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Kosciusko chronicle. [volume] (Kosciusko, Miss.) 1846-1872, June 25, 1846, Image 1

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BY GEORGE W. HARLOW,
A in water face annuyeth to ftct, to the heart of man to man."
EDITOR PROPRIETOR
VOLUME I.
KOSCIUSKO, MI.,-TMtVR8MMY JUE 25, 181.
JVUJIBER 35,
TERMS.
The Kosciusko Chronicle is published
every Thursday morning, at Two Dollars
per annum, invariably in advance.
Advertisements will be inserted at the
following rates, to wit: For every six lines
ft less, first insertion, fifty cents; and for
' each subsequent insertion, twenty-five
cents, payable in advance, or upon first in
sertion. Standing advertisements, every six lines
or less, will be inserted as follows:
Three months $3 00
Six months 5 00
One year 8 00
Advertisements not marked with the
number of insertions, will be continued
until forbid, and charged accordingly.
Announcing candidates for office, five
dollars, payable in advance.
Any person who will procure us five
subscribers, and forward the amount ($10)
shall be entitled to a sixth copy gratis.
Letters on business with the office, to
ensure attention, must be post paid or free.
Money may be sent by mail at our risk,
if a receipt is first taken from, the post
master. Job work must be paid for on delivery.
Unbind this Wreath.
BT E. J. C. KEWEN.
Unbind this wreath .upon my brow
Whence Hope and Joy have fled;
This garland ill beseems me now
My thoughts are with the dead. '
They linger o'er the grave where sleeps
The loved of other days ;
And oh, the heart in sadness weeps
For hope's departed rays. j
Take back take back the worthless prize
That lured my parent's will ;
I cannot wed in joy's disguise
When griefs my bosom fill.
This gaudy wreath would fairer bloom .
On Hope's young spotless brow;
On mine, alas ! there is a gloom ;
That dims its cheerful glow.
Unbind this wreath ! I will not wear
The joy I do not feel;
These bridal robes bedeck despaii
Whose wounds they cannot heal.
Oh, what is gold? that life should give
Its memory of years,
And force the broken heart to live
In wretchedness ad tears.
Remember you mmt Die.
When Joy's bright sun is shining
Along the flowery way,
And Pleasure wreaths is twining
That bloom but to decay
When life's delicious morning
Beams o er the unclouded SKy,
fiad comes the mournful warning,
"Remember you must die !"
When clouds are lowering o'er us,
And sorrow rends the breast,
And all is gloom before us,
No home where on to rest
Welcome as dews of even
Beneath a torrid sky,
Whispers a voice from Heaven,
"Remember iou must die."
Cincinnati Casket.
Castle of San Juan de Ulloa. The
first object that strikes the eye, in ap
proaching Vera Cruz by water, is the
Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, with the
spires and domes of the Churches peer
in? up in the distance behind it. It
stands alone upon a small rocky island,
on one side of the main entrance to the
harbor, and only about a half a mile from
the wall of the city, and consequently
has complete command of the port.
The entrance on the other side, is so bar
red with broken reefs and ledges, that
it can only be used by small crafts in fa
vorable weather.
The castle is circular and strongly
built, and heavily mounted. Its princi
pal strength, however, is in its position,
inaccessible, except by water, its guns
pointing every way, leaving no side
open to the attack of an enemy.
The form of the city of Vera Cruz is
semicircular, fronting the sea. It is sit
uated on an arid plain, surrounded by
sand hills, and is badly supplied with
water, the chief reliance being upon
rain collected in cisterns, which are so
fioorly constructed as to answer but very
ittle purpose. The chief resource of
the lower classes, is the water of a ditch,
so impure as to frequently occasion dis
ease. An attempt was made, more than
a century ago, to remedy this evil, by the
construction of a stone aqueduct from
the Xamapa; but, unfortunately after a
very large sum had been expended on
the work, it was discovered that the en
gineer who constructed it had made a
fatal mistake, in not ascertaining the
true level, and the work was abandoned
in despair. Norman's Rambles. ,
A pert stripling once asked an old
gentleman which was the right road to
the state prison. 'The one you travel
every day,' replied the latter.
tuo Dying Man and the Fenl
tent Thief.
