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BEACON NUMBER 23., VOLUME LI I. MACON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, APRIL 12, 1902. , i I mTiTji j. iiHj . , i ,, h902 APRIL. 1902 1 1 , an. MOK. TUES. rJiii 20 222 327 28'29 WED. IHDH. FRI. j SIT. ;f, 9 To TT T2 I 76 77 T8JT9 1 23 24 25 1 26 I !:fs"oF THEM KWa TEOM EVEKYWHEEE. LATEST FROM PHILIPPINES. Icpf- 111 ! FIFTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, fan Senate., on the Slst, the entire if ay was gisrn to consideration of the Iwinmrgarine bill, three wt speeches lie ' ig delivered on the measure. Mr. Kun '" ions (N. t'.l made a forceful argument feaimit the hill, tout Messrs. Pllllnxlmm n v Vt.) and-McCumuer (N. D.) dt-UvertiiK "trona speeches In advocacy of H.. .In ""- h hniiiin ponliliTiitlon of the sundry c-lvtl 141 -nnrmlflntlim lilll W;IH heinill. 1111(1 the 11.. Uml debate was completed. Mr. l':in hulrmnn ,.f Hip WI1VH iiikI inC'iUIH I'nlll- 2i,f r,.,rtp,i thr, (!ulinn reeliit'oci t y - nil, and gave notice that he would call .Rjjt up on the 8th. v late on tho oleomargarine bill occupied i.: fck ontlr-A ,hiv. the measure lielne lre- li.....,l,r ilaoluti.i t.i.l W ilK imllfllllMltM US ,V 111 to suppress a fraii.1. Mr. Malley Tr) ! . soeakiiifi aiialnst the 1)111 when the femtte adjourned In the house rapi; .'trocTOm was made with the minilry civil . . ippronrlatlons bill, M or tho 1TJ panes of bill baliiK completed. l'HTorls to amend flM bill 'Were successfully resisted us a fetile, bv Mr. Cannon (111. I. chairman of appropriations committee. The pro (eedhiBS.'were without Incident. ' iln the senate, on the 2d, the discussion i in the ole.iinnrKarlne bill was continued, , .Mr. Hailev (Tex.) occupy Ins most ot tlui e. ieulnn In concluding his speech upilnst he measure benuu on (he 1st. home Mhnrp paf-aires of wit between senators, ?Snpeclnlly Senators Bailey and Depew, en livened the discussion. ...In the house the rifnindrv civil appropriations bill was V spiI, onlv a few unimportant amend isiiih belnK ullaehed to It. Discussion ft tne revenue cutter bill was then re : turned, j i'Tn the'b. mite, on the 3d, at the con ': Winston Of an animated debate, the ol'-o-,l marsarlno bill was ,.assed by a vote of II! ; f 31. The bill, as passed by the senate, lifters In several resoects from that ' passed bv the house. It provides resina sarflona for eollei.tlniv tho tax, and pre Fdcribes minutely how the various prod- .'uct8 are to 1m prepared for market In Sjjho houie after desperate resislenee and an attempt to tlllbiipter by its opponents. I the senate hill to promote the clllclcncv I lief the revenue cutter service was pased "The bill fixes the relative rank of com manding olllcers of the revenue service. 59- In tha senate, on th Ith. consideration Bif the Chinese exclusion bill was lieKiia. 'ZHt. Mitchell ((ire. I making the openlne. 'tpeech. lie pointed ' "t forcefully the n. ,..MiwU.y for the exclusion of Chinese lahor ' u r nnd said the bill had been constructed li'n the basis of exlsllni; law. In the llulit ILiiOf experience and the decisions of the eourts. .The Indian appropriation bill was . Under consideration for a time, but was I not completed In the house, also, I Chinese i vloslon was considered. No op ' :nofnt n! the treneral principal of cxclu- "N'slon anDeared. but piembers were dlslded n. In thel suoiiort between two bills pr Bented. : Several speeches wero made In JIJ favor of both the majority and minority I'm J- j l" PERSONAL AND GENERAL. I'l-inl of II oj. Waller Olllolnl Iteport of Meilt. Strehler-On a I'our of liiNpeetlon, Manila. April 7. (Icn. .lacol) IT. Smith, coniiminilincr the Amcricari forces in the Island ol Saninr, whs tlui only witness to-day at the trial by coui't-iiiiirtiul of Mnj. Waller, of the Marine corps. Gen. Smith flcnicd that, he ever gave Mnj. AVnller power of life mid death tint! exct'edint' general order No. 100. Me said lie received the first news of the hillings tit liazey, where Mnj Wal ler ami Lieut. Day, of the Marine orps, are charged with having killed three natives, from (ieti. C'luvlTee. (icn. Smith explained that his order to Mnj. Waller about not being burdened with prisoners meant to disarm ami release those prisoners who were not sharped with Bcrious offenacH. He said he hud not understood the mean ing of Mnj. Waller's telegram about "expending1 11 prisoners." The oflicial report of Ueut.Strebler, of the Philippine scouts, on 1 he cap ture of the insurgent general I.uUhan has been published, and is indorsed by tien. Smith, who considers the, re port concise and graphic. "It is impossible for anyone not ac quainted wild the Island of Suniav," says I o n . Smith, "to realize the diffi culties and hardships of the expedi tion. Strebler's command is entitled to the highest praise for one of the most important, captures ever made in the riiiliiipines." Gen. Smith strongly reeomipends that Streblcr given u eonrii'ssinp its first lieu tenant in tlie regulars, and that Sergt, horn, be made a second lieutenant, of the native scouts. Thesis recom mendations have been indorsed by (jell. Wade and approved by (len. Chaf fee. Cen. ChalTee thinks, however, that congressional action may no romiirea in' order to obtain t lit; desired com mission for Second-Lieut. Strebler. lie lias already given Sergt. I.ora a com mission as second lieutenant in the eouts. Cienorals Chaffee and Sanger left here yesterday on board the United ates gunboat Princeton on a tour of inspection to the Sainboanga dis trict of the Island of Mindanao and the Island of Saniar. They will prob ably be absent, until after April 15, upon which date, Guevarrn, l.ukban's successor in Saniar, will surrender. The Old Capitol and Some of Its Memories During the session of the Normal 1 1851, for complicity In an expedition Sehnnl ot Mill,,. ColleirB last sum- to Ullua ills 1UOUS 01 BMJausiuu ".V THREE ROYAL TRESPASSERS. (.I'll nil Dllhe of liesse Olid I'l'lnee anil l'riiiccHN Henry Held I i by a rolU'i'iiimt. TonaVa, Has., has been chosen at - the. place fir Hie populist state eon - ventlon to meet on . I line 24. " The otllel racitic, on tin Idled two mortgages with the retristei ;of deeds, at Minneapolis, Minn., a ' ;prlor lien mortgage of $i:io.uofi,iiiK) t. the Men untile Trust Co., aiul a gt n , eral Hen mortgage of $1(0,u00.0il0 tu the Fanners' hoan anil Trust Co. 