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The clarion. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1883-1888, August 22, 1883, Image 1

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e Clarion.
, gut Tils. " w
, jtoSTa.- - - w
..i.re -noma oe wmmm or pomimtr oruer
. . P CaaU "S Ww. .. . -' . S 1 . .a
MtU-hen rMiiooslNc lot Uxm.
LC-,4tm to lend ich "uhscriNT 1 noUc
r ' . . ...1 .k-i I '..1 -fcltaaal in nta-st..
fw-nins. as- rfer of IA jaurtoU wmri be
n v, Bt one rear for the ua Mated :
U - . f. a aa 11 . M A
I OrK?' ' , , 5 CO
U Wklv Herald. - J SO
Arrwnifrarlt, N. V . I 50
r' Jtoathly, - 4 5
I, Weekly, - 4 7S
V, Bazar, ( Weekly) 4 ti
.. Younz IVi.lf, 'Weeklr) - 75
rmn--.oTi. Boston, (WesklTi, 3
or- Wwkly iiettld
Ni.-"dit, Meridian;,
t tlVcoril, (OintoB),
Advertisins Kates.
. 3 00
3 00
1 W. S W. 4 W. J K.13 . 4 .
h 1 00S1 75 t. V':l (rt ft o47 0O;i2 50 20
i 00 3 00 4 Vf r, 0l' 1 U" II 00 HO 30
?, fK 1 Vl 6 '0 7 Sfl 12 VM6 W) l 40
In C J i 0J 10 00 17 0"20 00 SO
, 0 00 IS 012 20 00. .t0 00' 4S
H'l 10 OUT. OO 15 00 2" 00 S.5 00." 0O S0
1. 00,11 01: 17 30.33 0040 0O,60 o")0l
. '. - J,- . -. nv t: 011 vi o(i ri." otkSo 'jo 1 10
IjfC.)! - .,, vi rtJr ftf'0 Ort-'IOO '1V '".Vl
.li,a -.-'i..t tir.t inrtioil. Mil!''
berviM '; ';,, . 7 ten per cent. UI be allowed
vTeed. n all contract f S10
jpnain..-- n y. j--rted t the rate pre-
iX-'! " ' '" ' ,1'.- r K-rwinl. rt in-rtion ;
Brit1 '' ' , i:,inl iiu-Ttion, and 75 cent foi
iJ'-'-' ' . . . .i, rut! iaiKTtwl for a lonuar
li ' ..,t,t niot i-Dd thci uf ?olid
. . aadtaaa, to appear on locni pag
grt.li!,. m y , ne .j, insertion.
rflPTV. r :, l nSl, S hty will b..
ttoa reports come from
was I he worins are ltriPPi,,g thc
u-re, from the plants and attacking the
MI, and it said that in many dis-eae-foturth
of a crop will not b
UW i- a prospect of a new postal
Iterapfa company which may in the
prove H formidahk rival to the
festen Unioa The new compam
,rated June M, 1S1, by Henry
.1 r..,.nt V'icp-Preaident,
--ccreUry Fandrnw uiul amuel
a .Lii' a
: AMV.00O.
N. ;:. Circuit Court at Raymond,
fiaerge C. Granbery, colored, is, two
an ago, was elected to the position oi
R.-pre-'i.tative from Hind, county, and
Ltely a public .-ehool teacher, was con
". . 1..1. wt aMiMimd to three
1 ,.ctel 01 a iuivcij
n tli eonnti
-...II- 1 It. I It 1-1 1 111 HI 1 -
1. 1 ,. , f iu.fi .iu. neun
sund that complaint was made
Win by the friends of one
of hit
' . m v-i-. riX ri.nesoondi nis
bat the maniieatatkHH of public
. v.v ii. nr.-. and otherwise lore
IV" . ... ,
wa strong eflbrl next winter to estao
li a Gowenuaent poata) telegraph cotk
par. wh may be too strong to be re
sUtoii l ilie system ..f dead head passei
D embers of Congress. 15y the waj
;r anv member of Ommnm should m
Bgmged in the dead
"shoot bim on thc
d P
- l)ii-iri(
been arrested fm
r of ronnz Sayle at Oakland,
de county. They cm-hod hi
his throat, stabbed him in i
es, robbed him and kicked tlu
a ditch. Jud- Lynch wa
, t iii bis work, hut the (Jov-bi-ing
apprized of ihe move-
a dispatch warning against
nroof is clear, thev will hi
.1. ...... ,
ni. nt, seal
it. A tin
convict id
and hung if
tried by due
Sr. Loon Kepudlk ax: If the story
told by tho New York Truth concerning
the sehemhsft bargaining and hypocrisy
hv which Stanlev Matthews was put on
the Supreme bench of the United State-
b to be believed, it is one ot tue most
ikgracefnl in the history of shame cov
(ring the Hayes and Garfield period
Stanley Matthews' part in the great
fraud fev which the Democratic party
sni robbed of the victory it had wen in
the election of Mr. Tilden estops bis
fri.Mi.ls from settinc un his character as
kdefeiica against these damaging charges.
lit is well to add. that Dorsey gives
names and dates, and that his statement
has not been refuted.)
Illinois Centra!.
The directors of tbe Illinois Central
Rai!r..;id elected the following officers:
Preside nt, James C.Clarke; Vicc-Presi
dents. S. V K. Ackerman and Stuyve-
saut Fish : Treasurer, L. V. F. Randolph ;
Sei retarv. L A. Catlin.
litional items will
SUV ii'p. J ii:
he interesting to our readers:
mil j " roixrs.
A large force of men has been organ
;. ,n -c-t ,!...,: Vmililinirs on the Can
ton, Aberdeen and Nashville branch of
the Bia .1 road. At AOeraeen, ei
P.xl-t .,,! tortvillr. thi rlpOOtS Will lie
umi anu . . t 1 1
nf r,ri,.i- i,l will cn.t i5.000 each. The
rest of the depots wiil be frame build
i n .w 1 l 1 fnnt
iur:i uv 1 ' itvit .
On the' Yazoo branch 23 miles of track
hsvp linen laiil and. unless rain inter
feres, the branch will be open for busi
m isn Kor 1 .
The" track of the "Big J," south of
F-.t ruir. iu K..ino- miseil four feet for
a distance of six "miles, and ballasted
with rock.
A short time ago a rock quarry was
discovered at Bvram, on the "Big J,"
and up to date MOcax loads of rock have
been taken from it. If the quarry holds
out it is the intention of the company
to ballast all of the Southern division
with rock, and to make the road-bed
Mill more solid than it is now.
Telegraphic Postal Service.
Memphis Appeal: The question fif
telegraph service in connection ith the
postoftice is widely discussed by thc pub
lic press, and the outcome of the dis
. cussion appears to be a follows: The
pjv?ftftsiriot to buy the tsresent pri
vate line, but mun . tss vw.
It has the same right to build and
operate as corporations have. The gov
ernment lines should not be a monopoly;
competition would check abuses on the
part of the government and of the cor
porations. The Western Union is a
Monopoly injurious to the public in
terests and to commerce. The telegraph
hae can be largely extended with ad
vantage; and quick postal communica
tion U wanted to take the place of slow
ails. The telegraph should be the
poor man's mail as well ss the rich one's
The postaire authorities aeree that there
wonld be no important difficulty about
dding a telegraph service, the letter
carriers delivering the telegrams, ine
tost will not be great and the sendee
will ruT t nwn expenses, while rates
will be lower. The necessary service
will be SDoointed not bv the politicians,
bat nntW tV.ii Pivil Service rules. The
is senersl that at its next
i Congress most take same steps to
ward checking telegraphic monopoly,
sad for the protection and fntherance of
general quick communication among
the peopk.
Vint Bale by the Jackson Bailroad.
Orncs iLuaow Cwtux B. R-Co., 1
Kaw OaLSAsTa. Ann. 15, 1883. i
EtJtTons PicxTUsn First bale new
- " .vwiu ,uie vi-J s- .
boa, shipped by John Evans to I- M
Hosi'Oo. This is eight day earlia
than last season, first bale received her
August 33, 182. Yours troly,
Dak. G. JtoaSY, Agent,
At Dsaville, yfct Wm. Sheppr
wnfle returning home with his tittta so
in a wssbb. n.Li,r dead by t
received this day from J-swi--ipped
bv John Evans to X.
Home Education.
I find in my notes of oral lecture
taken forty yearn ago in a distant Uni
versity, some facta philosophically con
sidered, bearing on the subject, indica
ted in the heading of this; and am in
duced to re-write what follows as an ap
propriate Contribution tn rtimwt lit.
ture at this tim arh --, ...
... . ml UMW UC
doubtless considering the question of the
selection ct a school for children
and wards
Tk i- . r. v
Theeirliest friendships, the friend-
..:. n . . .
which are naturally contracted
".- ,.-- uwi 19 mm um.tuuuic u
that feeling, are those among brother,
and sisters. Their good agreement,
the heart is most susceptible of
while thev remain in the same familv,
is I
necessary to its tranquility and happi
ness. They are capable of giving more
pleasure or pain to one another than to
the greater part of other people. Tkei
situation renders their mutual svm
pathy of ths utmost importance to their
. .
common happiness; and, by the wisdom
, . . ... I
of Nature, the same situation, bv oblic
ingthem to accomodate themselves to one
another, renders that sympathy more
habitual, and, thereby, more lively, more
distinct and more determinate
The children of brothers and sisters
are uaturallv connected bv thp friend
ship which, after separating into differ
ent families, continues to exist between
their parents. Their good agreement
improvps the enjovment of that
friendship; their discord would di.-turl
it. As thev seldom live in the sanif
family, however, though of more impor
tance to one another than the greater part
of other people, they are of much lew
than brothers and sinters. And as their
mutnal ympathy is less necessary, so it
9 less habitual and, therefore, propor
tionately weaker.
