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BEACON THE MACON NUMBER 18. MACON, MISSISSIPPI, SATUUDAY, MARCH 8, 1002. " VOLUME LII. MARCH. MOI. IBB. WED. THUR. m. If 18 9 20.2l IT 25 26 27 28 3?X .... GOLFPORT, MISSISSIPPI. K.jV. KU 9iV.-Kik9ili.-KU KUKUKk. k uukkukuukuku-kuk ICS OF THE DAY. VB ntOM E7EBYVHEBE. TY-5EVENTH CONGRESS. iAv he senate, on tho 24th. the Philip U rllt Mil. utter eight hours tumulto- Ib.ito. wot passed, by a vote of 40 M Tillman and McL-aurin were flue t., ht (o participate In 4-te--ir the Void Onl.V one amendment than those of the committee, was VKl-thiit rcMrliting the opf-nitlon ot edition laws enacted by the rati lwlon.... In thn house, after rou ,;; justness and the passage of feo me of no general Interest, the session ilevoted to consideration of the - j Ana,,in nmirnnrlution bill. It from Prince Henry elicited sup ii id applause. X, senate was not In session on the ... .!ln the house, the diplomatic and L2?lar appropriation hill was passed, the fifth of the regular annual sup f Ills to be sent to the senate at this n No amendments of Importance adopted. The question of retorm In onsXr service was delmtedto some h, but no amendments on the subject adopted, . ,. .he senate, on the Mth. a large ami 1 ln the galleries, which had gothi r al tlclpatlon of a reopening of the ( r,.,n of the controversy respecting! e of Senators Mcl.aurin and Tillman '') to participate In the proceedings I'. I bodvT were disappointed by the ntt ,m! aemeiit that the committee on pr'V I and elections had been unab e to "a decision on the matter, and the 'Tie almost Immediately adjourned ' housVthe I'hllh.pihe tariff bill was m" to conference, all of the senate laments having been n""-""''"" untie democrats sought to amend the 'mid relinquish all claim to the arctil s,T), but all such propositions were oe- !"fthe senate, on the 27th, as soon a ti jody was called to order, Mr. J-rye, ""lilts nvilai"t " , " ., i iter) had taken un appeal from the de ll of the chair on the Tillman-Mc-fln episode, which. In the chaos ci Mr.. nrA.r and ohiections, he had . ami fnrcotten. and had pro 1,. sd with other business. For this for ""Uness he begged pardon of the sen PK The senate adlourned early to at ifithe McKlnley memorial services in mf .i,rs,.niatlves The house '''' not in session, the hall of the house "-epresentatlves being occupied by a Inley memorial service, the senate, on the SSth, the report of '6 'committee, censuring the senators n ' South Carolina, was adopted -at to ft uring the roll-call on adoption of the . ..n Mr Tillman further offended 0l lenate by an Insulting remark, which 1 1 fterwards attempted to withdraw by Imous consent, which was not nb-,-d. The senate aodpted the conference ''ft on the permanent census bill, and n,0 took up the irrigation measure, and mnaldered the omnibus claims bill In the house, 150 private pension hills taken from the calen.iur una passeo, iJconference report on the census hill adopted, and the nouso uujourneu un. Personal and general. fiuce Henry of Prussia ntteuuet! iuemoriul services in linnor of the I President MeKinley, at the. na 111 eapltol, on the 27th, ami after tds Tisitctl Mount Vernon, wlievr .- placed wreaths on the tomb of u. Jthington una planteu u hmlcn tre the Inwti. rs. Arabella D. Huntington, witl "o Collin P. Huntington, has just . vl $31,800 in cash as customs duty v-Klnls, who frequently have to ling- Hvlth women over the tribute to ' lie Sam, ileclured that she was a ,a3on of travelers. i'lliam Matthews, a railroad fire oil tli e STIh, put on a maslc, cn -f- d the bunk of l'latow, Minn. "frpowereil and locked up the cash ""jind took f 1,500 from the safe. He ' gut freight train for (Honeo- was nrrested there, confessine; p-crime. All the money but ten ara was recovered. ..the preliminary list of jockeys 11- I "Bed in l-lngland for 190:2 include I- t names of Danny Maher, Pastey '.Oermatt and W. E. liuclianun, the y erican riders. '.Urglant broke into the general n te of C. li. Larson, nt ('innbridge ,;on the night of tlio 20th, blew in the Mife with dynamite, titled nd made their cseupe with a stol sm. About $100 in money, with -lutity of stanips, checks, drafts was secured. grand jury concluded its in itlgtttlon into the New York Cen ,1 tunnel disaster of Jnunary 8, or. B1. S7tH, and found an indictment f hslaughter against John M. Wirli jthe engineer of the White Plains jnl which ran Into the Norwulk lo- HI in the tunnel. A bench warrant issued for Wirkev's nvrest K President lioosevelt and Prince j! 'nry took a horseback ride, in the In, on the 2Sth, lasting an hour nntl quarter, among the pretty suburb!- Uie national capital. "Prank Puvyear, n fugitive fron ;Xas, charged with assault, to kill " irnon Liddcll, in Gainesville, Okla t;-. the, 12th, has been arrested nt . xtmore nnd is being held for the " ocas oftlcers. !l Col. Kawlins scored the biggest suc e'fis of the recent Hoer drive in the ?inlty of Hiirrismith. le coinplete i , Rtirrotintled tt laager of 400 Boers " id gave them one hour in which to LlKidc whether they would snrrendet v fight. Tho Boers, finding escape possible, surrendered nt discretion jiid not a shot was fired. 1'he first American shoe store, run ."f American proprietors, has been es il.tilishcd in Paris, and carries only h:V manufactured in the United .ySites. The new enterprise, hits been jeuugurntcd by the American and i' ?ntitiental Shoe Leather syndicate. ,1'rig, -Ocn. I'nnston left Kansas City, jkXi the night of the 28th, for the eact. intended spending a few days in (iw York, going thence to Washing cin, returning to New York to attend l',?o banquet of the Lotus club on the ght of the 8th. -Anywhere from 20 to 70 miners "cro engulfed by o snowslido nt the jjiberty Bell mine, on Smuggler moun- Iln, Telluride, Col., on the 2Stb, and i rcscuft party, which ascended the Ira ok. Is .supposed to have been car red tfi tfsnth in the vullcy under at HlaiH-U 150 feet due". What Is Itelng Dane Toward Securing Deep-Water Ilsirbor on the Coast of Mtsalssiput. The people of Mississippi and. In fact, generally throughout the South are watching with Interest the devel opment of the plans for a genuine deep water harbor at Gulfport, Miss. The Gulf & Ship Island Railroad, ex tended anil completed to Jackson, Miss., within the last five years, with branches to Columbia, "on the Pearl river, and to Laurel, haa. as Is well known, opened up a vast amount of territory laud overgrown with virgin long leaf pine, land waiting only for the plow and human agency to make it blossoti with cotton and grain. The whole lino of road, some 250 miles, teems with activity; is fringed with saw and planing mills; with turpea tine and rosin stills; with fertilizer factories and cotton mills, and with as fine a class of towns as can be found on any Southern road; towns progressive, substantial aud perma D.e.n.t.This has resulted in producing an immense volume of business" mov ing to the interior, but it has done more than that. It has opened up possibilities for export trade which need only tho opportunity In order to become valuable and