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THE MACON BEACON. MACON, BUSS.
ARIZONA ANTIALIEU LAW HELD WD SPECIAL COURT OF THREE FED ERAL JUDGES MAKES RULING IN FRI3CO. INJUNCTION IS PERMANENT Court Hold That the Statute Violated Guarantee of Life, Liberty and Possession of Property Made k" to All Alike. San Francisco. The Arizona antl- allen employment act, adopted by the people of the state at the November election as an initiative measure, was declared unconstitutional, null and void by a special court of three fed eral judges. The court held that the statute vio lated the guarantees of life, liberty and the possession of property made to all alike, whether aliens or not, under the Fourteenth amendment to the consti tution; that if the state of Arizona could forbid any employer to hire more than 20 per cent of aliens, it could with equal justice forbid htm to hire one per cent, or even an individual alien. This struck at the vitals of the act which ordered that any employer with pay roll of five or more names must see that at leaBt 80 per cent of those names were duly qualified electors. "The law was intended," said the court, "to be a police regulation, but under guise of police regulation the state was in effect depriving the com plainant of his right to labor, guaran teed to him by the Fourteenth amend ment to the United States constitu tion. ! "The supreme court of the United States recently has held that the right to labor Is a right of property. An alien canrrot be deprived of the right of property under the constitution." The court made permanent a tempo rary injunction issued by District Judge AVm. H. Sawtelle restraining en forcement of the law. PANIC IN NEW YORK SUBWAY 700 Face Death When Crowd Gets Ex. eltad Shert-Clroulted Cable la , the Cause of Trouble. New York. The worst accident In the 10 yeara history of New York's subway occurred during the rush hours when 700 passengers in two stalled trains were stricken with panic in the darkened tubes by dense smoke and acrid fumes from a short-circuited ca ble. In the struggle to escape some 200 persons were Injured, one, a wom an, fatally. Others, overcome, were rescued, unconscious, by police and firemen, while scores struggled to the street, hysterical, their clothing torn and faces blackened by smoke. The city was thrown into the throes of a transportation blockade without parallel in, its history. It was not un til eight hours that a wheel again turned in the subway, and then only a limited local service wag maintained. The. hundreds of thousands of passen gers the subway ordinarily carries were diverted to elevated and surface systems, and when the home-bound rush began neither system had ade quate facilities. There were no sub way trains running to Brooklyn and a dense mass of humanity, concentrat ing at the Brooklyn bridge, prolonged the rush hour period for two hours in a struggle to board trains and cars. The accident occurred between the Fiftieth and Fifty-ninth street sta tions and called out virtually the en tire fire and ambulance service on Manhattan island. The two trains, an express and a local, both packed, came to a stop midway between the stations and the lights went out. A large feed cable had blown out In its conduit, some 50 yards distant. and soon the cars were filled with the fumes of burning rubber. This soon grew unbearable and It took little to start a panic in the darkness. GERMANS DEVELOP A COUNTER ATTACK PARIS 8AY8 ATTACKS IN AR GONNE3-ALSACE REPULSED. BERLIN CLAIMS PROGRESS TRY TO RETAKE STEINBACH CONFER ON CHILD LABOR REJECT BAN ON NEGROES House Disapproves of Amendment Barring "Members of African or Black Race" from U. S. Washington. The immigration bill was sent to conference by the House after it had registered its disapproval of Senate amendments barring '"mem "bers of the African or black race" and exempting agricultural Immigrants from Belgium from the literacy Jijst and the contract immigration provts- Ions. : Both of these amendments caused protracted debate. Most southern members favored retention of the ne gro amendment, but others suggested that to press it might mean final de jfeat of the entire bill. Northern rep. resentatives generally opposed the provision. After an extended debate a roll call showed a vote of 252 to 75 against it. : The Belgian exception was defeated without division after several efforts to alter its provisions had been