The children of cousins, being still
less connected, are of still less importance
to one another, and so natural affection
gradually diminishes as the reaction
grows more and more remote.
What is called affection i- in reality.
nothirg but habitual sympathy. Our
concern in the happiness or the misery
of those who are the objects of our af
fections: our desire to promote the one,
and prevent the other is either the actual
feeling of that habitual sympathy or the
necessary consequence of it. Relations
being usually placed in situation- w hich
naturally create this habitual sympathy
it is expected that a suitable degree o!
iffection Rbouktake place among them
We generally find that it actually does
take place, wo therefore uaturallv expect
that it should; and we are, upon thai
ice.iiiiit. more shocked when we fine'
that it does not. The general rule b
-taldished lhai persons related to one
mother in a certain degree, ought al
wmy to he aSected toward one aaothe.
in a certain manner ; and that there i
dwsys the highest impropriety, and
ometimes even a sort of impiety, in
their being affected in different man
ner. A parent without parental tender
ness, a child devoid of all filial reverence
ippoir monsters, the objects not of otir
hatred only, but of our horror.
Though, in a particular instance, the
circumstances which usually produce
these natural affections, njay, by some
accident, not have taken place, yet re
spect for the general rule will, frequent
ly in some measure, supply their place.
and produce something which, though
not altogether the same, may bear how
ver, a considerable resemblance to those
Affections. A father is apt to be less at
tracted to a child, who, by some means
has been separated from him in infancy.
ind does not return to him tin he nas
zrown up to manhood. The father is
ipt to feel less paternal tenderness for
the ehilil. in such ca.e: and the child
ess filial reverence for the father
Brothers and sUter-, when they have
been educated in distant countries, are
apt to feel a similar diminution of affec
tion. With the dutiful and the virtu
us. however, respect for the general
rule w ill frequently produce something
which, though by no means the same
vet very much resembles those natursl
Affections. Even during the separation,
the parent and the child, the brothers,
or the sisters, are by no means indiffer
ent to one another. They consider one
another as persons to and from whom
e fftata affections arc due, and they live
iu the hope of being sometime in a situ
stion to enjoy that' friendship which I
ought naturally to exist among persons I
t -..na-tri Till thev meet. 1
sio lieilll uuuiiiii... - -j
k..w,n the absent brother, are
absent brother, are
., ..i.r iV,o fsi-nr te
treoueutiy iuv iu.uv
brother. They have never offended, or,
J" ..." - - - I
if thev have, it is so long ago that the
i '1!-L I
nffensc s forgotten, as some cnuuiau
omnsf T ' i v,,,v
trick, not worth remembering, tvery
accouut they have heard of one another,
. j i s--i nf nnv tolerable
II conveieu ui in. s
Hood Mture, b been in tbe bigbest de-
S aJ andl.voiable. Tbe
absent son, the absent brother are not
like other ordinary sons and brothers,
but a perfect son, a perfect brother ; and
but a pertect so p
tne most ruiuuii. "r i
me uiusi
of the happiness to be enjoyeo. m u.c
... l ..ualinn nf alich Per-
... i i - ,
friendship and conversation of such per-
sons. Aud when they meet it is often
with so strong a disposition to concede
that habitual sympathy which consti-
..... -u-r.:is. otTeet on that they are
tutcs tue laui.ii .,s. , .
ived it, and to behave to one another
as if they had. Time and expeneuce,
however, it is be feared, too freqoently
undeceive them, upon a more
milisr acquaintance they
discover in one another s habits, humors
and iuclinstions different from what
.v w.trl towh eh. from want oi
luc.' --. ' .1.-
. f,m ant of the
habitual syrnpai".', -
, : :-. ,,rl foundation of What IS
real priui-n"- r
,ir J1 the family affection, they
can not'now y accommodate hem-
have ver'-n the
selves-, -yhave ncver- n -wtmitifVwiTTclraj
rirsi uece-sariiy lorces
that easy accommodation; and tnougn
they may now be sincerely desirous to
assume it, they have really become in-
capnble of doing so. Their laminar cou-
i Kosnma
versation and intercourse w '
versation anu iuk..
less pleasing to them upon that sc-
, t .,-it Thev mav con-
count less ocmuvm -
count. k -i ,rv-P the
tinueto live
mutual exchange o
ces uu " ,t..
p zxl ,r
and with each otuer
Use, which naturally take place m tne
.. e i who have lived
!rje.d familiarly with one another,
it seldom happens '
vWfr; the dntifil
It is only, nowe, , ,
and the yi'rtuoas that the 5 rule
hfithi. .leader satbonty. W ith
the dissipated, tbe profligate and tn.
' r , trded. They
ia, it is enr, trr
are so far iron. . .
: . . . . isj mt xans w
Maly from one
With PftTnro-
for tne 1
1a .oldnd
dace ma
remblanos of reai raj -j
verv st
-L v tbe alum test
M,Tr'lon of interast, com-
bb -i-t-T-z. tt .itaMtner.
T J !fTT t distant g?
1TT at distant cot-
heel, ot yonn aen
of vonnc
lease; ot .""" , fibrmit seems
ee and
' i"" 1 1 1 ' 1. - 1 1
Vol. Xlvi.
pot them under the neceaaity of
being dutiful children, and aflsctionate
1 .c j 1 . . , r . i
ana sisters; te? inem eaocsic
them in their own homes. From their
, , . ,
andaaSS, routlv Pdsy
to attend public schools: but lei Ihnr
dwelling be aheayt at kerne. Respect for
tneir Darents most aiwars impose a
verv useful restraint uoon the conduct
of children; and respect for children
may frequently impose a no less useful
restraint upon that of parents. Surely
no acquirements, which can possibly be
dorived f mm whit i called a nublic edu
va.wisu. tou uia-r owi, v.. ..... j - . .
tion for what is almost certainly and
n i. r : - -j..-
cation, can make any sort of compensa
necesttarilv lost bv it. Domestic educa
tion is the institution of nature; public
education, the contrivance of man. It
is surely unnecessary to say which is
likely to be the wisest.
In some tragedies and romances we
meet with many beautiful and interest
ing scenes founded upon what is called,
the force of blood, or upon the wonder
ful affection whieh near relations are
supposed to conceive for one another
even before they know they are at all
rcl-tod Thi. fore of hlnod however.
it is t be feared, exists no where but in
trarra,liafi anil rm;i nff'ti . r.ven In
tragedies and romances it is never sup
posed to take place between any rela
tions but those who are naturally bred
uo in the same house; between parents
'US I.IUI'HIII, 1'ioiui.ir: v v . .
To imagine any such mysterious affec
nA .li .1.1 lirntlior. Ullii KlctPr 'tr
tion rteiween coubine or huiius auu
uncles.nephcws and nieces.would lie only
too ridiculous.
W. II. Head.
Crystal SrntXOS, Aug. 14, 183.
Koii Tirr. f'LAK:(i:.'j
I.e( Me Kttu
My Mauimu
a Feet.
.1 True tteUnL
Dedicated to Little Mary Went Griffin, Dry rirove.l
The mother lav told and stiff in thc icy embrace
at death. Her only child a p-xir little hlu; eyed
larlins I .okeii up with tear stained tace ana trcm-
ulini!ly asked: ' Please, let m ee oiy Mamma,
"You cannot my child'' was the reply, "Your
mamma U so dianged." "Then, pleas ma'am let
me kiss mv Mamma'- feet." The cold mutionle
feet wen- bared, and kneeling down the little one.
I'-arco five minimer old, reverently claiel, then
kied the feet ol the dead mother.
The eal u; death KM on the brow o beautiiul and
Still shaded by the chotnut rings ol soltiy eunmg
The eves that danced wiih melting love the la.hes
hair: . ...
brown and i..o(f . .
flic i-urvini; liiw so wont to break in metouies 01
.av motionlcs. foreverstill. unheedinir even now
r baby'- pleadinga for a glimpse of Mamma s
face or brow.
1 heu lei rni ki.-s ir.y Mmu.a's Icet," came iu lliat
baby ioiie ,. , ,
Vi like beam M golden lubt an anget s lairy
l"he lii-le .irpham sl.od dose by the mother s lone
choice. ...
ly bier, - , , '
ln ntjtu r-urN and saddened rars?, her violet eye:
iu tear- - ,
picture meet to move a heart ol cruelty or sU.ne,
ilil teach each Iikuui how to b-el the knell 01
"JMwri juuf.
Mease let uie Vim uiy Mamma
ing i losi Ix'Hide
'iie htniMa 1'ier, sh.-i laaed the
her head and cried ;
abbM as a child alui- can ,
ami rare,
'l.-.i ..nil- make till" flowl so
l'cei,'' uutl Uneol
ieot, liowet d'.wn
;reat gulp ot oc
in niuro bemiliful
and fair; . , . . . .
lirioveil as a child alone ran icci, an usanwa au..
So lonely, mother, ia-.her gone '. no friend to make
u s. I
It glail.
PtoSM let me kis my Manmia's feet,'' (bo acretl
kis vu eiven. . .... ...
