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The clarion. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1883-1888, November 16, 1887, Image 4

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;3I:rIE tLARION.
: TAB ANARCHISTS.
IliMerv f f the llaj market Trag
edy in Chicago.
0AUSE3 OF THE TROUBLE.
Deeds cf the Fatefil Day May
4, 1888.
AEBI3T, TEIAL AKD CONVICTION
Judgment of the Illinois Courts Afirnietl
hy the Ration's Supreme Tribunal
I'ortralt. nml Mrlilin of the Police, the
Jul;rrs tit- .Jury, the Convl-tel and
Other r-ti fl rrrmni Pictures of
the Scene f ttm Tragedy, Court Scenes,
I.tc 'liln; l.vt-nt, of the lratnaw
I-eftern of the tiiiultmntil, la Which
They Mate T!iclr ( akr.
ANARCHY IN
AMERICA.
OON after the close
of tho civil war in
the Uiutc-d State
immigration, a 1 -ways
of no trvaa
proportions, in
creased rapidly.
It was then the
American public
first liegnn to hear
much of commun
ism, socialism and
anarchimn. In ltucJ
the maximum was
- A
revlv-l v.!i.-u T.fi.y.ti European landed in
tlipVriit4.-dStiit.-s. Immigration from Eng
land h.-ul iJc-.-IuikI au'l tiutt from Ireland
alien f., it njij-.iin'.irn; ,ut fmm southern
ieriimny t!a-re writ on imnvnws increatm,
while c-rt-it rn i.urojx.- wjut I'uli-s, lloUptuions,
llu-!.n, . X i i r t;--;i i.-iris and their cmgfmen f
tii f th-in mini. In many of these jicople
Imred of government had bocomo a herwli
tnty writ t : it. ( 'hieuo Ix-'-arne lieadrjiiar
1"r fl)r tV- (I ''f)'it--n!-d, nnd Tho Arr-itr
iton;, ('Vtil.. -s' Jimiim!) their organ. Then
Kru.i up i.i that city tho International
Vorkin-.:mr'i'.i i,'-wi.itiun. Tho platform or
d y;ljir;ti.ioii of pmieiplei of tkisorganization,
i ;n t.-iii:' i to t ttin trial, urged that
.ie j,r-.-it - -i.-.v
., 1 I . !',-.
-i in ii'i'ler wluili iro rty U
. i. iu.'i!.-i k'louM I destrojeil,
e il wliii-h Iuik tK'ii productvl
I I" transformed into com
' Tl t- ;isfiei.ition wan divi
ic;i' of whieli there were
'li'.M St.-its in March, lh.5,
n:'.'.y i.i tho cities of industry.
nntl th.it i.'l
ui iti (i! -; i ;
I'll !::' "";
fi -rht.v in i.i.
r "
' I L I 1-
l ! . I'll
1 II-'
s ok Ti'i: homb titrdwixo.
Tho l ic.io jotnijM w(n 1 nowa as tho
North Si .' , t:M .'-n-thwest Sid", the Ameri
can, the K:.i l M irx, the l'reilieit, the South
west Si -!-.- mid ,I"!rero 'o. 1. Schwib,
NlvU-? fti.d I.!';i;;:- hi !!! -;ed to t!:o North Sido
"j-rf.up," Y.A-.-t 1 iT.-l l-',-eIicrtoth: Northwest
fide, mid S;ici, I'.ir-'ens nnd Fielden to tho
Amefii-au. Tlifii ioisii!i mi nrmeil sociol
isti orjcnntrnt i'a!i-il the 1 h.r nnd W'ehr
'(rei'i, ho tncinti'.-ri seetu to have also
l u lnenilit-ia i f tho Internal ion.il ' roiij,"
but, to have (x'eri of a higher rank.
Tho hniii' ij of the Internntioual ATorking
mt'U'a a:.H.x ial.i'..n which csLsteil in Chicago
during nnd u; to M iy 4, lHMi, wnsacom
in''f, well di-ieif-liued orpiiiiz.-ition. At the
head of it wj" u general or central commit
tee. Next to it came the Lelur und Vehr
Vcrein. Then ci me tlio "armed uut-tions" of
the various "roui'S," and then came tho un
armed member of tho 'group"
JUST DErORE THE TRAGEDY.
The evolution cf tho trnyly was curiously
rejcnl.ir.
Hrf, ns leen shown, the men taught
rudictJ Soi iulim. Nust, they organiztxl dis
contented wi:-kiiimen to net more efficiently
inttrikc. The lu ual trouble arose: "scabs"
took th I'U'-o of striking workmen, they
were nttaeke. by the Btrikers, tho police were
called on for protection ami tho inevitable
question wns pTwntod shall wo fight? Tho
Anarchi ,t.s, i:i spocch and in Tho Arbeitor
Zoitun;?, vehemently nrged dostructive
Tni-ftsT-.-fl. They eThortel tho strikers to
lilit Ixitli the "scabs" and the polico, gave
minutv instructions how to uaeiiitro-glycerine
ml maniiTiictiiro Ixmilw, and had "armed
wctums" of their mipporters who drilled
uiglitly and weru inirtrucU-'l in the use of
!iul.
At length if vran Ixihlly announced that the
AnnrchUts l:nd 5,0(H armed and well drilled
revolutionists in t'hieagn .and it was proved
that they really hail 3,000 at this time, as was
KWorn to during the trial. Tho Arbeitor 55oi-
uin'i nr.d The Alarm published many such
sentiments as these:
Daitirr on 1 revolvers art easily to be (rotten;
haiMi irre nA' Un rjf cheaply to be produced.
Will the workinjTinea supply themwlvea with
venpnH, eynnmite and prutwie ai-id
Tho v, . iri.iie-:nen oiiKht to take aim at every
tnenwer nf t lie uiuituk.
And while tho v.Titcrs acted with what
th y jirub.-tMy considered caution, the speak-
crs used language
.' ',1- " matory character.
i -'jzv-jw? Still, though one of
V vjj-' tho tlucago jMijiers
ous trouble, the
meetings were cot
suppressed. But
F r c d e riek Eber-
sold, sui lerintt'tid.-
-.- eut, and John &n-
field, inspector of
police, were well
(i-fu T KOetil'-ix.f the discontent
-4 i u r
ail J made the most
laTio'at.i pr.-p:imtions
when is should wine.
to meet the outbreak
C' ; t. J.):u ror.'r.-'.!. who assumed the respou
r'!i..r y ont'.e n;'; i f the trapeJy, as on the day
of tin j rvri.itt ri'.t. v-is bom in 1S-T6 in New
lii uiif i.-iu i fat x-f Unua; a Cotiuty Clare Irish-
naa la'.-'t a-. iv-.i m tiat iciivimv. In 114 th
faif.t.f r-'ie I to Ct-.Vn-,-., wticre join learced
th.'t-nft'-i.f a n.i'-h'n-.-t f.v-.l u'terwan! became
lv.Viuo!.ve -i;-.Jb. vr. In l.f.7 IwUecauiea police-
:; aau i sc ra;u!y m rank.
H.-iH-ratUiKleiit oi Telirs- Freiterivk J. Ebersold
boru iu l:.-vai la iu i; . ;i, omijrmUil to Illinois
in enlittsl in
tho Twelfth, liliuoi
at the outbreak cf
the war, and served
till tho last Confed
erate had I.U i down
hii an: is. He went in
an a corporal and
came out a captain.
Jair 8, 1PG7, he wa
lirsl enrolled as a po
Uoeinan, nnd in Oc
tober, 1SK bo was at
the head cf the force.
In the army he was
10) days under fire
in battle or skirmish.
7X ,S
. Ih -agitation growiDg out of tlie attempt
to eiiforeo the tight hour law led ilirectly to
tho tragedy. , Ai early n May, l4,the or
pnnizcxl workingnK'n of Chicago gave notice
that on the lt of ilay, they would In
sist upon tho general observance of the law.