'Under Ihe naine of the "Allied Pen- ple'8 Tarty of the Tinted States," a , 'new political organiationwas formed 'at Louisille, Ky., on the nd.coniposc:! lot reform elemevnts opposed to the iii demoflii'tie aiul repulilicau purlieM. . ' When liev. (iraiiville J.oiithcr re- ;UiHcd to Mcl'licrson, Kas., from the 1 ''COlifefuce, where he was tried for i Ihereny and expelled from tlie mill ot fistry,1 he. women of the M. K. church - fe-nve i reception for him, and from that -church it spread to all 1hc i churches, everyone expressing faith ' -in him and his teachings. ! j S Thft lintels totally destroyed by tlie .rt fire at Atlantic City, N. .1., on Ihe Hd. it were, the hurtiy, 1lie IJerkeley, Ihe -T"k New Jlolland, Ihe Norwood, the Slick ; ney, the Stratford, the Kio Grande, "till .Idervine, tlie. Bryn Mawr, I In .Uvord and the Tarlton. In addition j lo these, the Windsor, the Traymorc and the Kenilworth were damaged. K. C. Dun & Co., of New Tioik, re ported on the Itli: "Failures in the 1 United Stales this week were 107, I agalnM 15 last year, and 2.:? in Cana ? da, ng-iinst "!) Inst venr." Foitliall Keene.tlieAuiirican sports ' mint, was riding with the Quorn I hounds ncav "Ittirrougli Hill," Mellon I Mowliray, on the lib, when his horse , fell at the first, fence, and rolled over f him. Mr. Keene, who was uncoil- I K'ioilR for a considerable time, recnv I. Eerlin, April 7. Prince and Prin cess Henry, who are visiting the grand duke of Hesse, have been doing a good deal of bicycle riding in the environs of Darmstadt, tlie capital of (he tloeby. While out. bicycling, last Friday, willi the grand duke, on the Heidel berg road, the prince. Ihe princes and llicir host left the muddy wagon way for a footpath where tne nicy cling was easier. Killing on this foot way is forbidden by the police regu lations. They had proceeded but a short way when a policeman jumped out. from a hedge and shouted: "Halt!" "Dismount." The roval party' obeyed his com mand, anil the grand duke was shurp ly questioned by the policeman, who lield n. bulky notebook in his hand. The duke, who is the reigning sover eign of the duchy, replied that he was the grand duke of Hesse, and named his companions as Prince and Princess Henry of Prussia. The po o .,,, ,.!, nlv reonested details of the identification. When all three members of the party had answered him satisfactorily he permitted them to proceed, saying that, according to the regulation's, be would report tho matter at headquarters. 11, is likely that the usual fine of seven marks will be collected from the royal bicyclers. MERCHANT-ANDEMPER0R. John Wniiilinlil'er l'ntronle mid l'rnisen the Kaiser to l'ncc First ol the Kind. mer tho faculty and students Invited their friend, Col. J. L. Power my father to tell theia something of the history that centered lu "Auld Lang Syne" around the old Capitol. The following la a copy of his address, de livered ou July 4 in the college chapel. Ia deference to the oft-repeated re quest for lta publication, and because we think It only right that we should follow hla example and share his lest gifta with the people of the State lie loved so well and served so loyally, wo glvo It to these columns, through which he spoke, with such great pleas- rue to Jils reauers anu nis melius uui- Ing recent years. K. M. r. Prior to the Constitutional Conven tion of 1817 the town of Washington, in Adama county. &t UlO seat of ter ritorial government, that convention provided that the Legislature should hold ita next session October 17, liil7 in Natchez, and thereafter as might be determined. At tlie fourth session, in Natchez, an act was passed changing the seat of government to Columbia, Marion county. Natchez, Liberty and Colum bia were voted for. Columbia carried by a vote of 17 to 10. The sessions at Columbia were: No vember, 1821; February, 1822; June, 1822. At the February session a bill was introduced changing the seat of government to Mouticello for the next ensuing June session. It passed the lower house by a majority of one. Tho Senate would doubtless have passed It, but the rule requiring all bills to be read on three several (lays could not be dispensed with; besides, the Legislature had agreed to adjourn before the third (lay could be reached. In February, 1821, a commission was created consisting of Thomas Hinds, James Patton and William Baltimore "to locate two sections of laud iu the ennntrv lately ceded to the United States by the Choctaw Indians, as soon as the same may be surveyed, for the purpofe of a seat of government of this State, the same i to bo within twenty miles of the true center of the Slate, embracing the whole extent of the State aa well as that part which is now in the jurisdiction of the State as that part now occupied by Indian tribes," etc. The commissioners reported in No vember, 121, to the Legislature then iu Columbia, rccomnicmung that the Capitol le located at LeFleur's lilulf, ou Pearl river, aud the report was adopted. LeFleur's Uliili was thirty five miles in excess of Cue twenty-mile limit, but witli this exception it met all ot'uer conditions, bubsenuentiy a strip was added to the northern lunuid ary of the State, making Kosciusko very nearly the geographical center. The act creating the commission had been so amended that wiien the selec tion was made the place should be named Jackson, In honor of Maj.