voted down. Representative Culiop proposed to broaden the exception to admit not only farmers but industrial workers from Belgium. Representative Galla gher suggested Inclusion also of farm era from Poland. The Senate amendment to exclude all persons of "constitutional pay. chopathic inferiority and perons with chronic alcoholism" was accepted. BLAME WAR FOR FAILURE American Round Bale Company Bankrupt-Liabilities $938,000 As sets 59 Cotton Gin Plants. la New York. The American Round Bale Press company, a New York cor poration, with $6,000,000 authorized capital, filed a voluntary petition in bankruptcy in which Its liabilities were given as $934,000 and its assets as 69 cotton gin plants in the south, and presses, value not estimated. Paul Jones, a New York lawyer, was appointed receiver. The company is a reorganization ef fected in 1907 of the American Cotton company, of which former Gov. David R. Francis of Missouri, the late Cor nelius N. Bliss and James M. Cannon a New York banker, were interested. They, as far back as 1901, were mem bers of a protective committee for the company's stock. Included in the liabilities are $737,- 340 first mortgage bonds. Attorneys for the receiver attributed the failure to the European war. "The business of the oompany has been prostrated by paralysis in the cotton trade resulting from the Euro pean war," their statement read. "The Tanning Extract Rate Upheld. Washington. Freight rata on liq uid tanning extract in tank cars from Knoxville, Tenn., and other similarly located points to destinations in other states were held by the interstate commerce commission to, be reasonable. Obregon Takes Puebla. Vera Cruz. Gen. Obregon reported to Carranza headquarters that he had captured the City of Puebla, capital pi the state of that name. All Vera Cruz Is celebrating the news. Dr. Adler of New York Will Preside Over Two-Day Meeting Weil Known Men Attend. Washington. The eleventh annual conference on child labor will be held here. The wonk of the conference. wnicn win last two days, will be direct ed by Dr. Felix Adler of New York. chairman of the national child labor committee, and will Include discus sions of all questions pertaining to the cniid. Many well-known teachers, labor commissioners and other students of child legislation and economic condi tions have arrived for the meeting. Prominent among those on the pro gram tor speeches are Miss Julia C. Lathrop, head of the federal children's bureau; Representatives A. Mitchell Palmer of Pennsylvania and Murdock of Kansas, Senators Kenyofl of Iowa and Owen of Oklahoma, Lewis Bryant, commissioner or labor of New Jersey: P. P. Claxton, United States commis sioner of education; Miss Jane Ad- dams of Chicago, and Samuel Lindsay, professor of social legislation, Colum- wa university, New York. VILLA AND SCOTT TO MEET They Will Endeavor to Prevent Firing Acrosa the Border Conference la Sought by Villa. Washington. Brlg.-Gen. Scott, chief oi start or the United States army, and Gen. Villa have arranged to confer on the international bridge at El Paso with a view to arriving at an under standing that " will permanently pre vent further firing Into American ter ritory by Mexican factions fighting along the international line. Gen. Scott has been at Naco for two weeks triyng to bring about an agree ment between Gov. Maytorena, com manding the Gutierrez forces attack ing the Mexican town of that nama. and Gen. Hill of the Carranza garri son. Hill agreed to withdraw, but Maytorena has postponed entering into a final agreement, awaiting, it la said, the arrival of Gen. Cazral, on his way north with 8,000 men to take charira oi-ine situation. Condition of Roads Retard Work by Infantrymen German Statement ' Announces Advance In the Ar gonnet and Around Arraa. Paris. A violent German counter of fensive developed In the Argonne re gion about Verdun and in front of Steinbach, In Alsace. Air scouts re port the arrival of Important bodies of re-enforcements brought to strengthen the German lines in the Argonne and along the Alsne. Evidently deeply concerned at the rapid progress made by the French forces on this eastern wing, the Invad ers began the day with a terrific ar tillery fire all along the line, concen trating on the region of Lasstgny on the trenches held by the French at the crossing of the road from Le Four de Paris to Varennes and the Haute Chlv auchee road and upon the works