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Woman A Fragment. BY THE LATE REV. C. WOLFE.- Gone from her cheelis the summer bloom, And her breath has lost its faint perfume; And the glos3 has dropp'd from hergolden hair, And her forehead is pale, tho no longer fair. And the Epirit that sat in her soft blue eye-. Is suil!: V2 M mortality; And the smile that piayeu 99, h?F lips is fled, And every grace has left the dead. Like slaves they obeyed in height of power, Dut left her all in her wintry hour; And the crowd that swore for her love to die, Shrunk from the tone of her parting sigh And this is man's fidelity! 'Tis woman alone with a firmer heart Can pee all those idols of life depart, And love the more, and soothe, and bles3 ' Man in his utter wretchedness. MISCELLANEOUS. Hebrew form of Marriage. Major Noah of the New York Evening Star, gives tho following as the form of marriage, observed in the Hebrew Church. It is sriven at the request of a fair correspondent, who had rxaiiiitu d tiic Old Testament without success. The lid it or says: Tii? ''form" of marriage in the Hebrew Church she will find In the Old Testament, although the institution of marriage is there noted as an affirmative precept. In ancient Iays it is prt bahle that the mere consent of parents and parties were alone necessary, tor.ictiiing alter our Uuaker fashion, 'I'll take thee to be my wedded wife,' and there ended ti e ceremony: but after laws and governments were instituted, it was deemed proper to have some !rg:il document to certify the marriage. Accordingly we rind, in the Babylonian Tal mud the following copy of a dowry or' mar r :e contract which is used to this day: 'Tpon the sixth day of the week in the f.urtii of the month Sivan. in the vear five thousand two hundred an : .. ,.c -11 - tien which we ue here at 3IassiJia, a city sit uated near the shore, the br idfgrvmii .1 . t ?on r,f y said unto the bridewife , diughter of , bo unto me a wife: accor ding to the laws of Moses and Israel, and I according to the word of God, will worship, honor, maintain and govern thee, according to t!:e manner of the husband among the Jews, which do worship, honor, maintain and govern their wives faithfully. I also bestow upon thee the dowry of thy virginity , two hundred den'ers of silver, which belong unto thee-by 1 .1,-. P . .1 , ni-ta-sif " nvA law; ana moreover, my ioou, iuj aiaici, u,i.u uilk-ient necessaries: thus became the bride of rested and , the bridegroom.' Our fair correspondent will perceive, that his form had n uch more gallantry than the Christian Cannons ihere the lady swears to love, lienor and obey, but in the Jewish Church the bridegroom pledges himself to 'worship, honor, maintain and govern' he does all the protecting and the lady signs nothing, but ihe' contract is confided to her, she keeps the evi dence in her own possession. -In very old times the bride and bridegroom were crowned nrir.r to the ceremonv- He wore a crown coin- posed of crystal salt and sulphur, to remind him how the sins of the city of Sodom, were punished, and to teach him to cleave unto his -the bride wore a golden crown in the form of a Tower." We read cf this in the Scripture; flo forth O ye daughters of Zion! and behold King Solomon with the crown, wherewith his mother crowned him on the day of his espou sals.' IIe has put a mitre on my head as on u bridegroom." We cannot conclude without informing our fair correspondent , of one fact related in the Talmud.' - Celibacy avus in such bid reoute among the Hebrews,-that it was net deemed immodest in the Jewish maiden?, when dancing in the vineyards on the days of the expiation, to declare publicly, 0 young men lift up your eyes and see which of us you like best. Look not upon beauty for that is deceitful, nor upon riches, for they make them selves wings and fly away: but approve of ecb union" us as fear God. t)ar ladies could not be brought to follow this invocation but there few old maids in Israel. were V- r :r Curious Law .Case - case was tried recently at New Orleans, -as we learn from the American, involving the uestioti of the . ownership of six geese. So !ontradiaory was the evidence, that the ven crable Judge, in order to settle the question, ordered the geese to be turned into the street, and appointed two officers of the Court to watch their motions, if the geese went to he house of plaintiff he was to be considered the owner; if to the defendant, then the case was tu be decided in the defendant's favor, lhe geese on ne' -inbut.made their way 10 u. die where : they regaiea ;intell:gcnce "ched - the The Young Bride. Observe that slow and solemn tread, when the young bride takes her wedded one by the arm, and with downcast looks and a heavy heart turns her face 'from home,' and all its as sociations which have for years been growing and-brightening, and entwining so closety around the purest and tendcrest