-Gen. Andrew Jackson. And It may be ap nroiiriatn here to note that Hinds county, created February 12, 1821, was named iu honor of the chairman of tlie Capitol commission, ucu. t-- Hinds. Ho commanded the Jefferson troop at the battle of New Orleans, and Gen. Jackson, In speaking of a brilliant dash made by tis command ,,r,n sin intrenched position of tho enemy, said: "The Jefferson troop, commanded by Col. Thomas Hinds, was the terror of one army and the admiration of the other." The General Assembly that met at Columbia in June, 1S22, adjourned to meet In the town of Jackson on De cember 23, 1822. A temporary State House had been erected on Capitol street (where the Harding building now stands) . It was a two-story brick, 40x30, and cost ?au.uuu. uiirieeu counties sent twenty-ono representa tiyea and there were seven senatorial districts. As an inducement to settlement In Jackson, the first ten settlers were to have pre-emption rights to ten lots, provided a neat log or frame house, not less than thirty feet in length. was erected on each lot. The lots were promptly pre-empted and Improved, r.ov Walter Deake thus congratu lated the members of the Legislature on their new environments: "Before I close this communication, permit me to congratulate you on your lirst meeting at the place determined on aa the permanent seat of govern ment, where for the first time your deliberations may be conducted in a house the property of the State, and just forty-seven years "too previous the great speeches made In tins cnaiu her by Jefferson Davis, Albert O. Hrown, Sargent S. Prentiss, Henry S. Foote, J. F. H. Claiborne, Williaui L. Sharkey, Wiley P. Harris, Henry T. Ellctt, J. A. P. Campbell, Edward Tur ner, James L. Alcorn, Walker llrooke, C. E. Hooker, Ethclbert Barksdale, David C. Glenn, L. J. Gholson, O. R. Singleton, Thomas J. Wharton, J. M. Acker, Locke E. Houston, aud other great leaders of those daya. Prentiss represented Warren county in 1836 and 1837. Gen. Andrew Jackson was the guest of the State iu 1840 and received an ovation in this chamber. Henry Clay addressed the people from an open carriage in front of this building in 1844. On Monday night, October 11, Ho2, Col. A. K. McCluug delivered before the Legislature his grand eu logy on the lite and character d Henry Clay. Louis Kossuth, the Hun garian patriot, visited Jackson the same year, as the guest of Gov. Foote, and was doubtless tendered a public reception at the mansion or iu this chamber. This Capitol, when I first saw it in April, 1855, had been occupied only sixteen years. It was then considered one of tho most elegant public build ings in the country, and nearly all the architects who competed for the new Capitol have complimented its general plan and style. John J. Mcltae was the first Gov ernor of Mississippi 1 had the pleasure of seeing. His friends in East Missis sippi loved to call him Johnny McRae of Chickashay. Ho kept open house at the mansion. He hud many public receptions and Pearl river water was not the only beverage. He left the mansion perhaps a wiser, but certain ly a poorer man. Ho served his State faithfully and well In the House of Representatives at Washington and tilled a vacancy in tho United States Senate. Gov. Mcltae was succeeded by Wil liam McWillie of Madisou an accom plished, courtly gentleman of the old school. He was sharply criticised at one time for his alleged too free use of the pardoning power. In answer ing this charge, in his message to the Legislature, he asked: "Would you have me inscribe upon the prison door, 'Mercy Never Enters Here?' " Gov. McWillie was a gentleman of ample fortune, and having thirteen beautiful daughters, life at the man sion was not regulated by the salary attached to the office. Thirteen, it is held by some, is an unlucky number. Hut tho balance of the family were boys; and our distinguished towns man, Hon. Thomas A. .McWillie, is a fine specimen of tho latter. The fir.it great speeches that I re member having heard in this chamber were by Jefferson Davis and Henry b, Foote. in November, 1858. Mr. Davis. being in tlie city, was invited to ad dress the Legislature on the questions of the day. This hall was packed to its utmost. The speech had many hints about dangers ahead, and the ne cessity of preparing In times of peace for times of war. The importance of - .ri"i'n tin tr- ot shin Island was urged. Gov. Foote was also In the city, and so on the following night his admirers insisted that he he heard. If he ever had any admiration for Mr. Davis, no one was able to discover It. Alter a sharp gubernatorial campaign, Foote came out ahead by a majority of 'd votes. Mr. Foote had just returned from California, and felt that he had a right to give the people of Missis sippi the benefit of his views on pub lic questions. He mado no reference to Mr. Davis or to the speech of the nicht before, but he said: "Another thing, niv fellow-citizens, 1 desire to warn you against: Don't listen with too much admiration to military speeches in times of profound peace!" The Issues of the presidential cam paign Immediately preceding the Civil War were all discussed before great audiences in this chamber. The Know Mothlnir orators were especially elo quent and aggressive. "Put none but Americans on guard!" was the plat form. The secession convention met In this chamber on January 7, 1801. William S Iiarrv of Lowndes was chosen presi dent. You will find in the roll of dele gates such names as J. Z. George, Wiley P. Harris, L. Q. C. Lamar, Henry T. Ellctt, Thomas H. Woods, S. H. Terral, J. Shall Yerger, Daniel B. Wrlirht. J. W. Clant). Samuel Benton, Harvey W. Walter, T. A. Marshall, Yalker Brooke and other great and trcd Miilioiciitlv to be removed to Dal- ? bv Iln II, the residence of the master f. at the fox hounds. . j Tho slult'iiient of the trensiiry bill- I nca in tlie general fund, exclusive y , of the 813(1,000.(100 gtdd reserve in the 'I division of redemption, issued, on the . 