Newspaper Page Text
iHMtaiiflftV II IIM l jU. 5. rr. 7i?.uiau), cuter. TIiiimmIuj, June J5, tHUl. .1 , Fuihth c r Jilt. Hy rcfcMnce t the pro. c ceilings of a pub ic niectin, in another column, it will be seen that there is to le a celebration of the Birth Pay of our .Nation al Independence in this place. Zachiht Tatioh Since the War De partment have determined to prevent the hero of Lundy's Lane from winning new !au rels in Mexico.for fear they might carry more weight in 1819, suppose the whips should run old Rough aud Keady. His exploits will be fresh in the minds of the people, and hi military rant being higher than that ofColPolK, there can be no possible doubt of success. It will be just as easy for Gen Taylor to sew up Col Pols, Col Benton, or any other Colonel, or even General, whom the Democrats can start, in 1818, as it was for him to sew up Gens. Ampudia and Ar rista. A stitch in time saves nine . New Hampshire, The Legislature met on the 3d June, and organized John p Ha'e (ind dem.) was elected Speaker of the House, receivine 139 votes a rainst 118 for his opponent, Samuel Swasey, (dem .) The vierk ana assistant Cleric are of the same party. ' Tha Vacancies in the Senate were all filled with Whigs or independents. On the 5th Anthony Colby, (whig,) having previously been elected by the Legislature, was duly installed in the office of Governor. This is the first whig Governor New Hamp shire has had in an age; but now she has got in the way of it we hope she will con tinue the practice. The whigs and inde pendent democrat, (or Ilaleites) acted in concert in the above elections. An U S Senator is to be elected at this session of the Legislature. John P. Hale is the most prominent man for that office. Mississippi Regiment. The Regiment of Volunteers required from this State was completed on the 16th inst all mustered into service and there were two compa nies (one from Natchez and one from Pon tatoc) then in Vicksburjr over and a6ove the compliment; and there are fully twenty more in different parts of the State all erger for theray. So far as we have been ab'e to gather, the Regiment is composed of the following companies, viz; 1 Vicksburg Southrons, Capt. Willis, 2 State Fencibles, McManus, 3 Yazoo Volunteers, Sharpe, 4 Carroll Volunteers, Howard, 5 Raymond Fencibles, Downing, 6 Vicksburg Volunteers, Crump, 7 Woodvilie Volunteers, Cooper, 8 Marshall Volunteers, Bradford, 9 Lafayette Guards, (Delay, 10 Tombigbee Volunteers, McClung. The Regiment were to elect officers on the 18th, and to start for the Rio Grande on the 19th instant. ! Tin duj Laid 1 1 una IMiopr. in luil til' flic IIHh inl:t. Tlie iManiHliip lliSmtiu arrived at ISos ton on the li inst., after a pa.ige of i ly 13 day. The intelligence reenved by her is of considerable inipottanee. The price of coiton did not vary much faun tho I an I advices, tdlhougli tliB demand hJ oinowlut abated, and on the IStli the market closed heavily. There appears to he an evident desire on the pan of Ureal Hritain to settle the Oregon question in the most amicable manner. The tone of the Notice Reso lutions, as they passed the Senate, is deemed of a very favorable character.- The question was incidentally brought up in the House of Commons on the 15th ult., and both Lord John ltusscll and Sir Hubert Peel referred to it in conciliatory terms. It is believed that positive instructions have come out in the Hibernia, to Mr. Pakenham, to settle the matter at once, and negotiation will probably be imme diately renewed in Washington. The third reading of the Corn bill has at length passed the House of Com mons by the largest majority which it has yet commanded 98. Among the passengers by the Hiber nia was Mr. W. W. Messer-hfinrer nf despatches from the Court of St. James. The impudent proposition of ihe Mexican Government created a stor.ny time among the bondholders. Paredes' agent demanded a new loan of two mil. lions, and proposed to consolidate the old debt at a discount of 00 per cent. The Liverpool Times mentions that reports are in circulation of the intended resignation of Sir Robert Peel. The London Times of the 15th ult., says : 2 sergeants, 2 torporals, 2 bom bardiers and 20 jrunners and drivers nf the Royal Artillery volunteers, were se lected yesterday afternoon and medical- iy inspected at tne Uruoance llosn m . at Woolwich, for special service on the borders of the Oregon territory, and will proceed about the latter end ofMhe pres ent month or beginning of June, for their destination, under the command of Pant W'i!.