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SMAa -;Tr,i.-J tlJ ll JY GEORGE AV. HARLOW, 'As in water face umwertth to face, to the heart tf man to man" EDITOR 4- PROPRIETOR KOSCIUSKO, MI,, T:ZTilSDl JULY !), 1 810. DUMBER 37. IP! ! TEMJtlS. The Kosciusko Chronicle is published every Thursday morning; at Two Dollars per annum, invariably in advance. Advertisements will be inserted at the following rates, to wit: For every six lines or less, first insertion, fifty cents; and for each subsequent insertion, twenty-five cents, payable in advance, or upon first in sertion. Standing advertisements, every six lines or less, will be inserted a9 follows: Three months $3 00 Six months 5 00 One year 8 00 Advertisements not marked with the number of insertions, will' be continued until forbid, and chargpd accordingly. Announcing candidates for oflice, five uuUar, payable iil aJvaace. Any person who will procure us five subscribers, and forward the amount ($10) shall be entitled to a sixth copy gratis. Letters on business with the office, to ensure attention, must be post paid or free. Money may be sent by mail at our risk, if a receipt is first taken from the post master. Job work must be paid for on delivery. Tilings we ate Opposed to. First then we are opposed to musqui toes, because they are a blood-thirsty set of villains, who would take our last drop of blood without any just provoca tion on our part. We are opposed to flies, because they are a nuisance. We are opposed to Mexico, because she is the enemy of our country. We are opposed to merchants keep ing goods and not advertising them. We are opposed to selfishness, be cause it is niggardly. We are opposed to monopoly, because it is selfish. We are opposed to good honest me chanics working for nothing. We are opposed to their not advertis ing and letting the people know where to find them. We are opposed to the old Devil, be cause he is so hard oa sinners when he gets them: ' We are opposed to persons reading our exchanges before we read them our- self because we have to mae extracts aud wish them to be as new as possible. We are opposed to the first man that ever loaned out Jus newspaper, because he defrauded the proprietor and the'frater nity' generally. Grenada Chronicle. Patrick's Colt. A gentleman who favors us with some reminiscenses respec ting the early settlement of this place formerly old Derryfield relates the fol lowing anecdote. 'When my grandfather resided at Goflstown, and Derryfield, then settled by the Irish, he hired a wild sort of an Irishman to work on his farm. One day, soon after his arrival, he told him to take a bridle and go out into the field and catch the black colt. 'Don't come home with out him,' said the old gentleman. Pat rick started, and was gone some time, but at last returned minus the bridle, with his face and hands badly scatch ed, as though he nad received rough treatment. 'Why, Patrick, what's the matter what in the name of won der ails you? 'An' faith, isn't it me, yer honor, that never'll catch the old black colt again? bad luck to him! An' didn't he all but cratch me eyes out o' me head? An' faith, as true as me soul's me own, I had to climb up a three after the colt!' 'Climb a tree after him? nonsense! Where is the beast?' 'An' it's tied to the three, he is, to be sure, yer honor.' We all followed Patrick to the spot, to get a solution of the difficulty, and on reaching the field we found, to our no mall amusement, that he had been cha fing a young black bear, which he had succeeded in catching, after a great deal f rough usage on both sides, and actu ally tied it with a bridle to an old tree. Bruin was kept for a long time, and was ever afterwards known as 'Patrick's colt.' Manchester American. An Assault. On Wednesday night a negro belonging to Col. Wm. II. Har ris, but hired for the year by A. S. crown, Esq., returned irom a lying out, i TT. uaving oeen runaway somo iiiuc. ; ne irst went to his master who 6ent him to Mr. Brown. The overseer, Mr. A. Whitaker, went to where the negro was for the purpose, it is supposed, of whip ping him, when he (the negro) inflicted a blow on his head with an axe, which i likely to result in his ' death. The negro has not been taken; he is a thick, tout, heavy fellow named Sam. Grenada Chronicle. How to make a Young Wile of an Old Maid. The following story might, perhaps, furnish matter for a little comedy, if comedies were still written in England. "It is generally the case the more beautiful and the richer a young female is, the more difficult are both her pa rents and herself in the choice of a hus band, and the more offers they refuse. Tho one is too tall, the other too short, this not wealthy, this not respectable enough. Meanwhile one spring passes after another, and year after year, carries away leaf after leaf, of 'the bloom of youth, and opportunity. Miss Harriet Selwood was the richest tieirpsa iu her native town; but she had already com pleted her 27th year, and beheld almost all her young friends united to men whom she had at one time or other discarded. Harriet began to be set down for an old maid. Her parents became really un easy, and she herself lamented in pri