to the north of Verdun. These cannonades were followed at Intervals by Infan try attacks, but all were repulsed by the French, who maintained their po sitions inviolate throughout. - The French artillery position on the ridge, which dominates Steinbach, and from which the fire was directed, which finally dislodged the German forces when they were compelled to evacuate on Monday, was subjected to a particularly violent bombardment, but.the condition of the hillsides and the country all About, due to the heavy rains, made further attacks by infan try impossible. Resumption of the offensive at Stein bach and the bombardment of Thann, where the hospital was made the tar get of German shells, are believed to be closely related to the attempt -of the German troops to thrust forward a wedge between the French northern column, attacking the outer defenses of Muelhaasen from the direction of Mount Bonhomme, and that which is advancing from Thann through Stein bach and Cernay. The third of Gen. Pau's columns, which is advancing from Belfort as its base, has so far penetrated the vt ley of the II to the southwest of Alt- ARTILLERY DUELS IN FOG Germans Strive Desperately to Pre vent , Further Gains by Allies. " -., Heavy Fighting In Argonne. '. Paris. There Is general " fighting all along the French front from the Belgian li(ne to the vicinity of Altkirch and from announcements given out by the war office the allied forces are more than holding their own. No where are any reverses reported. In Flanders the Germans are striv ing desperately to prevent further gains by the allies. - They are bom barding the French position with their heaviest available field artillery. King Albert of-Belgium is personally di-recting-the return fire of the allied artillery. The cannonading is heaviest in the section about Zillebeke, which is near Ypres. . Two attacks by the Germans southeast of St. Georges and In the region of the duns were repulsed with a heavy loss to the attacking force. There has been heavy fighting in the Argonne region also, and here again the French have proved their superiority. Not only have they main tained their positions, at every "dis puted point, but they have regained some ground which they lost recently In the forest of LaGrurle, recapturing from the Germans about. 300 yards of trenches at a point having high stra tegic value. Two full German regiments deliver ed a spirited attack In the vicinity of Fontaine Madame and each of these was thrown back, while the daring of the French mining and sapping corps enabled the allies to blow up 800 yards of German trenches near the ravine of Courte Chaussee. A charge on these trenches following the explosion of the mine revealed that about 400 yards of them were pit defenses, and the sec tion was accordingly occupied by the French. Further down the ' line extending into the Province of Upper Alsace the French troops engaged in a hot clash with . the Germans in the woods of Hlrzbach, not far from Altkirch. The fighting was at close quarters and the French charged repeatedly with the bayonet. After hours of fighting, in which losses on both sides were con siderable, the Germans were forced to break ground and the French ended the engagement with a substantial gain in territory to their credit. PRISON TRUSTEES URGE CROP GRANGE COL. MONTGOMERY WOULD ABAN. DON COTTON ALTOGETHER. " FAVORS DIVERSIFICATION. WEATHER HINDERS PICKING 'W HEALTH' IU I kill a.U President Thames Estimates There Remains a Thousand Bales, Which Prba'bly Will Be Picked This Month Recommendation. Jackson, All three of the penitentiary trus tees, at their monthly meeting, sub mitted the statutory written reports of the condition of the property under their supervision, accompanied by spe clfic recommendations for the better ment of the property. Col W A. Mont gomery, the dean of the administra tive board, submitted his- eighty- fourth monthly report, representing one regularly each month for the past seven years. v.. ' ' Col. Montgomery boldly advocates the abandonment of cotton planting by the penitentiary altogether, and In stead, to raise wheat, hogs and feed- stuffs, and also recommends the building and equipment of a modern packing plant at Parchman. Trustee Thames, who is president of the board," reports that but for bad weather all the cotton would now be picked. He estimates that there Is still unpicked something like a thou sand bales and