- uri-wwl nn.,.-.An.l wuft. 1un.nnuuu, (miUIUieU liiSl iiMinin lCuie tmkm e of llif N. O. Iclta.) Luti-Mt limn IIm I'm lfl. Impoi liiut Mt-ilnui I l!sil i. IiiatuHt of the iJnflish Xury in thai qumtrtiiiiportau inxpuuiiai J rum the Sqmitlron Design of the Ens; lhht yc, yc. PkvsacoU, June 8, IS 10. Mmrs. lUlitun. Yesterday nf'tcr noon we were much ui prised by the ar rival of the steamer Mississippi, live days from Vera Crui, having on board Dr. W. I). Wood, , S. Wavy, bearer of despatches from tim Pacific squadron; also, Mr. Parrot, American Consul at Vera Cruz. Thedespalches are said to bo of great importuice. It is said that the situation of oir squadron in relation to the Knglish.wlit have increased theirs very considerably, is very precarious. It is also rumored hat as soon as the English hear of the declaration of war against Mexico, it will be the signal for them to take possession of the whole coast, and that il is their intention to do so. 11 they do at:empt it, look out for hard knocks. Al hough Com. Sloat's squadron is dininished bv the return nf Old Ironsides home, he will, no doubt, when joined by Oap. Stockton, trive a good account of himscjf. Dr. Wood left Mazjiilan on the 30th April, made the journfiy to Vera Cruz In nn l..., ... k: '.f,..: i . i in uv uajB, nun utrnjirueiaiiieu live uay8 on the road between San Bias and Mex ico. He stales that in travelling through the country, (not being known,) iic uju aequeiHoppoiiuniiies oi conver sing with and hearing the Mexicans dis cuss the war. There were various opinions on the subject some in favor of carrying it on to any extent; others, lukewarm and rather disposed against it. Those in power seemed to be most ar dent for its continuance, for the purpose of retaining their offices. He learned the news of (Jen; Taylor's victories, and defeat of the Mexican army, before he reached Mexico. The authorities, who heard it, endeavored to keep it quiet, and from the ears of the people. It is supposed that when generally known, it win not i)e received with much enthusi asm by gallant "volunteers." I am Gks. Gaines. This distinguished gentle man and officer has been superceded in the command of the South Western Division of the army, and ordered to repair to Wash ington, whither he started on the 11th inst. Before starting he was waited upon by the Mayor, the several Recorders, and a large number of citizens of New Orleans, Urig adier General Brooke succeeds Major Gen. oral Gaines iD the command of the South western Division. ' ,ofurc0 t0 n, vol. . ii guns ana stores. 3,000 excavators are also to proceed from various ports in this country, and assemble at a certain nl:f. on the Hudson Cay company's territory. - The news from the Continenijsxtot important. Little sensation h.ir! hnnn . cited in France by the reception of inlclli gence of the passage of the Oregon reso lutions. The position of our affairs with Mexico created considerable interest. I'tifrr I Mini T u. The (tehooner Fairy .(Japi. Thompson, arrived j eutt rday from Uulveloti, h, port the hft on the Mi inst . brmjinn us a few day later news than wa pre vioudy n ceived. The Galveston Weekly News of the 20th tilt, states that the irport in regard to the taking of the train of 100 wagons and effects belonging to the German emigrants who were on their way from New HraunfHs to Perdinales. bv a nar. ty of Indians, is entirely unfounded;" letters have ben received front Houston stating that tho whole party had arrivtd in saieiy ai j'fruinnies. j hey were cultivating the beautiful lands they found mere, and had not even seen an Indian The above news is no doubt correct; it is confirmed in the Galveston News of the 29th ult. The name of the new town recently started by the emigrants on tho Perdinales, is called Fredericks, burg. The settlement is rapidly pro gressing, and they appear to bo highly delighted with the great fertility of the soil. The Houston Advocate' nf tho 21st ult., states that some four or five discharged soldiers from the army, on their way home, when about 75 miles from San Antonia, were surprised by a party of Indians, and stripped of every rag of clothing, but their lives were for tunately saved by some American wag oners. We learn from Capt. Thompson wiai on nis passage irom this port to Galveston, about 31st, between South West Pass and