feelings of the heart. How reluctant that step as she moves towards the carriage, how eloquent those tears "L!'JtIcn from their fountain! She has just bid adieu io her home! she has iven the parting hand the parting kiss! With deep and struggling emotions she has pronounced the farewell! and oh, how fond and vet mournful a spell this word breathes! and perhaps, . a last farewell to father, mother, brother, sister. Childhood and youth, the sweet morning of life, with its .'charm of earliest birds," and earliest associations, have now passed. Now commences a new -a momentous period of ex istencc! Of this she is well aware. She reads in living characters -uncertainty, assuming that where all was happiness where home, sweet home, was all in all unto her. But these ties, these associations, these endearments, she has yielded, one by one, and now she has broken them all asunder. She has turned her face from them all, and witness how she clings to the arm of him for whom all these have been exchanged. See how Bhe moves on, the world is before her, and a history to be written, whose pages are to be filled up with life's loveliest pencil-. lings, or perhaps, witlrincidents of eventful interest of startling fearful record! Who can throw aside the veil, even of 'three-score years and ten, for her, and record the happy and sun-bright incidents that shall arise in succes sion, to make joyous and full her cup of life that shill throw around those embellishments of the mind and heart, that which crowns the domestic circle with beauty and loveliness; that which sweetens social intercourse, and softens, improves, and elevates the condition of society! Or, who, with firm and unwavering hand, can register the hours and days of affec tionate and silent weeping of midnio-ht watch ing 7 Who pen the blighted hopes the instan- d fifty-four of the ere! j ces u"re(lu'te love the loneliness and sor ding to the computa- t row of the confiding heart the deep corroding cares of themind, when neglected and forgot wtV wj - uiiirwuo is uearer to ""her than life whpn all around is sere and desolate when the ga rnere.d , stores are wasted , ''and the wells dried up, and the flickering blaze up on the hearth wanes and goe3 out! and leaves her in solitude, in silence, and in tears! But her affections wane not,' slumber not, die not! The brilliant skies may shed down all their gladdening ; beauties; nature array herself in gay flowers, -bright hopes and friends, kind friends may greet with laughing countenances and - glad hearts but all avail nought. One kind look one soft and affectionate accent, unequivocal evidence of remaining love; one smile like that which wooed and won that heart, would enkindle brighter, and deeper, and lovelier emotions at its fountain, than heaven with all its splendor, and - earth with its beauties, and gay associations. ' r " Oh! young man, ever be to'the young bride what thon seemest now. to be: -disappoint her not! What sweet ties that bound heart to heart, hand to hand, and life to life, has she not broken off for thee! Prove thyself worthy, of all she. has sacrificed.,. Let it ever be her pleasure' as new. to cling with confiding joy and love to that' arm.:- Let it be her" stay, her support! and.it shall be well repaid. Hers is an enduring an undying' love!' Prosperity will strengthen, it--adversity r vy ill brighten and invigorate it, and give to it additional lus tre and loveliness.' , Should the hand of dis eases fall upon thee, then wilt thou behold wo- wan's. love-woman's devction! for thou wilt never witness herspirits wax faint and droop ing at thy couch! When thins own are Tail ingi.she will cling unto thee.liko a sweet vine, and diffuse around thy pillow those sweet in fluences and attractions. "that shall, touch , the. master-springs and-nobler passions of thy na ture that shall give new impulse. to life! Uer kind, voice will be like music to thy falling heart like oil tu thy wounds!;. Yes! she will raise thee, restore thee, and make thee happy, if any-Icssthan.an angel's arm can do it! Mortality and sentiment. , Union op New Brunswick and No va 'Scotia: A report has just reached us that a proposition for the union of these provinces has beeii made, and that inqui ries will immediately, be instituted to as certain the best means of doing so. T St. John is named as" tlie capital oflhe united provinces! The late hour 'at which the information readied us prevents our mar king any "comment, but we hasten to lay theimportant news before our readers:. 