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The weekly clarion. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1863-1882, December 27, 1882, Image 1

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December 27, T9S
H. G. Fair , Esq , of this city
baa& on a visit to the Birer counties
the interest of theM. & V. B. R., with a
view to inducing county baa rds of super-
visors to rednce the valuation of lands
belonging to the company. They were
pORtlOetim;dtte, D3ccfflb;;r 12The
at II. Tj3 Boiivar county bwd e i ... e. - n
clined to chitig? the as933ment.
F. W. Harret, State supervisor of elec.
tion for Charles 'en county, S. C, charg-
ed with violation of section 5527, Revised
r tt j a . At.
Statutes of Uaited States, the jury in
nharilenne to United States Judsre Bond's
. . , 1:
tnstracions, rendered a verdict of
guiuy. ine court neld that United
States deputy marshals have no author
ity to enter polling precincts nnless call
ed upon by supervisors for the purpose
of preventing fraud or suppressing vio
lence. Under this decision the cases
panling against suparvisors of other
counties in Smth. Carolina have been
Ta3 South and The Tariff.
The officials and stockholders of the
lar-'est cotton manufacturing establish-
. . o lL r, i.
- ,
having bean interviewed by the N. Y.
Herald, have said that so far from being
" ' ...... .
!i ul atm ';ula varouna
injured by a modification of the trriff on
tfce goods th-y manufacture,
. ,.
would be in favor of an absolute aboli
tion of the entire system if that were
possible." Such was the emphatic tes
timony of tha company owning the
mil s at Vane u c and Granitevilla and
of Mr. Piiiaozy, President of the Augusta
mills, and the Georgia R. R. Company,
Mr Charles Baes. Mr. Charles Eites
is president of the Bard of Trustees of
the Augusta Water Power, Canal an 1 is
president of the compuiy which is now
building a c tto.i mill in that city to
have a capacity of some 25,000 spindles.
This is the -'John P. King Mill," with
a capital of 21,003,000.
"Tho abolition
of all duties on cotton goods, he said,
"would not injure us at all ; but if we
t.au ui ... k u: .:a
IlH'l uccu ooit; iy uu v uu mau unit; t nit i.
J '
out the additional cost entailed by the
tariff sve could have -uved $100,000 and
could have put that amount into addi-
tional looms or have addsd it to our
working capital. The tariff is a postive
clog upon the development of our cotton
manufacturing industries. It is in no
wav of advantage to these interests."
struction of
tne .-nates mat resort to it. ine
Board state with satisfaction that 911
miles have been aided to the work
ing mileage of the roads in 1882, and
that probably before the close of
the vear several hundred miles in ,
addition will have b3l completed. No
yezrin ththiihry of the Siid hjs added so
grcit a tnUsago,
State is travcrst
Every county in the
!v an operated line of
railway, and a largo per cent, of the
couuties have competition or rival lines.
The complaints investigated this eir
reached the number of sixty-five. The
dicisions of the Board were promptly
complied with by the companies. The
total number of miles of railroad in
Iowareportel by the variou companies
to the Board is 6,337,43.
As the btttle of supervision iu "the
interest and for the protection of the
people of Mississippi," but not for the
injury of corporations must and shall
be fought until it is won, wa com
mend the experience of Iowa to the
attention of the foes as well as to the
champions of supervision.
The Bill of Senator Brown of Georgia to
abolish the Internal Revenue Abomlua
tion. The first bill of the session iu the Senate
looking to the abolition of the internal Rev
enue system was introduced by Mr.
Brown, of Georgia. It was the intention of
Mr. Brown to force his measure to an
issue at the carlie.'t practicable time :
The text of the bill is as follows :
Whereas, the policy of the government
of the United States from the earliest
period of its existence, except in case of the
emergencies of war, has been to collect
the revenue neccessary to support the gov
ernment by a tax upon imports ; and Where
's the exigencies of war made it necessary
to vary from this rule, practiced by both
political parties during the late unfortunate
civil war; and whereas a period of about
eighteen years has passed since the war
closed and the country is now enjoying pro
found peace and prosperity, rendering excep
tion to the general rule of policy aud prac
tice on this subject n longer necessary ; and
hereas the raising of the revenue of tVie
United States to support the government
economically administered by a tax on im
ports affords" a legitimate incidental protec
tion to American industry and American
Productions; and whereas as it is unneces
sary nd improper to have two large corps
f collector, one at the ports and the other
to collect the internal revenue.", tbe latter
being used iu a great measure as an immense
Political machine to aid the dominant party
in carrying elections, while said duplicate
ystem is very expensive and demoralizing ;
therefore be it
Enacted First, that the act entitled an
t to provide internal revenue to support
we government, to pay the interest on the
Nhiic debt and for other purposes, passed
we3Pth of June, ISfU, and all acts adding
enlarging or amending the tame, and all
authorizing the collection of internal
revenue be and the same are hereby re
Haled. BCTIox 2 This act shlftl be in force from
d aft, the lt day of July, 1883.
Gaia Gambling.
SPW to Courieftrnal.
wajhwotos, DecGen. Cbalmer'a
a bill wbich he wants v, have iutro
ced. It will not be a popular bill with
we stock and grain gambler. The object
the bill is to levy a tax on all coitrct
n futures. For a tea days' option, the tax
" to be two and a half per cant, of the
"tount at stake, and "the nx is increased
reased as the option ia for a longer or
borter period.
frpHal and Immigration Coming South.
If mentioned in onr last tbe arriral
"Of several parties from Michigan. They
tepreaentatiTes of numbers of people ip
section they came: from who are desirous
swgrating south. Since they came they
I I. ' I I JMUI.t 1 A t it 1 1 1 I III InrlltJnciBb I
put fosHf :i '.Ph ha bsensak
i .-. V r
1 - mm w
ueeo enj
asd w are asi
ith evsrythi
aired are faroafaymeHed covered tha,;
in j
I Judge ere Black's Encouraging!
Words to the Oiangers. j
j Pennsylvania State Grange at Us re
cent session !
Yoek, Pa., December 10. 18S2.
