tf V '-J Vl 1 if
m to &
BY GEORGE V. HARLOW,
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urday morning, at Two Dollurmyct annum,
invariably in advance. '
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Job work must be paid for on delivery.
Actor anil Uoosier.
"Once upon a time" not a long
time ago a peculiar comedian, of whom
nothing further need be said than that he
is fast losing his early pretensions to
shape and beauty, and that his name is
Torn Placide; once upon'a time and,
if there be any curiosity as to the spa
Bon, we might aa well say "during the
fair'- this wag of a fellow was descen
ding the Mississippi in line spirits and
a sporting coat. There were divers
queer characters on board the steamer,
with whom Tom, while amusing him
self with their peculiarities, Was with
al a great favorite, but none of them
"cotton'd" to him more kindly than an
elderly "Hoosier," from the innermost
depths of Indiana, and who was now
visiting New Orleans for the first time.
This russet looking antique, whether it
was from the comedian's sporting but
tons, or his habit of concluding contro
versy wiuV'Fll bet you,"&c.,fully made
up rns mind that I urn was a gentleman
sportsman,tmd whenever he saw a'small
game going on, he was careful in no
ting the skill and quality of the players,
gp "size of their pile," fcc, and bring
ing Tom the items. The "gentleman
sportsman was very much obliged, of
course, though he didn't exactly know
what to make of it; when, one day, the
confidential hoosier took him aside,
told him that there was a "smart chance
of a pile" on one of the tables, and
that if he liked, he (the hoosier) would
"go in with him in cahoot!" Tom
was very much amused at this, but told
his proposing partner that he was mis
taken that the fancy coat covered no
"sportsman" but a player.
"Swan to gracious!" exclaimed the
old contriver "one of them fellers that
tumbles! seen em, once, mor n half
naked cuttin' up down to Madison."
Tom didn't trouble himself much in
explaining the difference between a the
atrical show and a circus show, but told
the story of the cards, &c, about the
boat, and rendering the old fellow quite
an object of interest to the passengers.
Next to the card playing, the object of
anxiety to the Hoosier was a very large
and singularly shaped pine box, which
lay in the "Social Hall," containing
nothing moren or less than a big fiddle,
and which was owned by a very reser
ved and gloomy looking German, on his
Way south, professionally.
"Plus." said the Hoosier-he was
thrice familiar with Tom, after learning
that he belonged to a show-"what on
airth hev they got in that' box; its the
onhumanist shape I ever see in all crea
tion!" "Hush," said Tom, mysteriously;
don't you know?"
"No! I'm nigh'ly dead a guessin'."
"Bodies!" whispered the comedian,
with a strong expression or loathing.
l J?lr7j"of' .1,- ....... I -.1
fiini tvuucu me Bianicu en
quirer; "not ra'al human bodies!"
"Bodies!" repeated Tom, at the same
time applying his handkerchief to his
nose; "taking them down for dissection;
belong to a doctor on board." The
Hoosier turned away, opening his eyes
and shutting his. nose. At length he
enquired if they were "Niggers?"
White woman and two children,' was
the reply; 'one on each 6ide of her ac
counts for the shape of the box.' At
this moment the haggard unshaven vio
linist approached, and the thoroughly
'sawed' victim made way for him as if
he had been the cholera incarnate!
Goes about diggin,' on 'em up, does
he!" said he, between his teeth, and in
a suppressed voice, "why, it'll breed
pison!" and out he went to the 'guard'
to take a long breath.
Tom told this joke, also, among the
passengers, who carried it on, hig hly
amused; making wide circuits whenever
they had to approach the box.using their
handkerchiefs, and expressing much in
dignation at the captain for permitting that
description of freight to be brought un
der the noses of his passengers. Some
talked of leaving the boat, and others of
lynching the doctor, till at length the
captain, who had also been put upon
the fun, approached the crowd then
gathered ahout the bar.
'Phew!' sniffled the- captain, 'it's
very warm in here, gentlemen, phew'
aim ne nulled out ins handkerchief.
'Gentlemen, isn't there something very
unpleasant aDout here; '
'Pretends not to know what it is!'
muttered the Hoosier aside.
Barkeeper,' continued the captain.
wuai me ueuce is it pnew so queer
U. aV. - -I - - 1
'Reckon you don't know!' exclaimed
the Hoosier, stepping forward, and al
most quivering with indignation.
'Know! certainly not, said the cap
'Wall, you've got that box too aear
the stove, mat s ait:
A perfect scream of laughter rather
stumped the old fellow; but a removal of
the 'lid of the coffin' was necessary be
fore he could be convinced that the body,
nueeu, was only that of 'Old Kosm the
Bow.' Tie paid 'the liauors' willin?lv.
cussm his old cat' lor not rememberin'
that 'Plas.' was one f the show-folk
varmints!' St. Louis Revaillc.
