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RP. A fflN Hi Jh VOLUME LVII. NUMULlt 21. MACON, MISSISSIPPI, SAT U It DAY, APRIL 13, 1007, (FOR GREATER MISSISSIPPI Ttovotod to th AurlPUtuiriU, Commercial ami Imlimlrlal lV-velopmtnit nf Urn Stum's lnciiiintrub:e Kesoimtcs-ot'.clul Orifioi (if l;.'p;itim.-jl of Aurk-ulmrc uud Coumieree. Br H. E. HLAKKSI.F.K, Jackson. It is gem-rally conceded that one of, If not tlie must important, mutters lip fore Mississippians tu-duy is tin; im provement of public rouil conditions. There is not a mun, woman or child but what will agree that our roads nre miserable farces in many respects, and that improvement is badly needed. But when a man is asked to name a remedy there is no great rush for position in front. We generally are prompt to con demn and slow indeed to suggest some thing to remedy the evil, ,'he writer baa made some study of road conditions and the suggested ineth- (us of improvenifyit. While there is still n ureal deal for all to learn, if the sub ject is lint agitated and some effort made fifty years from now will find us in th same rut. It is unincstionably better to make an effort, though some mistake!) may l,e made, than to sit still and do nothing but complain. If each county would try an experiment in road-building of only a few miles the result would be worth a great deal in the, way of education, four miles of good road would in n short time en courage the building of more. If it was only partially good to begin with the cause for partial failure would be apparent anil the cause remedied. It might not be well to spend a large sum in trying to build roads all over a coun ty, for it is likely that a great deal of money would be wasted, but if a few miles were built this year and a few miles the next, profiting by the expe rience gained in the past, it would be only a mutter of a few years until the county would be supplied with fairly good highways from center to edge. For some years yet the only road that can be considered must be of dirt. Makes no dilTcrence how that road may bo huilt and maintained, we will not consider expensive construction for sonic time, and the very best dirt road will be in general use. The contract system of building and maintaining roads is coming into pretty general use and has proven generally satisfactory. Of course, some counties where the contractor is not made to comply with the contract it has not worked well, but in a general way t lie contract system is proving suc cessful, and more count ies are adopting the system every year. Uy this means the roads are raised in the center some ten to fifteen inches and the water drained away from them. In a majority of cases tiiis plan is good; however, there are gumbo stretches and sand beds where other means must be employed. Where gumbo and sand can be found in ordinary close proximity, either can be made better with the use of the other. A gumbo stretch surfaced with sand and mulched together can be made reinm nbly good and the opposite treatment for a Band stretch. A contract or graded road can be improved gratly by the use of the drag, as described in the road bulletin issued from this department. It iH safe to say that with an intelli gent handling of our roads in Missis sippi Uiey can be made reasonably good at n minimum expense for construction and maintenance with the dirt which underlies them. There iii another matter in connection with the bettering of our roads that is deserving of nttention. It may seem n little startling to say that it is probable that our people ore spending several times as much making bad roads as they are in trying to make good ones. In vestigation will bear out this assertion. Wo are doing more for the destruction of roads than we nre for the construc tion nf them. The expense incident in the use of narrow tires for heavy loads, both in the cost of transportation as well as in the destruction of loads, is greater than the money expended in try ing to make them better. Experiments have shown that earth roads properly built are better under six-inch tires than graveled roads arc under one anil one half inch tires. The narrow tire nets as a rooter or subsoiler for the road, tear ing it up deeper each trip, while Lie riroad tire has just the opposite effect, rolling it down smooth and hard, the road getting better by constant use. Tests made at the A. & II. College of Missouri prove that the power necessary to draw a given load over a road for a period of time is less with a five-inch lire than with a one and one-half inch tire. There nre various tests that can be shown in support of this contention and it goes without contradiction that the broad tire is better for nil classes of roads and more especially bo for dirt roads. This is a subject that should be care fully considered by our citiens. Our loads must be improved. I'liblie senti ment demanih that something be dune, and this can only be disposed of intelli gently after a careful consideration and Lcland is growing so fast that many improvements are needed and the citi zens are arranging to supply tho needs. The water plant needs enlarging, a new jail is