It ii not necessary to detail the numerous
rtri!;es and occasional riots of the following
t wo yeai-3 In various sections of the country;
suffice it, that each one was eagerly seized
Ciont If the anarcJitEts as fresh proof, that
cajatstij v.- crushing labor. ; 4 ; ;.. 1 , ;
Uii April IKISSS, tho now board of trade
building wns formally opened; there was a
somewhat riotous popular demonstration
against it, and Fielden and Parsons addressed
the assemblage "In language more inflamma
tory than ever before. In July, 13, there
was a geueral strike of streetcar employes.
Ono not was excited which was only
jTT T;' 1 r e lie yvv
,V i V r
f V
1 1 - 1 ; 1 - v r -i-
j,i ' ...
f - 1 - H if
R V : I (
rnifiprwur d by the police with great tlifflctfRy.
In February, 1S, the workmen at the Mo-Cormii-k
factory struck, and Ftokerton's
men were emjJoyed to defend the property,
and there was a riot On May 1, 1SM8, tho
workingmcn of Chicago, with few excep
tions, carried out their plan of a general
strike for an eight hour day. The strike was
well managed and partially successful On
May 3 August Spies delivered a fierce philip
pic against the non-onion men still employed
at the McCormk-k works, and there was an
encounter between the "scabs" and polios on
one side and the strikers on the other. A
short and terrible fight occurred; several
men were killed and many more wounded in
various degrees. From the battle ground
August Spits hurriod to the office of The
Arbeiter Zitung, wrote and had printed and
difitribuu-d tho noted revenge circular.
On Slav 4 there was rioting nearly all day
on Blue Island avenue, near tho ilc-Cormick
work. Tiiei First regiment was ordered to
be in readiMKi at its armory end the entire
polico force was kept in instant readiness.
The Arbeitor Zeitung of that morning urged
destructive action, and the Anarchists were
busy among the strikers all day. Thousands
of copies of the following notice were scat-
tered through the city:
ATTE.TI0X, WOBKIXOMBS!
Great mass ineetine to-night at 7:30 o'clock at
the Haymarket, ltandolph street, between Des
plaines and Halstead. Good speakers will be
present to denounce the latest atrocious acts of
the police the shooting of our fellow workmen
yesterday afternoon. UTorluniiniea, arm your
selves and appear in full force '
THIS LXECCTlVl COHXTCTZS.
DESPLAINE3 STREET BTATION BRISGISQ IH
TUJE WOUNDED.
Tho word "Rnhe" (German for "Peace-
allejrexl to havo lec!i agreed upon as tho sig
nal for immediate revolution, also appeared
in that number of the paper.
THE FATEFUL NIGHT.
On tho evening of May 4 about 2,000 people
assembl'vL The managers placed tho wagon
on which the speakers were to Etand a little
way up Dosplainos street from tho Hay
market, by the mouth of a convenient alley,
and at a point where they could have a full
view of the police as the latter advanced
from their Desplaines Street station. Mayor
Carter Harrison was in the crowd and ex
pressed some surprise at the mildness of the
tirst sjieakers, Spies and Parsons. The crowd
was disappointed, too, and was fast melting
away, when Fielden took his stand in the
wagon. His most intimate English friends
could not have recognized the mild Metho
dist cxhorter and laborer of Other days. His
frenzied declamation excited what remained
of tho crowd, and their applause reacted on
him. It was testified at the trial that ho
called for immediate action in these words
Arm ! Arm ! Tnrottle aniikill the law 1
Then Insimctnr Bonileld decided to disperse
the meeting. Seven companies of policemen,
175 men, in platoons reaching from curb to
curb, marched from their station of Des-
pUiinefi tstreet north to the wagon. As they
drew near, I lelden is sworn to havo shouted
"Here come tho bloodhounds; you do your
duty and 1 11 do mine!
Cnpt Ward, of the police, called out:
"In the namo of the people of the state of
Illinois I command you to peaceably dis
perse:"
Fielden stepped down from the wagon ex
claiming:
"We are peaceable!"
It was claimed by the prosecution that tho
word "ieaeeable' was the signal agreed on.
There was dead silence fof perhaps ten
seconds, the crowd slowly moving oil and
the polico standing firm, when a strange
fizzing sound was heard near the mouth of
the aliey'und thence a little ball rose in curve
over the wagon and fell between tho second
and third companies of police. There was a
blinding flash, an explosion that was heard
POUCK VICTIMS.
two miles and a deep prolonged roar, echoing
from tho buildings then appalling screams
and a volley of pistol shots. The smoke
lifted, and the ground appeared covered with
slain but only for an instant. Two whole
companies of police had been thrown to the
ground, of whom one, Matthias J. Degan,
was instantly killed, six mortally wounded
and sixty others hurt in various degrees.
But the police rallied at once and with the
firmness and steadiness of veterans, they
sprang forward, emptying their revolvers
Into tho flying crowd as they went, and fol
lowing their shots with their clubs they
cleared tho street in less than three minutes
of all save the dead and wounded. From
alley, gutter and hallway came deep groans
and curses.
Id is estimated that twenty of the crowd
were killed and about 150 wounded. An An
archist named Kistler was killed by the
bomb. Besides Officer Degan, killed outright,
the policemen who died of their wounds were
J. J. Barrett, George Miller, Timothy Flani-
han, Michael Shechan, Thomas Reddin and
Neil Hansen. After the dispersion of tho
mob came the saddest scenes of the occasion.
The dead and wounded policemen were rap
idly conveyed to the station, the latter made
as comfortable as possible and surgeons
called; but not before their wives and near
relatives hurried there, for bad news flies
fast. 1 he tears of some, the sobs and loud
cries of others, the groans, the gashes, the
blood and mangled bodies all these formed
a scone to wring the hearts of the pitiful.
Within a few weeks Chicago had contributed
$70,000 for the care of the wounded police
and the relief of their families and those of
the dead.
The bomb used is said to have been of the
same pattern used to kill the cxar of Russia,
and is very well shown in the initial letter
cut of this account It was made of com po
sition metal cups fastened together nearly in
the form of a sphere with a bolt and nuC
ARREST TRIAL CONVICTION.
On tho day after the tragedy tho police de
scended on every known Anarchist resort in
Chicago and arrested every suspected man;
oeioro morning many had been dragged from
their beds. Every one in The Arbeitor
Zeitung office was arrested: August Spies,
editor in chief; Christ Spies, his brother;
Michael Schwab, associate editor; Mrs. Eliz
abeth May Holmes, editorial contributor;
eighteen printers, two reporters and two
messengers. Rudolph Schnaubelt, who, it
was arter waro
claimed, threw the
bomb, was among
those arrested, but
the evidence
against him was
not deemed suffi
cient to hold him
and he was ra
ised. He imme
diately left Ameri
ca and is now sup
posed to be in Ger
many. Adolph
Fischer was one of
l. .--.A I .
bis person when rt- tOivT.i
rested were found p 'J
a 44-caliber revolver and peculiar, knife
made from a flat file. All were released af
ter the inquest except Schwab, Fischer and
August bpies. The condemned and some
others were held without bail. May 17, the
grand jury met and listened to a charge by
the late Judge Rogers; on the 137th they
banded in indictments against the men since
condemned and Anton Hirschburger and
Jonn Apel besides. On making up his case
the prosecutor nollied the indictments
against the last two, the evidence being in
sufficient. On the 21st of June the trial be
gan before Judge Gary.. Three weeks and
three days were consumed in making up a
jury; 1,281 talesmen were examined, both
sides exhausting every power the law gave
them, rue names of the Jury were as fol
lows: Frank S. Osborne, foreman; James H. Cole,
Scott O. Randall, Theodora EL Deokcr, Charles B.
Todd, Andrew Hamilton, Charles A. Ludwiu,
James H. Brayton, Alanaoa H. Reed, John B.
