OCR Interpretation

Whig Republican. [volume] (Lexington, Miss.) 1840-18??, December 17, 1840, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016941/1840-12-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

v . - s'vji'jjx--'-- . . . r-: -.. - . . - . . . . ... . ... ,-. .-. . ; , . - -
. . ' 1 " : : . - . . ' . - . , - g-
TEIiiMS. Five Dollars in advance, or
Six Dollars at the end of six months. No
subscription will be discontinued until all ar
rearages arc paid, except at the option of the
publisher. Persons wishing to discontinue,
wii! please give notice therof in writing-.
(trNo subscription received for a less time
than. six months.
5Advertisetnents inserted at the rate of
O.nk Dollar per square (ten l;nes or less) for
the first insertion, and Fifty Cents a square
Or each continuance. .
TLAdvertisements which are not limited
,,!) the manuscript, as to the number cf inser
tions, will be continued until ordered out, and
charyvd accordingly.
fcr-Articles of a personal nature, whenever
.Emitted, will be charged at the rate of Two
Dollars fur every ten lines for each insertion.
Political Circulars or Public Addresses, for
the benefit of individual persons or companies,
will be charged as advertisements, and at the
Mt;no rates.
iVrAn pouncing Candidates for office, will
ie Ten Dollars each.
Or-All Job Work must be paid for on de
i very.
.JPostage on letters must be jaid, or they
w,,; not be attended to.
The following gentlemen are respectfully
p i. mMed to act as Agents for the Whig Uo
j.;iilican. Persons having business for us, or
u:iu aredes;rous of subscribing for our paper,
u-.ii please call on any of these gentlemen at
ti.elr respective places of residence and it will
i t with prompt attention.
: N. D. Coleman, P. 31.
F. 31 aksc iialk,
: J. J. Moore, (U. Hal!,)
: S N- Nye,
: K. Faton Keys, P. 31.
: ) 11. M. Sj S. L.Corwine.
: ( John W. Mokuis,
Post 31 aster,
: S J. H. Kollins,
: I (i. F. V. Nelson,
: II. H. Oliver,
J. C ('l iter,
: -Mather Sc Flliot,
: Any (loon Winu,
: S I). Harrett,
: Foster,
James Howard,
Yizjo City,
( I
mil 1'
( omcrtf,
A '111 sco,
: Ii. C. Perry,
) . I OAJUhh lhlUIIV.L,
i w i '
-I. H . I-jSKKIlHiE.
l.u'LlidrCs More, V. Lock n art, P. M.,
li'hicliny : : Dr. Junks, P. 31.,
Ill i' k-IIaick,
: IIR. LWiltAM),
: ( (jI It.LASPIE.
J ' ro ?i the Knickerbocker, fur November.
I nder a spreading chesnut tree
The village smithy stands;
The smith, a mighty man is he,
With large and sinewy hands;
Ar.d the mufcles of his brawny arma
Are strong as iron bands.
His hair is crisp, and black, and long;
His face is like the tan;
brow is wet with honest sweat;
He earns whate'er he can,
Ar.d looks the whole world in the face,
For he owes not any man.
Week out, week in, from morn till night,
You can hear his bellows blow; .
1 vu ( an hear him swing his heavy s!edgc,
With measured beat and slow,
Lke a sexton ringing the old kirk chimes
When the evening sun is low.
Ar.J children coming home from school
Look in at the open door;
They love to see the flaming forge,
And hear the bellows roar,
Ai.d catch the burning sparks that fly
Like chatF from a threshing floor.
Ho rocs on Sunday to the church,
And cits among his boys; ' "
iears the Darson nrav and nreach.
v ' .
He hears his daughter's voice,
iiiing in the village choir, .
Ai.d it makes his heart rejoice.
It sounds to him like her mother's voice.
Singing on Paradise! . .
Bo needs must think of her once more, . .
How in the grave she lies;
And with his hard rough hands he wipes
A tear from out his eyes. -
1 oiling rejoicing sorrowing
Onward through life he goes:
Each morning sees some task begin, - .
