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The clarion. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1883-1888, October 03, 1883, Image 1

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.aajj m niruuu.AJ, -aw tj i-wv
in aa. i n - ;
-.I aiil iiftA i ft nrttiHh
,, n l shall feel obliged for prompt
mi either of Ikejournalt Mawf fre-
gRS-I.uocrat, (Weekly)
.l.mrual. W
Rarilr Herald,
Itfiilir ,-... ........
'ii.u!turit, . Y.,
H.-j.le. (Weeklr,..
ril"n- ( weeny),.
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no-;.-, oo no oo 140
esioo l.v) i3.ni
,.le after rt Inaertlon, a Dion
''' ii. umd. ta all otrc-t of t
i". . ..... ...... .m ia. .n, ,.
' ji,,.onI"
j,)'"'... , invrtol t the rate pra-
aw"" ,, . v.r wiinl. first lOWTtion ; r
V ' , i,,i,.n .l iii-nlon, nd cent" for
gTT.Hiintf'" , . ,
a..f " I .... ;..a.rf...l far a lanrflr
"ntli. ""' '"J U""' oi "IW
aire-' '
. .Jamr-l
to appear on local patfe
Mir car in-rti'ill.
i.m anl I '"'
I.,- linlli
ur fc-xiogto"
i, editor and pro
tin wan elected
September 21st.
i tin- "(Mitral
W-t'""1".. -aa- fn.t
I lie prtJWfwtw i-
1 to bo ery nne.
i TO.
Papers for
JJ f,.r C
2 Cents.
V,v Virk Dai lies
-ta piece. The
. Uit to make the
A Fatal Eailroad CoHMoft.
Mr. S. H. Vinsou, a brother of
Viasou of thu city had hia leg bf
in a railroad collision at Seymour,
a few days since. He u now at hia
home in Smith county, and is thought
to be doing Tory welL Five other were
seriously injured at the tame time. The
affair is thus described in a telegram to
the Times-Democrat :
St. Lor is, Sept .Passengers who
arrived on the delayed Ohio and Missis
sippi i nun tnis evening report a serious
avviucui navtux oceurreu near ocy uiour,
III., at 4 o'clock this morning, by which
two persons were killed and quite a
number wounded.
It appears that trains No. 3 and 5,
which left Cincinnati at 6:45 and 7:15,
respectively, last night, were under or
ders to run slowly ntarrieymour in con
sequence of the track's being in bad con
dition. NoSpiekeJ up a sleeper and
One coach from Louisville at North Ver
non, the intersecting point with the
Louisville line, and passed on. When
four miles west of Seymour, and while
running about three mites an hour, as
per orders, it was run into from the
rear by No. 5, which was going at a high
The passenger coach, which was in the
rear of the sleeper, was driven nearly
half-way through and partly on too of
l. .!,.".,,. ..o. Vw: 1... .1 1 ..
uic n i v; " i , wbji vfa iiug ij.h ill
damaged. The engineer of No. b and a
little child of Mrs. Taylor, were killed
and a dozen or more severely wounded,
some of them having bones broken and
others being badly bruised.
The cars of No. 3 were brought on
In re, those of No. 5 were sent hack to
Cincinnati. Most of the wounded were
local passengers and were left at their
houses on the way West. Three or four
only came here, and they could give no
infiinuHtioii as to names. It is asserted
the accident was caused by train No. 5
disobeying orders almut running slowly.
Among the wounded arc: Mrs. Tay
lor mother of the child killed, who was
injured on the head and breast; Mr.
I'eandue, of (Ireen Kidge, Mo., had a
leg broken; Mrs. Peandue, an arm
broken; James T. Manauu, a leg and rib
broken ; Albert Ridge, head and should
ers hurt; a porter of the sleeper, name
unknown, severely injured in the breast.
The name of the dead engineer is not
known. It is said train No. 5 left Sey
mour immediately behind No. 3, and
was miming at the rate of 30 miles an
hour when she itrttck No. 3.
e Clarion
Vol. Xlvi. Jackson, Mississippi, Wednesday, October 3, 188
No. 40.
Uncle tea a Landowner.
The following is an editorial from the
Philadelphia Ledger and Trandseript.
it gives the various land systems prac
ticed by the government so concisely
that we take pleasure in reproducing it.
It might be mentioned by way of infor-
nituin in wimp-indeed we had an in-
The following story in taken from the
Louisville Courier-Journal. We will
not be expected to vouch for its truth:
s,,ms iwwl ctnrim were, told on the
train that bore Presideat Arthur to this
citv. Politicians American pOliliuss,
at least are proverbially good story-
...n.., ...! toll lwtlV aforil-s than
k m.n n the rmint a few davs k'eiituckv noliticians. AH the cabinet
. . . . ' . . .'if iw
Rifling the Mails.
.1 tt,,. nii-t master
t. rhaneed with taking money
is take"
,r trial.
Col. Geo. Enapp Dead.
,s;ttine Bull 1S 1101
., ,i ...... i K received
M " " ...
yj-Be Church at rort laws
t i:.,...I rsnfwinT tn
L,. t n.l'V iCI Ml""l
ye in-.
(j-herui kk two wive-
Now ton
tk re
I term Of
if. Vance
was con
sentenced to the
II i conn-
real fal
.... .-, ri'ii it . . -
,1, .
I ..f iriiirv am
:. ;..rv Fnr -.-von years.
Btwsssdsiitted to nan in uicsu...
Lit Swwoa has a musical and
Lrv ..Ki.-iv. The exercises or recre-
1 ..,,.1 iMlfSBCB.
thr nwlins "f -sv, ami selections,
ioti.aml general discussion.
wii usl wince r sou ! -
hretekia this city, wmca was me
i niu. li pleasure and profit, and
why it might not be
b n
nt urv
The Kemper County
kitMi'v met in t. invention .-eoii..-
!4tha:nl mmiiiiated the following
For Floater, W. P. Kvans; Rej-
...... , . tv. i..;tr
lUtive, K. f.iocuran; ror ,
It l'.l.- i 'l..,. i.i v ITIerc. At. r.
II. I.II'H . ' !... '
t ireuitt lerk, J.i'.. Oden; Tre
w V I'n.lir A-MMsnr. .1. H.llar-
Swnmvnr. I ieo. V. Oden: Coromr
Rsnwr.Z. EL Patrick.
The Georgia Legislature.
eUiiriria li-lature atijourneu on
... . . i - -
emtlL imnng me nan "
IOoii hills were considered. The
luisln'cn redistricted to conform to
w-riitai'Hirtiiiiiment.havingiiow ten
ul of sine i kmaressman. 1 he Leg
ore is vi.-itim: the Louisville r.xpo-
i it the invitation of Senator Joe
i, siul are eiitertauieu as me gwon
ne Rate of Kent nek v.
he Masmchnsetts Democeatic con-
met Sent. 26, and after a some-
atiterinv iiiieinni: reuotniiiateu vro.
Riul. r fnr liovernor ana the
Bvio for the remainder of the
a . . i - i . .1,
tetictrt: Ueut. liovernor, rreuenca
Prince; Secretary of State, Charles
ike; Treasurer and Receiver General,
Uy H. lugalls; Attorney Genera',
ks W. Cmnmings; Auditor, John
ekiiw The Greenbacks have also
uioited Butler.
Col. Geo. Knapp, the Senior proprie
tor of the St. Louis Republican, died on
the I8th of September, on board the
steamer Pennland, on his way from
Europe to America. The Republican
of September 26th, has the following
"On the first moment of a great grief
neither tongue nor pen can be trusted
t measure the loi-s sustained, or pay a
suitable tribute to the departed. We
must wait until another time to say
what should be said in these columns of
George Knapp. The Missouri Republi
can is perhaps, his noblest monument
' 1 . , l.M V..r nwirl.
and most eloquent euwgj.
than 56 years in various capacities, from
apprentice to editor, to proprietor, he
was connected with it, and his life was
a large part of the lite oi tne journal,
which was hi,- joy and pride. io n ne
devoted the best energies of mind and
hi u i V from bovhmxl to manhood, troin
1 ii. i.
manhood to advanced age, am mougu
hr died away from the scene oi nw mug
labors seeking in vain for the health and
i .... I . . . 1 ..,, .- lift
strength these laoors nan ij"
may be said to have died in the harness,
faithfullv and conscientiously woiuiig
to the last. Though the Republican
now represents the zeal, energy and the
wisdom OI more iua B"T- y
it i. ,m injustice to his nred-
cessors to say it owes more of what it is
. i - .. .1 ,,thnr
to-dav to Ueo. rvliami man w m
,1 while this child ot ms oraiu aim
i .nfrini liis niemorv can never
iniiu o ,
: .1.
1 .... , .uu tn Kt Louis
her people know. He had something
i ft.., t L-nul v tee l w hich ov-
niore mail lhi. j - . o , .
i . ,,, .,,-v ,.iio1 citizen, lie loveu
the citv witll an anicui --i
love, and gladly gave lumse t and hi
influence to its service at all times am
... niiinrorise. larsre o
at auv vwc- v' - i . ,
n'whiph nromised to further the
. . , r sit T .nU directlv or indi
iniercsi ui i . : . fti.;.
tiv over failed to sram his sympathies
i !,....w.rt nnil not a few of thost"
' ... ii.nt h.ive done the. most to
. .i JOt hriirht. with realized
make uu: vr-r - , ... ...
i.iosperitv and me iumi-
1 . ' i :,i,mni,imoiit. are indebted tor
.- o.,...... if not for their origin,
. i.:.. f.,,.rii-liii!r vision, indomitable
will and untlinching perserverance
.... .-i:..i ;.. anfli a cause he lit
Wlieil cnuMcft ... --
.11. li.ew no such words as tail.
' :w Uo .ll-nuraced. he never
Winers nuu. o .