4th, Showed: Available, gold balance, sj JllBjr.l.TS:!; gold, $JO,517,1B1. y;' 1 A report from Washington, on the ' 4th, 'nid: "There was a slight im- provenicnt, lo-ilnv, in the condition of l!cv. 'J'. De Witt lnlintige. Indianapolis, Jnil., wns, on the 4th, selected ns the place of the next meeting of the. Grand Arch council I'M Kappa Psi. The navy department has been in formed of ihe death of Pay Director II. T. Wright, at Port Said, F.gypt, on the. 8Mb u In it. recent all-day buttle with the Iloerh. under Generals Delaroy and Kemp, in the. western Transvaal, a detachment of Canudian J.illes, under Lieut. Bruce Carruthcrs, held n posi tion until every man wns hilled or wounded Cecil Khodes' will provides a three year scholarship In Okford university every year for every slate and terrc tnrv in Ihe linltrd States and for every British colony, and live scholar shit for students of German birth. ltcporta from ulnmst every whenfc Rrowliig county in Nebraska show thai the acreage of winter wheat is nearly 20 per cent, greater limn one vnr aivo. nnd t int wot'pectn no much' better for a full yield than ut thlH time last vear Judge William It. Day. president of "1hr WcKinlev Memorial ussociai ion, l.-i i i.u'.e n veouest. that till eontrilm- li, Hie memorial fund 110VV ill hand be forwarded to Myron T, Ur ri:! , ircu.su.rer, ut Cleveland. Berlin, April 8. According to the Kleine's Journal, John Wanamakcr was presented to Emperor William during one of his majesty's expedi tions to Norway. The introduction occurred on board Die Hamburg American line steamer Auguste Vic toria, when the emperor visited that Disregarding ceremony, Mr. Wanti- niakcr took the emperoi "" shook it firmly, and said: r am clad to meet such an rnier- Si I 4 H if ih I prising young man; that is just the VZX'XX od men of the day. Rev. C. K. Mar . : .. - a S i l l C) l It 11 JliiYCI. of com ortauie body of men ever assembled for f'RCe wn'eeZ o Tnm fi ly pcr- Uoro serious business, and none ever have been expected. I am fui y per j fnitbful exnression to the who provide them, they y at it-asi Lamar was exceed the expectations of those who ' rnl ent. the D0. partake of them. When vvo ren ect f Jp" Ho WM then , the " 'Z i, I have a vivid recollection of him as Hort of thing we admire m Atneiica, and the conversation continued in this familiar tone. l'lnneror William, who seemeu w be highly entertained by this conver sation, rcmiirkcu aueiwa... . member of his suite: in all my life ""'"ody ever tmwu to me like Hint. Tho Shah to Visit llcrlln. Berlin, April h.-OIVicinl circles here confirm the report that tne nan m Persia will visit Berlin in .ay, ... . will pnv his respects lo ranpe.o. ,u iani. The sliah is going to Contrexc for his health, and in quired of tlie authorities at Berlin , i,,l.,. bis visit would oc acecpiuoie to his majesty, who auswe.e.i am... lively. The visit was designed, to lake ,.i , lst summer, but. was post- L,,..rl ow'uil' to the mourning for the llownc'cr Empress Frederick. The shah probably will come to Berlin by way of Ut. iviersuurg runliirwl by llnvolutloulntf. Port-au-Prince, Hayli, April 8.-A ,i,,r of revolutionists, command i. c,.n. Niccolas Baptiste, in lucked Jjinnel. a town on Oic ...l, coast of Hnyll. on Saturday ' litit, town for 24 hours. i..,.Ue,i the nersons who had been inv prisoned there, nnd then retired to the hills, taking with them r-11 the arms and ammunition tuo.v couiu Lu tein. During the iightin,? which pre cededthe capture of Jacmel, two men were killed ! nunibur -were I wotiMilpd, hV sumo0? f om (the b , ts of he arose In his place immediately after f.S.""T ZJw. ultmal Vr- I the organization ot the convention and . '"'V?- ' i. rend a rnsnlut on providing for a com- sulta: mat out mue uiuio ''" '- j " ; , fif( wltn instructions to T,"19 lPihTo1-6 h?t u few pe-1 Pe are an. i-eport as speedily as pos Jackson wa laid ofl N that b ;v '' 'p,; an finance providing for the sons have as vet eon aulho wd to , , f he S(ate of M,Mls(,PPt ""?.LttS; ittKec; v sun I from the Federal Prion, with a v ew u ura t n, oQtniiHhment. of a new Conrea- . . . . r-1. n plies are to oe ransom .- -m , " , h. comosed of the seceding TJ1L:1?Z rjiVrand ! States." The committee was appoint- ,,BX;;;7ew the number, dimen-ied on the second day-Mr ;u sions and style of the buildings ere,ded enn rman ; " J " in tho town of Jackson, we cannot out "- . . " V. 01. ... ...... . in(i,mrv and folve the union tietweeu uie a(lmlr,.ne nf ci'tlens and a" i Mississippi and other States united perseverance of i ts r-'Uen. b""." , with h ' nder tho compact entitled which their situation may seem vo , -.--,. ,. a vote Lamar never but he did i ' perhaps than any 'other member of meru. . . . , , ci , ir, tij- T ie t;onstiiiuiou aa , ,,. v- rli,i more utile State House "around tho cor- fc u i r" i ner. . , ... 1 Ihn, !w.,lv in rpclnro tbfi ties tllUS tCm- The first church erecten m j c,i "r':7w memorable ex- e knew e each -the Method st-was completed in porarlly severed. Hla memoral WS tin n w h "h time the first State presslon ot Sumner's bier, "It we until wuirii iiii o . http- we would lov House wasuseat y ie . e w .. . lsaa, tne nrst Hppro- nm nrfntlL" OOO-was' mad . or"' he The roli "of dcletea was then called prlat on 5J5,ouo was m uo ior tuB i . . . nrst MmB erection ot a new ". r:'T"""T. Aie.., Afterward Ro- (lie final reiinrt was maitc. in January .s , 0(. ffio?400.000 had beeti expend-, PubUean Governor and umd Mates ed. Gov. McNutt expressed the opinion that "the expenditures nau oeen uu usnnliy extravagant." Tho present Capitol was first occu pied by the Legislature in Januarj, is;w. , , Although I cannot speak from per sonal observation of any of the exclt that, took place in ths Old Capitol from 1839 to 1855, when I first cpcratlonlst. His voto was nwaneu with Intense interest, and when ho arose he said: "Mr. President, the dip is cast, the Rubicon is crossed; I fol low tho army that goes to Rome; I vote for the