurers would call extra hazardous-, such as powder, acids, explosive oils, eu which are classed as " special" ths making of a classification is perhaps at difficult as the making of the tariff of prices. Then there arc questions of distance for however much it may be desired that all freights should be uniform per mik a moment's reflection will convince the most pronic advocate for it that no company can carry freight twenty mile for one-fifth of what it can carry h oae hundred milesthe expense and risk of handling is the same in one ease as the other, and what wouW be remunerative in the case of one, hundred miles, would be a positive loss intwenty niile3. There is then the question of competitive points w here the company cannot dic tate rates but must be governed by cir cumstances. There is yet another ques tion, and, to the railroads operated in our State, of great importance, as thsy run through a strictly agricultural coua trv products of which are so largely in oneyirection, as to produce a want of "equalization of tonnage" that is embar rassing. Toillustrate: Rook at the statu tics of the roads passing through our State and ending at New Orleans, Mo bile, Memphis, Vicksburg and Natchez, and you will discover that of every three ears delivered full at those points, only a little more than one is returned filled, and this condition must continue until our industries are more diversified and our country developed. The reader who has followed me, will, I am sure, come t ) the conclusion that the making of a freight tariff" is one of great difficulty, and requires great experience large knowledge of the character and volume of the traffic, and that it is unreasonable to presume that any one man ca.i he found competent to it. Let us now enquire who the wise men are who make these tariffs. Ther.i are some ten different railroad companies wh i operate in our State, and they each have a board of directors of fully nine in number, aggregating in all niacty, now I gre itly doubt whether ten of these ninety, or an average of one t) each company, ever examined the freight tariff; or can tell you anything about it; or of the ten presidents, I greatly doubt whether more than one, or at the most two, had anything to do with tho mak ing of it, or have any knowledge about it. To whom, then, is this delicate and difficult duty left I answer, to what is called the "General freight Agent," and he representing only the interest of the railroad with generally Httlcknowl edge of the wants, and less regard for the interest of the people npan whom he levies arbitrarily the tax io long as he collects a revenue satisfactory to the managers, it matters not what ine qualities or discriminations are made, and it is in his power to make special rates to large shippers and consignees, which is not unfrequently done by means of rebates, commissions, etc., whorcby one class of patrons are given a decideo advantage over others. OBSERVER. Tin: friends with whom the lato Mr. Wiley P. Harris, Jr.,' boarded in St. Louis, have paid this touching tribute to his memory in a paper of that city. The fidelity of the description of hiageu erous nature will be recognized by all who kuew him: "IK MEMORY." Died In St. Louis, March lGtli, 18$, Wii.ET P. Harris, youngest son of Judge W. I'. Harris, of Jackson, Mississippi, age U years Patient and uncomplaining b lived and died. A young flow r nipped in us prime by the cruel hand of dosth. Around our fireside we will miss him, Sod no one can ever fill his place in our heart, beca use we hived him so. But to God oar rather we submit him and he who note the sparrow's fall will gather him houif to Ins own. His manly, noble snd sterling quaht es won for him a host of friends who mourn for his loss us one of their own Hi pnreness and goodness had nude him ua6t to bnttle with the stern necessities of life, J uod, to show bis tender merey, has relieved him of his burdens. Kcst in peace. "One, by one we cross the river, To our house bey.-nd the skies ; n here we'll meet and 1 ve forever, And where f , iendship never dies." His Fnis.nM, Dewittson Itucker and wife Alice. Tin: Enterprise Courier, which has s quiet way of paying the rktfat word at the right time, suggests that "unless the question of railroad supervision is de finitely settled by th next Legislature of Mississippi it is Wkely to remain a troublesome question in tho politics of tho State. The Dcmocnic party i com mitted to supervision, but the Democrat ic Legislature has so far failed to carry out the pledges of the party." The Courier says further, that in East Mis sissippi the people arc almost unani mously in favor of supervision, and srs becoming restless because their wishes are not carried out.