demanded and other improve ments nro contemplated. Lcland is cpial ;o spoon am pun opmu pumuop a'uh l the city and surrounding country will be supplied. . . , - '" Vigor, a good , 'constitution and pen "a! good health make heps' profitable. Without tlicse good feeding" can avail little. The gigantio trot that controls the reaper, mower nnd other agricultural implement business has now gone into the manufacture of farm wagons, Mis sissippi only 1ms a few 'concerns Unit make wntrons. but they deserve protec tion of Home kind against the trust Hint will sooner or later make tho effort to put them out of business. , , ' A milking machine' is being tried In the dairy department of the A. & M. College. Die result of the experiment frill la watolied with Interest. Investigation of the means to be em ployed and the sacredly oa'i ing out of what it determined to be tlie best. Tin writer is anxious to hear from some of those who have thought of the matter with the result of their investigations. Let's have u full and free discussion of thin impurtuut subject. It has been contended by some fur years that Mississippi bad within lr r borders valuable deposits of phosjihato rock which is largely used in the initiiu iaeture of fertilizers. A recent visit, of Laud Commissioner Nail to the coast, taken together with a notice that ap pears ill the Manufacturers' Iteeord to the effect that C. H. Wood of Moss I'oint would develop phosphate properties dis covered on Greenwood island, leaves tlio impression that something has been found down there, although it would come as something of a surprise if the immediate coast country was to develop phosphate mines. There is likely good phosphate in the State, and it. i to be hoped that the geological survey will show this to be a fact. t Hon. Waller Clark of the Cotton As sociation is giving to the people of Mis sissippi some wholesome advice these days, and it is safe to follow the coun sel of this gentleman, lie is a man of vast experience and does not say what to do unless be knows that it is prac ticable. With reference to diversifica tion he savs: "If we would see pros perity in Mississippi this fall, let us plant corn and grasses abundantly and then all of the cotton we can work and gather. To every farmer I wiu!d say: See that your tenants plant and culti vate their gardens well, and do not fur get your own. This policy will reduce very much your buying billp. If you are buying )eed a few acres of sorghum hroaden.v, tluec bushels to the aer.', will give you a supply of green feed by the middle .if May which will reduc yum feed bills." Talk about what can be done in Mis sissippijust see the following from the Senatobia Democrat: "One farmer whom we know feeds and clothes his family from the proceeds from the but ter ami milk which he gets from one jersey cow. The records of this cow last year was 01)0 pounds of butter nnd J ,000 gallons of milk, which netted tlif owner about $2.'0." Does a cow in the Klgin district of Illinois pay the owner better than this Tate county cow? No. .Mississippi otrers as much or more to the man who is willing' to work and mix a little brains with his labor than any state in our great, Union. Get this fact in your head. l'rosperity having struck Louisville In large quantities, it transpire that the school building is inadequate to the needs of tlie' town, and the good people are arranging to erect a new one with sufficient capacity to take care of the situation for several years to come. It is proposed to build one that has all modem conveniences and in a thorough ly substantial manner. It is character istic of Louisville to do things right and the new school building will not be all exception. Charleston will turn out to welcome the "kyais" in a few weeks. The rail road is almost completed, only a little more work being necessary. The town has shown a wonderful growth ahead of the cars and this will no doubt be great ly stimulated when the steam horso comes in. I'.eautifying our cities and towns is a highly commendable work and the leagues for civic improvement being or ganized at West I'oint and other places are steps in the right direction and de serve the hearty support of every 0110 interested in the towns, and all citizens are. The Free l'ress at I'oplarville is al ready a splendid paper, but in the near future a type-setting machine will be in stalled that is guaranteed not to smoke cigarettes, chew tobacco, swear, get drunk or stay out all night. ' I'oplar ville and the Free l'ress are all right. Are you doing your part toward build ing the Union warehouses? It. is a mat ter that deserves ' your support, both with sympathy and financial aid. It is the sensible plan for handling cotton and should be pushed until warehouses nre in every county nnd community. The stale and county fairs will prove of inestimable value in creating a ri valry among our people for excellence in the production of field crops and live stock, dive the fairs your hearty sup port. Supreme Justice Whitfield rendered a decision in the Supremo Court a few days since that has a far-reaching meaning and import. ' Something will be said of this