Important. In order to accomplish this latter fea ture, a port was needed, which should bo of such size and so complete that would afford every facility for in bound as well as export trade. The coast o Mississippi and the islands which lie some ten miles off shore furnish a natural harbor. The own ers of tho O. & S. 1. It. H., with char acteristic energy, and the expenditure of at least $2,000,000, present and in contemplation, have mapped out and more than half completed a magnifi cent channel and an extensive wharf, docks and anchorage basin. The chan nel is today open to a width of 100 feet and a depth or twenty foot. The Immense dock extends out into the sound more than a mile and is fur nished with a loading crane, spur tracks, lumber ramps and every pos sible facility for the expeditious han dling of cargoes. At this dale ships are loading and unloading without de lay and without difficulty, vessels drawing eighteen feet of water leave Gulfport in tow of powerful tugs and pass easily to the gulf. When com pleted the channel will bo 320 feet in width, with a depth ol not less than twenty feet at any point and it is said that experience in recent storms hab fully demonstrated the fact that the channel will remain open notwith standing the hardest blows; that il will not fill in with the action or the waves or of tho tide. The work has passed beyond the experimental stage and the volume of business which will be handled within tho next two years depends only on tho speed with which the present work is carried out. With three powerful dredges at work night and day, with their accompaniment oi tugs, barges and lighters, and witn a large force busy on tho pier and shore improvements there is no rea son to doubt the completion of the entire work as planned. Naturally at such a port as this there must be a town and people, nnd much business. Gulfport, which five years ago was practically a wilderness, Is today a thriving town of some 2,000 people; well provided with retail stores covering every line of business; with churches, public schools, electric lights, good streets nnd all the evi dences of prosperity and civilization. It has nn efficient Mayor and Board of Aldermen to control its municipal affairs; a progressive Business League to look after its business Interests, and Is an orderly, well-conducted nnd pro gressive place. The general offices of the G. & S. I. K. It. are located mere, and it is also on the. main line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Prop erty is considered a safe and desira ble investment and ia being eagerly purchased. In fact the demand for houses far exceeds the visible or con tracted supply. In addition to the mercantile houses, Gulfport is supplied with sev eral manufacturing plants, and will naturally welcome more. The oppor tunities are splendid for a sash and Wind factory, foundries, carriage fac tories, nnd others of a kindred nature. There aro at present in operation an Ice factory, a well-equipped canning factory, saw and planing mills, rail road shops, an electric, light and power house, with more to follow. Four hotels care ror me transient puu lie while two banks the First Na tional and the Hank of Commerce talto earo of the financial need3 of the section. Cities are not made in a day; It takes time, energy, money nnd faith to build them. But the citizens of CSulfport and of a largo area in the South hnve watched nnd assisted in -ho development of tho O. & S. I. It. 3 , of the channel to the sea, the deep water harbor, and of the town. Much is predicted for all of these things, md nn inspection leads only to the -onviction that the hopes are being realized daily. There is no boom; no hrae or bluster: simply steady im provement, solid work, good money being expended every minute, backed by brains nnd energy, with results vis ible to the eye of whomsoever will visit the port to see. The Legislature of Mississippi recently visited Gulf port na a body, nnd camo away con vlnepd that nil which had been said was true. We have yet to hear of any one who has visited and carefully looked over the town and the harbor who has failed to be impressed with the possibilities of tho work, as well as with tno actuanues. ii. msaua much to a very large section. It is not purely a local enterprise, depend ing for its success on the products of a limited area, or upon the fancy of a limited number of people. It means nn outlet to tne sea ior me whole State of Mississippi, for the vast interior north of thnt State. It means the operation or tne oniy com modious and complete seaport on the -onst between Mobile and New Or leans, the port or entry ror an cumcs. And as such its evolution and its sub sequent use will bo a matter of con gratulation to many, aud will result in greatly Increasing not only the wealth of individuals, but the wealth jf the State of Mississippi as well. No Chance for Keonomy. For a moment the father regarded the suitor thoughtfully. "If I refuse my consent," he said at last, "I suppose you will elope." "We have no such Intention," re turned tho suitor frankly. "You haven't?" returned the father, leemingly strangely disconcerted. "No, sir." "No likelihood of an elopement?" "None at nil." "It) thnt naw." paid tho fathor, with i eigh, "I stipioFC I will have to stand tho expense of a wedding. Tako her, my buy, M liBV,"-tirotklyu Estf I Mississippi Matters HOTES OF PASAND CURRENT EVENTS. By KATE MARKHAM POWER. KUK9iKiiKU9K'iKi:.KU9UKM.KKV.KU99 The past week has been one of great Interest in legislative circles and mnt- i ters of paramount Interest to the en tire Stato have been under discussion. Tho 1 acllliis of investigation seems to have taken possession of our law makers, and hss gotten in its work pretty thoroughly on all sides. The chief topic of discussion, not only iu Senate and House, but throughout all public places, hotels, clubs, etc., around the Capital City, has been the penitentiary investigation. As stated before in these columns, the commit tee appointed two years-ago by the Legislature from its own members has given a vast amount of time aud thought to this work, and has conduct ed Its investigation in a fair and care ful manner. The task before them was herculean. A great number of witnesses were examined and the com mittee, in its desire to be absolutely just to all parties, sent far and wide for witnesses to prove just what the honorable and, like Ca-sar's wife, "above reproach." Surely there could have been but one opinion among those who heard the spontaneous burst of indignation with which the Senate ai otio man denounced the in sinuation of wrongdoing there aud that opinion must have been that, ol all its precious treasures, Mississippi held this girls' college of ters most dear. Ne-er before has more perfect Pays Eloquent Tribute to Memory of the Late William McKinley. , ,, ty,a unanimity been shown on any quea- Your committee appeared on tne ' ' , r-i m inn.) tli tion before the Senate. More than morning of February 19, VMZ, at tne State Treasury, the books of said of- one member spoke of the college a flee shoeing at the time that there be apple o his eye; 'another likened ought to bo $1,136,403.37 in the vaults " Bolt f of the treasury. They proceeded to , "ver. and one and all swore a le count the funds therein and found the , t and pinned their faith 10 u.