Greater, George W. Adams, Howard T. Sanford.
The trial lasted from July IS to Aug. 20 In
elusive and attracted the attention of the
civilized world scarcely more by the impor
tance of. the issues than by the abilities of
the counsel. , On behalf of the state appeared
Crates Attorney Julius 8. Crinnell, assisted
ly lZ?vn. Frank walker, kdlmind Furth-
n aei UvO"o u. ingnam; ior tne accused,
C t. w. F, Uack, Moses Salomon, w. A.
U T -l r-rauai Zcf-ler. The Jury
THE TIUAU
retired at 3:30 p. m., and at 10 a. m. next
day, Aug. 20, returned a verdict of guilty
against all the defendants, with a sentence of
fifteen years in the penitentiary for Oscar
Neebe, and death for the other seven.
The trial began and ended with sensations.
On the first day A. R. Parsons, who had
escaped and been in hiding, walked into th
courtroom, announced Lis voluntary sur
render and took his place in the dock witl
his friends. At the close, when asked by the
court if they had aught to say why sentence
of death should not be pronounced, they all
made long addresses, those of Parsons and
Fielden being the best. That of Spies con
sisted of pleading and defiance, reasoning on
liberty and quotations from Scripture. In
the course of his remarks he spoka of Christ
as a Socialist. Schwab and Neebe gave ar
guments against tho regularity of the trial.
Fielden excited some astonishment by say
ing: "The great Socialist, Jesus Chrtrt, said
1,'JOO years ago: 'Better that ninety-nine
guilty men should go unpunished than that
one innocent man should suffer.'" Judge
Gary then sentenced the seven men to be
hanged.
APPEALS TO HIGHER COURTS.
The usual application for a new trial was
filed and the entire method of the trial re
argued for several days. Tho application be
ing refused, aa appeal was taken to tho
supreme court of Illinois, and once more the
whole case was thoroughly argued. It is
needless to detail the legal steps; suffice it
that so much time was consumed that the
case did not reach the supreme court till
March 17, 1SS7. Then Messrs. Grinnell,
Walker, Ingham and Attorney General
Hunt, for tho state, and Messrs. Black, Salo
mon, Zeisler and Leonard Swett, for the de
fense, discuEHed the issues as to whether the
court below had erred, whether the Anar
chists had been legally condemned to death
for mere conspiracy, whether the jury was
properly constituted and many others.
The weight of argument before the
supremo court turned upon the proper con-
r7
7
- 7'
BrPREMB COURT ILLINOIS.
struction of the two sections in the revised
statutes of Illinois (chapter 38, div. 2, sections
3 and 8), which abolish tho previous distinc
tion between principal and accessory, and
provide that any ono who, "not being pres
sent, hath advised, encouraged, aided or
abetted, shall be considered as
principal and may be punished as
such, whether the principal is convicted or
not." On tho 14th of September tho court
rendered an opinion, which fills twenty-one
closely printed columns, and is an exhaustive
exposition of tho law, fully confirming the
decision of the court below. And so the pris
oners were sentenced to be hanged on the
11th of November, 1887. Another hope re
mained. Gen. Roger A. Fryor, Gen. Benja
min F. Butler and Hon. Randolph Tucker were
employed as experts in constitutional law.
and an appeal mado to the supreme court of
the United States, the chief allegation being
that tho accused had not been tried by an
"impartial jury," as required by the national
constitution. The revised statutes of Illinois
permit the choice of a juryman who has
formed an opinion from reading newspaper
accounts of the case, provided he makes oath
that his opinion is cot such as could not be
overthrown by evidence. The question of
the taking of a letter without warrant from
Spies' desk was also brought up.
The supreme court of the United States
rendered its decision on the 2d of November,
holding, in brief, that the jury law of Illinois
does not contravene any provision of the na
tional constitution, and that the question as
to whether the state constitution and laws
had been strictly observed was one for the
state courts alone The court confined itself
very strictly to the case before it, entering
into the general questions raised only so far
as absolutely necessary. But two points,
therefore, were passed upon in regard to the
amendments. The court held that tho first
ten amendments limit the powers of the Fed
eral government, not the powers of a state
over its citizens; and that tho Fourteenth
amendment has not changed the rule in that
respect. In all other matters the court holds
PROSEcrnso attorneys.
that it has no jurisdiction, as the questions
as to violating the national constitution were
not raised or argued m the Illinois court.
Therefore, a writ of error could not issue.
Of the various appeals and petitions and
meetings protesting against the execution cf
the Anarchists we have not room to speak at
length. Spies and
Parsons have writ
ten autobiog
raphies, and the
condemned men,
their families and
Miss Nina Van
Zandt, who mar
ried Spies by
proxy. Lave been
the objects of gen
eral attention
since the tragedy.
tons, who has "V
worked so hard lfiJf ffrAiVCs i
for her husband's e-u.-V-: lnl30V
life, has become foJiTy
in many cities by reason of her speeches in
his behalf. Mrs. Schnaubelt, mother of the
alleged bomb thrower, and Mrs. Schwab, her
daughter, were recently brought Into special
prominence by reason of the elder lady s visit
to America and the rumor that she bad
brought with her a full statement of the
tacts in the case from her son. Spies, Fielden
and Schwab finally signed petitions for
commutation. All these things can only
be alluded to here. Among other cats we
give a portrait of Sheriff Mataon, of Cook
county, Da., who, by virtue of bis office, has
charge of all executions in Chicago.
THE CONDEMNED MEN.
Brief biographical sketches of the con
demned are here given :
August Theodore Vincent Spies (pronounced
Specs) ta credited with being the braise of the
movement. He has (riven his experience iu as
autobiography which is regarded as the work of
a genius by his friends, and as "eloquent insanity
in print" by those who are -opposed to him. He
was bora Dec. 10, 18M. in the "old robbers' castle
COCSSXL rOR DEFTXKE.
of Landeek," central Germany; one of his early
playthings eras aaold torture rack with which
the nobles used to extort money from Jews tr
"regulate" the peasants, and js favorite haunt
In childhood was on the edge of a deep cbriara
into which the robber barons used to throw "the
pretty girls of the village whom ther bad kid
iff Jrt
Absolutely Pure.
teength and wbolemmeaen. More economical
.ui. uvwuci Bed ai m, m mwiei vi puniTt
i naa tne ordinary kinda, and cannot be sold la
com petition with the multitude of low teat, short
weight, lum or phosphate powders. Sold only
cms. KOTit, Eakxvs Powdkx Co.. 106 Wail St,
" . I . api 13, B7-4BX.
Tarns Supplied bt T3. Lxxlt A Bbo.
naped and ot wnom tney naa urea, mere no
grew up, and thence he came to America to teach
the Anarchistic doctrine, reaching the new world
in 1STS mad Chicago a year later. There he
worked as an upholsterer for a number of years.
He first showed an interest in the theories of
(Socialism tn 1S75. and in 1877 joined himself to the
Lehr und Wehr-Vereln. He was attached to The
Arbeiter Zeitua? in 1880 and succeeded Paul
Grottkau as editor in chief in 1884. Everybody
remembers the attachment that sprung up be
tween him and Miss Nina Van Zandt during the
trial, and which resulted in their marriage "by
proxy."
Samuel Fielden was born in Todmorden, Lan
cashire, England, in 1847. He grew up to be a
laborer and a Methodist field preacher. In 1863
he came to America, and soon located in Chicago,
where he joined the Liberal league in 1S80; there
he met Spies and Parsons, and thereafter grew
rapidly into anarchial views. Save him and Par
sons, all the condemned are Germans.
Albert E. Parsons is the only native American
among the condemned men. Born in Alabama
in 1S4S and early left an orphan, he was reared
by his brother, who was afterwards the noted
Confederate general, W. H. Parsons. He served
in the Confederate artillery when but 14 years
old; but after the war he became a Repub
lican, and in 1873 married a woman "suspected
of having negro blood in her veins," for which
his brother disowned him. Before this he had
been first a printer on The Galveston (Tex.) News
and late editor of The Waco (Tex) Spectator.