vate a position which is not a natural one, and to which those to whom nagire aud fortune have been niggardly of their gifts are obliged to submit; but Harriet, as we have said, was both handsome and rich. Such was the state of things, when her uncle, a wealthy merchant in the north of England, came on a vis'it to her parents. He was a jovial, lively, straight-forward man, accustomed to attack all difficulties boldly and closely. "You see," said her father to him one day. "Harriet continues single. The girl is handsome: and then she is to have a fortune; even in this scandal loving town, not a creature can breathe the slightest imputations against her yet she is getting to be an old maid." "True," replied the uncle; "but'look you, brother, the grand point of every af fair in this world is to seize the proper moment; that you have not done it is a misfortune, but let the girl go along with me, and before the end of two months I will certainly return her to you as the wife of a citizen as young and wealthy as herself. Away went the neice with the uncle. On the way home, he thus addressed her: "Mind what I am going to say. YotT are no longer Miss Selwood, but Mrs.Lumiey.my niece.a young, wealthy, childless, widow; you had the misfor tune to lose your husband, Col. Lumley, after a happy union of a year and a quarter, by a fall from his horse while hunting." "But uncle " "Let me manage, if you please, Mrs. Lumley. Your father has invested me with full powers. Here look you, is the wedding ring, given you by your late husband, jewels, and whatever else you need, your aunt will supply you with, and accustom yourself to cast down your eyes. The keen-witted uncle introduced his niece everywhere, and everywhere the young widow excited a great sensation. The gentlemen thronged about her, and she soon had her choice out of twenty suiters. Her uncle advised her, to accept the one who was the deepest in love with her, and a rare chance decreed that J this 6houlu be precisely the most amia ble and opulent. The match was soon concluded, aud one day the uncle de sired to say a few words to his future nephew in private. "My dear sir," he began, "wo have told you an untruth.". "How so? are Mrs. Lumley's " "Nothing of the kind; my niece is sincerely attached to you." f r "Then her fortune, I suppose, is not so great as you told me." "On the contrary, it is larger." "Well, what,is the matter then?" "A joke, an innocent joke, which came into my head one day, when I was in a good humour; we could not recall it afterwards. My niece is not a wi dow." "What! is Col. Lumley living?" "No, no, she is a spinster." The lover protested that he wi:3 a happier fellow than he had ever con ceived himself ; and the old maid was forthwith metamorphosed into a wife. A Family Army. A friend on whom we can rely, lately informed us that an ancestor of his wife's on the Island of Martiniaue. was the father of "thirty sons by one wife, and that during the attack on the Island by the English, he was t'.lolonel of a regiment of volunteer mi litia, in the front ranks of which tho whole thirty were stationed. jsoston irareuer r t-- ,' ,,,, Thing Worth liium Ju?. Animal and vegetable food is the proper diet of mankind. Animal food is gener ally the most nutricious ; but vegetable food is most easily digested, and should, therefore, be used most freely. Flax is a native of Persia; and cotton was first grown in India. Silk was first manufactured in China, about two thou sand seven hundred yerrs before the Christian era. There are more than two hundred burning mountains, or volcanoes, on the earth. These volcanoes are believed to be the chimneys, or vents, by which the gaseous matter escapes that generated by the internal -fires- of 'Cna earth. -' Ac cording to some geologists, the fires rag ing in the earth are so intense, that at the depth of ten miles, tho earth is a red heat; at the depth of twenty miles, it is a white heat; and at the depth of fif ty miles, the hardest rock will become liquid ! Gravitation is that property of matter by which it tends to move towards other matter. Language is a system, or collection of sounds, or signs of sounds, called words, by means of which ideas, or thoughts, or impressions are communica ted from mind to mind. Thoughts are frequently conveyed by gestures and looks; but these modes of communica tion being ambiguous, and therefore ve ry liable to a wrong interpretation, they are not to be relied upon. Ancient history consists of the prin cipal events previous to the birth of Christ; and modern history relates the chief events from the commencement of the Christian era to the year 1776. The most modem history commenced with the Declaration of American Inde pendence. The "Dark Ages" (some writers deny that there havo been any Dark Ages) commenced about the close of the fifth century of the Christian Era, and ended about the thirteenth century. History states that during a great part of this period, the earth was avast battle field; l3"i iiuniaii rv:u seemed lotie doomed to total extermination ; and that personal safety began to be tho only consideration! Surely these were Dark Ages! The air, or atmosphere, is an elastic