From the Nashville Orthopolitan.
lien. Zaeiiary Taylor,
The Commander of the Army of Oc
Recent events have thrown this gen
tleman so prominently before the pub
lie, that we feel disposed to gratify the
the strong desire, expressed by many,
by giving some of the incidents of his
li ffl 1 . t .1
uen. i ayior .entereu me army in
1808,immediately after the attack on the
Chesapeake, and has been in the service
of his country, from that time, to the
present; having entered the army as a
lieutenant of infantry.at the beginning of
the last war.
For his gallant defence of Fort liar
rison,on the 5th September, 1812, Pres
ident Madison conferred upon him the
brevet rank of Major, and he is now the
oldest brevet in the army.
In 1832, he became the Colonel of
the 6th Infantry; with this regiment he
went to Florida in 1836, where he was
always foremost in danger.
On the 25th December, 1830, Col.
Taylor at the head of a detachment of
about 500 men, composed of parts of 1st,
4th and Gth regiments of U. S. Infantry,
and some Missouri volunteers, met a-
bout 700 Indians, under Alligator, Sam
Jones and Coacoo-che, on the banks of
the O-ke-cho-bee. This battle was
sought by the Indians, for the day be
fore the engagement Col. Taylor re
ceived a challenge from Alligator, telling
him where to find him, and bantering
turn to come on. Uol. J ayior desired
nothing better, and immediately pushed
on at rapid march to the expected battle
ground, fearful that the wiley Indian
might change his purpose. The Indi
ans had a . strong position in a thick
swamp, .covered in lront by a small
stream, whose quick-sands rendered it
almost impassible, but Col. T. pushed
tnrougn tne quicksands and swamps in
the face of a deadly fire from a conceal-
ed foe, driving the Indians before him.
I he action was long and severe. The
Indians yielding the ground inch by
inch, and then only at the point of the
bayonet. After three hours of bloody
coniesi, me inuians were routed and
pursued with great slaughter, until night.
'nu: 1--. .1 t ! e
una waa ui lasi Bianu me inuians ever
made in a lanrn hndv. ami Om nnlv
stance in which they voluntarily gave
p. - J m Ulll J ill' I
battle. Though Col. Taylor won the
day, it was at an expense of 139 killed
and woundedmore than one-fourth of
his whole force. Two colonels (Col.
Thompson of the 5th Infantry, and
Col. Gentry of the Missouri volunteers)
fell at the head of the troops. Cant.
Van Swearingen and Lieutenants Brooke
and Carter, also fell in the engagement.
During the whole of the engagement,
Ur . I nvlnr rrmninM nn hnr hn..h
water fame umwtrtth to facr, jw the heart of
KOSCIUSKO, JII., THURSDAY, JLWE 1, I81C.
passing from point to point, cheering
his men to the conflict, and exposed to
the Indian rifle at every moment. The
spirit with which the commander and all
his force entered into the conflict was
exhibited in some verses written on the
occasion, by a soldier.
"There's battle in 5-011 hammock black,
There's lightning in yon cloud,
Hark! hark! to the music, comrades dear,
for ihe Indian yell is Jouo;
For the Indian yell is loud, my boys,
And the rifle's flash is free;
But the field of battle is o ir home,
And haypy, happy men7 are we;
And happy menarewe," &c.
For this battle, Mr. Poinsett, Secre
tary of War, rendered merited praise to
all engaged, in his communication to
Congress. The brevet of Brigadier
General was conferred on Col. Taylor
and he was given the chief command in
Florida; which he resigned in 1840, af
ter four or five years arduous and inde
fatigable service in the swamps and ham
mocks of Florida.
After his retirement from Florida, he
was assigned to the command of the 1st
Department of the Army, including- the
States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Ala
bama, (fee, with his head quartets at
rort Jesup, Louisiana.
Tiis position gave him the command
of the'Army of Occupation. The usaire
ol tn.e service would have lustified the
n - . ., .
uovernmem in assigning to mat com
mand either of the six general officers
of the Regular Army, whose rank is
higher than his.
Lut it may be fairly presumed that
the character, gallant services and great
experience ot Uen. P., aside from his
geographical position, pointed him out,
as the appropriate commander of an ar
my, which was to plant our flag upon
the banks of the Rio del Norte.
