MACON, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, AUGUST 21, 1907.
Devoted to the Atrrlrultural, Commercial
unci Industrial levi'ln,mt-lit of lb Slitii'H
Inoumitarnb;. Kesuurres- OfPdsl Orion of
Department of Agriculture and Commaroe.
I BT H. E. BLAKKKI.F.R Jr-i.n
An Illinois farmer in a recent letter
to the Clarksdale Register, threw out'
vmie bints and introduced mutter that
seems to ho well worth investigation.
The subject of drainage in the Delta is
an important one, aa well an oilier sec
tions of the State, anil the letter is
reproduced here tit it may be gener
ally rend and conxlilered:
"Knrly in the year I wrote you a let
ter, in which t stated some conclusions
of my own with reference to the Delta
and the possibilities of the. Helta, and
Ihc future of your wonderful section
have been more impressed on n.e by a
recent trip through, (ieorgin.
"Georgia is booming. The farmer
there is in almost as good a fix, taking
him as a class, as the fanner in Illi
nois, lie is farming on a paying basis
and is paying cash for what he buys.
(!ood drainage, cow peas and deep plow
ing are making of him an independent
man. And Georgia is raising more cot
ton than Mississippi. Furthermore, she
will increase the gap the next year, and
the year after, and she will keep on
Increasing the pap until Mississippi
wakes up and follows suit.
"Now, it seemed very strange to me
that a country like Georgia, with its
steep hills, poor soil, gullies and large
tracts of vacant land, could make money
out of farming and support large and
prowlng cities nnd towns while the Del
ta, the most valuable tract of cotton
growing land on earth, Egypt alone ex
cepted, should ho in debt and stay in
debt, with no prospects of petting out
of debt. Tt insults a man's common
sense. It is an absurd proposition. Why
la it so?
"To begin with: In Georgia I hey do
not cultivate land at a loss every year.
In the Delta they do. If there is no
profit in Georgia in cultivating n hill
top or wet land it is not cultivated. In
the Delta the people cultivate year by
year and at a loss each year, wet land
which cannot be profitably farmed. This
Is a serious proposition. Much more
serious than most of your people imag
ine. To give you nn illustration: A
Southern friend of mine in one of your
lower Delta counties had on his planta
tion a wet flat, which was farmed by
a tenant who bore an excellent reputa
tion as a good, hardworking farmer.
This man had a large family, in which
here were thr,e big boys, and together
they worked 75 acres of land. In three
rears this family rolled up a debt of
$Sf)0. The land could not be farmed at
profit, and it was not possible for the
planter to derive any profit from it.
At my suggestion my friend put a
string of tile under his land with two
laterals. Results: The first year that
family paid their current account and
rut $r.(i2 of that debt.
"There is one feature of drainage that
most of the planters do not scein to
frrasp. I mean the enormous economy
of it. Replanting, for Instance, is hard
ly ever necessary on tile-drained land.
And the drainage saves many extra
plowing. It enables the planter to lay
ny his crop sooner; it. makes the use
of day hands less necessary for helping
out a tenant who is behind with his
plowing on account of wet land. It en
ables the planter to plan his work in
advance without having his plans dis
arranged. It enables the tenant to pul
verise his land sooner nnd get it in a
eondltion to stand a drouth. Tt makes
the work easier on mules nnd on tenants!
It does away with one of the great
sources of loss to a plantation, the bare,
wet, waUrkiJled spots where the hard
est, work is done and the least profit
derived. It keeps the plant growing and
thus hastens and lengthens the fruit
bearing season. And tile makes farm
work easier, more profitable, more cer
tain, more healthy nnd more pleasant.
It brings more certainty of result into
the planter's life anil enables him to es
cape tho terrible uncertainty of an agri
cultural occupation. It enables him to
know what he can count on and what
lie can afford. Tt gives him more leis
ure nnd less worry.
"I saw an amusing example of what
tile would do for a piece of land in the
The writer is in receipt of rommuni
rations from several counties asking for
time nith the view of working up an
Intcrevt favorable to better roads, and
the prospects for several campaigns is
very flattering indeed. The people of
Mississippi are awakening to the neces
sity for better roads nnd that the cost
is not at all exorbitant when properly
handled. When they begin to investi
gate there can be little doubt that some
thing good will be the outcome. It is
first necessary to bring them to the
realization , that our roads are bad,
which has already been effectually done.