Each evening sees it close;
. . - .t. .i
tnethihg attempted eomeuiu uuui. .
l. - l .Irrlit's renosc.
las carneu -
relinks to tliee, my worthy friend,
tV sson thoii hast taught ! :
i must be wrought;
fori !
:? anvil siia)eu
".ind thought.
From correspondence of the JV. Y.lmerican.
Boston, (Eng.) Olirer Cromwell."
. In traversing the counties of Essex, Suffolk,
and Norfolk, on the coast of England, 1 have
been struck with the similarity in the names
of the towns, and those in eastern Massachu
eetts, a strong indication that the goodly Netv
England State was settled by-emigrants from
this-part of old England. I could not feel
like a foreigner :n Ipswich, Chelmsford, Mai
den, Braintree, Waltham, Lynn,- Attleboro,
Bingham, Yarmouth, Sudbury, ' Haverhill,
Stow, 3Iarlboro, or Necdham, and I am quite
at home here in Boston. Identity of language
strengthens the delusion. Hut the charm is
easily broken. This is not the Boston. Nor are
these plains, extending for scores of miles,
with scarce an elevation to rest the eye upon;
these prime hedgerows; these tile-roofed vil
lages, whose church-bells have tolled the knell
of centuries; these vilely clad women and
children, gleaning the harvest fields to gather
the straws which the hand of parsimony has
dropped; these donkey-carts creeping to mar
ket with the laboring man's pittance; these
haughty liveries, lavish of power and pomp;
these, these are not the England. Who would
exchange them for the free soil, the free lands
of that
Land of the forest and the rock,
Of dark Wue lake and mighty river,
Of mountains reared aloft to mock
The storm's career, the lightning's shock
3Iy own green Land forever '
ThoHjrh the zig-zag route we followed from
Ipswich to Boston furnished many, objects of
interest, I will barely allude to two or three
of them. Thsrc was Bury St. Edmunds,
with its great Abbey, built, by William the
Conqueror, now a pile of ruins covering many
acres. An extensive botanical garden, fringed
and interwoven with every variety of plants
and flowers, occupies what was once the inte
rior quadrangle of the Abbey. Two of the
main gateways, in good preservation, impress
the beholder with all that is chaste and ma
jestic in the combination of Norman and Sax
on. Some handsome dwelling houses have re
cently been inserted in the old walls, and their
gay modern windows, green' doors,, and red
roofs, mingling with the hoarv antiquity of the
Abbey, give it a romantic and unique appcar-
We stopped in Cambridge long enough to
admire one of the choicest specimens of Goth
ic work in England, the Chapel of King's
College; and to catch a glimpse at the flowing
gowns and brisk caps of the literary loiterers '
on the banks of the "Classic Cam." Ketur
ning from a ramble through the crooked streets
of the town in which there is an odd mixture
of meanness with magnificence we found our
post-chaise at the hotel door. Promising our
selves another visit to Cambridge after we
had seen its rival,--Oxford, our horses leaped
towards Huntingdonshire, the birth place and
residence of Oliver Cromwell, the humble
brewer of Huntingdon, the puritan farmer of
St. Ives, the matchless conqueror of Naseby,
and far-sighted and high-minded Protector of
the British Commonwealth. - Those who have
copied Cromwell's character from the prejudi
ced pages of Hume and Goldsmith, will w onder
that we lingered two or three days with increas
ed interest around the youthful haunts of this
"Hypocrite and Usurper." But, so it is. Our
hearts swelled as we stood on the spot of his
birth in the homely little town of Hunting
don. Even the dust on the walls of its old
schcol-room, where "Cromwell's desk" is
shown, was precious in our sight. We spent
gratifying hours in looking at his handwriting
(bold and 6trong, like the man) inscribed on
the Church records when he was .warden of
St. Ives, and in walking through the house
and over the farm he so long occupied in" that
retired village, when training his m'.nd and
heart for that struggle whose earthquake was
to topple, headlong, the sanctified, corruptions
of ages. Our, free blood grew warm in riding
over the plains cultivated by the Indepor dents
of" Huntindonshire the "Ironsides" of the
revolutionary anny whom Cromwell .. fired
with a hatred of kingly and priestly tyranny,
which, in after years, marshalled by his skill
in the field, swept: to ruins the legions of an
arrogant court and hierarchy, like chaff before
the whirlwind. All this may seem wild -enthusiasm.