ordinance!" Nlnetv nnd nine votes were cast- one delegate absent. The vote having been announced, the president called pause, waved it and. with tears in his eyes and a tremor in his, voice, re marked that it was the nrst nag un furled in the young republic. , The members saluted It by!rlslng, the tast audienco uniting In shouts ot applause. Illuminations and artillery salutes in Jackson and elsewhere throughout the State expressed the popular ap proval of this drama in the history of our State. On the day that the ordinance was passed, January 9, the convention met at 10 a. m., went into secret session at 11:30 a. m.. and continued therein un til 4:30. Action upon the ordinance occupied one hour, so that the Tote was taken at 5:30 p. m. It may be interesting here to note that the oonular war song, "The Bon nie Blue Flag, That Bears, a Single Star," was the product of this episode. Harry McCarthy, a comic actor, was then holding forth In the old theater on Spengler's corner. He wrote this sont- Immediately after the scene at the Capitol; the next day my fingers put it In type, and that night it was sung for the first time by its author. The ordinance, after being hand somely engrossed on parchment, was signed on the 15th of January the Governor and the members ot the Legislature being invited to be pres ent. The counties were called in al phabetical order. Dr. J. J. Thornton of Itankin positively refused to sign, but he was among the first to enroll his name to fight for it. The Southern Confederacy had no more gallant de fender than Col. J. J. Thornton. In connection with the ordinance, the convention adopted "An address setting forth the declaration of the immediate causes which induced and justified the secession of Mississippi from tho Federal Union. Tho convention placed the State on a war footing and elected the follow ing delegates to the Montgomery con vention, to assist in framing a consti tution for the new Confederacy: W. P. Harris, A. M. Clayton, W. S. Barry, James T. Harrison, J. A. P. Camp bell. Jefferson Davis received 88 of the 90 votes cast for major-general and the following were elected brigadier generals: Earl VanDorn, Charles Clark, James L. Alcorn and C. H. Mott. After being In session seventeen days the convention adjourned sub ject to the call of the president. Re assembled March 25, and by a vote of 78 to 7 ratified "The Constitution of the Confederate States." Several substitutes for the ordi nance to ratify were offered and promptly voted down. There was also much discussion and many able snoeehes for and against the proposi tion to refer tho question of ratifica tion or rejection to the people, Your sneaker was admitted to all the secret sessions of the convention, and I have in my possession the most Important speeches, which are still un published. The sole survivors of tho conven tion of 1SC1 arc: Judge S. H. Terral, Judge Thomas II. Woods of Meridian, Hon. J. A. Orr of Columbus, Dr. T. D. Isnm of Oxford, Col. M. D. L. Stephens of Water Valley and James M. Nelson of Pike, now residing in Texas. .""his old Canitol had. a rough expe rience uuiii.6 otu uniVa. w - cas!ons the Confederate flag was hiuled down and the Stars and Stripes floated from its dome. Many of its most valuable hooks were muuuueu ur carried off and the tramp of Federal soldiers resounded through these chambers and passages. In June, 1802, the public archives were removed to Columbus and the Legislature met there in February, 1SG5, and at Macon In August, 1804. I witnessed the assembling of the Legislature ou May 20, 1S65, as called by Gov. Clarke. It was In session only ii few hours, the members having re ceived a friendly hint from the oilicer in charge of the garrison here that instructions for their arrest were ex pected from Washington. They ail iourued sine die, and in short order, und took the dirt roads homewnrd. Tho walking was good, under the cir cumstances. A few days thereafter I saw a squad of soldiers enter Gov. Clarke's office, heard the olilcer In charge demand possession, and heard the Governor express his opinion of the whole business. In a few weeks thereafter he was hurried off to the Fort. Pulaski and confined In a case mate. Judge William h. Sharkey was ap pointed bv President Johnson Pro visional Governor of Mississippi. He called a delegate convention In August to so change the Constitution aud statutes as to adapt it to the new order of things. Hon. J. Shall Yerger of Washington county was chosen president and your speaker secretary. The delegates included many of the wisest and most conservative men in the State. But the Constitution, as amended, was not recognized at Wash ington, and the Senators and Repre sentatives elected that fall were not seated. The Legislature that followed declined to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. That was "the milk In the cocoanut." This convention, tho election and re election of Gov. Humphreys, his re moval from office "as an impediment to reconstruction," the expulsion of his family from tho executive mansion by an armed file ot souuers, tne mm tnrv rule and misrule that followed nnri dm Ttlack and Tan Convention ann rvinstltutlon ot 18CS are quite fully discussed in a paper prepared for and published by the State Historical Society. One of the first communications ad dressed to the Black and Tan was from the superintendent of the Jacx son Gas Company, who required a de posit before ho would turn on the gas. They notified hlin very promptly that thnv diiln't want his gas: that they could make their own, and they made it through four weary months, at an expense to the taxpayers of nearly half a million dollars. If vou will examine their proceedings you will find the word "compensation" of very frequent occurrence. These episodes, with the reconstruc tion regime, continued tnrougti seven long years; the impeachment or. uov, Adniimvr Amps. Lieut.