After this comes the presentation of ex
periences of other places that have made
their roads better nt a small cost. Ac
tual experience is a mighty good argu
ment for anything new and should be
used liberally. One-third of the coun
ties in Mississippi work already by the
contract system, and after the usual
period of lax supervision and the at
tendant complaints by those who pay
the tax, the plan is proving highly sat
isfactory for the amount of money
spent. Some counties have gone even
further than this. While at least R0
per cent, of the roads in Mississippi can
Vie made fairly good with the dirt on
which they rim, there are, of course,
exceptions to this rule. Some counties
have expended as. much as $:,n00 per
mile on exceptionally bad miles. A
chain is no stronger than its weakest
link, and the same can be said of a
The writer, who is commissioner of
Agriculture and Commerce, would like
to hear from any community in the
State that is at nil interested in the
putting up of cane syrup fur the mar
ket. A nice start was made at the
business last fall and it is desired to
interest more people during the pres
ent season. Write him if you are in
terested. Hog and hominy is the best diversi
fication for Mississippi people, and one
that is growing popular faster than any
It has been frequently suggested, and
the suggestion is not without merit, that
every farmer place his name and the
name of hit farm on the roadgate in
front of the house. Not only would per
rons driving to a place find it more
easily, but it would add much pleasure
and interest to people driing from
place to place. This last result would
have special Effect with regard to
well-kept and pretty houses. An ob-...i.-.t,
5M .clrfrMTi tvi.s n bean-
jfoiful farm without desiring to know who
? HI enterprising owner, urine pu-
v not a majority oi our iiii
d do this; It would he veil for tlioss
poitioa to trj it.
Delta which a.ljolned a pteee that WM
not drained, 'the friend wlm I mew
tinned above put in his first string af
tile several years ago. His land wat
of the ru ne kind as that of his neigh
bor across the fence, and they each had
about the same sized tracts which were
wet. The first year was a very line one
for cotton, and there was only a slight
difference in the amount each tract
yielded. The neighbor, of course, teased
my friend about sinking bis good money
in tile. The next year was wet and
after a strong fight the neighlior arrcni
the fence was compelled to abandon hij
land to the weeds. My friend's lanu
produced about three-eighths of a bale
to the acre. The next year my friend
completed his system by adding two
more strings of four-inch tile, and since
that time he has raised fine crops ev
ery year. The comparison is really
amusing, for the neighbor across the
fence will not put in tile. The case now
stands something like this: Tract No. 1
(my friend's land) has alrout 57 acres.
During seven years it has produced 175
hales of cotton, although it has been In
corn and pens three years out of the
seven. On Tract No. 2 during the same
period his neighbor across the ffnre has
gotten 118 bales of cotton and no corn
and peas. If he keeps on farming that
land without tile, how much w11 he loie
on it in the next ten years f
"Now, there is much food for reflec
tion in this incident. Suppose your
county has 15,000 acres of wet land
which is farmed every year at a loss,
and suppose that land should be tile
drained and made to yield this profit of
$8 per yenr per acre? The difference
in your prosperity would be the differ
ence between $120,000 gained and the
l-ord only knows how much lost. The
moral of all this Is that so soon as
prosperity comes again in the Delta, as
it did in 1904, when your people went
wild over buying land and laid the foun
dation for years and years of debt and
blasted hopes, laid the shadow of the
mortgage over half your plantations,
crippled your public works, took boys
and girls out of schools, checked the
growth of your towns nnd ended the
improvement of your lands just so
soon as prosperity comes ngain let your
planters begin to tile their lands. Then,
Mr. Kditor, you will show to the world
what the Delta really is; a kingdom
in itself; a country where there Is less
waste land than anv other country I
know of and the most vnluahlo tract of
cotton land on tho Western Hemisphere.
When Coahoma county is tiled it will
be demonstrated that it will not take
three, but a dor.en oil mills to handle
the cotton seed produced; that Clarks
dale will ship not 40,000 hales of cot
ton, hut four times 40,000. Clnrksdalo
will be the financial center of the Del
ta; railroads will be built, even if they
have to be built with home capital, and
a flood of energetic, ambitious people
will flock to Clarksdale and your coun
ty. There is money t be made there,
and unlimited opportunities for he who
"Georgia is already pointing the way,
and all things considered, the Delta has
every natural advantage over Georgia
in the production of crops. Your future
is wholly agricultural. You have no
chnncc to become a great manufacturing
country and you do not need it. When
your country begins to grow from five
to eight, millions of dollars worth of
agricultural products there will be 'a
powerful lot' of money floating loose
around Clarksdale, and somebody is go
ing to make a fortune. As matters now
stand you are hanging on to the 'ragged
edge of ruin,' and will continue to hang
there indefinitely, until you realize that
to farm in a country of heavy rains and
long drouths you must adopt some sys
tem which will s,ave you from the rains,
tide you over the drouths, and that tile,
more than anything else that man has
been able to discover, will bring about
There is undoubtedly a great deal in
what this Illinois mac says with refer
ence to drainage in tho rvitn. The good
people of that section are fast awaken
nig to a realization of the necessity of
doing something to drain their land, as
has been evidenced by the formation of
a number of drainage districts. Also, a
number of the farms nre already tile
drained or in the course of completing
a system. The late Senator George
wisely provided for this in his will, and
the scheme is lieing carried out from
year to year. The Delta will be drained
and, as the gentleman says, it will be
by far the ridiest sect ion 'of the West
road. Twenty miles of good road can
be spoiled by half a mile of laid road.