And sealed Sj weeping angel banrts wiiiini in'
.,.,t.. f lia.von
The little lip, art BOM and sweet, have bluilin tl"
mouier - ciay . , , , 4. ,
ind hallowed it twneath the sod until the Unal
Pwo Imil arms with truest love have wreathed the
wearv one; . . . :
rwo little hands have clasped those met wiih sacn
tieial groaa.
)h would that we, in life, should learn this Immbie
To bathe, our dear old mother's feet with tears ol
blew! a pure; ,
To wind around her drooping form our youug ami
Vigorous arm. . .
And lend to her declining years each day a brighter
For lometh-e we must feel the blow that slabs tbe
babv's heart .
And -neellng clasp thc weary feet, ere ironi tue
clay we part-
Praying Against Time.
Talking against time is common in
Congress, but praying against time 18
the device of a clever Brooklyn child,
who will know how to get her rights
when she comes in sight of them.
The fire burned low in the Franklin
stove, the cat was asleep on the rug, and
not a mouse stirred behind the wainscot
its the mother wrote by a shaded lamp
with a noiseless pen. All the house put
on slippers of velvet when little Rose
went to bed, for sleep and she were ene
mies, and she fought him to the last
evelash. Her voice came from tiie bed
room now with no sound of surrender
in it. It was better to be at prayer than
ir, he asleeo. and of course no one could
j iAjrU ot ovj i
g0 in tBe omuibus to see
. r oi nnrl nil the aunts and
i a. mil miji" -- - ,
Uieces and mothers. Keep me safe, for
nieces anu nionicio. ..wf --
- . .. . 1 limi Alflrirnrp.t anri I
1 Want 10 RO anu swa- b, V,
- ,. Don't let it hail, or :
see what icau see. Don't let it nan, or
fnr T want to ITO iu the :
S 1 1 0 ' . lil 1 .. 1 1. , .v.. - -
omuibus to see Aunt Margaret very
i i ...J .,11 tin. .Hints and
mucu inueeu, aim n
nieces and mothers. Make me well so !
ncn in the omnibus; please do. ,
mndpa and grandma, Aunt Kate I
uLuio nrl fr. t'harles Swan.
nun auiii 't"" . , .,
BlM, p,p, and rnaniii, and m.ke 11. .1
jd. j. & be.ve. I
a 8brt anfi tBen the
wideawake, defiant voice went on :
"Keep grandma from dying before she
here. Don't let anything happen
t h L)on t let' any Dears or
I 1
Jim , 1
ueusia .. r sj m
.randnia and Mr. Charles Swan, and
Aunt Kate and Annt Jtohnu-
m nn. uiess srramipa ami
id be ain:
fQ apple8i I long for triilk.
i , , , i mne to ne eoou. -
,t miiit t . . . , T t
L had not niu ."-is "
some wa
wng molM T long for ..ae white
bftd , lonf t0 be a woman. I thank
U hereffor it grieves him to have
W"na htVi and he buys me things
lKJiitia ilit,
-o to sleep. iniu.. r-.'---
I " A vn
A yawn, a wu.1"" "'.
then silence presently announceu mai,
I . ... ... w answered, and
that tne iiwi. pi.j. " r
, rejgoed. Editor's Drawer, in Har-
per's for September.
Soma Autumn Styles.
A pretty walking dress fr a little girl
;. mile of" dark royal blue camel s hair-
-- , tbe understirt is
clodi JJQ yruffle8of dark. U
" , . i .t i.vt deep shirred
i velvet, .tuuir ,
I V ,..j a v nf the camel's-hair
I v bodice, of dark-blue
WZStlwmi with . plastron
"-f,' relret. A small panier
sad collar oi -- -
opens in a
". j Kfi r cane of
j-ohae velvet, over which tarns the
n of the leraev. Tbe cape
toWetto ftoi w.th swings of
eons nnisn w "" ''".-" "Tl
to., are set np each side of the open
fancy cloth. Of
rr , V: ahowa hevond a
I TI skirt
.-f i blocks and embroidered
w 1 dmjck u m r. . . . .
ing of brown velvet. W
fiSfam! Odah otimrwith a huge
w--s, - d
" WWL T. A Hrt hnt in
exacuv T A lanre
ss""' -".. ri , - .
tara-orer cauar cux tt
wotaerea, as are ma '
1 eiose coat sleeves.
..Tl.. . atrlW referred tolis S VUl
.t :.i.y tc.
nnW WW wnwui -
1 , - , , . .1 . if. hi 1 ' "Bums -' ' t' ''-.' n.,,1.
Jacksox, Mississippi, Wednesday, August 22, 1883. No- 34
-. I . itni !
The First Shot at Fort Sumter Who
is ResDonsible for it
The following is published in the Phil
adelphia Times of the 8th inst :
To the Editor of the Times: Various
cirumstances which would be tinecessary
to relate here have delayed this notice
of the public utterances of Judge Jere
miah S. Black. Under the ad captandum
title of ''riecession Secrets" he opens his
unwarranted attack upon myself thus:
"Mr. Davis now caargeshim (Mr. Buc
hanan) with timidity because he did not
evacuate the forts and let secession have
everything its own way. That is ridicu
lous. Mr. Davis also makes a sinner of
his judgment when he expresses the
opinion that if iu utter had been given
up no other State than South Carolina
would have gone out. In truth and in
fact Mr. Davis and all other Secessionists
desired that evacuation for the sole pur
pose of making their predetermined de-
purtuiL" easv auu sate, oucu a cuuspic
uous act of concession would have been
an acknowledgement of their right to
secede, and they would have tumbled
out as fast as they could formulate their
ordinances. If Mi. Davis will tax his
memory a little he will recollect easily
enouzh that his object in trying to influ
ence Mr. Buchanan in this direction vvas
to remove an obstacle from the path on
which he and his constituents had made
up their mind to travel. South Caro
lina tried to bully the President.
Others, including Mr. Davis, tried to
coax him. It is no evidence of timidity
that he resisted them both."
TiirlorA Rlnflr tifroin sunmps tn rl-
4 scribe mv conduct and to assign to it a
i I - i t .. i rl
motive wnicn l pronounce uiterty ime
inexcusably false, because if he had de
sired to know the truth he could have
learned it by conference with either of
his associates in Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet
with whom i held about that time fre
quent and unreserved conversations,
believing, as I had reason to do, that
he. like myself, desired a. peaceful solu
tion of the issue-: which then threatened
our constitutional fJnion, or he might
a 1
P he nil in it 1
motives bv !
ha vp rounu rvaat
reference to the speeches I had made
during the many years I had served in
the two houses of Congress or by an
appeal to any other source purer than
his own imagination. It may be well
that my opinions were not of sufficient
importance to him to induce a search
through the speeches of my many years
ot service; out winie nis uunu was so
actively engaged in the affairs of Charles-
aetivelv engaged in the aitairs ol UUarles-
ton and my proposal in regard to it, it i
; t,t l. .n,-,4Wl that he ttonbl look 1
. -t!ii . - .V i
;n iiif 1 1 I :u l-tiit li u un i yji 111 i-i.i..io:
1. 1 ill
i in tue t Hired nuties .enau
., T . 1 1 , . 1 ' .
of January
10, iStll.
The pending motion being to print
the special messsage of (he President of
Januarv 9, 18G1. 1 said:
'Had thc garrison at Charleston, rep
resenting the claim of the Government
to hold the property in a fort there, been
called away thirty days, nay, ten days
ago, peace would have spread its pin
ions over this land, and calm negotia-
t woil.nmvXe,r the order !
, s.-i ... . n-j-i xr-I
day. Why was it not recalled'.' No
reason yet has been ottered, save that
the CJovernment is bound to preserve its
property. And yet look from North to
South, from East to West, wherever we
have constructed forts to defend States
against a foreign foe, and everywhere
vou hntl them without a garrison, ex
cent at a tew points where troops are ;
...... ....... ,
coast fortifications there merely for the
purpose of discipline and instruction as
irti leris-s Yo will find all the other i
for 1 in ti.e b ol TrtknWan
ornZ'tXt -dtfoa moSd
nn.l oatriotie oeonle standing safelv
. At a. Tt
. Ui; J'!I ..I I. i."l " .
wishes aud opinions, the position was
distinctly stated which Judge Black
now treats as something new and makes
the basis of a .slanderous misrepresenta
tion. With like recklessness of assertion he
denies that Mr. Buchanan ever enter
tained an idea of public property at Fort
other than that of the fort with
i its contents, and yet in the very begiu-
Iltllg Oi LllU 1UI I tBJH'UUCllVC ... 1... .ii.-i
letter, of Gov. Pickens to the President
the Governor wrote: "In relation to
the public property of the United States
within Fort Sumter, the Hon. L W.
Hayue, who will hand you this commu
nication, is authorized "to give you the
pledge of the State that the valuation
of such property will be acccouuted for,"
etc., etc.
tnwuj s.i...f o
i ij..,u i ....... n fit nartv tn
T ....... K,, Tt,rrt nioi.l-'- fjoiiiitiel'ltioil
ui ouuui i-aiui.i.n ....
trusted with the protection ot either
al nr nomnniil tirrmertv of the United
k trusted w th the 1
1 . ... . v I 1 f . t
States." She needs no defense against
u. 1 1 i-nlmr aauortinns which
l"c ;"
ciiaracterize this revelation of so-called
secei0n secrets, merely noticing the
cunning excuse whieh is offered for the
denunciation, i. e.. that South Carolina
had previously seized "everything in
and about Charleston except one fort."