Ship Island Shoals, he saw a large schooner, copper-bottomed, carrying a heavy press ol canvass. She at first appeared to be making for Ver million Lay, but soon bore directly for the I airy, hoisting the American ensign, wincii was answered. A heavy gale was mowing at the time, and the stran ger could not carry full sail. The Fairy, carrying every rag of canvass, gained on her pursuer and finally lostsiirth of her. IBcltu 13. p"l"ny at Wov,e ,,M , t medmiely )ur,utd Z , i M,fM'' inn rri, r horses 'k mid ki rc,,over-u ih. Col. Harney, (,f t? ha recently f,,!l(e a TL J Dr"m, Gour,H,r(IXa;f07'onuPn,h; of men. to uim ;n frontier." TA' i',nice of lite tCorreBdeBTtilTo; u Point Isabel, June 7, 1848 Dear Delta IU,n ... . ' l the Point for a few h".... i .v .M" 'hroug express from M , . n-gfn, I was fortunate to find h 'i T he business I was sent on f "JJ fc7 quarters has prevent-d me wriiL .helat moment-conMqner I ''' to be brief. Imprimik . paper establishment i. N.. , "lWsv represented here bv nn . ... I T. ' except, he TropieandiaaVK; of al olhers are received to ,lla,S the Iropic to the 27th; but the atter which everv ennui not b found mounted Texans arrive,! ,fcl S 30l I he delegation fn.m il,. i.-l . . of Louisiana arrived .m .u n m and the ten gentlemen will aroomp7nv me to Gen. Tdvh.r'. ... p.".v . .. vniliu HI g uTa. Latest from the Rio Grande! Mr. Bisby, chief engineer of the Steamship Galveston, arrived here last nigni irom poverty roint, and lrom him we team that the Ualveston lelt Brazos Santiago on the 8th inst. at 1 2 o'clock AI., and Ualveston on the 10th. at 6 P. M. The army was about moving up the nver to iaite tne small towns. The steamers New York and James h. Day arrived at Point Isabel on the 7th inst', the latter has been retained to convey troops from Point Isabel to Barita, on the Rio Grande. Gen. Taylor had made the first move ment towards the invasion of Mexico. Sixty commissioned and non-commissioned officer, attached to the U. S. Army, arrived here in the Galveston, ordered on the recruiting service. Gov. Butler also came passenger. He has made an important treaty with the Camanches. Mr. Bisby heard that the Mexican General had sent Gen. Taylor a mes sage, telling him to withdraw his troops from Matamoros, or he would annihilate them. Gen Taylor sent him his com pliments, saying he should be delighted to see hira. There are on board the Galveston 180 souls, or threabout, most of them sick and wounded. Among them are Capt. Saunders of the United States Army, Cspt. Hoe, who has lost anar'm.'Maj. Bell. U. S. Paymaster, and Com. Moore, on his way to Wash, inglon. Tropic. ' j Santa Fe and Indian Tratle. The vast sums of money and treasure constantly flowing back into the United States from Santa Fe, continually remind us of the immense importance of that overland trade. And now that the Mex ican ports are blockaded, this trade will probably become immensely increased, there being scarcely any other inlet through which our articles of commerce can reach the Mexicans. Notwithstand ing all our difficulties heretofore with Mexico, this trade has, of late years greatly increased, and al the present ume, says Mr. McUi.erha.nd of Illi nois, amounts to more th of dollars. It extends not only to Santa Fe, but as f ir as the city of Mexico, and Guymas and Mazatlau on the Pacific, and employs twelve hundred men. "The trade returns annually, besides robes, furs, peltries, mules and h $750,000 in Mexican silver com and gold dust. The exports to Mexico are silks, woollen and cotton fabrics.-shnns. cutlery, wagons, pleasure carriages.play ing cards, American horses, etc. Other routes from Arkansas and Texas also share in this Mexican commerce, a nnr. lion of the returns of which come home by sea. I he trade wuh the Indians in the united States territories, emolovsa ran ital of $1,250,000. About innn A merican3 are emnloved in this trad? 'PL I- .'