Then if it costs considerable to fix the
half mile it is better that it bo done.
Consider the matter of bettering our
roail conditions, investigate the methods
of building roads, talk to your neigh
bors about it ami in the end do some'
(?. f. Falconer of Shubiita, In a com
munication to the Southern Farm Ga
zette on good roads, suggests that the
writer is the man to start a good roads
movement in the State. Ho says: "Es
tablish a 'good roads' column as a perma
nent feature of your excellent paper. Let
the first one, for instance, be from Hon.
II. K. niakeslee, State Commissioner of
Comr.crce and Agriculture, outlining
the work. Then right off the reel com
mence hammering good Mads into your
subscribers and maintain a ceaseless
anxiety to secure results, which can
only be obtained by eo-opcrat ion. In my
humble opinion it is the crux of the
State's future agricultural growth. Good
roads mean better horses and vehicles,
better schools, better religions advan
tages, etc." The writer has devoted col
umns to this same subject, and has as
sisted in organizing several counties on
the road proposition. He is willing and
anxious to join any movement that will
tend to improve road conditions in Mis
sissippi. Let others be heard from.
Alcorn county will not have a fair
this year for the purpose of displaying
her splendid resources, but there will be
a colt nnd stock show as a beginning nt
a central point in the county. Premiums
have been offered, and it is expected
that a good allowing will be made for
Alcorn in' the stock raising line. Next
year there should be organized a regular
county fair, to be held at Corinth. No
investment that could be made by .no
people of the county would prove bet
ter. Lawrence county will vote this week
on the proposition to work the roade
by contract. It ia a good plan to sub
mit these important mattera to the
people and Lawrence county ia in the
right line. Do something with' tho pub
lic roads that will tend to improve them.
It ia better to do with less than you
enn " thar. to wa.'t more than yoa
He learns a wire lesson who learnf
that a willingness to lose with the rijh
is the only I'ire war to gain.
M I. I I'll II 111 1
- - -
Timber Wasting Away.
According to prominent lumber man
ufacturers who own lands in and adja
cent to the path of the equinoctial storm
of last September, not more than 20 per
cent of the timber felled during the
storm has been saved, and the re
mainder is now being eaten up by the
worms. This means a loss of large
proportions, it being estimated that
fully 14,000,000 worth of timber was
felled by the winds. ' The lumbermen
who could possibly do so had the fallen
trees transported to mill ponds, but
they were unable to get sufficient labor
to complete the task along the entire
course of the storm, and destruction has
been the consequence. The worms
have been busily engaged throughout
the summer, and the loss is practically
The work of raising funds in several
counties of the State to be used in
erecting monuments to the Confederate
dead is making steady progress. The
board of supervisors of Hinds county
appropriated 43,000 for a monument to
be erected at Raymond.
At Yazoo City the Daughters of the
Confederacy have selected a very orig
inal and attractive design. The monu
ment will bear tiro figures in bronze, a
Southern mother presenting nor son to
the Confederate cause. This monu
ment will probably bs dedicated during
the United Daughters of the Confeder
acy convention a Yazoo City next May.
Mrs. Daisy McLaurin Stevens, presi
dent of the State chapter, is In corre
spondence with several local chapters
urging thorn to launcr. movements for
monuments, and it is likely that her
work will bear good fruit.
Big- Camp Meeting1.
Three thousand people attended the
camp meeting at Felder's camp ground,
ten miles northeast of McComb. Camp
meetings have been held there for more
than a quarter of a century. It was
established by old "Uncle Johnny"
Felder, who settled thero more than
fifty years ago, and there are today
living within a radius of a few miles
more than 300 of his descendants.
Trial of Cotton Oil Companies,
The cases against cotton oil compa
nies organized In Attala, Holmes and
Hinds counties for alleged violation of
the State anti-trust laws are all set for
the first Monday in September, and it
is a problem as to how the attorney
general can try the three cases. There
is no contingent fund at his disposal,
and as these are civil and not criminal
trials, the district attorneys cannot be
called upon to undertake their manage
ment. Confederate Pensions.
State Auditor Henry reports that he
is receiving a large number of applica
tions for Confederate pension blanks in
addition to those already sent out, and
he expects that the next distribution
this fall will bo heavier than usual.
Mr. Henry hopes to got in the neces
sary data as early us possible, so that
the distribution of the pensioners' al
lowances will be in time for their holi
day and winter needs.
Southern Female College.
A party of prominent and practical
educators have purchased the buildings
and grounds of the Southern Female
College at West Point and will open
school there Sept. 25. Dr. E. W. Do
ran, who will act as president of the
institution, is a man of wide experience
and holds degrees from four universi
ties. Court Pretermitted
At the request of a number of mem
bers of tho district bar, .fudge Nlles
pretermitted the term of the United
States court for tho lower division of
tho Southern district of Mississippi,
vahioh was to have convened at Biloxi
on Ui6 third Monday of this month.