It will be remembered that the Govern
ment of South Carolina resting under
the assurance that both Federal and
State Government would not attempt
to make a change so as to disturb the
existing condition of affairs allowed the
unoccupied forts to remain as they were,
and forlnire to seize Fort Sumter when
it was without a garrison. She remon-
" na-V . ., 8 . ... .. ...i
.1 1 la 1.1. , nucu
havimr dismantled it. sniked
-tr-risrt when tne trarnson iu r in .uuui-
. . ,. .i.j .
the guns, and burned the carriages, was
: removed under cover ot nignt to run
" . . .. . -A
Sumter. Could there have been a more
hostile demonstration than this? Was it
honest to conceal tbe fact that therefrom
followed the seizure of the unoccupied
forts? The order resulting in this change
of status is one of tbe claims Judge
Black makes for service rendered to tne
Hninn it mnv deserve to be followed
to its consequences and viewed in con
nection witn contemporaneous eveuia.
Itoccurred when South Carolina, hope
ful of a peaceful solution of all pending
issues, had sent three of her most dist in
sniished sons as commissioners to visit
&. . 1 .1 tt J J . A.L..
and comer wnn tne rrraiueui. mwn
proof cannot be needful that South Car
olina had no design to attack Fort Moul
trie or take other aggressive action.
Mr. Buchanan with the Keen peroep
tion of a patriot desiring to avoid civil
war, saw the danger which this move
ment portended and with the sensibility
of a man of honor shrank from the impu
tation of bad faith. Therefore he wrote
to the commissioners of South Carolina
on the 30th of December, 1860: "When
I learned that Maj. Anderson had left
Fort Moultrie and proceeded to Fort
Sumter, my first promptings were to
command him to return to his former
position and there to await contingencies
presented in his instructions." The
President then proceeded to notice the
-arxtrHv-orj-nrrino- events which followed
this act, for which it is now known he
was not responsible To enforce the
propriety of retaining a tort Doui to
;. .tu. Ki.r and eitv of Charles-
Urn after it had ceased to be regarded
. a, J. 1 1 .
there ss a means os aeieoOT, w. w.
considered a menace only maintained to
destroy, Jdoge Km -nertjtimt the
fort "beioagea to whs 1
l. r; a fr hv than thev bad
1 ..ti.tr, rK. nmrwrtv rirht to
a wui "r- .r -r-i a-.
it, wtacb was not tPr
est degree nv couvn vstvuh. .
.kirn of Soatb Carolina to
t oTaiMsiao of im undoubted riarht of
,T .,. -- a narbt which
i ot propeny wwj w w w
I am led to inquire into the
verity of tbe assertion. .
From wham did the States buy the stteT
lira atom M r
n !L at maul th harbor of
Charleston were within the Territory of
Sooth Carolina, and the ex-Attorney
..-. 1 mn Kj )n to hare known
w- v th me to (usavida for the de
fence of certain twrts and harbors in the
- i
United States, March , iih. "
.ut that no tncss Shall bfi 9
here such lands are tbssroperty of a
tate. It follows therefrom that tbe
a eoctld not have Mrchased these
- i
tes from South CaroUsia, bat we are not
i this niav(
to be found in
the Sut-
Large of South Carolina, vol.
n ;
is flu Minx ss follows
-r . .. , !
tun is we ncror iecwwa, . , Qf the JV Xorthern meD wi,0 did not
South Carolina, which we omit.) concur with Judge Black in his war-
The aenerous costidertce which South i Ifgettins. measures, I will cite first
(Sinab!adi AsGovemment is man-! J, State, Senator S A. Douglas of
ifested in this deed of session. The con- j VhnoK. who w,l not be .uspcctcl of
ditioa. imposed were only such as would 1 P hJ Vthlfin
leave the State free to occupv the sites I of March, 18C1, offered in the I nited
for purposes of defense if the United tota i Senate a resolution rcomm.d
StatessouldfUto fortify and garri- j the withd rawal of garnso.j . from
son within the specified time. Bu as forts tfain lhe h'A ,,f ,atcs
a general proposition, it will be scarcely I (Here follows extracts from Mr. Doug
denied that if .a giant be diverted from ; h d from 0ou gcott and
the end for which it was made and ac- ,
cepted it thereby becomes void. In thc Gen. Robt. Anderson thc officer m com
deeds of session made by New York and mand of Fort Sumter, advising the
Virginia, with mire caution than was
. .,, " . ... v --
exhibited bv South Carolina, specific
; " J Tl..,.. xr-
roservauoiie were uiauc. xnu.-
York, in granting a site for tbe Brooklyn
Navy Yard, recites: "The United
States is to retain such use and jurisdic
tion so long as said tract shall be applied
to the safety and defense of the city and
port of New York nod no longer." Vir-
mni. in oxlinir flip site f if Krirt res. Mon-
guu-f . . ...,
roe aud the shoal kjoown as the Ripraps, I
, , . . 1 1 .L.. II .1 .1J .1... i
nrnvirl in the dead that "should the i
tue .lurai,
said United States st any time abandon I as the instigator of the measnves which
said lands or shoal, or appropriate them j he, like others, should have anticipated
to any other purposes than those indica- j would result in a conflict of arms, aud
ted in the preamble to this act, that the j offers in evidence of his zeal the argu
land in that case shall revert bj and re- j ment pressed upon the President for the
vest in this Commonwealth." employment of the army and navy, tin-.
hl iut forth that tbe Gov
ernment of the Urd States was solici
tous to obtain those lands for the pur
pose of fortification and objects of na
tional defense. To deny that a State
possessed eminent domain is the growth
of recent davs. Even so late as 1836
Massachusetts declared that "The sov
ereignty and jurisdiction of the Common
wealth extends to all places within the
boundaries thereof, subject only to such
right of concurrent jurisdiction as have
been or may be granted over any places
ceded by the Commonwealth to the
United States." If the same rule of
rights holds good to the States equally,
then every reservation recognized and
accepted "in the cession of one State
must be regarded as binding in relation
to all cessions of like tenor. So far as
the United States might purchase land
from an individual, It would not there
by acquire either the jurisdiction or
. r ,:...... tnA In il,jrl nf cession
CAcuipuuua c ..." VI- - '
would hold subject to tbe laws and
iw r.f tlio cnvpriilirn State.
Then' I submit, unless there was pro
prietary right to the Brooklyn Navy
Yard and the Watervliet Arsenal, there
was none to Fort Sumter.
As a sample of Judge Black's dis
courtesy and unwarranted invective to
wards a" State 1 cite the following sen
tences :
"tue tiemano ior wc emtumiuu m :
Fort Sumter and the surrender into the !
hands of South Carolina was, take it air
The demand for the evacuation of i
;. 11 tlia mint imnnrlent thinfr tn the i
... , ... 1 c - i
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I nil. wiinu. . ....... . . j
insultingly insisted upon its surrender j
m hAr avnwodlv with intent to use it for !
!.:..--.. f tvnrlA .inth am mil :
UOCbllC Jim pws... t.j . . . .
men to which it belonsred. and now Mr.
1. ..... , I mi.nUM Onr.jiri-t
the Govern
Davis complains that this absurd de
mand was not acceded to."
How far such epithets may be excused
will be best understood by quoting the
language employed in making the de
cial envoy of South Carolina, in abaUer
to his Excellency, James Buchanan.
mand, lheuon. Isaac w. nayne, spe
to his Excellency, James rweuanan,
President of the I nitetl States, written
at Washington, January 31, 1861, used
the following language :
"You will perceive that it is upon the
presumption that it is solely as property
that you continue to hold Fort Sumter
that I have been selected for the per-
thA il 11 1 v unAn
which 1
T . 't ' n, . mili.
tao demand the surrender of
T'Zl U t
lts Attorney Gener ctaun for
the State the exercise of the undoubted
right of eruinent domaiD and i0 P1
tlfe Sute rJ$&
rights of property w hteh may arise from
Tiif Piririwr in iiic vhuiu .-vvav
the nublic peace, and it is submitted that i
on her part there is scarcely any consid- i
erationof mere property apart from j
honor and safety which could induce her
to do aught to jeopardize that peace, ,
still less to inaugurate a protracted aud j
ki-., -,-v-ii wr iti.Tiitr.iat.imr. a vou
do, the idea of coercion, avowing peace
ful Ininntinn anri ATiirAvainir a natriot's
1U1 lilLV ... . .- m-
... i t.i!i ..a:r.
borror tor
among tnose, uu uye ;
it is hoped that on runner consiuera-
tion youvill not on a mere question of j
projieriyreiusevue T
pttllK-lliT llUDt vaio a vw3wa.s..s. ... -
of Houth Carolina, which honor and ne
cessity alike compel her to vindicate.
Only one who is seeking a pretext for
1 . 1 , : ......I.,., t. Ssf.ataa
IIllV UUO HUU IB Oiataaajj a jyas,s-as ... .
hostile demonstration against. the State
coulU have touna insult 111 tms temper-;
ate appeal and have called for the army !
and navv to perform such acts as nat-
J raa. ... Tiji... a. -!nl
11 1 1 . , aaa j -s . .v. -
urallv would and finally did lead to civil
Where does he find authority for thc
assertion that the application for pos
session of Fort Sumter was made "avow
edly with intent to use it for hostile
purposes against the Government to
which it belonged?' Where unless in
his own extravagant estimate of the
power of the fort and by ascribing to
South Carolina such hostile feelings as
he manifests when in the memorandum
he claims to have presented to the Pres
ident he exultingly refers to Maj. An
deisou having occupied Fort Sumter
with the assertion, "He still commands
the harbor. We may still execute the
laws if we try."
