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Address 111 E CLAKIOW, J ackhom, Miss.
FARM AND GARDEN.
INGENIOUS CONTRIVANCES FOR
One Kntimittn of the Relative Value of
Dairy ( own When to Cut Fodder Corn.
A I'.rii-r History of the Wyandotte
It Is about five years since the American
Poultry association admitted the fowl va
riously teniuil Kurcka, Seabrifcht, Cochin
and Amcriciiri Kcnlirinht, to the standard
as a variety nulTicicntly established to
periR'tuute the chnracteristics claimed lor
it as an individual. It was then given
the name of Wyaudotto.
A PAIR OF WHITE WYANDOTTEfl.
While itsorigin is obscure it is supposed
to have been a cross of the Silver Span
gled Hamburg and Dark Brahmas with
probably some blood from tSe Cochin
family. It shows its composite origin by
prominent characteristics and sport. Tho
plumuge is very attractive, being white,
heavily laced with black, especially over
the breast, tho tail alono being solid
black. Tho standard weights given for
Wyandottes are 8 1-2 pounds for the ma
ture cock and 7 1-2 pounds for tho hen.
'. w h w.! i w.U w.
-.CH1 w'l 1
-rlii on li ? "- w
1 i i" w 4 U" 6 "J
J 1 (i 6 ?'
I " 4 0 B 01 10 00
I 5 if, a U'l 10 "" I- 50
I 6 m, iw i "' is
I 7 p, - .10 14 0l 17 SO
: .. i7 -.li Ls o ss oo
3 The Wyandottes have proven them-
selves worthy of the early claims mado
for them and stand today among the best
l of all iiurnoso fowls for the farmer.
though they do not appear to have inter
fered with the popularity of the Brahmas
f and Plymouth Rocks. As table fowls
1 the Wyandottes are excellent, their flesh
i being juicy, tender and delicate. As
f sprint chickens they have proven a first
rate breed, for they feather early and ma
ture rapidly. The hens are prolific lay-
era, being exceeded only by the Leghorns,
3 but the eggs produced are small in size
-' a decided drawback when these are des
tined for market.
The original Wyandottes afforded a
, tempting field to the fancier which has
not been neglected, as the white Wyan
dottes with their small rose combs testify.
Saving the best white 'sports' each sea
son, and mating these, has resulted in
some beautiful specimens. Our cut la a
I fair representation of a pair of white
Bones contain about half their weight
of phosphate of lime; the other half con
sists chiefly of organic matter. The phos
phate of lime in bones is what Is called in
soluble phosphate that is to say, a com
bination of phosphoric acid with as much
lime as it can unite with. One-third or
two-thirds of the lime can, however, b
taken awav and still leave definite com
pounds. When two-thirds of the limo
has been taken away the compound
formed is soluble in water, and is called
soluble phosphate of lime. In dissolving
bones it is found that if enough of acids is
added to convert all the Dhosphates in the
soluble form the wholo is converted into
a liquid mass, which refuses to dry up
and is unfit as manure. This is owing to
the orcranie matter in the bones. There
is, therefore, a practical limit set to tho
proportion of soluble phosphate which
dissolved bones can contain. As a ruie.
in the case of pure dissolved bones not
more than half the phosphate is present in
the soluble form. According to Dr. Ait
kin, high English authority, pure dis
solved bone cannot contain much more
than 20 per cent soluble phosphate and
from 2 1-2 to 3 1-2 Der cent, of ammonia.
lie claims that "the dissolving of bones In
' sulphurous acid is a wasteful process, not
to lie recommended, for bv so doing the
bones are degraded to the level of mineral
phosphates, which supply soluble phos
phates more cheaply and more efficiently
than bones. If soluble phosphate is
wanted for a crop, then the cheapest form
of superphosphate is the best thing to ap
ply. If bones are wanted for the crop or
the land then the natural bone, finely
(rround, is the cheapest form of applica
tion. If both are wanted both should be
SDnlled spnn.ratf.lv but to attempt to com
bine them nrlvftntaces bv dissolving the
bones is to effect a compromise that is not
economical. It is really in enecx o
good bones and to make poor superphos
VIMWTt n l aa
Treasury Department Whitewash.
One of th rxwt Twines known for white
wash is that called "White House white
wash" and "Treasury Department white-
i. . .. . .nltloca
wasn.'- ine laiter namti arw uuu i couee v ...t, ---- , -from
the fact that it is the recipe sent out or4iered cigars to be produced as wen
Kw ii,.v..vno . nt th treasury
department. It has been found by ex-
perience to answer on wood, Dric. ma
atone nearly as well aa oil paint, and is, c-l
course, much cheaper. Slake one-nan
l.v j .. i, -.a. fr Venning
perience to answer on wood. Dries mu
bushel of lime with boiling water, keeping
it enxroroA An r-lnir ti nroceSS. Strain it
off and add a peck of salt previously 'dis
solved in warm water, three pounds at
ground rice previously boiled in water to
a thli-b nno-tinlf nound of powdered
Spanish whiting and a pound of clear glne
dissolved in warm water. Mix these vari
ous ingredients together and let stand lot
tmncl n. V.tx tha wash thUS PrO-
pared in a kettle or boiler, and when uaea
apply it as hot as practicable with a white
A vpoimI A boat Potato Scab.
Ph. .vi. wirri a a laver ot cork
cells, and when injured it heals W
formation ot snewlsyecofcort
. , 1
1- "i" l' "SS
thirkena at various points,
rwt.,i iittiA wart on the sur-
face and rendering the cuticle less resist-
ant ol decay, ir tne excesa w -
tiniu. . cManhis time decay seta
in and the starch and tissues of the tuner
become discolored. But it the rtecJlT
v. --v l..r forma between tne
decayed and healthy part and the potato
la "scabby." The trouble is, theJT .!
t, M.nit. KTWRitvs moisture from a
.., . -t.- F.table manure
may increase the moisture and cause tii"
snoU. or funoL Gome i-icU. t V iroraJ.
COTk layer may increase the
Hinder th ctmv . m .
suing im .
StationfrT iungi- txmnecticnt
HeUtlre V1. of Cowa.
Jl ma ten fcreeda of cows
by Prof essor Brown, of the Ontario ckn '
Agricnltnral coUege, to Bscer'nl
value of the milk, crwrbrSheS
were drawn from result obtained: The
orw" a Producer of cream
or of butter, with th am a
while the A-jTshire is thV'tTe S
fa to be sold or cheese is to be made.nd
.no uevon rants next for
tnaker, and the shorthorn
The fact that the cow requires food very
nearly in proportion to her live weight
would also serve another point for the
Jersey and the Ayrshire, the lightest
weights yet the most productive, the one
T fLht I DliUt 1111,1 of cheese
made therefrom, the other In amount of
cream and value of butter.
In the Vlneyarl.
A. noted vlneyardist seta his vines Cx.3
reet, and as they grow thins to 12x8, uses
chemical fertilizers exclusively, and gives
perfectly clean culture. For stakes he
cuts chestnut timber early in August, lets
it lie three weeks befoe trimming, and
then saws into stakes 3x3 inches, eight
feet long, which lie in a drying house one
year. The bottoms are dipped in coal tar
When to Cat Fodder ftorrt.
Farm Journal says: "Whether for sott
ing, siloing or curing for winter use, it la
" " " cut, ioaaer corn too soon.
vvnuo in Bloom It contains but 13 per
cent, of solid matter. When the ears are
juiiueu, ana tne kernels beginning to
giaze, it nas attained 25 per cent, of
A Cheap Inaeetlelde.
L. E. Tod, of Orange, N. J., finds
wean, suiuutra 01 Lionaon purpio a more
effective and much cheaper insecticide
man any other known to horticulturists.
Lionaon purple.!, the residuum, of color
ing works and baa no commercial value
ror any purpose except death to insects.
Hog Trough and Fenders.
The following descriptions, with illus
trations, or lenders for hog trouchs ap-
pearea originally in TUe .frame Farmer.
Lo make the trough shown In Fig. 1, put
-.wo posts as far apart as the trough is
FIG. 1 FENDER FOR TROUGH.