Mr Dear Sra: A neighbor and near
i of miae nas bov,a me lh 'ter in
which you express your strong desire to
j,. and hear roe at your meeting on the
! 12th inst. rvith much aeluctance. and only
from icperative reason. Ideny myself tbe
notj hoBorofnili og ray VOIce Wltll7 ' intb.
loud demand which you aud otber Patrons
of Husbandry propose to make for equal
and fair taxation. I hope you are accurate
ly informed upon the operation and effect
of the present system. Iam not, but can
hardly be mistaken in supposing that the
products of land and agricultural labor are
taxed, directly and indirectly, nine or ten
times as heavily a the average of the bur-
deds imposed upon other classes. Why
should not tii is b? remedied 1 All our pub
lic institutions, including courts, jails, schools
poor houses nod country roads could be
supported, and all the prongr expanses of
the .-state could be paid bv a tax laid with
i evnhannVil iutinA iinrt nit Li44A :iliL-p
j and the share of the farmer would be re
ducedSK per cent, below what it now is.
Why should not the farmer lie taxed ac-
eordin1rlVlntl.(nr;.1U,-tot hihnsinps. and
eoraingiy to tlieproauetsolliis b
otlier persons at the same rate a
j l.eirs l 1 f a ni u
all purposes to winch public mot
according to
sulBaient tor
j applicable could be raised by the State with-
' out taking from any c!am!)rs than one tenth
j of what is uow paid hy farmer aud owners
of real property, lins fuu'l, v,in raised,
could bseatily distributed iimong the coun
ties according to population, and the ouer
oSH local taxes would be wholly abolished.
If, in additiou to fiat, you could reduce the
excessive aud arbitrary exactions of the
railway corporations to the reasonable and
uniform rates which tha C institution re
quires, you would get the blessing of every
just man in the Common wealth. Doubtless
it will require some labor, care and exami
nation to make and matura a perfect plan
for carrying out this principle, and you
must exjiect the opposition of powerful per
sons who are interested in the present
abuses. My lack of statistical (acts, as well
as want of tiinf and space, prevents Baa from
going into detail.
Nor is the accepted time tomress for jus-
tice and equal rights. The party coming in
I . I... 1. 1 .. l. it I,.,.
givcn so freeIy. If lhe Independents are
j really independent and half as basest as I
! take them to be, they will give their ut-
. . .i 111 i-.
most aid to your c iUse. As to the old habit-
most aid to your cause.
u. il enemies of good government, they are
on their deatli-bed professing a repentance,
which I hope is tea sincere to permit ut any
nev sins which might add to the shame and
agODy of their political dissolution. The
new powers that be or will be inn few
weeks are worthy of your generous confi
dence. They will probably commit some
errors. Let patience, Imps and ciiarily be
exhausted blore your faith gives way.
Sometimes, perhaps they will teem to be
strong when lUey are not. Wait for the
ight, aiidBI that you conclusion is clear
condemn tnein. Alike tine al-
r the ditlicultiss of thu task before
always np-hiil work, being hard
tared With the decenUmg
a Vic.ous auiniiiisiraiioii
it watch theae
ii Legislative
UL aud cen-
liction ir
iiicir plain
they have
'fear, favor or
nibbed you
lercy, hut scourge
meut Irom watch
ave emerged.
Oueap aim economical covern-
Trnut if we get such a one in Pennsylvania
-by which taxes are imposed only tor pub
lic purposes and collected with horizontal
equality from every class alike, agriculture
will flourish as it never did before. The
! tax-eaters may not latten quite as readily
I as they do at present, but the land will smde
with nlentv. If vou have more than vou
want vou need not part with it to the greedy
millionaire, but think of the uufortunate
laborers, starving and striking iu the
mines and factories all over the country
and "shake the suoerflux to them." I am
With profound respect, yours, etc.,
J. S. Black.
To Leonard Rhone, Esq., Harrisbnrg, Pa.
A New Intor-State Comm9rco BUI.
Representative McCoid's bill to provide
for the regulation of commerce by railroads
amoug the States, and for the protection of
the people from extortion and oppre;sion,
and for the protection of capital invested in
railways from maladministration and rail
way wars, says that each railway shall on the
1st of March of each year, publish a schedule
of rates. Fifty per cent, of the sehedule of
rates shall be the minimum of rates, and 53
percent, above the m ixiinum, allowed to be
charged in any cue. Taeie rates are to be
a charge for loading, a mileage rate for
hauling, and are to be fixei upoa ths prin
ciple of impartial service for a fair corporate
profit from honest public service. Consoli
dating, discriminating, pnlin, ete., are
prohibited and punished ; a committee of
nine members, one from each ju licial cir
cuit of the United States shall t3 appointed
by each C ingress to supervise, investi
gate and reprt to Congress as to the man
agement and control of railways under the
law, and recmm:nd amsudmsats thereto.
CoURIEB-JoUBSAL : "A tariff for revenue
only" means that when the Government
gets it taxes the tax shall stop. It means,
and all the lying on earth c n not maka it
mean otherwise, that the revenue aad all
the revenues levied by Government belongs
exclusively to the Gvernment, as distin
guished from "a tariff for protection,"
which is only a sneak-thief process of pay
ing bounties to private enterprise by an
indirect tax levied upon th; many to subsi
dize the few.
A Soiid and and Beliabla pap sr.
C piahm.
Early in January next, Tub Curios wiil
e enlarged and otherwise improve J. It is a
solfi aad reliable papar, nnl the propristors
wid ridnce tbe subscriptioa prise to Sl.50.
per annum, i advance. We r.c o-niu-n i this
excellent papei to our Copiah people as
wo. thy of a liberal a re a age.
Gov. Stephens of Georgia, has pirdoned
Capt. Elward Cox, sentenced to life im
prisonment in the penitentiary for the mur
der of Col. Robert A. Alston at Atlanta, in
1879. The murder and trial created a pro
found sensation, owing to the prominence
of the parties. .
Commission eb Dudley, of the Pension
Bureau, gives the following statistics
concerning the Union army during dr
War :
To al number of calistrasBts 2,780,178
Number counted more than once by
reason of re-antiatnjent - .w'Jj if
Actus! inurTrdttaleoUataient 4 063,1
Living who hare not apppled for pen.
sioas . - l,ww,sre
Liviwc who have applie i lor pen
sions- - -
Dead leaving pensionable relatives
who base not applied for pen
sions ... -
Dead leaving pensionable relatives
who bare applied -
Dead leaving no pensionable rela
tives -- -
D;ed daring ibe war....