fluid, and surrounds the earth, extending between forty-live and fifty miles above the surface. The rose is found in all countries it adorns the whole earth. Poets of eve ry age and clime have eulogised it as the most beautiful and exquisite of flowers. Anacreon calls it the 'flower of flowers.' The philosopher Thales, termed one of the wise men of Greece, taught that water was the sole element of which the universe is composed; and he believed that amber and the magriet possessed life. In the Encyclopedia American, I find the following: "Asymptote; common ly a' strait line, which approaches the curve line, so that the distance between them is continually diminishing.although they can never meet, even if indefinite ly continued." By the term matter, is meant any substance which is capable of effecting the senses. Matter exists in three states solid, liquid and gaseous. The highest mountains upon the earth are the Himmaleh, in Ilimloostun, the loftiest peak being a little more than five miles high. What is meant by the "Solar Cycle" is a period of twenty-eight years, at the end of which time the days of the week return to the same days of the month on which -they were at its commencement. Tho "Lunar Cycle" is a period of nine teen years, at the end of which tho new and full moon return on the Bame days of the year as at its beginning. Saturday Courier. Who is a Coward? Tho man who attacks another by surprise, or with a weapon in his hand, when the other has none, is a coward. s Tho man who carries deadly wea pons about his person in his intercourse with an unarmed society, is a coward. The man who associates with, and so goes with numbers to overpower an in dividual, or a smaller and feebler num ber he is a coward. The man, who challenged to a duel, is so much afraid of public sentiment. that ho dares not refufo it, is a coward. In ceneral, that man is a coward who shapes his course of action by fears; and he alone is a man of real courage, who always dares to do right. Tle Texlau Frontier. An interesting letter is published in the Alabama Atlas from eomo one iu camp opposite Matamoros. We give some extracts from it, which are peculiarly instructive at this time: Texas beyond the Nueces. West of the Nueces the people are all Spaniards. The country is uninhabited excepting the valley of the Rio Grande, 'and that con tains a pretty dense population, and in no part of the country are the people more loyal to the Mexican Government. The soil on the river is of great fertil ity, and though imperfectly cultivated, produces considerable corn, cotton and sugar. On the river are several line towns, some on one side, and some on the other. Matamoros has 9000 inhabi tants, Remoso 1500, Comongo 3000, Mier 5000, Guerero3500, Loredo 1500, Presidios 5000, San Fernando 15,000; and when you get higher up towards Santa Fe, there is another populated country. s . These people arc all Spaniards, ac tuated by an universal feeling of hostil ity towards the United States, and since our arrival nearly all of them have left this side of the river, and gone over, leaving their houses, and much valuable property, notwithstanding every assur ance from Gen. Taylor that all their rights and property would be respected by our Government. They quarrel a mong themselves, but against a foreign foe they are united. If the next paragraph, which we quote, be altogether accurate in its account of the disposition of the Mexicans towards this country the probability is that the late occurrences have merely hastened the breaking out of a war which could not ultimately have been avoided. Temper and licsources of the Mexi cans. Our differences must and will end in war. The Mexican policy is to defer it as long as possible, in hopes the Oregon controversy will involve us with England; but you may depend that everv Dartv and everv faction in Mexico is uaenvinea to Hgiit it out with us. That has been my opinion for three months, and what I now see daily 'confirms this belief. When the time comes too, it will be found that they will prosecute the war, I mean a defensive war, with much more energy and skill than is gen erally calculated upon. Among them selves they are weakened by internal dissentions, but on this question they will act with unanimity. They have a population of nine mil lions, inured to the climate, and as sol diers we have underrated them. The whole nation may be said to havo been in arms for twenty-five years, and the pursuits of peace have been so much disturbed that all the ability of tho country has been turned into a military channel. They have a respectable mil itary school in Mexico, and the defen ces they have erected at Matamoros, since our arrival, and on which they have been engaged much of the time night and day, show not only judgment in their engineer, but very considerable advancement in the higher branches of mathematical and military science. So also with their troops. We see daily at their parade some of the most intricate evolutions with accuracy and skill. Doubtless tho newspapers will be filled with all sorts of stories and opinions; but these are the facts. A Church Clock. In one of my col lege years, a fellow pupil