-i iufuiy milium. , luua was tuo ur SAYS HE WAS A TYPICAL AMERICAN. amount called for by tho books ac tually in the vaults of the treasury, as per Exhibit "A," which is filed here with, and asked to be considered a part of this report. Respectfully sub mitted, Jas- B. Evans, II. H. Hay. J. I. Loxoest, J. A. E. Pwjs, C, It. Cock. SrtKltl.NTEXIiENT OK EDUCATION. We havo examined tho books of said officer and find them accurately kept. We have further examined the receipts and disbursements of all the moneys coining into the said office, and find that thero is now a small management had been. Day and ! balance in tlio hands of tho bupenn night since the early days of the ses- J tendeut to pay all indebtedness. We sion they have been shut off from ; heartily commend our present Miper- everything but this important work, in the committee rooms. As the session drew to a close a resolution was adopt ed by the Legislature asking for a prompt report of tho work that had been done. This report was made and signed by all save ono member, who dissented, and one who was ill, but in order to do it tho investigation had to stop at its most important stage, and while its expert was still at work on the books of the penitentiary. Hie committee reported that in so far as they could discover the board had been honest; that there had been no mis appropriation of funds, but that the management had not been efficient, and a change in the law as to, the penitentiary management was recom mended. V'pon submission of tiie re port, for tho first time in tho expe rience of the oldest legislator, the re port of an investigation committee was not adopted without argument, but was followed by tho presentation of a resolution dismissing the com mittee and exonerating the manage ment as honest and efficient. This resolution opened the gates for long-pent-up floods of eloquence, and for two whole days the Senate and House, with their respective lobbies, listened to impassioned speeches on both sides of tile question. It did not seem to be tlio opinion of any man that intentional wrong had been done by tlio gentlemen in charge of the State's prison only such as would accrue from tho careless management of large Interests. On the other baud, it was contended that there had been no carelessness, but, on the contrary, tho State had been largely the gainer by the methods pursued by those in au thority. Intense feeling was developed during the debate and much bitter ness engendered during tho consider ation of tliis unusual resolution, and most of the Senators and Representa tives spoke for or against tho meas ure. To put it mildly, tho committee was placed In a most difficult position by this resolution. Had they been al lowed to complete their work there is no knowing what might have been their report, whether clearing or con demning tho warden and board. As it was, they were required to stop short off and make a partial report, After two days' discussion the matter was amicably adjusted by tlw substi tution of a resolution receiving the report and dismissing tho committee. Another committee was appointed to investigate the facts leading up to tho dismissal from the office of treasurer of Mr. Stowers, but Messrs. Stowcrs and Raiford refused to testify because they were under indictment by tho grand jury. Mr. Phil A. Rush like wise refused for similar reasons. The committee's findings were practically the samo as the facts that have al ready been published in this matter. In the forged interlineation in a bill passed by tho last Legislature, by which forgery the "Wineman heirs" of Chicago were tho gainers largely, the Investigating committee spent much time and summoned many wit nesses in their endeavor to get at all the facts in this outrageous and some what original violation of law. Their report does not make a specific charge ngalnst uny one, but the inference that has been drawn from it reflects se riously upon a man now high in af fairs of the Stato. We do not wish to do any mnn injury in these columns; hence make no afilrm.-.tions where a charge is not preferred. The committee to Investigate public offices varied the monotony by report ing favorable findings nnd honest men, hence we append its full report. intendent for the efficient work he has dono for the public schools of the btato, and think that no man could have accomplished more for the prog ress of education than ho has done. Respectfully submitted, W. B. Ai.swouth, G. E. Wilson, (STATE IIF.VKN't'E AtlENT. AVe examined tho receipts, vouchers and. all business pertaining to tho of fice nnd find that everything is correct and all moneys received have been properly paid to the proper parties en titled to receive the samo and prop erly accounted for. We most cordially commend tho Hon. Wirt Adams, tho present incumbent in said office, for efficiency and faithful performance of all duties incumbent upon him. Re spectfully submitted, K. F. Aubat, Chairman. STATE I.A.N'B COMMISSIONER. Your committee appointed to ex amine the office of Stato Land Commis sioner make report that we have per formed that duty and found the Land Commissioner in the active and faith ful discharge of his duties. Tho work of tiiis office is up to date. The books and papers appear to have been kept in a business-like way, aud we find no ground for complaint. The re ceipts for money paid into the treas ury are on file, and the applications to purchase lands, with all papers, are in shape to be readily examined and checked up. The recommendation made in hia report to the Governor appears to have been proper and fully borne out by the facts. T. J. Faut.kv. Chairman. BO.U'.P OF HEALTH. We have carefully examined the books of said board, beginning with November 9, 1889, and checking each item of expenditures up to September 30, 1001, and we find tho samo to have been correctly kept, and nil credits asked for supported by legal vouch ers corresponding witn tno lt.emizeu biennial report of the Board of Health placed on the desks of the members of this Legislature. And now, having fully reported, your committee respect fully asks to bo discharged. Respect fully submitted, A. Miller, Chairman; H. G. Johnston. nrt hctnf.k h!mif to his bi.oks. He Quick ly made up I lie time l...-.t in toiiIU-rii.it. lis atut-ktd t.-s Blackstoce an he would bav done a hostile tiitn.-i.chmf nt; flr.rt.r.g the raiige of a country law library too nar row, tie went to the Albany law school, where he worked erierKtticaily with bril liant succc.-s; v,dt aiim.utd to the bar and stttUd down to practice a brevctted vet eran of 21 In the inikt town of Canton, now- and hencetorward forever famous as the scene of his life and his place of sepul ture. Here many bh-ssiriKs awaltid him; high repute, professional succ-en. and a do IBiH'! affection so pure, so devoted and stall-. 