Kick on Peddlers.
In a number of the principal towns
of the State the merchants are waging
a war on the'large colonies of Assyrian
peddlers who ire vending their wares
from door to door, and making heavy
Inroads on the business of local trades
men. . Child Burned to Death.
Mary F.theridge, aged 6 years, ol
White Sand, built a fire to play cook
ing, and had a can of kerosene near by.
She upset tile can and an explosion fol
lowed, tho child being burned to a
crisp. Her mother was absent.
Ground to Pieces.
At Enterprise C. Y. Wall, who triet,
to replace a belt on a wheel to a saw
mill was drawn into the wheel and
ground to pieces,
Decision Against Whisky.
The case of the whisky men of Jef
ferson county contesting the legality of
the local option election in which the
county was votes) dry, waB decided
against the plaintiffs by Judge Wilkin
son of the circuit court.
Petitions for Pardons.
From now until the close of his ad
ministration, a period of only five
months, the governor will be deluged
with pardon petitions, and it is expect
ed that there will be a decided increase
in the number of petitions granted.
Will Not Ask Another Term.
Hon. John Sharp Williams announces
that although his term as United
States senator will not begin until
March 4, 1011, he will not ask for re
election to congress at the expiration of
his present term. '
Judge H. C. Niles granted an injunc
tion reaUtuiiiu tiiO. CuiubotUlii Tc'.e-.
phone and Telegraph Company from
erecting poles and wires along the
lines of the Illinois Central and Y.izoo
am Mississippi Valley railroads.
WILL HC BUST
ROAD GETS BENEFIT
ATTORNEY GENERAL NOT DIS
POSED TO SPLIT HAIRS.
WILL HOLD CONFERENCE TODAY
Bonaparte Will Examine Alton's Tes
timony in Chicago Oil Re
Washington, D. C An important
conference will be held at the de
partment of justice Monday between
Attorney General Bonaparte and Spe
cial Attorney Morrison, United States
District Attorney Sims, of Chicago,
and Assistant Attorney Wllkerson, re
garding the promise of Immunity from
prosecution given to E. H. Harriman
and the Chicago & Alton for granting
rebates to the Standard Oil company.
This promise of immunity is sup
posed to have been authorized by At
torney General Moody, and was given
by Morrison when he was United
States attorney at Chicago, as a result
of an agreement of the Alton off.clals
to turn state's evidence against the
Standard Oil company.
Judge Landis, after Imposing the
fine of $20,240,000 on the Standard Oil
company, directed District Attorney
Sims to submit the case of the Chi
cago & Alton of allowing rebates to
the Standard Oil company to a spe
cial grand jury and to secure Indict
ments if possible. Tho attorneys for
the Alton then appealed to Attorney
General Bonaparte against the deci
sion of Landis, and called attention to
the promise of the immunity nnd t'
agreement to furnish testimony
against the Standard.
The attorney general was greatly
embarrassed by this situation, and de
clared he knew nothing about. It. He
then summoned all the officials con
cerned in the transaction for the pur
pose of sifting the matter to the bot
Attorneys In Washington.
Special Attorney Morrison, District
Attorney Sims and Assistant Attorney
Wllkerson reachfd here Sunday night.
District Attorney Sims brought with
him from Chicago the court record in
the Standard Oil rebate cases, so that
the attorney general may determine to
Just what extent the Chicago & Alton
should receive immunity from prosecu
tion. Immunity was promised the
road on condition that Its officials
freely and fully testified to the part
It played in violating the Elklns law.
An examination of the testimony
will be necessary to ascertain whether
they gave their evidence without re
serve and played with absolute fair
ness with the goevnimont. It is not
tho Intention of the attorney general
to split hairs In tho matter, and in
view of the fact, that it was through
their evldenco that the Standnrd Oil
company was convicted, he will be dis
posed to give them the benefit of any
The department of Justice will de
cline to proceed against the Chicago
& Alton if Its present understanding of
the situation is correct, even though
the federal grand Jury, under Judge
Landis' instructions, returns indict
ments against the road or its officials.
After examining the record In the case
th attorney general w ill send another
letter to Judge Landis, In which he
will give his final opinion on the ques
tion of Immunity.
Watch Ships In Battle Practice.
Washington, D. C Admiral Brown
Bon, chleC of tho navigation bu
BnBflteher, ' Sah i ikW at rw
her of naval and army officers to make
their homos aboard the big battleships
of the Atlantic fleet for the two weeks
beginning August 25, to observe per
sonally the workings of a naval fleet
In full battle practice.
Body Found In Lake.
Warsaw, Ind. With a fifteen-pound
stone tied about his neck with
handkerchief, Conrad Nued, aged 35,
of Anderson, was found floating in
Eagle !ak3 at Winona. The body had
the appearance of having been in the
Czar Returns From Swlnemunde.
