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Kosciusko chronicle. [volume] (Kosciusko, Miss.) 1846-1872, May 28, 1846, Image 1

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GEORGE W. HARLOW,
'As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man."
EDITOR PROPRIETOR
VOLUME I.
KOSCIUSKO, MI., TIIVRSIMY, MAY 28, IS1G.
D UMBER 21.
TERMS.
The CnHomciE is published every Sat
urday morning, at Two Dollars per annum,
invariably in advance.
Advertisements will be inserted at the
following rates, to wit: For every six lines
or less, first insertion, fifty cents; and for
.each subsequent insertion, twenty-five
cents, payable in advance, or upon first in
sertion. Standing advertisements, every six lines
r less, will be inserted as follows:
Three months $3 00
Six months 5 00
One year v 8 00
Advertisements not marked with the
number of insertions, will be continued
..mil f.irbid. and chanred accordingly.
Announcing candidates for office, fivel
dollars, payable in advance.
Any person who will ' procure us five
subscribers, and forward the amount ($10)
shall be entitled to a bixth copy gratis.
Letters on business with the office, to
ensure attention, must be post paid or free.
Money may be sent by mail at our risk,
if a receipt is first taken from the post
master. '
Job work must be paid for on delivery.
Latest From tlie Army!
MOST important!
Victory! Victory!!- -200 Mexicans
Killed!!
By the arrival of the schooner Louis
iana, Capt. Eddy, from Brazos Si. Jago,
which place she left on the 11th inst.,
the N. O. Delta has the following im
portant news :
Gen. Taylor left Point Isabel on the
7th, with 2000 men, and 250 wagons
with stores for the Fort. On th6 8th
came in sight of the Mexican Army, and
when quite near both armies commenced
firing with theit artillery. The Mexi
cans were compelled to retreat. The
battle commenced at noon, and axon
stant roar of cannon was kept up until
dark, when all was quiet. Our army
remained on the field of battle ready lor,
and expecting another hard day's work,
but in the morning seeing no Mexicans,
Gen. Taylor sent out Capt. Duncan's
company, who found they had all left
the held, leaving their dead and badly
woutuleu, together witn tnree new pie
ces on the ground. About 200 Mexi
cans were found dead. Those that were
taken prisoners say that our firing was
so extremely destructive that the whole
Mexican army was ordered to. charge
upon Gen. Taylor's army, but most ol
the men refused. One ol their high of
ficers rushed into their midst, sword in
handto urge them on, rather than do
which thev shot hi in down. Some of
their knaosacks were examined and
uul to contain nothing but corn and
Gen. TaMof kept his position and
sent in his wounded to Point Isabel. It
was thought he w?uld not proceed fur
ther until he receded a remlorcement,
as some places he would have to pass
would be very uillicult.
Our killed and wounded were 46.
Thre.e officers wounded, viz: Maj.
Ringgold, shot through both legs; Capt.
Page, badly shot in the lower jaw; and
Lieut, Luther.
On the 8th, 500 men were landed
from the fleet to protect the stores at the
Point; or reinforce Gen. T. if necessary.
They were all well armed and eager for
a fight with the Mexicans.
While the battle was being fought,
two comDanies of Mexican Artillery
came down to 'cross BocaChica, and it
is supposed to march up the beach and
take possession of our vessel?, with
stores, which were obliged to anchor
very near the Point. The ship Cum
berland got under way and ran down
towards them, seeing which they whee
led and returned back.
After leaving Brazos, met another ship
of war and one steamer standing in for
Brazos St. Jago.
The steamers Telegraph and Augusta,
had not arrived when the schr. Louisi
ana left.
We are requested by Capt. Eddy to
return his thanks to Mr. Benjamin, at
the English Turn, for his polite atten
tion in furnishing him with a horse to
enable him to reach the city.
Capt. Eddy states that the detachment
which brought in the wounded could
not6tate positively whether Gen. Tay
lor would proceed immediately to the
camp, opposite Matamoras, or wait for
a further reinforcement. On the eve
ning of the 0th it was understood that
the men landed from the fleet were to
proceed immediately to his assistance,
but, from some cauie, they had not left
when the Louisiana sailed. !