decision in this depart ment next week. Japanese sugar cane is said to be one of the best forage cropo that can be grown in Mississippi, yielding well and excellent for feeding. Tim weekly papers of Mississippi are mnking a loyal fight for the home met chint and against' the nmil-oidor houses, publishing each week strong nr tie'es in the ready-print side of their paper. It. is n little discourgaging for the editor, however, if the home mer chants do not give him their patronnge. If they use stationery printed by for eign houses and do not advertise their wares can they expect tho local paper to keep up this campaign? It is a gun loaded nt both ends. When the fanners are educated, as they eventually will be, thero will be no occasion to say that they cannot be organized and kept organized. It takes some nerve to join n movement where such powerful interests must be antag onized, as is the case with agricultural or".inizntions, but proper education fur nishes this nerve io iiiumi m ".; "u strength to keep it up after onco being oUltcd. , , . Tho right kind of a man is sure to have enemies. There is a class that an tagonizes averythiiig that in right. CATc:ii.a 0:1 If 2 WB CZAR TO ABDICATE RUMOR THAT RUSSIAN RULER WILL SOON RESIGN. MiND IS SAID TO BE WEAKENED Report Says Grand Duke Will Appoint Regent During Heir's Infancy. London, lng. Tlio Dally Mirror, one of the liarmsworlh publications, announces, on what it claims to be excellent authority, that, the czar of Ilussia will resign within a month Of late, it Is stated, the czar's mind has become very much weakened and he has shown himself incapable of performing the smallest, duties, at times being unable to sign even his name. The Mirror also announces that, marriage bus been arranged between (irand Duke Michael nnd the Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, niece of King F.lward. Tlio visit of the dowager empress of Russia Kngland, it Is added, was "hielly for the purprso of negotiating his marriage. The dowager empress is a sister of Quern Alexandra. The Mail also prints the story, but 'ho Russian embassy in London de Mies all knowledge of it. BUSSE STEPS IN APRIL 15. No Dual Government for Chicago Un less Contingencies Arise. Chicago. "I have no hh a at pres ent of taking office until April 13. I do not. expect to go to the city hall Monday or any day this week. I do export to go there Apni 15." This statement, made by Mayor elect I'rod A. Husse, gave practical assurance that Chicago would not be the scene of a dual municipal govern ment, nnd attendant compllcatkns which It was feared might follow the swearing in of Mr. IJusse as mayor last Saturday. Mayor Dunne is not to be forcibly ousted, but will have the customary opportunity of addressing a farewell message to the old council and witness the formal Inauguration of the litisse administration. Mr. Husse admitted contingencies might arise which might cause him to as sume the office prior to April l.", but that hp does not now foresee any such contingency. SIX HUNDRED STRIKE. But Later Half of the Men Rttturn to Work. San Francisco .ill the union men employed on the Hotel Fairmont were called off Wednesday by order of P. II. McCarthy, president of the Building Trades Council. Six hundred obeyed the order, but after excited meetings bad been held on the street, more than half of them returned to work, declaring the order of McCarthy to be tyrannical nnd unjust. The men will take the matter up with their re spective unions. McCarthy's order grew out of his controversy with tho Independent, union of electrical work ers, which was formed hero some time ago in defiance of his orders. Laundry Workers to Strike. ' San Francisco Twelve hundred laundry workers here and GOO In Alanicdn county voted to go on strike when their employers refused to grant them an eight-hour day and nn Increase of wages. Nine laundries here closed down. Only three laun dries agreed to tho terms proposed by the union. Indian Trader Dead at 83. Detroit, Mich. Frederick R Sibley, a prominent Detroit capitalist, died Monday, aged 83 years. In his youth ho was nn Indian trader in northern Michigan, Wisconsin tu'd Minne sota. Volcano Is Inactive Almost. Kingston, St. Vincent Dr. Tempest Andurson, who has just mudo a study of tho condition of tho St. Vincent volcano, says the crater of the volcano Is Inactive, except for a smnll discharge of steam In two places. The lake is restored and vegetation Is growing up to an alti tude of 1.400 feet. Examination of ma terials thrown out during the last erup tion confirms the conclusions set forth In the report mado by Dr. Anderton to the Royal Geographical society In 1902. To Blow Up Ships. Hamburg. Pamphlets signed by the "executive committee" have been dis tributed among tho ships where im ported English' longshoremen are quartered, threatening to blow up the vessels. Mother and Child Burned. Milwaukee, Wis. Glnna Fischel CuiBfcia uud aer C-yeai old daughter wer btirncl to death tolay when a hoarding house, kept by the woman's hhsband In West AUU, was burned to Uia ground- - to v.iz Tr.iCK. OCCUPATION MAY BE BRIEF Troops to 3e Withdrawn from Oudja