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Hip JiL.il. II A BIAGOif . i ... 62d YEAR MACON, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1910. N.UMPER7. THE BOLL WEEVIL IN MISSISSIPPI. MR. M. A. CROSBY, ASS'T AGRI CULTURIST In the Department of Agriculture Visits the Weevil Stricken District and Writes His Impression. Editor of The Beacarv In compliance with your res quest I will endeavor to present to the readers of the Beacon some of the facts regarding the boll wee vil damage which I picked up on a recent trip through the south western part of the state. The ob ject of this trip was to study, first hand, the conditions existing in . that weevil stricken land, apd as certain what the farmers were do ing to make a living, now thai profitable cotton growing is no longer possible there under ordi nary methods of cultivation. It is very difficult indeed, for one who has never visited a weevil infested section of country to real ize the extent of the devastation and ruin wrought by these insect pests. The weevil first came across the Mississippi river into Adams and Wilkinson counties in 1907. The next year it spread over Amite, Claiborne, Franklin and Jefferson counties. These counties will this year produce on ly from one-twentieth to one twen-ty-fifth of a normal crop. Just imagine, if you can, what the state of affairs would be here if Xc-xu-bee county's cotton crop were to be suddenly reduced to 800 or 1000 bales. You might then be able to form some idea of what the boll weevil has done for southwest . Mississippi'TEisis not a ve pleasing picture to paint for a com munity which is now dependent on cotton and practically certain to be invaded by the boll weevil with in the next two years, but never the-less it is a true one. The wee vil is just as certain to come as death and taxes, for nothing has ever been discovered to effectually check his advance. When the weevil was bringing ruin, destruction and desolation to the Louisiana plantations, the planters of southwest Mississippi scoffed at the idea that it would ever cross the Mississippi river and kept on planting cotton te the ex elusion of other crops. When it was known to have actually crossed the river the hill planters said Mr. Weevil would not bother the hill crops and in spite of all warning they kept on planting every available foot of land to cot ton. But they soon found that the weevil is no respecter of per son or locality. He is impartial and treats all alike. What has been the result! Crop failures, loss of labor, abandoned farms, and in many cases, financial ruin and loss ; of home. One gentleman in Adams county who had been planting - about 8000 acres, and realizing an annual profit of some $30,000, told me that he lost $40,000 the first year alter the weevil spread over that country. He has been losing nearly as much every year since by hoping against hope and stick ing to cotton. Had he not been a man of considerable wealth he would today be bankrupt. This is the dark and gloomy side of the boll weevil problem, but as every cloud is said to have its sil ver lining, so too, has this cloud, though to many it will appear infi nitesimal. It has been demonstrat ed in many places that by rigidly following certain well defined methods, it is possible to produce about one-half of a normal crop of cotton under boll weevil condi tions. On my recent trip I was told of pne man in Claiborne county who, by strictly following these methods, produced 75 bales from 160 acres. Without the pres ence ot tne weevil the same care and atteutiou given his crop would undoubtedly given him close to one bale to the acre. This is only one of many examples where cotton has been successfully crown in spite of the weevil. Briefly, the methods mentioned arenas follows: First,destroy all the cotton stalks early in the full. This will undoubtedly appear a foolish waste of time and labor to many but there is a reason. It has been proven that by destroying till the cotton stalks early in the fall, ei ther by burning or plowing under, and thus depriving the weevil of his fall supply of food, only a small percentage of the weevils will survive the winter. In Louis- hia, when the stalks were des troyea Dy uctooer lotn, it was found that this method resulted in the destruction of over 95 cent of the weevils. Where the stalks were not destroyed until the mid dle of December or later, over 43 per cent of the insect survived the winter. Some will contend that it will be impossible to get the cotton picked in time to destroy the stalks by the 15th of October. But to these parties let me say that when the boll weevil is once established in a community there is no cotton to pick after that date. There will be no top crop as the insects will be so thick by the early part of August that they will get every square that forms after the 15th of August. In some years they will even attack the young bolls late in the season Hello People ! People Heiioi . Only three weeks i before Xmas-r-Alkt the good, young and old v folks; re-': member this is the real KtAUsstqr.e; not Santa But we can serve, yojLi:; with durable serviceable and appror priate merchandise which will ' make,; gifts of value for the approaching' Holidays. All departments are Jtmm J full with New Goods, no mattertwhat J may be your wants we can serve you best in Dry Goods, Clothing, an3( Shoes. S&K makVardamanon the next ballot- eryrWucCou' under boll weevil con ditions are early and thorough preparation ol the land previous to planting; early planting on well drained land; early varieties; wide