Make the trough a foot wido and five or
bix inches deep; fasten it under the fence.
projecting two or three inches on the side
opposite the hog yard. Get a board, or
two boards fastened whether by cleats.
about twenty inches wide and two inches
shorter than the inside ol the trough. Fur
a long trough it should be two inches
thick. Get two pieces of hard, tough
wood, twenty inches long by two thick
and three wide. Make theso round, and
two Indies in diameter, fop about one-
third their length. Nail on both these
firmly to the wide board at each end near
one side, letting the roundel parts pro
ject. Bore a two inch hole through each
post, twenty inches from tho ground, to
receive the rounded pieces mentioned, and
which act as hinges for the board to swing
on. When this board hangs down, the
lower part of it is in the trough. Iu tho
middle and upper part of the wido board
bore a half inch hole. Bore a similar
hole twenty inches from one end of a nar
row board or pole five feet long. Fasten
this to the wide board by putting a bolt
through the two holes mentioned, so tho
board or lever can turn to onq Bide by
using the bolt as a pivot. When pouriujj
of the lever to one side little and then I
null it back from the fence, which swings
ovariil i r tr Vi tfAli . rK tinT tlia nnruif a 1 1 I
m the fence, which swings I
forward. Turn the lever I
angles to the wide board, I
bock at ritrht an cries
and the lower end catches on tho upper
front edge of the trough. This prevents
the pigs from getting into tho trough un
til the feed is ready for them.
FIG. 2 FEEDER FOR TROUGlf.
For Fig. 2 arrange the wide board as
before, except that it should be two or
three inches narrower than the trough.
and should be hinged to the posts down
close to the trough. On the side of this
board, which extends into the pig yard, at)
the middle, hinge a notched board, as
shown. These notches are to catch on one
of the boards of the fence, to hold the fen
der up while the hogs are saaai;. uea
let down it keeps them ou.
Facts Farmer Ought to Know.
The secretary of the New Jersey Horti
cultural society says that the Triumpii
gooseberry has on his grounds exceeded
any other variety in the size and producU
ivencss of its fruit aud its freedcui frora
A leading Boston market gardener
names the Clipper, McLean's Advancer,
American Wonder and Champion of Eng
land as the four best and softest varieties
of wrinkled peas. Of smooth peas ha
finds Maud S. the best early sort.
The Southern Planter, ot Richmond.
Va., does not think that honey bees injure
crapes. The Florida Farmer is convinced
that a yellow wasp is the pest that injures
A well known nursery house ha what
is claimed to be a cross bet ween a plum
and a peach.
The bulletins issued by the Massnchn
setts agricultural experiment station will
be sent free of charge to anybody suf
ficiently interested to make written appli
cation for the same to Frofesso- C. A.
Goessman, director, Amherst, Mass.
At the recent meeting of the National
Association of Teachers of Agriculture and
Horticulture, at Champaign, Ills., Dr.
Townsend, of the Ohio university, was
elected president and Professor Ijizenby
secretary for the ensuing year.
Florida claims to have extensive phos
phate beds, equaling those ot South Caro
Quite a revolution is promised in the
Texas cattle trade, owing to the rrti'td
settling up of the Indian territory and the
country west ot it closing up the cattle
A Queen's Privilege.
"The queen rodent of Spain, ssys
the New York Tribune, "is knocking
i the blue laws of Spanish etiquette to
nieces at a lolly rate. 1 ue oiner uay
oiu.,i a m.x.tins' of the ministry at
DUG V .... v - -. r5 im-l " ,
k ooti.. f Aramuez. neu the
statesmen reached the pate of the park
I fnund the nueen and the Princess
T,' 5 waitina' for them. The queen
I -av-'w - - - rr . n . T
bel was in a drag and four. The
r,,,pn was drivinsr- She invited Senor
.ad t a V If I tr H :i 1 i 11 lurr a t ihvvu
the other ministers were accomodated
in the drag. On reaching the castle
or.ffe was brougnt, anu me q- "
I cr.,-..A tr the centlemen. i.ne
I m:njsters seemed to hesitate, in an
i annai3 0f Spanish history no suu-
i the annas Df Spanish ni
I ever snioked in
I i . The queen
I OI a quern. -1
K r-.imni.ind. anu tne
tLa dutiful subieets, obeyed.
Gold-sticks and chamberlains have
bn ever since in honeles3 despon
Some Amnsinjr Retort.
A iude, whose personal appearance
J.!..r a liia intellect
w ! v t.i ! hi indoinent fair, asked
was iw ; ' . r , .. ....
a voun" lady noteu ior uw -
a uuu ... j . , .i, Viiirn-
mt bv the term num-
W H ill -j.
"Well, my lord," replied the
K,noV how to explain It; but il
i?.?, 2lld vour lordship a
ot th interruption,
man. lhe would be hnmbaj
UfliUUlw ; w
Even sharper was the epigrammatic
reolv of a young lady to an old admirer,
repij l - J o , t !.. returned
haound herve turned
it to her-with the following dibtich.
If from. rw LinVe to th
-aw l,.ra3 laa 1lVA
The old gentleman's name was Page;
tire is rvjve. " -
anu uc aw." . " ,
i. - ,...u;..i.i t.nn ioiiowiux uuca.-
PeCliBM nn". , --
. - 1 n ..f WIUI'll CIISvuiium uiui
so mucn mat " r
VVw Paie to w and that won't do for me.
. T.. .wt vf.11 1111. Ul M7t.l7,
February is, 1S37.
auissisBippi iiigtory Jievivea in a
Speech by Gen. Chalmers.
HIS ADMIRABLE ADDRESS TJPOS THE LATE
JUDGE ELLETT, DELIVERED IS fRE
BESTlifO THE REBOLUTIOK3.
The members of the Memphis bar have
rarely been more highly entertained, more
edified or more deeply moved than they
were on the morninz of October 26. when
Gen. Chalmers presented to the criminal
court the resolutions of renpect for the
memory of the late Judge Ellett, adopted
at a recent meeting of the bar.
Gen. Chalmers aaid: If your honor
pleane, I rise in obedience to instructions
from a bar meeting, held in this city on
the 22d day cf October, 1887, to ask that
the resolutions of the members of the bar,
together with those of the Cotton and
Merchants' Exchanges and of the Jack-
sonian Club, which were adopted at that
meeting as testimonials of our respect tor
the late Judge Ellett, may be spread upon
the miuutee of this honotable court.
Henry Thomas Ellett was born in
Salem, N. J., on the 8th day of March,
1812, and died in Memphis, lenn., on the
15th day of October, 1887, as was well said
by Hon. C. W. Heiskell in his eloquent
preamble to the bar resolutions, "in the
presence of the assembled thousands, who
had lust listened to his eminently appro
priate, eloquent and patriotic address of
welcome to the president ot tne umiea
lie graduated with distinction at Prince
ton College, and after having obtained a
license to practice law moved to Missis
sippi and became a citizen ol uiai mate.
The seeds of political discord between the
.North and South had then been sown and
had begun to germinate, but had not
ripened into that intolerant sectional
hatred which eventually fired the hearts of
Northern and Southern men against each
other which came near producing seces
sion in 1851, and which ten years later
culminated into the greatest ctvil war of
modern times. At the time whtn Henry
T. Ellett came to Mississippi, and fr
many years after, young men of education
from the North were welcomed as citizens,
and ofteu highly honored with official
positions in the South.
lhere were three counties in ouin
Mississippi Adams, Jetlerson and Clai
borne lying next to each other.
each fronting on the Mississippi
river, then the great highway of travel
and commerce, each then famous for its
production of "petit gulf cotton," and each
possessing a climate wnere ine air in
springtime was heavily laden with the
rich perfume oi the magnolia trees grow
ing sontaneously in the forests, and they
were at an early uay seiueu witu laminm
cf wealth, education and refinement. Into
these three counties mere came, witniu a
few years of each other, four remarkable
young men irom tne ionn, wuo were
long and intimately associated wun eacu
other at the bar ; whose forensic contests
are still remembered as the battle ot in
tellectual giants, and whose names will
he forever linked with the name and fame
of Mississippi in the days of its legal and
political purity Prentiss and Quitman, of
Adams, Clark, of Jefferson, and Ellett, of
Claiborne. The first and most widely
known of these, Sargeant S. Prentiss, the
boon companion and matchless orator,
who made the name of Mississippi famous
by his speeche in Congress, as her repre
sentative, was from Maine, ine seconu,
John Anthonv Ouitman. the hero of
Chapultepec and of the Belen Gate of the
City of Mexico, who was distinguished as
t-ity ol Mexico, wno was uwuugumueu u
a chancellor, a governor and a member of
Congress from Mississippi, was from New
York. The third, Charles Clark, a veteran
of the Mexican war. a hero who fell
desierateiy wounded at the battle of
Shiloh and again in tne seige oi i'ori
Hudson, who was the last war governor of
Mississippi and afterward a distinguished
chancellor of that State, was from Ohio.