believes It will be gath ered this month. He strongly urges the cutivatlon of more alfalfa, lespe deza and burr clover, more ribbon cane and more tobacco, dwelling with emphasis on the two latter products ON JO RHINE CRIES PARIS French Gains In "Lost Province" of Alsace Cheer Paris Rains Inter i fere With Action. Paris. Capture of an important tronghold in their advance against klrch, the key to the south door of Metz; a second invasion of Alsace, Muelhausen, that they have takef position in a small forest two auu I ea one-half miles from Altkirch, Here the French "75s" have batter ed the German guns into silence and have established themselves in posi tions which command the earthworks which defend the town in three lines on the south and southwest Elsewhere on the 350-mile battle front artillery duels were fought at a number of scattered points, but the weather conditions have been so bad that operations of extensive character have been impossible, Hale Ownlngs Attached. Los Angeles, Cal. Southern Call- fornia property valued at $450,000 and belonging to Nathan W. Hale, former congressman from Tennessee, is in the hands of the sheriff. The Judg ment was the outcome of a stock transaction involving the securities of the Great Southern Agency, an insur ance concern, which went into the hands of a receiver. Unions Lose. Washington. Ending 11 years of litigation the supreme court held that some 200 Connecticut labor union mem- Ders must pay $252,130.09 damages un- der the Sherman law for a nation wide boycott of D. E. Loewe & Co., Danbury, Conn., hat manufacturers, who refused to unionize their shops. Iturbide on the Way. Naco, Ariz. Gen. Iturbide. with a. 000 men, is reported by Carranza agents to have arrived at Mocezuma, 150 miles south of here, on his way to Join Gen. Benjamin Hill at Naco, Sonora. FRENCH TAKE STEINBACH Strike Victorious Stride in Alsace, Advance on Muelhausen and Bombard Altkirch'. Paris. Steinbach has fallen. The Alsatian town to which the French laid violent siege a week ago and which they later invested and forced their way into, fighting from house to house and gaining ground only foot by foot, was carried by the French, according to the official statement issued here. Cernay (called Sennheim by Ger mans) is being violently attacked by the French. This town Is but three miles from Steinbach and the general offensive is directed against these two French guns massed before Altkirch continue their bombardment of -that important railway center, which also is but about eight miles from Muelhau sen, but Bllghtly west of south. Stein bach, Cernay, Thann and Aspach are grouped Just north of west of Muel hausen. Thus Muelhausen is threten- ed from two quarters, its front on the west and its left flank on the south. So important is the success of the French in these operations that staff officers of the French army have ap plied to their attainment that word which has been treasured by even the most radical spirits for use only In de cided triumphs "victory." Bloergvln Stopped. London. The Daily Telegraph's cor respondent at Copenhagen says: "A Norwegian merchant captain Just back from Gibraltar says the Ham burg-American liner Graecla attempt ed to cross the Atlantic flying the Nor wegian flag and under the name of Bjoergvln, but that she was stopped by a British cruiser and taken as a prize to Gibraltar. Auto License La Upheld. Washington. The supreme . couat eld that In the absence of federal regulation of interstate automobile travel, states may regulate such traf fic. It upheld the Maryland automo bile license law as constitutions' Another Garibaldi Is Killed. Paris. Another son of Gen. Ricclo- ti Garibaldi, and grandson of the great Italian patriot, has been killed in ac tion, according to a semi-official note. The French war minister, M. Miller and, has sent condolences to the family. , Try to Force Dardanelles. Berlin. An Athens dispatch an nounces that the Franco-English fleet Is attempting to force the Dardanelles. It is being blocked by the heavy bom bardmoat of the fortress reatenlag Colmar; new - advances east of Steinbach and against Cernay (Sennheim) in the operations before Muelhausen and Altkirch with further gains to the east of Nieuport, in Flan ders these are the outstanding fea tures of the French official statement, Rains continue incessant along the entire front, which now measures 375 miles, being extended to the borders of Switzerland on the south and to the sea in Flanders on the north . Belgian artillery is in operation against the Germans in Flanders, where they silenced the German bat teries.