.... i ne supplies tor tne Indians are taken up the Missouri in steamers, and thnncn carrien to tne Kocky Mountains in wa gons. The value of the nel trips drawn from the Indians, is more than 500.000, to which may be added the entire amount -".L- , .. .. oi ineir annuities, tor which they receive our rnercnanense. The great starting point of all this trade is Independence, on the Missouri, whence routes lead to the North amontr .1 n i .... me iraws and other tribes in that direc tion ; West to the Sioux, Pawnees, Kanlas, and other Indians; and South west to Santa Fe. The traders go armed in large cara vans, and at present are seldom attacked by the Indians, though there is often uanger. In another year all danger will be removed, bv the establishment nf military poMs, and the constant appear- unteers, and brin them into the field tied in pairs. On the day of sailing of the Missis, sippi, as she was getting up steam, the barque Eugenia, Briscoe, of New York, rut the- blockade. Tl Falmouth pursued her,firiugai her with- uuv ciieci; Mie gui into port in Balety, and exultingly displayed her flags. She is the same barque that run the French blockade. She will have to run the gauntlet coming out, as every prepara tion is making to take her. There is another barque expected with powder; the squadron is keeping a good look out lor ner; sue must have light heels to get in if they send the Somers after her. Capt. Gregory had captured two Mex ican vessels of little value, which he released and sent injp port. In return for this civility, Gen. Bravo gave per mission to two American vessels that he had detained to depart, and wrote Capt. G. a complimentary letier, vfTering to do anything for him that he could," ex. eept furnishing him with supplies Capt. G. replied, thanking him, and stated that he was not in want of anv squauron had also taken two Spanish veMda. iiutjr putting prize crews on board, they were given up to the Span ish Commodore, who anne-u-pd n.,;, angry at their having done so. I sup pose he will get over his mzfsoon. The John Adams left til LSI r.fffrnnnn . . ' ----- WIIW1IIUVII with despatches and letters for the squad ron below; she will relieve the Falmouth which comes un here for The Cumberland (flag-ship) and Poto- mau wm leave on Monday or Tuesday, having nearly" finished taking ill lhnir supplies of water and provisions. The Mississippi will follow as soon as she gets her coals in. So the harbor will be left naked again, until the arrival of the i-almouth. More anon. Truly yours. w In addition to the above the Picayune ujiiiima me loiiowmg items: Dr. Wood reports that all the D partments on the Pacific coast of Mexico nad declared against Paredes. 1 he news of the bait es of the Rth nnc 9th of May was well known in th city of Mexico, and the occupation of iuaiamoras oy tne American troooa was j . i ariucipatca as a matter ot course amonw all the intelligent part of the nomilaiinn" The two batiles are represented to have been but trifling affairs, and each undo. cisivc at that. Gen. Paredes was expected to ho srmn on his march for the Rio Grande at the liead of 10,000 troops. Some. I minev er, believed that all the troops he was en deavoring to raise were intend! mil v to save his crown, or rather to defend We received yesterday the papers brought by the Galveston. The partic ulars of the recent Indian Treaty, is the principal news which we find in them. Eleven tribes were fuily represented, and all the chiefs signed tho treaty and declared their determination to assist in punishing all who might violate it. One of the objects of the delegation of Indi. ans who have accompanied Gov. Butler " noiiiusjiuu vyuv, is in H x upon a line of boundary, within which to re strict the occupation" of the Indians. The points settled by the treaty are thus enumerated. f lhe Indians acknowledge them selves under the protection of the Uni ted States, and recognize no other author ity, pledging themselves to perpetual amity and friendship with the people Of the United States, and all other friendly Indians. They agree.not to form alliances with the enemies of the country, and to give notice of any contemplated invasion or impending danger. Each tribe is to give notice of any vi olation of the treaty on the part of any other. They are to give up all prisoners, ami aid the authorities of the United S ates in obtaining them. Tim.. ..In. I. .1 I . . . . , , , , a": ,,cv l'wgo wicinsfives to desist when he was he would take them. The hVom all murder and depredation, and to Sfliiarlrnn fi:ul ance of U. S. dragoons. iV. O. Iiil. his own position as President. surrender all offenders to b ir I ..r .L TT . r, J wns ui me u niieu otates. The United States havethe right to es tablish agencies and trading houses amon them, and to establish military posts, &c! They concede to the Ufti'ed Slates the right of control over all trade and inter course, and will in no instance seek per sonal redress for injuries, either