. 5S,5o3
304 W
'S5 545
In tbe service May 1st, 1865 1,000,516
MfBS MaTTIE Wise, of Mississippi, has
been awarded damages to the amount of
42,000 for having, while in the charge of a
conductor of the C. S. L- sd N. O. B.
been takes past tbe place of her destination.
She 20J. on at Terry and tbe conductor was
. , . .a ,,.-V,or nfT at Pi-Vrm A ftir
Ptaenarged lor 113aD.11 r ...
Annual Report of Worthy Master Pot
Darden to the State Grange of Mis-
sissippi, Held at Jaekson, Dec. 12
and 15, 1SS2-
BROTHERS asd SlSTBRs : When we last
met ia annual session in this city six
. ...
years ago, the Orange was in a relaxed ana
depleted condition which followed after a too
rapid and injudicious organiz ttwn. Long
rolls of names ay us a feelins aad an air
of Dotencr which we did u it possess, and
when the numbers grew less, many hearts!
grew taiut, and there were evii forebodings
for the future. Oar treasury was exhaust
ed. The press was silent as t our Order.
Many of our influential, able and wealthy
members turned their backs upon U3. How
dark seemed some of those days. And very
few are aware ol the great work which was
performed, by a few faithful and brave men
and women, to save the order in Missis
sippi and place it upon permanent and ris
ing ground.
Through the operation of various un
friendly forces the order was male unpopu
lar, aud at one time was reduced to about
fifty subordinate Granges in the Slate.
Large numbers of our members were taught
to believe the order was a failure; that it
antagonized other professions and indus
tries, and that its ulterior object was to
organize a political party which would be
detrimental to the best interests of the
country. Our general membership had not
then learned that the Grange was organized
and intended to reform systems of injus
tice that are fastened upou the laboring
aod producing classes ; that it does not in
tend to make war upon other professions,
nor to interfere in any manner with politi
cal parties. They were led to believe that
our only legitimate object was to improve
our methods of farming "by making two
Uades of grass grow where only one grew
before," and that when we left the field to
discuss public questions the order would be
destroyed by the indignation of public sen
This want of information on the part of
our members, as to the real methods and
purposes of the order, produced a feeling of
insecurity a want of faith in the fiaal re
sult which was not confiued to this State
At the Cincinnati meeting of the National
Grange, it was manifest that the same con
dition existed throughout the entire order.
All ioved its social and fraternal features,
but its Jurisdiction being limited to objects
too Bentimental, to etherial, so to speak,
could not take deep root in the minds of
the members, and establish their confidence
in its usefulness and final triumph. Political
aad religious subjects were excluded and so
strict was the construction put upon the let
ter of this law, that the wonder now
is now meiuoers lounu matter to interest
thura at all. And we can look back and see
but one vital spark that smouldered amidst
ail that was ritualistic, unimportant, com
monplace (and yet educational) of grange
proceedings of those days. Having receiv
ed its Ritual completed its By-laws and
fixed for ever woman's position in the O.
dr, there seemed to be a bait in our Na
tional Body, and a vague itiqury of what
next shall be done. The Richmond session
brought the skeleton from the closet, and
showed to wondering eyes what an abused
skeleton he had been after all. Discounten
anced and closeted as a partisan politician
and abused as a party disintegrater he was
brought out iu his inuocence and proved to
be only political economy. It was no
longer a question of doubt, that the time
had come when farmers must grapple with
public questions, or sink out of sight -o far
that they might not hope for their voices
ever to be heard in the future. Thus the
tocin sounded and manfully has there been
a marshalling of forces so that granger has
grown to he synonymous with educator and
reformer. Evils that were discerned from
afar, injustice only suspected from the in
equality of things, have been brought to
the surface and presented to the people
stripped of the mysteries of their iniquity
and in all the boldness and flagrancy of in
justice usurpation and corruption. The
turning point was reached. Since that
time our course has been onward aad up
ward. Whilst we have lost some political
partisans, who love their paiiy more thau
their class or country, our ranks have been
steadily augmented by those who need
.relief from the burdens of injustice placed
upon them by class legislation and by "cus
toms grown heavy with age." At the re
cent meeting, of the National Grange 32
States were represented, and the most en
couraging and satisfactory reports received
that have ever been made to that Body. In"
stead of 50 subordinate Grangers, as referred
to above, we have represented in this meeting
nearly 200, aud our members constantly in
creasing; with more determination, better
information and more clearly defined ob"
jscts, and methods than ever before. No one
in ormed now doubts the permaneucy of the
Order, and no public man has the temerity
to assail it. With an able and efficient
press to sustain it, many frieuds in high
places, the public has at length recognized
the fact that the farmers in no inconsidera'
ble numbers have organized as a class, not
to war upon other's rights, but to protect
their own whenever necessary at the ballot
box, or against tbe combination of those
who rob them of tbe rewards of their labors.
Then I greet you to-day in the strongest
words of hope and encouragement. The
future of the American farmer depends upon
the ultimate triumph of tbe grange.
fisascial coxornosr op
In travelling over tbe State during the
last six years, I have taken great interest
iu studying the condition xf our farmers. I
have visited their homes in nearly every
neighborhood; have talked with them
about their methods of farming, their profits
and their prospects, and do now. unhesita
tingly "declare that tnere is no general pros
perity among them. There are certainly
reasons for this. Oae is, they are making
cotton the leading crop, and the history of
all countries shows that adversity follows
agricultural operations, wbich are directed
(chiefly to the production of one crop Ne-
vgejtijV 5tXLOltu ivraiVB pinu ufiu oui
farmers just after tbe war, but the time has
now arrived, when we must substitute a
higher grade, a more rational system, or be
forced to tin wall. We can raise an almost
endless variety of crape, and ali kinds of
stock. Tbe few prosperous farmers in our
State are those who raise their living at
home, and make cotun a turpi its crop.