Left at Brazos, St. Jago, on the 11th
inst., echr. Waterman, bound to this
port, waiting for a wind; steamer Col.
Harney waiting for coal; steamers Mon
mouth, Cincinnati, Neva, and Leo,
lightering government stores to Point
Isabel; steam schr. Jas. Cage, schr, De
catur, and a small schr. with coal, wait
ing to unload, inside Bar; a brig loaded
with powder outside, waiting to be
lighted over the Bar. Six feet six Inches
on the, Bar.
On the 14th, saw a schooner ashore
on the west end of Timbalier Island;
masts and rigging standing; apparently
full of water, and abandoned.
The Louisiana experienced very heavy
squalls on her passage. She arrived at
the Balize on Thursday, but could not
then get steam. At the head of the
Passes, met the steamship Alabama, and
informed them of the news. They re
plied with six cheers, which' foretold a
tale of wo to the Mexicans!
"still Later.
Another Baltic and another Victory
300 Mexicans Killed!!
By the U. S. steamer Col. Harney,
Capt. J. D. Wood, arrived this morning
from the Urasos St. Jago, we have dates
from Point Isabel to the morning of the
13th inst., when she left.
On the 9th, Gen. Taylor again took
up his march for the camp oppTsite
Matamoras, and again encountered the
enemy, In a ravine about three miles
below camp, where they had chosen
their position to dispute his progress,
and in an action which lasted about
three hours, defeated them; they had
about three hundred killed and woun
ded, and lost 9 pieces of artillery, 3
standards, besides a creat number of
small arms, pack mules, &c.
Amid the rejoicings on account of the
triumph of our arms, the Nation lias
cause to mourn the loss of some her
bravest sons.
Gen. Taylor lost about GO killed and
wounded, anions whom were three ofli
cers, viz: Lt. Inges, of the Dragoons; Lt.
Cochran, of the 4th Infantry, and Lt.
'"MinrUinm nf'tlip TnAintrv Amnnrr
the wounded are Col. Mcintosh, of the
5th Infantry; Lieut. Col. Payne, 4th Ar
tillery, and Capt. Ilooe, 5th Infantry
most of them slightly, and none supposed
mortally.
An exchange of prisoners took place
on the 10th, and we understand that
Col. Thornton had been released bv the
exchange.
From the most authentic source we
learn that the number of the enemy's
forces, in both engagements, was not
less than between seven and eight thou
sand men.
Gen. Taylor, after reaching the camp,
returned to romt Isabel on the evening
of the 12th, with a train of wagons
loaded with ammunition, baggage, mules,
&c, taken from the enemy.
The communicatain between Point
Isabel and Gen. Taylor's camp oppo
site Alatamoras may now be considered
open.
Some of the ammunition taken from
the enemy in the first engagement was
used upon them in the second.
The following Mexican officers were
taken prisoners; Gen. La Vega, Lts.
Prade and Velez, Lt. C,ol. Marlines,
Aid-de-camp to Gen. La Vega, accom
panied the Gen. voluntarily. They ar
rived here this morning on the Col."
Harney, in the charge of Lt. J. J. Rey
nolds of the 4th Artillery.
The gallant Capt Walker was in
both engagements, and we are happy to
state escaped without injury.
Gen. Taylor and staff were to leave
Point Isabel on the 13th for his camp
opposite Matamoras.
Major browh, ot the Artillery, wno
was left in c6mmand of the fort oppo-
site Matamoras. died on tne lutn oi
wounds received in gallantly defending
his post, and was buried with military
honors on the 11th.
Our informant states that the Mexi
cans retreated in confusion to the other
side of the Rio Grande, and that he was
among those who pursued them up the
river. Several Mexicans were drowned
in the attempt to cross. He is not pos
itive whether the whole or part only of
the Mexican army attempted to recross
the Rio Grande.
The steamers Galveston and Augus
ta arrived at Brazos St. Jago on the 12th
and were discharging when the Col.