to ner- sons or property, but will 'in sunk onto apply to the United States agent. They concede the right to introduce among them ministers' of the gospel' am! scuooi icacners. They agree to prohibit the intrmlno. tion of spirituous liquors among them, and to give notice of the violation of this provision. ' The United States, in consideration of these stipulations on the part of the several Indian tribes renresenipil ni dm treaty, agree to make peace for them with all their enemies, to eive them nre- sents every fall, &c, as usual in similar treaties. The E-se-oua-i-as and Mesealeros. numbering together about 5000 souls, i wno are branches or the Lipans and al- lies oi tne uamanches, and came recent ly from the Mexican prairies, are indu- ded among the tribes represented at the treaty. The Camanches are anxious to conciliate them. One white child and four Mexican boys were ransomed from the Caman ches. The two Parker children were seen, and arrangements have been made to procure them by frost. A party of eleven of the ronkaway ndians recently visited the new Dutch 'ylor s Ci.inti il.i. -ft ' noon -a long prairie-rideof 9-r if... miles. The news of dm kr-.,. .... . Ma;,.. r. ...i i..- """";ranKo .....j .. v., oemg conierred on Gen layh.r, meets with univeWl Mli,faction from the officers j w(l0,e A It is rumored hero that Gens.ScoitaU v ool are ordered to Mexico; thii,Wlli. gei.ee (loes not meet with the same favor. On IhiiMlay, iho Ricardo Ranms were sent out on a scout, after tm armed Mexicans, who were discovered prowling about in the virinitv of the Andrew Ja.-kson camp. They reiurnFd w.thout finding them, but on theirmarrh they discovered, through information furnished by a Mexi. an, a lot of Arms,' swords, pistols. chero s house, about five miles from the camp. These, as well as the possessor, were captured by them, and brought into camp. The proceeds of the booty will be distributed amnniT the ponlnra Ilic, is perfectly at home, and a better fellow in camp never went on a volnntppr. ing expedition. i esterday afternoon Lt. Pol. Wil with five companies nf dip 1i Infunirv. Capt. Desha's Mobile Voluntas, anil .......... Capt. Price's Texps Rangeis. accompa nied by Capt. Ogdon pnd Flint, volun teer aids to Gen. Smith, took up their line ot march for Hemonn, about 60 miles from Matamoros. fipn. fTnnalp. with his 1800 cavalry, has fallen hack, and is entrenched at Keinoso. A brtwk may therefore be looked for betw een him and the ccmniand of Lt. Col, Wihr-n. Some of the companies in Col. Wal ton's Washington Regiment having become disgusted with a pettv port nf tvrannv. petitioned Gen. Smith fan ru- . - - v : mored) to join another regiment tlie Jackson preferred; they werp told all such applications must be made through their officers. A release is therefore improbable. Sickness prevails .to some extent throughout th volunteers, confined, however, to bowel complaints rhiefly: bt no siiin nf fevpr. The water and green corn arr the principal caHses. Letters sent from the States for volun teers, should he addressed K the regi ment to which thev belonL'. addme the Colonel's name. If this were done, much disappointment would be preven ted. 'JV Posioffice department is now attended by the U. S. Quartermasters, who have of other things much more than thfv ran utpII altr-nd to. Slid Gen. Taylor has expressed his iletettpinatifn to ask the Postmaster at New Organs to send proper persons into this country n mttamt rr-. ,1..,. I, .intlEd fVtfPfKwS should rertainly he done immediately in some quarter so that tne rpsp,,"i"v for the noutiiiTo u;.!! ai the delivery of letters should rest in the proper quarter. With best wishes for Il ot you the friends we left behind ns, Yours truly, in haste, TOM Pay of the Volunteers The Hon. Thos. J. Henly of Indn.na, after inqu n ,t.n o; nr.i. A.llninnt-General lies ai iiiu uijo.tr hi ui nujw t : at Washington, states the following the pay of the volunteers : 1st Sfft., I per monin; an, aa anu ui u".. . V, -, . ao A Hfl- corporal, y do.; Musician v vate, $7 do." . . rt The volunteers will be requirea" clothe themselves, for which ihey JW' receive uV following allowances trj the government: Strt. fr one ytfj JJ Musician do.. $38; Corporal and rn vale do., $36. ' " Aa von must never take the last pie In API from the table, endeavor i t ot ctke irom me taoit?. en... lhfl as many pieces as you can bw last piece is in the ascendant. ; i' ', r s -,'