The last and youngest, Henry T. Ellett,
the thorouehlv-eauiDPed scholar, the accu
rate lawyer, the faultless gentleman, the
true Christian and splenuiuiy-oaianceu
man, who represented Mississippi in Con
gress, in her State Senate and in her high
court of errors and appeals, was from New
Jersey. It is no disparagement to Judge
Ellett to say that he was not me equal oi
Prentiss as an orator. But few men were,
if any man ever was, his equal. The great
orator of Soutn Carolina, viiiiaui y.
Preston, who was called the "inspired
declaimer," and who was certainly one of
the great orators of the United States
Senate, was president of the South Caro
lina College wnen a was a hiuucui.
and in a lecture to my class on rneioru; ue
said that Sargeant S. Prentiss was me
greatest orator that ever lived in ancient
or modern times that he possessed "the
polish of Cicero, the action ot Demostne
nese and the magnetic power of Patrick
Henry." Prentiss was grand and princely
in every thing that he did. His faults
were as great and glaring as his virtues,
but, like a volcano, his dazzling eruptions
were eelf-consuming, and he passed awav
in early manhood like a fiery comet which
startles the earth for a brief period wun
its brightness and then vanishes as it
came. Me was worsnippeu uy
devoted followers and admirers, but his
brilliant, seductive and eratic career proved
to h n "iirais fatuis." luring to his
destruction many a bright young man who
attempted to follow it.
Henrv T. Ellett. on the other hand.
lived to a ripe and virtuous age, shining
like fixed star, shedding its pure and
gentle light night after night and year
after year, with unfading effulgence and
unwavering steadiness, until he became a
pole star in our firmament, by whose rays
the feet of the rising generation may be
guided with unerring certainty in the
pathway ot trutn, virtue and greatness.
Hitman and ciarK were corn leaaere oi
men wno snone wun distinction on ine
battle field and in the fierce conflicts of
political strife, and it is no disparagement
to Judge Ellett the man of peace) to say
that he was not their equal in these
He did not possess any ot tne military
ardor and dash of Gen. Quitman, nor that
indomitable energy and unyielding tenacity
hich made Gov. Clark famous both in
civil and military life, but in clearness of
perception, in calmness of judgment and
dispassionate action, he was perhaps the
superior of either. The military ardor
and dash of Gen. Quitman involved mm
to such an extent with those daring spirits
ho. in 1850. contemplated the capture of
Cuba, that he was arrested by the United
States government while he was governor
Ol .Mississippi SOU W icvi iu un j uncu
States court at New Orleans for this
offense. The unyielding spirit of Gov.
Clark made him refuse to allow the United
State flag to be hoisted over the Legisla
ture of ill ississippi. assembled in the State
House at Jackson, immediately alter our
surrender in 1S65, and for this he was
arrested by the United States government
while governor ol Mississippi anu im
prisoned in Fort Pulaski. Judge Ellett
mucn Ol to at caunoRM oi
. h --jj to be the great dis-
tincnishing feature of William of Orange,
ever to have become involved in any such
diffinnlties. But Prentiss. Quitman, Clark
and Ellett were all great men, and men
kn ihfl anna of MISSISSIPPI Will long
delight to remember and to honor. Like
sturdy oaks from the North, transplanted
in the South, they not only took root in
nnr eenial anil, but gathered new strength
from the change ana conunuea h grow
until their wide-spreading branches added
new beantv to the Southern landscape and
cast refreshing shade over all that came
within their reach.
In 1844 Judge Ellett was elected to Con
gress from Mississippi to fill the unexpired
term of Jefferson Davis, who had resigned
his seat to take command ot the x irst Beg
iment of Mississippi Volunteers in the war
with Mexico, and while there bis spou
purity ot character ana ms exqnuuuj neat
ness of person won for him the title of "the
J gentleman of the House," and marked him
I i;f th rntlemann in everr
noaition to which he was called. He was
I f : . -.u ;n.i;nn riAnm..
owiorai uu. .- ---s--i
I K, lil ;t rxtraun he had no taste for
but declined it, because he had no taste for
nniitical lifeu and for the same reason he
afterwards aeeunea a sea ia u uwino-
ate States' cabinet, which was tendered to
him by Jefferson Davis under most flatter
ting circumstances. But while Judge El
political office, he lived
in Miaaiwuppi at a time when every law
yer was expected to represent his paity as
I Kl!rSwl ana nasas arwl
rf d in rpect. He was a
.trit fnnatrnction. State's rights iemo-
I . ' . . , . .V
rri. and as such was eiecsea to me con
vention which passed the ordinance of se-
I . anas Va. t-. It
cession, January 9, 1861, and took his full
ahar nf reannnsibilitT for that act. Lord
I'lmnUI in hi lives of the lord chancel
lore, has expressed the regret that so few
Jackson, Mississippi, November 9, 1887. (Vol. 51--N0. 40.
of the English judges had contributed any
thing to the parliamentary reform of the
laws of their country. This complaint
cannot be made of Judge Ellett lie was
for many years a member of the State Sen
ate of Mississippi, where he contributed
largely and wisely to its legislation, and
was one of three great lawyers Sharkey,
Harris and Ellett who framed the code
of 1857, in which many important changes
were made in the laws of Mississippi, and
it can be truly said that he has written his
impress upon the laws of Mississippi, not
only in the opinions which he pronounced
as high court judge, bat in the statutes
which as a codiler and legislator he orig
inated and helped to enact. For, if I re
matnber correctly, he was chairman of the
judiciary committee of the Senate when
the code of 1857 was enacted.
In 1865 he entered on his duties as
judge of the old high court of errors and
appeals, and in 1367, being unable to take
the "iron-clad oath" whick was required
of him by the military governor of the
State, he resigned, moved to Memphis and
became a citizen of Tennessee. Missis
sippi gave to you an honored son, and for
twenty years you of Tennessee have known
him, have loved - him and have honored
him as we of Mississippi did before
In 1886 you made him chancellor of this
district, and the ease, dignity and pro
found learning with which he adminis
tered the duties of that office won for him
the confidence, respect and esteem of law
yers, litigants and the whole body of the
people ; and the vast concourse of mourn
ers who recently gathered in silent tears
around the open grave showed that it was
no holiday parade gotten up for display,
but the spontaneous outpouring of the
deep and heartfelt grief of a stricken peo
ple. When I first heard that Judge Ellett
had been selected to deliver the address of
welcome to the President, I am frank to
say that I thought he did not possess that
popular style of oratory best suited to such
an occasion, and that a mistake had been
made in his selection. But as I listened to
him and heard sentence after sentence fall
from his lips, so clear, so forcible aud so
eminently appropriate to the occasion, I
felt that I had misjudged the man. I had
known him for yetirs. I had heard him
often before iuries. before chancellors and
supreme judges. I had heard him in the
State Senate, and on the Btump, but I never
knew the reserve power and resources of
the man until I saw him rise to the dig
nity of that great occasion. I never real
ized the full stature of the man until I saw
and heard him face to face and measured
him intellectually with the President of
the United States. He fell dead, stricken
with heart disease, almost immediately
after closiog the greatest speech of his life.