'ess that tuture poets, sei-liir.i! an ideal ot hrlstian marrl-tip, will tir.d in it a then.e worthv ot thur songs. This is a e ob ject to which the lightest alhifion seems profanation; but It is impossible tospiak of William McKlnley without remember- I.. ,1 .., l,r.(trVif t n h S Comprehensive Summary of Memo- (.hosw.n' ia(1'y t.ver vjd Hmor.g mortal men. rial il.lreH. Delivered by Invltn- , If to the spirits of the just made perie i , , .,, I permitted the consciousness of earthly tion of t'onre llefore lliut Hour thin, we may be sure that his faithful Feb. ST Su He mum Greuteat ol Slutetnieu. KKCI1ETARV OF fil'ATK. We find this office in all respects kept in first-class stylo, the receipts and expenditures fully accounted for, by proper and legal vouchers, and heartily commend tho honest and business-like methods of tho present incumbent, as well as those of his la mented predecessor. Respectfully sub mitted, , E. A. Wiin k, H. G. Johnston. AVIIITOIt. We find nil books required by law in tho office and the same In a neat nnd business like manner, just as the law directs, everything Id place, and a placo for everything, nnd tho State Is to be commended for the very ef ficient business uiethod3 which are practiced in this office. The fidelity and zeal that has characterized its management Is a matter of great pride to the people ot our State, and In the language of the Inspired author, it can be said "Woll done, thou good and faithful servant," etc. Respectfully submitted, .' C. U. Cock, ;:" A. J, Bum Another investigation was sprung on the Legislature in tho resolution to investigate tho affairs of the I. I. & C Mississippi's pride and joy, her girls' college. The introduction of such a resolution in the face of tho brilliant and successful career of this institution under its present manage ment, with its progressive president, its efficient faculty and its honorable board of trustees, was like the explo sion of a bomb in a scene of perfect serenity. No thunderclap from smil ing skies ever surprised a people more than did this resolution when offered in the Legislature that has proven its faith in the management ot the col lege by , its continued support of it and by tho unparalleled generosity of tho appropriation it mado for its con tinuance and Improvement after a visit to nnd personal study of the col lege, early in the session. It was a great wrong to the college and to the management of it that this resolution should ever havo been introduced. There was no reason for it. There has been no question of tho fairness of its administration, uor has, tho breath of suspicion ever tarnished the fair fame of our present girls' col lege. However, having been intro duced, the friends of tho college nnd of its administration would not allow it to bo voted down, as was the mani fest wish of both bodies, but demanded an investigation, nnd a rigid ono. There were men in tho House and in tho Senate closely related to the presi dent, to tho teachers and to tho trus tees. Jlore than that, there were sev eral members of the Legislature who aro trustees also, and they would not permit tho resolution to be voted down. Some of the finest speeches of the session were mado by the mem bers denouncing the resolution as a bit of personal malice and an at tempt to besmirch character in Buch a way ns to leave a cloud over tho matter for two years, or until tho next session is held. In tho House a tention f, :s enemies defeated and the coIIoto, its president and Us trus tees wero vindicated instead of dis honored. The same sentence will be written, wu predict, after the Investi gation h;a been concluded. Where all are so admirablo and so many deserving high praise, it is per haps c-4 1 to tho majority that we single out any one man for especial commendation. But when that one man has done more than ought to have been expected of any three men, and dono it well, then we think we should be pardoned for laying one tribute of admiration at tho feet of Senator E. II. Mooro of Bolivar coun ty, who, as a representative of his dis trict, as chairman of the penitentiary investigating committee and as chair man of the examining committee of the girls' college board of trustees, has been placed In a most trying po sition throughout tlio session of tho Legislature. But despite the difficul ties surrounding him, the heavy de mands mado upon body and brain, and the extreme delicacy of his most try ing duties, he has never for a moment fallen from the high estate that was his birthright, nor has ho ever given cause for criticism. He is indeed a gentleman san,i pcur ct sans reproche! Would that we had thousands like him! Fruit growers aro just now plum ing themselves on the fine prospects for a good fruit season with a bounti ful yield. Those who know claim this to be tho brightest outlook we have had for several years, inasmuch as the continuous cold has prevented the swelling of tho buds prematurely. We have suffered grextly in recent years from this cause, a killing frost usually coming to do its deadly work after the trees were pink and white with bloom. This week and next are re garded by the growers as tho critical period, and if this is passed success fully, hopes will rise high indeed. Great numbers of new orchards will como into bearing this season, and tho fruit business will get well into its placo as a leading industry in this "land of milk and honey," where flowers and fruit should abound in the highest state of perfection. An au thority on these matters writes that the fruit acreage in this State has been steadily increasing for several years and during the present season thousands of acres of now orchards are expo-ted to bear. The peach is the favored fruit, being, in fact, the only fruit that can be grown with any great degree of success, followed by financial remuneration. Many of the fig trees killed by the severe weather of 1898 have since sprung into life and will bear this year. Among the truck farmers tho situa tion is also unusually bright. Tomato and cabbage acreage will be fully equal, if it does not greatly surpass, that of last year, and the sale of fer tilizers has been abnormally heavy. Tomato and cabbage plants in the cen tral and southern sections of the Stato aro now in cold frames awaiting the first opportunity of transplanting to the fields and a largo variety of other vegetables will be planted. Tho many successes of last season iu favored sections has inspired other communities to experiment in truck and fruit farming. mtEht have brought ruin on himself and in calculable narm to inecouiarj. Mr. S'.edman, the den of our poets, hat ca.led him "Augnv-nter of the State." It it a proud title; It Justly conerred, it rar,k him among the few whoso names may bo placed delinltely and forever in charge of the historic Muse. I'r.der hls rule Hawaii has come to us. and Tutuila; Porto Kieo and the vast archipelago of the east. Cuba is free. Our position in (hp Caribbean la assured bevond the possibility of future question. The doctrine called by the name of Monroe, so long derided and denied by alien publicists, tvokes now no challenge or contradiction when