;i,i nhanilon the seeming
Wft : Olllcrs iuig". " , ,
w iopeteM taik, he never did; others
i "it tail, he never did, and he found
lat was to him an all-sufficient reward
he rrowth. in the wealth, beauty and
"" .-O. . . t K ni i V
- " Sh-
a U . 1 !. -v rii
since tliat lauu lying nujueeui.
farm of anyone who had never taken
advantage of the homestead act, can be
entered by him or her to the extent ot
120 aero:
The distinctive features of our land
policv, as it exist to-day, are two: first,
the Government desires to tansfer the
public lauds to private owners, who will
develop their resources; and, second, to
foster small holdings, to be owned abso
lutely, in fee. The United States has
never desired 'o remain a land owner.
The reason usually given is that the
Government realizes more from taxa
tion on improved values than it could
by retaining the laud for an advance, or
bv becoming a landlord and managing
its own estates; but it would be difficult
to demonstrate this, and if the contrary
were shown, the Government would not
now change its policy. Indeed, a very
large proportion ot our lanoiess citizens
have come to regard the public domain
. , nr.,
as the heritage t tne people, inei
concede the legal title to be in the tiov
ernmeut, but the lands are "public
lands," held in trust for settlement. Any
attempt to lock them up or reserve them
for any" purpose, is considered an fn-fringemc-ut
of the sovereign preroga
tives os the settler. This feeling is so
strong, that when it becomes necessary
for the l resident to reserve oy r-ittu-
lit... .ilar anv tlArt mil of tilt' nllbHc
1.1 It VIUV. - - J f - 1
domain from settlement, as for the tem-
porary use ot a nomeiess inuiau inut,
the act costs the Administration much
popularity in the West.
it mav be considered settled that no
policv withdrawing or withholding per
manently from entry any large portion
of the public lands will ever be adopted
in the United States. In consequence
of the rapid development of the coun
try, the lands have become much more
valuable than thev were when this pol
icy was inaugurated. By putting up
alternate sections at auction, the tov
ernment could have realized an immense
revenue; vet the tendency has been to
charge the settler less, rather than more,
for the land he is permitted to enter.
Ciider the homeatcad law, which better
than anv other represents the spirit o
our present land policy, the settler in
most of the States and Territories where
entries can be made pay to the Gov
ernment eighteen dollars only for 1W)
acres of land. ,.
In the earlv history of our land policy,
after the "Northwest Territory and
"Louisiana" became the property of the
nation, the lauds were offered at public
auction aud freely old to all buyers
This system, and that of the Royal
grants imd charters which preceeded it,
both lavored tne iorniauuu w. ""p"
r...u.mrntlv. fostered the
growth of a landed aristocracy .
ft. . . . i A .1... i.,.l r.f the
this policy tine to me ...uvo ----South
passed from the Government to
private nanus, anu mure n .......-e,
prevent the establishment of great plan
tations, which have exercised an oovious
influence upon the history and polity ot
that section of the country.
Afterward, and while lands were still
. . .1 C .... 1 . m ,1 : It, , I". . II t
,.i..i .it, in tne ooum, " v....v......
officers tell excellent stories, Lincoln
especially. He seems to have inherited
it. But about the best story that was
told on the whole trip was one of Col.
John Mason Brown's. It was not a
humorous story, but relate to a bit of
secret war history that is exceedingly
interesting. It is vouched for by Uol.
Brown. The story runs as follows:
It may be remembered that about
1860 and 1861, just as the great rebel
lion was being inaugurated, there was
great talk of the scarcity of ammuni
tion ou the anion side. It was well
known that the war would be a Titan tic
straggle, the wrestle of giants, and the
materials of war were not so plentiful
as were necessary. One day the brother
Of Mr. liedemont uuront, wnonow runs
a great gunpowder manufactory in Dela
ware, received a message from Mr. Sew
ard, the minister of war, to come imme
diately to Washington. The message
was urgent, the time cityical and Mr.
DnPont knew that it must be a grave
matter; he hurried on to Washington,
and Mr. Seward held a conversation
with him immediately after he reached
the city.
"You know how tight we are for ar
ticles of war," began the great minister;
"now I want von to start immediately
for England "and buy up all the salt
petre in the European market. The
government has implicit confidence in
you. We know your knowledge of salt
petre, and that you are able to buy bet
ter aud cheaper than any agent we could
send. Buy everything up-the gold
will follow vou on the next steamer
Mr. Da Pent hurried off to New lork
and caught the first Liverpool steamer.
When he arrived in England, he went
to the banking house of Brown, Ship
lev & Co., with whom he transacted all
his business. He told them his object
i.i coming there, and asked them to ad
vance him 2,&00,000. The head of the
firm was most polite; he bowed to the
around, he smiled and rubbed his hand,
but reallv the sum was so large, and
really they could not afford to give it.
They would like the best in the world
Mr DnPont. etc.. etc. Mr.
DuPont failed to get the money.- He
posted over to see George Peabody, the
millionaire banker. Peabody listened
to him with profound attention, inter-
I 1 1 1 A.Y. nl.SAII'l
rupting now and men wim a sine""
question. At length he said :
It vou Will guarantee iui s"
will come over by the next steamer
T it-, 11 ailvunfia Villi the money.
Mr. DuPont immediately started out
and bought up every pound of salt
petre in the market. He chartered a
steamer, hired a crew and began loading
it. He was just under good headway
...i...- .,,,.u,i,K' mi order came from the
II UCIl aimuvu.; .... "
foreign office: "Lord Palmerston for
t.lii saltnetre." Mr
UIUS ml .-ii,,'!'-"--- T , ft A
i-..t..ft .....a iinnifniinilMi. and hurried
1HU Ulll - ,
tho r.reniiar s office. iiOru
MIUUIIH -" , I " .... ,
Palmerston was polite and attaoic, out
firm. Ihey were munitions- m
.i ....i,i'ft lw tViiimi-iL It was m
ftUoft Lr TiiiPmit. showed his let-
ters; in vain that he told it was his gov
ernment. Lord Palmerston was courte-
K..ft ..K.ftini.tA ' Mr. DuPoutat once
HIP y , t .
..t f.r hnnif leavinir orders witn
t Story.
Arkansaw Travel
The building t k railroad through
the Black monnUm in Arkaasaw, ex
plained a mystery ah for years was
regarded asbeyeaad the power of earth
ly agencies to solve
Years ago whew traveling was by
stage coach or by private conveyance,
th7rod which ew-ed BUck moun
uia was regarded an the beat in the
State. At one place the road wound
around through a furrow pass, on each
side of which, rising perpendicularly
for hundreds of feof were massive reck
n- Tk. Ma im so narrow that It
: i ....; misiii si til driver to
.rt,, X without striking the walk.
, --o- ------ -
pUlCUaSilUlC " , . I Bv It uu " - u
r .. i ft..,l r. mi.nl the wants of i.: . ....... t. ..,t,-h thi saltnetre. He
IVlllCV Was unu Hiu vw . uls llliri. ,v """- - r - .
he North west. In 1841 the I're-emp- hasten(.d to
oo fvainl and told him all.
ia on v one WllV to uo mis
.. .......,,,i .ftivinir to the actual (iTI.
11011 act was u.moi... fe.'.-o i..c.v -
settler a preferred right to purchase, at thing'id Mr. Seward'wemust play the
-i . 1..-. ,,H IV I I'
he had located to the extent of lbO acres
onlv. Rut the prosperity ot me tow
ftii tn m iv me iact mai
west who pun ..."-I
r ....... ft. Iiiti0 tracts ot linds
iroui umi. w - jr-
1" i.v t ip ( xoveriiineiii. .c.
oeniK wnc.i. j - . . . .
i ..fu and held bv non-resident
.i: . ....... i ..f th reach of the pre
capitalist v,u. -hi .
enmtor: nor was me scim-i
... - . fti. i 9.r or S,2.o0 an acre re
to suniu mi. -.
quired bv the pre-emption act. Alter
. r 1..I., im fl ul Cmiress
mauv years oi muuiv...o -
;."t.,.i im lSiii to rias the "Home-
was inuueeu, m - i - , iiiwui. . r ----- .
stead law." This act granted a farm of j am rry to y that the government
v" - ... I. (ft.wrlki I . " AL.,imn 1 1 a itll ft 1 iT .
160 acres to every citisen who un8 .i
, . .,io i . i ii home upon tne
CI IOOSC M cow"" ,
. ...i.i:.. mw what was perni:
puuue iiiiumiui ---- ..-
".r ,...ol i.tift.rtiinee. although very lit
tie had been said about it, the practice
t .i,.-J;..a. " him s was WllOllV auan
, ,1 itP.i. tu;a ruftlh-v for twenty
uoneu. uuuti t---.-. --- -
years, it ha, been impracticable for a
single indiuiduai to ootain uno
., -. .. ft,i onv veTv liiriiC tract
of land in the Northwest. Settlers may
,.i..i.i natenLs and atterwara sen, oi
Kiivpra ilcsirimr to secure
manifold convenience ot tne city. course; but buyers desiring to sv.u.
s ,w it rise from the humblest beginning large tract8 of land for speculation ex
. ,t .iiPtronolis. Nor was this .
h. v. Farming' or
stockraistng, have
The Maryland
aocrtt.- in Ciuiveiitioti on 19th Npt.
oisateil for Governor Robt. M. Mc-
ae, of Baltimore; for Comptroller, J.
BkTarnu.nf Talbot ; aud for Attorney
erl. ( bsrles B. Roberts, of Carrol',
ticket and e-pecially its central
iwregarihsl by a great many Dem-
, who stand high in influence and
judgment U valuable, as acompar-
Nv a weak .me The lialtiuiorean
sot approve the nomination for
... i-,.-it metroooiis. --
Attachment and earnest service
. i . . t ..i, ia nlone. He was
eontineu to 'i. jwu.- --- ,
, : .i.wl in everything which
i i t ' t . It III tt. 1 - ----- - ,
u r r...i ... .i.a .ipvplooment aud prog
periauieu m r- ..,,, :n
Km of our State, ana u " vast acres ot lana in - T! ; -r anu ie V TrTZ
the great Valley, ne was a iuo.ue"v it ia8 preventea, in large ucK f, derea ins i.rea.isk.
ine. j ,..iA. anil arniir- r. . I ....w ti ttiA Nnrth. I . ... a liirAriAO and 1
Western man m meas, us.0 ..- r--.:
. ...i nothing that touched ever
Hlions. ----- o
11 .i-tiil'll III ri In " "
so remoteiy ..r-v.-- ,Qft
. . lurmii his Mate
ilirtt-rclit to nun, tne um uiro ' - ,
and his section, tnere America were royat .
found it extremely difficult to do so.