We must substitute brain and machinery
for "main strength and awkwardness," and
not depend entirely upon &nbo, cot-;
ton and fault-finding to restore our wasted i
fortunes. It ia evident that the pusent
depressed condition of agriculture in thW i
State is not due entirely to tbe methods
pursued, but n great measure is attribu
table to unfriendly legislation. It is an un
deniable fact that tha prosperity of a coun
try depends upoa the laboring and pro
ducing classes. If onr chief state omcers
and legislators could recognize this fact, and
bestow but a tithe of the time to the pro
motion of their interests that tney give to
! The last meetlnz of the Natioaoi Orange
i reiterated and cmAas;z?d its policy of the
j last few year. Tbe report r tb -various
cjatmitue- if;osrd the present condition
f U. -V rrt.
nce-i it encoun
shid pursue
ters and what polk;
onditiaa and to
plau. lljar filing upon at
with other industries 4,t
1 Committee on Ag riculture,
tbe burdens placed opn fat
ing that they n organ
! ore equality cttncladed
i follows:
equal foisting
he land. The
ifter rehearsing
aiers, r. ad show-
a ia order to
heir repaft as
, .Altainm;nt ouu had through
s Wl'se legislative actioa, ad that must come
; directly rum our caorts,s it surely will,
r.wllta w0 extic: the power we posses-.
L t us hasten to the work, and that the
mi'iiner of !.r.r.aration tn;iv !- frtl from
a (oUut, tha folluaiug resolutions are sub-
esolseJ, That ia lbs exercisa of the
el-.-ft.ve Irauclli-se wo hall racogniaa ai-
legi.ii.c? lo liritMipla as tiu oi.lv sale rule of
action. . -
Eesohtd. That we repudiate all lea ler
rihipin polities, exeept Ui;tt which tends to
the advancement otTioe material interests
of nil our p.'ople tiirooyb Uie exercise of the
virtues tliat diguify aud ennoble citizsoship.
Resolved, Tiait safe protection for our in
dustry agaiaat organized extortion implies
suitable and in aopie degree proportionate
representation ia Suite and National Legis
lation, j
The idea clearly enunciated by the above
resolutions is, that the farmer's only hope of
relief aud reform s in taking a non-partisan
stand aud in refusing to obey the dictates
of any party whicli does not fairly and ex
plicitly pledge restoration of equality and
justice. And the recent indeendent tle-
monslratious made ail over toe land ruoutd
cans: party leaders to call a hait: tor it
tells them in plain .words that the people
are determined that this country shall not
always be at the mercy of grasping monop
olies; that lile people bave rights as well aa
is a subject of great importance at this
time. Directed by vast corporations, with
no power to balance or regulate their oper
ations, they nx their tanits, amass fabulous
fortunes and extort iroui the people at large
millions of money aud deprive the farming
classesespeciallyof that protiton their indus
try, which a just and suitable ?.ta!e of ana:
would cot permit. Inaction in these mat
ters is fatal. It involves death to all that
j is pleasant and agreeable, free and honor-
able. The discriminations, exactions and
assumptions flf railway corporations leave
us room to doubt that neither pity or jus
tice have any weight with them, and that
they will ruin this government or rule it to
their ends. Such Beffidluexs, such grasping
of power by corporations of men are new
features of menace to free institutions.
Republics of old fell prostrate at the feet of
ou'tytaat. We of this day battle with a
hvdn-oeaded monster, whose heads are
called monopoly. How impotent seem the
masses before this power, and yet it is the
weakness onlv of ignorance and inaction.
Like a spirited span of horses held in check
and guided by rein and voice, thty have
hut to lest their power to find it out. There
are no evils in this country which cannot
be redressed, not in u day or all hour, but
in lime. Railroad methods must be brought
to iiuht. There must be some government
al supervision, and that competition encour
aged which would result irom the improve
ment of onr water channels. The State
Grange tor years has been urging upon the
attention of our Slate Legislature the ne
cessity of action 111 this matter ot transpor
tation. At onr last meeting a resolution wa3
adopted unanimously by a rising vote, ask
ing the repeal of what ia known as the lien
law. Also asking for a valuation law ; but
our li w makers seemed.more inclined to fs
vor monied monopolies than lo look lo '.he
greater interests of the masse, and the only
resource left us is to examine the records of
the last Legi-Iature, and in the next elec
tion turn a deaf ear to the mandates of par
ty, and cast oar votes against those
who voted against our interests. Let the
parties know that we have rights as well
as monopolies, and that we have the
courage to main tain them; and we will no
longer be ignored and compelled to bear
burdens of injustice and Equality. The
knowledge of our grievances is well nigh
complete and it only remains for us toapply
the remedies prescribed. In lhe halls of
Congress and State Legislatures are the
springs and Sources of much that oppresses
and burdens the farming classes, and there
is but one remedy we must send men as
legislators who have sympathy with the
farmers, have knowledge of bis wants, and
who have the con rare to stand ud aud bat
tle for them ; no important results can be
achieved without.
To have an influence upon government by
our petitions, we must co-operate and send
them by a united membership. To be re-rpecf-d
as a class, we must act unitedly,
ii respective of party affiliations when our
interests are at stake. To free ourselves ol
iniquitous exactions iu the handling of our
products, we must co-operate in our busi
ness relations. To save the immense per
centagesof profits which we now pay in
buying aud selling, we must co-operate on
the Rochdale plan. This plan has already
produced wonderful results whenever oper
ated. There are a large number in our State
worked on plans different in many features
from tbe one recommended by the National
Grange. I suggest that this body take some
steps to induce the different associations in
the State to lend representatives to the
meetings of the State Grange, that by con
sultation they may be able to adopt some
uniform system.
The surest and most effective means of
building up a Grange, to keep live ones ac
tive and intelligent, is to circulate grange
papers amonir members. There is no better
evidence of the importance and progress of
the Uruer than the number and excellence
of the papers now published in its interest.
We caunot afford to be indifferent to the
press, its power to build up or pull down is
too potent in everv undertaking and if
we would hasten "the good time coming"
we should spare no eff irt to circulate our
literature. There are several communities
in our State whre the membership is strong
enough to establish papers, and I would
recommend to them to consider the proprie
ty and practtcab lity of doing so.