St. Petersburg, Russia. Emperor
Nicholas reached Peterhof, returning
from his trip on the Imperial yacht to
Swlnemunde, where he was in confer
ence with Emperor William of Oer
many. ' 1
Hid $4,500 In His Suit Case.
Oldtown, Maine Having In his
possession a new suit case stuffed
with $10 gold certificates and treasury
aotes amounting to $4,700, WInfleld
Marson, aged 16, was arrested on the
charge of stealing $5,000 from the
Cblcopee (Mass.) National bank, In
which he bad been employed.
New' Mexico Secretary Named."'
Washington, D. C Natha Jaffa,
of Roswel!, N. M., was appointed secre
tary of Now Mexico, to succeed Secre-
tary Fynolds, resigned.
COMB DEFLECTS BULLET.
Chicago Girl Survives Tragedy In
Which Two Were Killed.
Chicago, 111. That pretty Sal
vlna Awald Is alive today as the only
witness to a tragedy in which she '-as
shot and two others were killed Is due
only to a heavy comb which she wore
In the back of her hair.
One of the two bullets fired by Mich
ael DeTraln, after he had Instantly
killed Salvina Iluttman, who rejected
his offer of marriage, hit the comb,
glanced off and tore the young worn
an's scalp. She will recover. If the
course of the bullet had not been
changed she would now be dead, phy
The shooting occurred on a street
corner In Melrose Park, a suburb. e
termined to kill Miss Iluttman and
then to commit suicide, DeTrain met
the young woman by appointment. Shu
was accompanied by her cousin, Sal
vina Awald. When the latter saw the
revolver she tried to grasp it. De
Train Jerked It from her and fired one
shot at Miss Buttman. She dropped
dead. Then he fired the shot that
nearly cost the life of Miss Awald. A
moment later he killed himself.
Illinoisan Falls to Death.
Marion, III. Guilford Batts, check
weighman at the West mines near
Johnson City, this county, met a
horrible death by falling from the tip
house through the shaft and to tho
bottom, a distance of 300 feet. When
picked up the man was dead, almost
every hone In nis body being broken by
the fall. The man lived in Johnston
City and was 30 years of age.
Fires House After Quarrel.
Kenosha, Wis. Fred Wadman,
20 years old, was arrested here
charged with setting fire to a building
on the seoond floor of which Mrs. Lou
ise Publman, with whom he had a
quarrel, was sleeping. It Is alleged
that the man planned to burn the wom
an alive. He refused to make any
Hiram P. Bell Dead.
Atlanta, Ga. Col. Hiram Parks
Bell, one of the best known men
in Georgia, last surviving member cf
the Second Confederate congress, tot
four years a member of the United
StuteB congress, and a presldeatlal
elector, died at the home of his son,
George I. Ilell, at Inman Park.
$5,000,000 to Give Away. .
Webster Cltv. la. Abraham Shim
mer, Iowa's noted philanthropist, who
is said to still have $5,000,000, Is de
voting all his time now to traveling
over the slate and giving money to the
needy. He says he will spend the rest
of his fortune in this way if his life
is spared long enough.
Miss Zela Gibbs Dead.
Newport, R. I. Miss Zela. Gibbs,
daughter of the late Senator
Gibbs, of South Carolina, a sister of
the late Mrs. John Jacob Astor, and
aunt of William Waldorf Asfor, died
at her home here. She was 75 years
old and well known in New York and
Explosion Burns Launch.
Norfolk, Va. An explosion of
gasoline, followed by fire, cost the
life of Miss Cora Midgott and the losj
of the pleasure launch Edna May near
here FrHay night. Miss Mldgett
Jumped into tho water and oon after
the launch took fire. The rest of tho
passengers and crew were rescued by
a negro In a sailboat.
Husband Leaves; Woman Kills Self.
Tulsa, I. T. Annie Miller, aged
19, whose young husband left her
a few hours before, committed suicide.
She swallowed a large dose of strych
nine. Her relatives reside at Afton,
Lynched a Negro.
Memphis, Tenn. Constable Burma
of Tiptonvllle, Tenn., was overpowered
hv a mob at Maple, Ky., and his
prisoner. Will Clifford, ' a negro SO
years old, was taken from him, car
ried to within one mile of Clifton anl
hanged Thursday night.
Man Kills Sitter.
Philadelphia, Pa. Because she re
fused to '.end him money, Agnes Do-
gan, aged 38 years, was shot and killed
her brother John, a railroad flag
man. Indiana Politician Sued for $10,000.
Indianapolis, Ind. Clarence Beard
a prominent republican politician and
reputed to be worth $400,000. is the
defendant In a suit for $10,000 on the
charge of alienating the affections of
Ms. Heatherlngton. The husbanf
brings the suit.
Want Fair Open on Sundays. .