If .r nnAr.Mrv to retreat that no
resistance had been offered to the execu-
I " ' . .. m, .
tion ot any civil proce..
k n TTnitjad State, officers in South
1 ..wa . .,
eamlmi who eon Id renuire aid lor tne
.....,.. -r- , t .
execution of the laws. Ihe fort might
be efficient to obstruct the commerce ot
i.rv v w -
nis.-toamn ar! aid in the doubtful re
i.H in th rlnnrtt.TUI re-
sort of collecting duties outside of the
harbor. To such small dimensions
shrinks the boasted power by the pos
session of that fort to execute the laws.
The old friends of Mr. Buchanan, among
whom I am one, if they accept this self
laudatorv exhibit of Judge Black, will
be glad to learn that Mr. Buchanan pre-
" , , ..i
1 that Mr. Buchanan pre-
- - o . . .1 a-a -
.- .a. .K an luwar tn the (jommis -
p.., via "- ,. - . .:-
sioners of JSouth Carolina as was .consis-
,. .:!
' ?Z .J 1
policy ot peaeeana
jyereignty, ana in .
tont. with his avowed
rFvrvfc - a ;a '
..- tnw Ssta taa win
memorv ot an wnicn roiiuweu mo awu
less rejection of fsism negotiation, the
country I think has reason to regret that
he was ever turned from the course
his wisdom aad patriotism dictated.
Those friends, moreover, trill be sur
prised to learn that he was no master in
his own house, hnt according to the
statement of Judge Black was controlled
bv bim on most important occasions.
What shall be said of the fidelity of a
l. k . . i .1 ; . ; rKa ralMl faf & Mil -
rpaa.a nuu uviumg
stitutional adviser to a President, should
daim after ne was uoau to nave nnwR
his correspondence aad an official
message the most significant parts of
them, ana to senu imu u uw wuim
with accompanying laudation his criti
cism on the conduct of his chief, aad
all this under the guise of defending
him from s suspicion of having yielded
ku own h tter iudzment to the violent
antagonism of others? Well might Mr.
tSacaaasn, It W wrs re unmg .
crv At ittru tftuQrunu : aad ms oia
friends respond. Shame npon the mi-
. 1 5. . lal M
na.a. t thi. f -UodatOTV
revelation iniorms ua tan vren. gum
W.. - . . a. . n
had discovered bim to be a soldier of
native endowment, albeit, like Job's
.far, but there tan ymmasa or.
was from star omy, tuooga oru-ur,
U.n 4-mna Ward, who merV
ad his wife's relation, to the
war. This vaiimst Jadge wan ready to
it wiU be remnmaernq tmutne uovernor
the President that the State
.t atteasnt to send rein
. . r . r.. - .
dins: "If the P-esident intends it
.1.-11 . n it nraosr. to
lit i.m-nr will feat henil to
rnrd itJ Yet this smsthe net which
having urged upon tbe
The nai
m with
th daraliaa for
The the withdrawal & the fstrriaoa from
i-iii--MM-w-W-MWssneaMi i i t
Fort Sumter, which Juase It.ack ?n-
fort Sumter, wnicn juoge macs en-
deavors to discredit bv ascribing to its
.j . :. ',,
dearors t
; u t-t,mca - lin-iv i -..
it -. - -a .
nlsri sSnifitar iriitirfl tr first : ! -
Be presents it, r-onunel to -jon merit nier.
evacuation of the Fort.)
Mr. Davis proceeds :
Avoiding the evil example of Judge
Black, I will not impute motives for his
slanderous attack upon me. which would
have been more offensive if it had been
less demonstrably false, nor ask why,
when rewards are so lavishly poured u jon
those who are accredited with efficien-
: - -1 . . . .' . ft nit rnn'tu
c iu tue var 1101.111 111c .-vuiuviu w.-t ,
he Dresents himself before the public
der the Door pretext mat 11 w am
the officers of the I iiitc-il States iu tho j
execution of thc laws, knowing that no '
case existed or could arise under exist-:
ing circumstances, there being no Lnited
States officers in South Carolina by
whom civil process could be issued.
Thus insidiously and treacherously
AiA V, - ,flT..l mil tbe letter nnrl the
spirit of the United States Constitution j
he had sworn to support. Not onlv did j
. i .
that instrument, as rresiucnt nuctiuiui ; uuutr a tiui-iit:iiiiim oiu .i.imi.c nun,
admitted, give no power to the General at the corner of one of the streets in
Government to coerce a State, but this t Florence. Ralph Alverton was out
negotiation of a power to coerce is fur- j early in seareh ol a breath of fresh uiorn
ther enforced by the limitation on the j ing air, before the glare of the June day
power to protect a State against domestic I began. A few Florentine women in lace
violence i. ., "that the power should I veils, holding fans between their faces
be exercised on application of the Legis- j and the sun's rays, bad passed and re
lature or of the Executive when the 1 passed him on their way to church or
Legislature cannot be convened." Nor! market; but it was an English face
is this all. Tower was delegated to Con-! which arrested his attention,
greas to provide for calling forth the "Vmk, Btgtorimt ntot" clamoured
militia to execute tbe laws of the Union, j all the flower venders together, while
suppress insurrections, and repel iava- each thrust their handful of dewy roses
. rl n . r .1 n.niWiMnla hw 'iVinrin 1 iliea" toward the. fair faCP
Sions. louraw tnmi mm m umn fiumo ;
of the constitution or the debates of the I
convention, general and State, by which .
it was adopted, power in the Executive j
Department to employ the armv and
navv forcibly to enter a State not an :
,..i;n. K, ..iMiinit the urotest '
oi its authorities, or to perform a duty
Hl'l'ii. ni."ii. ...... - t
for which the constitution empowered
-.-... i.. bmnlnir tli.i militia
lUc -""g's w ... .... -
seems inconsistent with the workings ol
auy honest mind. Not only was the
( Vinirress the derOSltorV of the DOWer,
. 1
" . ..........
forth to aid in the execution
laws. Thus did the founders
Ki, t the ml itm W:i-t he (orce LO I
f th
id the
Union manifest their distrust
: : :.. ,ln
ing armies u.s iumi kh m-- .......-.-.' .,
ius to
free govern ment. ow let it ue remem-1
bered that Congress hadj not calb-d i
forth the- militia! that the fvernor of
South Carotfha had not invoked the aid j
of the Federal Government ; that no j
civil process had been resisted ; there ,'
. .. .L. C. i
was no insurrection against- me sate,
anil nn nrfiswct of All invasion. eXCCDt
by such usurpation as Judge Black ad
vocated. President Buchanan had in his
message and in his correspondence with
Carolina officials distinctly disclaimed
the power of the United States to coerce
a csiiiii;, mm. I am Jlivi oi m.- ...... .
to learn that it required much press, re i
. ... i j. ii. l
a Shun aiifl 1 am irlau at lllis nil'- nan
to bring him to consent to those acts
from which 1 ihn thought sprang tne
civil war.
To learn what might and what should
have been done it may be satisfactory
to refer to the conduct of the patriots
and sages who at an early period admin
istered the General Government, the
fundamental law of which thev were
laro-elv instrumental in forming, and
rcrp v 11 . r 11 iiit i i.t i i
stZ,i Three eases of insurrection mar
Jhe peaceful history of the State Gov-;
erntentl, two of which occurred in the j
State of which Judge Black is a citizen. ;
oinn. hn m.k ot i n !i r rec 1 1 on ma i
in 1794 ;n the western countirs ot t'enn-;
9lvania va8 an organized and violent
.L:.. i. the Tailed i
President Washington issued a !
proclamation requiring the opposers of
L laws to OmT
the laws to 'ET.'"
sition ot tne uoernors n . ;..4- .
ua Jersey. Mary ami ana v irginia
fr. l.dyof militia to sustain thevU ;
onjce ap to aisperse inM.ryc .
It will be observeu that rrcsioent i
... . " ,WB ..... .. ... .i... C!
Washington urcw militia irom uie
. , ?ai.. : ..a nA
jn VU1CI1 IUC lllslU T I Ctll u V I U . 1 . . . cava
froln the bordering States. The militia ;
nf Pennsylvania was led bv tue governor
of thc Stkte, and the whole proceedings
uuder the wise adniinistmtio.i of Wash-
. . . .. . , .-, . . ...j
inirton, was iu aul oi tne. Diaie au
"61".' .. ... c I
ii maintenance ot rcststeu processes oi
j" utt 1
The other of the two cases of insurrec-
tion referred to, occurred in 1799, under
"be administration ol the second Presi-M
dent, John Adams. Armed resistances
having been made in several of tbe
northeasteru counues oi renusynama 7"". " V XT . r
to "to execution of the laws by the Lilian Vane. Her family, who were very
proper civil officers of the United States, poor had consented to her wish to come
the President issued a proclamation or- to Florence to paint. She lived at a
dering the insurgents to disperse and P.von-the tasa Chmra-wh ch ha
asserting the constitutional authority pened exactly to face the studio. occa
to call forth tbe military force to sup- pied by Ralph on be opposite side of
press the resistance to the execution of the Arno. V htle they were talking of
thelaws of the United States. In con-1 her, Lilias hersel arrived with some
nection therewith the BecreUty of War, j other people, who bad been invited.