rows and frequent, shallow culti vation. Everything possible must be done to hasten the maturity of the crop so as to get as much of it made by the first of August as possible. Plant on well-drained land only. Poorly drained bottom land that cannot be planted early will only prove to be breediug places for the weevil. Such laud had much bet ter be planted to corn or some oth er crop. The use of early maturing varie ties is necessary, for iate varieties will not "make" enough to get ahead of the weevil and it will be useless to plant them Wide rows are necessary so as to admit plenty of sunshine. When the punctured squares fall to the ground, the grub of the weevil contained therein will soon perish if the fallen square is exposed to the hot sunshine for a few hours, This is the reason why cotton grow ing is still profitable, in spite of the boll weevil, in the hot, dry re gions of Texas. Cultivate frequently, shallow, 3 1 - i - A ... anu laie in ine season, jvcd ud the cultivation until the crop is made, mrly "laying by" is not conducive of good results with the boll wevill present. Late cultiva tion should not be deep; however; just a stirring of the surface soil to keep up a shallow dust mulch nd prevent the ground from baking. Unfortunately a lanre number of farmers have no faith in a chauee of methods. "Anything which de viates in tne least from the "eood old way" is all wrong and to be avoided. They say that the meth ods here outlined are a fake, yet will admit that they never tried them. But the fact that some farmers are actually erowine cot ton at a profit by following these methods under boll weevil condi tions, ought to convince the most skeptical mind that there must be some virtue in them. These meth- ods are at least worthy of a fair trial for it is a foregone conclusion that cotton cannot be profitably grown by the old methods once Jthe boll weevil becomes thoroughly es tablished He Barked Too Late. That Bilbo's forethought was riot as good as his Jiindthought wa3 conclusively shown when he TRinnPrAlv hnno that. th for'JiPn n0t SP"ng lae bribery of Noxubee county will heed .;thwSi)ry ln the caucus, and thus ing any attempt to change before the boll weevil has taken your crop. The scourge is almost at your doors, weevils having been found in Oktibbeha, Winston, Neshoba and Lauderdale coun ties this fall. This means that you cannot count on more than two, and most probably only one more full crop, for the weevil will undoubtedly spread over Noxubee county next year. Do not ignore the question thinking that by some divine act of Provi dence you or your particular com munity will be exempt. The time to prepare, to meet this ad vancing pest is now, not next fall. Get the land broken early so that it will be well prepared before planting time. Plant some good, early maturing vari ety, or at least enough of such a variety to give you your seed for the following year. You will surely need it if you expect to grow cotton after the weevil is here. M. A. Crosby. TRESSPASS NOTICES. All tresspassers, hunterB especially, are warned not to go on my place five and a half miles east of Macon. This means everyone. W. D. Shavhr My place known as the Callahan place 6 miles west of Macon is posted. Posi tively no hunting allowed; no excep tion: please don't ask for permission. Tresspassers will be punished recording to law. Geo. Richardson Mv land located east of Macon is posted and I will prosecute any one found hunting on it. M. L, Hunter, which would have been the inev itable result. This inconsistency, of course, was apparent to the twelve ju rors who honorably acquitted Hon. L. C. Dulaney. And apro pos of this point, the Aberdeen Examiner quotes Mr. Dolph Can trell of that county as sizing up the situation thusly: "If I bad a coon dog that ran all night without treeing, and then came home in the morning to yelp in the front yaad, I'd kill him " The Yazoo county jury didn't kill Bilbo, Lut the verdict it ren dered has almost killed a lot of Vardamaniacs. Jackson News. TO THE PUBLIC! i-tavinff completed mv new snoo. 1 wish to state that I am fully preparc do all kinds of blacksmithing, wood-- work and general repairing. , fcach de-,: partment is complete in itself and special attention will be paid to all kinds or high, class wood work. Prompt service and 4 the best of workmanship will be mam- J tained at all times. Respectfully solicit ing a share of your patronage. I am yours for business, LUCIUS CALLOWAY;, One Good Deed Deserves Another." We kept you cool in summer, let us keep you warm in winter and continue in your good graces. We are exclusive agents for THE FAMOUS "CLIMAX," the best of the Monte Valley Coal Fields. "HAR-GROVE CAHABA" best Cahaba Coal on the market. We are carrying four different kinds of Coal in order to meet all demands and will be pleased to serve you. ' Phone us your orders before winter prices go into effect. ARCTIC ICE & COAL CO. . cMacon's New Drug. Store. We are agents for THE CELEBRATED VICTOR TALKING MACHINE. We have a fine line of records. Let us sell you a nice machine for Christmas.' Call in to see the VICTOR. See our Christmas Goods before buying elsewhere. See our fine new line of Ladies' hand bags and silver purses. The finest line of perfumes in Christmas packages that has ever come to Macon. Get a bottle of ALMOND LOTION and keep your hands smooth during cold weather. ZEMO CURES ALL SKIN DISEASES. Get a bottle of REXALL COLD TABLETS or a bottle of REXALL CHERRY BARK COUGH, SYRUP for your cold or the grippe. :i & -t ' I - w i h 4 ' u u. . H ' 1 4k. 4 t'.