uttered to th worid. It hr become an Internattonat truism. Our sister republics to the south of us are convinced that we desire only their peace and prosperity. Kurope knows that we cherish r.o dreams but those ot world-wide eornmtrce, the benetit of which shall be to all nations. The state Is aug mented, but It threatens no nation under heaven. As to ihose regions which have come under the shadow of our flag, the pos sibility of their being damaged by such a change of circumstances was In the view of McKlnley a thing unthinkable. To be lieve that we could not administer th.m to their advantage, was to turn Infidel to our American faith of more than a hun dred yeai-3. A Great Diplomat. In dealing with foreign powers, he will lake rark with lh 2n atest of OUT diplo matists. It was a world of which he hao little special knowledge before coming to the presidency. Hut his marvelous adapt ability was in nothing more. r markabl than in the firm grasp he immediately dis played In international relations. In pre paring for war and In the restoration ot peace he wa alike aelroit, courteous, and tar-sighted. When u sudden emergency ior Hie attack of passional crime; .ney manne-rof singular grace ""J things of which our history lurnished r.o were all men of democratic Instinct w ho T voice of rlngtr s quality and great earn- International law no safe. could never have offended the most je'; i nig power-vast as were tne cr m ". . a,.j cma, ,,reCf.pti ns hesitated not a mo- ous advocates ot equality; me uooue nun, ne .-a, ....... r-, , ment to take the course marked out ior ,.n,i tr.. tn.rikiiu ramie. u umnt iiiiik,; wiiiiuul awimien. . -" . wroi.K or injustice was Impossible; of mod- had an extraordinary power of marshal-, erale fortune, whose slender means no- ing and presenting signilie-ant facts, so ) body could envy. They were men of aus- as to hrins conviction to the average , tere virtue, ot tender heart, of eminent mind. Ilia range of reading was not abilities, which they had devoted with wide; he read only what he might some i bi,.: ,.,tr,u m the Bond of the republic. It dav find nsetul. nml what he re-ad his! ever men wanted i.eiure uuu aim . memory new like brass, loose wu- " t rescue our Imperiled citizens, It enaowo " mm well in those early nays can m, mm t0 maintain close and frli-nd.y reia- Pnr- the. third time the congress of the United States is assembled to commem orate the lite and the death ot a presie-ent biam by the hand ot an assas.-ln. .1 lie at tention ot the- luture nisioiiau tram d to the features which reappear with, startling sameness in all three of these awtul crimes: the uselessiiets, the utter k of couse-quence OI too ace, uic u SCUl ly. e. e insiS' i. ", ,,,. i flnveim, Imrn'm, h.U ef that llie oiaiiieiciMiie.- ..... ,, ,.,,,,, -. .,. ,v-- cerve of t-x ste-nce the beat ot men uiaj ue u.- vu uu ,,uu.t-i ....... blanu less-of the victim. Not cue of our ; suc h a country-then were the elements murdered presiaeiiti T had an eneny In the In his character that drew him irresmt-world- the v were all of such pre eminent , Ibly into public life. He had from the i.hi-iiv of iiii that no ui-etexi couW.'diyen iiegmiiing a remarkable equipment. nt 1 m.w wr,..it-.fr river that Centie SUI- ferer who counts, the long hours in their shattered home In the desolate splendor of his fame. Enter Public Life A man possessing the qualit.es with which nature had endowed Mckinley seeks political activity as naturally as a growing plant seeks light and air. A wholesome ambition: a rare power ot maklnir frlen,l niul keening them; faith, which may be called religious. In his country and its Institutions; and, 1 him by considerations of humanity and tho nallnnnl Inlereit Kven while the lega tions were fighting for their lives against 1 bands of infuriated fanatics, he cectded that we were at peace with t.nma, ana while that conclusion did not hinder him ! from taking the most energetic measures ...(,,..,, i.:..,n I, M- .u these three ru ers I our people. The only temptation to attack jorKct the consummate skill and power , t(or,, w,h th wlse anj ne. c viceroy of their lives offered was their gentle radl- j with which ho would select a few point- , )he whoe resolute stand saved that ance to eves hating the light that was ol- f,,i flu;ts, and, blow upon blow, would i ancient emnire from anarchv and spoha- fense enough. , . ; hammer them Into the attention of great . tlon j(c aj.,, o( tYl.Ty question as It hnmm... then, !.,.., ,ha ..Itintlnn of Great Coliur im 'in sneak of the uselessness and ! atsycmlilnyesi In (ihlo. as .lael drove the I .r,JD -.i.i. mnt rs and ' clarity of absolute folly of the crime even from an nai mt(1 lno ll(,a,j of the cananuite cap- i vision that astonished his advisers, and ho anarchistic standpoint, he tak,: Hie tain. He was not often Impassioned: : he j never had occasion to review a Judgment stupid uselessness of such an Infamy at- rarely resorted to the aid of wit or hu- or reverse a decision. fronts the common sense of the worm, une mwr. vet j never s;iw his equal In con can conceive how the death of a dictator , trolling and convincing a popular audi may change llie political conditions or an eni.e tn. s,ecr a,,neal to their reasren and empire; how the extinction of a narrowing , intelligence. He did not flutter or cajole line of kings may bring in an auen nynas- I them, but thero was an Implied compll- ly. But in a well oruerea n puoiic im , mr.nt in tn s(,rj(m, ami sohcr tone m ours, the ruler may Ian, but tne siaie ir which he addressed them. He seemed no tremor. Our beloved and revered leaner one of th(,m. ln heart ami feeling he was Is gonetiul tne natural iiroi essui uu. ,u provides us a successor, Identical in pur pose and ideal, nourisneu uy hit ' teachings, inspired by the same principles, pledged bv tender affection as well as by high lovalty to carry to completion the m mcr.se task committed to his hands, and to smite with ircn severity every manllesta- tion of that hideous crime wnicn ins nam piidtc-ssor, with his dying breath, for gave. The savings of celestial wisdom have no date; the words that reach us, over2.i"K) years, out of the darkest hour of gloom the world has ever known, are true to the life to-day; "Thev know not what they no. The blow struck nt our dear friend and ruler was ns deadly as blind hate could make it; but the blow struck at anarchy w as deadlier still. . . . How many coun tries can Join with us In the community of a kindred sorrow! I will not speak of those distant regions where assassination enters into the daily life of government. But among the nations hound to us by the ties of familiar intercourse who can forget that wise and mild autocrat who had earned ihe proud title of the Liberator? that enlightened and magnanimous citi zen whom Fiance still mourns'' that brave and chivalrous king of Italy who only lived for his people? and. saddest of all, that lovelv and sorrowing empress, whose h.