March "ft im, addressed a letter to the Ralph .Alverton made up his mind
Governor of Pennsylvania, as follows:
"To suppress the insurrection now ex
; th.. counties of Northamnton.
I P , r . ;
iniiui. aaa ' " .... 1
- . .a- . ' . 1 . t.a..-
duces anu .uonigouici... ...
P-nn-v.ania. jn oppositiun
tue ciaic ui
to the law.s
. tw'rnUed States, the P
resident has
... . i
thought it necessary to employ a military
force, to be composed in part of such of
the militia ot rennsyivauia trflu-
ii and atst of nrcnarstion will enable
the militia ot rennsyivauia ssiiseBtiua-
u tnurvh with nromnti'ti.ie. The
.sacaaa a " - . . 1 , , ,
is' mm'- i " i
a. ... . at a I ' 1 ! -
corps ot militia nrt uesireu on mis oc -
casion are the troops of cavalry belong-
ing to tnts euy anu ..u. nus.p v.a.aa
6 , nf philadaaloh;. Tckit.
UI l.a.1 I.'"" ... s.. I '
; ... .-. i ..
Uliester, .onigoiiierv imu ii" - " - " -
, -. troons I have thc honor to request
unester, jininguiiiei r ..a...
These troops I have the honr to request
Excellency will order to hold them-
'. readiness to march on or before
selves in readiness to march on or before
the ath inst., under the command ot
Brig. Gen. McPherson. I have the
honor to be, with great respect, sir, your
obedient servant,
James McHkxey."
To his Excellency Gov. Mifflin.
Thus it will be seen that the two first
Presidents of tbe United States, alike con
spicuous for devotion to their cause of
the colonies and mnuentiai in tne torma-
tion of the constitutional union ot tne
States, lcoked to the militia as the mili
tary force to be employed to suppress
insurrection and overcome armed resist
ance to the execution of tbe laws and
anee to tne execution ui mc m
with due regard to the sentiment of the
itm. s J. Jal f1
.. .ni.annr.nnoa s. rif Arri(l
CUUUl UUl J aaaau j.aai-j---,
4sv amnlnp tK rnilit.i. nf tno State
lUSb W -aJaJ .- -
to which the offender? belonged, and
: . t at- . af I. s.,aa iv.iitinrii.iila tn
neat o 11 iv . a... . ..-.v. -...... w
the scene of disturbance, it Judge
Black objects to the examples cited as
applicable to bis ease, so much the
fas. Via aaaa U it IHTIti. that tO
.UIW, -v aavaaa . -- g ' ,
sustain it he had to disregard the limita-
twos of the coBsuiution, ana so outrug.
of tne constitution, ana so ouvragu
. . . . a - i .1
the oeopie ot soatn arouua ana taose
of thVcctig-nas States that thev could
. TTv . . - ..
not be retted upon u ausvatu tue miiuii
rf dk-Generi Government, tbe jnst
of which thev had learned were
derived from the consent of the governed
and for that consent they turned to the
compact of union.
WKan it ahall nn Innrfr he nortnbtr tn
have instixatod and aided in the prose-
asntlran nf th war atrainsit the Southern
tea. when the sober second thought
t taa peep is snau nave luea an ac
count of wasted treasure, of sacrificed
- . a . . 11 l .,
fives, of aland saddened by the wail of
tte widow M t&c orpoan, ana tat, nut
1 dill at 1iiiniini f thnan innrw.
principles of free government for which
f I ... l.i.. . , . VCr as
IDS WHIIalll .waj.. ...- - sra aa-
Revolution ; aao w perpcme wuu
Union was formed, then, when con-
Kevolution ; ana to perpetuate wnicn
hm fooaoauun aaa tratsraity tne
of our political structures, the
ot nes-umt wicnaaaa towara
.r..1 MantliWi asf tlsA nn.irnt
Heseoted by Sooth CaroUns may re
eave tbe reward due to the wiadota aad
patijirtniTn of his conciliatory policy.
- - -
t . .t. ..i... .lc T ri"fir the I'.iuament I
i mai U u
which may be rendered upon the onpo-1
it i-vlirr of his bellicose adviser, nose
, . v j . - - - . rQ I
militarv laureLs were gathered so r j
from the field ss to be unstained bv ;
either tbe blood or the smoke ot name.
BE-tcvqin, Miss., July ), 18SS.
Sometime hew n.r you are.
Some times how dear you are ;
Then, then, so far, o far.
Like some far star you are.
-vine times, through you, through you,
I ee the gray ky bine.
And feel the' warmth of May
In the December day.
Sometime, sometime, I let
All burdens fall, forget
Ml cares, and every fear,
fn your sweet atmosphere.
Then, then, alas, alas!
Why does it come to pass.
Before the hour gea by.
Before mv dream doth die.
I drift aud drift aw.v .
Oat of your light of day,
Out of your warmth and cheer.
Your blessed atmosphere ?
Why does it come to pask ?
.a las, aud still alas !
Why dotli i he world prevail.
Why doth ths spirit fail.
Aud hide itself .war
Behind iu wall ol clay,
biuee time began alas!
Whv doe it eome to puss?
-Xora Peiry, iu Harper's Magssdt
She was buying lilies when Ralph
Alverton first saw her in Italy. It was
i .i . i : . . ,i ..l.i . . i ii
v. " .v , . . V i ii
of a girl with hair of thc same golden
red color as Carlo Dolce painted for his
"Angle of thc Annunciation." Ralph
Alverton. the artist, could not help
thinking of that picture as he watched
lier. lines in uano, turn .twa uum m-
. . - ,
lnno- atone ledsre of the l'alaO Stl'OZzi.
which serves as a nower stau in me la
Tornabuoni. The tall slight figure, in
her quaint costume of sage green, went
over one of the bridges to tbe other side
of the Arno. And Ralph went home to
hi- studio on this side of the river.
He had taken a fancy to the angel
painted by Carlo Dolce, and a few days
later found him seated with canvass and
.P. .. .T.
easel before it in tne ganery oi tne rim
sswbib coftyrai. nan .inrauj oeeu m nm
there; another easel, with a half finished
sketch stood bv the picture, and there
was a high stool left vacant. It was not
long before it was taken posesuon of by
its owner the girl with the hair and
I : I. - . 1 . . . .,,,rr.l -.I' tlio ,ii..ttini the
urauw, mc "f " ...v
resemblance showing stronger with the
removal of her hat. Side by side worked
the two English artists all the morning
with no exchange of words.
The next day he came with the fixed
purpose of winning a word from
..... r--- .
easily found in some appeal about their
.. .4 ltsfairl Kit a
her "rave lins. .-Mi opportunity was
common work; it was toiloweu oy a
mutual contemplation of each other's
painting. Ralph considered his own im
measurably the superior of the two,
but he did not say so, and talked be
cause he liked his listener. But the con
versation was brief; the artists were dis
creet ; and silence resulted.
" Ah, Idlias, so we have found you at
last!" cried a grand-looking matrosdy
lady, who, with double eye-glasses and
P.nerleL-er'n o-u ide-book. entered the Salle
o : ' ' . .
hortlX gn, the hour or closing fthe
was followed by ' fJ"Jnw
people, w ho came up and shook hands
"uu lUL fa" '""Y, 1 ' j ' T
ton, are you here? n0
of surprised voices, and then there was a
repetition 01 greetings.
traveling, one comes across menus in tne
,Tf the nartv. whoni thev called "Mrs.
. ,,. M ihniurht ' wprf. st:i, iiv
y t I L V" a
' ,,f What a
" . r iir ,
tnnio-c i nincirlence. that I should find
-o - . j J ,
mv two fneuds at work on the same
. .. Ml I
P'tttTFaS. '
. "7 " ir T Y ; n
Jtors suddenly grciv ; interested in the
"Angel of the Annunciation and in
n.1.1 unnt hpr V1 r t ;jil vnn nut tin her
- -- -.'.,,
irloia-nu anil rrfiv'f llor crltli'lMmrt Wit h all
i e."r" , , " . v
t lie freedom of an amateur who kuows
nothing about art. "Will I you come
and 3ee us this evening at he Hotel de
turope, Mr. Alverton? she asked,
I a they left the wllerjr.
Ralph accepted and came, in Mm.
in evening uiame naeo uer Crymueu.
Lilias did not make np her mind so
quickly. She was quiet and silent, with
a grave, sweet look which somehow con
nected itself with the Angel and the
Lily. But when it was time to go home
lli.h ottered to escort the ladies back
to the Caso Chiara. This was the first,
E." lite vow villain. a lata w xs vitc uiat, .
but by 'no means the last time that he
waiif with lailias along toe river side
: .u.,a tl... Ho-hta, ol rirtA a nA nrrraa trip
; f .,. r . y..-a
i ijtiUKv wist; vauain w -. usm. m
' .
. the other gle
They often met in the rooms of mu-
tu1, ir,enas, wnere tne evening wouiu
! v J Ji i.- u-,- c, i.-
SUVUVi AUll HWU, n UAH. VI aaaau
r, ' .. . . . , .
; nened, or did not nappen, tne enu was
i, ,-mp 0iWar! Ralr.h Alverton took
. peneu, or axa not nappen, tne enu
lhe me always; Ralph Alverton too
i care of Julias across the river, and lef
i v.pr fa,W at the Casa Chiara.