Gen. Taylor is about 50 years of
age; is a man of much general informa
tion, an excellent and tried soldier; a
prudent and skilful commander, whose
trait? of character are, a " wise prccau-j
tion in providing for the hour of trial,
and a fearless, reckless courage in bat-1
He is a Kenttickian bv birth, and all
tint that word implies, He is an Amer
ican in heart, and stamped with all the
elements of a hero, by nature.
Under his command the flag of the
Union will receive no dishonor on the
banks of the Rio Grande.
A Giant Chain or ISaili oad.
A bill has been ordered to a third
reading in the U. S. Senate to aid the
State of Mississippi in the construction
oi a rail road from Jackson, through
Brandon, on the western boundary of
Alabama. As it has received the sup
port of all parties, without reference to
locality or politics, and was passed to the
third reading yeas 28, navs 8 we
presume there can be no doubt of its
finally becoming a law. The aid is to
De given by the grant of alternate sec
tions of the public land along the pro-
PsetI.road- VVe e Phased to see that
. w I
there is a prospect,
amounting almost to
a certainty, ol tne passage ot tins bill.
The rail road is a link of the great
chain between Charleston and Vicks
burg, and when completed, the commu
nication from Portland, in Maine, to
Vicksburg will be entire, with a few
trifling exceptions. It will be one of
the noblest thoroughfares in the world,
and a means of consolidating our Un-
and bringing its opposite extremes
into closer fellowship, will havo an im
portant political and social influence.
It will be the means, too, of adding to
the value of parts of the chain ol road
nw Cached and comparatively useless.
Thus, with a terminus on the Mississip
pi river, the Vicksburg rail road will
soon become of great importance al the
southern link of the giant chain, which,
running through Mississippi, Alabama,
and the Carolinas, will ascend along the
A tlantit seaboard through Portland, and
eventual v to CnnaHnf
' 1 ; - .
A California Farmer.- A gentle-
man writing from California, to the ed
ttorof the St, Louis Reveille, remarks
that his btock consists ofabout 4,000 head
of xen, 1700 horses and mules, 3,000
sheep, and as many hogs, and all pas
ture themselves without difficulty, and
on'y require to be attended. This ho
l,a8 done by four hundred Indians, His
annual crop of wheat is about twelve
inOUSanU DUSlie 9
man to man."
From the N. O. Bulletin.
Congress. - "". '
1 he Senate took up the bill for the
prosecution of the war with Mexico,
on Thursday, the 12th instant, and, af
ter a long and interesting debate, passed
it, with some trifling amendments. On
the evening of the same day, the House
received the bill from the Senate, and
concurred in all its amendments. The
amendments, as made by the Senate,
are unimportant. They strike out the
provision requiring the officers ' com
manding the volunteers to be chosen by
the Senate. They also reduce the pay
of the private soldier to eight dollars per
On the same day, the House took up
and passed, with a slight amendment,
the bill from the Senate, providing for
mo organization ot corps of sappers,
miners, and politoniers. A part of the
day was also spent in discussing the
West Point Academy bill.
The bill for prosecuting the war with
Mexico passed the Senate by the follow
YEAS -Messrs. Allen, Archer, Ash
ley, Atchison, Atherton, Bagby, Barrow,
Benton, Breese.Bright, Cameron, Cass,
John M. Clayton, Colquitt, Corwiri,
Jarnagin, Jenness, Johnson, of Mary
land, Johnson, of Louisana, Lewis,
McDuffie, Mangum, Morehead, Niles,
Pennybacker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier,
Simmons, Speight, Sturgeon, Turney,
Upham, Westcott, Woodbridge, and
NAYS- Messrs. Thomas Clayton,
and Davis 2.
Senators Berrien, Calhoun and
Evans, being in their seats, did not
vote. The other members whose names
are not recorded above, were absent.
When Mr. Crittenden's name was
called, he voted "av.except the pream-
C 1 .1:1 'iT- IT l
uiu. tou uisu uiti iur. upham.
The following is the b'ill as it has
been agreed upon in the two House's.
AN A (IT lynviilinff ,fnr lha uuuun.
tion of the existing war between the
United States and the Republic of
Whereas, by the act of the Republic
01 Mexico, a stale ol war exists between
that government and the United States
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled,
I hat, for the purpose of enabling the
Government of the United States to
prosecute said war to a speedy and sue
cessful termination, the President be,and
he is hereby authorised, to employ the
militia, naval, and military force, of the
United States, and to call for and accept
trie service ot any number of volun
teers, not exceeding fifty-thousand, who
may offer their services, cither as ca
valry, artillery, or riflemen, to serve
twelvemonths after they shall have ar
rived at the place of rendezvous, or to
the end of the war, unless sooner dis
charged, according to the time for which
they shall have been mustered into ser
vice, and that the sum of ten millions
of dollars be and the same is hereby
appropriated out of any money in the
Treasury, or to come into the Treasury,
not otherwise'appropriated, for the pur
pose of carrying the provisions of this
act into effect.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted.