-irm!es life cnli'ri liardlv have cxcilfd the animosity of a demon. Against that develish snirit nothinsr ava Is neither vir tue, nor patriotism, nor age nor youth, nor conscience nor pity. A Typical Amerlcnn, The life of William McKlnley was, from his birth to his death, typically American. There is no environment, l snoinc say. any where else in the world which could pro duee such a character. He was born into that way of life which elsewhere is called M,' ;; J. lff f, -or - v- i 7 COL. JOHN HAY. the middle class, but which In this country is so neariv universal as to make of other classis an almost negligible quantity. He was neither rich nor poor, neither proud nor humble; he knew no Hunger ne w as not By patience, by firmness, by sheer rea sonahl -riess, he Improved our understand ing with ail the great powers of the worm, and rightly gained the blessing which be longs to the peacemakers. The Sntlon'a Pronperlty. But. according to Mr. Hay, the achieve ments of the nation in war and diplomacy are- thrown In the s-haoe by the vast eco- one of them. Kacli artisan m a great mnn I wmil.i like in he nnd under more ! nominal developments which took place r - . . .. ... ' ,1-, .-:.. el- M,.l..l..,..a o.lm t, tavoring circumstances mignt nave pt-ii, Preparations for the new year's crop aro being made alj over the State, do- spite the repeated setbacks caused by bad weather. It is feared that tho dif ficulty of securing sufficient seed, ow ing to scarcity of the home-raised product and the high prices charged for Western grain, may decrease the acreage somewhat. A number of our exchanges tell us that the farmers in their sections mean to raise oats, which is considered an excellent thing for man and beast alike. It will fill tlio pockets of tho former aud cover tho ribs of the latter. He hud the divine gift of sympathy, which, though given only to the elect, makes all men their friends. Felt at Home In ColiKreaa, So It came naturallv about, continued the orator, that in U-TO-the beginning ot the second centurv of the republic he began, by an election to congress, his political career. Thereafter tor 14 years this chamber was his home. I use tho word advisedlv. Nowhere in tho world was he so in harmony with his environ ment as here; nowhere else did his mind work with such full consciousness of Its powers. The air of debate was native to him: here he diank delight of battle with his peers, ln alter days, when he drove by this stately pile, or when on rare occasiens h:s duty called him hero, he greeted his old haunts with the affec tionate zest or a child ot tne nouse; our ing all the last ten years of his life, filled as they were with activity ami glory, he never ceased to be homesick for this hall. When he came to the presidency, there was not a day when his congres sional service was not of use to him. Probably no other president has been in such full and cordial communion with congress, If we may except Lincoln alone. McKlnley knew the legislative boelv thoroughly, its composition, Its methods, its habits of thought. He had tho profour.dest respect tor its author ity and an inflexible belief In the ulti mate rectitude of its purposes. Our his tory shows how- surely an executive courts disaster and ruin bv assuming an attitude of hostility or distrust to the legislature; and. on the other hand. Mc Kinley's frank and sincere trust and con Jidence in congress were repaid by prompt and loval support and coopeia tion. Dur ing his entire term of office this mutual trust and regard so essential to the pub lic welfare was never shadowed by a single cloud. Following the natural bent of his mind, he devoted himself to questions of finance and revenue, to the essentials of the national housekeeping. He took high rank in the house from the beginning. It s readiness in debate, his mastery of everv subject he handled, the bright and amiable light he shed about mm. and above all the unfailing courtesy and good will with which he treated friend and fo" I'like one of the surest signatures of a nature born to treat destinies made his service In the house a pathway of unbroken success and brought him at last to the all-important post of chair man of wavs and means and leader of the majority. Of the famous revenue act which, in that caprcUy. he framed and carried through congress, it is nut my purpose here and now to speak. The embers of the controversy In the midst of which that law had Its troubled being are vet too warm to be handled on a day like this. I may only say that It was never sufficiently tested to prove the praises nt Its fr onds or the cnt:c:snt that swept the republicans nut of power, the general scheme. He was opposed to MeKinlev- also nassed through a brief ! anv revolutionary plan of change In tna Bishop Charles B. Galloway is at present in Canada, in attendanco upon tho meetings of the students' volunteer movement in Toronto. This splendid son of old Mississippi is one of the great orators of this occasion, and is conferring distinction on his native Stato. But ho always does that where over ho goes and whatever his theme. Tint Mississippi Bishop is Indeed a great man as well as a great church man. Grand Master William Hemingway of the Grand Iodge of Odd Fellows has issued a proclamation calling on all the subordinate lodges ln the State to fittingly observe the eightieth anni versary of the order on April 20. The Jackson lodge Is making preparations for a creditable celebration. The an nual meeting of the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F. of Mississippi, convenes May 6, iu tho Queen City of tho East, Me ridian, and should have a full at tendance. The Insurance agents of Jackson last week received notice to put into effect the advance of 25 per cent. In splendid fight was made for tho col-1 ratcg tlwt tbe companies decided on lege, and it and its management re- j sorne tme ngo. tCCOrdlng to these ad celved the cordial commendation of a vices, the ratej became operative on lnrgo and powerful majority of tho tho 21st of February. The rates ap speakers. In deference to the earnest ply tn business property nufactiir , , , , . . .,, lug concerns and stocks of merchan- aud repeated demands of the parties Tho ratpg of dwelling housca is aggrieved, however, both houses not touched. i adopted the resolution. In tho Senato j thero was not one voice raised In faint- j Greenville hopes to add- at an early est criticism of this grand institution, date to her many attractions by the that is now a model for the .whole possession of a new public building world aud which has grown during Senator McLaurin has introduced o .,ii .n.in bill for tho purchase of a site and Tresldent Kincannon's administration p.rH f , ,,,,,,,,. ,.,,, from a child just beginning to unfold ,;,, win',n,8h lt; jucrcsglf furro-vs Into ft tuH-6-vt' womim, beautiful, , S atlsluaW. sute of satisfying, no luxury which could , of lts 0.,,jnrnts. After a brief existence enervate mind eir bony, ins psnuts ei i jt pa.ss,.,j away, for a time, out of pow SOner. CiOO-ieaeing peupie, in leii-Kt ii v ,u", upright; without pi-etmsion and without humility. He grew up In the company of boys like himself; wholesome, honest, seit respeoting. Thev looked down on nobody; thev never felt it possible