'St, John Courier. . ' An extraordinhrv machine, called the rElectric Telegraph, has been tried on the Great Western railroad wi h complete suc cess. Intelligence is'conveyed through it at the incredible rate of 200,000 miles per second, and 8,0J0 timesquicker than light travels during the same period! - England. " An American writing from Liverpool, says: the principal things which struck me in Eng land in the way of improvement since my last visit, were the Rail Koads.the Galvanic Tei: egraph, the Budo Light (truly a new one,) and the glass and silk manufacture for curtains and drapery.4 Of the first, the rail-roads they may be said I think, to approach per fection as nearly as possible. They are built for ages, remarkable for their massiveness and magnificence architecturally, for the taste, comfort, and solidity of the cars and Iocomo tive. I travelled on all that are yet opened? the Liverpool and Birmingham, the Birming ham and London, the London and Southamp ton, and as far as finished, the Great Wes tern, which is much superior, in every . point of view, to any yet constructed. I travelled at the rate of forty miles ah hour upon it, break fasting in Reading, Berkshire, at half past eight, and walked the streets of London before ten! It was not without interestto me that, on a branch road from Birmingham to Chel tenham, just opened, I was whirled along by a locomotive made by Norris in Philadelphia. The Galvanic Telegraph is injuse on the London and Black well railway ;the cars on which are worked with a rope and when full, a galvanic wire is touched, and successively rapid as two ticks on a watch is the signal and motion of the cars. The distance is four miles and were it .'our thousand, J am assured, the signal would be as instantaneous and faithful, 1 bey are laying one down to . mdsor for state purposes, and it is expected they will be ; in use all over England. Do we not live in an ' age of necromancy, and are not the men of science the only pure and lawful aristocracy i of human nature The Bude Light is a beautiful thin" in its . . way. Jt produces an atmosphere of J Mit, concealing the means bY which it is done. Pas-! sing by the Horse Guards, I exclaimed: 'How brightly the moon shines! You can read the clock by if.' Oh!' replied my friend, as cool as moonshine, . 'that's the Bude Liirht.' I begged an explanation, and, apparently aston ished at mv ignorance, he P-avc it. f o Lime and gas are brought into some pecu liar contact, and the effect, as it struck me, was that ol intensely bright moonlight. The IIous!. ?i:orit tilt Mvs atres It is very beautiful a ndulp not think me moonstruck'-when I tell you that the dullness and repose of moonshine reminded me sensibly while regarding it, that Juliet's apostrophe, 'Come thou day in night, is now realized. Alas! for the imaginative race, if matter of fact people upset every thing in this manner. - " - The new manufacture for curtains and oth er draperies is a very gorgeous affair. The rich damask pattern " is woven in glass and silk, producing a dazzling effect, beyond sil ver or gold in richness of display. A capital invention is used for the founda tion of houses, an invention, too, the more valuable on account of its simplicity. The clay that is dug out of the foundation is mix ed with a preparation of lime on the very ground of the building, and thus hardened or 'calcined' into a strong substance, makes the best and certainly the cheapest materials for foundations yet discovered. ' It is now. univer sally used in England. " "j, ' r Homes and Graves. There was an ancient tyrant once, who, as a punishment, linked o live man to a corpse, where he remained until dead. from disgust and horror. It is possible that some experience of his owujife wa9 at the bottom of this detes table act we mean so far as the conception of the idea was concerned. Wo all bear about us the dark moral of his act, for . we, warm, fresh and living, have all some cold; pale form lying dead upon our hearts'. ' The chill of the grave is oyer us and our cherished homes homes, made perhaps even more dear by corp ses or tne joved ones, tied to: our - memory. Boyhood has hope and manhood fears, and we too soon learn that every joyous spot but a musing place for anguish, and a cradle for the tomb. - Childhood looks at home, glorious with present forms of life; but age turns to that "same homej and loves it because there are the graves of those cherished in his youth. ; "Thus graves and homes are sadly blent y Wherever spreads the Jirmameht,' ' A few short'years and then, the' boy " ' Sha'l miss, beside tho household hearth. Some treasure from his store of joy, - ; : To find it riot on earth; - ' A, shade within its saddened walls- VV Shall Bit,-in some beloved's room, . And one dear name, he vainly calls,7 " 1 ; ' Be written on the tomb ' ; And he have learnt, from all beneath, Mis first, dread, bitter taste of death! And years glide on, iill Manhood's comet And where the young, glad faces were, Perchance the'once bright, happy home . Hath manv. a vacant chair: A darkness, from the chuchyard shed, ' . Hath fall'n on each familiar roomi Arid much of all Home's light hath fled, And household gifts that Memory saves But help to count the household graves. . . ' CttKSCENT Cty, ; PUBLIC LANDS; The statistics below, in reference to the Bulletin, and are very' in terestin ' -The interest of the vast fund, that might be ob tained from their sale would be su fficien t for government expenses. ' " i. 