But, who' that loves freedom of
conscience in religious faith" arid ecclesiasti
cal government, will not admire the Ijold and'
consistent champion of this, priceless princi-
An impartial biography of 'qiiverC
is yet to be written. ltlUst"iiave ditscoijrg
edof him, .-iFe' said to Sir Harry Vaneyfj
would'as'soon put up my. sword through the
heart of the king as that of any othcrman "
What a'rent in.the -sacred veil which shroud
:ed the ahnointed tyrant ! The startling lrutll
the King is but a man-streamed through
it. Churchmen have written of him, JIe
stabled his troopers Ui their caiio,rai&
seeing twelve silver statues -in the niches of
the chapter-housa at" York Minister, "asked the
trembling" Dean; "What are these!" ."The
twelve Apostl2i,": . 'Tako them-down and
coin them into money, that they may go about
doing good like their 3Iaster." Scotch Pres
byterians have carped at him. He dashed in
pieces their iron system, and erected indepen
cy on its ruins. Infidel historians . have blot
ted his character. lie preached and prayed
with the Puritans of Huntingdonshire. Lit
erary aristocrats have lampooned him. He
came up from the mass wrested the plate of
Cambridge University from the royalists, who
were about to melt it for the use of Charles;
imprisoned the heads of the colleges for diso
beying the orders of Parliament; and, more
than all, was no poet, knew little of -Virgil,
and wrote in a lumbering, entangled style.
Contemporaneous republicans call him a ty
rant. And such republicans! He ground
them to powder, . because, under the name of
Freedom, they plotted to restore monarchy,
and to bring back the gags and dungeons, and
faggots of the ecclesiastic. There have lived
those who have even disputed the talents of
Crom well. ' Hut, the fact stands but before the
world, thnt an obscure individual, without ti
tle, property, or influential friends, created
; the means and trained the men, which, under
his learilship, conquered in many a field, and
against fearful odds, the hereditary chivalry of
England. When the issue afterwards came,
who should consolidate and govern the new
commonwealth, the scores of
; c round the revolutionary council-board of 10.10,
i found a master-spirit among them, whose al
titude they had never measured. The brev
er became the Protector, and the farmer of
St. Ives gave law to Britain. Nor did he,
in the height of his power, despise the steps
by which he a?ccnde(L Freedom of conscience
' one conspicuously on his escutcheon; and
I wi,jje wjtj, onc jian(j j,e lhe Quakcr
if -neisccution at home, with the other he
wrung respect find homage - for the Common
wealth from every monarch in Europe.
The country between Huntingdon ajid Bos
ton is intensely monotonous a dead level of
00 miles, whose every inch bears the verdant
impress cf assiduous cultivation. Such an un
broken contiguity of prim tillage palls upon
the eye. A heath, a hill, a ledge of rocks, a
patch of shrub-oake, or a clump of birch bush
es, would give it an Arcadian richness. Onei
da swamps in the middle of the Sahara-garden
would be hailed an oasis, and a1 llocjk of
musquetocs from the Cayuga marshes birds
ol l'aradisc. Uur coach slid along th? even
road as the wind glides over the ice-fields.
We longed for the hub-deep ruts of western
New York, or the corduroy bridges of Illi
nois, to bre.-tk up the drowsy apathy. Though
old England's Boston is a "considerable of a
place," has one or two pretty streets, a score
of curious wind-mills, a church whose towers
hide its pinnacles in the clouds, yet no one who
had looked out on Massachusetts Bay of Na
ples from Fort Hill, or sketched the blue hills
of Norfolk, or the forest-crowned swells of
Middlesex, from the State House dmne, or
seen Lynn city of cordwaincrs and Quakers
stretching along the east coast like a mar
ble clifi", would exchange New England's Bos
ton for a thousand of it. No
Where'er I roam, whatever realms I see,
My heart, untravelled, fondly turns to thee.