' NorrolK, va. A plan to open
the Jamestown exposition on Sun
days has been tubwltted by Di
rector General Barr to, Secretary of th
COUNT WEDS CLERK
NOBLEMAN PASSES UP WEALTH
TO MARRY HIS LOVE.
EXCLUSIVE SET IS ASTONISHED
Rich Young Women Chagrined Over
Failure to Capture Bearer of
an Old Title.
Philadelphia, Pa. Dainty cards
hearing the coat of arms and crest of
the de Ferrl family have been Issued
by Count Ieopold J. de Ferrl announ
cing his engagement to Miss Rita
Jaichner, a young bookkeper of Phila
delphia, to whom he has been engaged
The announcement may be called i
shock to certain young wonwn of the
exclusive set here, who have been ex
ercising all their arts in the effort to
land the count. Several are reported
to be deeply chagrined over their fail
ure, with all their wealth and position,
to fulfill their desire to capture a title.
Count Ferrl lives in New Orleans
and Is wealthy. He met Miss Jalcn
ncr at a Foclal gathering three years
ago, loved her and won her consent fo
be his wife. Her mother objected to
a marriage until she reached her ma
jority, but when that was attaiited on
August 5 the nobleman claimed his
sweetheart. The announcement fol
lowed. The bride-to-be Is the daughter of
the late John Jaichner, once the head
of a great cork manufactory in Eu
rope, but who became bankrupt and
came to America twelve years ago. He
died, and his daughter obtained a po
sition as bookkeeper to make her own
living. She was born In Paris.
The eoun is a chevalier of thr
Honor of the Sovereign, and his family
has been noble for centuries, first in
Italy, and later In Austria, he says.
Baltimore Has $50,000 Fire.
Baltimore, Md. Fire broke out
In the double five-story warehouse
In West Baltimore street occupied
jointly by X. B. Lafe & Co., mattings
and rugs, and the Orotjan-LoBe com
pany, auctioneers of woolens, clothing
and shoe i. Prompt work stopped the
threatening conflagration. The dam
age is estimated at $50,000.
St. Patrick Jewels Not Found.
London The Irish secretary, Mr.
Birrell, was question In the house of
commons regarding the reported re
covery of the Jewels of the Order of
St. Patrick, stolen last month from
the strong room of Dublin castle. He
said they had not been traced or re
deemed fr 3m a pawnbroker, as current
Huntingtons May Die.
Versailles, France An unexpect
ed change for the worse has oc
curred In the condition of the tbre
children of the late Maj. Henry Hunt
ington, a distinguished American, who
were shot at the bedside of their dying
father by their brother Henry. It is
feared all will die.
Woman Fined $5 for Kissing Man
Pittsburg. Pa. Because she kissed a
man who "looked just too cute," Mrs.
M. Kierney. aged 30, black-eyed, rosy
and dimpled. ws fined $3 and costs
by Mayor Coleman of McKeesport
Mrs. Kierney blushingly paid tho fine
and promised it would not happen
Cumberland Steel Plant Burns.
Cumberland, Md. The plant of
the Cumberland Steel company was
totally destroyed by fire. The
loss is estimated at $3."0,iM)0. The
plant produced accurate steel cast
ings, and Is said to have been the only
one of the sort In the world.
Three Charged With Slaying.
Omaha. Neb. A complaint charging
Charles Pumphroy, Basil IvTullen and
Willis Almack with killing Han Pak,
a Chinese restaurant keeper, was filed
In the district court. Almack was ar
rested In St. Louis, where he went
Wheat Growers Want Harvesters.
St. Paul, Minn. The Great North
ern Railway Co. anounces that the
farmers along Its lines are in urgent
aed of 10 000 men to harvest tho
wheat crop In North Dakota. They
are willing to pay wages overaglng $2
False Rumor Has Cleveland III.
Princeton, N. J. Rumors tfiat ex
President Grover Cleveland Is ill at
his home at -this plare are untrue,
according to his physicians. Mr.
Cleveland went driving in the after
noon and apparently was as well a
Cruiser Off to Guard Seals.
Washington, D. C The departure
Of the naval transport Buffalo
from Puget sound for the Pribylof
Islands Is reported In a dispatch to the
nnvy depaitment. The Buffalo Is to
assist the revenue cutters in patrolins
the sealing waters.
Packet Company to Carry Passengers.
Berlin, Germany. The Hamburg
American Steam Packet company In
formed the Associated Press that it
Intends to add a passenger service to
its present freight line to Boston,
Baby Drowns In Jar.
Norrls City, 111. The two-year-old
child r.f Mr. and Mrs. Will Rlster,
living south of here, fell into a ten
gallon jar of water and was drowned.
The accident occurred during the ab
sence of its rarents.
8lster to Younger Brothers Dies. ,
Kansas City, Mo Mrs. Frank
Leach, sister of Cole, Jim and
Bob Younger, former members of the
famous James gang of bandits, died
here as the result of Injuries received
In a street car accident In this city
last Friday. She was 54 Vaars old.