they could be looked dow n upon. Their houses were the homes of probitv, piety, patriotism. They learned In the admirable school readers of Wi years ago the lessons of heroic and splen did life which have come down from the past. They read In their weekly newspa pirs th story of the world's progress. In w hich they were eager to take part, and of the sins and wrongs of civilization with which they burned to do battle. It was a serious and thoughtful time. Karly Infliiencea, It Is not easy to give to those of a later generation any clear idea ol that extraor dinary spiritual awakening which passed over the country at the- lirst red signal fires of the war between the states. In iMiu the nation was going down Into the Valley of Decision. The oues-tion which had been debated on thousands of platforms, which had been discussed In countless publica tions, which, thundered from innumerable pulpits, had caused in their congregations the bitter strife and dissension to which only cases of conscience can give rise, was everywhere pressing for solution. In'tbe south as well, below all the ef fervescence and excitement of a people perhaps more given to eloquent speech than we were, there was the profound agony of question and answer, the sum mons to decide whether honor and free dom did not call them to revolution and w ar. It is easy for partisanship to stiy that the one side was right and that the other was wrong. It Is stili easier for an Indolent magnanimity to say that both were right. Perhaps in the wide view of ethics one Is al ways right to follow his conscience, though It lead him to disaster and death. But his torv is Inexorable. She takes no account of sentiment and intention; and in her cnid nnd luminous eves that side Is- right which tights In harmony with the stars in their courses. The men are right through whose efforts and struggles tne worm 19 neipen onward, and humanity moves; to a higher level and a brighter day. The men who are living to-day find who were young In PuM will never forget the glory and glamour that rilled the earth aud the sky when the long twilight of doubt and uncertainty was ending and the time of action hud come. Patriotism, which had been a rhetorical expression, beenme a pas sionate emotion, In which Instinct, logic and feeling were fused. The country was worth savins: it could be saved onlv bv fire; no sacrifice was too great; the young men ot tho country wore ready for the sacrifice; come weal, come woe, they were McKlnley as Soldier. At 1" years of ago William McKlnley heard this summons of his country. He was the sort ot youth to whom a military life In ordinary times would possess no at tractions. His nature was tar different from thst of the ordinary soldier. He had other dreams of life, its prizes nnd pleas ures, thnn that of inarches and battles-. But to his mind thero was no choice or question. He enlisted as a private; ha learned to obev. Ills serious, sensible ways, his prompt, alert efficiency soon attracted the attention of his superiors. He was so faithful In little things they gave him more and more to do. He was untiring In camp Hud on the march; swift, cool and fearless In Ha'it. lie left the urmy with Held rank whe the war ended, brevetted by Presi dent Lincoln for gallantry In battle. Speaking of the close of the war, Mr. Hay said: A conclusion had been reached and It Is to the everlasting honor of both sides that they each knew when the war was over, and the hour of a lasting peace had struck. We may admire the desperate daring of others- who prefer annihllatlor to compromise, but the palm ot common tense, and, I will say, of enlightened pa triotism, belongs to the men like Orant and Lee, who knew when they had fought enough, for honor and for country. Tnrna to Civil Life. mu;;in"i'( V'lVw44ownwViV'9r4 ! wsri,' Viihyr im-Mlum or ticaastrsiis, ai during .Mr. Mckinley's administration. L'p to the time or his r.rsi election, me e.j,u, trv was suffering from a long period of op pression, the reasons of which I will not try to seek. But from the moment the bal lots were counted that betokened his ad vent to power a great and momentous movement in advance declared itself along all the lines of industry and commerce. In the verv month of his inauguration steel rails began to be sold at JiS a ton-one of the most significant facts of modern times. It meant that American industries had ad justed themselves to the long depression that through the power of the race to or ganize and combine, stimulated by the con ditions then prevailing, and perhaps by the prospect of legislation favorable to Indus try, America had begun to undersell the rest of the world. The movement went on without ceasing. The president and hia party kept the pledges of their platform and tneir canvass. Ended Third Term Talk. Mr. MeKinlev was reelected by an over whelming majority. He Inspired uni versal confidence, which is the lifebloott of the commercial system of the world. It began freouently to be said that such a state of things ought to continue; ono after another men of prominence said that the president was his own beat suc cessor. He paid little attention to these suggestions until they were repeated by some of his nearest friends. Then ha saw that one ot the most cherished tra ditions of our public life was in danger. The generation which has seen the proph ecy of the papal throne Non vldebls annoa Pe'tri-twice contradicted by the longevity of holv men was tn peril of forsettlmj the unwritten law of our republic: Inou shalt not exceed the years of Washing ton. The president saw it was time to speak, and In his characteristic manner he spoke, briefly, but enough. Where the lightning strikes there is no need of Iteration. I-'rom that hour no one dreamed of doubtins his purpose of re tiring at the end of his second term, and It will be long before another such les son Is reouired. HlBh Hopea for the Future. I spent a dav with him shortly befora Ka t.,.,r,.,i nn ui fat.-fiil iournev to Huf- falo. Never had I seen him higher in hope and patriotic confidence. He was as sure of the future of his country as the Psalmist who cried: "Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou City of Cod. He was gratified to the heart that we had arranged a treaty which gave us a free hand ln the Isthmus, ln fancy he saw the canal airendy built and the ar gosies of the world passing through it In peace and amity. He saw ln the im-m-nse evolution of American trade the fullillment of all his dreams, the reward of all his labors. He was I need not gav an ardent protectionist, never mors sincere and devoted than during thnsa last days of his life. He regarded reci procity as the bulwark of protection not a' breach, but a fulfillment of the. law. The treaties which tor lour jeaiij had been preparing under his personal supervision he remarried as ancillary to nas zone of shadow; his enngre sslnnal dis trict having been rearranged for that purpose by a hostile legislature. Pntlinny to the Presidency. Someone has said It Is easy to love our enemies: they help us so mueh more than our friends. The people