Because of this marriage he was obligee to leave
Texas, and locating in Chicago he worked in
various printing offices, but after a time became
a professional labor agitator; was at one time
master workman of District Assembly SI, Knights
of Labor, and was president of the trades as
sembly for three years. Ho was nominated for
the presidency by the Socialistic party in 1380, but
declined, as he was not then 35 years of age. In
1883, at Pittsburg, he helped frame the platform
of the International Working People's associa
tion. He was named for city clerk of Chicago by
the Socialists in 1888, and became editor of The
Alarm, the organ of the "American Group," a
year later.
PARSONS.
EXGEL.
FISCHER.
LINGKJ.
SCHWAB.
SPIES.
FTELDES.
Louis Lingg, who la convicted of having
made the bombs, is but 3 years old and cannot
speak English. He is said to have been expelled
from Germany, where he was born, for con
spiracy. Michael Schwab Is a native of Manheim, Ger
many, was born in 1SS1 and was educated in a
convent. Coming to America in 1879, he worked
for a time at the book binders' trade. He became
connected with The Arbeiter Zeitung at the same
tinie as Spies.
George Engel was born In Cassel, Germany, in
183G, received a common school education, learned
the printers' trade and came to America in 1873.
K year later he located in Chicago, where he soon
embraced Socialism and became an Anarchist.
He established the "Northwest Group" in 1883.
Adolph Fischer is about 30 years of age and is a
German. He came to America when a lad and
learned tho printers' trade with his brother, who
published a German weekly at Nashville, Tenn.
Lafer Adolph edited and published The Little
Rock (Ark.) Staats Zeitung, which he sold in 1881.
Then he worked at his trade in St. Louis and Chi
cago. Ho sometimes accused Spies and Schwab
of being too mild, and at one time established
Der Anarchist, a paper intended to supplant The
Arbeiter Zeitung.
Oscar Neebe, who received a sentence of fifteen
years in the state prison, is also a middle aged
German.
THE ANARCHISTS' SIDE.
Perhaps the best possible summary of the
Anarchists' defense of their action and their
belief is found in the letters addressed by the
condemned to Governor Oglesby, of Illinois,
extracts from which are given:
FISCHER'S LETTER.
Coos. Cocstv Jirt, Chicago, Nov. 1, 1887.
To Mr. R. J. Oglesby, Governor of the fctate of
Illinois:
Dear Sra I am aware that petitions are being
circulated and signed by the genera public ask
ing you to commute the sentence ot death which
was inflicted upon me by a criminal court of this
state. Anent this action of a sympathizing and
well meaning portion of toe people, I solemnly
declare that it has not my sanction. As a man of
honor, as a man of conscience and as a man of
principle. I cannot accept mercy. I am not guilty
of the charge in the indictment of murder. I
am no murderer, and cannot apologize for an ac
tion of which I know I am innocent. And should
I ask "mercy" on account of my principles, which
I honestly believe to be true and noble? No. I
am no hypocrite, and have, therefore, no excuses
to offer with regard to being an Anarchist, be
cause the experiences of the past eighteen months
have only strengthened my convictions. The
question is. Am I responsible for the death of the
policemen at the Haymarket? and I say no, un
less you assert that every Abolitionist could have
been held responsible for the deeds of John
Brown.
History repeats itself. As the powers that be
have at all times thought that they could stem
the progressive tide by exterminating a few
"kickers," so do the ruling class of today imagine
that they can put a stop to the movement of
labor emancipation by hanging a few of its advo
cates. Progress in its victorious march has had
to overcome many obstacles which seemed in
vincible, and . many of its apostles have died
the death of martyrs. The obstacles which bar
the road of progress today seem to be invincible,
too, but they will be overcome nevertheless.
At all times when the condition of society has
become such that a large portion of the people
complained of the existing injustice, the ruling
classes have denied the truth of these complaints,
but have said that the discontent of the portion
of the people in question was due only to the
pernicious inflaeuoe" of "malicious agitators."
Today, again, some people assert that the "d d
agitators" are the cause of the immense dissatii
faction among the working people.
Oh, you people who speak thus, can you not, oi
will you not read the signs of the times? Do yoq
not see that the clouds on the social firmament
are UiickeninKt Are you not, for instance, awaro
that th-' control of industry and of the means of
transportation, etc., constantly concentrating
in fewer hands: that the mononolists. I. e.. tiw
VITIATD BLOOD
Nrrofaloas Inherited a td Con
tagious Humors Cured by
Csiticarau
Ti
iHROUGHTHE MEDIUM OF ONE OF YCB
books received thmueh Mr. Frank T. Wm.
Drorarist, Apollo. Pa.. I became aesuainted with
your i'CTicca Rbhkdiks. and take this opportu
nity to wstuy to yon tnat weir use Has permanent
lv cored me of one i.f the worst cas of blood oois-
otiiot. tn connection with rvsinelaa. that I have
ever Men, ana mis Biter naving been pronounced
tkmiWlV VJ NUIV V. UN . UUTHUIIM IU OUT
eountv. I take great pleasure in torVrardins to von
this testimonial, unsolicited as it is by you, in or-
tier uuu oiucto uuciiu uuw similar usiauies
may be encouraged to give your Cvticcha Kuu-
mas atnai.. r. a. wtuiustiui,
Leechborg, Pa.
Reference : F&ask T. Writ, Druggist, Apollo, Pa
SI KOFILOIS I'LCERS.
James E. Richardson, Custom House, Kew Or
leans, on eath says: "In 1870 Scrofulous Ulcers
kml. ah t Ant An maw hodr n nil I T wm a tna a!
corruption Everything known w the medical fa
culty was tried in vain. I became a mere wreck.
At times I could not lift my hands to my head,
could not tarn in bed; was in constant pain, and
looked opon life as a curse. Ke relief or care in tea
years. In lsae 1 heard ot the LUTiccea Kakk
oiss, need toem, and was perfectly cured.
Sworn to before U. S. Coca. J. D. Cbawtosd.
OME OF THE WORST CASES.
Vt have been selling tout CmccaA IChkdixs
(nr rnn. and have first complaint vet to receive
from a pnrchassr. One of the worse cases ef Srofula
I ho saw was eared bv the use of five bottles f
Coticcjia Rksolvksi, Ccticcsa, snd Ccticcsa
eoAF. The Soap takes the "cake" here as a medi-
inalsoap. miuiss uiwit
x -: x.' I Druggists, f rankJort, Ky,
SCBOFrLOl'S, I1HEBITED,
And fontazioua Humors, with Loss of Hair, and
Krapuoae ot tr.e fKin, are posiuveiy eoiea yto-
T ice A ajfta umctu ovaf exienuuiy, ua v i. Ti
er AA liKSOLVKMT internally, when all ether soedi
eines faiL
Bold every where. Price: Crncrai, 50 cents;
CrTlctKA Soar, 25eents; Ccticuka Kksolye.ht,
f 1.00. Prepared by Pottsji JJaua ash Chajucac
Co., Boston, Mass. .
V-Sswn fob "How to eras Skis Diseases."
64 paces, SOUlasamtkna, aad 109 testimoaiala. -
rn
PLfcS, black-heads, chapped and oily skin
preveotea oy wticuaa aivkuu nur.
r
UTERINE PAINS
J Aad Weakaess imtaat'y relieved by the
. Cuttcurst Amit-PaUsa flaev
j ter, a Perfect Antidote to Faia, lo
i aammatioB and Weakness. A aev, in
oaJ and tnlahble pain killing plaster, 23c
wiw among toe caostaiiste. gwsbow the ntt!e
ones among them: that "trusts," "pools.'' and
other combinations are being formed in order to
more thoroughlv and systematically fleece the
people: that under the present system the de
velopment of technic and machinery is from year
to year throwing more workmen on the wavside;
that in some parts of this great and ferule land a
majority of the farmers are obliged to mortgage
their homes in order to satisfy the greed of mon
strous corporations: that, in short, the rich are
constantly growing richer and the poor poorer.