-Gov. A. K Davla and Stato Superintendent ot Education T. W. Cardoza; tho revolu tion of 1S75 directed by James Z, (lonrpn and Etholbert Barksdale all made hot times In old Mississippi, to fully describe any one chapter of which would require more time than vou have to spare and nioro ability than I possess, Thn Constitutional Convention of ISu was the last most notable law making body that assembled In this hall. Our distinguished townsman, Judge S. S. Calhoun, presided. It gave us our present Constitution the rich McLturln, T. 8. Ford, Stephen D. Lee, Monroe McClurg, John M. Slmonton, H. M. Street, B. O. Bykes, wimam u. Yerger and others, whose names will live in the memory of a grateful peo ple. That convention devised what is known as the "Mississippi pian oi suffrage a plan that has stood the test of the highest legislative assault and Judicial criticism; a plan that in sures absolute and equal protection and encouragement to all In tne pur suits of life, liberty and happiness. It would be "stale news" to recount to our readers the recent flood expe riences through which our people have passed and the consequent delay and damage to crops, loss of property, and. In a few instances, of life. Most of our readers are all too familiar with tha sorrowful story, having experi enced some of the suffering and loss themselves, and others know of It through their friends or the dally nress. Suffice it to say that all pre vious high water marks have been washed away and the damage to crops, private property, bridges, public roads, etc., Is beyond all reckoning. EXPOSITION ITEMS. This column will henceforth he de voted to the interests or Mississippi's exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Ex position, and through it we hope, in our limited way. to serve the State in this grand work. Any of our readers who have good Ideas or any who know of worthy exhibits are cordially invited to communicate them to the editor and such as are available will be used In this department and thus brought to the attention of the bureau, as well as to the public. i lie ibm Suicide of Jamea Whitfield, Presi dent of the Western Base ball League. A VICTIM OF HARD WORK AID WORRY. Urn W Sportln Editor the Kb. ... CHt Star, mnd Tt With Hla Baarhall Iaterr.ta amd Flal Revrrara Ofertaaed anced Hla Mlad. , y iriiioii. Twelte Hundred People in Zapata County, Texas, Threatened by the Gaunt Spectre, Famine. ARE LIVIN80K ONE SCANT MEAL A DAY. It is a fact that most of us wait un til too late to get enthusiastic over such work as the preparation of an exhibit, thereby rendering our inter est useless, as far as practical results go. We must begin now toaay to think over this great opportunity and to plan for our share In its success. Should we allow ourselves to be care less about the matter now, waiting lor the press reports of what our neigh boring States are doing to interest and enthuse us, it will he too late, and we will nav the penalty for having to stand by In abashed silence and hear the world praise our neighbor for ex hibiting products or manufactures much inferior to those we could have exhibited If we had only started out in time. It Is to bo hoped that our manufacturing interests will realize the advantage that will accrue to them from a proper advertisement of their enterprises, thereby giving to the world excellent proof of the fact that we are in tho race for Progress. Ana we believe that most of them will be gin early enough to make suitable ex hibits. But it is chiefly to the men and women who are the backbone of the State the agriculturists that we would address this plea, begging each one to put ins or her shoulder to the wheel and push It on to success. Tills way, and this alone, lies success. For instance, if a farmer, no matter how few his acres, bas a reputation ioi some specialty, let him begin with this early season to prepare to exhibit the finest possible specimens ol nis spe clalty. There may be some man in your neighborhood whose corn is the envy of the planters around him. This being the case, for the neighbor best'to n'rake"a""tlMWg,exi?u?ll!oilpXfJ corn. Some other planter may culti vate cotton or certain kinds of cot tonwith great success; then all should help him make an "A No. 1" crop of cotton for our exhibit at St. Louis. Some others, perhaps you or yours, may find success In grains or grasses, fruits, melonB or vegetables That worthy proof of your success along your chosen line may be made before the world, you should at once begin to plan for it. A fortune lies in wait for the man or woman who can teach new and valuable lessons to bee keepers and thus increase and improve the honey for which there Is such great, demand a demand far be tho Biinniv. Whv may not some brave, bright woman of our State do th . . . . l., s' At least, sue cuum nj. But. there are too many departments which good work should ueem ior to mention all of them. We can only urge upon our people the Im portance of prompt measures in wiiae er they mean to unaeriaive. n nm kn tho vear that intervenes between he present time and the exposition for our great, educational institutions to prepare displays mac win redl table presentation or wnm uir, ura ,lmi nun thev should bend their best energies to the proper accomplish ment of this work. Tne worm ima heard much of Mississippi's generosity w ocimnla Now let us prove our selves worthy of what has been done for U3. Indeed, there is nut one waj for us to make every dollar of the $50,000 appropriation show for its full value, and that is ny joimus and hearts in the great work and push ing it forward with our iinuen streujsui. May we all do this, and do it heartily! iaT t we mar wen imn0 ' on Rev. Mr. Harrington to oner discussions incident to the Union and Pyer. Dickson product ot such patriots, statesmen Planters' Bank bonds, the chartering : At his point Mr. C. R-,'c," i ........ R3 JamPS 7l. (POrge, Wiley of r!"nrtl rcinkln and railroad ! entered tne nan nearing ,y Fpn1Pr.tnT) wt cherr.es. the Mexican war, the sensa-1 silk Haft with a single wliUo s Ur in , i - f-rr g; Cnl,,otm, Jarae8 L. tlonal absconding of Richard S. I the center (made JJT'Z corn h. . simrall, Edward Mayes, J nrnvdfl Hrnie lreasurer, uieici5iR.it- ..' ---- - Kansas City, Mo., April 8. James Whitfield president of the Western Baseball league, and for many years sporting editor of the Kansas City Star, committed suicide at his nome here early Monday morning. Mr. Whitfield was well known in sporting circles throughout the west For the last ten years he has been ir charge of the sporting department ol tlie Star, and in that capacity has al ways kept in touch with the politics of the national game. He was active ly engaged in baseball as carlv as the eighties. He was one of the organiz ers of tlie original Western leagut and was its first, president. In 1M( his presence at the National leagut meetings in Chicago and New York ,i i.iu h1i.uk for Kansas City on those occasions won for him its first and only franchise in the big league. Mr. Whitfield was made secretnrj of the club. The tornado in May ol that year spoiled the team's chances of making money, by destroying Ihe grandstand and flooding the diamond. In 1SSS Mr. Whitefield again acted us Kansas City's rep resentative, this time at Ameri can association's meetings in Cincinnati und New York, and he was again successful in securing what he went, after, a franchise for Kansas Citv. That was the last active up nearnnce in tlie baseball field until he was elected president of the pres ent Western league, at St. Joseph, last winter. Tlie work of organizing the new league proved very great and since he decided to head the league that is fighting the American association, Mr. Whitfield had toiled night i;nd day. Itecently the tax upon him be gan to tell, and for the past two weeks he has been under a physician's care. On March 2S he returned from his last trip in behalf of the league, from Peoria, and was compelled to take to his bed. Last week at the Great American handicap shoot Mr. Whitfield, by sheer force of will, attended the six days' contest. Saturday last found him on the verge of nervous pros tration, and on .Sunday lie was out of his head part of the time. Noth ing serious was thought, of his case however. Karlv Mondnv morning ht ai'ii.M- .inn ,ii.fi-.i. ............ ...... without making any remark, stepped to tlie next room and tired a bullet int., lik ciL'ht temnlc. He was dead when members of his family reached him. Mr. Whitfield's plight is laid to overwork and worry over financial affairs. He bad lost heavily on sev eral enterprises in which he was in terested. Mr. Whitfield was born in F.ngland 17 venrs aco. He came to Kansas City in l1!, and with tlie exception of one year, when he was proprietor of The lieferee, a small weekly, he had been with the Star since that time. He had lived in St. Louis, Pe oria and Pekin. 111., and was married in tlie latter city. Ha Hop of Crop This Tear, aa riaatlaa ; Tim. la Paat aad Thay Had Ha -Palnral Picture, of tha SaffartneBe alUoa Vrm Laat Taart Pi-ornt0 Draught. Laredo, Tex., April 8. Letters were received yesterday from Coun ty Clerk Peter Vails, Sheriff and Ta Collector Lazona and County juage 8pohn, of Zapata county, in response to inquiries as to the condition oi affairs In that section, and they con firm the reports of the destitute con dition of the people. County Clerk Yalls, in his letter, Rays: "I can not in words picture the misery, privations and suffering af flicting our drought-stricken county. To say some families have one scant meal a day is expressing it mildly; while I can not state positively that any people have actunlly died of starvation, still I can say in all truth, and all the residents here will bear me out, that many have died that were sick who could have been easi ly saved if nourishment had been at liand. In San Ignacio and other places the children have that pallid look, that listless walk and blank stare which clearly shows that hun ger is at hand. We ask that the gov ernor or a representative of charita ble people be sent here to investi gate. All we ask for is corn, beans, lard, coffee and sugar. Planting time has passed, and there is no hope of a crop again this year. The people, who actually require and must have aid, caii not "be less than 1,200." Sheriff and Tax Collector Lazona confirms Mr. Vails statements, and says that many cattlemen have lost the greater part of their cattle ana stock, and many have not a single animal left. County Judee Snohn certifies to tne terrible" condition of the people of Zapata county as stated in Mr. Vails' letter, and usks mat renci uc n.. nished immediately. Judge Spohn says all that the people ot Zapata ask for is the necessities of life, such as corn and beans. JUDGE CARMAN A. NEWCOMB, Death or a Well-Known St. Loula Jurl.t und Veteran o( the t'ivll War. St. Louis. April 8. Judge Carman A. Newcomb, 7S years old, a veteran of the civil war, und who has been prominently identified with the re publican party in Iowa anil Missouri since that p?rty's ')irth, died at his home in this city. He had been seriously sick in De cember and January, but recovered partially in February. A relapse fol lowed in -March, ami lrom mat ine ecline was gradual, but sure. A (lis ise incident to old age was the cause. A MATTER OF SOME COMMENT. Some Surnrlae Esprea.ert at w. Stead Not Bi-lnsr Sumfil Among! Cecil Bhodea' Eiecntora. London, April 8. The fact that W. T. Stead's name was not among the executors of Cecil Ilhodes' will has given rise to some comment, for it was generally understood that he was natef to" carry mlt 'MrNttoWs ria? rations. In order to dispel any misap prehension, B. A. Hawksley, who was counsel for Mr. Khodes, declares, in an open letter, that the removal of Mr. Stead's name was not in nny way due to differences