A queer old humorist lived in a queer
old cottage on the outskirts of our vu
age. Ho had travelled much in the
east, and had made money as a merchant
at brayrna. Being a native of our par
ish, and a bachelor, he came to close his
mortal chapter where it begun. I need
scarcely say that, like so manv of his
class, he was fidgetty and iroublesome
but a lover of fair play with all, warm
hearted and benevolent. At bottom
too, he was thoroughly a relieious man
He and I were getting on uncommonly
wen togetner wnen greatly to my sor
row, he took ill and. died, only a few
months after we had become acquainted
An odd incident befel him on his death
bed, and I must relate it as illustrative to
his character.
A thief made his way into his cottage
one midnight and entered his dying
chamber to steal lor he was counted
rich as a nabob. There was a light bur
ning in the room.
vnai uo you want, iricncu ' was
the testy demand of our disturbed odd
gentleman.
i our money or your jewels', said
the thief.
un: you are mere are youf very
well. Just look at those poor old legs
of mine, (thrusting out his emaciated
members from beneath the bed clothes.)
Nay, lay hold of them feel them so
you must be perfectly convinced in your
own mind, now, that I cannot go into
the next apartment where my money is.
Come, then take me on your back and
carry me where it is.
Saying this, the old chap, dying
though he was, actually rose and got
outot bed. 1 he thief drew back with
a look of ghastly surprise.
"Hark ye! son of woman born,"
continued the old gentleman, emphati
cally, as he sat down on the front of the
bed and raised his fore-finger with war
ning solemnity: "I am far on my way
to eternity, and you are coming on be
hind me. You are here to steal certain
trash of mine. Come, now, you must
do better than that; draw near. Here is
this bad old heart of mine. Stand
forward. Keach me now your thievish
hand into this inveterate bosom of mine.
Uh! do but steal rob plunder lrom it
covetousness, lust, anger, and every
other lingering bad passion, and send
me lighter on my way. Oh! do this, and
you shall have all my gold. You shake
your head. You cannot? Here, then,
friend- I am anything bu heavy; you
must take me on your back."
The thief could not stand this. He
fell on his knees, and begged the old
man's forgiveness.
"Are you really in want: asked the
eccentric invalid.
'I am," was the reply, "but I deserve
to be so, for I have been dissipated and
idle; but, God help me! I thin!; I am
changed man.
Take this key, then, said our dying
friend, "open my desk in the next room
there (pointing to the door) you will
find a purse of Gold in it bring it to
me."
The thief did so.
"Take that," said the worthy humor
ist, and he served out his gold liberally
into the thief's trembling hand.
With tears in his eyes the poor peni
tent again fell on his knees, and craved
a blessing of the dying man, He was
about to retire.
"Nay, friend., you must help me into
bed first," said the old gentleman; "it is
anything but reasonable that I should be
raised ud at midnight in this sort of
m mner. You will be nothing the
worse for having felt the weight and
worth of an armful of poor sinful, dying
clay. It will help you to keep in mind
your good resolutions. Christ be with
you! In his own gracious words : Go
and sin no more." The Old Bakhelor
in the Old Scottish Village.
An editor in I'linois is in rapture be-
. i t t i
cause trie laaies nave aiscarueu corsets.
In announcing the fact he thus breaks
forth:
Sound the loud trumpet o'er valley
and sea.
The tapestrings are broken and wo
men are free.
Tom where can I find the poor house?
I should like to see it.' 'My dear friend,
continue in your present course a short
timo longer and you will not need to ask
the question.'
To all Resident Head of Fami
lies of the varliiu Townships
In the county of Attala.
You will perceive that a law far estab
lishing Common Schools in the various
Townships, was passd by the last Leg
islature. I
The act requires that
majority of
the resident heads cf families in vour
Township must sigr.ify their consent to
be taxed, by filing with the Board of
Police for record a petition signed by
a majority of the said resident heads of
families, before such Tax can be raised,
which cannot exceed ymr State tax.
The interest on the principal of the 16th
Section and your patof Fines.Licenses,
&c, is to constitute the fund for the said
object. You thussee it is necessary for
each of you to ac by filing your con
sent to be Taxed to keep uo a school
it
or schools a part or the whole year,
as the funds will justify, without paying
any Tuition.more than your Tax, for any
or all of your childrcns' going to School.
you are requested to act, and to act
promptly, in the matter. Or if you are
opposed to be Taxed, you are likewise
requested to file your protest against the
aw with the Board of Police, by a ma
jority of the resident heads of families
signing a protest and filing the same.