Yes. and do you not comprehend that ail these
evils find their origin in the present institution of
society which allows one portion of the human
race to build fortunes upon the misfortunes of
others to enslave their fellow men?
Instead of trying to remedy these evils, and in
stead of ascertaining just what the cause of the
widening dissatisfaction is, the ruling classes,
through their mouthpieces press, pulpit, etc
defame and misrepresent the character, teach
ings and motives of the advocates of social recon
struction, and use the rifle and the ciub on them,
and, if the opportunity is favorable, send them to
the gallows and prisons. Will tins do any good?
As an answer 1 mav as we-i quote the following
words with which "Benjamin Franklin closed his
satirical essay, "Rules for Reducing a Great Em
pire to a Small One." which he dedicated to the
English government in 1776: "Suppose all their
(the "kickers') complaints to be invented and pro
moted by a few factious demagogues, whom if
you could catch and hang all would be quiet.
Catch and hang a few accordingly and the blood
of the martyrs shall work miracles in favor of
your purpose ' (i. e,, your own ruin).
y IJi! I
INTERIOR OF THE JAIL.
So I say society mav hang a number of disci
ples of progress who have disinterestedly served
the cause of the sons of toil, which is the cause
of humanity, but their blood will work miracles
in bringing about the downfall of modern society
and in hastening tne turta oi a new era ol civili
sation.
Magna est Veritas et prevalebet.
Adolph Fischer.
LOCIS LXNGG'S LETTER.
To Mr. R. J. Oelesbv. Governor of Illinois:
Anent the fact that the progressive and liberty
loving portion of the American people are en
deavoring to prevail upon you to interpose your
prerogative in my case. I feel Impelled to de
clare, witn mv friend aad comrade Parsons, that
I demand either liberty or death. If you ara
reallv a servant of the tjeople according to the
constitution of tho country, then you will, by
vinut. ui your omuw, uuuouuiiionany n-iease me,
Referrinir to the treneral and inalienable nht
of men, I have called upon the disinherited and
oppresssd masses to oppose the force of their op
pressors exercised by armed enforcement of in
famous laws, enacrea in tne interest or caoital-
with force, in onler to attain a ditrnifled and
manly existence by securing the full returns of
their labor. This and only this is the crime
which was proven against me, notwithstanding
the employment of perjured testimony on th
part of the state. And this crime is guaranteed
not only as a ngnt, Dut as a duty, bv the Ameri
can constitution, the representative of which you
rf" i.irii(.r-i rn i - mm- wmr in Illinois,
t:
SELECTED SHORE
mnriw
I 1 If"
'Hi
CHEAPEST EATING ONEARTHI
lKAPlk P TAKE NO 0THE3 BRAND.
Z&AS& FISH CU BX. iUU W.
july6,'87..ly.
MEDICAL:
GaM 15 Poiils.
I have been st srreat sufferer from
Torpid Liver and Dyspepsia. Every
thing; I ate disagreed witb me Oil til I
Began taking
p ..ii nvn
sin s tins
X can now digest any kind of food:
never have a headache, and have gain'
ed fifteen nonnds In weicht."
W. V. &CHILTZ, Colombia, S. C.
SOLD EVERYWHERE.
'-
team Bata,ATARBH
0oAt;aivjN.I
CLEANSES THE
HEAD. ALLAYS
INFLAMMATION.
HEALS THI SORES
RESTORES THE
SENSES OF TASTE,
SMELL, HEARING.
A QUICK RELIEF.
A POSITIVE CURE.
m a- - ij
iij(fciknjF
HAY-FEVER
A particle is applied into each nostril, is agree
able. Price so cents at druggists; by mail, regis
terred, 60 cents. ELY BKuS., New York Office
235 Greenwich Street.
HA.Y FEVER
is an inflamed condition of the lining membrane of
the nostrils, tear ducts and throat, attecting the
lungs. An acrid mucus is secreted, the discharge
is accompanied with a burning sensation. There
are severs spasms of sneezing, frequent attacks
ot neaaacne. watery and mnamed eyes. .ly
Cream Balm is a remedy that can be depended
upon io relieve at once ana cure.
WILDER'S
WESTERN
CIIILLTlllG
PURELY VEGETABLE.'
The only Remedy Positively Guaranteed
to CURE CHILLS A FEVER or MALARIA
in any of its forms. The Pruejrlst who sells it
Aezunos tne money wnen it x alia.
TESTTWONIALS VOUrtiTAELLtY BEST.
Rim Lxr, Mrss., Oct. 1, 1886. Gents s I hum bera
sailing etra 1'onio over a rear, and insars it to
oar in evsry r&.-e, snd have never heard of single
Instance inwhich it failed to core. J. B. Dunlap.
Hocstow, Miss.. Deo. 4. put. Own ts : Osn I eeem-s-
inm ageacr i or roar estern ctuu Tonic for this
place" I have sold several dozen botilea, and find
it sffeeta more cares and gives better satisfaction.
umb aor emu nsieai a ever used. nr . . im
For Sals by ALL DEALERS, $L 00 per Bottle.
Prepared by J. B. WILDER A CO..
LOUISVILLE. KENTUCKY
sepl4,'87iSw.
Tne best and surest Remedy for Care of
all diseases earned by any derangement of
the Liver, Kidneys, Stomach and Bowels.
Dyspepsia, Sick Headache, Constipation,
Bilious Complaints and Halaria of all kinds
yield readily to the beaefleent Influence of
It la pleasant to the taste, fanes ap toe
system, restores aad preserves aealta.
It la purely Vegetable, and cannot fail to
prora keaefleiat, beta ta old aad yoaag.
As a Blood Pariflcr it Is saperior to all
others. Sold ererywaere at fl-00 a bottle.
FOTTT Z S
HORSE AMD CATTLE POWDERS
Bo Hoasa wm die of couo. Bora or Ltm Fa.
tf Fontf Powders are wed in time.
over r omen will ran and prevent Boa caotxBar
Footsw Powaem Will nnront Gama tw Iavu
Footil Powders will increase the quantity of milk
aad ere tweaty per cent, and aaaka the boner Arm
aad sweet.
Fownrs foment wm eere or wrrrent almost zvuT
InnAB to whirs Humes and Catteare satitoc.
rocTz-s rowmu iu em hATiar actios.
aoid sverjrwL-era.
9AYIO X. TOXrVt. rropriete.
aALTXMOJLal JCO.
For sale by Byron Lcmly, Jncksea, r;'
PIT
m
i. m m
oat ix you are tsui tne representative ot fhe '
constitution, hie the great majority of office j
holders, a mere tool of the monopolists or a '
specific political clique, you will not encroach
upoa the thirst for blood displayed by the ex
tortioners, because a mere mitigation of the vr
diet would be cowardice and a proof that the
ruling classes which yon represent are them,
elves abashed at the monsuoity of my con
demnation, and, cocseouently, of their own vio
lation of the most sacred rights of tho people.
Your decision is that event will not only judge
me, but also yourself and those whom you repre
sent. Judge, then. Lotns Li go.
P. 8. In orer to be sure that this letter will
eome to your oSlcial notice. I wiil send you the
original msnuacr-.pt as a registered letter.
L.L,
GEORGE EXGEL'S LETTER.