To us who are left to mourn over his loss
it was a sad bereavement. But to him
who was prepared to go and who had
passed his three-score years and ten, it
was a great and glorious termination of a
long and well-spent life. It was a sudden
death, but not that sudden death which
overwhelm the unrepentant sinner, un
prepared to die; and against which we are
taught to pray in the litany of the church
to which he belonged. He bad made his
peace with God and man and stood wait
ing the call of his Master, with his lamp
trimmed and tilled, ready for the voyage
through the dark valley of death to the
bright fields of heavenly rest which lie
spread out beyond it. lie had just wel
comed to the South the first President who,
for more than a quarter of a century, was
acceptable to him and his party, ine
glad shouts of rejoicing thousands ap
plauding his SUCCeSSlUl perioruiaunD ui
this pleading duty were still ringing in his
ears. Jike lora unaiuam uu rt-i .c.
dent John Quincy Adams, he died with
his harness on, aud like jSelson at lraiai-
gar, his spirit was borne from eartu to
heaven amid tne joyous snouts ui u
" It is a fearful thing
To see the human soul take wing
In any shape in any mood."
But when it must be done, it is better it
were done quickly. "Let me not die by
inches" was eloquently said oy me gmu
Preston. It was the oft-repeated wish of
Judge Ellett, and his Heavenly rather
heard and answered his prayer. He was
a Christian in the highest and luuesi
sense of the word. But his Christianity
was free from every semblance ot harsh
ness, and was of that charitable, genial
and happy kind which teaches men to be
come as lime cniiaren nu iu
the throne of God with the smiting lace
and trusting confidence of a happy child
approaching a kind and loving father.
Judge Ellett was full of charity, gentle
ness aud sweetness of character, and J udge
Hammond, in his chaste and beautiful ad
dress at our bar meeting, well said that
"the sternest man may well unite feminine
sweetness of character with the manliest
virtues." These qualities were united in
judge Ellett in a remarkable degree. The
manliness of his character was evidenced
by the great order and decorum always ob
served in his courtroom. This was not the
result of severe discipline on his part, but
of the respect which his piesence com
manded. There was no harshness, there
was not even stiffness in his court. The
older members of the bar were easy in the
assurance that every right and courtesy
due them would be freely accorded them,
and the youngest and most timid felt that
in the chancellor he had an elder brother,
who would kindly extend a helping hand
and lead him safely through places oi aii
ficulty: and the great decorum in his
court was due to the fact that each man
felt he was in the presence of a manly
spirit and a master mind, lhe feminine
Bweetness 01 ms cnaracter waa ueav uio-
played in his association with ladies and
children, and was most beautilully illus
trated in almost tne last words oi nis oymg
speech. When he had concluded his wel
come to the President ana aesirea to ex
tend an equal welcome from the ladies ot
Memphis to his wile, instead oi turning to
her and putting her in the unpleasant po
sition of being publicly gazed at, while she
was being publicly addressed, witn mat
refined gentleness which adorns as much
the masculine as me ieminine coaraucr,
he requested the President to convey to his
wife the welcome greetings which he bore
to her from the ladies of Memphis. And
now when we look back to almost his last
words, invoking a blessing on the wife of
the President, we seem to be reading an
epitome of his own oeauiuui ine. lie
said : "May all ner ways oe ways oi pleas
antness, and all her paths peace," and in
this we are reminded of him ; for all his
wsva were ways of pleasantness, and his
paths were eminently paths of peace. But
he is gone. iNo more snail we listen to on
timely jests and his merry laugh in the
social circle. No more shall we hear his
cheery witticisms as we sit around the fes
tine board at a bar supper. No more shall
his sweetness of character win the admira
tion of the gentler sex. No more shall his
manly utterances on the hustings arouse
patriotic emotions in the breasts of his lei
low-men ; and no more shall his cogent
reasoning and sound judgment win the ad
miration even of counsel against whom he
decided. He has passed from earth to
heaven, and sits in the place appointed for
the richteons and iust. We write down
the births and deaths oi our iamiiy in tne
Holy Bible as a solemn record, and we
trust that when we are gone some loving
hand will make up the final record for us.
So it in meet, riirht and proper that the
lroal birth and the deaths oi eacn mem
-r of the bar be placed by some friendly
hand as a solemn record on the miuutes of
the courrt. This last sad service must
now be performed for one whose career is
ended and ni whom the record must DOW
With the hone that his spirit is nover-
inff nvr 11 a an A that his gentle face is
smiling noon us. and with a heart full of
all tne love ana anecuon n jvu"b
can feal for an elder brother. I now ask
that these resolutions touching the ltie,
death and character of Henry Tbomas El
lett be spread upon the minutes ot this
Wanted Mamma to Know It
Little Willie had had the subject of
a new brother or sister mentioned to
him as a probability in the near fu
One momiiii? the nurse called
him and Said:
"Willie, here is ft little sister the an
gels brought you last night. .
O. lt me see!" cried Willie in
cTMt iriee. "The ansrels never had
inv nnrasols. did thev?"
Whv. what a ouestibn. Why do
vou sav so?" -
"Cause, thev let her ret sun burnt.
She's right red. Take keer, let me by,
"Where are Toil coins?" "
Goinar U tell mamma. She don't
know it jet." The Vvlonck
Ths snail is a paradox. It is prover
bially slow, yet its pace l without bounds.
The Old-Fashioned Kitchen.
The old-fashioned kitchen, with kettles anc
And (rabk-roof reaching afve It:
With daisiee and lilies and "sparrow eras'
All scattered about oh, I love Itl
At noon what a feast, when the pies nicelj
From the oven with fragrance came sTeet
intr! I've wandered all over but never have I found
A place so delicious for eating-.
The ivy that elinrs to the old kitchen porcfc
Irwinirs gracefully, qutet and sttrady.
Where expectant I ("it as I wait for the call
Which tells me that "dinner ttt ready."
A sweet little' maiden whose elbow arc
By the traces of dough and of flour;
A china bowl brimminsr with roses as rare
A e'er g-raced a queen and her bower.
The pie-erust so crispy and biscuits so brown.
The rnastrrib bo succulent and tender:
The coffee o frairraiit and ejitrg yellow gold;
The waitress, twice over I send her.
The strawberry sauce and the green lettuce
The radisnB. "snappy," all lay there:
Tis a least for the gods, and I cannot resist
Quite man-like and hungry, and stay there.
The old-fashioned kitchen, with kettles and
And gable-roof reaching above It;
With daisies and lilies aud "sparrow grass"
All scattered about oh, I love It!
A sweet little maiden whose elbows are
By the traces of dough and flour,w
Sbe won the way unto my heart, and I guess
'Twas done by her kitchen's endower.
H. B. Keller, in Good Housekeeping.
out her silken
skirts, with a gracious
smile, "I am
perfectly satisfied, Miss Whittaker. I
am certain that I would be, after Mrs.
Halsey's recommendation. I am sure
your plaj'inj is charming. You will
give Genevieve her lirst le9son on
Monday, at four? You will find her
tractable. I hope you will be mutu
ally pleased with each other."
And Mrs. Gibson went smilingly out
of the music room, leaving her little
girl's newly engaged music teacher
her music and putting on
J her glov es,
It was rainin
g when she pulled on
her rubbers in the hall; the drops were
sjdashing down on the window. Letty
bit trie end of her music roll in con
sternation. She had on a new dress,
and new dresses were not a common
occurrence with her.
She was wondering whether she
might not wiit in a corner of the big
hail until the rain slackened, when
somebody came bounding down the
stairs, three steps at a time. It was a
genial-faced young man, in hat and
overcoat, anil with an umbrella.
Lefty's fair cheek pinkened. This
was Raymond Gibson, she knew. She
had seen him often enough in the
street, aud at church, where Letty was
sometimes substituted for the organist,
who had a habit 8l taking a l'est when
he felt like it.