The approaching marriage of the Rus
sian Count Demidolf to the Princess Ia-
tild, daughter of Prince Jerome Bonaparte
has produced a irreat stir in the Parisian
'fancy warehouses.' It would be too te
dious to enumerate all that the Parisian
fourmsscurs have prepared for the Prin
cesss' 'corbeille; butone portion of it which
is particularly striktng is the ?livre de mar
riage, which' is destined for the Princess's
use. A concurrence of the principal ar
tists of Paris has enriched this precious
book with a multitude of paintings, as vari
ed in their composition as remarkable for
the delicacy and elegance of their execu
tion. The cover ot this book is of white
velvet, richly clustered with ornaments
exquisitely chissclled in silver. On one
side, the imperial arms are enameled; on
the reverse, the Count DemidofPs cipher
appears in raised work of gold on aground
of blue enamel. . A superb clasp with
tassels complete the exterior ornaments.
lhe book is enclosed ma magnificent
case of encrusted ivory, ' turned up with
granite-colored velvet. . . .
We love to , look out upon the stars,
'which are the poctrv of heaven' and
: speculate upon their nature whether tlicv
are wonus oi nnglitncss islands of h""lU
the pavement of heavcii. If wo
whom iiihnhifffl mill lirtiir n.'rj'''
the same tm-nioaiid
;.4:r.. 1 i.i - ,t- -vvt UJiw.
ftUllu tU,u JJ "ST Ar,hloJithe same
TLll"r t. 'nptiilt mill
.uOUSnCU uiu fainv, j,"'r . -
reuTi ess characterize them, lliat-mar
v,.i I.,. . :. wr inhabit; it
oWr their numbers may be fouiut the.
Tame which Sah'a- together' at the creation
rc bright parTicular star that hovered
over v., birth-place of Bethlehem's babe
yat bctcjme of those that,froni; time to
time, are in,3iri frnm tlie o-littermsr ranks:
where has lied the Lost Pleiad,5 sosweet-
ly sung by oiic whose harp is now silcnt---whose
impassioned lyre' once poured
vi;arniug pit.. ,r - . .. , , ; m .
e uievt stars, P0 calm, so, bright,
"ould I liad-portion in your light, I
Could read the secrctof your birth
: Acr!it, anything but 1 his dull earth., -..
From the Knickerbocker of October 184 .
TFlien the Floridas were erected into a
Territory of the United States, one of the
earliest cares of the governor, William P.
Duval, was directed to the instruction and
civilization of the natives. For this pur
pose, he called a meeting of the chiefs, in
which he, informed them of the wish-of
their great father at Washington,-that they
sliould have schools and teachers anion?
them, and that their children should he
instructed like the children of white men.
The chiefs listened with their customary
silence and decorum to a long speech,
setting forth the advantages' that would
accrue to them from this measure; and
when he had concluded, begged the inter
val of a day to deliberate on it.
On the following day, a solemn convo
cation Avas held, at which one of their
chiefs addressed the Governor in the name
of all the rest. . "My brother,'' said he,
"we have been thinking over the proposi
tion of our Great .Father at Washington
to send teachers and set up schools among
us. We are vcrv thankful for the interest
lio fi1.-r2 111 Al I r iinl fi lint oTtTr" kv-h1
uiiiv.j 111. Ulll tHlllUk,, will, UllVl JUlllslI
ii i i i i i i I- i
o I nnmtimi Ii n m - I tn Ir1 tn lnr 1 1 1 in lite
oiler. What will do very well .for white
men, will not do for red men. I know
you white men say we all came from the
same father and mother, but you are mis
taken. We have a tradition handed
down from our forefathers, and we believe
it, that the Great Spirit when he under
took to make man, made the black man;
it was his first attempt, and pretty well for
a beginning; but he soon saw that lie bun
gled, so he determined to try his hand a
gain. lie did so and made the red man.
lie liked him much better than the black
man but still he was not exactly what he
wanted. So he tried once more, and made
the white man and then he was satisfied.