, i. ....I ....ii,.!- Tnftr!tiiK. u
Our national iauu y""-j ,.
p ii j i ...... ,-,..i ha. apenmuiiHiieu
lis lull aeveiup inii.. r rrj ,
these two objects: It has disposed o
. ...tnrl
It lias prevented, 6 o -- v s
. i: i- ftV. fnrmat.ion in the bortn.
not eiiuicj,
west of large landed estates, y.mw..
I or manors. . . , . :
Tk titlM ohtainea to laiius m
Sorth, South, Last
for his country nw w""'c"""
. . 'a ... . alwavs IVUU nil"
claims oi party j- . .
Xrdinate to" the claims of patriotism.
and no truer patriot c..
Why Southdown?
The size activity, and hardines of
these sheep especially fit them for short
rouTh PturK, on' which they will
riirive fairly where larger sheep would
Scarcely kelp alive. They do better o
me great Western plains than other
mutton sheep, as they are more mdus-
Hous in digging "JJt of
crass in winter, and thrive the best oi
flTbre-ds, West or East ; on andor
rocky jtrir-
thev are less nau.c . , z, . j
inc , tk tmiirh Merino, and
otne'':r I Hocks TheSouta-
iTanna 11;. ,.t lit aaVa what is the
f Unng for her to do when sne is
1 bv a partv of gentlemen v
ar " V.. nr"fflad to be able to
r this mi.-, ti, in Steal softly down
ass untie the dog.
. L . . i - ........ ,,i, .ni rv-
. Mftr neu mis prgiB- r lean be Kept i" 's . .
Mi various papers simultaneously d buckrosse3 jjrrtj -"S
cimen of genuine, original mascs .--r .,,,1 the mutton
1 rr. o V a-i.. at higher prices
: buds mucu 4U.V-.W - -- - t.rosDV
than the common sorts A first cross by
voolea rams on .".u e- - .
Lav be preferable, in order, to give
- ' . "i :. Ifttit t eross eaw
.ftinrn tat : Oil " li- "
savory flesh. ?J5i;"wanctard
lAlZ; Southdown
S crls is decidedlsapermr
TheSouthUown.. -
other tor 5.viv nl at fair
i wool, tliore, -hj -
wit. It occurs to us mat we
i other and similar proofs that
Is will run in the same chan-
vVire thV av-thcil
exbrcsses iuelf on bolting.
iag of the Kemper county Dem-
: t". m vent ion it says:
iw.u mUunderstand-
lihniat L . L!1 :.r . .. .mimitiim flat :
WTaa LUC OUCrlll 9 Iltrtii I 1
I Rush got a small majority of the
r vote ami hi. nniKineut Mi. J
.... .. . T t
stajoruy of the delegates. nrfceei- but while tne .C"Z.
atinn k"a h.i ;..AtAen and two- PrlceT;. r ,tA Timfit. mutton is the great
' " 5 t,."":,: ad one, lW . n Earlv lambs
Paai ftau.u "U9U U"S thine witn i :"i South-
itusn contenoea "V"i". can be more wusiy o"""" -nd
down ew tnau --zv - . to
these bring nign P"vvn.--,td ex
Junfe. Though more "J
I pwwve to prou -TT
.rth during tnesc , a
" " ' - - ; America nc iv. e: . .
whole country usuaiiy proprietary, and all of immense
and West. The ' Naturally the sub-grants made
with nun . .i i ,,.u nftinpalv nrnnpr-
bv those uoiuiug !." p.. ....,, r re
lies were not small. Sometimes an area
equal to several counties was cou.r,
by a single deed. Nearly all North
menca was covereu u wa
From sueh a beginning it must have
..i i:ii Vat thA enuntrv would
SCO 111 til llks-Ciy
become one of great landed estates, es
pecially when Pe ian V- h t e
mother country is considered. But the
ruling spirits among our ancestors at
the time of the Revolution entertained
a strong antipathy to everything savor
fng of aristocracy, and the evils of en
taued estates were then much discussed
in England. It was concluded that a
nation of small proprietors, holding
f ; f-A. would be more liros-
meir in - . . t Vi..
perousthana nation oi F-j-e
- . . r nr for life, or
rent ror ierm .', " " .i '
hotding bv any other tenure. The re
Su of the doctrine of primo-geni-turewas
a bold attempt to prevent the
perpetuation in families of large estates
Mdthe American doctrines of inheri
tance substituted therefor, which con
, .u . jm.r .a distribution of
l lU:.urTft tnlv difficult tO
keep any large esUte intact for more
than three generations. In the same
spirit the lana aepanmeui,, . - - -" ,
iWdy shown, has grmluaUynftod
into a metnoa oi uipwoiu6 r
iftftftia tndinsr to prevent such es-
tatos from being created. The prosper-
. . a. .a. ar s-svaft. k Avrn.
itr of the vigorous oimks oi w
west settled under this policy appears
indi viauai cio
certainly been successful.
this place was alsrays so dark and
gloomy that the traveling public dread
ed it, although no dofdatiou had ever
been committed these, and many at
tempts bad been made to cut a road by
another route but ail of the attempts
failed, and Bock Pnaa still continued to
be the gap through which the stages
were compelled to travel.
.-i :.. tka sim loaded with
I"" ZZJZX: drAt pert
.iTb.J .k. kmaa atinivd and the
Hr ... heard to -exclaim, "GreaTi
Godl w'
-ixtft...'. tka matterf demanded the
uperintendent of the road, who hap
peneu uoeii vu -"-"- . .
r .it . i.S" th driver said.
just cuuit? uftj.ft - - -
I ain't no coward an' have fit many a
man in my life, but if this thing aon i
Skerr tne! then I'm williu' to throw
down -the lines to the first man that
comes along." The superintendent got
out and in a tew moments uc
to sav : "If I bad room here I d run
twenty miles without stopping. Never
saw the like in my life- WTiat the devil
do you sup, ose it wantar
"Money !" came in a voice like a stifled
iof tha coach and edged
along the walU to get a view of the ter-
.. . .! imnt Frnni the
nuic bwui"6
middle of the road arose an enormous
A.. 1 .....,l nn 4 t thP
arm, witn tne siecve mmw -k- -
end of the arm, in the most natural wav
possible, was a large hand, pale and with
ft ... Tt. . ft. n am lit the
a subdued giow. r
hand closed in a kind of circle, and from
the hand came the surie. r-very on
was frightened, and the ariver, who
regarded as the boldest man in the coun
try, sat and shoo tne uut, -u
rwant money," again shrieked the
hand. .. . ftV..ii -:a
"Let us investigate tnis miug,
one of the passengers. "Afte w ies lie
here and attempt to tell of the adven
ture; we won't have anything to tell
onlv that we became frightened and
fave up our money to 7mv.v...u6
new not what." "I ani with you,
exclaimed the driver. "1 never w
bluffed vet by man, an u oo o -n.
Idon'targy with the devil an feel of
his weak oints afore I let him bluff me.
Come on, stranger, ami Vo"jr
ed down. The horses were so badly
frightened that they shook in every
joint, and the superintendent, having
lost all control of his courage, allowed it
r I.:... wkiU ha I AH 11 CI 1
to sup away ironi mi -
on one ot tne coacu ""Kl i
The two men approaclied the hand,
which lowered itself to receive mem.
the intelligent passengers own words
... i .-aFimo' i nil
we will give nis ; . -r
closer I drew to the appalling mng,
more confirmed became my i"Prf8'on
that it was supernatural. Suddenly the
: . . i.i ,. ni. mi irava
haad reacuea uowu, o- -
me a shake that I ean never forget. Its
grasp was cold and sent a chill through
me. As soon as released, I retreated as
fast as my trembling legs would carry
me. The driver was more unfortunate.
He attempted to grasp the hand, but
was seized and hurfed against the wall
... r ,. .1,-t atnnliMl him. Be-
witn a loic. ;; ----- .ft-
srston. Mr. im- gaining n r th'u
the servant-au un- he staggered away ---
and marcneu mio every nunc . - j
en. . .. .. . t
Just at this stege ot tne uunoiy pc.
formance. the hand drew up its ringers
and shouted :
"I want money, mie tortured men
. .. i j ami T am their
in hell aemanu u-uj," ,
agent. Give me all your money and
B ni.,u and I will bat
ter vour stage coach to pieces against
the walls. now can J"r
n-hn von shake us and sling us
around sot lisked the intelligent pas
senger. "I will lie on tne grounu.
proachand deposit your money on my
palm and I wilUot molest , you "Come.
1 : i .t. iftiialliirpnt, nassen-
gentiemen, saw
ler, "give me your money and I will
' JL, ;i I am sure that this is the
I i CUUVl - ,.-
only way we can ever escape.
one yielded and the intelligent passen
ger deposited the money m the hand as
. t r. v- -,r..,nl f'losin. its nu-
it lay oh iuo fti""-- , - " ...
gers ar 'U i .,, , ,t,i toA the bos.
peared. xne urivci .
ihe passengers resumed their places and
thetageVoceded or . Us journey
Great excitement rrr
storv was toiu m u.v . , -
matter-of-fact people were F"-" "
scotl at the passengers rr-"
c r.,.,;H i abirnn a weu avuvf w u
tPHrS I 'ft iyl voiiv"
black-smith ridiculed the passengers so
mercilessly that there came very nearly
i.i,Ji .hr1 Quite a number of
DCl UK. s-r .
the boldest men m w e'- - - p
back with the stage and investigate the
the mystery. ui(i
"Here s a c nance un yy, , ' , ;
CapUin Lomal, addressing the black-
8f can't leave home," Cddron re
plied, "I am not afraid, for I don t be-
fhoru anvLDiii- iuc
valnable. The hand stretched itself
aatka anuliul anil Rrll T ton . bcinr
sored that he would not be harmed, de-
. a ay. rW
posited tke monev in Its paim. mm
the hand disappeared. When the stage
MukI t L. nnt tj-tarn tha villamia wers
thrown into a high state of excitement.