Rob Mill Sack of Gold Duet, '
Fatrbansk, Alaska The robbery o'
69 pounds of gold dust, valued at
$12,000, from a registered mall sack,
between Eagle, and Rampau, is re
ported. There Is no clew to the thief.
BIG NEWSPRINT DEAL.
Said That Northern Mills Are Merging
With $30,000,000 Capital.
Appleton. Wis. A print paper
merger affecting the mills of
Wisconsin, Michigan and Jiflnneaota
and representing a capitalization of
$30,000,000 is about to be closed by
John G. lianrahan of New York, ac
cording io present Indications. The
deal means the uniting of all print
paper, manlla fiber and ground wood
pulp mills in the states mentioned.
Who Hanrahan represents has not
yet been disclosed, but it Is said that
eastern capital will finance the merger.
Hanrahan has secured options on up
wards of 2r mills, which have a da!ly
capacity of S00 tons of paper.
If this combination is formed no one
can tell what effect M will have on
the price of blank paper, such is used
on the dully and weekly newpapers.
It may advance the price already
scheduled by the manufacturers, and
again it may not. Blank news print
has already reached the apparent high
water mark, yet advances have been
coming regularly since January 1.
Many well-posted paper men predict
that blank news print will sell in vm
open market within the very near fu
ture at 4 cents per pound, carload
lots. This will mean that small users
of blank news will be hard hit. Xo
one is able at present to make a
contract, except on a sliding scale,
Manufacturers claim that advances ia
price of blank paper have been caused,
and are being caused, by the Increased
cost of wood pulp, which is becoming
extinct In the United States, and is
now largely imported from Canada. Of
course, imported wood pulp must pay
a tax to the government.
SASSAMAN CASE WITH JURY.
Judge Orders Men Not to Deliberate
Warreniburg, Mo. The fate of
Robert Sassaman, of St. Louis,
who has been on trial for a week
charged with killing Carl Miller, Is in
the hands of the jury. Attorneys com
pleted their arguments at 6:30 o'clock
Friday night and the case was Imme
diately given to the jury. The twelve
men were taken to supper at 7:30, and
when they had not reachd a verdict at
9:15 Judge Bradley ordered them not
to deliberate any more at night.
The Jury is at Its boarding house In
custody of Sheriff Hudson and Deputj
Prosecuting Attorney Ewing Cook
rell opened the arguments for the
ftate Friday morning, and he was fol
lowed by Attorneys J. K. TffUle and
A. B. Logan for the defense. Cockrel!
closed for the state.
Jamestown Records Broken.
Jameston, Va. Attendance records
at the Jamestown exposition were bro
ken Friday, when more than forty
thousand persons passed I nto the
grounds. Yesterday was North Caro
lina day. Governor W. B. Glenn re
ceived a remarkable ovation and was
the central figure in the day's ceremo
Souvenir Post Cards Aid Capture,
Middleman, N. Y. Louis C. Bath
an Insane patient who escaped
from tho state hospital here on
July 31, has been caught at Dobbs Fer
ry. Bath's capture is chiefly due to
the fact that he mailed souvenir post
cards to the hospital officials from
Abstinence Unron Begins Session,
Cleveland, Ohio. The thirty-sev
nth annual session of the Catholic
Total Abstinence I'nlon of America
'onvene.i here. The opening services
consisted of a solemn pontifical mass
at the cathedral. This was followed
by the geueral sessions of the conven
Dies in Scalding Batn.
Zanesville, Ohh James X. Ellis, un
married, committed suicide here. He
filled a bath tub with boiling water
and then deliberately plunged head
first Into it. Whom found a rosary was
firmly clasped in his lifeless hand. He
came here from Ireland a year ago.
Turks to Respect Missions.
Constantinople Ambassador Leisfc
man has .eceived ascscurances from
the porte that American mis
sionaries at Vrumiah, Persia, ar lu
no danger, so far as the Turks, who
recently crossed the frontier near Uru
miah, are concerned.
Torch Causes Fatal Explosion.
Pittsburg, fs three men wera
burned, two it Is thought fatally, by
an explosion of a gasoline engine a
Vandegrift, Pa. They were repairing
the engine when the gasoline was lg
nlted by a torch.
Powder House Wrecked.
Birmingham, Ala. An explosion
wrecked the glazing house of
the Jeff ei son powder mills at this
place. The explosion was caused by
the powder becoming hot while being
Virginia Town Burning.
Norfolk. Va. A dlsnatch received
here from Princess Anne, Somerset
county, Maryland, says that town Is
on fire and threatened with destruc
tion. The fire was started by In
cendiaries as a result of recent raw
Edward In Germany.
Berlin King Edward of England
arrived at Wilhslmshohe at o'clock
Tuesday rornlng. He will leave thli
evening for Ischl, Austria, where he
will meet Emperor Francis Joseph.
Pennine Case Near Jury's Hands.