on the subject ol the South African war, but are from other eauses.quite appreciated by Mr. Stead, and which did honor alike to both men. "In the far-back days," writes Mr. Hawksley, when Mr. Stead expounded the common inter ests of the F.nglish-speaKing peoples, is acquaintance was sought oy an. Khodes. The acquaintanceship rip ped into close intimacy and contin ued to the last. Mr. Khodes recog nized in Mr. Stead one who thought as he did and who had the marvelous gift of enabling him to clothe witti iterary charm the ideas tney uum held dear. As Mr. Khodes irequentiy aid to me and others, including .nr. Stead himself, the inenusnip oi m two men was too strong to be broK en by passing differences about the South African war. "cfir Inir Harris W. P. Fenthertnn, win by Mrs. I Martin, S. S. Ci , .., i 1 u P Klmr ), WHICH ne naumu w - - - j Uon ftEtJ mt of Gor, Quitman U j President Carry, .who, wier Ilmln't Forgotten Him. F.nh Kins, the Missouri Pacific freight conductor, was sick recently, and, after his recovery, met Joe Plumb up tho road. "I hear you have been sick," Plumb said. "Yes, iving im plied, "and you didn't come to see me." Plumb was smoking a fivc-ent cigar nnd felt that he was cornered. Aftei puffing and thinking a while ne saiu, apologetically: "Well, I thought 1 would attend the funeral. Atcnisou Globe. Mathematical Facility- In one of the public schools recently, nrcordlne to a writer In tne uenue- man's Magazine, a number ot the sman pupils were busily engaged in work ing problems in multiplication, with n,nm or less satisfactory results. After some time the teacher noticeo one little fellow who seemed most un happy. His checks were flushed, his hair tumbled, nnd tears were very near the surface. The teacner sain, in a kindly tone: Won tniin. what is me umiiei . Oh. ilcar, I wish I was a rabbit!" replied the boy. A rnh hit" exciaunen mo icnvuet, In astonishment. "Wliy on earin .,,iri von like to be a rabbit: "Well, my papa says they multiply so fast, The Only One. Tourist in London Dickens was Id the habit of frequenting this tavern. was he not? Landlord (proudly) No. sir; this is the tavern which he never irequemeu, Brooklyn Ltfjv . laws lo Salt All Taate. "This seems to be a lawless town remarked the stranger. . Lawless!" echoed Kattlesnako Pete. wi we hav lvne.li law an' mob tnw an' civil law. iSO, iMiuuci, i wouldn't call .his a lawless towu," Phlladclphia Ufcoro. CUBAN CUSTOMS REVENUES, They Show an Int-reaae for January and February Oyer Saine Tlina laat Year. Washington, April 8. The division of insular affairs ot the war depart ment gave out for publication a state ment showing that the customs rev enues of Cuba for the two monti ended February 28, 11)02, were $2 401.704, and for 1001, $2,535,334. The export duty was abolished on April 1, 1001, and, exclusive of expor duties, these receipts show an in crease over 1901 of $162,381. THEY GOT ELEVEN THOUSAND. The Bank ot Fowler, at Fowler, Col Haldrd by Safe Blowera Two Suapecta Arreated. Pueblo. Col.. April 8. The Bank of Fowler, at Fowler, Col, 2$ miles east yj this city, was robbed ol 5-lJ.wu oy afc blowers at one o'clock Monday morning, several emii-g.-s u u"" pivcerine were exploded to open the safe, ana tne casn do. wumi roused by the explosions, ana nrim . . . . . . i . .. . 1, ,1 ) ,-. ttvcral snot, at, iuui "" ....... seen running away, but the robbers succeeded in getting out of town. News of the robbery was telephoned t i neighboring towns. Two men who bonrded the Santa Fe train at Nabes la. seven miles west, ol Fowler, Mon day morning," were arrested as sus pects hy Deputy Sher'fif Thomas, who nlsc boarded the train ut -"''epta. In their possession were found -S2SS d several coin saek4. The prisoners have not been identified, but they gave the names of James li. Scanlon anu J. P. Hannahan. Admiral Kodnera Loaea Hla Tnae. Washington, April 8. The United States supreme court yesterday af firmed the opinion of the court of cluims in the case of Admiral ItoU erick Kodgers. The case was a ques tion of the difference of pay under the navy personnel act of 1809. He waR appointed a rear admiral in that vear and from t lieu "until 1001 was one of the nine rear admirals of lower rank. He received the sam- pay as brigadier general In the army while on sea (imy un(j io per ci-ni. i--a while on duty on shore. Suit was brought to secure full compensation. llnddn, Mnllnh'a Mlaalon. Peshawur, Punjab, April 8. Hadda Mullah, the fanatic, who was report ed to be marching on Cfcbul with 5,- 000 armed followers, reached Cabul, March 28. He saw the ameer, con gratulated him on his accession, and expressed the intention of returning home immediately, having accom plished the purpose of his visit, which was solely one of congratulation on hla accession and condolence on the death of his father. There is uu indi cation that lladda's visit is creating tha complications which were feared. Ambaaandor Tower Coming; Home. St. Petersburg, April 8. Charle magne Tower, the United States am bassador to Kussm, will start from this city for Lausanne, Switzerland, Tuesday. Later, he will leave for the United States, and expects to reach Washington early in May. A Clay to Marry an Euallahaian. Paris, Ky., April 8. Announcement is made of the approaching marriage of Miss Sue Clay, daughter of Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr., and niece of Hen ry Clay, the great commoner, to Dr. Goodman, of London, England. Appointed Profeaaor ot German. Schenectady, N. Y., April Dr. E. W. Schneider was appointed profes sor of German at Wallace college and Nast theological seminary at Berea, 0., by the German Methodist Episco pal conference, which closed Its thirty-seventh annual session Monday. Presented to the Prealdeat. Washington, April 8. Uaron lien jenmuller, the Austrian minister, yes terday presented to llui jirtUdcKt .tc officers ot the Austrian truinWt MV Svigetvar. !