. . . .
The adventurers wouia not return uy
the Bock Pass route, but walked over
ftWa ....ntwin Whpti tltv rp-fti-hft-il I t-
tle Rock, the captain sought David Cab
. .. . . a ... , ft - i ...
area, tne Diacxsmitn anu apotogizru to
The road was abandoned, for people
actually were afraid to go through the
Pass. Sometimes private vehicles owned
by adventurers would go through the
Pass, but never without being stopped
by the hand until a long time after
wards, when the hand failed to appear,
but the memory of the terrible arm de
terred the stage company from ever
afterwards resuming their busiuess as
public carriers.
David Caldron would never go to the
place. Several years after the first ex
citement cansed "by the hand, he disap
peared suddenly and everv one decided
that he had been murdered.
The Country re. The City.
We reproduce the following excellent
a avtaa-
editorial from that excellent pupcr,
Natchez Democrat. It shows that the
rural districts are more favorable for the
development of healthy minds in healthy
bodies, and that the large cities make
drafts upon the country for men to fill
the most arduous and respoawDte pw
Studies ia the South.
Several days ago while railroad work
men were cutting through Bock Pass,
they suddenly broke into a cavity. Near
the centre of the place they found a
skeleton under a large rock that had
fallen from above. Further research
.3 a ra.i arm i n .rpnioiis! v made
ftliavwftcw - fe w - -- e -
of wood and iron, and here, broken off
by the fall of a rock, was an enormous
k-n.l m.,L ,,f atMl The rimrers were
..a ii v. . - - o
jointed, and the thumb was hollow like
a speaking tube. Anotner turn aiscioseu
a machine, to which one end of the arm
was attached. The whole Arrangement
was a wonder of mechanism. By a
closer search scraps of papers were
found in an old pocket-book bearing the
the name of "David Caldron." Thus
the old time mystery was explained.
Frightening Children.
Scientific Californian.
Vnthinsr can be worse for a child than
. v, tv;,rl,tu,,,-,l The effect of the
; . , . ... .--
scare is slow to recover from; itremaina
(sometimes) until maturity, as is snown
i... m.nv irwtancpa of morbid sonsitivc-
ness and excessive nervousness. Not
itnfraniiPiitlv fear is employed as a
1.10.J.W nf .riacinlinc. Children are con
. - . 1 1 .. i i. .. i. ,.,la l,i linlipv. that
troneu uv innuK i..,-.. - . . .
something terrible will happen to them,
and punished by being shut up in dark
rooms, or bv being put in piaces w-y
stand in dread of. No one without
vivid memory of his own chilhood can
comprehend how entirely cruel such
things are. We have often heard grown
persons tell of the suffering they have
endured, as children1, under like circum
atnc.es. and recount the irreparable in
jury which they are sure they then re
ceived. No parent, no nurse, capable
of alarming the voung, is fitted for her
position. Children, as nearly as poam
ble, should be trained not to know the
sense of fear, which, above everything
else, is to lie feared in their education,
early and late.
He who cliec.a a child with terror,
Stops its play and stills it sous,
Not alone commits n error,
But a moral grievous wrong.
Give it play, and never fear it,
Active life is no defect;
Gentle be, aud ever cheer it,
Curb it only to direct.
Would vou stop the flowing river,
Thinking it ouM cease to flow ?
Onward it must go forever;
Better teach it where to go.
ii i ii ii p.iin.. - , . .
.I.. innr to Tnl Palmerston and his
II1CBTO .t..l..o .w
... ii,.,r in ..1. r minister. Mr. Adams.
ft i . ii., .it rcrni'iicu lo iniimuu,
u: ,...,.,1 t, V..ilnwrstou. Mr. Du
Pont pushed by
l, .,.,!. I nf thinf
where the premier sat, up to his eyes in
PM?-.. .. . ... t rl Am4A tr.
"All Mr. inti OlU, i am u.iifcuivv.
. a .a tt f . . ,-. ,
see you, sir," said the politest oi poli
ticians. "lOU Have UOUUliess Blare
.l.ni.t linn suit net re matter, wen, sir,
Fred. Douglass Asks that Equal
Eights be Accorded.
i... .... maai tn chan.e itk opinion
li;is svft-n in' . -.-.-- -a - .
Mr. DuPont handed the letters of Mr.
Seward letters of explanation and iden
tification, lliey seemeu to nac
Mr. Seward has written this open
i . . .. . . ... mini.ipr I siinoo.se i am
letter i" oui ,,r -r
at llhartv to read it to vou, and Mr.
Du-l'ont slowlv read the letter:
To Mr. Adams Un Lord fanner
. . i . tn int t lie sairiieire to
SlOU S H'lU'iiij ' r f
a -a nr, ere. to leave t.ngiana m-
, un ni. - - "
i.-ti.r wiiliniit nreseiitinir your respects
SLnuui, - r - , - ft
... . . . wAl,i.n tn
to her majesty s goveriunem,
... . . . 1. n..,,.ill i mm pn 11. t el V
V aslllllgton, nueu t... "...
ft 11 ., ,1 ...... i i,l 1 11 1 rl 11 1 1 (I
DC ueciairu .if im"' " -
Without waiting ior tuu uuu.u-.ft--.j
t.. mnnr from his surprise,
i .. ft I.!... .. ... ,1,!,. .. , 1 1 !- 1 1
Mr. ilu-ront oaue hiki wiik-
a...i laft Ha drove to his Hotel ana or
was eat
aft... . n..wtnli,lll
laa.l . c . ..... .. . ... .nlmn
r-1 wreaieus to bolt ii me (.imhoum
I eet nominate him is
I "Parser
"Wo Like Fairnees.'
. . i 1......1
ing in came a iiimra ...-
r Bft ..;,.. "fv Lord Palmerston
ieoimaii, j ."B "v .
is at the door, waiting to see you m his
Tha hail w,m full ot men.
carriage. , .
who were all agog at once, wondering
. . l: ..... fthie enilhl hA. Mr. DU-
wnal Ulgnatai vftii- v- - -
S .I Liv renlied : "Tell his lordship
I 1 1 1 1 L UUll-Vi t . ..,
I am eating my breakfast, and 1 will see
. . .... ..a I hove finished.
mm as soon - - ..
. i ami. n.l thfi room. VuO
was this blasted American who dared to
... t- i..,Vo nrimo minister wait .
make rngm"" f"
D.ft nr. m.Vnnt was nlavnig a bluU
game, and he played it .for all it was
worm, ne ns uoiii.' r- neve - o , . .
lr ht took another bottle of wine to tha, but p-e got too much work to do
keen Palmerston waiting. Presently be at hoHie and 'sides all that l fain t got
, ...I!: tha .rreat I'.TIO--
sent out a note, vcinu p."- J
lishman he was ready to see him. V al
merston came in and said:
Mr DnPont, me government uw
changed its mind. You can ship your
saltpetre. Come up to the foreigu office
to morrow and get an order."
"I want an order right now, and
down sat the premier at the breakfast
.vi. a-hn wrnto the order. That night
laUiv sixa " , , j Tl .
the packing bega i, and the nert day the
vessel was under way for New ork.
Mr. Dufout picseu up mc ft.u.c
next morning. It had been recommend
ing that the saltpetre be detained all
7s ,... .1 in tha firat. column.
along, out mcir, ... v.. - ,
was an editorial favoring its being al-
lowed to go. Mr. ifliroumcnvi"
lowea to go had
heard of the vessel being detained , in
- 1 . J aa t.lVlll- alftlftUt It.
fact, every oway " . ,
"lam sorry you can't get your stuff
- V--a a ..a .. IV.-. rAA man
off" said Mr. &nipiey, a siuuy " '
I a . . a
subject to nts. , , M
"But l nave guw "i
The old fellow stared at him incredu
lously. "Where did you get joor
ov-L, Lord Palmerston ; he wrote the
v: .1 This waa too mncn.
oruei urniK".- . , . .
The fellow rolled over on nil ca
a- atuou VUUltUWVH w ' - m m
t ought to decide it, aud threat-
i run as an independent if
naated. Mr. Key exhibited a
ft.i.i.1 . j tn tha welfare
., T-.-auc uriUlWB w " 7
lift. - . . ..VJ .nm 1 . ..
i. wunv when tie wimurew vt j no-tnese moin". ,
aWsnve a split. A man who Yl ' j Jy and easily done, msa
a nil i .' --- 11. .a innan wmr
lOHira i ft. aftft.i-M. at nana -
I oc j them tor
judiciously u.s- . AJa-
Northern rLut'ri ior Ov-
i in the American -
.. . - - fnr Ik inn.
me money uu - r- . .
"The trip shall not costjou anything,
. , . : .. .1 ..,.1 o i-ei )
... .r .. i T tn rrn
"1 aon t oeuevc a .
"You are afraid, said the captain,
"von snort around and laugh at others,
but when the time for showing your
mettle comes you back put like the
coward vou are. You needn't get mad,
for vou know you are a coward.
The blacksmith, whose courage bad
never before been disputed, bit his lips
and walked away.
CapUin Lomal rode on with the
driver. "Tell me," the captain said,
Jvir tu aaul the driver
e areocanj ,
after a few momenta. ..,
The captain examineu nia pii.
For God's sake," exclaimed the driver,
.Wt shoot. I tell you the thing
whatever it is, ain't to be fooled with.
Leave that to me, tue capw
plied. "Hello, what's Odaj
r ,. i an1 tha. driver
ine norscs .wtpj-
whispered. "That's it.
ine ft. ..V
phorescent hand gleamed with a pale
h-ht Th canUin. despite the whis
pered protestations of the driver, lev
V ft . f:-ftl -A dmoA
eieu a putm u
The hand laugnea
Tiiiixville. .September, 25. When
Fred. Douglass at 10 o'clock came into
Leiderkranz Hall to deliver nis speecn,
he found a verv large crowd in atten
dance, many white people having come
to hear his plea for his people. On
the stage besides the leading colored
meu sat ex-Attorney General James
Speed, of Lincoln's cabinet; Gen. Jas.