- Duels of the big guns were fought at six points . on the battle front. ;,-, ' ' Earlier reports brought first news of the appearance of the French be fore Colmar. Here, to the southeast of the Mount Du Bonhomme, the ham let of Creux d'Argent, a mile and a quarter west of Ordey (Urbels) was occupied and fortified by the Alpine chasseurs. On the whole front In Alsace French are now about 80 miles from the Rhine river and the reports of the gains be ing made In this "Lost Province" have greatly cheered Paris, where the cry now is being raised "On to the Rhine." TURKS IN FULL RETREAT Whole Army Corps Taken Prisoners of War Russians Claim Compute Victory at Cara Kamyah. Petrograd. The following official communication from the headquarters of the army of the Caucasus was is sued here: The defeat which we Inflicted on the Ottoman army in the region of Sari Kamysh is complete. The Ninth Turkish corps was completely anni hilated. We made prisoner the com mander of the corps, Iskhan Pasha, the commanders of the Seventeenth, Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth di visions, and two lieutenants (these chiefs, with their staffs), more than a hundred officers and a great number of soldiers. The Turkish losses In killed and wounded were enormous. We took many cannon, machine guns, munitions of war and revictualing con voys, j ' "A company of one of our regiments captured the entire command of the Ninth corps." May Ship Cotton. i Negotiations with a view to sending a chartered steamship load of Missis sippi cotton direct from New Orleans or the Atlantic seaboard to German ports, which subject has been tenta tively discussed for some weeks past, have now assumed something like def inite shape, and according to a state ment of Gov. Brewer it looks very much as if the plans will be perfected. The state has on hand, ready" for de livery, between 4,000 and 6,000 bales, and this, together with private cottoivV- neia lor market since the season opened, would make up a cargo of something like 16,000 bales of the staple. .,-f . In this matter Gov. Brewer has the active co-operation of the trustees of the penitentiary, all three of whom are heartily in favor of disposing of this cotton by direct shipment, if the ex tra insurance and the war risk can be arranged satisfactorily. Negotiations are now going forward with a view to arranging for payment of the purchase money, on a basis of a Traction over 20 cents a pound at New York, on pro duction of the bills of lading, direct to Bremen or Hamburg. It is the under standing that on actual delivery of the cotton on board ship, and production of the bills of lading, Invoices and all insurance, marine and war Included, provided for. New York exchange for the amount represented would be forthcoming. As stated by Gov. Brewer, If they are successful in th negotiations now pending, it will mean a net Income oi something over $250,000 to the state at the quoted rate for delivery at Ger man ports. - m a ska a m. Jr Sa Say A Nnrth I rAlu-t TellinWfotSheOweToCardui, , The Woman's Tonic. ML Airy, N. C Mrs. Ada Hull, ot this place, says: "About six years ago I got in very bad health. I suffered terrible pains in my abdomen and back. I dreaded to see the sun rise and I dreaded to see it set, for I suf fered such agony. No one except my self will ever know how badly I suf fered. The doctor said I was suffering . as a result of the menopause. As nothing gave me any relief, I asked the doctor If I hadn't better try Cardul. He said, 'It might help you,' and told my husband to get me a bot-, tie. At this time I was so weak t could not lift my bead, and my voice) was so weak, people had to lean to- ' wards the bed to hear what I said. I looked so bad and had such a dark color that I looked like a dead woman, and my relatives thought I would, never get up again. I took one bottle of Cardul and It relieved the pain and Buffering so much that my husband got another bottle, and that improved me still ' more. I began to strengthen and gradually got well. I have now had ' better health for six years, than I ever had In all my life. I have taken, no medicine since, and my health is lerfect Cardul Is the finest medicine woman could use." Try It. At druggists. Adv. Willie Knew. Some time ago the teacher of a pub lie school was Instructing a class In geography, and when it came time to hand out a few questions she turned ' to Willie Smith. 