'Public Lands. It was Jefferson, ive tliink, who declared that our public lands, if iudiciouslv manasred, would constitute a lund siulicient to support the ; general state government throughout all time. 'I'he idea can scarcely be deemed extrava gant, when the vast extent of this domain is taiven into consiaerauon -. -j? rom a re port of the Secretary of the Treasury, made last year in obedience to a call from con gress, it appears that the whole amount of tlie lands ot the united States, to wnicrt the Indian title has been extinguished is 3 19,530,232 acres, a The deduction of the quantity sold and granted away leaves 229,811,000 acres now owned by the gov ernment of the United States, which would at the minimum price of $1 25 per acre, amount to $287,133,000 upwards of two hundred and eighty-seven millions of dollars. 1 lie lact must also De Kept in view, that the domain of the United States to which the Indian title has not been ex tinguished, is vastlv larirer than the abovre esijmatc. The Indian title is not vet ob- tained to all within the states and territo- rics; but beside these, the Commissioner m the General Laud office in 1S27 esti mated the amount beyond the new states and territories at 7o0,000,000 of acres The COSt of these lands in our ffOVem- nient has been S 123,359,272. The reve- nue paid into the treasury as the proceeds OI the sale ot the public lauds, IS set down at su 'JUO.UiiO, 1 lie cost ot these lands therefore exceed the receipts 'from their coin v-..r-- i, eos nnnnnn. Uif a "a" o,uuu,wu, w i s oaiauce, we nave nearly a inousana mimon oi tana unincumbered, and worm more than that number 'of dollars. From these facts a correct opinion may be for med of the immense and incalculable val ue of the public domain. Judiciously managed and husbanded, it will prove a productive land for the people, and an ample patrimony that will not fail for ages. "JfCrs t-i.f1u'S,ftsrnf(J almost dying excla maijfon of the voluptuous novelist, Hoffman. Sucli was his love of life of what he called the sweet habitudobcing.JlIedie,d.,at . Berlin by piecemeil dictating his wild stp rivs to the last. Strange stories they -were indeed for a dying man to w rite,..,, The closing scene was striking and instructive. His feet and hands, his legs and arms, had for 'months become perfectly paralysed and motionless. At length he lost a 1 sensation -though , his fan cy retained its creative power. Feeling no more pain, he said to his physician, (thinking he was about to recover) 1 feel no more pain, it wiil soon be over.' '. Yes,. said the medical man, giving another and i more impressively solemn meaning to his words, will soon be ocr." When made fully aware: that" he was dying he called his wife to his bed side and begging her to fold his motionless hands to gether said, lifting his eyes to heaven, toe must then think nf God also)' Shortly afteHieW'.of'-Mr.' Vail Burcn, . WOllld the expiring fla me of; life glared up again within him, and fancying he might still post-, pone intrusive thoughts of God and eternity he said, 'I shall be well enough in . the eve ning to go on vtth the tale I have been indi ting.' 1'e asked for the reading of the last sentence, and Just as it was finished, expired, Thus passed to its solemn account a;human soul, ricnly, gloriously gifted, - but utterly faithless to the high trusts of the stewardship of genius. It , is worth a student's . while,' s;iys a popular writer,-'to observe how' tobac co, wine and midnight did their Vork upon the delicate fra'meof Hoffman.' It is worth one's while also to observe how is profound in difference to the concerns of the soul ' is strengthened by habits of sinful ' indulgence', and the" postponement: of "all serious -'thoughts J 4 of the claims of religion, tHl even the 'death bed lai Is lo be 'a detector of the heart,' and the infatuated spirit 'departs to its high audit, amidst' the appalling, gloom' tf an j hi penitent and reprobate state Gambier Observer, -. . . -Ancient Books. ' V v Pausanias': relates that a : book ' by llesiod was written on. leaves oriead'ard Herodotus mentions the' use of tkintf. by the lonians, when papyrus was' scarce, which seems to show that he wrote on papyrus,or tho manufacture of the paper reeds of Egypt,', which grew by the brooks. Pliny mentions . linen books, and Virgil alludes to books that were made of the inner rind of thevelm. The waxen hand ta. blea of tho. ancients' are well . known,' which were inscribed upon the point of the style, and smoothed with its flat end. u111180 Put uPsro;vu. Pickles." -1 he housekeeper at tho .White House, a lew days ago, came to - Van Buren to know how manv.Dickles and rtf lrlint envt