As it is not pointed out whose duty it
is to carry around these petitions we
suggest that some citizens of each Town
ship take the responsibility upon them
selves and get the coasenj or rejection"
of the law, and present itio trfeuoard
of Police on the first Monday of Septem
ber next, so that the Commissioners may
discharge their duty in carrying out the
object of the Legislature (and agreeable
to the wishes of the community) either
to have or not to have a Common School
in each Township in the county of Atta
a. The law as passed is published for
your consideration and action.
By order of the Board.
JAMES LOUGHHIDGE.Sec'y.
Common Schools.
An Act to establish a system of Com
mon schools, ana for other purposes
Section 1 . Be it enacted by the Leg
islature of th e State of 3Jismsippi,Thai
tie boards ol county police in their re-
pective counties, stall appoint a board
of school commissioners to consist of five
members.one of whom shall reside in each
police district; said commissioners shall
hold their omces tor one year, and all va
cancies in said board of school commis
sioners, shall be filled by the boards
of police.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That
said boards ol school commissioners shall
meet at the court houses of their respec
tive counties, on the first Monday in
June next, and quarterly thereafter, and
organize, by electing from their own
number a president and secretary, and
at any regular meeting may adopt such
rules and regulations as may be neces
sary to carry out the object ol their ap
pointment, not inconsistent with the con
stitution and laws of this Slate.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That
said boards of school commissioners
shall designate what schools shall be
deemed common schools, and shall have
the general superintendence of the same.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That
said boards of school commissioners
shall license such teachers as they may
think qualified to teach the various
branches of an English education in said
common schools.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That
any teacher who may have received a
license from the board of school com
missioners of the county in which his
school is located, shall be entitled to re
ceive from the school fund of said county
such sum of money,as shall have been
agreed on between himself and the said
board of commissioners;, and the board
of police of said county are hereby au
thorized and required to order payment
of the same, upon the presentation to
the board of police of said county, of a
certificate from the board of school com
missioners that such teacher has been
duly licensed, and has taught a common
school, stating by dates, for what time and
to what amount such teacher is entitled.
Sec. 6. Be it f urther enacted, That
the boards of Police of the respective
counties, are hereby authorized and em
powered to levy a special tax, not ex
ceeding the State lax, for common school
purposes: Provided, the consent of a
majority of the resident heads of families
in each township, shall be filed in wri
ting ariu" recorded on the minutes of said
board, before such tax shall be levied on
the inhabitants of any such township.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That
all escheats and all fines, forfeitures and
amercements hereafter decreed, ordered,
or adjudged, by any court in this State,
and all monies arising from licenses gran
ted to hawkers and pedlars, keepers of
billiard tables, retailers of vinous and
spirituous liquors, and brokers, shall be
paid to the treasurer of the county in
which the same may be collected, and
together with the special tax authorized
by this act, shall constitute the school
fund of the respective counties, and be
paid out under the direction of the re
spective boards of school commission
ers : Provided, that the cities of Natch
ez, Vicksburg and Yazoo City, are ex
cepted from the operation of this section,
so far as it relates to fines, forfeitures
and amercements for selling vinous and
spirituous liquors and licenses for retail
ing the same.
Sec. 8. Beit further enacted, That
the county treasurers of the several
counties be,and are hereby made ex
officio treasurers of the school fund of
their respective counties, and shall give
bond to the president of the board of
police ofsaid counties, with good and
sufficient security, to be approved by
said board, in a sum prescribed by said
board, conditioned that such treasurers
shalf. safely k'eep all monies, bonds,
notes, books and papers, that may come
into their hands by virtue of their office,
and that they will, in all things pertain
ing to said office, discharge their duty
faithfully according to law.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That
all monies and all bonds, promissory
otens, and ulher obligations antmig Horn
the If aoiug of sixteenth soeUonr rcsor
ved for the use of schools, or from Joans
of money arising from said leasing, and
all other papers connected with the six
teenth sections in the several counties in
this State, shall be delivered to the boards
of school commissioners of the respec
tive counties, upon their requisition, by
the trustees of school lands in said coun
ties, or other persons having the same
in possession, and shall be delivered to
the treasurer of the school fund, by said
board of school commissioners.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That
the several boards of school commission
ers,, in those counties where the six
teenth sections have been reserved from
sale, shall see that said sixteenths are
leased, as now directed by law, and that
all monies due from the lease of said
sixteenth sections, are collected or se
cured.