Gradually. Lalla, Manila, Algeria. At present, although it is impossible to saw how long the occupation of Oudja will be continued, it is not probable that the entire force of 3,000 men will remain for long on Moroccan territory. As soon as the power of France lias been established the greater portion of the column of occupation will be with drawn gradually, leaving at Oudja only the few hundred men who are necessary for the preservation of or der. Col. Reidel, chief of staff, who al ready has taken over the administra tion of Oudja, said yesterday that ev erything led him to believe that the occupation would have a widespread and calutory effect upon Morocco. All the .Moroccan chiefs of the region are coming in and today Col. Reidel will explain the circumstances of the oc cupation to them. HOME COMPANY INVESTIGATION. Lawyers fcr the Corporation Before the Grand Jury. San Francisco, Cab further In vestigation into the bribery transac tions of the Home Telephone Co. was begun when the grand jury resumed its session yesterday. A number of witnesses were called, among them be ing George frlck and Mark Gerstle, members of the law firm which at tended to the company's legal busi ness; F. W. Eaton, secretary and treas urer of the Pacific States Co.; E. M. Van Lieu, a director of the Empire Construction Co. of Oakland, an allied corporation of the Home Telephone Co.; R. M. Hotallng, a frmor direetr of tho Home; Nicholas Prondcrgast, "outside man" for tho Home. President Meets Delta Chi. Washington. D. C. Delegates to the Dlta Chi fraternity, In session here, were yesterday Introduced to President Roosevelt by Secretary Cor telyou. The convention considered applications for charters filed by the following universities: Yale, Texas, Cioorge Washington, Washington and Lee. Louisiana, Southern California, Indiana, Kansas, Iowa and North Car olina. Sent Protest to President. New oYrk. The executive com mittee of the organization known as the Moyer-Haywood Protest Con ference, announced last night, that it had sent to President Roosevelt a let ter protesting against the president's reference to Mover nnd Haywood In the letter addressed to Representative James S. Sherman and recently made public In connection with the E. H. Harrltnan letter incident. Famine Still Stalks in China. Washington, D. C. Famine condi tions in China are not improved, ao cording to a cablegram from Rev. T C. MeCrea of Chin Kiang, China, for warded to the state department by Ixmls Klaposch, of New York. Thou sands are perishing, according to tho report, and much more relief is need ed. To Council of Empire. St. Petersburg M. Pichno, a for mer professor of the I'nlversity of Kiev, has been made a member of the council of empire. He Is a noted re actionary and antl-semlte nnd is the reputed organizer of the anti-Jewish attack at Kiev. Steamer City of Troy Burns. ' Poufbkeepsie, N. Y., It is report ed here that the steamer City of Troy caught fire near Dobbs Ferry while coming up the river Friday night and that the boat will be a total loss. It is said there were 4011 passengers aboard, but that thsy were rescued. Ten Rescued by Life Crew. Norfolk, Va Ten persons were rescued from death by Cnpt. Etherldge and his crew of life-savers at Nag' head, North Carolina station, early Sunday morning, when the four-masted schooner Louis Dossart. was blown ashore by the heavy northeast pale that has prevailed along tho Virginia Carolina coast for the past 48 hour. A line was shot over the schooner and the breeches buoy rnn out. One by one all on board were hauled to safe ty through the seas, and on the last trip Capt. Fletcher came In. Peary Now Has Funds. New York, N. Y. Commander Rob ert E. Peary. It Is stated, now has the $200,000 necessary for his coming ex pedition to the far north and expects to set out about the last of June, Negro Hanged. Victoria, Tex. Felix Powell, a ne gro convicted of complicity In the killing of Mis. A. J. Condlt and l.ii four children at their home near Edna on Sept. 20, 1905, was handed her Tuesday la the presence of fully 3,000 people, MR. STEAD IN PULPIT 8AYS AMERICA HAS GREAT OP PORTUNITIES AT THE HAGUE. "UNITED STATES CF THE WORLD" Has Interesting Programme Outlined for the Delegates to the Confer ence from All Quarters. New York, N. Y. W. T. Stead occupied the pulpit In the Plymouth church, Brooklyn, Suiidav night and set forth bis views as to the oppor- taken on the constitutional democratic Utilities which was afforded to Amur- i motion to refer the budget to commit icans by the coming Hague confet- tee. There Is a social democratic Mice of rousing other nations to a j amendment to reject the budget totally sense of the importance of making I the correspondent has been in definite and Immediate progress to- formed that the passage of this amend ward the ideal described by the phrase j "'nt will be regarded as justification "the I'nited States of the World." He i for dissolution. Tho vote is expected urged Unit, at. the coming peace con- i ,0 be very close. The social demo vention twelve representative Amer- i (,ilts tave succeeded in aligning the lean men and women should ho se lected an the