She had heard Miss Taylor, to whom
she gave lessons, talk about him to her
bosom friend, detailing his good looks,
the amount of his father's fortune and
his general perfections, and declaring
that he was by far the most desirable
"catch" in town. And Letty had come
to have a certain timid consciousness
concerning him, because he always
looked at her so steadily when he met
her, not to say stared. "She looked up
at him now in tremulous shyness.
"Oh, I'm so glad!" cried young Mr.
Gibson breathlessly. "I was afraid
you'd be gone, Miss Whittaker. You'll
let me take you home, won't you? It's
raining hard. And yon haven't an
umbrella. I've been in the library lis
tening to your playing, and I can't
say how much I've enjoyed it. Miss
Whittaker. I'm sure Genevieve is aw
fully luck- to get you."
They were going down the front
steps. He had her music roll, and had
offered his arm, anil was holding his
umbrella so far over her that his silk
hat was getting rained on.
"I've enjoyed vour playing in church
so much, Miss vv mttaKeri lie went on
eagerly. "I wish Paterson would stay
away all the time."
Oil, Letty protested, witn ner eyes
on the wet street, "i m a very poor
substitute, Mr. Gibscn!"
Indeed you're not!" said the young
man earnestly. "I prefer your inter
pretations, really your touch, your
expression, everything. I'm always
delighted when Paterson's away. How
muddy its getting! Lets cross the
street, Miss Whittaker."
They met Sadie Merntt as they
crosied it. Sadie was in the Gibson
"set," and she gave the little music
teacher and her escort a stare of
Letty felt somewhat frightened as
they walked on; but Mr. Gibson
seemed to gain enthusiasm.
Do vou like music teachinz? he
said, helping her across a puddle. "1
suppose it s a borer
i do get tired sometimes, L.etty
admitted. "But I like it. I've a nice
"All ages, I suppose?" said Mr. Gib
"Oh ye9; from six to twenty. From
the first lesson in the instruction book
up to Chopin," Letty rejoined.
"loutake beginners, thenr
The Wilcox carriage was approach
ing, and the Wilcoxes were particular
friends of the Gibsons. Letty was glad
tho corner of her street was so near.
I have always liked music," said
Mr. Gibson hesitatingly. "I I sup
pose I'm rather old to learn, but could
you take another pupil?"
"Another pupil! she echoed.
"I should like awfullv to learn, you
know," said Mr. Gibson eagerly.
And it sha'n't be any trouble) to you.
J'll come to the house. You do take
pupils at the house, don't you? I
should like it immensely."
Ietty was dumb with astonishment.
A music pupil? Mr. Gibson? What
an incredible idea! And yet she was
not displeased at the prospect.
They had reached her modest little
gate, and she looked up with a timor
"Why, certainly,- Mr. Gibson, if you
wish," she murmured.
"I certainly do wish," he responded
emphatically; and he looked highly
Aud when he turned away from the
door, five minutes after, the date and
hour of his first lesson had been ar
ranged, and he had forced upon his
teacher his nrst term s tuition.
Letty gave her mother a light sketch
of that first term, at its close. She
had gradually recovered from her
amazement at the acquirement of her
latest pupil, and had given herself to
his instruction with all her usual inter
est and energy.
"He's very bright, really, mamma,1
she declared. "Of course it seemed
funny to have to teach him the very
rudiments. Why, he had to begin with
the staff, and learn the names of the
lines and spaces, just as my youngest
scholars do. It was all I could do to
keep from laughing, the first lesson.
But he learns so easily. He really has
good technique and I can see be a go
ing to nave lots oi reeling Tor music.
Hers got along really well. I know he
must practice awfully hard. He can
nlav a little piece with both hands al
ready, and he says he'll play it at the
rehearsal Thursday afternoon. I told
him he needn't if he didn't want to.
You know all my class is going to
play, and I'm afraid they'll laugh, it's
so funny to see him playing it. But
be says he'd just as leave as not. Of
course 111 explain that he hasn't taken
Mr. Gibson came next day for his
lesson; he took two a week. ' He
played his scales through carefully'.
and then executed his "piece" with
laborous pains, dui witn great success.
iiettv was aeiigntea.
"If you do as well as that at the re
hearsal! she said, with a pretty en
thusiasm wnicn giuea ner pupil s eyes
to her face. "Miss Taylor has offered
their parlor, you Know, and I m so
glad, because if all the parents and
Friends come therell hardly be room
"Miss Taylor?" Mr. Gibson repeated.
somewhat blankly, it struck his teach
riut ne went on taiKingot sonieunn?
else, and talked on till the striking of
the clock made him jump up.
lie naa iaiien into the habit of stav
ing after his lesson was over to talk;
so that after twenty- lessons it was not
strange that thev fe't tolerablv well
acquainted. And Letty had confided
to herself more than once that Mr.
Gibson was "uncommoulv" entertain
ing aud nice. -
The rehearsal passed off with all pos
sible smoothness; but Mr. Gibson was
not there. Letty had received a note
from him at the last minute, statin"-
his unavoidable detention.
A bunch of flowers had afecom pan ied
it, and a white rose shone in Letty's
soft hair at the rehearsal.
.Little Genevieve came and plaved
successfully. Mrs. Gibson came with
her. and she -smiled blandly on Lettv.
and complimented her on Genevieve's
progress. She did not mention her
son, and Ltty went home vaguely
She gave Genevieve a lesson next
day. She didn't understand why it
was, but the imposing hall, with its
stately furnishings, and the charming
ly appointed music room, somehow
depressed her. '
She had another rose from Mr. Gib
son's bouquet in a button hole of her
jacket, and she looked down at- it
rather, drearily, bhe had come to
know him so well, aud all this gran
ueur seemeu to tnrusi ner so hope
lessly far away from him. Not that
she had that thought distinctly in
mind. She was a sensible girl, and by
no means foolishly impressionable ami
romantic. But she was dimly un
It was due to this mo d, doubtless.
mat sue iorgot ner mutt, and was go
ing on her way home without. She saw
young Mr. Gibson run up the steps as
she turned baek, and she walked slow
ly in order to avoid him.
iiis hat was on a peg when she was
admitted to the hall. Lettv looked at
it wistfully. It looked woefully differ
ent, hanging on a mahogany hat rack.
with a long mirror, and lviug infor
mally on her piano top at home.
I he notes of the Gibson tuano were
sounding, and Letty listened wonder
ingly. She recognized the Moonlight
Sonata, brilliantly and charmingly ex
ecuted. Who was it? Mrs. Gibson possibly:
but Letty had had the impression that
Airs, txioson uiun t play.
She listened with quickly apprecia
tive admiration and with some longing,
because she felt certain that that was
better than she could have done.
ne went on into tne music room in
Her muff lay on the chair where she
had left it; but Letty did not take it.
She stood quite still in the doorway.
gazing sjieechless at the person on the
It was Kaymond Gibson. He was
absorbed in his occupation. His head
was tnrown ikick, ana his eyes wore
on tne ceiling.
He was using the pedals vigorously
His music teacher had. stood in the
doorway some three minutes before he
became aware of her presence. Then
there was a crashing of the keys.
"Miss vv hittaker! gasped her pupil.
Letty only gazed at him. She was
Mr. Gibson sprang to his feet.
"Don't look like that!" he entreated,
rushing towards her. "Don't Miss
cut ieuy snranK uack, her eyes
nxeu upon nun in solemnity and stern
ness. "What what does this mean. Mr.
Gibson.'' she said, with an austerity
which was marred by her faltering
Mr.Gibson pulled her gently inside.
ana stmt tne tiuor.
"I know you'll forgive me!" he im
Lettv looked at him with reddening
cheeks, and then burst into tears.
"What did you do it for?" she
"What for?" her pupil repeated,
standing very close to her and getting
possession of one of her hands. "Don t
you know. Miss Whittaker Letty?
I've wanted to know 3-ou so for years
ever since I first saw you. And I'd
begun to think I never should be able
to manage it. I used to lie awake
nights worryingover it, And walking
home with you that day I hadn't iu-
tended it, truly, but we were talking
about your pupils, you know, and the
idea occurred to me, aud and I
couldn't help it. Don't be angry. I
did accomplish - it, you see. We do
know each other. What's the odds,
"You've made roe perfectly ridicu
lous!" Letty sobbed.
