Newspaper Page Text
SUBSCRIPTION Biz Mentha...... ThraaMoatha.... ONE DOLLAR A YEAR See Hmry A. Miaor Jr. D. C. Ftrrlt , . , PnbtUhad Dnry Friday and antend In-lha Boetonloa at Macon. Mac. aa aaoand elan owner FRIDAY, JANUARY 80, 1914. MINOR'S ROAD BILL. " What ia considered the best road law yet for many districts ia the state was introduced this morninsr by Mr. Minor of Noxir bee and is the outcome of his ex perience as counsel for one of the districts in his county. The law is designed to provide for the convenient and economical yet thorough working of the roads without issuing bonds, and the introducer of the measure believes that districts without cities or large towns in them to help pay taxes should not issue bonds. A brief synopsis of the salient fea tures of the bill are: The supervisors may organize road districts and make them taxing districts for road purposes. '.Funds are to be provided by tax ation and commutation of road duty. Three road commissioners are appointed for four years. They are to purchase or hire teams, road machinery, tools, supplies, etc., without competi tive bidding unless required by the supervisors, but all their acts are subject to review and rejec tion at the next meeting of the supervisors: They must report all their actions to the supervis ors. ... The commissioners appoint a road superintendent who gives bond and holds ornce for a year. The supervisors approve the ap pointment and fix his compensa tion. He works under the direc tions oi tne commissioners and may require all their directions to him to be in writing. He gives all his time to road work unless otherwise directed.. He takes care of all the property owned or hired by the district and employs all labor. His month' ly reports and nay-rolls are re viewed by the commissioners and thein by' the supervisors who. when they approve them, order payment. ,tiis monthly report must show number, amount and condition of . all the property -wned or' hireu'mr the" district. ''and his report and the report of the commissioners are to be kept on nie subject, to inspection by any resident or tax payer of the district. i Provision is made for some con. .tract wort Certain bridges, ,. courseways and bad places in ' roads may be built and kept up L... - J- A. J 1 1 by-road or section of main read may be worked by contract; but AJUich contract may be required to Thf High Colt of Law. The Introduction of the resolu tion in the Mississippi Legislature calling for an investigation of an alleged enormous fee growing out Bditar of a bank receivership should serve Feelliher f dranr In r.hA attention of the people that the high cost of law is in line with the high cost of living. We know nothing whatever of the merits of the particular case. The fee may have been earned. The work done may have been enormous. Uut it is a iocc that the court costs and attorneys' fees in all receiverships in these parts usually leave little, for the credit ois. During last year, in certain cases, enormous fees were awarded to lawyers in the city of Memphis and the corresponding service seemed to be slight. : The expense of litigation may. however, serve a good gurpose in causing people to attempt to ad just many of their disputes with out going to law. Commercial Appeal. Grtat Demand for Dairy Cowa. be let by public biddinjr. and ..must not run lor more than a year. , . . The supervisors are to retain plenany powers under this act. They may dispense with or re quire advertisement and public bidding for contracts or purchas es when they .deem it best. The commissioners are to check the . -superintendent and the supervis : 1 ors to. act as check on the road ' . Commissioners as well as the su ,' perintendent. ):Road districts heretofore orga ; Tiized and not issuing bonds, may be placed within the provisions of this act. Districts under this act may borrow money with the consent of the supervisors, but this pow er is so limited that such loans will be only for one or two years income and must be paid in five years, and their repayment pro vided for in the ordinance mak ing the loan. This is to enable districts to purchase teams and equipment to start with and pay for gradually in five years. Under this act it is believed roads in a country district can be worked year in and year out most advantageously and with out violating the law by failing to observe various regulations prescribed by general statutes. in country districts competitive bidding is generally a farce, ex pensive, inconvenient and dila tory and accomplishing no rood. Isolated Lridges nd bad places ure ivnu ran ucak uc uiaill- tained and repaired by local resi dents most interested in their up keep. The bill is drawn on the theory that the supervisors of r the state are for the most part , honest, sensible, capable men, that the road commissioners will ba of the same kind, and the peo ple of road districts can be de pended on to keep a fairly good look-out on their own affairs, es pecially something that is as open to them as the condition of their rrodn Jaekson Nws t. In my opinion, the most profitable animal for us to grow to sell in Noxu bee coanty is the dairy cow, selling her s a springer. There is a great and growing demand from all parts of the United States for fresh cows. We have an excellent foundation in the grade Jerseys that we have all over the county, and why should we not im prove the opportunity? There is always good demand for such stock. The great point of advantage in growing such stock for sale comes from our not having to finish them with grain feed as they will be in good enough condi tion from pasture. ' Now that we have the tick quaran tine raised, I am receiving frequent in quiries from parties in the North who wish to come here and buy our grade Jersey heifers. We can have buyers come to us for dairy stock and pay cash at the farm, which is the most satis factory way to sell, as. there is no shrinkage nor other uncertainties about it. We have a great grass country and we cannot utilize it in a better way than in growing grade Jersey cows for the market. There is no danger of over-stocking the market in this line. H. B. Gurler. Adjt.