neucleus of the pilgrim age of peace. These persons would then appeal to the American people for their Indorsement, by public meet ings or signed memorials. Armed with this evidence of national sup port, they would In the first case go as a deputation to the president, and to tho secretary nf state, asking then; to Instruct their delegates at The Hague to support lhe above program. Then they would approach the British ambassador, Informing him of their j Intention to start, at once for England I in order to appeal to the British pen- j 1 -!lxl'ii Kovalevaskya, a member pie for their support in pressing ! ,he ,,wer h"uso- His disnualirlca Ihelr requests upon the king and his ' ,io!1 was "rs''(1 fm tllH grounds that ministers. No Doubt of Proper Reception. Mr. Stead said there was no doubt that tin y would receive an over whelming popular reception in Britain, where the ground already had been prepared. At London they would be joined by four pilgrims from each of th i Ilin e Scandinavian countries and the Americans and Scandinavians, together with twelve liritlsh pllgrams, would present their petition to the king at Buckingham palace and to his ministers In Downing street. The "A pilgrims would then ei'iss over to Paris. The same thing would be re peated there. Receptions by the pres ident, of the republic and his ministers, the municipality ami the chamber of commerce would afford ample demon strati). n of the loyalty of France to the principle of fraternity. The pil grims now swollen to 4S by the adop tion of 12 French pilgrims, would pick up others at Geneva and then go On to Rome. From Rome the pil grims, now 02 in number, would go to Russia, and 'SO would arrive at Ber lin, !i$ would reach Brussels and then 110 would finally round up at The Hague to present, their petition to the conference, which is to assemble on June I. Mr. Stead said thnt the Idea had been received with enthusiasm in En- I rope. MORMONS IN CONFERENCE. Church Has Paid Off Its Million Dol lars of Indebtedness. Salt Lake City, Utah The seventy-eighth annual conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints began here Friday in the Mormon tabernacle, representatives of Mormon colonies all over the world being present. All of the services of the general conference will be open to the public exci'pt the meetings of the priesthood, to be held today. Presi dent Joseph F. Smith made the an nouncement that the church had com pletely paid up its $1.000,OHO bonded indebtedness. A lengthy address to the world was adopted, setting forth the principles of Mormonisni, protest ing against criticism brought against the church, proclaiming loyalty to th Tinted States and declaring that the church has kept the pledge given when statehood for I'tah was made possible on condition that polygamy be aban doned. Apostle Reed Smuot was among the church dignitaries present. Anti-Pass Provision Reconstrued. Washington. The anti-pass pro vision of the railroad rate law re ceived further construction by tho In terstate commerce commission Friday in an opinion by Commissioner Har lan to the effect that Frank Parmolee Transfer Co. of Chicago may not re ceive free interstate transportation, although there is no law to prevent tho transfer company from giving all the free transportation It pleases. May Be Heavy Penalty. Minneapolis, Minn. Hearing of the rebate charges against the Chicago,- St. Paul, Minneapolis & Oma ha road began Tuesday in the United States court, Jud:e l.ochren presiding. There are fifty counts in the Indict ment against the road. The maximum penalty against ihe road in case the government -won would be $1,000,000. Can Not Build Tunnel. St. Petersburg The cabinet yester day rejected a proposal made on behalf of an American syndicate for the con struction of a railway tunnel under Bearing straits, by which It was hoped ultimately to connect the Trans Siberian with the Canadian Pacific railroad. The council of ministers Wednesday announced tho acceptance of a pro posal mrde by Minister of Financ Kokovsoff for the reduction of rail road freight chnrges on cast Iron, cast steel and rails for ei.ports. Oregon Accepts Invitation. Washington, D. C The governor of Oregon has notified Acting Secre tary Oliver of the acceptance of the war department's Invitation to the Oregon national guard to participate with the coast artillery in joint drills this summer. Charles F. Humphrey Reappointed. Washington Tlio president has reappointed Brig. Gen. Charles F. Humphrey S3 quartermaster genera! to succeed himself on the expiration of bis proseat term. RUSSIA ENTERS A DENIAL Cabinet Has No Intention of Dissolving Lower House. St. Petersburg Ilussia. The press is authorized to give a positive and categorical denial to the various ru mors telegraphed abroad to the effect that the cabinet bad decided to dis solve the lower house of parliament. The correspondents learned that a few of the reactionary members of the cab inet maintain that the lower house should be dissolved on any pretext, but the matter has not been discussed at Otis of the last three cabinet ses sions. The cruclcal moment, however, Is expected today, when a vote