Dear Sir L George Engel, citizen of the United
States and of Chicago, and condemned to death,
learn that thousands of citizens petition you, a
the highest executive officer of the state of Illi
nois, to commute- my sentence of death to im
prisonment. I protest emphatically against this
on the following grounds:
I am not aware of having violated anv laws of
this country. In my firm belief in the "constitu
tion, which the founders of this republic be
queathed to this people, and which remains un
altered, I have exercised the risht of free speech,
free press, free thought and free assemblage, as
guaranteed by the constitution, and have criti
cised the existing condition of society and suc
cored my fellow citizens with my adviee, whi'.'h I
regard as the riht of every honest citizen. The
experience which I have had in this country, dur
ing the fifteen years that I have lived here, con
cerning the ballot and the administration of our
public functionaries who have become totally cor
rupt, have eradicated my belief in theexisteuceof
equal rights of p or and rich, and the action of the
public officers, police and militia have produced
the firm belief in me tuat these conditions cannot
last long. In accordance with this exjierience I
have taught and advised. This I have done in
good f aim of tue rights which are guaranteed by
the constitution, and, not being conscious of my
guilt, the "powers that be'' may runnier me. but
they cannot legally punish me. I protest agaut
a commutation c-f my sentence, and demand
either liberty or death. 1 renounce any kind oi
mercy. Respectfully, Geobok ngL.
SPBES' DEFENSE.
The defense of August Spies may be found
in many sentences of his letters to 3Iiss Van
Zandt and others, and in his biography and
bis notable address to the court before sen
tence was pronounced. In tho latter he said,
among other things:
"Your honor, I speak as the representative of
one class to the representative of auot her. I will
begin with the words uttered by the Venetian
doe Falieri to the council of ten: 'Jly defense is
your accusation; the causes of mya.ieged crime
your history.' " A little Inter he says: "The con
templated murder of eight men, whoso only
crime is that taey have dared to ieak the truth,
may open the eyes of the suffering millions, may
wake tiiem up. Indeed. I have noticed that oui
conviction has worked miracles in this direct iu a
already."
'We hart Interpreted to the pwplp tbir con
d it ions and relations in society. U havo ex
plained to them the diftVnTit sucial plicnomfnaol
social law r and circuiwstantvs un lit uhicU
tht-y occur. We have, by way -f M'i- r.i Kic inves
titration, iocomrovertibiy i nveti p:itl lanurtit t.j
tiit'tr knov. lcdy;e that t!u system (f w.-.t-vat is thj
root of the social inr(iiiii' s inifj'Ti' it .x s mon
strous thut tfnv cry to ht-avrn. We l ave fnrtiii-T
said tliat t. i a Lr 'system, as a s;.t-t ::it. fwriift
B3Ciul It 'JMiH'iii would i.v t i- i; i':;i : y
.Tic cave t niiike room iur !.:rh- i" w I
ligation: tbat it was itn-i.-trtis t i.. - v .. i,r a
Vial fystom of cu-ujH-raUtin i;.;. l.-. -t .-.'il.
THE FINALE.
Spies, Parsous, Fischer and Engel were
hung on Friday morning last at 11:50
Ling had committed suicide by blowing
his head, off with a fuluimaled cap which
he had concealed in his cell ; and the sen
tences of Fielden and Schwab were comma
ted by Gov. Oglesby to imprisonment for
life. There was intense excitement, but no
disturbance, it being well understood that
the authorities were fully equal to any
emergency that might arwe.
The New Corn Ensilage.
The latest plan with ensilage is to cut
the entire corn crop stalks, ears and all
into the silo. The kernels of the corn
will bo wholly digested by the cattle, as it
does not dry out nor lose its milky charac
ter, which tpves it succulence for rapid di
gestion. A farmer who has made this
point one of special investigation so re
ports, and alarms that there is not a visi
ble trace of corn in the voulmgs.
Agricultural News.
The Hessian fly hits become a serious
pest in England and Scotland.
The Cape Cod craniierry crop la esti
mated at one-fourth less than last season's
product.
The onion fly has materially decreased
the or.ion yield in many sections.
Pron.r.ient railway officials in California
are dis ;is.-iig the subject of giving free
transportation across the continent to emi
grants who will settle in that state.
Statistician Dodge places Wisconsin
fourth ou the list of the best five spring
wheat states in the L mon.
Xew Jersey and Delaware tomato can-
ners report a short pack.
A scarcity cf farm hands has occasioned
exorbitant wages and great discomfort In
the wheat belt of northern Minnesota and
Dakotx
JACKS05.
G-XJLIiETT
v r :4?-f- A t- t '1 5 i
'I 1
r
Mr ' v
MAGNOLIA GINS. .
FESDESS AND COKEZXTSSSS I
A T WORLD'S EXPOSITION, NEW ORLEANS,
aTL highest award: Diploma aod Gold Medal for
Liifht Drsueht. Bst bauinle and Oeneral Utiiitv.
vsTList price reduced lrom $3.50 to ?S.Wt pt-r
saw.
Call and see me before buying. .
E. WATEISS, Sole Agent,
Asd Dkaleb is Hakdwabe, Beltino, Etc.,
2; 2 South State St., JACKSOS, JIIS?.
XEW OKLEAXS.
SAVE TlftlE
and purchase now
a RerWngton STANDARD
TypewiTr: can operated
at eight. Sfcind S6r a FREE
catalogue, ancrVmple book
of Fine Llnerpaers. Every
machine is sold ufMer full
GUARANTEE, It PAVS to
buythetSST.
HafRY H. HODGSON.
13 Carondelet SU SEW OKLEAKS-
MISCELLAXEOUS.
WASHING! OS, D. C.
La?, Clams. Lands. Pate&ts, Pensions
1. Tawbkll. A. A. WnrrsnET.
Att'y and Coun. at Law, Patents a especially
J. TABBELL & CO.,
eXJTIBJLL LAW and AGI5CT BTTBLVISS,
Amarieaa and Foretgn Patents.
WASHnSGTOH, 0. C.
U The attenttoa ef mr friendt to Misslssioni is
w spectrally eauea a u mm cam.
deeJiS.'sa-iF. s. issbeu.
PATENTS
Careate, Trademarks and Copyrights
Obtained, and all other business in the IT. S. Pat
ent office attended io tor muulkaiis t t.ta.
Oar office is opposite the V. 8. Patent Office, and
we can obtaia Patenu in less time than those re
mote from WASHINGTON.
Send MODEL OB DBA WING. We advise as to
Stmtabilitv free of ehaiye- and we make SO
iabge Unless we obtain patent.
We refer, here, to the Postmaster, the Superin
tendent of Honey Order Div., and to officials of toe
C S. Patent Office, for circular, advice, terms and
references ta actual clients In yoar m State or
County, write to C. A. SNOW A CO.,
uppoatta runt umce. n aauins-toa. v. u
liaeured at home with
-i II owt pain, boo cf pnr
I 1 , ,. ! tienhw snt lj.sV
B.HV-C iJ.I'Y.al.a
a t v .- 1 u-J ti.
XEDIL'AL.
E
CwlTSIJaTIISU CAS S3
STALL'S
BALSAM til
Cures Conchs, Cold Pr.eurnonia.pon
eumption, Sronchil DificnlueBron
chit&. Hoarseness, .Asthma, Croup,
Whooping Cough, Influenza, ana aa
Diseases of the Brsatiung Organa. It
soothes and heals the Membrane of
the Lungs, inaauied and poisoned dt
the disease, and prevents the night
Fweats and the tightness across the
chest xrhich accompany it. CON
SUitPTION' ts not an incarabie mah
ady. HALL'S BALSAM will cure
you, even thonga- professional aid
tails. Prlcei5rt.,0ct.nd1.OO.
P. E22T & CO., Sav Tori.
tWrite for lUtrminated Book.
For Sale by B- H Led better, Jackson, Miss.
CHIPiMAN'S PILLS!
-AE THE BFST-
A Positive Cure for Sick Headache,
MALARIA AND DYSPEPSIA.
All the pronrietor asks is a trial of these Pills.
v They will surely please you.
XO GKIFI.NG OK XALSEA CAUSED
SOLD BT
R. R. Lkebettsb and W. C Koosas, Jackson,
Miss. lmy- ei-'T
ROLLINS ACUE CUR
HEADACHE.