. Eakin. IX S. A., retired, and a num
ber of other whites of prominence.
Douglass spoke two hours, his speech
being logical, often humorous, and al
ways interesting. He sketched the his
tory- ot his race since emaucinaiiuu,
frequently and sarcastically severe on
the government, and incidentally on
the Republican party. He was listened
to with interest, and received frequent
and generous applause.
Since the conclusion of his speech the
convention has in vain labored to com
plete it9 organization, too many ora
: . .a nr. tha rtnnr nnd Green, tem
porary chairman, who is. presiding while
Douglass rests irom nis receui eAeinun,
is unable to control tuem.
Since b red. liougiass nas oeen u iree
man he has probably not been prouder
than when he walked down the hall to
the president s desk this morning, ine
really fine looking old colored apostle of
his race was dressed for the occasion ;
his white hair never streamed in the
wind more bravely, nor was his step
ever firmer. He had won a victory it
anma,i tn white and black alike here,
A ha ha1 a ricrht tn fet-1 elated. White
auu c e---
and black had come to hear the most
.-aiehrate.1 colored man in the world.
Leading lawyers, merchants, aoctors
and military inen of the white race sat
.ha ..iniinnii aim on r.np outskirts ui
. 111 lliilii-' ' -
the hall. It was a scene to enthuse, and
Douglass felt it. He had a message to
send to the country, and sent it in ex-
ll . fa,. Tiafa'rrinir to the old davs.
when the spectre of slavery haunted the
land, he passed quickly to those better
and brighter days, which brought free-
j . J7l,...ti,,,i and enfranchisement.
IWUl, fta-.".---." -
Referring to the causes, leading to the
ha -ai.l- "N'o reasonable
cuuiriu.vu, ,
man will ever object to wnite men Hom
ing a national convention sara
... na.a Hinn nnn Milt. 11 . in . ,...i o.
mc ni . :. , .
Examples are plentifully aounuam
where the whites have hated the blacks;
bordermen the Indians; tne negro me
Chinese, and vice versa, we must moi e
as a people toward the goal of prosper
ity and education. iNow mat we are
free we must, like free men, take tne
reins in our own hands aud compel mc
world to receive us as their equals. This
citv, metropolitiau iu size, cosinopoli
tian in ideas, is still not free and liberal
enough in opinions to receive us as
equals in public buildings and hotels,
. . - : . i... .. --a ftftnnr aittinir in
W vftiu .a .' ;
-atin-ai cnnvention. We nave been
Uaviuua. .
given numerous platforms, but we are
still in the same condition. What we
want is not words, idle epithets in our
;.a hnt. actions. We have never
f V i .. .1 ... jta.i.. a e, mii-K from
oeen neiwcu, uu o.j.uv-a ,
.it ...ia. ... Wain in our downward
ait siftftra r - . .
course. If we come as can urivem
servants we are received, but when we
come as scholars or statesmen the color
. V-1-M1 I fit? CIHDR'U IUU SO
It is one of the great advanUges of a
- . ....... . rv- ruth.
republican form oi govern uir-
er ox a comeaerse gu.cuvv,
ha .t-mvA-f intp WL o! toe eoumrv
uir .1llOIIXV-P ..a a. . - -
do not converge to a great governmental
i thw moiM't the I mted
.rune. . - - I . . . . .
Sutw is among th? first in lurnisning
from the several States the brain that
governs the country. The commercial
cities ot this country ium r,
fewer of the men who mould and form
political opinion, than any similar popu
lation in the union. London is Eng
land. Paris is France, but New l ork is
not the United States. Xo occupant of
the Presidential chair, with the excep
tion of the present incumbent, who has
succeeded to it by accident, has ever
been taken from any of the great cities.
The greatest statesmen iu the Senate and
in the House have come from the rural
It is therefore a little arrogant on the
r.art nf the inhabitants of the great
cities to affect a contempt lor their
"country cousins, and to assume airs ot
superiority over them. Even in com
morcial life we freuuentlv find the most
.nmwfnl business men are poor boys
whn have come from the country With
thair hahita of industry and economy.
and have bv their exercise achieved
weaith and distinction in business cir
A nil thia ia not all: there is reallv
mnra attention naid to the mental and
intellectual culture outside the large
cities than there is in them. A recent
llatn. nf atatiutino .uv. f or Tamn a.
lUlin.IV. V. V- "-.' ' a . a ft ,
.. . . . ... .1 f
"that one-iourtn oi tie cireuianuu m
tha Va.iI, imorienn RovidW is WCBt Of
.ii. ..villi. . .... . ..
.1... f . ...1.... ..... -i ,'u. an A that a ouarter
tut: iiswsiai jjasa
part of the sales of the Encyclopedia
Untaiuca go into tne same regiou, nere
Robert Livingston declared in 1804, wi!
shall not sendan emigrant for a hundred
vears.' Another periodical similar to
the North American has 50 per cent of
its circulation in the territory between
tha llln-hanioa nml the Pacific, and the
wftrincitiaT Vpff York newspapers have
....a a-haarllinra nlltsi.lc of that citV
tha., thev havn in it. The sales of books
Lla1.ll VaiVT xaas .
present a like showing, the publishers
certify ing that iar more oi tue ueai, v.ui
rent books are ordered from the small
towns than from the large cities, in pro
i..i; i
..Ar ton tv nnnu urinn .
Tn miint wn nll t.hfl pountrv we of
course include the smaller towiw, those
. ft . l J : 2a.. .-. f
which do not aspire to tne uigunj u.
t alataa In,l,ir-.tn -i mrrcira t ion seems
greitt titles, .'ivuii,,-. - ,
necessary to develop the higher qualities
nf th mum. ana me attrition nnicu
not, wear awav too rapidly will
brighten the intellect to the greatest per
The writer whom we have quoted
above, Rev. Edward Everett Hale, in
the North American Review, contends
"that. i every community there are
enough people of education and refined
i, ..hit", tn t,.L-p the IahH of social order and
li.i.i. ba w -- -
tn lcml it. well: and the result is that
.u-.. i.t ;s atimnlatorl and nersonal
UlUUjtuu .a "1 " i - J
independence promoted, and a kind of
character mint up wuica cut unij' w
,i..,.a.,,la,l nnnn to do the right and
patriotic thing. This striking and most
importaut fact is precisely the one that
tils- TTlifTi I sal 1 1 iiisin overlooks or fails to
...........u...,I IU"nup 1 ..union is Knir
UUUHueuciiu. i-j-----. - - w
laud he will not let himself doubt that
r......f.,l ...at nimilin nuiat. ficcunv a
some i ui viiui ... . , -... ... . . .
like ration to the United SUtes, when
in sober truth the elements that preserve
...,l .;.. i mir vita' interests and decide
what, tha national life and character
..1...H ha ...itirclv jiiiart. from the large
1 1 ., 1 1 iv, ...... - J
cities, aud infinitely more representative
anu musteriui tnan me iiiawii nmt
the. centers where Tweeds and
L' .1 1 ava a mrim !,. rCll "
Iftr I ! ... i-"e,.-""- -
We need not therefore fear the denior-
..Iwimr i it tl I It'lH-P of the lara-e cities, so
long as there is territory left for the free
. tiift .......
,,v ...ii i.i, m lit onr nnnuiatioii. i uc iduu-
r . . i .
. t . .- .v.
i roue OUt on DBraHjaca, ut mmm
tviAttn t.ina f mm Hiiataville. Aha., a. doX
en miles or more to see a cotton mill. At
one point I saw, near the road, a negro
IS 1 a -. hta k;la 4 -a tail aklla
BBBBBJHM m aln uwtv, wane vw v... w.w
men directed his operations. I hud
been told that the negro required anper
and had thourht that something
might be said in favor of the theory,
but tnis seemea to ne u aomewau w
.r.m annl'icatian of it. A little further
on a young negro perhaps twenty years
oia croweo tor m a ju iuu.nav.
aa with lu-ftlra and alate under his arm.
avidnntlr an hia WAV to school. I called
to him, anu aaaea mm two or utw
. t. . .l in a,t m-a whstavar
Ul HWU UW'KU ftaaww " - - '
knowledge he might possess on points of
interest to me. ne hhtow uncut,
and then added, "But I hain't got much
tima far t.r tan'.' I WSJ. aatOMUdtHl
and cinl.l acarce.lv believe that I had
i i ..:..kt V-arrlu.fr that T had
seen in the South before had seemed to
Kara linlin.ilml tima "fer ter stan'." and
this fellow's utterance had an explosive
and revolutionary sound. If I should
hear of anything noticeable being done
in that region. I should suspect this boy
as having a hand in it. As 1 rode away,
and looked at his energetic aaovement
across the fields, it occurred to me that
if I should ever write a book about the
.ia.tintr nf tha colons) race in the coun
try, 1 should like to dedicate it to the ne
gro who " haiu't got much time fer ter
stan." . .
In vari ius part of the uth I found
. i l . : .
a few negroes wno own ana cuunaic
large farms, employing many laborers of
. . " .. Hi,, nf thi claaa am
tueir own iw.r. ..... v. .
rowir honaiul abont their people; they
know too much about them to expext
great things. They always employ an
n...-.r navinir him more than the
other hands receive. The negroes "wdl
do no good," all such men say, wimout
somebody to oversee them and keep
them at work. The overseer is res poo
Bible tor the amount and character oi
.ha .a.t acc.mniiaheti . and it mere is
a f oil., i anmpthin. is deducted from
his pay. The employer either furnishes
all ...ratliaa In. f tlA 111 ll 1 11 1 C U a I K' C OI UI5
ail aMw.ftft.. .