If she had heard his last adjective,
she ignored it.
"No, no I've been careful not to!
Nobody knows it, not a soul. That's
why I didn't go to the rehearsal the
Taylors know I can play, you see."
lie did his best to stifle a laugh; but
his teacher was laughing, too, through
her tears. The vision of her tall pupil
laboring through "Little Katy's First
Waltz" overcame her.
"You ought to be ashamed of your
self!" she cried, laughing and crying
"Iam I am!" said Raymond. "I'm
ashamed; but I am not sorry. Why,
I might not have known you yet if I
Then he paused, palpitatingly,
"What duets we'll have when we're
married, dear?" he said softly.
What will your mother say?" said
Letty, gasping with bewildered joy.
"Say? She 11 say I've got the sweet
est girl in the world. She hasn't any
ridiculous notions; and, besides, she'll
never think of denying we anything I
And neither did she.
small boy of high church breed
ing, whose parents visit a quiet place
in summer, is one of the precocious
sort that always speaks up as if they
were born with a full-fledged vocab
ulary. He recently entered one of
the humble cottages at this place, and,
spying over the mantel a cheap print
representing the Virgin with St
Elizabeth on the one hand and St
Joseph on the other, and the inscrip
tion "Ave Maria" underneath, thus
delivered himself to the master of the
"I am glad, sir, to see that nice
picture in your house. I suppose you
know what it means?"
The man looked seriously at it and
replied: "Well, no, sir, can't say aa
how I do. That's the old' ooman's she
knows." A few moments later the
woman entered, and the lad accosted
"I was just telling yon husband how
flad I was to see such a picture in your
ouse. I suppose you are acquainted
with its significance?"
"O, yea' replied the "old 'ooman."
"I know the story of that The man
is axing the woman in the middle
will he 'are her, and she is saying as
how being married herself she can't,
but won't he "ave Maria?" Uoime
The People of China,
The population of China is known to
ave been greatly overestimated by the
Chinese themselves in the earlier days
of European intercourse. A recent
Chinese official report places the num
ber of inhabitants at S82.000.000. This
agrees quite closely with the estimates
of European statisticians. In 1842 the
population of China was supposed to
be about 413.000.000. but whether
there has been any such decrease as
these figures indicate cannot be known,
though it seems to be much more
probable that the 1842 census returns
were exaggerated. The area of China
proper is less than half that of the
United States and Territories exclu
sive of Alaska, and yet it contains six
times the number of inhabitants, if
these late official returns are correct.
Last June Willie Hobson of Russell
ville, Ky., was bitten by a water snake
while fishing. Recently he has had all
the symptoms of rabies, which are at
tributed to the snake bite.
The Evils of Gift Giving.
Sham and show, perplexity, annoy
ance and extravagance have crept into
the customs of gift giving. Though
one may make a gift out of the depth
of the heart, and do it becomingly and
unassumingly, yet it seems as it a
dozen influences were bearing on him
to force him into greater expense than
he can afford, or to give where he is
reluctant to do so, or where he must
make a show ot the article given.
Quiet, unostentatious, spontaneous
giving shines brightly, when we find it.
amid the dreary heartlessness, the
gaudy show and the heartburnings that
oiten accompany the formal giving that
is a part of social life.
ne reaaer may call to mind some
wedding or birthday aniversarv that
she is invited to help celebrate. The
problem of all problems, even outrank
ing the common, "what shall I wear,"
then is, "What present shall I send."
11 is not enough to go and participate
in the social duties and to be cordial
in well wishing and congratulation.
for none of this will pardon the neglect
or oversight of the gift There will be
the question, "Where is Mrs. Jackson's
present, and then the unpleasant
comment, n sne tias made none.
So Mrs. Jackson sets out to find
some compromise between pride and
purse, perhaps . poverty, something
tnat costs no more than absolutely
compulsory and yet looks as if it were
worth a great deal more, something
that the other guests will not look at
slightingly if not speak of contemptu
ously, or at least think of in the same
And then the guests compare these
proxies of themselves and put them
selves on exhibition, after a fashion.
but in the same way that thev would
do, if they were to stand up liefore
committee of critics and have the style
and elegance of their clothing passed
upon. 1 lie show is at last over, but
tne jealousies ana neartburnings re
main, the fear that respectability has
been endangered by the insignificance
of the gift,or the overtopping conscious
ness of a few that they each made the
best of one of the best presents of the
Afterwards, as is more or less the
custom in some parts of the country
the names of the donors and a brief
description of their gifts, apiear in
some newspaper, there to undergo fur
ther comparison and criticism and all
the train of accompaniments. Finally
if the present was valuable enough, it
may find its way to a shop where
duplicate presents are bought and
soiu, so nine uia me receiver care
about the personality of the giver, or
of such little use is it to the recipient
among several other presents of the
Gift extortion and compulsory gift
making are little less than sinful, il
they are short of that Gifts are by
no means always the token of friend
ship and, when combined with the
abuses that are often made to accom
pany them, they are demoralizing, they
are unpleasant features of what take
the form of duties, and they are dark
spots in social life.
Something is wrong when a present
is made a test of social standing, or
when it is the prerequisite of perform
ing a social act. X here is an oppor
tunity for reform, when what is appar
ently a friendly deed, is confessedly
empty 01 honest intent, when it
burdensome, annoying, compulsory,
iaise-hearted, or made for show.
evidence of wealth or merely for social
The only excuse that one can make
for these abuses of gift making, is that
their compulsory features have the
effect of puting people into the habit of
making presents at a time when
their friendly feelings have not become
strong to prompt the act unaided.
With the growth of these feelings, the
custom gradually gets a better and
surer Inundation and stands more
plainly in harmony with civilization.
A gift should be an embodiment ol
sentiment, from which cost should be
totally divorced as an element ol
weight, and with which no social com
pulsion should be linked, except the
compulsion of a spontaneous expression
of feelings. The world is nut good
enough for this yet, but some attempt,
if only a feeble one, if general enough,
would be a green oasis in the social
desert. Good Housekeeping.
Making Scented Extracts.
Pomades are the commercial vehicle
for absorbing and transporting the
perfumes of the jonquil, tuberose, and
a few other specie3 of flowers. A
Square frame, or chassis, of white wood,
aud about twenty inches by thirty
inches in size, is set with a pane of
strong plate-glass. On each side of
the glass is spread a thin, even layer of
grease, which has been purified and re
fined. Thus prepared, the frames are
Eiled up in ranks six or seven feet
igh, to await the season of each
special . flower. When the blossoms
arrive the petals are picked from the
stem the pistils and stamens being
discarded and laid so as to cover the
grease in each frame. These being
again piled so as to rest upon their
wooden edges, which fit closely to
gether, there is formed a series of tight
chambers, the floors and ceilings of
which are of grease, exposed to the
perfume of the flower leaves within.
The grease absorbs the perfume, the
spent flowers arc removed daily, and
fresh ones supplied, and this process
goes on from two to four or five
months, according to the desired
strength of the pomade, which, when
sufficiently charged with perfume, is
taken from the glass with a wide thin
spatula, and packed in tin cans for ex
port By tiese methods the delicate
odors of flowers are extracted and re
tained fer transport to distant markets,
where, being treated with alcohol, they
yield their perfume to that stronger
vehicle, and produce the floral waters
and extracts of commerce. Coarser
pomades are made by boiling the flowers
in the grease and subjecting the residue
to pressure. The sjient pomades are
used for toilet purposes and in the
manufacture of tine soaps. The
process of preparing perfumed
oils involves the same principle, except
that instead of solid grease, superfine
olive oil is used. With this oil pieces
of coarse cotton fabric are-saturated,
which are then spread upon wire net
ting stretched in wooden frames about
three feet by four feet- in size. The
flowers are spread upon the saturated
cloths, and the frames piled one above
the other, so that the perfume of the
flowers is absorbed as in the previous
process. Essences and "flower waters"
are produced by ordinary distillation,
in which the flowers are boiled with
water in large alembics. The vapor
carries off the perfume, and is con
densed in adjoining copper tanks, like
ordinary spirits. Some of the retorts
used for this purpose are of sufficient
size to receive at once half a ton of
fresh flowers with the requisite water
for their distillation. When "flower
waters" are to be produced alcohol is
used in the distilling tank to reeeive
the perfumes. By skillful combina
tions of the perfumes of different flow
ers, sometimes ' with the addition of
chemicals, a large variety of handker
chief extracts, such as "Patchouli,"
"Jockey Club," "West End," etc., are
produced. Chambers' Journal.