Harney left.
The men who had been landed from
the fleet were about returning on board
their respective vessels, their services
not being required.
The steam schr. Jas. Cage left Bra
zos St. Jago in company with the Col.
Harney with despatches for Galveston;
consequently, the next arrival to be
looked for will be the steamship Galves
ton. Correspondence of the Delta.
Point Isabel, 11th May, 181G.
You may be somewhat surprised to
hear from me from this point. How
ever, in a hurry as I am just now, I will
give you the particulars of a battle
fought on the 8th. The Mexican troops
fought well; that is to say, they were
not as easily whipped as anticipated.
They lost 200 men on the field that is,
killed and wounded, and Uncle Sam lost
60. The wounded are all here; and
there are three Mexican prisoners here
also wounded, but every attention paid
them as others.
Maj. Ringgold, of the 3d Artillery,
died here last night, from his wounds
received in the action.
An express came in last night from
Gen. Taylor's camp, by which we are
informed of another fight, in which
some of the U. States Dragoons have
distinguished themselves, and Capt. May
more particularly; he charged the Mexi
can Artillery and took 9 pieces of can
non, and GO prisoners, amongst whom
Gen. Ampudia figures. Some say they
have taken Arista, but not generally be
lieved. Major Ringgold, well known as the
commander of the Flying Artillery, also
died on the 11th, from wounds received
in the action of the 8trV
Capt. Page, who was wounded in the
same engagement, we are happy to
state, is rapidly recovering. Lieut. Lu
ther, also slightly wounded, is convales
cent. We have the following verbal intelli-i
gence from one of the dragoons of the
U. S. Army: ;
He states, that when. Gen. Taylor
came in sight of the enemy, their num
ber appeared so large that he exclaimed
"Friends, we must vanquish or die;"
saying which, he ordered the dragoons
to charge on the Mexican Artillery.
1 hey immediately obeyed their Com
mander's order, and made such an on
slaught on them, that they were com
pelled to abandon nine field pieces and
seek their safety in flight.
Excessive Politeness. Rowland
Hill was always annoyed when there
happened to be any more noise in the
chapel, or when anything occurred to di
vert the attention of his hearers from
what he was saying. On one occasion,
a few days before his death, he was
preaching to one of the most crowded
congregations that ever assembled to
hear him. -In the middle of his dis
course, he observed a commotion in the
gallery. For some time he took no
notice of it, but finding it increasing, he
paused m his sermon, and looking in
the direction in which the confusion
prevailed, he exclaimed "What's the
matter there? The devil seems to have
got among you." A plain country
looking man immediately started to his
feet, and addressing Mr. Hill in reply,
said "No, sir, it arn't the devil as is
doing it; it's a fat lady wot's fainted;
and she's a werry fat 'un, sir, as don't
6eem likely to come too again in a hur
ry." "Oh, that's it, is it?" observed
Mr. Hill, drawing his hand across his
chin; "then I beg the lady s pardon
and the devil's too."
Do not lie. Why do you lie? You
know you cannot pay that bill next
week, and yet you promise faithfully
that the debt shall be cancelled. When
you know that you are unable to meet a
demand, why don't you say so at once
and save the creditor the trouble of send
ing your bill week after week? An up
right & honest creditor will never push
a man, when he is satisfied it is not in
his power to pay; but when he has been
deceived and put to unnecessary trouble
on account of the falsehoods you have
uttered, he is very apt to be hard with
you. In future then, take up with our
advice, and never promise to settle a bill
unless yon are sure you will be able to
meet it promptly. I he man who puts
off and puts off the payment of a just
debt, "when he has faithfully promised
to settle it on certain days, will seldom
find a person to trust him again, and his
character suffers essentially. We know
persons are frequently disappointed; but
thi? is no excuse for the constant habit
of procrastination.
Law Terms and tlielr Defini
tions. 1 FROM THE TREASURY OF KNOWLEDGE.