That the militia, when called into ser
vice of the United States, by virtue of
this act, or any other act, may, if in the
opinion ol the President of the United
States tho public interest requires" it, be
compelled to serve for a term not exceed
ing six months after their arrival at the
place of rendezvous, in any one year,
unless sooner discharged.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted,
That the said volunteers shall furnish
their own clothes, and, if cavalry, their
own horses and horse equipments; and,
when mustered into service, shall be
armed at tlfb expense of the United
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted,
That said volunteers when called into
actual service, and while
therein, shall bo subject
and articles of war, and
to the rules
6hall be, in
all respects, except as
and pay, placed on the
with similar corps of
States army; and in lieu
every non-commissioned officer and pri
vate in any company who may thus of
fer himself, shall bo entitled, when cal
led into actual sen ice.to receive in mon
ey a sum equal to the cost of clothin
of a non-commipsioned officer or
EDITOR 4- PROPRIETOR
vate (as the case may be) in the regular
troops of die United States.
bee. 5. And be it further enacted
That the said volunteers so 'offering;
their services shall be accepted bv the
President in companies.battalions.squad
rons.and regiments, whose officers shall
be appointed in the manner prescribed by
law in the several States and territories
to which such companies, battalions,
squadrons and regiments shall respec
Sec. G. And be it further enacted,
That the President of the United States
be, and he is hereby authorised to or
ganize companies, so tendering their
services, into battalions or squadrons:
battalions or squadrons into regiments;
regiments into brigades, and brigades
into divisions, as soon as the num
ber of volunteers sholl render such or
ganization in his judgment expedient;
and the President shall, if necessary,
apportion the staff, field and general o'f-
ficers among the respective States and
Territories from which the volunteers
shall tender their services, as he may
r Sec. 7. And be it further enacted,
That the volunteers who may be receiv
ed into the service of the United Stales
by virtue of the provisions of this act,
who shall be wounded or orthervvise dis
abled in service, shall be entitled to all
the benefits which may be conferred on
persons wounded in the service of the
United States. 0
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted.
That the President of the United Slates
be and he is hereby authorised forth
with to complete all the public armed
vessels, now authorised by law, and to
purchase or charter, arm, and equip, and
man such merchant vessels and steam
boats as upon examination mav be found
fit or easily convened into armed vessels,
fit for the public service, and in such
numbers as he may deem necessary for
the protection of the seaboard,lake-co3St,
and the general defence of the country.
- ox. t. Awa uo n TuiUier' enaexcu,
That, whenever the militia or volunteers
are called and received into the service
of the United States, under the provi
sions of this act, they shall have the
organization of the army of the United
States, and shall have the same pay and
allowances, and all mounted privates,
non-commissioned officers, musicians
and artificers, shall be allowed 40 cents
per day for the use and risk of their
horses, except of horses actually killed
in action; and if any mounted volunteer
non-commissioned officer, musician or
private, shall not keep himself provided
with a serviceable horse, said volun
teers shall serve on foot.
Ity the President of Ihe United
States of America.
Whereas the Congress of the United
States, by virtue of the constitutional
authority vested in them, have declared
by their act, bearing date this dav. that.
by the act of the Republic of Mexico,
a state of war exists between that Gov
ernment and the United States:"
Now, therefore, I, JAMES K.
POLK, President of the United States
of America, do hereby proclaim the
same to all whom it may concern; and
I do specially enjoin on all persona
holding offices, civil or military, under
the authority of the United States, that
they be vigilant and zealous in discharg
ing the duties respectively incident
thereto: and I do, moreover, exhort all
the good people of the United States,
as they love their countty, as they
feel tho wrongs which have forced on
them the last resort of injured nations,
and as they consult the best means, un
der the blessings of Divine Providence,
of abridging its calamities, that they ex
ert themselves in preserving order, in
promoting concord, in maintaining the
authority and the efficacy of thetaws,
and in supporting and invigorating all
the measures which may be adopted by
the 'constituted authorities for obtainiuf
a speedy ,a just, and an honorable peace".
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto
set my hand, and caused the seal
of the United States to be affixed
to these presents. Done at the ci
l. s. ty of Washington, the thirteenth
day of May, one thousand eight
hundred and forty-six, and of the
independence of the United"
States the seventieth.
JAMES K. rOHL,
By tho President: ' 4
J. Buchanan, Secretary of Stati . "
tal 1 ? H Art.
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