The system adopted at previous meetings
of appointing lecturers for the several coun
ties has not worked well, as they do not
feel able to work without remuneration.
Sortie legislation is necessary, for without
some improvement it wald ba Latter to
abolish the system.
I h.-rewith hand 'yen au amaadmeut to
the Const itutioa proposed by the. Nttioual
Grange for your ratification or rejection.
Itr concluding this my last repirt, permit
me to return you my heartfelt thanks, aud
through you to the people of tbe State,
grangers, farmers, in fact every class of peo
ple for the uniform courtesy and kindness
they have shown me during thessix years I
nave served as Master.
There is not an unpleasant recollection
on my mind. Not a word nor aft act has
been said or done 10 give me personal offence.
My position and work has been assailed,
but ibis was to be expj-cted. In all the
numerous assemblies I bare had the honor
of addressing, there has never been any dis
turbance or disorder, which is a compli
ment to the refineaaent and culture of our
people. I ask my frieuds throughout the
States lo extend to my successor tbe same
good treatment they have shown me.
The following resolutions were unanimou-.
ly adopted at the recent meeting of the State
Grange of Mississippi by a rising vote.
Betolved, That this State Grange, by iu
actioa ia electing Worthy Master Darden
for the fourth term its master by a unam
imous vote, expresses in the most forcible
manner its confi ience in htm. and endorse
ment of bis course in the pastas aa expo
nent of th principles ana objects of our
That as this Stata Grange has j
Be v. Ch-. F. Evans one of the most e!o
qoent divines ia the South, has been trans
ferred froaa tbe Little Bock Conference to
the Louisiana Cooferencs of the Methodist
Episcopal Church South.
A Galveston News special says: 'Tn a
shooting aflry at Santiago yesterday betweea
Thomas Drake and Stephen Lowis, the
Comer was killed and the latter wounded.
A bystander was also shot It was an elec
tion quarrel.
The house of Singleton J una, on a plan
tation near Stockbride, Ge orgia, .-as burned
to the g: ma 1. Taomai Knight aai two
children wers burned to death. Knight
was laying drunk in the house when the
fire occurred.
It is now said that the trustees of the M
E Church will decide to locate the Univer
sity they propose to build in the South in
Chattanooga. It will bs a large institution,
and fuily $100,030 wiil be sp-nt on the
buildings. Nearly adoz;n other cities have
tnveu to secure it.
William C. Frazter, a school teacher of
Cumberland, Ohio, during an attempt to
discipline his pupils, bsctme involved in a
general fight, ia the emrse of which ha
tabbed and killed John Hayas, aged twen
ty rears and severely cut Charles Luce.
Fraxier gave himself up and is now iu jail,
The people of Stokes county, North Car
olina, are excited over the sale by one man
of his wife to another. Alfred Jenkins, the
owner of a farm in that section, a fe w days
since sold his wife to Noah Glidewell, a
neighboring farmer, for $503. He then
onl.l hia form nnd moirefl aivav. leaving
Glidewell in quiet possession of the uewly
purchased wife. Tbe transfer of tbe wife
from one man to another was done as though
the men had simply swapped horses.
F. W. Warren, charged with the murder
of one Kinzston. in Dunkin county. Mis-
souri, has been captured, for whom a re
ward of $5000 was offered.
Oa the road from M sm phis to Herfiando,
Mississippi, Mrs. John Wright, with her !
little girl, was iu charge of her husband's j
grocery, he having come to Memphis to
make purchases. An unknown negro man
entered the store. Finding Wright gone,
he demanded the money that was in the
drawer. Mrs. Wright refused, whereupon
the negro fired, killing her instantly. Toe
murderer then robbed the store of $10J in
cash and two pistols. Mrs. Wright's little
girl, who wituassed har mother's murder,
Ciuld give but a vague description of the
The tenth missing girl whose absence can
not be accounted tor siuee tha 1st of the
month December has been -reported at Ciii
ctgo. This time Mirtoa Jackson, biok
keeper for the Illinois Central Riilvav
Company, waited on Mayor Harrison with
the information that his eldest daughter,
Anuie Loftus Jackson, 14 years of age, had
been missing siuce Monday last.
Hon. Robert Otild, one of tha most prom
inent lawyers of Richmond, and Confed
erate exchange Commissioner during the
war, died at his residence in Richmond on
the loth, in the sixty-second year of his
age, of acute congestiou of the lungs, after
only a few days illness.
On the 13th, the South and North bound
freight trains on the Mobile & Ohio road
collided at Kusbla, eleven miles north of
Mobile, the North bouud train making the
switch and the South bound train running
twenty mile3 an hour. The engine aad five
cars were waecked. The conductor of the
North bound train, Hunter Meyer was kill
ed. Before dying the conductor acknowl
edged he had forgotten he was to meet the
train at Kushla.
Words in Season.
Meridian Mercury.
We indulge the hope, that the Democrats
in the Senate and iu Congress, will come
out squarely and plainly against all sorts of
monopolies, and agree upon some bill to
check the exorbitant charges of railroads.
If the bill of Mr. Reagan, of Texas, he lia
ble to any constitutional objections, let it
be freed from it, and then receive the sup
port of every Democrat. The people de
mand this remedial, or protective legisla
tion it is both just and necessary, and
there is no doubt but that it will render the
Democratic party invincible in 1884. The
p ople must be protected against the com
binations of corporations to rob them, and
we wish to see the Democratic party carry
through this measure of relief and protec
tion iu Congress and in the State Legisla
tures under their controL Th Mercury
has never changed fronton this question,
and never expects to desert the oeople ou
this life and death issue, and it will not be
its fault, if the Democrats of Mississippi
continue to disappoint tha wishes of tlie
people and to falsify their pledges, in regard
10 legislative supervision ovet railroad.-.
Two Classes of Statesmen.
Special to the Cincinnati Commercial.