Abatement, signifies quashing or beat
ing down, and is used in three senses:
the first is that of removing or abating a
nuisance; the second, the defeat of an
action for some defect in the procee
dings, as the misnaming of the parties,
the death of either of them before judg
ment, &c, the third, where the rightful
possession of the heir or devisee is de
feated by the intervention of a stranger.
Abduction. The taking away by
force or intimidation, of any person;
punishable with imprisonment, of great
er or less length, according to the cir
cumstances of the case.
Abeyance. That which is in expec
tation, and intendment of low. Thus
inheritance in lands is in abeyance, when
there is a limitation to several persons
and the survivor, and heirs of such sur
vivor, because it is uncertain who will
be survivor.
Action. A general name for the va
rious processes or forms of suit adopted
for the recovery of supposed rights, of
which there are three kinds: real action,
the mode of claiming lands, tenements,
rents, or commons. This action has
become nearly obsolete in England, and
in most of the United States has been
superseded by the action of trespass or
ejectment. Personal action, the form
by which a plaintiff claims debts or oth
er compensation for damage done to
.1 . 1 . - It K .
mem or uie person, luixea action. i
when the subject of the suit is parti;
real and partly personal; and is given b
the law for the recovery of the thing de
manded, and damages for wrongs done
Ad inquirendum. A judicial writ
commanding inquiry to be made of anjl
thing relating to a cause depending n
court; and is granted upon many occa
ii.v.uiiuii ui jujuut. - - aj'imscu ai uuee dollars anu
Administrator. He that has the hlly ccnts .And one red speckled cow four
goods of a person dying without a willye,a-Is 0,.d' W1h .ca!f. marked with crop,
of legal distribution. praised at fiye dollars. ' P
Ad quod damnum. A writ which One white and red soecktrl Sipp
smnq ini Ina nnttoi avamitmn C .'... rt
ought to be issued before the state grants"? by Mills Young. Said steer is marked
a J-J
certain franchises, which may bo nreiu-
.i:.:..i . .1 1 .1 1 J
uicjdi 10 uwiei- uurues; auu is, iiiereiore.r)pr,.(J;,,oK, : -" "" uianus
.1: .0.1 . rerceivable; appraised at th rteen dollars
directed to the sheriff, to inquire wha
damage the grant may do.
Mien. One born without the domains
of this country NOTICE, '
Jo uhene. lo convey the uroncrlvn sppnTrivn i .
m any uung to anouier. l i, vate etry, of lands in that portion of
Answer in chunemj. The construc-e Choctaw cession of 1830, included in
tion of the courts of equity pot admit-!16 Grmo-da district, in the State of Missis-
ting of viva-voce evidence, the proceed-'-'
ings are all conducted by written docu-T1eIand?,'nthe "(northwestern)
ments, of which the plaint is designated 'ffv,!? f Mississippi. lying in
the bill; the evidenctaken by fince
appointed for the purpose, the interrogate entry pursuant to public notice issued
lories; and the defence, answer. om this office by order of the President
Appeal, This is used in two senses: 1 the 23(1 f July,l83S,to await definite ac
lst, it signifies the removal of a cause ?n , Ind,!an c,.ai?s arisinS under the
from inferior court or judge ,o a, -f!ZZ
penor; 2d, in a criminal prosecution, it er the eighteenth day of May next
denotes an accusation bv ono nrivafe North of the base lint nnA .,,' .u-
'
subject against another for some heinous "ctaw meridian:
crime, demanding punishment on ac wnsniPs twenty and twenty-four, of
count of the particular injury suffered, rftno.lnc u..ant , .
In this latter sense It is obsolete. l ot ' Re Z ? ,went'-four ,
Appearance' to action. When a de- townships twenty to twenty-five inclu-'
fendant is served with a conv of. or nr.5. of Ranges three, four, five nnA -
rested on, any process out of the higherTownsrh'ls twen,y twenty-one and t wen
courts, he files common or enecial bail. lof seven. .
i , . i ,
which IS en flrmrr annnnrnnon '
emei un; appearance.
Arbitration. A mode of decidingTownships twenty, twenty-W and twen
matters in difference between parties bv,a of Ranee one.
the mediation and award of a third
son, murder to avoid legal expenses. v? . .