whose malevolent skill had turned Me-Kinley out of con gress deserved Weil of him and of the republic. Never was Nemesis more swift and energetic. The republicans of Ohio were saved the trouble of chosing a gov ernorthe other side had chosen one for them. A year after MrKlnley left con gress he was made governor of Ohio, and two years later he was reelected, each tinio bv maioritles unhoped-for and over whelming. He came to lill a space in the public eye which obscured a great por tion of the Held of vision. In two na tional conventions, the presidency seemed within his reach, tint be had gone there in the Interest of others and his honor forbade any dalliance with temptation. So his nay was nav delivered with a tone and gesture there was no denying. His hour was not yet come. There was. however, no long delay. He became, from year to year, the most prominent politician and orator ln the country. Passionately devoted to the principles of his party, ho was always ready to do anything, to go anywhere, to proclaim Its Ideas and to support its can didates. His face nnd his voice became familiar to millions of our people; nnd wherever they were seen and heard, men became his partisans. His face was cast In a classic mold; you see faces like it in antique marble In the galleries of the Vatican and in the portraits of the great cardinal-statesmen of Italy; his voice was the voice of the perfect orator ringing, vibrating, persuading by Its very sound, bv its accent of sincere conviction. So prudent and so guardul were nil his ut terances, so loftv his courtesy, that he never embarrassed his friends, nnd never offended his opponents. For several months before the republican national convention met in lSflei. it was evident to nil who had eyes to see that Mr. McKln ley was the only probable candidate of his partv. either names were mentioned, of the highest rank in ability, character and popularity; tney were supported by ein wiKlotlnn: he was careful to piiint out that everything he had done was in faithful compliance with the law "in that mood of high hope, of generous expectation, he went to Buffalo, and there, on the threshold of eternity, ho delivered that memorable speech, worthy lor It" loftiness of lone, Its blameless morality, Its breadth of view, to be re garded "as his testament to the nation. The Trmslc End. The next day sped the bolt of doom, nnd for a -week after In an agony of dread broken by Illusive glimpses of hone that our prayers might be answered the nation waited for the end.. Nothing ln the glorious life that we saw gradual ly waning was more admirable and ex emplary than its clos.e. The gentle hu manity of his words, when he saw his assailant in danger oi j V . gcanee: "Don't let them hurt him;' his chivalrous care that the news should ba broken gentlv to his wife; the fine cour tesy with which he apologized for the damnge which his death would bring to the great exhibition; and the heroic resig nation of his flnal words: "It is God's WllV. HIS Will. nOl UUis, vv ue-nc, nil 'the instinctive expressions of a nature so loftv anil so puro that pride in its nobilitv at once softened and enhanced the nation's sense of loss. Ihe republic grieved over such a son but is proud forever of having produced him. After nil. In suite of Its tragic end tig. his life was extraordinarily happy. He had. all his days, troops of friends, the cheer of fame and fruitful labor; and he became, at last "On fortune's crowning slope, The pillar of a people's hope, The center of a world's desire. He was fortunate even in his untimely death, for nn event so tragical called the world imperatively to the imnied-ate study of his Hie and character, nnd thus anticipated tho sure praises of posterity. In ConelnHlon. The obvious elements which enter Into the fame of a public man are few and by no means recondite. The man who tills a great station in a period of change, who leads his country successfully powerful combinations; hut the nom'na- through a time " i3- " ,," tlon of McKlnley as against the field was power of.persuai ling nnd cot tr 11 ng oth Inevitable ers, has Deen able to commaiiu tne nest The campaign he made will be always thought of his age condithm memorable In our political annals. He country in a me ral or mater ml condmon and his friends had thought that the Is-1 ln ad ranee of where he found It s-uch a for the year was tne distinctive and man a "'", . ' ,.. or ..okrn words possess the subtle quality which c-irrv them fur and lodge them In men s hearts- ami. more than all. if his utter ances and actions, while Informed with ' ,nr,ltrv. are vet tinged with the Slow 'of human sympathy, ihe fame of .,.,h n man will shine like a beacon sue historic difference between the two par tics on the subject ot the tariff. To this wager of battle the discussions of the previous four years distinctly pointed. But no sooner had tho two parties made their nominations than It became evident that the opposing candidate declined to accept the Held of discussion chosen by the republicans, nnd proposed to put for ward ns the mnin Issue the free co'nngo of silver. MoXinlry at once accepted this challenge, and. taKtntj tne name tor pro tection as already won. went with energy Into the discussion of the theories pre sented by his opponents. Knees a IHIUcult Situation, When he came to the presidency he con fronted a situation ot the utmost dilticulty, which might well have appalled a man of less serene and tranquil self-contldence. There am j-'"-' ' ""..,'',,; ', ..m lw.i the infliuneo SclT'his: friends h ad hi. W.n of tr work, let us praj that m our 'through the mists of ages-an object of !' .. ...... nf Imltat on and of love. It should be to us nn occasion of solemn rr!de that In the three great crises of our history such a man was not denied us. Tiie moral value to a nation of a re nown such ns Washington's and Lincoln's and McKinle-y's Is beyond all computa tion No loftier Ideal can be held up to ihe 'emulation of ingenuous youth. With such examples we cannot be wholly hrnoble Grateful as we may ee for what thev did, let us be still more grateful for what tney were. "'' would relieve the country. Our relations spirits thelr live, may b sired The feeling between the northern I Thero is not one of us but fee.. prouder and Southern sections of the union was I of his native land because the nugust tig. "acklngln Ihe cordiality which wasncces- I ure of Washington presided over .Its it,.. H,rv to the welfare of both. Hawaii had 1 ginnings; no one but vows It a tendeier asked for annexation and had been reject- ; Ibve because Mncoln poured out h s blood eAv the preceding administration. There for it: nil orf but must feci his devotion. v-it a state of things ln the Curibbian for his country renewed and kindled wWch could not permanently endure. Our when In rcinenihers how McK.iiley loved, neighbor's house was on fire, nnd there 1 revered and served It, showed In Ms life wefn T grave doubts ns to our rights and ' how a citizen should ,lve. and hi hl b)l wiin e."c . . .,r ,. i ,utln,e ,i ,,-iw a rant email (Mull I: a r- I 1 ?' '- I - 1 1 .