be would have put un for -ftmihr:crt . The answer'she received, was 'letHarri- o put up nis own pickles; : Philadelphia Standard. USEFUL BECIPE. Tsend you below, Messrs. Editors, a xecipe for : making a composition which wii i renuer wooa entirely lncomDustiDic. It is very simply prepared arid easy of ap plication, being used the same as paint with an ordinary brush. A good coat of it applied to the floor beneath stoves would be an excellent precaution; . u-- . Take a quantity of water, proportioned to the surface of wood you may wish to cover and add to it as much potash as can be dissolved therein. . When the water ' will dissolve no more potash, stir into tho solution, 1st, n quantity of flour paste of the consistency of common painter's size; 2nd, asuflicient quantity of pure clay to render it of the consistence of cream. . Wben the clay is well mixed apply the preparation as before directed, to the wood; it will secure it from the action of both fire and rain. In a most violent fire, wood thus saturated may be carbonated but will never blaze." '-'"V -: '''''-ii . ' If desirable, a most agreeable color can be given to the preparation by adding a small quantity of red or yellow ochre. It might also be useful for you to men tion in your paper especially at this sea son of high winds, that a handfull or two of floiir of sulphur thrown on the fire, when a chimney, is burning out, ' will al most instantly extinguish the flames.? L. xtujy aio commercial tiavcriisr i BOSTON AND S t. LOUIS. The western people probably, are not' generally aware that the great enterprise of connecting St. Louis and Boston, by a chain of rail roads, is going forward with prospects of speedy accomplishment. ThJ distance from St Louis to Boston As about ; twelve hundred and seventy eight miles Of this will be completed next year from Bos- ion to litmaio, nve nunarea ana mirty. five miles in Ohio on the shore of lake Erie, sixty-three miles in Michigan near the south line, sixty-five miles making more than half the whole distance, em bracing two-thirds of the whole expense. The works in the west, are for the present suspended , by the want of funds; it is ex pected that operations will be resumed at an early date. Here is enterprise exhib ited on as rranda scale .as. th wUoct-iv a plan to connect Boston with r St. Louis, would have been regarded as visionary as a scheme to bridge the Atlantic ocean. But a few more years will witness the ac complishment of the project, , and the ex tension of the road, perhaps many miles -westward. Wheeling Gazette.- - USE OF THE STANDING ARMY. Mr. John Mann, states over , h is own . signature, "'m'the Susquehanna, (Pa.) Re- gister, ot the 22d instant, that during the. election in Choconut township, on. the- 13th inst., a troop of about sixty locofocos, many ot them trom New; York state, mar ched up to the polls in military, army, -with drum beating and fife playing, and GUNS ON THEIR SHOULDERS, to overawe the citizens, many of whom were desirous of voting the Harrison ticket, but did not, for fear of losing their lit esl This is the purpose to which the 200,000 doubtless be devoted, if the people" had all been frightened out- oflheiri choice of a more honest and republican President. Freemen of the Union!-you have made a fortunate escape from I an Buren , and a military.de&'potism.MaV. ? - I Children are never tired of asking ques- . tionsj anc funny ones they ask too some-timesf--hear this little girl now Mother, do horses wear shoes? -Yes, child.'. . ," ' " r What kind of shoes are they, mother!' : 'Iron shoes, child , r Ij c Vi'IIow.do they put them on, mother?1. ; 'They, nail them on with iron nails, '"my dear.'." ; ; ' ' ; ' - -" : 'Do horses take off their shoes when they gt) to bed, inolher? ' , ' 4U, go away, child don t you see I m busy? What a tongue you have got Many of our renders will be abtcto'tcs tifytothe truth of the following extract from the Nantucket Inquirer.- ; ;"orowing:wuu variations. It was remarked by one of the speakers at the Avhig meeting on Saturday evening that such was the happy elasticity of spi rit manifested, if not felt by the locofocos, at tlie result ot tne recent elections, as they are successively disclosed, that the more they are beaten - the louder they crow. This crowing however," has assumed a 1 new tone it is ho longer crowing,' but screeching yelling, howling, like rerout ed horde of bandits, infuriated at the pros pect ot being driven lorever trom their fastnesses, stripped of their spoils-end forthwith brought to justice!'' ,;; Cr-Cork wood . cut in small particles has been founa an excellent -substitute : for hcrtu hair, in stuffing sofas, chairs, 5cc. The in vention has been patented in "England: it U used at a saving of two hundred per cent. "NVe suppose that' s, man who uses a 'cork leg by day can, If he wishes to be economical make a bolster cf It at night. Pic, "