.r,(of . prisoner.) TheJ",
arraignment consists in reading the m-enty-nine, of Range five. Clsniana
dictment, and asking the prisoner wheth-rownships twenty-three and twenty.four.
er he is guilty or not guilty. 0 fractional townships twenty-six, twen
Arrest. A restraint of a man's per-peven a.nd twenty-eight, of Range six.
son, obliging him to be obedient to the nvl"fhjps, !wenty;!wo and twenty-three,
i j i i ,i y.t ' fractional townships twentv-four twen.
law; and may bo used in either civil orive, twenty-six ami twemy-selen ToT
criminal sense. hge seven. 1
Arrest of judgment. To move inhe part of fractional township twenty
arrest of judgment is to show cause whv,'sjfuatednorlnof'tne old Choctaw boun- '
judgment should be stayed, notwith - t
standing the verdict. .
Arson. Felonious houscbreakincr. !
Assault. An attempt or an offer.
wun iorce ana violence, touo a corporal
hurt to another.
Assignee. Generally, an assir'e is
one whom the law makes' so, without
any specific appointment; as, an execu
tor is the legal assignee of a testator.
Assignees by deed are so by special ap
pointment; as, when the lessee ot a term
or lease assigns the same toanother.that
other is his assignee. Assignees of
bankrupts are persons appointed for the
collection and legal distribution of the
effects belonging to bankrupts.
Assignment. Ihe transferring of
the interest a man hath in anything to
another.
Assumpsit. A voluntary promise,
by which a man assumes or takes upon
himself to perform or pay any thinj to
another. Jn every action upon assump
sit, there ought to be a consideration,
promise, and breach of promise.
Attachment. A process from a court
of record, awarded by the justices at
iheir discretion, on a bare suggestion, or
on their own knowledge; and is granted
in cases of contempts, against which all
courts of record may proceed in a sum
mary manner.
Attorney. A person appointed by
another to do any thing for him in his
absence.
: Attorney-general. An officer ap
pointed by the state to manage all suits.
Attorneys at law. Persons versed in
legal knowledge, who take upon them
the business of other men, by whom
they are retained.
Cleanliness. Cleanliness may be
defined to be the emblem of purity of
mind, and may be recommended under
the three following heads : as it is a mark
of politeness, as it produces affection,
and as it bears analogy to chastity of
sentiment.
First,it is a mark of politeness,for it is
universally agreed upon that no one un
adorned with this virtue, can go into
company without giving a manifold of
fence. The different nations of the
world are as much distinguished bv their
dark red cow, about eisrht vm nTHI
under her belly, and the points of her horns
sawed off, marked with a crop off the left
ear and three splits in the right, branded
on the left hip with a figure 8 ; appraised
at five dollars. One dark red yearling,
marked same as cow, no brands perceiva
ble, appraised at one dollar and fifty cents.
One dark red heifer, about three years old,
with some white under her belly, marked
samp nc tmtr 1 .1 1
' -WW, Ulttt OkCii
,n a cf0P and an nder half-crop off the
right ear and a snlit in fh inv u j-
ear and a split in the left, no brands
EtS
f April 16, 1846 i5ts g
w.mu mc ie-openinir. lor nn.
'inonTHoitne oase line andinfi
i...... ... iu WEST OI tne
nctam mprlMnn .
Per-rownships twenty-two and twenty-six. of
- lractional townships twen-
" -"". wngegM.
To Prc-Enaptors. " '
.'El7 .pe.rson m8 e right of ore.
to any of the lands withheld fVnm
.ivr.vrr-0- -fo rho ha5l hereto.
world. This n eeds no comments. Oh
that christians would learn to emulate
the eagle, and proudly, through the in
fluence of the Divine Spirit, trample
the world beneath their feet."
It is stated that the hon. Geo. P.
Marsh, member of Congress from Ver
mont, can read, speak and write nine
teen different languages.
Zeno, of all virtues, made his choice
of silence. A bad style is better than a
lewd story.
I; : - - ' -

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