Washington-. The action of Mr. Man
ning of Mississippi in refusing to acre pt
a cenificaie of election, based on the exclu
sion of votes intended for bis opponent for
technical reasons, draws attention to a some
what similar condition of affairs in the close
districts of Ohio. In this connection Rep
resentatives Shultz and Dawts of Ohio, be
lieving that the interest of voters in the
Ohio districts is mere clearly manifest than
in the Chalmers case, say they would not
accept certificates issued in violation of such
intent. It is the subject of much unfavor
able comment that Mr. Campbell should
actually seek to disfranchise 8,600 Republi
can votes in Clermont county on the flimsy
technicality that their votes are retuined for
H. L. Morey instead of Henry L. Morey.
Norf wind show you de cracks in de
bouse. .When you make de jail too nice
you better strenkin' de hogpen. Mule dm.' t
kick 'cord in' to no rule. Biack sheep hide
mighty easy in de dark. Sal'day night he'p
roomatiz pow'ful. High-I'.irnt niirger sint
much service at de log-rollin'. Blind bridle
can't hide de fodder-rtack fum de lean horse.
Corn-cob stopper don't but de lasses in de
jug. Hot sun mace de blades dull 111 de
barves Bel. Mule don't understan' de
wheel-borrer. Smart rabbit go home fo' de
snow done fallin. Dead limb on de tree
show itse'f when the bnds come out. Cen
tury. A Shame and an Outrage.
Texas Sittings.
"John, what ia that peculiar smell?"
asked an Austin man's wife when he
came home very late. She expected he
would say that it was the incense they
used in the lodgeroom, or that he would
tell some other He, hut she was- mis
taken. "It's whiskey ; that's what it is,"he
replied defiantly.
"Miserahte creature," retorted his
wile, "yon have at last got down so low
that you have not got decency enough
left to try and lie out of it."
. .
The idol of to-day pushes the hero
of yesterday out of our -ecolleetion ;
and will in turn be supplanted by bis
sucr$or of to-morrow. Washington
Irving. .
Enthusiasm is grave inward self-
-,.i ij nnmra tn;tal.i nnL, i
O'er lbs bil e a'gb shadows stsal ;
Scire; a 1 S hrette stirs;
fee the Virgin mi d
Cusps tier new bora ChiM I
Ro and tk, mvajrer shepb:ia kntcl-
llaotbl.- worsiiipper,
li.--.rk I aac Is sing
Hoin i their h au!y Eiagf
'Tis for m ut. aud no fur tlism,
bleeps iho Bihj ia betaiehem.
Thoa whoss bea i to eai t is lowly
Hawed in woe and aitAta -,
Waea co help seems aigb
TV thy piit out cry,
Think ! it was unt for ihe holy
lbs RpJc in camp,
Hrk 1 ng:ls siag
Bohnd their bsivealy li.iz '
For car.a's sinful and .Mi ei
Cornea lo-oigUt tbe Siv.oar Child.
lie who to the cr .d'-; brings
Oae pare, generous 'bought,
To t infant the e
B ings a gift mire rare
Than the e ! I and my rti tbe kings
Of tn 0t 'nt Uroiiithf,
il t .its tiag
Itound their heirenlv KiaI
'Tis for man. aad not fo- ihem,
S'.eeps ihj Bio.- in Belhlebeaa,
We have now reached tbe zenith of
our Christmas season, a time when all
j hearts should kindle anew the fires of
- ; love, good will, and mirth, and cause
; thorn to cheer a larger circle by their
i warmth and light than they have
j hitherto done. A beautiful idea was
th t . . :n.,:.,.. .k Bama na rf
, , , . . . .
! J
memorate the nativity of our Saviour
' iL. .1-- 1-1 . - o
i oa,uc luu PSa cticoiatcu
re is -au oiu
en of the stable are represented in a
supplicant position, on their knees; and
doubtless this picture originated tbe
fabulous story
Christmas Time.
J As communities grew and lands were
peopled and cultivated, mingled emotions
J 0f fear and reverence sprang up in the bean
Lf those toilers and workers. When they
I Qi much to thanktui for wbeil lbeir
crops were bountiful, they had something
to fer from ad ver8e e!emenU- TnMe laUer
j were personified tv them, and propitiary
11 U JSLDEiJX 04
Greece and Some. Tbe beat of them wtre
taken over by the Catholic Church, stripped
or their heathen rites, and wer cua verted
jftto religious observances of the Church ol
Lhrisjt. 1 lie festival in commemoration of
the Nativity of Our Saviour was, as far a
can be ascertained, flrst kept in the year J3,
and it was constituted and ordained a
solemn feast by St. Telesphorus, a martyred
Pope, in 1ST. Christianity, which, accord
ing to the Venerable Bade, was taught in
Britain with some degree of sued as in tbe
year 64, led to the conversion of tbe Saxons
about 697. The festivals of the Church
were subsequently introduced, and among
them the commemoration of tbe birth 01
our Saviour. To it was given the name 01
Christina-, from Christ and the Saxon
mo)se, and masse, which signified festival.
The religion of the Druids was superseded,
but their priests, who venerated the oath
were wont to celebrate the close of the yenr
but adorning their temples and the dwell
ings of their followers with evergreen-, ol
which the holly and the mi-llttoe held thr
chief place, and Christianity, in changing
the mere worship of tbe closing year into
the celebration of the Nativity, took also
the hoily and mistletoe, and gave them a
prominent position among their floral deco
rations. Although pre-eminently a religi
ous observance and festival of the Church,
Caristmas day has gradually glided into
one e--ei t ally social. Not simply for re
joicing and feasting, but for the gathering
toge'her beneath one roof those who are
united by ties of affinity, and other bonds
almost equally dear. With Christmas the
time has arrived when those who bave been
separated for the chief portion of the year,
from multifarious causes, ure brought
together, when a loved or welcome face i
greeted with a fond, delighted smile, and
the memory of one which will no more a
pear is recalled with a silent tear. It is a
time when aH tbe trials, unxieties, and re
sponsibilities of the past year have been dis
counted and the coming year is looked
forward to at least with hope. Apart from
religious considerations, yet strictly in ac
cordance wan them, Uhristmas time, as
now observed, is a period when the mind
asu 'lies a genial tone, when the heart ex
pa r.ds, and harsh or bitter thoughts take
right, when we are all disposed to forgive
and forget, when animosities are subdued,'
coldness ot feelina: is changed to a summer
heat, and a beneficent, cheery, loving fra
ternity prevails not supposed to prevail,
but doea prevail. It may have mixed up
with it much that is Pagan and carnal in
its feasting, its eating, and its drinking, and
even its hilarity; but the consideration of
those relics of bygone ages, those selfish in
dulgences, fade into insignificance before
the emotion of loving brotherhood, the feel
ings of family affection, the warm, generous
sentiments which, as if summoned by a
magician's wand, spring up into being, and
hold carnival during this brief season of
happy re-union. For morn than a thousand
years it has been growing into the glad and
happy shape it has now taken, and while it
serves as a means of drawing families and
friends into loving unity, of banishing strife,
and all selfish and evil thoughts, may the
.Christinas festival, as now known to us
never losicg sight of the holy cause of its
celebration continue annually to live and
jreigu until "Time itself shall be co more."