-Gen. Erie Scales, chief execu tive of Mississippi's war department, is getting in touch with conditions. He is keeping in touch with the militia di vision of the war department in Wash ington, and believes that a full measure of support will be given the Mississippi national guard, as in the past. Maj. George Hngaboom, commandant of Camp Williamson, near Vicksburg, is at the department, and Assistant Adjt. Gen. S. P. Walker is also busily at work. It is probable that during Feb. ruary and March the regular inspection of the guard will be made by Lieut. B. F. McClellan of the regular army, who is on duty with the state miitia. Jack son JNews. "The Price She Paid." . .,..... - ii i... , ' i." " " ' 1,1 Y t ' ' , , - Mies Shirley Mayberry Who Will be Seen at the Lyceum Theater Thursday Night, February 5th With "The Price She Paid." Sand Clay Roads and the Time to Work Them. Washington, D. C, Jan, 26.- That the people of Macon will be sur prised on Thursday night, February 6th, is a positive certainty, for on that occa sion the newest dramatized offermcr. entitled "The Price She Paid," will be brought to ahe Lyceum Theatre. No greater artistic triumph has ever toured the country than this wonderful ly dramatic play which has more thrills than "Fine Feathers," more gripping situations than "Within the Law," and more wonderful lines than the book of David Graham Phillips himself. The subject matter of the play has to do with thu efforts of a wealthy man to induce a pure girl to become his com mon law wife.' Circumstances arise which enable the wealthy man to tell the girl that if she does not join him in this proposed alliance, he will send her brother to prison, thus bringing humili ation to her and the other members of thh family. It is battling against such odds as this that bring out the firmness and wonderful spirit in the girl's char acter. The bitter fight she wages against the wiles of the millionaire, her up-hill battle in her efforts to save her brother from a prisoner's cell, and her final triumph at the end of the play present dramatic possibility that have never been equaled before in the drama, "The Price She Paid," which is head ed by no less a talented actress than Shirley Mayberry, is easily the best written, best produced and best pre sented comedy drama of the season. 1 Cotton Ginned to January 16. The ' tabulation of the separate re turns from the ginners for the January 16th report shows there were 24,107 bales of cotton, counting round as half bales, ginned in Noxubee county from the crop of 1913 prior to January 16, 1914, as compared with 17,908 bales ginned prior to January 16th, 1913. Get your cabbage land ready and do it now. The outlook for an active de mand for cabbage at fall prices was never better. Ladies' Skirts and Coat Suits a specialty at Vhe )City Pressing Club, C I. SaUjGFNT, Prop, There are at present about 35,000 miles of sand clay roads in the United States, mainly in the Sou thern 'States, according to the Of fice of Public Eoads, U. 8. Depart ment of Agriculture. The time to work the roads is in the spring when the soil is damp. It the working of the roads is deferred until iate in summer when they are dry, they are not only much more difficult tot put in proper shape but the cost ot repair is greater than if they -ere. Worked early in the spring. v , Previous to 1894 comparatively little, if any, of these roads exist ed. The popularity of this type of road is due to the facts that it is cheap, comparatively firni and durable, easy to construct and re pair, and that the materials out of which it is built are plentiful in many sections of the country. The sand-clay road is made by mixing the sand and clay in such a way that the grains of sand touch each other, the spaces be tween the grains being filled with clay which acts as a binder. The approximate mixture of sand and clay may be determined by filling a vessel with a sample of tne sana to De used, and another vessel of the same size with water. The water is poured carefully into the sand uutil it reaches the point of overflowing, The volume of water removed from the second vessel represents approximately the proportion of clay needed. '-; ine proper proportion of sand and clay can best be determined, l j-i nowever, as me worx progresses, as some clay will contain . more sand than others. In fact, clays are very frequently found which already contain about the right proportion of sand. If the road to be treated is sandv. the surface is first leveled off and crowned with a road machine, the uiuwu uuiug aoout one-nail inch to the foot from the center to the sides. The clay is then dumped. on mesuriace ana carefully spread, so that it will be from six to eight inches in center, and gradually de creasing in depth towards the sides. A layer of clean sand