One day, bv special arrangement, the
Calvons and Lilias paid a visit to Ralph's
studio on the Lung Arno. Some of the
party lavished a good deal of ecstatic
admiration on hi3 paintings, which he
received for what they were worth; but
the- few words uttered in Lilias' low.
steady tone, and the flush of animation
aid interest on her otherwise clm face,
were things ha treasured. His studio
was filled with original designs. As a
rule he looked down on copyists, but he
had continued the copy of the "Angel
of the Annunciation' making his work
last just so long as the time -alias toot
; - .- .
to hm
f AlC v T3 ft
Meet ns at the Certosa to-morrow,"
said Mr. Calvon to Ralph; "Lilias has
promised to accompany us on a round
of farewell visits we wish to make to all
the principal sights before leaving Flor
ence. For leave we must this week
if Eustace does not appear. We have
waited long enough for him ; the heat is
becoming really insupportable." "Eus-tar-e."
n a son of Mr. Calvon and had
j m hnt wh
; i - ,
business appointment m London had
; nttherti. debtved him.
, r , , .. .v -
! Ph Alverton felt sorry thst the
viu crr
own sake they were pleasant friends
still more because it would mean a cessa
tion of those constant meetings with
Lilias. .
In the middle of the cloister garden
of the Convent of the Certosa there
ana a a a- W 11 U tt. whttt . T .
looking"' asked Ralph, leaving the rest
to toilow tne mons wno actea as mow-
StS-aSSa auu t-VUIJUJ mm V-mm wv " WS W MMJ-Of
stooping over the well's side, was gating
J T at- Ua Amr alaCl
U'jn u wimHl .uav a i a . vta.-.
I was trying to think of a wish."' she
said, looking up with a smile. "These
old wells always give me a childish fan
cy to wish ; they make one think of the
' r, j V ."
j t?'1
wtsntng-weiis in wnicu one nsea, ss s
.t . . . ,. ,.
t !. wk. T . " aatat ..!
siui..nv. .. aaas.a mm ijiuw Quiucrn.
There was nothing in the words ; whether
it was the tome, whsther it waa omething
she read ia hi eyas ss they stayed find
ar - ' HT tl - - - -1 - - A -J .
in the air, Lilias could not have
! Udd; but there, by the convent wall,
j she nested for tbe first time that Ralph
loved her.
Together they leaned over the old
stone side, anil looked down into the
1 1 .. . 1 - ( . .
i low the waters reflected against a back-!
ground of blue ky, across which ati
! that moment a fleecy cloud was sailing ;
Ralnl. wth wns that the dav mhrht '
I come when rtorence s river should
. v. n -! .Km, 1,1
! divide them no longer. Lilias wish that
' the morrow might brine Eustace
jCalvou to Florence. So, silently, the
i two contrarv wishes were sent down the
old well Ralph guessing nothing of
how lh yjj- wil4a dashed with his
, . . .1. ... .. ..
town; iias just tuasviwu --
-j j, sr,Culd not agret .
j m.-.. ,. ..vn.-wi ilic nnv r-
a. s. v it .asi - - , :
jen joj,, the carriages waitiug iu the
, , fa enlraiiw ad they all
Jro.. to plorence. And the sole
;i ..,..I . l nnminrlftil of
UIV1C UilVai HV aaas ..... - - - - - .
: silence-bound monks, unmindful of the
world s love stories, came out at unset
to draw water at thc old well, which to
them was nothing but a source of com
mon usefulness.
A few days afterwards, in the early
morning, the artists were left standing
on the platform, from whence a pile ol
luggage from the Hotel 1' Europe had
just been cleared, waving adieus to the
express train going north. Both were
sorrv for the departure of their mutual
friends ; both also had special cause in
their regret. Lilias would have liked
to have met Eustace Calvon again ; she
would have described him as "an old
friend nothing more f ami so when he
did not come she was not broken-hearted
but bore the disappointment very philo
sophicallv. Had they met that Summer
the old friendship might have rijeiied
into something stronger, but business
claims detained young Calvon for three
days longer than" the patience of his re
lations could endure, aud when he was
free it was in the Engardine not in
Florence that he joined them.
Mr. Alverton soon made thc discovery
that the old ladies the chief occupants
of the pension where Lilias was living
were most charming aud delighful peo
ple. And so it hapcued that at last
his evening visits became a scarcely les
- ,.,,.tna than the nm)eaincc of
the 8 o'clock tea tiay with its two large
teapots of watery tea. It was never a
dingy, never a poky place, that salon, t.i
Ralph, for tbe girl with the golden glory
nair oi tne angei was tueie, aim m
presence made it seem to him an earthly
paradise. And somehow, even though
the surrouniung- were a crown in oiu
maids in smart evening caps, bad tea,
and a cracked old piano, Lilias learned
better every evening what the wish was
thai Kalpb'had at heart ; and her own
wish faded out of memory. Eustace
was far away, and bad never been more
than "an old friend;" Ralph Alverton
was close, and made her understsnd
that he would not be content until he
reached a higher standing than mere
Lilias surrendered. They settled it
in so many words one day at the far end
of the Cascine where Lilias had been
left to wait for a friend. The friend was
late in keeping her appointment, aud
Mr. Alverton happened to arrive instead
There, on a stone seat just beyond tht
monument to the India Prince, I.ilia.
promised everything required of her,
while some light fludy seeds from a tree
overhead fell, scattering at her feet, and
eddied lightly around north, smith,
east, west, like emblems of uncertainty,
but words were said which sealed two
fates, aad close beside them flowed the
yellow Arno, which soon should separate
them no longer.
Happy days were those which followed :
happier" dav wus that to whieh they
looked forward iu the following June.
But before that day which was to give
them to one another, came Eustace Dal
von to Florence. And with bim came
discord between the lovers, now it be
gan, how it continued, who wits most to
be blamed, none but themselves could
ever guess; but Eustace Calvon uu
somehow (unintentionally) the center
chord which caused the jar. Ralph grew
jealous, suspicious; showed heat and
hastiness. Lilias was proud, resentful
and turned cold as ice. The whole Oil
von party had returned to Florence, and
Ralph chose to disapprove of them all
He complained that Lilias lei herself be
monopolized by them, that Eustace
talked too much to her; that he would
not endure it; he would not stand it
Lilias conscious that no cause fur wrath
existed, and finding Eustace simply
friendly and civil, resented such Injus
tice, and affirmed, impatiently that "no
one should make her cast off old friends.''
Circumstances and misunderstandings
helped to widen the breach, until the
Climax was reached one day in high
words on the Ponte di Carraja, where,
without farew ell, they parted she across
the hridtre to ono side, he across the
bridge to the other side. 1 ttvided ! yos,
they had chosen ai vision.
A great crowd blocked the bridgeway
and lines on either side the river s em
bankments a black, silent crowd, w hich
all the day long hangs over the parapets,
watching thc water below.
"A boat upset two men drowned
tho bodies are being searched for." So
passes the news through Florence.
Lilias learned it on her way homeward
at midday. There passing along the
Lung' Arno she learns, too, the added
rumor, "One is an English artist."
"Let me take you home," says Eustace
Calvon, finding her with blanched lips
adrift in thc crowd. lie Jeaus ncr nir
ther up thc river Bide, and guides her
faltering steps across one of the higher
bridges, which is deserted. Neither
speak their fears in words, but before
many hours have passed all Florence
proclaims it for them : "Mr. Ralph Al
verton is the name of thc missing Eng
lishman." Eustace hastens to his room
only to find tbe report confirmed: "Mr.
Alverton went out with a friend iu an
open boat; it was thought they intend
ed to sketch on the country banks."
All day thc search is made ; all thc
day, from early morning to late night,
the blackness of on lookers is there.
Night comes, and still they hang over
the bridge's parapet a motionless, sad
dened mass, spell-bound to the snot.
But tbe pleasure and the business
continue; strangers come and go from
palace to church to see the sights; car
riages drive out to the Casino to listen
ti-. tl, band rilr-flsaut iniorOIUDtU par
mm v 1 i j . t e a
ties make the evening round of the cafes,
and afterward walk back to their boteb
or apartments by tbe side of the river
irf.n.-.ith whose moonlit waters the dead
t ,i,dn her balcony alone in
i ",;,- t, .,... '
' I" lUtJvU K - I
1 the second da;
1111. iiiwwM.g... a I - - -
thai aa.asnd rlnv9 search has been as 1 nut
less as the first; the crowds have dis
persedthe people have gone away
-.l.-t" tn ttaaair li.-.mf.. .--!':. lll4 ntlt
ff'M li sa . i. " - . -
upon the cold, silver-radianced water
flowinar ever onward; the line ot briKhi
lights fling tbeir reflection across the
-;.-- -.n fithf-r nitrhta. hnt one window
on tbe other side is darkened there
iliiniaa nn cnod nieht .i--nal there.
Across the bridge come hurrying with
swift, noiseless steps, a weird proce3siou
nf those whose office it is to carry tht
1 1 it... -Anfi-rnrnltv a. f tViaft
uu .aai. av. .v.. ......... v.
Miericordia disguised figures, robed in
. . . . , , ... , a ,
biacc irom neao to loot, oniy mt
-.. I.U.laa Tan anil tun t lip v an
vjva ' .... -. . -- r
carrying lighted torches before and af u r
the corpe. some among tnem.it may ts
noble or citizen have just been called
from the dance or feast to serve, as the
have bound themselves to serve, at a'
times of necessitv. Another minutt
they have hastened1 away on tbeir mid
night mission ; the dare of their torches
is seen no more.