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, That
hereafter all bonds, promissory notes,
and other obligations given for school
funds, or for the payment of monies due
by renewal or loan from leasing of any
sixteenth section, shall be made payable
to the treasurer of the proper county,
and his successors in office ; and all suits
n it .
or actions, lor or on account or the
school fund, or connected with the six
teenth sections reserved for the use of
schools, shall be commenced and prose
cuted in the name of the county treasur
er of the proper county; and in case of
his death, removal, or resignation, such
suits or actions shall be revived in the
name of his successor in office; and all
bonds, bills, promissory notes, or other
evidences of debt heretofore or hereafter
executed, where the consideration has
arisen from school fund9, or from the
leasing of any sixteenth sections, shall
be received in evidence in such suits or
actions, and no exceptions to the form
of such bonds, bills, promissory notes, or
other evidences of debt, shall be taken
or sustained, whether the same be paya
ble to such treasurer or not.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That
the treasurers aforesaid, shall open a
separate account with each township in
their respective counties, and credit each
township with the principal and interest
arising from the leasing of the sixteenth
section lying in said township, which
principal shall remain a permnnent fund,
to be placed at interest, and the interest
shall be appropriated by the boards of
school commissioners, to the education
in said common schools, of the children
residing in the township in which the
sixteenth section may lie, from which
the baid principal and interest shall have
arisen : Provided that any township
may be exempted from the provisions of
this act, by a majority of the heads of
families filing their protest with the clerk
of the board of police in their respective
counties, on or, before the first of March
in each and every year; which protest
being so filed, shall entitle the board of
trustees of said township, to control and
manage the funds arising from the lease
of the sixteenth section in said town
ship, as is already provided by the
laws heretofore existing in "relation to
sixteenth sections.
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That
said treasurers shall loan out all monies
belonging to said school fund, not appro
priated by the school commissioners
for such time, and for such security, as
said commissioners may direct and ap
prove. Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That
said school commissioners and said treas
urers shall not themselves, either direct
ly or indirectly, be the borrowers of any
monies belonging to said school fund,
and shall receive such compensation for
their services as the boards of police of
their respective counties may order and
allow, to bo paid out of the school fund.
Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That
the boards of school commissioners
shall report semi-annually, in June and
December, to the Secretary of the State,
the situation of schools and school funds,
the number of scholars attending school,
the number of teachers, and amount paid
to teachers out of the 16th section fund,
the school fund, and by private individu
als, in their respective counties.
Sec. 16. Be it further enacted, That
the Secretary of State shall be ex-officio
General School Commissioner of this
State, and shall file in his office all re
turns of school commissioners, and re
gister the same in well bound books, to
be procured and kept for the purpose,
and semi-annually, in July and January,
cause to be published an abstract from
said rogiBior, ehowing the number of
scholars attending school, the number
of teachers, the amount paid to teachers
out of the sixteenth section fund, the
school fund, and by private individuals,
and furnish each board of school com
missioners with a copy of said abstract;
and to enable him to receive correct in
formation, he shall cause each board of
commissioners to be furnished with sui
table blanks, to be by them filled up and
returned to him ; and the duties required
of the Secretary of State, under the pro
visions of this section of this act, shall
be performed under the superintendance
and direction of the Governor.
Sec. 17. Be it further enacted. That
the Auditor of Public Accounts, on the
certificate of the Governor, is hereby
required to audit and allow the accounts
for books, stationary, and blanks, order
ed by the Secretary of State, under the
provisions of this act, not exceeding five
hundred dollars annually; and also to
audit and allow said Secretary, for the
services required by this act, the sum of
five hundred dollars per annum, or at
that rate, to be paid out of any monies
in the treasury not otherwise appropri
ted: Provided, that the township in
which the town of Columbus.in Lowndes
county, is situated, be, and is hereby
excepted out of the provisions of the
above recited act.
Sec. 18. Be it further enacted,Thnt
this act shall take effect and be of force
from and after its passage; and that all
acts or parts of acts conflicting with the
provisions of this act, be and the same
are hereby repealed.
JAMES WHITFIELD,
Speaker of the House of
Representatives.
GEO. T. SWANN,
President of the Senate.
A. G. Brown.
Approved March 4th, 1846.
Musketoes Good if true. Parley's
Magazine contains the following "To
get rid of these tormentors, take a few
hot coals on a shovel or a chafing dish,
and burn upon them some brown sugar
in your bed room and parlors, and you
effectually vanish or destroy every mus
keto for the night.
Census of Boston. The population
of the city in 1845, was 114,366. The
increase since 1840 is 20,366, or 35 per
cent, being an annual increase of 7 per
cent.
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