London Journal.
Why the Sea is Salt.
Once on a time, but it was long, long
ime tign, there were two brothers, one rich
ind oiip poor. Now, one Christinas eve the
oor one hadn't so much as a crumb in tbe
house cither of meat or bread, so he weut
to his brother to ask him for something to
keep Christmas with, in God's name. It
fwas not the first time his brother had been
breed to help him, and you may fancy he
wasn't very glad to see his face, but he said 1
' If you will do what I ask you to do, I'll
ive you axwhole flitch of bacon."
So the poor brother said he would do any-
llh nMel whs full of thanks.
Weil, here is the flitch," said the rich
llvrother, "and now go straight to hell."
"What I have given my word to do I
must stftk lo," said the other ; so he took the
Ditch and set off. He walked the whole day
ind at dusk he came to a place where he
saw a very bright light.
'Maybe this is the place," said the man
.0 himself So he turned aside, and the
irst thing he saw was an old, old man, with
1 long white beard, who sttiod in an out
souse hewing wood for the Christmas fire.
"Good even," said the man with the
flitch. ,
"Tne same to you ; whither sre you going
so bite?" said t'le man.
' Oh ! I'm going to hell, if I only knew the
right way." answered the poor man.
"Well, you're not for wrong, for this is
bell," said the old man; "when you get in
side they will be all lor buying your flitch,
for mentis scaice in tHl;but mind you
don't sell it unless you get the hand-quern
Which stands behind the door lor it. When
you come out I'll teach you how to hand h
the nueru, for it's good to grind alcicistany
So lhe man with the flitch thankflpe
otlier for his good advice and gave a pneat
knock at the devil's door.
When he got in everything went just as
the old man had said. All the devils, great
and small, came swarming up to him like
ants round an ant hill and each tried to
outbid the other for the flitch.
' Well!" said the old man, "by rights rbv
old old dame and I ought to have ihisflrfeh
for our Christmas dinner, but since you
have all set your hearts on it I suppose I
must give it up to you ; but if I tell it at all
I'll have for it that quern behind the door
At first tbe devil wouldn't hear of such
a bargain, and chaffered and haggled with
the man ! but he stuck to what he said, and
at la- t the devil had to part wilh his que. n.
When the man got out into the yard he
asked the old woodcuttur how he was to
handle the auern, and after he had beard
how to ue it, he thanked the old man and
went on Home as wsi as ne couiu, nut stui
the clock had struck twelve on Caristmas
Eve before he bad reached his own door.
"Wheicver in tbe world have vou been?"
said his old dame; here have I t hour
after hour waiting and watching, without
eo much as two sticks to 'ay together under
the Christmas breee.
"Oh!" said the man, "I could not get
back before, for I had to go a long way first
for one thing and then for another, but uow
yt u snail see what you shall see.
t So be put the quern on the table and bade
Tl first of all grind lights then a table-cloth,
.tbo meat, then ale, and so on till they hud
'-ot everything that was nice for Christmts I
fire. He had only to speak the word snd
th quern ground out what he wanted. The
rld dame stood by blessing her stars aud
kept on unking where be had cot ibis won-
deaiuf quern, but ue wouldn't tell her.
' It's all one where I gut it from ; you see
the quern is a good one and tbe mill-stream
iever frees?", that's enough."
80 he ground meat and drink and dain
Les enough to last till Twelfth Day, and on
he third day he asked all bis friends and
.in to bis boose and gave a great feast.
. ow, when his rich brother raw all thnt
tyk'os n the table and all that waa behind in
vjie larder lie grew quite spiteful and wild,
yie couldn t bear that his brother should
.f any tiling.
Twasoniy on Christmas Eve," he said
o bc rest, "he was in such straits that lie
came and asked lor a morsel of food in God's
name, and now he gives a feast as if he were
Count or King, and be turned to bis broth
er and said :
"But whence, in bell's name, bave you
cot all this weaUbT"
'From behind the door," answered the
owner of the quern, for he didu't care to let
tbe cat out of the bag. But later in tbe
evening, when be bad got a drop too much,
he could keep hia secret no longer, and
brought out tbe quern and said :
" There, you see what has" gotten me all
this wealth ; " and so he made tbe quern
grind all kinds of things. When his bro
ther saw it be set bis heart on having tbe
quern, and after a deal of coaxing he got j
it: but be bad to roar tSQfl fTr it. and bis
brother bargained to keep it till hy hai-,
MS. Kir ne 1 nought. 11 i seep "
can make it grind meat and dnux
''faiicv' the
rich brei
Wednesday, . . . St ber tO, ItH
It was orcein when tha rih htlm ot
tbe queru borne, nod neat morning bo told,
hia wife to go out into tbe bay-field and
i xm lb grass, and be
; would stay at borne and get tbe dinner
ladv. StV TV ' 1 Ainnmm f mm. Ammm .. . .
, ' " ...... ., Ilf.l,
be put the quern ou the kitchen table and
said :
"Grind herrings and broth, aad grind
them trood and last."
So tbe quem begun to grind herrings and
broth ; first of all all tbe dishes full, then
sll the tubs fall, nnd so on tilt the kitchen
was quite covurd. Then the man twialed
aud twirled at thequtrn to get it to stop,
but for idl hi Iwieting and fingering lhe
quern went on gnnuinr, and in a little
while lhe broth rose mi high that tbe man
was like to drown. So he threw open tbe
kitchen door and ran into the parlor ; but
it wasn't long before the quern had gn.und
the parlor full too, and it was only at the
ri-k of bis life that the man could grt bold
of tbe Uicli of the hou-c door through the
stream of broth. When he got the door
open bo ran out ind set off down the road,
wuh the si ream of herring snd broth at
his heels roaring like a waterfall over tbe
whole form.