Nothing relieves a Headache so promptly as
Collins' Ague Cure. It cleanses the stom
ach, promotes action of the liver, and purines
the .blood, aiding yon to perfect ue&un.
MALARIAL, FEVER.
A few doses ot Collins' Acne Care will
quickly break up tiie worst case of Malarial
Fever. No other remedv possesses the power
of so completely eradicating Malaria from the
system. CHILLS and FEVER yield ut
once to its iullueuce, and the cure is permanent.
BILIOUS COLIC.
Immediate relief and a speedy cure for the
worst cases of Bilious Colic is found in the use
of Collins' Ague Core. As a radical cor
rective ol all BUious Disorders it has no equaL
DIARRHOEA or FLUX.
Flux. Diarrhoea, and all Summer Complaints
are completely checked and cured in a few
hours by Collins Alette tore, i" tv-
Boia everywhere uy an Dealers ai ou cva. a jjoiuo.
rAsk yenr Dealer for s Coov ef the COLLINS'
PRESENT CENTURY ALMANAC, or Addresa.
COLLINS BROS. DS'JC CO.. ST. LOUIS, MO.
8Cp2L's7..1y.
AO MRE EYE-GLASSES
No
Weak
More
- Sr Eyes
MITCHELL'S
EYE-SALVE
A Ccrlain, Safe and Effective Remedy for
SORE, WEAK INFLAMED EYES
Producing Long-sightedness, and Re
storing the Sight of the Old.
Cures Tear Drops, Granulation, Stye Tn
mors, Eed Eyes, Matted Eye Lashes,
AND PRODUCING QUICK RELIEF
AND PERMANENT CURE.
Also, equally efficacious when used in other
ma.AUies, sucn as v lcebs, t ever mikics, i cmoks,
Salt Khei m, Bi-bbs, Pilks, or wherever intlam-
matinn exists, MH'CIIElL s SALVE may be used
to advantage.
Sold by all DrtiKitlsts at as Cents
junl5.'87-ly.
Mexican
Mustang
Liniment
Sciatica,
Lumbago,
Bhenmatism,
Burns,
Scalds,
8tings,
Bites,
S raise,
B anions,
Corns,
Scratches,
Sprains,
Strains,
Stitches,
Stiff Joints,
Backache,
Galls,
Sores,
Spavin
Cracks.
Contracted
Muscles,
Ernntioni,
Hoof Ail,
Screw
Worms,
Swinney,
Saddle Galls,
Piles.
THIS COOO OLD STAND-BY
accomplishes for everybody exactly what Is claimed
for it. Oneof the reasons for the great popularity of
the Hostang Liniment Is found In Us universal
applicability. Everybody nseds such a medicine.
The Lumberman needs it in esse of accident.
The Housewife needs It for generalfamlly use.
Tbe Cannier needs It for his teams and bis men.
The Mechanic needs it always on his work
bench.
The Miner needs It In case of emergency.
The Pioneer needs it can't get along without It.
The Farmer needs it in his house, his stable.
and his stock yard.
The Steamboat man or the Boatman needs
It In liberal supply afloat and ashore.
The Horse-funcicr needs it It is his best
friend and safest reliance.
Tbe tocbgrower needs it It will save him
thousands of dollars and a world of trouble.
The Railroad man needs It and will need It so
long as his life Is a round of accidents and dangers.
The Backwoodsman needs it. There Is noth
lng like It as an antidote for the dangers to life.
limb and comfort which surround the pioneer.
The Merchant needs It about bis store among
his employees. Accidents will happen, and whea
these eome the Mustang Liniment Is wanted at once.
Keep a Bottle la the II o use. Tis ibe best of
economy.
Keep a Bottle ta the Factory. Iu Immediate
use in case ot accident saves pain and loss of wages.
Keep a Bottle Always la tbe Stable far
ase when wanted.
1an.2R.'7..lv.
ARBUCKLES'
name on a package of COFFEE is a
guarantee ol excellence-
ARIOSA
COFFEE Is kept in all first-class
stores from the Atlantic to the .Pacific.
COFFEE
is never good when exposed to the air.
Always buy this brand in hermetically
sealed. ONE FOUND lr AO iva.ur. o.
This paper is kept ea file at the afllee af
YERoSOH
DVERTISINq
GENTS
ESTIMATES Si.. FREE
ae.aiee.te a VCD 0. CflH'C H1KIII1
iwasar Hla.ll CB WW 11 StlMIIUM
PrFARMERS
Honorahle. TTw
rul llaiioaM All
m uuajuui IU AUU fltno bt CX. IjOCIS, Ma
IWAHT ACTfYE, ENfRCmCMOl
and wtm-n all ever the omintrT to
-etluies.iaBocKX oxkam n ashes.
wMdoss it pay to act asm v
a a Mil V IUw ilium thm ranmA&u
la lis lalur ara an Bnm.rana snd eonviDCin. th.c
s&lee are mad with litito dimrnlty. I wiil ship
a masneron vwowaasw trial, ol ii L-ri utrnu. to oo
returned at mr expense if not satisfactory. Attests)
Caathnstaetltfortheinaslvaa. Dontfalltowntafoe
Saras aad illwttrmtedeirvaiarwithootliaa of anr
m.ct. to be dmkI la --g alius Worth, sola
V Iran-., nv. AiOQls. Pi rt.
flu lilSI1
masiassiSSJl
, AiS asfllailimtlll ltm
aug.lO,F87-20t.
GOOD
W mmmTI WANTED to baadTetJ...
'tharst
iw.aml aMoner-aavlnfrwort.uUS
MUKbt ctUUH NB S i UL.R-UU'j I UR. '
13 Departments. 750 Enaravins. Bale sore aad fart.
SO laya time. S -D.TBoitrsos Pca-Oo, bkLeoiaJao
T7TTXT.TT LOT7E.
MEROHAIIT TAILOR.
CAPITUL STREET, JACKS0S, MISS.
FULL LINE OF BROADCLOTHS, CA88I
mens. Gents' Furnishing Goods, of best anaii.
tyjalwayaea band. BUIT8 MADK tS LAthCT
3T I WJta, and tl rrasonaLds prices.
aWOroen from any pert ef the Stats win now) v.
piomxt aad n spectlBl attsattn, .
TIMES
if
THE PEOPLE DECLARE A-DIVIDED!
profits on; ir,
A Dollar Saved
GENERAL REPORT :
E.T. MONTGOMERY & CO.
We have done a fine business. Our Stock is first class. Our -mU are all S, i-
We have sold them neap. nt-suit, gains to uie iv...le. Stea.'v In
crease of Business for Ourselves. '
SPECIAL.
Laird, Schober & Mitchell.-
xxx 1 i ii: ixi ha jxhoi
Tjulieswho used to send away for these goods are pleaded to l'm,l
Shelves. We sell these fine Shoes as
iai ,c viit'v".
Stribley & Co., Krippindorf, Dellman & Co. Famous and ?i.-orite 'hn.iu.l- ,,,
the South. fcfuut
ROCHESTER S1I) X:
The P. Cox Shoe, possesses Crest Durability. Every T.iir Wartanied.
We Have Choice line: Ladies Shoes at $2 50, $2,00 and $1,50,
Attractive Ziincs tft Novelties in SlipDcrs !
cnii-DRX5's siioi:s :
We Make Children's Shoes a Specialty-Children are bring tautrht
earlier to save money, aud for tliin pi;roe nr.- Ito'i- ht t -e us, where tht-v
get a good Siu-e cheap!
GET THE IQTTTnTOIKrSji JE'XJT OZST ;
Finding they last a long time, and seeing our workman rep.tir lln ir o!,l r,ne for
a trifle, and everything made cheap for them. They hem to lt-:tru the rudi
diments of iAjouomy.. Bring the Children.
O-E ' n? SS XX OES!