You see, therefore that you .were made
last, and that is the reason 1 call you my
youngest brother.
"When the Great Spirit had made the
three men, lie. called them, together and
showed them three boxes. The first was
filled with books, and maps and papers;
tliesectyi2 with bows and arrrows, knives
and tomahawks; the third "with spades,
axes, hoes and hammers, , "Those, mv
sons" said he 'are the means by which you
are to live; choose among them according
to your fancy.'
: "The white man being the favorite, had
the first choice. He passed by the box of
working tools without notice; but when
he came to the weapons of war and hunt
ing, he stopped and looked hard at them.
The red man trembled, for he had set his
heart upon that box. -The -white .man,
however, after looking upon it for a mo
ment, passed on and chose the box of
books and papers. The red man's turn
came next, and you may be sure he seized
with joy upon the arrows and tomahawks.
.A s to the black man, he had no choice
left but to put up with the box of tools.
"From this it is clear that the Great
Spirit intended that the white man should
learn to read and write; to understand all
ollt the moon and stars, and to make
e very thino-.e ven rum and whiskev. That
the red man should be a first rate hunter,
and a mighty warrior, but he was not to
learn any thing from books, as the Great
bpirit had not given him any; nor was he
to make rum and whiskey, lest he should
kill himself drinking. As to the black
man, as he had nothing but working tools,
it was clear he was to work for the white
and the red man, which he lias continued
to do.
"We must go according to the wishes
of the Great Spirit, or we shall get into
trouble. To know how to read and write
is very good for the white man, but very
bad for tl ic red .man. It makes, white men
better, but it makes red men worse. Some
of the Crecivs and Cherokees learned to
read and write, and they are the greatest
rascals among the Indians. They went
got there thcy.alT
of" )apcr, wiwrotc ur""";;
i ' r iLhlj nation at home
laiovin"-liiout . , iUa
any .t'";. o , . . in ,Minvv of tiie
"Vrllnd tcehter bv the
5 who showed them a. nuie
niece v I I. . ' . .. ... . i..i ',r,lD in
ti' (" .
.Tonrtf will oh he told th eni
Sincli meirlbrothers . had ;made iii
he r names with their Great, Father at
'WashingtoiuVAnu ay : mey . ki nut
what a treaty was,, he hem ;up;uie,iuuu
piece of paper, and - they -looked under it,
and lo! it covered a great extent of coun
try, aiid they iouiid:: that ; their brethren',
by knowing how to read and write: had
void their houses, and their lands, and the
at V ashinirton therafnm ' thot are .:Tery
sorry we cannot receivQ,acner an011S
is; for readiiio; and hng, though very
good for vhitejirj it is very bad for In
dians "
to Y ashington, and said they were go
in coo i noir rrmnr h.ninpr nn'r
I ll III ll if I III 111' 11,11 II II ir .1L1 1UII1
m. 1 VJ ii VJ. ft . A A V- A A V.V V1V H . ;- . .
""raves of their fathers, and that tne.wnne'V": "7 Y' -.r
knowing how to read and wrf cmg him in a clmir .decorated with
S LL ti,rtt; . rpAit A,;.taiher flowers, v they earned; him to the tent,
From the Health Journal. - -DEATH
I have -seen, and am "much- , pleased with
your paper, and doubt not it will do much good'.
I hope" for it an extensive circulation. In
one-of your late numbers you call for facts,
whether ' communicated in elegant , language
or not. -I have recently learned, oae to'which
I-gave all possible" publicity, and have told it
in almost every circle of the young, in which
I have since found myself. Two weeks since,
while on a visit to the house of a. respectable,
long experienced physician, in one of the
soiltben boundary towns in New Hampshire,
he gave me in substance the followiug accoiiut,
as near as I can recollect. .