will be social revolutionists, the populists and a part of the group of toil, altogether 210 deputies, on their side. Tho con stitutional democrats have a slight lead, expecting to have 210 deputies. Hut the reactionaries who are schem ing to overturn the duina may re peat the precedent established March 2S and vote with the social democrats against, the constitutional democrats. The group of toil will Introduce bills today for the abolition of the death penalty and a martial law. The coun cil of empire has rejected by 104 votes to 25 a proposal to disuualifv no was a supernumerary professor, and upon this basis iie bad already been disqualified by the senate. DR. WILEY IS SURPRISED. Muc'i Canned Goods Sent to England Is Not Properly Labeled. Washington, D. C Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, chief of the bureau of chem istry of the department of agriculture, expressed surprise Friday night when shown a dispatch from London, in which Health Officer Stepney is quot ed as saying that 75 per cent of the canned goods Imported into England from the I'nited States are not labeled and that English firms ufterwards put on their own labels. Dr. Wiley sail ho had always supposed that such goods were fully and correctly labeled. "It is a common practice among many manufacturers." said Dr. Wiley, "not to put their own labels on their goods, but instead, the labels of the jobbers. It may be that goods sent to England are labeled with the names of English Jobbers In harmony with this common custom. Russo-German Medical Society. Berlin, Germany. There has been formed a Russo-German Medical so ciety, under the presidency of Prof. 1 ut,"vu- l" nnu rrot. iteeli- lerou, or at. I'etersuure. i he oh ect oi uie society is tne promotion of sci entific and social relation beiweoa the physicians of the two countries. Among the several humliv.i meii'beu of the society are the niott famous physicians of Germany, Austria and Russia. No Race Suicide. San Francisco, Cab Statistics pre pared by tlie immigratlcn board at this port show that, according to the claims of all the Chinese who swore they are native born, every Chinese woman in this country must have been the mother of HS children. This In teresting condition was made known whe l the figures collected from vari ous points in the country were tabulat ed. Immigration Law Now Effective. El Paso, Tex. The r. :w immigra tion law went Into effect April 1 nnd as a result 500 Japanese la borers are in Juarez In straitened ?ir cumstances, it is said. Several arc being detained In jail here pending deportation via San Francisco. The Japanes e were not. as expected, turned back Into Mexico, but ordered back to Japan direct. To Probe Canal Commissary. Washington. The president, has taken up the complaints affect ing th commissary department on the isthmus of Panama that have come to hl:n as the result of recent visits of members of congress to that place. He has assured his callers that the allegations affecting graft In that de partment and other complaints shall be looked into promptly. Salt of Stanford White's Effects. New York. The sale of the furnishings of the late Stanford White's home continued yesterday, the prices realized being even higher than those received Thursday. The receipts for the day amounted to $27. 393. making a total of $47,924 for the two days' sale. The highest single price paid was $1,200 for an Afghan to have lieetj.iuade chief justice. r- Bids President Good-Bye. Washington. Baron Speck von Sternburg, the German ambassa dor, called at the White House Sun day nnd bade President Roosevelt good-bye preparatory to sailing for Europe Tho ambassador and Dar one3s Sternburg will leave hero today ofr New York. Boston Financiers Fail. Costnn. The failure of Webster P. Putnam & Co., bankers and b'okers of this city, was announced Saturday on the lioston stock exchange. For Killing Newspaper Editor. Gerlng, Neb. A jury in the dis trict court Wednesday brought In a verdict of murder In the second de gree against E. S. Kenison and recom mended the extreme penalty. Kent son last December shot and killed Sam D. Cox, a newspaper man well known In the state. Report Yellow Fvr. Vera Cruz Yellow fever Is report ed hero to exist at Tierra Blanca. Tho state authorities have taken meMure' to check Its spread. ! I SOUTHERN AGRICULTURE IMPROVED COTTON SEED. The Importance of Carjful Selection for Planting. A good many lannuis appreciate, ill otiie dugre.. the importance of care fully sel.-cl.ing cotton seed for plant lug. A Luge number give little or no attention to tin matter, and are con tent to plant, the same variety year alter year, only tailing some pains to save seed from tin bssc pickings. "it very few indeed are aware of tin dif ference bc'wc-n the productiveness "t the best and of the poorest varieties. The writer, while director ot the Georgia experiment station, conducted careful field tests of varieties annually for a period of 17 years. During the ten-y ar period covering tlie years 15.1... to l'JOl, inclusive, the number of vari ties annually teettd ranged from lis to 30, aveiaging 23. Taking the av erage yields and seed of too variety that stood at the head of the list cacti year, ami the yielus of th;; variety that stood at tho foot of the list eaci year, the results were as follows: Yields and value pc-r acre (lint, 10c; seed, iOc, per cwt.) Lint. Seel. Lb',. Lbs. Valui. 