Raleigh, N. C Evidence is closed
In the peonage case against E. A.
Kline In the United States court at
Beafort. Former Governor Jarvis
opened the argument for the govern
- Merrv Del Val Attacked.
Castle Oandolfe. Italy As Cardinal
Merry del Val, the papal secretary
of state, was on his way here he
was surrounded as be was passing
through Marino oy an antw.iorical
mob and insulted and assaulted.
TEN YEARS OP PAIN.
Unable to Do Even Housework Be
cause of Kidney Troubles.
Mrs. Margaret Emmerich, of Clin
ton St., Napoleon, O., says: "For
(fteen years I was a great sufferer
from kidney trou
bles. My back pained
me terribly. Every
V turn or move caused
pains. My eyesight
was noor. dark snots
f anoeared before me,
and I had dizzy
spells. For ten years
I could not do housework, and for two
years did not get out of the house.
The kidney secretions were Irregular,
and doctors were not helping me.
Doan's Kidney Pills brought me quick
relief, and finally cured me. They
saved my life."
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
AFFLICTED ONLY AT TIMES.
Good Reason for Capt Bascomb's In
When Capt. Bascomb had left his
old friend, Capt. Somers, and the new
school teacher sitting on the south
porch, and had disappeared down the
road, the young woman spoke of him
with some curiosity.
I understand from Mrs. Bateomb
that her husband was very deaf, 'al
most stone-deaf,' she told me, I'm
sure," said the school teacher. "But
be seemed to hear all we said with
Capt. Somers leaned toward her
and spoke in a low, cautious tone, al
though there was no eavesdropper to
Don't let Mis' Bascomb know It,"
he said, hurriedly. "He docs seem
to hear pretty well when Bhe ain't
round, but none of us folks ever let
on to her. She's a good woman as
ever lived, but a most tremendous
bosser and an everlastln' talker. An'
we all think that Gersh Bascomb be
gun to realize ten years ago that It
he didn't want to be harried right off'n
the face o' the earth, the thing for
him to do was to grow deef, gradual,
but steady an' he's done It, to all
Intents an' purposes, ma'am'."
Used Ink for Bluing.
'One can never be too careful about
apparently harmless articles setting
about the house," said a housewife tho
other day. "Not long ago my husband
brought home one of those big tall bot
tles of Ink from the office. It had got
to be such a nuisance buying one of
the small five-cent bottles every time
we ran out of ink, that he said he
would bring home a supply.
"About a week after that I got a
new maid, and when she did the wash
ing she took the big bottle of ink for
bluing. Of course every stitch of our
white clothes in the washing was
Her Secret Sorrow.
"That woman over there has some
hidden sorrow," declared tho sym
pathetic one, as she came in and took
her seat at a table not far away. "I
have often noticed her. See. Her
companion orders everything she
could possibly want, and yet she sits
there silent with a face like a mask.
I am awfully sorry for her."
"Don't you worry," advised her pes
simistic friend. "That's her husband
with her. She's bored, that's all."
A Country Marvel.
The little fresh air boy was com
fortably quartered in a farm house
iear the salt water for his summer's
Juting. The first day he strolled down
he road to the marshes and he stared
n astonishment at the cat-tails grow
ng there. Then turning around to a
native of the place who was accom
panying him he said: "Gosh; 1 didn't
tnow that sausages grow on sticks."
The Reason Why.
"How did you come here?" said one
Mexican bull to an old acquaintance,
as they met in the arena.
'How?" replied the other, with a
glance around. "I may say I was
A Body Balance
People hesitate at the statement tnat
the famous food. Grape-Nuts, yields as
much nourishment from one pound as
can be absorbed by thi system from
ten pounds of meat, bread, wheat or
oats. Ten pounds of meat might con
tain more nourishment than one pound
of Grape-Nuts, but not in shape that
the system will absorb as large a pro
portion of, as the body can take up
from one pound of Grape-Nuts.
This food contains the selected parts
of wheat and barley which are pre
pared and by natural means predl
gest'ed, transformed Into a form of
sugar, ready for immediate assimila
tion. Teople in all parts of the world
testify to the value of Grape-Nuts.
A Mo. man says: "I have gained ten
pounds on Grape-Nuts food. I can
truly recommend it to thin people."
He had been eating meat, bread, etc.,
right along, but there was no ten
pounds of added flesh until Grape-Nuts
food was used.
One curious feature regarding true
health food is that its use will reduce
the weight of a corpulent person with
unhealthy flesh, and will add to the
weight of a thin person not properly
nourished. Thero Is abundance ot
evidence to prove this.
Grape-Nuts balances the body In a
condition of true health. Scientific se
lection bf food elements makes Grape
Nuts good and valuable. Its delicious
flavor and powerful nourusui piut
ertles have made friends that in
turn have made Grape-Nut famous.
"There's a Reason." Read "Vo Road
to Wellville," in pk&a.
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