We are going to give substantial inducements to Gentlemen to Imy tlwir Sinu s ot
us. Msny have sent away. Not a few have been di.:ippoitued. Tiu-ir orders
being rilled often from Shoes which had been misii is for ol Ik-is, nr re
fused for other reasons. Shoes that have been made quick'v. M.ide ehea' with
no style or finish. In fact as little workmanship hs poufhle. We are g-inir'
to give better Shoes, ghoea of better style ami fmii.:i. Superior work
manship, at the same price you have paid heretofore i;-i tins maiiner t ,r un
finished and cheap-made Shoes with scarcely any shoo-making about them.
We will lit and please you iu every ay Our tradu in Gent'ts Shoes
Increases from Day to Day, and we wish to convince every one that ft,
buy our Shoes will be to get the best Shoe to he had in United States for the
price asked, and will end their disappointments, as there will be no
fits in our Shoes.
Our General Stock Will he Kepi Wei! Filled al ail Times,
WITH THE BUST GOODS TO B2 HAD !
With thanks'for liberal patronage, we are, Ilei-peclfuliv,
E. T. BIONXGOBIERV & CO.
Excelsior Maclnne and Planter Plow Ms!
Jolm McDonnell, Jackson, Itliss,
S3
2 (5
wA j
3
eV
ns.yw
a..i.
U S3
Boiler Feeders of all Kinds, Steam
AI ES WIIl9TI.I-fJ.AI7CIK-wMCJK5t VAM KH, llt4 I t'M,
Ktc, Etc. isi.Mi Aii iiin iti:i.rix.
Boiler and Shec.-lron Rivets, Bolls nnd Itabbet Metal !
4Set for i:rle il, Iloller.W ork, ViRhip iin-Su,n IWtlrre
and Condensrns and Coltos lre lor II ... .1 or NirHm
Power; nl., Ntraub rt .UilU.
SaS,A:fT3:3XrG ctxxcl
I Am
4 X
la&jE stjck of Tut;
PLANTER PLOWS NOW READY POR TIIK SEASOK !
Mtel IoiMt an.! S.el NcrHper l vtork . I m I,,ws. r;lta
fointu and Land Sides for all Plowa made by uie o-i hand at all titie-.
JOHN MoDONNELL,
epl6,'8.S
A
A PT'flFl.v
- . , - -
PrepgratKKl known
nonn&l action cf
and ardxliv,. .n,
i ... i-. . - - -
jr-, - . ,
'sJfTTV i. I' l"
OeriiKnnt of ti sjMoin.
a. is. 77 y
A 71 a.
' oiic, wiaiaria Fevers, Bilious Fever,
cnoiera, Dfarrhcea, Rheumatism, General Debility,
w w
FTIEE 2?PAGPnd in st.mp. For fnH packsgs send SO eta. to
TELEGRAPH tVIEDICIME CO.. cake charles. LA
DRUGS, CIGARS & TOBACCO!
-W. C. RODGERS,-
DEALER IN
Drugs, Medicines, Fine Cigars and Tobacco!
TOILST ABTTCLES, COBS A17D E2US3I3, TOILET SOAPS I
IP-AIUSTTS, OIL, WHITE LEAD, Etc.
Mreacriptioiis Carefully Prepared at all hours Dar or Night.
ALL GOODS AT LOWEST PUICI.-i !
Corner near I. C. Depot. . WEST JACKSON.
TO THE PLANTERS OF
Hinds, Rankin and Madison !
TTE WILL KEGOTIATE LOASS OF ,mO?TEY
W for ,AD An Inn. lim. -. I' ..... I - ,. .
of InU-rest through a E-liable Compaoy.
For special infermitioa apply, or address,
- - H. R. WARE A CO
No. no State Staukt. Jacksost, Miss
sep'4,'876m.
-TRUST DEEDS!-
TOR9f HO, I TO BE EXECUTED AF
th Jf mV l C"ro mcd Co14"1" re planted and
..7J7r A t" f uvciuii 10 secure
rZVL VJ,U " U8ea l ""y UI prop
erty other than etf ps is conveyed by making the
necessary alterations and additions. This is the
term heretofore irenerallr used by merchants in
fluids eonnty, with necessary amendments aud
addition, hv lo..iir. ..,., 1 , . . T
r -v -. n.iwucj w.acasua to meet
all requirements.
- j-- rw neai utaie or otner rropertv,
prepared by a leading. Attorney of Vkksborg. A
brief but compreheuAiva form; can be used fcv
mercbanta advancing supplies or others toanini
aioney on real estate er other property.
oaif Ko. 8 ForKeaJ F-state. -
dws. Address -e- mavuui ou larger or.
TUB CLAKIOS, Jacesom, Miss.
'Statement!,
v iCfj'i'M 5 ,
is a Dollar Made !
a
cheap, or cheaper than they are sold
oa our
PULL33YS, 33tc.
E ia.
5 v. 2
3 hst
E-5'S T!
: i" z
yu wauu JOHN WclsOrS'NKl,
PaoPKiEroii Excklsioh Fousorv and Machine Haor-'
i
o -A. :-J
t -:
rKorp.iEroR Eicri-sioii :vs
DRY ANIj
Planteb Pixiw Works.
LIGHTKiriSpat
MA! A US A i;-SSFJ3
ERADICATCR r
AND LIVER RECULATOR.
Our Safe Family Doctor.
A Complete Family Medicine.'
Perfect Substitute for Calomel.
Safe and Reliable Remedv In an
The Crnatest Remedy of the nirn tnr Riiirkn. m......
vrfiFTini i- ..... .,.i j .x. .
------ - ........ i .in. ,u ii t in. mi i iur
f ir rptmnviriff hfl. fn,m )h. k.
tha livar and Ilia lriHnMva 1 t J i i, . i
.1 ." " "!""""
- ' " .!Mrin. iv renv3Ts n ana rwin-i
. . - -- ...Mi.aBTTOlW U1QUU9 1U UU-lir.IIMI
"'?' ! n ba riven wilh HtKFHT
It lias been oxl anh mHt womli-rlul f-llert in
rHce, neaaacne, olc.
lieeds ! Liens ! Contracts
'PHE FOL' OWINl? BLANKS ARE KEPT REG
1 ularly in stock at Tun Clabios Orrm:
So. 1 Merchants leed of Trust on real estate,
personal piojierty or crops.
2 Ieed of Trust- on real esiateor personalty.
" 3 leed of Trust on real estate.
" iH-ed of Trust to secure rent.
" 5 Heed of Trust to neciire rent snd supplies.
b'i (ieneral Lien for Land Kent.
" 6 Contract for share of Crop. A
" 1 Warranty iieed, as per Code, 1S0.
. " 8 Warrant Deed a fuller form.
" 9 Warrsntv leel. wilh Vendor's lion.
" 10 Ciuit Claim Deed.
It Hond for Title.
12 Bond, adapted to any contract or obliga
tion " IS-Bomi for Public OiEcers.
" 14 fieuerai Lease.
" 18 Tax Collector's Reed.
I .Sheriit's lieed, nnder txeculion.
,4 2 Indemnifying Bond to sheriri'.
Deeds by Uo. on the left I'riie: SOc. per quire;
$1.00 for nf ty ; i00 per hundred. Hj mail, post
paid.
Address, . THE CLARION,
Jackson, Miss.
T.fificra onri f!nn,t S.'nIn I -
rpHE CLAKiON OFFICE is PttKl'AltED TO
1 fill ...,4 . f.u. K.,.l. l I :
. v.w.i, . - . lews iui aissuuiv
1 1. 1 ii r.ivi.unl L' ., 1 ..V. . , ii... v. ;
and Lodges of other Benevolent Orders; for Col-
imn-BBT, .ixvun ana t.nancery voarts,
.iur.m I'.il.i;- PniUn, ..,.1 w : . : .
from Si,o0 so 1 15.00, according to rtesign and labor
io engraving. Adress THE CLARION,
- . Jacasok, Hue.
1

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