1. . . . tha ...nun rpaiuiiv uu ii
UttUUS UUl.UK . .'-1 . r o
..,,nl ami .hortrinar them with whatever
thev receive (or "take up," as the phrase
. . . a . 1 .. . :.. thn
is.) or he authorizes a nicrcuaui iu ii.
i.ri.in .nun v them, ivecomina respon-
,1 w. ...... . . . . . . .
sible to the extent of the wages of his
men. Then, as 1 learnea everywoere
tha lahnram trv tn obtain credit tor all
.aw..a . - , ....
that is coming to them, and a little
. T InnVaH at man v nf the account
UlUte. a .wav. a - .
books kept bv these farmers, the records
nf thair .laalincra with their workmeu.
v. . ... - - " o
it.... nf tha aharoraa were for things
Jiaut u .....r " ft - o
which were absurd and extravagant for
the negroes to buy, costly articles of
n.aaa fnTVVi women and luxuries for the
tabls. I often asked such employers
why they did not give their hands some
advice about economy, and the use of
their best judgment regarding the selec
tion ot tilings most necessary uvi u-a-
ful for them when expenuing tueir mo
ney; but they always saiu it wouiu uo
nninvu "Hnmiiti liev nam t not uu
.-mania ' I wm in a country store
one morning, when a negro woman came
... a.... ..all a, . Till- 1. Mr M ........ ... .- .1
.u a..u-. - , ..ft ,
gar. The inercimut aippeu out orowii
sugar, but the woman objected, and
a . mi nftt..f H.l rA
wanted white, ine man inuiuunaaiv..
with her for her extravagance, saying
that he could not himself afford to use
such things as she bought. She was
greatly offended, and retorted that such
things might "do full niggahs an low
j ..hit. fnilra f Mows mv money
I1UVI u nuiw, ......... r - - w
ies' as godd 's Gunnel Gahshoui s mo
ney." The merchant remarked that she
wo"u!d probably never come to his store
aTh narn farmers said that their
hands nearly "tuck up" their wages
faster than they earned them and they
often added such observations as these :
"A nigger will buy anything. You
could sell anv man on my place a steam
boat, or an elephant, or a circus band
wagon, anything in the world, -it he
had the money." One man, who had a
familv, aud was working for ten dollars
per month, "took up" three dollars and
eighty cents in a month for whisky,
such extravagance and lack of judg
ment as to what a lalwrer's family needs
or can afford to buy are very general
among the negro laborer's. Atlantic.
EagiuMriif Fonts tad Schemes of
t.- aiamant will iilwiivs exercise a puri
fying influence by tlie infusion at fre
t ..aai.-1u nfnawand mi rer material
1. V I. 1 p. 1 , v. ... .. i -
into the contaminated atmosphere of the
great commercial centres.
A Good Operator.
The Operator.
Some of the men who have ranked
highest in the profession have not been
-am arlra 1.1 a fnr anccfl. It is the Old
.in., nf tha tnrtniif and the hare over
..... . V. W. ..aa
: -. . aa "... tha ata.l.r .rata anrl m 1 11 nn
11 1 M I 1 1 . 1 I I", L I1U OLCUf . a.". " ' " aa
judgment that tell. If the correspond
ent can transmit torty-two worus m
minute in good ringing Morse, and can
i....n,;iui (mm a lint. at. the same rate.
L 1 ft,!. I 1.,'. ft.wu. a ... - ...
mat-inn-avori-lnttcr unmtstaKaDlv le.ioie
ma a . . - - . " .
-not necessarily ornate; 11 ne can quica.-
ly adjust his instrument to every van
.: tha circuit narticularlv iu bad
I. Ll,',, , ,. , - .- .... ft- J
.1 .. 1-., .,1... 1 ;., a . if in .ami . tt CT
weatner or uu a iuii,ji uuc , .. ... r.......
he exercises nis juagment anu gauges
his writing on the ability of the receiv
er; it he nas mat peculiar teiegrapun.
is - ii a . a : a. a. i
sense that enaoies mm to lnstautiy j-
tact an error, even in a cioner messaae.
if he never "breaks" except when in
doubt as to the correctness of the word,
f hi hahits are
auu k.u'U . ,
irreproachable ; if he has the good sense
1 . -1, 1.:- - - ft a I... a. .fftan1
nat-ar Til Bll.ftW IllM If 111 I 1 LU UC IUU.VU
bv any thing that occurs on the line ; if
ha can do ami! he ana suner an tins mr
nina v. .nr. a riav witlwut leaving hi.
UJBV.M'i"" J ' O
chair, then he may justly claim to b a
good operator. If in addition to these ac
complishments, he can transmit forty
one hand while "timing'
with the other the message he has sent
and can eat his frugal luncheon without
suspending either of the other operatons,
" , 1 1 1 ft ..I a aa
he mav oe regaruea as a nmi wuc.
atnr and will nmbalv have no difticul
ty in ontaming a position at ituiu aC-
... t.- tn airrht v rlnllara a month. All
VUJ fc" "J - T .
that is then necessary is for him to be-
.a m a l. : -I. il,.
n(, f thorouirniT conversan. wuu iuc
n4.-- .f Mnotriitv ttnH the anoli
UlUpci fcav w aw---v - i r
iliomnf ansl hA i rpftitonahlv cer
lMUU s.waw.
... a .. V . ft 1 J. . . t I la.-.
tain (it he nvesj to reacn me top ui Ma
profession, the length of time required
1 a a a. ..ia-fti vana-a-b tta
depending to a great e.ceuv upwt. v..
r - .. . 1 . .n ., a in
manoeuvres oi a certain gcuinu."" ...
New York. Mr. Jay uouia.
A Locomotive in Procession.
no Democrat
, . . . ft It ami or II
i - -acrifM. in tw. u.i a a 1 1 .
Hak Mr. Kev acted nobly in retir
I think the party should not have
d Rush, because his actions
in,a.l U: ft- la aM a loVPT Of
-a ,.1. mm w k
tksn a reapecter of patriotism, and
al:.ft it . . , , nf I lam-
rrci toat tnere are wawi -
lh h0 will not vote for him because
think that he has acted in baa
if i tn .hide bv
- ft was not g"J -- . ,
Ide Convention said be ough, to
i ' m. ?-. vA
expressed this determinaua-a
L- " a a . .. . ft I. - t .IU.
iuv that a majority ot
were against tuna. -Gun
T Waich the present m-
nt -( J tn -n ha.fr.ra S BOB11-
-l .ftr.ua ia av mv .
. , . - . , .1 t . 1 ,. nnt.
a a.i 1 1 ii nniie n tr
I.hliaan- n T Ull C IV IlJ l H t , W6
1 .a a. fr t1 BH
aiure iu Ul ft aw a.a - -
la ... : ., than to bolt tw
i of tL. n-rtv when everything was
' condiici-d as before agreed upon
How 8. Little Child life w-
r-i her back
of Newburgsaw
i.":l.l hanrriniT from S
Irish lawyer ha
ryer hat
.-pressed the
of "yer
eluded, a
N. O. State.
A woman looking
window, in. the city
opposite mmm "TTi bv a
Window-mil but P ares-
dog, who aaa e-..- - . v.,
in its teeth, ine woua r ,
baby, 18 mouths ma on --
front room . 6 Z2ZZ it. constant
little tener jart
anmraftlllOU. J. nC 1""""" . . . W-aV
thinutes, but when
and openeo tne K.nffiBe be-
arms, ana 8UWri V. a-Window,
yoad the stone jM -Tou chair
aII" lUfd. Tdofr holding on the cnim
WWW . -lair child, Ul
dress for dear jjajhlt
( oi tan y , . .l.
, . . tha "vard. wniw
lftJ. j . looked mut
AL.lnn. faSn tTC T. 1
Uaviw ft? a
We like fairness, aud as a consequence
-a, .r.n axcuse the
we cannot app.u-1 - Vicksburg
bitter assau. uZ
HeraW, vpm
after hisretiremewt trwaa
ZZtrol ol Thk ChAWON. In time past
vediffered with Maj. Barkadale, on
w -"- . ttarl failed to
WTOr3a.."J hkiournalisUc
0fler .V. ..nr attack UPOU his PO-
COUnw, " , aawmiM nnntv
litical recoru wnen u b- - . rf .
" a"lV wura left . lo ia.
aary, have long m
a i . r .,..a i nne is .-. -.a
lire uun , a.. v i i ne nana iasa. ... j faad and aDKCt law IB ...,.
paroxysm of laughter. JIrks think- lercled another pmtol and oppress anuoj
rnV he had a fit, emptied a bucket ot . PrL ."...ia, rafn.1 him as an
. I 1.;... i,fnrc thev dicoverea i , , i i mission, saa.ai.vc -- ,-,. ..
ice-water - TT" ine nauu iu8iaa aoorentice, and he is ta.cn wnen ne
their mistake. The UerW88, naa-amaere got out of the coach F"td cemetery, and coc tempt
.nUi.icl andthe OiU man w ..f- ,li.n,r.nntaftl "Thi. is " r.ii. him Ha ii nnrned
-c- ' . . ,m.:i. !.-1 ana - : r . .. . . ,
his oxiiressions of surprb. r While they j t,,. ery wonderful," ho amid
aa taiviiiir iaudersou, of tbe Tlmea 1 . do vou think of itr
me U 1 turned to Mr. DuPont "i't know? replied th. pareou ml-
and said: "The limes nas wK dreeaed. "Never saw anytniaur HXe it
a. JA aa-a h MI1IV VUH IW IPMIWI I a. S J T Ka-aW-SS I mtWWmJt lUI UB.
aeai w - Vl;..-. .W,t oeiore, anu a "r - - - -- -aj----
It wants a mueomasiurssai i VI "What do you want : ne captauu e
c. - rP. DuPont knew how much j .
tw. Tima- had to do with it, and ana-1 Your relations in hell are
wered that there would be L gnfering: Your Faudfuther is
r fa. tha nae nf the dock ana the S .r-aiL,. him Tha. dev
paying of his hands and all that; if 11. or fifty dollars and he will
Cr ssf n.iarann could set that money he "IT,;, ;t jid."
7 ia- ft.Vn .. aaft i U"'" " - . -a. , ...--..a
might have it. o ro - i Vqu are a Bar," Tocireruwu m cp-
V. .-...aa ft I . waatr iatjr ne W S 7 .
tO nr. xnjruua, '.T " J ,Waa I tIU.
shaking nanus wna caai..,
were laughing together over their bluff
An important iuling.