She Cared Him.
There is a young married man living
in Minneapolis who is a very good fel
low, but he has fallen into the habit of
using profanity almost constantly.
His charming wife tried a dozen ways
to break him of the habit without suc
cess... Finally she decided upon a plan.
He came home the other evening and
remarked: "It's been a h -of a day,
hasn't it?" "What in h has been
the matter with it?" asked the wife
coolly. He looked as if he bad been
struck by a cyclone. It required two
days to break the young man of the
habit, for his ' wife repeated every
"swear-word" he used in her presence.
Now he doesn't swear even when he
mtses a nail and strikes his finger with
the hammer. Argonaut.
Cincinnati is now making
machine than hand made bricks.
WIT AM) HUMOR.
When a man belongs to the past H
is a great pity to be digging htm up
and crowding him into the present
.1 xsrteana iicayune.
"Land Leaguer" writes to know
where the first recorded eviction took
place. The first Eve-iction. we believe,
was from the Garden of Kden But'.
It has been discovered that Riiffsln
Bill eats green peas with his knife.
London society is in a quandary
whether to ostracize him or imitate
him. Chicago Tribune.
Magistrate (ta nnlicpmant What 'a
the charge against this man? Police-
ma" lie asked me if it was hot
enough for me. Magistrate Six
momns. ieto lork Sun.
Old Mrs. Bently (in an art gallery)
The program savs that's the Venus
of Milo. Old Mr. Bent lev I reckon
she must have been killed in a railroad
accideut. Mirandy. -Yew York Sun.
In his Atlantic ode. "Mv Country.
George E. Woodberrv describes Jus
tice as "the third great base" on which
our welfare is founded. It was high
time mat our national game should be
recognized in patriotic poetry. Life
'You say Smythe's new store ou the
avenue is closed?' "les, it is shut
up. " hy, I thought it was doing
an immense business." "That s just
what busted it up. It was always so
crowded that nobody could get into
it. icxas bitunas.
"My dear old friend, how were vou
able to acquire such an immense for
tune?" "Bv a very simple method
What method is that?" "When I
was iKor I made out that I was rich.
and wheu I got rich I made out that 1
was poor. lexas Stflmas.
"What is that terrible racket about?'
asked a Whitehaller as he passed a
house on Queen street, and heard a
child veiling at the top of its voice.
O, that's nothing," exclaimed his
companion, "it is simply a woman
banging her heir." HVitfcAaf. Times.
ni Louis nusoand (alter seeing
"Hamlet") The man who wrote that
play is genius. Wife You mean
Shakspeare? Husband Yes; and if
he ever writes another and it's plaved
in this city, there wou't be stand iu'
room after tho lirst act Harper's Ba
Judge, who has invited an alderman
to sit beside him on the bench Mr.
Alderman, do you think the prisoner
is guilty P Just whisper your opinion
to me. Alderman judge, lie is no
more guilty than I am. Judge, hesi
tating a few minutes, then aloud I
shall sentence the prisoner to five
years imprisonment tpocn.
Ignorant foreigner "You have
ricultural fairs in this country, 1
hear?" American farmer - "Yes,
every fall. I'm gettin' ready for the
next one now. 1. J?. "Kather early
to make selections of agricultural fan-
exhibits, 1 should fancy." A. F. "No,
sir-ee; takes a good while to train
trottin bosses, mister." Tid-lSits.
loung wile k), Mr. Jones, 1m so
sorry Tom brought you home to dinner
to-day. If he had told me you were
onminir I il hitrn n-nl Kiiiiiiilhinf, nw.n
. V. . . . VJ ...... OVUl ttlill lll 1.
and I haven't a thing in the house tit
to eat. Mr. Jones Now please don't
say a word about it, my dear madam,
You needn't worry yourself a particle
I take the most of my meals at home
myself. - -IHttsburg Dixpatch.
Omaha man (in amazement) Ten
dollars a yard for such stuff as that?
Wife (very naturally mistaking the
cause of his surprise) That's all; isn't
it a bargain? Only ten dollars, just
think of it- "Why its scarcely half
width." O, don't worry about that.
uear. 1 was eareiui to make every
allowance for that and got twice as
many 3-ards as usual." Omaha World.
A citizen of Missouri who has been
a little put out in times past by East
ern newspaper comment on "Western
lawlessness," writes to a friend in this
city: "I see by the morning jmjiers you
have killed another woman in Hart
ford. Don't kill them; send them out
here. This is sarcasm with a sting in
it, and it stings because the Missourian
is to a certain extent "twitting on
facts." Ilartford Courant.
Mrs. Goldleaf, newly graduated from
a very humble sjihere of life, is fond of
using a trench word now and tiien.
and this she always does with striking
ellect As, for instance, when speak
ing of some duty her maid-servant had
left undone, she remarked in a light
and airy manner, "Pauline is a good
servant a very good servant but
must confess she is apt to be neglige."
Harper a ISazar.
Col. Bowlegs "Death and furies
who has been at my meerschaum?"
Julius (the colored servitor) "Ain't
seen nobody handlin' it. sir." Col.
Bowlegs "Confound it! it seems to bo
full of debris." Julius (alarmed)
".tore de Lawd. Kunnel. 1 confess!
smoked 'em, but I didn't use nothin
but Xxne Jack. I wouldn t put no
such stuff as 'daybree' in any gen'le-
man s pipe. rhuadelphia Call.
Two friends are walking along the
street One of them, pointing to a
house says: "There's a beautifulplace,
but it's enough to make a man sad to
look at it." "Why so?" "On account
of its history; for, desjiite its calm and
serene surroundings, it was built upon
the groans, tears, wailings and blood
of widows, orphans, old men and strug
gling women. "lou don t say so.
Was it built by a railroad monopo
list? "O, 110; by a dentist Arkm-
The most attractive object on Main
street yesterday was a squaw of the
Sioux nation, who paraded the street
with a gau.Iy silk parasol held hrmly
above her blanket-covered form. She
did the best she could to handle the
parasol in the most civilized manner.
but the ladies laughed at her and the
men smiled broadly, for her uncouth
savagery could not be concealed. She
walked the full length of Main street
without knocking out an eye. Bis
An elderly man with an excited nose
yesterday afternoon stood and looked
intently and admiringly at a police
patrol-lox which was surmounted by
a gas-lamp. Then he began talking to
himself, and he knew what he was
talking about "That's a big improve
ment over the old plan, where a fellow
had to hold up a lamp-post when he
lost his reckoning and fetched up
against it Now he gets inside and the
thing holds him up. This is getting to
be a great country." Buffalo Courier.
A teacher was endeavoring to find
out the proficiency of her little friends
in mental arithmetic, and took the fol
lowing method of finding out what she
desired to know: "Now, children."
she said, "suppose I had two squash
pies, and divided one of them into ten
pieces and the other into 100 pieces.
which would you rather have, a piece
of the pie that was divided into ten
pieces or that cut into 100 pieces?"
There was an absolute hush for a mo
ment, and then a little girl answered,
timidly: "One of the 100 pieces."
"Why so?" "Well, please ma'am, I
don't like souash pie." Boston Bud
.The people of New York are not
very sociable, are the-? said a West
ern man, addressing an acquaintance
who lived in the East "Well, I don't
know but they are. although they may
be a little jieculiar in that respect
For several years I bad my office in a
very large building on Broadway.
One day a fellow came in and asked
if my name was J. W. McFiddleton.