is then ususually added, which is thoroughly mixed with the clay, either by tramc or bv means of plows and disk or tooth harrows. The best results have , been ob tained by thoroughly mixing or puddling the materials when wet." For this reason, it is desirable that the mixing be done in wet weath er. I he mixing can be left to the traffic after the materials have been properly placed, but this in volves a whole winter and snrinp of bad road, and even then the mixing is not always satisfactory. In all cases, it is advisable to dress the road with a roid ma chine or split-log drag after the materials have been thoroughly mixed, and to give it a crown of not more than one inch or less than three-quarters of an inch to the foot from the center to the sides. A light coating of sand may then be added. The use of the road machine or drag should be continued at frequent intervals until the surface is smooth and firm. If the road to be treated is com posed of clay, it should first be brought to a rough grade with a road machine. The surface should then be plowed and thor oughly pulverized by harrowing to a depth of about four inches, after which it is given a crown or slope of about one-half inch to the foot from the center to the sides. ' It is then covered with six to eight inches of clean, sharp sand, which is spread thicker ,in the center than at the sides. The materials should then be mixed with plows and harrows while they are com paratively dry, after which they are finally puddled with a harrow during wet weather. If clay works to the surface and the road becomes sticky, more sand should be added. The road is then shaped, crowned and ditched in the usual manner with a road machine. , This should be done when the surface is soft, yet stiff enough to pack well un der the roller or the traffic. Wide but shallow ditches should be pro vided on both sides of the road. and culverts or cross drains should be placed wherever water flows across the road, for it is exceeding ly important that the "sand on clay" roads be well drained. ' After the clay on sand, or the sand on clay, road is completed, it should be carefully maintained until the surface becomes firm and smooth. The construction of this type of road is by no means a quick opera tion. If Soft, sticky places appear, more sand should be added, and if loose, sandy places are found, more clay is needed. It is just as important to attend to these small details as to any other part of the work, for if they are neglected, the road is liable to fail. It requires approximately one cubic yard of clay to surface one and one half running yards of road twelve feet in width, or about 1175 cubic yards to the mile. From three-fourths to one cubic yard will make a load for two horses on a dry clav road. ' The cost of the road will, therefore, depend largely upon the distance the material is hauled, the average oemg jrom ouu to iuuu per mile. A road built under the direction ot the Office of Public ltoids, at uainesvnie, iua., one mile long. fourteen feet wide and having nine S 1 - 1 . lucnes oi sana ciay suriace, cost $881 per mile, or ten cents per square yard. Another sand -clay road built by the Office at Talla hassee, Fla., sixteen feet wide, seven inches thick, cost $470 per mile, or about five cents per square yard. - Fertilizer! Fertilizer! Fertilizer ! We have just received a large shipment of best fertilizers which are especially adapted to our lands. Our brands are as follows : Barn Mixttire Fertilizer for Cotton and nVhing fnr rrxrMsrni . Vegetaq tke best known ferti ; 7 Also we have Gorn PHOSPHATE etter for Fruit : AINIT and to prevent blight le Grower lizer for the garden a good supply of Cotton Seed Meal. J. H. WILLIAMS. American Hog Fence SPOT CASH Special price on the following : 600 Rods, 26-inch 500 Rods, 32-inch 400 Rods, 26-inch 26-inch EUwood at 23k per Rod Holberg's Hardware Store Now ia the time for oil good citizens to pay up their Subecrlption to TheMaconBeacon, . NOTICE! To Our Friends and the Public We are now located in the old Richardson shop back of Klaus & Go's store, where we will be pleased to serve you as heretofore, in the same satisfactory way. All kinds of wagon and buggy repairing, also Plows, , Mowers, Farm Implements, Gas Engines, . Automobiles, Bicycles and Guns. ' 'nd anything in the Repair Line HORSE-SHOEING A SPECIALTY We have the 1est horse-shoer and workman in this country, bar none. We are entering our 4th year among you in the shop busi ness, and solicit a continuance of your liberal and valued patronage, assuring you at all times of our best efforts to please you. , ,. . -; , Macon Wood & Machine Shops, . L S. SHUMAKER, Manager. The Beaoon it authorized to announce 2 JOS. MAURY a candidate for Martha! of the City of Macon, tubject to tne action of the demo, cratio primary. , - The Beacon it authorized to announce J. A. LEE at a candidate for re-election to the office of Martha! of the city of Macon, aubjeot to the action of the democratic primary. The Beaoon it authorized to announce ' J. J. SCOTT , at a candidate for re-election to the office of Clerk of the City of Macon, tuhjeot to the eotioa of the democratic primary. The M. & O. Schedule. No. 1.., No. 11. No. 8. . No. 5. . , No. 2. .'. No. 6... No. 4... No. 12. . SOUTHBOUND. NORTHBOUND, 12:50 a. m 8:84 " 11:59 " " . 6:34 p. t 2:22 a. in 10:21 4f " 4:44 p. m 6:10 " Ohl You Calomel rat' out of th and let Li v-Ver-Lax do the work. Pure ly vegetable- Aak -Mvrpkkt Oaua Storm.