He was called a week or twer previous, to
visit a young female, I think over twenty"
years of. age, who was distressingly ill of k
complaint of the lungs, laboring undei great
difficulty of breathing, which his discrimi&a
tion led him at once to impnte to a long contin
ued practice of tight lacing a practice which'
is slaying its thousands and! tens of thousands
in our enlightened lt.nd. There was, in hid
opinion, an adhesion of the lungs to the chest,
and a consequent inflammation, which' had
proceeded to such a height that death was in-
i .
Little or nothing could be done. ,
ri. . , f ' , c f
m. ne poor gin, auer a iew uays oi acute eui-
fering, fell a victim to (what shall I say! I
am unwilling to wound the feelings of her
friends) her own folly and vanity. It coiild
not be suicide, because no such result was con- -templated,
though the deed was done by her
own hand.' W.e can call it by no softer name
than self-slaughter, for such even an external
examination of the body proved it to hate
The shoulder blades were found to be liter
ally lapped one over the other; the false ribs
had been so compressed, that the space of only
about an inch and a half remained between
them; and so great was the curvature "of the
spine, which had been girded in by the cords
of death, that after the corpse was laid out for
interment, two pillows were put under. the
arch thereby formed, while the shoulders res
ted on the board. She was a large healthy
person, and was ignorantly led, by the desire
to please, to sacrifice her life at the shrine of
fashion and the prevailing false ideas of beau
ty of form. She was said to be of amiable
disposition and correct moral habits, other
wise."' - 7'"'" "
My own mind was so impressed with thur
recital of. this story, that I could hardly for
bear weeping over the folly, weakness, ignor
ance, and wickedness of my sex. I inwardly
wished for the ability to ring.this case of suf
fering and'death in the ears of every female
in our land, until they voluntarily assumed
"strait jackets," that indicate nothing better
than mental aberration in the wearers, shouPd
be Voluntarily thrown aside. - '
The New. York Commercial remarks:
'there is likely to be some strife as to
which" of the whig states is to claim the
National Flag, which is to be awarded to
that which gives the highest majority, in
proportion to the whole amount ot its vote.
Rhode Island, the other day stood the best
chance for it. . Hut Vermont, with a swell
of fifteen thousand, now talks of claim-
j inS- Boston is the Hag city she having
given the largest majority; for Harrison.
Vermont whether the flag state or not, has
the flag county one of her counties hav-
! ig beaten Genesee. Every county in-
ei mum, inureuv ej nas , cast a majority
for Harrison. Such also is the fact in
Delaware, with the addition that not a
single Van Buren man has been elected to
the legislature. Hut there are sonie little
spots even brighter in the Mississippi
country. In one town in the state of Mis
sissippi only one solitary vote was cast for
Lthe Van Ruren electors, and when the
poor man who 'didit'satf the result, of the
ii i iv j jh.. ,. r -i . .
pun, ne uiiuj . Tw'Miin
!e'c oWn;i.'liis votca.
'111 I jT ;
t Pat in Missouri there is one
has done better yet: every vote
en for Harrison. That certainly
The-Haw town of the union, . ,
11 ov
1 1 1
G reat Match of an Arab Horse to per
; !' form lUO Miles in 1'ive Days. ;
' The above extraordinary match took
place on the 27tli of July last, at the sta
tion of Bangadof e, under the Madras, Pre
sidency.;' It is reckoned one of tlie great-" V
est feats of horsemanship thaVhas ever
been performed. . The animal was ' the .
property .of Captain Home, of the Madras
artillery, who backed him todb the task
for a wager of 5,000 rupees, (500 sterling.) :
Theodds atstartiifgwere'dto and af
terwards 4 to i against the rider. The -horse
won1; gralld style. .On reaching
the wit,ni Post Captain Home's troop .
- - .
Qn.rseariuieryjcompit" uuwuves unu
amid- - triumphant cheering. Captain"
Home, came in perfectly fresh, and on tho
second day he yas out yistin around. the
station oii dp6ney, after riding 91 miles.
viii-Ai-ionTu: fnn r him ntt his linrsp nnrl
i 1 1
M 1

xml | txt