A CA.X ha. just JfJZ
York that puts a new leature o
Smof the obiigauonatd minors
under the law. A mtATl
. a. v... tntwkaad. was WJ
WUi?t . .od tbeattem
eaade to defend on the
he vamey
Didn't Wa to bo Sow Toffothor.
. j aJ' lialm ilnr-t.r 111
to his place of buries-, overtook a ugb
ft j. celebrated lawyer. Arts
, i l J-... un Hal fiami lad
. ...l ...ah a hnrrible. ftihrilf shriek-
UUKlICUft OalV r
ing laugh taat a
one of the adventurers and remarked ;
Wish I hadn't eossO- .
i. r' -ain. tn what that ml the
caotain declared. "I have come here to
i .. n.l in a ta "
i . j . . t.ii.n him He is snurned
from the gates and he is compelled to
. . laa nf 1., ntTII II UC
seek a iwuog
' l fa a aftl .i Uai. ,.1 tn collece or as-
plre-to education and a prof ressien, the
' ,. i ; rl-.-n That is what
"? "f"" T"rala this line and
we are aw. . . -
t ah. ann.U nf the whites. The
ua aa . ftr
.. " 1 .h -lanaaaarl linnan.
Cause IICS more 111 -ftv-.a -o
nation of the Americans than in firm
belief, we are here to see ia -.
meu of our color, accused of crime, shall
have a fair trial ; that all these outrage
ous lynchinga oe stoppea. our r
vf . fnr rwtr rirhts and for
redress of our wrongs. Soeae any that
are should no noiu uus wn..:u..-a, .a.
-ft tha nannMican DUrtV. Pr-
aiaa .r. nacre for men and not "men for
. . aa a nat ana an tui m .
- lor to v has. If PUT-
Sredo right stand by them ; but when
. a. a a. ...alJo. I 'lira
a a net in VfP.Y.da. on July 4th, the
nrwiu..ti Anntinfid a loeoino-
tive and two flat cars which moved in a
stately way through the main street, the
mm hcintt decorated and fitted for the
jia-iaftt nf a.nhlaniatic devices andar
rving young women representing the
"...! a-m Knlirinir rirtllCS. sciences.
iJWkVGOi aa. - a. n ' , . ,
arts and trades. The grade of the rail
road which passes up through the main
street of the town irom the station of
the Nevada Central is li feet to the
1 (fWl unit r-aintT nn the natural route of
aw, aiftft ftn..wfc -- .
the procession, the locomotive and cars
r .'tl I . a aallant anrl rmU-
were uiiieu w iBw"i..vu.-..r,
liarly effective advantage.
. a a . iha sail a-rAnt
A corresponoent says
smooth and easy enough going down the
. . ,1 tha kra tn. Vwinff in VeiV
steep B r, . r a h..t
competent and responsible hands, but
r 1 ' ll aaa uUl M llllll-
many mecuanioait a..p.. - --
viduals were curious to see nun i n...
be in coming up whether the speed
could be regulated to the pace of the
! lfna anrl IftphttlH.
prooeHUwa naicuiiw -- "
L. . . 1 ' . .1 .aa a.tffhint
But the gait ant nwie muwi, 1
is Si mm mis. inst worked its way up
the steepest phun road in the country,
. .. lift. .1 .aiainn nf
slowly, caretuiiy, wuu hk hcvi..
. 'ft- 1 .lft.at a aatlv tn the
ciocKwora ami maiaicu
. fti.- ; Than, waa no
ficultv whatever about it. Scientific
The Praiie of Knaves.
It is but another form of the proverb
that a man is known by his companions
.1 1 ..J I... . 1 . . ... wliti
to sav mat ne is uicasurcu uj "
nraise him. To be warmly commended
by rascals, to be the model great man
of those whom everyoouy uespises, is
cruel fate, because it is an unerring
judgment. The qualities that secure
the admiration oi miairn an.- ..
honorable qualities, and every superla
tive of admiration wiiicu a scuuim.r.
bestows upon an other man covers that
man with suspicion. When a dletta
guished man showed his friend a leuer
ol tne neartiest Miuiuawi. -the
great men of his time, his friend re
plied that he would ratner nave mat loi
ter than a diploma from the first uni
versitiv. And when a graduating class
.r " ....llciriniw snontaneouslv
Ol KCUCI""" a...a -r
cheers a professor as a token of respect
and regard, he may well feel that he has
been pledged to still grewr aevotioii uu
diligence by the confidence which he has
won from young men.
i . .imatinrr man whose nauies onlv
111 1.1 ...a ..... " . -
are familiar it is necessary to know who
it is that extols them ana wno suans at
them. It is this knowledge which
make honest public men absolutely im
pervious to tne snans oi mc m.
venomous ridicule, and unmindful of
1h of abiirte. The con-
Ar ..i.ii man htitiips tne rtiieert ui
hlacl-iRrdism as the sun extinguishes
. .. . a- 1 I ftah InrlaaH
. .. . I a niii r iu H III,. 11 1. . ftuuvvv.,
I. lie iccw.c ---
there is nothing more ludicrous than the
constant ana eiaoorate nupc.u..
l.iah i. a..mtimea rtourea ova iieK
paper or a politician upon an opponent
:.. ahanlutal v iinconscious of the
incessant assault as a picture is heedless
of the buzzing of a fly. Or out of sheer
.......aanitir tAwarn minriiitr. hiilii a iuou
uuuiauu; p'
mav so far reward the arduous struggle
f iinrmUu trndiippr fi to exclaim.
good naturedly, "Whoo ny, don t ootner
mer .
-a?- aa a. I, a laL'U. l.-ITt in llllllllC Hi
.ft .1 lllall r. .... a.-a ...... ... r ----
fairs must be surprised or troubled to be
-taa.-rial aa it were, noon all the dead
walls as a'thief, a liar, a villian, a dude,
or a donkey. Where the press is free,
aa.i .lhara plections are constantly oc-
.l.a without trreat issues to be de-
.M....e , v . ...
cided, and notning out personal vou-
tin.w tn determine votes, such
EHUClBi'Uua . - ,
placarding is sure to occur, and mere is
..nthi.nr to do but to do nothing. In the
..,.t,l a. "Klin" savs in the fannl
lin i v J - .
iar passage to juage irom me pii""i
only good men seem to be buricd.hcre soat
an election, to juage irom me uewua.u n,
a a 1 a 1 . ,al ..- X. j-i
only bad men are to oe uiu mi.
sooner has the Convention decided that
White, Black, or tireen shall be tne can-
aia.a. it anna., ra that, ha ia the ner-
muate .ua.. - .f-i-a -
sonification of all mean and petty vices,
... ft . ' - 1 ...... af
and that nis conauct in eveiy inawnuu.
life has been neianous. ucn -uu
bribes and steals, and could the truth be
known it would unaouDieaiy appear
that he was the real murderer of the
babes in the wood, and that his beard is
blue. But his art has succeeded in con
cealing his actual character nitneno.
and he has imposed himself for fifty
years upon his associates and friends,
and the community at large as a good
natured, honest, industrious, public
spirited, and clever man.
Nature, it is said, provides an antidote
against the poison of every venomous
snake, and in like manner she makes
this provision against false characters
that they shall be praised by those whose
minimise is certain exposure. That ap-
r laiine is a Nessus shirt. It is meant ta
decorate and attract, but it tears away
th. aVin and the life. Snch praise M
meant to adorn and commend, but it
hlaated with stlsoiciou
and -scorn. The Easy Chair, in Harper's
Magazine tor uctooer.
they do not uphold the principles laid
MO ?"! t- tha nlatform. down With
near it!" implored the , th nj-iform, down
a la. a JL I
Wkaaa -aritkin a few ! mem
ra al Wsna within a few
iresu wm WW.... .
. c l.a han A tha rnttn ataaHtStd and
urned back, bat too late, for it seized
We have learned how to talk, and let
It whipped hia against the 1 pM. for oarselves about civil righto.
1 1 -nod him up and caught him 1 . "U, .. a narMtrietar and lord
- . . . l a.wft. ii i r-- .
Mm fewwwv i tJf hk own house, but when any p
of the bur remi
Eleetrieity at m Motor.
S. O. States."!
triaai-iaitv. aa . mniar for rsilroaii
. ... , i, ,, .. , ,
Ota, is not making progress as rapidly
- a . aa. . n Hat-
aS was promise some ubk
terries for storing power are not as prac
ticable ssexp. However all diB-
coltiesfn this aeptrxuieuiw
,! saar kfore long be overeoaiie.
E$2r. .now a boat on the ITtwueawhich
ircccssfully propelled b emctric
itv The expense is about the same as
tilt of steam? reVtat
t. a.a.tar aud there is no heat or
oke rtlieater
heah las' night
... .. xa
im yor'd hab a
r. "Whtrnotr.: -a . I orround.
a.uu -v .... i aWall ran IM. re PUUK UMIUl III a waaa I..J ahn htm aBUlU
... . . , " - -. .,pa . , , b - -a. . .
e neap w " ,1 1 remind tlie peopte oi t-a wtw " veiled and begged np compaaioo-v ai lor the public everybeay .recow-
. .., Jiihout that oner. ! ... ..J" if . . has. naralvircd if a - ..!... k. law ha a rhrht tn I
? na-Ul WU" . IWfW -- - . . I ' -T:A l-hla " -ft ft" . ?! I
mmmmmusiiEffw wvww-- i nas- a-mi au l m aw t m mar w suua mi i - - tea ni aa i.iasr i s.s-si cuuni. ; arv " . i j a z m s a a . . uur n nun a-
""U. iiTiaaaii Iu trt 1 ..ar-' .T . .r.aJ.i... .n.1 -! "J ""y ...'-. a.i,ll' .,. -ajOuson we muu tnere is very in-1 a is man am worn au oe j - - I
fPould Have an Easy Time.
Arkansaw Traveler.
Sav how long do those mosquito
biter asked a guest of an Arkansaw
hotel, aa a colored gentleman entereo
with a pitcner oi water. a nave oeen
,; laa fiathtin- 'em fnr an hour.