10 years' tests... 5Vd 97-1 $.".. 10 10 best varieties. .lie'I e-lfi 2 - Difference 190 KIS $20.'!'', How does the above allowing strik't the fanner trader who never Investi gated the subject? Bear in mind that the test was not between improved va rieties and admittedly r.nn-i.'iiproved I varlfk-s. The tceis of each were I supplied by a grower, or g.edniian, in : full confidence that his would provo to b" one of the b- :-t. True it is that ' some of the vari ties included among I the "poorest" may have been no b.-t- j ler than ordinary, nnseheted seed. But the value of the test is in no wise affected. On the contrary, it Is a les- j son to th.; farmer who realizes the Im portance of planting the best variety, but who does not conduct the work of selecting In a scientific, way. It will be interesting to compare the economic results of two cotton-grow ers, one of whom plants only the most productive and the other the least productive of the 23 competing vari eties: The difference in value of prod ! net per acre in favor of tlie best va rieties was $20.08. Suppose we allow $10 per acre as the cost r p"(-paring, planting and cultivating one acre oi cotton, and "i per acre for fertilizers, making $lj in all. It is ck-ar that the $20.03 would pay the cost of produc ing an acre of cotton and leave "to the good." Put it a little differently. Two high ly Improved and productive farms might be fertilized and cultivated ex actly alike in every particular for ten years, excepting '..hat on one farm the best vari-. ty only is planted, and on the other farm only the poorest va- riety Is planted. The result would be that tho one farm wcnld produce ?2o per acre in excess of the. other, or enough to pay all expenses of prep aration, cultivation nnd fertilization tnot incliidint; co&t of picUingi. Or suppose two fanners, of erpnl skill and industry, should each plant and cultivate 100 acres of exactly tho same highly productive quality of land, and with the same kind and amount cf fertilizer, in precisely the same man ner, for a period of ton years, with the single difference that one plants seed of the best attainable 'variety ol cotton. Mnd the other plants of tie poorest nf th" varletk? tested each year, it Is clear that th" farmer plant. Ing the best variety will produce an nually $2,m;.0 mere cotton than will the otlur; or. in the ten year. i2. 000! This would he enough tn buy cut the second farmer's 100 acres at $.yi an acre and have Sir.0"0 p. ft for other Investments J. R. Reddit'. ex Direc tor Georgia Experiment Station. , Mule Celts! Every farmer should get him a good brood mare and raise c.t least one nml colt a year. The tremendous revenu that is being paid by the south to the north and west for mules alone is as tonlshlne. A hundred million dollars is paid out by the cotton crowing sec tion annually for mules and horses. This estimate Is far too small, and ii actual figures were at. hand to quote from it would be found that this Is tho very minim urn. Richest Class In the Wcrtd. You farmers, men and women, th!nk yourselves too poor. You belong to the richest class in all the world, the land-owning class. Stick to it, even thouch you do have to work hard to hold the land, and though luxuries oo come very slowly. Those of you in th" possession of a small tract of land should have the same ideas, the same ambitions as he who has tilled for hitu hundreds and hundreds of acres of the richest bottom lands. Important to Consider. The most important thing to con sider in the making of corn is the humus in the land. There is no need for tlie farmer to buy fertilizers in such large quantities until he has used more of the mineral matter stored in his lauds that he bought by the ace When Hogs "Stagger." Hog "staggering" is either the re sult of kidney worms, or some dis ease ot the nervous system. Take some turpentine nnd rub along the back and loins. Give ono ounce of castor oil, into which yen have added eight or ten drops of turpentine. In three days, if not decidedly better, give a tablespoonful of sweet oil, into which put three drops of fluid extract of mix vomica an dit'tooti drops of oil of gaultherla; give this for three days. The above Is good for any partial par alysis In hogs. - Barnyard Manure. There will be no loss of nitrogenous as In mixing stable manure with acid phosphate. If carbonate of llmo bo mixed with barnyard manure the ac tion on the manure would cause a rap Id escape of the ammonia, and the barnyard manure would be greatly re duced In strength. Ths commercial phosphates and potash can tie mixed with the manure and turned under to gether without any loss. Bulpbur and iron ara two minerals IkU enter lute tho caks-up of t tea. Two Crops at Same Time. Tennessee City, Tenn. In 11mj I planted a piece of corn about lOtu ot June. I first drilled com, then put stock pea plate Iti corn drill and set It. to drop eight