suddenly died. On the Sabbath following the venerated Dr. F. joined hit- discourso with this event, which was itself preaching very solemn to some of us. This was a sen tence "Young man! thou art strong and full of health : but I will tell thee, the spado which shall dig thy grave may be already formed tho winding-sheet bo' laying in yonder store and that clock (pointing to the one in the gallery) be counting out the moments in the last Sabbath day of thy life." He paused. It was tho stillness of tho grave, for a minute but oh! the tick of 'that clock? It entered my soul. It seemed like the sound of the keys in the doors of the eternal world. No voice.no speech, I could have searched the audience as didi that awful voice of our departing mo ments. Since that day, I ever look se riously upon the face, and listen solemn ly to tho voice of tho sanctuary clock. Avoid an angry man for a while, for his passion will cool ; but avoid a mali cious man, for malice never dies. i Cotton. According to statements made up to tho second instant, the num ber of- bales of cotton on hand, to date, was 65,616 bales less than at the same time last year. The amount of crop received was 362,208 bares less than to same time last year, and the amount shipped to foreign ports, was 596,070 bales less, than last year. This falling off, of 'more than a half million of bales in the receipts of foreign ports, must satisfy foreign capitalists of the short ness of last year's crop, as it seems that nothing but actual proof will be suffi cient. If the present year's crop should not be a full one and every indication, d far, justifies the prediction that it will not be the growing crop of cotton will be worth money to its possessors; and more particularly if we should have no difficulty with'England.and which we see no necessity or excuse for believing not withstanding ail the predictions from high quarters. It will be the most shameless and outrageous bungling, and disregard of the Jblic interests, to so manage the Oregon question, now, after the Senate has placed the matter on such a clear and favorable footing for negotia tion ot which any administration ever was guilty, vve cannot have a difficulty with England, without forcing it upon her, and we "look to the Senate," with the hope and belief that an honorable, as well as peaceful, settlement of the ques tioH will be made. Vicksbwg Whig, Mexican Booty. The American troops appeared to have on their hands some 500 wounded Mexicans to take care of. They were left behind at Mat amoros when Arista retreated. One of our correspondents thinks that this leav ing their dead to be buried and their wounded to be succored by the Ameri can army, may be deemed quite a "Yan kee trick" on the part of our magnan imous neighbors. Extensive searches have been made in and about Matamoros for concealed arms and ammunition belonging to the Mexi cans, nor have they been made in Vara'. Several pieces of artillery and an im-. mense quantity of ammunition have" been found the latter principally in a cave. Some artillery has been taken out of the river, and some out of wells; some has been found concealed in the yards of the houses of the priests or in the houses themselves. Among them are several mortirs. Several thousand stand of arms, thousands of bushels of corn, and a very large quantity of tobac co and cigars have been recovered. The whole of the city of Matamoros was undergoing a thorough search. Pic. Antiquity of China. A very inter esting course of lectures has lately been delivered in England, by a missionary, who has been for several years in Chi na, and he lias given some interesting statistics with regard to the antiquity of that empire. It appears that the Chi nese divide their history into three parts, authentic, traditional, mythological. At tne present time they nave a very cor rect and distinct mode of commitm? their historical years by cycles of fifty j vhiiJj wj uiuivii tub ivfcutci liliua ' lllafc the first real personage who sat upon the throne in China, began to reign 2200 years ueioro Lhrist. This was 140 years after the flood, and 47 years after . the contusion of tongues at Babel. Ac cording to this, the king must have been cotemporaneous with the immediate descendants of Noah! The-whole num ber of emperors, belonging to 14 dynas ties, is 730. The number of Empres ses Is not given. "These," says the lecturer "behaved so ill, and were so often at the bottom of all mischief, that it was found necessary, three or four years ago, to dispense with.their servi- ces in this capacity." United States Deposits. The U. S. Treasurer's report shows that on the first June inst., there were on deposit In banks in New York city $5,554,538 In banks in Philadelphia 589,088 In Chesapeake bank, Baltimore 307,832 In Washington city 565,041 There were transfers ordered from the banks in the East, to the amount of $1,260,000 (of which $400,000 were from the Merchants Bank of Boston.) Of the amount to be transferred.820,000 was to go to the Canal and Banking Company of New Orleans.which b3nk,it will beTememered.was a principal in ma king up the late loan to the State of Louis iana, to equip the volunteer companies.