I told him it was and then, after a few
moments's silence, he said: "My office
is just across the hall, and ever since I
saw yoursigri several years ago I have
been intending to drop in and see you.
I am your brother, you know, and
well, now are you getting along, any
way? Yes," continued the Eastern
man, "they are a trifle peculiar, but
after you get in with them you find
them very sociable." Arkansaw Trav
tUr. We are all slaves," said an English
Socialistic orator, as be pounded the
desk on the platform. "Not all of
us," said an old man, rising. "Yes,
sir," answered the orator, "every one
of us. We may sing, 'Britons never,
never, never shall ' be slaves,' but we
are slaves for all that" "Some of our
mechanics are free, you'll admit?"
Who are they?" "The Free Ma
sons." Then the orator sat down.
An odd timepiece is shown in a Phil
adelphia window. The front of the
clock is a large, round waiter. The
hours are marked on a dozen oyster
shells. A small plate, garnished with
slices of lemon, conceals the work.
and th hands are a knife and lor Jc.
, T1IU WA-HEMBE.
Aa Iatsrv-ttmc Trlba of Afrleaaa ThJ
Prefer IaratH ta Slavery.
Every now and. then some mission
ary or explorer in Africa reports the
discovery of some interesting tribe
that has never been beard ol before.
Though Africa has been overrun in all
directions, there are extensive regions
oeiween the tracks ol travelers that
are still unknown, and remarkable in
formation often rewards the first
wh ite man who visits them. Father
Josset a Catholic missionary, who
lives west ot Lake Tanganyika, has
just sent home an account of an in
teresting people of whom Livingstone.
Cameron, Stanley, Thompson, and
other travelers never heard, though
they all. doubUess. saw the mountains
on which this tribe have made their
The Wa-Bembe. Father Josset savs.
inhabit a chain of mountains some dis
tance west of the great Lake Tang&n-
jiaa. ine country around them has
for years been overrun by Arab slave
and ivory dealers, but the W a-lie rube
have never met them. It has been
their deliberate purpose to avoid all
contact with the Mohammedan ele
ment and this difficult policy has been
successfully carried out
Dividing their tribe into clans, the
mountaineers have built their villages
upon the loftiest and most precipitous
parts of the chain of mountains they
uiiuuii. a ui-j ierniy IOI Old all
strangers from climbing their sum
mits. When they have become well
acquainted with individuals ot other
tribes they permit their visits, but ,
they allow no party of men to ascend
iiieir mountains, anu iiiey wilt have
nothing to do with natives whom thev
suspect of liohHng relations with tho
Arabs or with the augwanas, a tribe
that has been converted to Islamism.
They devote themselves to the culture
of the soil, and their mountains are
the granary of the northwest coast of
Sometimes they1 descend into the
plain to exchange the products of their
fields for the iron lances and axes
made by the natives of Uvira.
These visits are very brief. Then
they visit the mission stations to get
cloth in exchange for the provisions
they bring. They always reach the
stations at nightfall, and as soou as
their business is transacted they at
ouce retrace their steps to their moun
tain homes. They have grown to have
confidence in the missionaries, and
their chiefs have at last consented to
receive white meu on their mountains
who go there to buy food.
it must not be thought that the v a-
Bembc take pleasure in thus isolating
themselves from tho world around
them. They keep all men at arm's
length because they know the misery
that the Arab slave-dealers have in
flicted upon scores of hapless villages.
They are determined to die rather
than bo enslaved, and in their moun
tain fastness they are able, through
their bravery and superior position, to
keep themselves free and independent
They bitterly hate all Mohammedans,
and want all persons of that faith to
let them severely alone. Their self-
imposed restraints are galling never
theless, and they would like to be
able to move more freely around the
A little while ago one of tne chiefs
visited Father Josset's mission station.
We would like," said he, "to be the
claildren of the whites. The situation
in which we live is very unpleasant
We are obliged to till our fields with
the hoe in one hand and the spear in
the other. If the whites would only
induce the Arabs and their native
friends to let us alone the present
situation would cease. We would then
work in our fields without fear, and
we would gladly supply our white
friends and their children with food.
We would bring you, not as to-day,
little bundles of food that children can
carry, but big loads under whoso
weight even men would fall."
The missionaries told the chief that
they rooked upon the Wa-Bembe as
their children, and that they would at
tho first opportunity intercede with the
Arabs iu their behalf. It is to be
feared that they will not be able to
make much impression upon the cruel
slave-drivers, who kill without mercy
all the natives who oppose their
Father Josset says the Wa-Bembe
are a numerous people, and the
mountains where they dwell fairly
swarm with human beings. A native
whom the missionaries sent to the
mountain homes of this people re
turned with the statement that men
were as thick on the mountain slopes
as blades of grass on the plain, and
that some of their villages along the
ridges were three miles in length.
Here is a tribe that at one of the
very head fountains of the Arab slave
trade have maintained - the spirit of
freedom. They have kept arms in
their hands, determined to resist to the
bitter end all attempts to reduce them
to bondage. Their courage and the
natural stronghold which they defend
have made tlu ni formidable, and in
the pure air of their mountain homes
they are multiplying and strengthen
ing, while the tribes around them,
blighted by the Arab invasion, are
wasting away. Aew York Hun.
All along the charming gulf coast
from Mobile to Bay St Louis, or, in
the other direction, to St. Mark's and
Tallahassee, there is not a cot no
matter how lonely or lowly, provided
it has a fig tree, that there is not a
pair of mocking birds to do it honor.
The scuppernong vineyards, too, are
the concert-halls of this famous singer.
Near the home of Mr. Jefferson Davis,
and, I believe, upon the estate of tho
ex-confederate chieftain, I sat in the
shade of a water oak and heard a
mocking-bird sing, over a thrifty vine
yard, the rare dropping song of which
naturalists appear to liave taken no
notice. It was a balmy day in March,
the sky, the gulf, the air ah hazy and
shimmering, the whole world swim
ming in a purplish mist of dreams,
and I felt that the song was the ex
pression of some such sweet, passion
ate, longing as exhales from Keats'
"Ode to a Nightingale." Under the
low-hanging boughs, and over the
level, daisy-sprinkled ground, I gazed
upon the sheeny reach of water, half
convinced that I was looking through
Magic casement, opening on the foam
Of perilous seas. In fairy lands forlorn.
and the verb tones of the bird's voice
accorded with the feeling in which the
day was steeped. Genuine bird song
is simply the highest form of avian
vocalization, by which instinctively, if
not premeditatively, the bird finds ex
pression of pleasure. The absence of
true rhythm probably is significant of
a want of power to appreciate genuine
music, the bird's comprehension com
passing no more than the value of
sweet sounds merely as such. Serib-
Itare Old Humor.
An old cavalier was asked, when
Cromwell coined his first money, what
he thought of it On one side was tho
inscription, "God with us"; and on the
other, "The Commonwealth of Eng
land." "I see," he said, "that G'mI and
the common wealth are 011 different
Two candidates, named Adam and
Low, had to preach probation sermons
for a lectureship in the gift of a cer
tain congregation. Mr. Low preached
in the morning, taking for his text the
words, Adam, where art thou?" and
giving an excellent sermon. Mr.
Adam took for his text to the surprise
of the congregation and his rival, the
passage: "Lo, here I am." From this
he preached such a splendid impromptu
sermon that he gained the lecture-
lo conclude, we give the story or an
amateur artist who had decided to send
the productions of a quarter of a cen
tury to some charitable institution for
the benefit of the inmates. Before
doing so, he invited an old, plain
spoken Scotch artist to see his works,
informing him at the same time of his
philanthropic intention, and asking his
advice as to the institution on which
he should confer so much honor.
"Well," was the grim reply, "if y
will compliment them, the best place 1
a-ftn r la ins uiiuu asiiuui. .......
iv.rw hnahand in the United States
has informed his wife lately thitt the
French Courts have uecuiea umniu.u
- -io-ht rr onen his wife's letters.
The effect of the announcement, how
ever, has not been such that he is like
i.n.nnnwliii rights . without more
assistance than the French G
Go y era-
roent is likely to
offer. Journal J
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