Now, his old dame, who was io the field
tossing the hay, thought it a long time to
dinner, and al last she said :
" Well ! though ih master doesn't call us
hoes we may as well go; maybe be finds it
hard work to boil tha bmih and will be
glad of my help."
The men were wiliins enough, so they
auntsred homewards; but, just as they
had got u little way up Ibe bill, what
-hould they meet but herring broth
nnd bread, all running and dashing and
splashing together in u stream, and the mas
ter himself running before them for bis
tiie, mid as he pushed ihem he bawled out,
" Would to heaven each of you had a hun
dred throats; but take care you're not
drowued iu ii e broth."
Away he went, as though lhe evil one
were at bis heels, to his brother's hou-e, and
begged In m for God's sake to lake back the
quern that instant ; for said he:
" If it grinds uuly one hour more the
whole pariah will bo swallowed up by her
ting and broth."
But his brother wouldn't bear of taking it
back till tha other paid bim down $300
So lhe poor brother cot both the money
nnd the quern, and it wasn't long before he
set up a larm house far finer than the one
In which his brother lived, nnd wilh lhe
quern he ground so much gold that he cov
ered it with plates ol gold; and as the farm
lay by lhe seaside lhe golden house gleamrd
and glistened tar away over the sea. All
who sailed by put ashore to sre the rich
man in lhe golden bouse and see the won
derful quern, the fame of which spread far
and wide till there was nobody who hadn't
heard of it.
S ) one day there came a skipperwho
wanted to see the quern, nnd the first thing
he ii-ked was if it could grind salt.
"Grind salt?" said the owner: "I
should just think it could; it can grind
When the skipper heard that he snid he
must have the quern, cost what it would,
for if he only had it he thought he should
be rid of Ins long voyages across stormy
seas for a lading of salt. Well, at first the
man would'nt hear of. parting with the
quern, but the skipper begged and prayed
so hard that at tusi he let him have it, but
he bad to p:.y many, many thousand dollars
for it. Now, when the skipper hud got lhe
quern ou his back he soon made off with it.
tor he was afraid lest the man should
change his n.ind ; so h had 110 lime lo a.-k
how to lumdlo the quern, but got on board
his ship as fist as he could and scts.il.
When he had sailed a good way off he
brought the quern on deck and said :
" Grind salt, aim grind boih good nnd
Well, the quern bfgan to grind salt so
that it poured nut like Water j nnd' when
the skipper hud got the ship full he wishd
to stop the quem, but whichever .y he
turned it and however much he tried, it
wm no good; the quern kept grinding on,
and the heap of salt grew higher and high
er, and at last down sunk the ship.
There lies the quem at the bottom of lhe
sea and grinds uway at this very day, and
tbii', is the reason why the sea is salt.
We nre tired or tlio weary warfare ;
Theduily cares that nnnot ;
Bui the one t u ihlag that i loft us
It lhe dem- ol I Cnriatisas joy.
80 we lay nside nil our tio idle,
Tbe cai ei iliai we cannot nsme ;
And rest us nwl.ile, in the frladneis
l'list ever has been the same.
The same o'd remenbrniieo ftn 1 giving,
Always so sweet in the end ;
Ever since laa grent Master-giver
Cams down iu be King and FricnJ.
The same fragrant oJorof cedar,
Of hemlock, holly nnd pine;
Which ouly itows fresher and tweeter
Wiih mem'ries thnt 3 ears entwine.
Tiie ara; ' Morry Christmas resounding,
The inns ohl star? air ii ,
As sweet at whrn 1 old ,0 1 h ) shepherds,
Of " peace anl g lod will to men."
Tbe h:mic j:1 1 is iu chime of t'oo oburoh
bell, .
Thr nme ohl carols r.nd cheer:
Tbn samtvxvsniy wnr d thai is smi'ing
As the.Cui inimus tide draws near.
And wo turn a-i le fnra onr tro ible,
From nil tile cars that annoy; H
To rest 11, awhile, in ih brifhtness
Of the dear old Chris mit joe I
I They Were Poor.
An exchange recalls the following
historical facts, which should encourage
young men 8 niggling under discourage
ment and poverty :
John Adams, second President, was
the son of a farmer of very moderate
means. The only start he had waa his
Andrew Jackson was born in a log
hut in the piny wood3, for which that
State is So famous.
James K Polk spent the earlier years
of his life helping to dig bis living
out of a new farm io North Carolina.
He was afterwards a clerk in a country
Millard Fillmore was the son of a
New York farmer, and his house was a
vprv liiimhl nnr T1a lrarnorl thai
1 u f 1 ,hi
! DUB.lneM j Clotnier.
I James Buchanan was born in a small
1 town amonz 'be Allegheny Mountains
! His father cut the logs and built his
own house in what was then a wilder-
sAbralmrrnjfricoln was die son of a
very poor Kentucky fanner, Aad lived
in a log cabin uutil be was?' 21!4yers of
Andrew Johnson nns apprenticed to
.'ailcr at the ago of 10 years by hia
widowed mother He was never able to
attend school, nnd picked up all the ed
ucation be ever got.
Starting a Young Man.
From the Wall Street News.
It is related of a wealthy Philadel
phian who has been dead these many
year, that a young man came to him
one day and asked for help to start bim
In business.
"Do you drink?" asked the million
aire "Occasionally."
"Stop it! St. p it for a year, and then
come aud see me."
The young man broke off the habit at
once, and at the end of a year again
oresented himself.
"Do you smoke?" asked the great
"Yes, now and then".
"Stop it ! Stop it for a year, and then
come and see me."
The young man went away end cut
loose from tbe habit, and after worrying
through another twelve months onco
more raced the philanthropist.
"Do you chew ?
"Stop it! Slop it for a year and then
come and sec me." . ,
But the young man never calieu
When some one asked why be
i why he
Vs. I had

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