Lilias, standing mute, unmovable in
tVu mnhnlicht. remembers bow on that
bridge two days before she had parted
with him she loves; recalls the proud
hard words which have been their last.
and tries very hard she tries to
realise that beeween them now runs the
River of Death, and that before she can
whisper the word "Forgive:" she must
wait until she, too, shall reach "the
olher side."
"O Ralph, if you were here but for one
short moment, I think I could make you
understand: men, as u in au-ner to
W hal.-ntt.n crv. some one who. un
noticed, has with rapid, uncertain steps
a . .1 : 1 1 .1 !-
pOSSea twice or luim imu un; uiutir
ny, pauses and looks np and calls her
Down in tne trout vestibule, still lett
opened to the street, with none near but
Kaa a4 katfilan asa.n.irtr. uH 1 as. ma
the glad news that all Florence has been
a,0 .a
saner a mistate, tnat jtaipn nas come
home from bis prolonged stay in tne
campagna; that tbe River of Death has
been but tne a ream or two aaa aays ;
and that Raloh "understands" already.
and has corns to make her understand.
Jfo river need longer divide them.
"Will you come to me there on the
other side"!"' Ralph asks once more.
And Lilias answers, "I will come."
The new atria af sssntiemec rrasBUU.
the arm of tfaetr ladv companion in
walking, may be the lat-rf agony, but
is not generally ad mi V
1 nr. or to Of Til- woaLo.
Thi jrdn day
from Batatas sgf
a... la-
1 belitvc We nerrr aball graw old.
ncTtr morc u,., eonim, r apleoJor
Lt ua be ieve no Living man or maid
Shall ever lie their lenrih beneatli the
Thst love shall nr-Vfr like a drriua ball
teld. , i
float from ths mrrry sWicr-.t info shade
To-day let l.fe be as tho- Tm a isles.
Of !ovr hiil.!ea froro the world ay.
In e tr.bns where ib- luisk-ffioged night
ingales. Haunt th- dri. hollows, and toft fountain
Where ...- it j iuuguhtre as.i.in never
pal s.
Its scarlet lins to eep for yerdy.
Justin 11. Met artsy.
Time and I again-t any two. Phillip
the Socond.
The most difficult thing iu life is to
know yourself. Thale.
luoir .
Seven Stories of Noted Women.
Two ladies contended for preced
ence in the court of Charles V.; they
appealed to tho monarch, who like
Solomon, awarded, "Let the eldest
go first " Such a dispute was never
known afterwaids.
One of the nrincipalgraces of Sarah
Duchess of Marlborough, was a pro
digious abundance of hair. One day,
at her toilet, to anper her ord, she
cut oft'her comniaudiug trcsc and
dung them in his free.
NoOaluaa, the sculptor, was a par
agon of parsimony. In his house
candles were never lighted at the
commencement of evening, anil when
ever be and his wile heard a knock
at the door, they would wait for a sec
ond rap before "they lit thc candles,
lest the first should be a ' runaway"
and their caudles should lie wasted.
When the Princess Charlotte ol
Mecklinberg came over to be mar
ried to CJeorgc III., she was guy the
whole voj-nge, sung lo her hart-si-
and left the door other cabin
When she first caught sight
.f St .Tami.' Palace she turned pale
The Duchess of Hamilton smiled.
dear Duchess," snid tht Princess
you may laugh.' You have beeu
married twice but it is no joke for me.
While Frederick Morel, the greut
scholar utid printer, was employed on
bis edition uf "Laba-ius" one day, ho
was told that bis wifo w:ts suddenly
taken ill. "I have only two or three
.cntences to translate, and then I will
come and look at her." A second
message informed bim that she was
dying. "1 have only two or inree
sentences to translate and I will be
there by the time you will" replied tho
philosoppher. At length he was told
ihat she was dead. "1 am very Borry"
said be, going on with his work. "She
was an honest woman."
The marriage of Racitie was an act
af penance neither love or interest bad
.my .hare in the union, -lis v ile
was a good sort of woman, but per
haps the most insensible of ber sex,
aud the most proner person in tho
world to uiortily the passion of lice
rary glory and ti.e momentary exul
tation of literary vauitv. It it scarce
ly creidble, but most certainly true,
since her own son relates the fact,
that she never had seen acted, nor
read, uor desired to read, the traga
dies which rendered her hutband so
celebrated throughout Europe. She
had only learned some of thoir titles
;n conversation.
Maria and Elizabeth Gunning, who
ippeared at the court of George 111.
--one at tbe age ol 18 anil tbe other
19 Were two girls of surpassing
neniity. "They nre declared," writes 1
Walpole, to be'ihe hautlfomest girls
n earth." They can't walk in the
park, or go ti vaurhall, but nuch
crowds follow them that they are
generally driven away." One. day
they went to see Hampton Court
As they were going into the Ilea" ty
Room another company arrived. The
housekeeper said; "This way, ladies
here are the beauties; The Gunniugs
flew into n passion, nnd asked her
what she meant. They Went to see
the Court and not to be shown as a
sight themselves. The younger of
the sisters became the Duchess oi
Hamilton ; the other became Endy
( 'ovenfry.
The Mad-Stone.
Whim informed that achild of Dr. A.
M. Dealer, of Jastier county was bitten
about three weeks ago by a mad dog.
The dog showed every symptom of mad
ness, and another Hog nitten ny nun
about the same time died with hydro-,
phobia. Dr. Dozier sent nt once to Hon.
A. R Carter ot this city, tor a man-stone,
applied it to the wound, and the child
recovered and is now perfectly well.
. l I If "I a
lhe mau-stone wnicn .ur. warier
I,.. . Vwv.ii in hi nriH-cssinn for fortV-Ji.s.
years, and was found in thc maw of a
deer killed in Terry County when he
was a small boy. His father gave it to
him and he has kept it ever since, It i
a smooth, oblonfr, ovai-snapeo wm-,
somewhat smaller than a hens egg, and
if a hrntvn cnlnr. It anneals to be form
ed in lavers. ami where it has been used.
thejoutside layers have been rilert througn
lasvirirr a fmflcc about a half inch in diam
eter, that is applied to the wound. The
stone is saia to on porous, anu wut-u
heated in warm mil - or water, and placed
on tbe wound, adheres to it, and absorbs
thc poison, and as soon as it is SDSiracteji
loses its adhesiveness anu is i.-ea
Dr. Dozier who is a practicing physician
of many years experience, aud a very
intelligent gentleman, nas great tuu
iis virtues and thiuks it a sure remedy
for hydrophobia. There are several
art -stones m tne state, out tne one owu
sd by Mr. Carter is tbe onlv one we know
f in East Mississippi.-! Meridian Ob
I.i:t.tr. Harris is a heroine and mar
tyr in the eyes of the Mormons. She is
confined iu tbe penitentiary, near Salt.
Lake City where she is daily visited by
men and women high in the Church, who
continually exhort her to bold firm, and
not betray" her Saviour in tbe bands of
the Gentiles. In the Mormon belief, a
woman's husband is her only Saviour,
and she cannot lie raised after death
except through him. Belle's case is a
test one under thc Edmunds law. Sev
eral vears ago a saint named Clarence
Merrill took ber for his third wife. She
has borne two children, whose paternity
has never been questioned. Merrill is
being prosecuted for polygamy. Belle
Harris wa9 summoned as a witness.
Were you ever married? She refused to
tnswer questions as to her marriage.
Jonsequentlv she was adjudged guilty
f " a" . 1 . 1 a .
)i contempt ot court, anu wrnvmrnrnwrn t
." a! An tn be imprisoned
r . - .
until sni'. snouia oecomc a ith i.n... mi
Equalizing he Taxes.
The Board of Eouuiixatinii. composed
if the Board of Supervisors and reaL;
owners in each supervisor s district, emm
tered upon the discharK' ol its uutics on
Tuesday last by taking up th.- pcr-'pal
roll for the first district. The Uutrd
settled the average value of cattle, tdMen
and coats at 7. $1 50 and ct -uai.
. J
tpectively in tne orucr name i. owuae
imnnllr flftunmedat f 1 IK T heart
although the "average hog i supposed to
ne wonn more man uic "jr uwp,
and the bnnrd did not interfere with the
popular estimate,
Xr !. n Tlaasm naAti nf R-aK. m
m . J 1 Tit t J ".Z
tatauy poisoneu urmcii mn vmjm mm
hv takinr a wiUMrlassf lib Of Carbolic
acid thronch mistake She intended to
take a glass ot outer spring water, tne
krattlo i-nntainin- which was kent UDOn i
tho name ahelf with the carbolic acid i
bottle, and resembled it. Knowing that
tVaa littiir n-atasr wus unn MMBt in tl
iaiaa .hi. , lwuifrht i.Kn nn 111 drink tl
r1avn nl.l.-Jclv 1 tno auicklv for hi
. a ? .
own good, one sunereu roe tniw mm
pains, ana .uuuusu iu j.i .aa
ware administered and four physic
. l . . 1 1 a - ,
ar r-alUl in. her life could not
The death rate of New Orleans, dur
Ing the present year, has been: White J
na. nnii rnl V. If. This IS abont SOU) J
for the whites to that of most large cl tic
oat tne neavy mortauty ot taa
nmrfti that it is snMHia the mini
pie the pale reaper gets ia his
t. M m mmret ftsesasai

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