IVUlg -O D . , , ,
How long do you suppose tbey will keep
. 1. : .. t.u.inaaa"
QM HI. a aMV.U. a. -
"Well. I dunno, sah. 'Cordiu' ter how
manny da is."
'There are ten thousand.
in dat case, sah its 'cordiu' ter how
huiigry d is." f
'I hi.v :trt iv autiL.iv wn.r.
mi-hty Hkelv to have
t.a..Ma viA 'em sah."
"Why don't you put a bar over the
'Case nobody eber sleeps in dis room
but one night. When a one night man
muu alone we give him dm room.
Didn t nobody sleep m
an oat a oe reason aa
yor'd happen to strike
a fat man had been in
IT MW BKTTir. it. fOsTlB.
In the Baltimorean.
Th nnaant era does not seem so con-
- far na. rla relniimCnU in liter-
HI.V.IW .V. " 1"" - - .
ature and religion aa for daring feats In
engineering; ana tne uon w mwrnm
science and skill just now are drawn
away from tbeinselves and their kind
and directed to rendering me eartn
richer and more habiUble.
The late triumphant completion of
that wonderful 15,000,00 bridge by
which ItamUyn hi practically consoh
dated with ihe Queen city of the New
World aud endowed with a future of
dazzling brilliancy, will cover the names
of it projector, John A. Roeblinff, and
hia sou and successor, Washington
Roebling, with immortal renown. This
bridge is illuminated bv one hundred
electric liahtt, will cost HJWi,000 to sn
tain, and u altogether the most remark
ahlaan.l maffniftceiit aerial structure of
which the world can ooast.
a aann ata aulnmitf the HCWlV HfO
jected tunnel under the Thames, through
which passengers are to oe conveyeu uj
an electric motor. The distance .f ot
a mile is expected to be accomplished in
af minutes by means oi cieeun ii np
nlied to the iuuvsengers. The time as
signed for the completion of this siib-iua-
nue tunuel is less man ivo n am a..-,
the cost is not to exceed $400.hju, here
aa the old tunnel required eighteen
years to construct with a capital ol
ft... aa.. WIT . . 1
over a.0w,0W. t ncie isam t
only too glad to duplicate this sub-way
ii it prove a success. Even now a tun
nel for passengers is in progi. ...m. .
North river, and again that valuable
electric power will doubtless be called
into requisition.
ShiD canals from Liverpool to Man
Chester and from Paris to the hngli-b
channel seem no longer viMonar
schemes, and will be of IncuicuUbie
wmmercisl advantage to es.cn oi me-.-
A new Sue canal, greater in leugui
but more easily traversed than the old.
ia nnw heinir aeriousl v coiisidentl, proba
bly under contract, aud England s old
national enemv, - ranee, is groanmK un
der the thought that the British lion m
tends to retain permanent possession of
the land of the mvaterious river- the
great Empire of a by-gone civilization
Among me many woouers piop..-.-.,
is the conversion of the Sahara iulo a
vast inland tea; but scientists are not
agreed as to the feasibility ot tin
scheme, and look with trepidatien upon
the dread consequences that might eu
sue from thus rashly interfering with
nature's great plans.
It is also suggested that the valley I
the Joidon be converted into an im
; meuse lake by means of a ship canal
extending from the Mediterranean to
tha Sc.. nf tlalilee. from whence another
canal shall be constructed to the Ara
bian Gulf, thus establishing a new watCI
. aa a ft a 1n.ll. Tl.C .1.11
VSV 11U11I i.uiuitc vvr ...a.. ....
summation of this enterprise will p'r-
... . . .1 .......
chance be the wor oi tue rii'in
turv, or it may be mat me present k n
eration may see a continuous water
route between Baltimore and the Holy
v,.v.' . ........ -i -
the Caspian and lJiacx seas are w-i
being connected by railway, and by wis
0 a .1 al. .a T-... ...a a. nil'
means it is expected mat -was
monopolize the rich and rare tralhc of
Thus we see how rapidlv motlern en
terprise is reconquering the old historic
seats of Empire; and Egypt, Jerusalem,
and Persia in their rehabilitation nun
once more glow with a semblance ot then
pristine power and glory.
Edgebrook, Botetourt county, a.
Among the Cocoanuta
Straight up, for fifty feet, an ash-grey
stem, banded with many indented riags,
springs from the yellow sand. Par Bp,
the sea breeze rustles a feathered crow n
of sweeping fern-like fronds, which 1 1
against the sky like so many gipani i
plumes. As we look up in delight at
this, the first cocoanut tree we had ever
seen, a sharp suap sounded overhead,
and wc dodged just in time to save Ml
head from a large uut, which, breaking
from its stem, had fallen and now rolled
at our feet.
On a schooner bound to Aaptttwan,
we had run ashore during the night on
one of the many coral reefs which wall
the Central American coast from tin
deep Carribbean. By day, the Wei
1.1 huva linen risible enough, with
n inn,, i...,. ...... - " i
iU great tree standing as a warning be
. . . 11... tl.a ..,..1.1
con, tall and solitary. ufc tue ,..k ...
had been dark, and wo had made t In
closer acquaintance of the signal tn -We
were carried a couple of days later,
to St. Andrews by a native fishing boat,
which had been ou a cruise after turtles,
and which we signalled. There we saw
the cocoauut in all it glory. St. An
drews is the chief supply ort ol the
cocoanut iu the American tropic. -nuts
are brought North from a 1 aloe
the coast, and from many of the H est
India Islands, but St. Andrews is the
great producing center. The island n
given over entirely to cocoanut growing.
The nuts are it only currency, and front
them many ot the isianaers iisve -.lun..
. . ' I ;., that nrimitlVC SO-
ncii, as ricnes gu r , 11
cietv. The crop, wnicn was ongni-ni
planted by natnre, has since ocen urn
oroved by man, and now St. Andrew- b
said to produce the best cocoanut in
the world.
The foliage of the cacoanui puraa n
inexpressibly beautiful. Imagiue from
. ... ia.nl rriirantic ferns, dsl K
IlilUCII t . a .. . . f, ,-7,- , ' ,
green in color and tough-ubered, sharp
h . II - - I -a I . I .... I I . 1 . a 1 I
poiutt'tl anu inguiy jjvunncw
i it. ait tl.O llil Ol ii
irOliUs. JJUiivu vsjtv
towering pol. "u mt them sway.,n?
clashing m me Dreeze anu ii8
0 .S 1 J 1 1 a.. JaAAa SI 11 1 1
sun from their ponsueu sun
. iJ.a nf tha Irnn
vou can lorm an iuc ui nm ..v.
The cocoanut makes it first appear
ance above ground with a delicate fem-
. . . 1 .1 an. ..ha. f . . I .
like ShOOt. Anotner aim ui"""
lows until the growing plant looks like
a gigantic fern. Then a couplcof leave-
SO j . .1-ht niiail
turn yellow, orown, uu ui.u. .-a.-..,
aud drop off, and you see a foot of stem be
tween the remaining leaves and ground.
It takes from seven to teu years na unu
the tree ud to a hight of twenty feet
Then it begins to bear. The first crop
of nuts is from fifteen to twenty-nve a
year. When it is in full beanug a tree
... . I -I.I. af f.nm aif.ll.
will mate an annual jicm u. ...... -a.B.-
ty to one hundred nut, or even more.
The cicoanut propagates with amazing
readiness. A nut wathed ashore on
some tropical beach is rolled up the tide.
Then the rain rots the husk, and the
winds bury it in the sand, and next year
a cocoanut palm is springing from the
arid ground. The trees protect flu
tropical beaches from the action of the
tides. Their roots spread out and inter
lace into a tough and mainse net nui,
which opposes a work of vigorous rcsi-t
ance to the gnawing and encroachments
of the sea.
Every one knows what the ordinart
cocoanut of commerce looks like. In
nature, however, it is enclosed by a
thick, tough husk, fibrous on the inside,
and from two to three inches thick, but
covered without by asmootn, ngui-giv-
rind. Thi husk is either split with a
blow of a heavy wooaxniie anu ton
--. a Olaaa .lilt fT rift th nut is hutttt 't
HUUi iuo i- v.
by splitting the rind on an iron bladt
. l - Tt fmtn the fihre of the
set in a nig- ' 1 " --
husk that the mats anu coru-gc ... . "...
merce are made. The fibre is rot proof
in water, and in tropical ships is popu
lar in the form of coir rope. The uses
of the cocoauut in all forms arc mani
fold. . ... .
The value of the fruit for food is it
last reocommendatiou, The meat of
th nut is macerated and soaked in
water, and pressed, when it yields a
rich oil very pleasant in flavor at first ,
but soon growing rancid ou exposure.
Thi oil islso obtained by boiling the
meat,andfuraisheastearineforcaudli -
It is used pure for burning, and in soap
making. Soap made from cocoanut oil
(.... a l.thar in aalt water. Mixed
1UI ... a -a . a . ' - -- -
with resin, the oil makes a valuahie
pitch fbr caulking. It is largely used in
tropichl cookery, aud on many of the
aborigines and blacks besmear theinaelve-.
with it as ii it were a penume. ok
meat from which the oil i obtained is
savory, but, being rich in fat, is very in
A green COCOanui cuataian ...... .
milky fluid, which aradualy couaolidate-.
on the inside of the shell. When the
nut becomes over ripe on the tree, only
watery milk U leftt iu the shell. This
rapidly sours, worn me nut oceoiue-
.fthlaaa If it . . .i . kr . a I 1 1 , , U a 1 . ' I 1-.
fore it grow two old, the milk preserve
The leaves of the cocoanut palm fur
nish the most durable thatch known in
the tronics. thev are Wo extensively
worked into mate, screen, buatets, boxes,
and to on. When dampened and ex
posed to the sun until the green portion
. . . .ft ' ft - J 1 aa ! ft
rot, in uoer is earu-u auu wmwi ium
coarse cloth. The wood is in ftained
and hard, and is used iu ornamenta!
work under the nam of porcti!
wood. Th fibrous heart of th
stems is mud into cordage. The h
ia used lor'buraing anu max an excel-
" a a a
tcruoini ormm. Aiirea
He immediate W roe
easy time, sah."

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