Inches. That put peas about four Inches apaiL I ran tlu drill In the same itirrows I drilled the corn. I 'owed the corn twice. I had ten or twelve acres of corn b sides this plat that was planted about May 15 and plowed three times. When gath ering time came I couldn't tell any difference in the corn. The rame ntim b r of rows made a load from each plf ce. - I turned romo calves on the poai be fore frost. They didn't hurt the corn, but fattened on tbs peas and vines after corn was gathered. I turned hogs on the remainder of pease. I made) two crops on same piece of land at the same time, same cultivation, and each crop mad:; as much as if it had i been planted by itself, and also built up my land. DIXIE WRIGHT. Potash and Lime For Peanuts. At present, prices peanuts are morn profitable than for years. Lime must not be neglected, as it is esential to an average yield. Tha pods will bo full where there Is an abundance of potash. Do riot allow a bushel of ashrs to he poured out at the back yard, when they will do so much In Increasing the crop of nuts. Whorj asln s can not bi obtained at the rate of SO bushels per acre, then buy to 400 pounds of German kainlt. Ono ton will be suffich nt for five acres, and the increase of crop in valua will far exceed this expenditure. Broom Corn. Broom corn belongs to the sorghum family and should be planted and culti vated about the same as sorghum. 1 ne price is good if tlie heads of tho, straw be turned down when they are straight and s-and up. While tha straw is green the top of the brootn corn Is turned down so tho straw will remain united. From COO to 700 pounds of cleaned Is about the average yield per acre. The price is from $00 to $b0 per ton. Learn About Fruit and Truck. Through the commercial club of Huntington, Tenn., arrangements have been made whereby the farmers of the county will be addressed on the first Monday in each month on the subject of truck farming and fruit growing by speakers who are familiar If you will put salt oa the back3 of your cattle, they will lick each ether. This 'cause the salt to strike la and kill the grubs. If They Only Would. If every farmer of the south could be persuaded to have as many cowj on his farm as he could, then the long. looked-for time would be here whe.i prosperity would spread her wings over all this beautiful heaven-blessed land. Tho fatted calf would not longer be a figure of speech, but a verkaMa i reality on every homestead, pebts would be well-nigh abolished and a Joyous content would smile on every face. Cotton Fertilizer. Experience has taught the most suc cessful cotton growers to mix 1,00(1 pounds of acid phosphate, 73 pounds muriate of potash and 700 pounds of cottonseed meal as the proper propor tions for cotton. Acid phosiiha'e is of move importance than the other ele ments. Mix these so as to apply aa much as 400 pounds of the acid to each acre. An abundance of barnyard manure will help loosen tough soils. 3rek the Land Well. f!onl plowlnsr thnt is, to rav- land well broken is also essential tn a maximum corn crop. As a rule, farm ers of the south do no: attach enough Importance to the thorough breaking of the land. No work should receive more attention that the first breaking for a corn crop. Tlie good r 'suits can be traced throughout the entire s a son. Rape Plant For Hoas. If you were to travel from Canada, to Florida hunting for a feed to tp'-o pigs nnd hoes !u n healty condition there Is nothing that can be. found" Tiat will eoual the rape plant. It will grow In a cool climate'. It will bo ready for stock in fifty to sixty days from time of sowing seed. Seed can be sown la drills and cultivated. The Garden. In selecting a garden choose a dark r-oft sidl with full access of sunshine nnd good drainage. Lay It off sensibly "d prepare the ground thoroughly. Make your rows straight, and d vn't plant too scon. I'se papers or brush to protect young plants. Keep tlio SJil soft and free from grass or weeds. A Crcat Blessing. So above all thing remember 'itat the cowpea crop is a great blessing. It provides pasturage to get cattlu la good shape to stand the winter. Im proves land, makes valuable hay, and Is profitable as a seed crop. N'othlm; else can equal it and nothing else ro quires such little labor, or will grow on itich poor land. Keep Calves Clean and Dry. It must be remembered thnt calves are easy victims to parasites and dis eases, and as such organisms thrive In moist, dirty and dark places, we fc It Is necessary to furnish the calvtt with comfortable, dry and airy quar ters. To Cure the Gaps. Catch the chlckenB and put a few drops of turpentine down their throau with a feather and it will cure tbem. Poultry Growers Want Information. At a meeting of the East Tennessco Poultry association a committee was Instructed by the association to take tlu question up with the commissioner of agriculture, also with the general assembly, asking that the state secur statistics on the poultry Industry of the state. ! When a Hone Cats Dirt. When your horse eats dirt It Is t sign of Indigestion. He needs tnnug of food and 8 tonic. Glva him om brio, turaipi ai cxots. . . ... I " x p- " - J , .