'Willie," she said, "can you tell me what is one of the principal products of the West Indies?" "No, ma'am," frankly answered Wil- ' He, after a moment's hesitation. 'Just think a bit," encouragingly re-' ' turned the teacher; "where does the sugar come from that you use at your house?" "Sometimes from the store." an. swered Willie, "and sometimes we bor row it from the next-door neighbor." FRUIT LAXATIVE -FOR SICK CHILD "California Syrup of Figs" can't v harm tender stomach,: liver and bowels. : , Serbs Suffering. Washington. Conditions in devat. tated portions of Servla are as dis tressing as in Belgium, according to letter received at Red Cross head quarters here from Mme. Grouitch, wife of the under-secretary for foreig- af fairs of Servla. 1 War Riaka Reduced. 1 London. The government rate insurance of cargoes against war risk was reduced on Dec. 31, It was an nounced, from one and one-half gui neas to one guinea per cent. O'Keefe In Charge. Quietly and without hitch or the slipping of any official or managerial cogs, the change in the personnel of superintendent of the penitentiary has been effected, and Ed J. O'Keefe, late In charge of Rankin State Farm, has taken charge of the entire property. It is a big responsibility which Mr. O Keefe has assumed, and it is ex pected that he will measure up to all the requirements. The change was effected yesterday, when Dr. J. C, Cathings, superintendent since 1911, received his successor at the Parch man headquarters, and turned over that big farm together with all other property, real and personal, to his young successor. A recent appraisement of the pro perty has been made, which Dr. Gath lngs has turned over to his successor, and this will be formally laid before the board of trustees at the monthly meeting, at which time, It Is presumed. Dr. Gaithlngs will submit his final an nual report. From Parchman Dr. Gaithlngs will probably go to Tunica County, where he has farming interests and where he may resume the practice of his profession of medicine and surgery, rrom which he had retired for several years prior to accepting the superln tendency of the penitentiary. Call On Brewer. According to custom that prevails In military circles, both in the regular army and National Guard, a number of local mlliltary officers, accompanied by their wives, went to the executive mansion to pay their respects to Gov. Brewer and wish Mm a happy New Year. '' Judges Sworn In. All of the Judges and chancellors who were elected to those positions In Mississippi on Nov. 8, in the gen eral election, took the oath ot office, Every mother realizes, after giving , her children "California Syrup ot : Figs" that this is their ideal laxative, because they love its pleasant taste and it thoroughly cleanses the tender little stomach, liver and bowels with out griping. When cross, irritable, feverish, or breath is bad, stomach sour, look at the tongue, mother! If coated, give a. teaspoonful of this harmless "fruit laxative," and In a few hours all the- foul, constipated waste, sour bile and undigested food passes out of the bow elsand you have a well, playful child: again. When its little system Is full of cold, throat sore, has stomach-ache, diarrhoea, indigestion, colic remem ber, a good "Inside cleaning" should always be the first treatment given. Millions of mothers keep "California Byrup of Figs" handy; they know a, teaspoonful today saves a sick child, tomorrow. Ask at the store for a 60 cent bottle of "California Syrup of Figs," which has directions for babies, children of all ages and grownupr printed on the bottle. Adv. His Regular Cue. Many a man who permits himself to be led forth to musical entertainments he does not care for will appreciate the following: "What made yon start clapping your hands when tfiat woman stepped on your foot In the tramcar?" "I was dozing," answered Mr. Cum rox. "I thought mother and the girls were having a muslcale at home and one of them was signaling that It was time to applaud." CARE FOR YOUR HAIR By Frequent Shampoos With Cutlcura .Soap. Trial Free. Precede shampoos by touches of Cutlcura Ointment if needed to spots of dandruff, Itching and irritation ot the scalp. Nothing better for the com plexion, hair, hands or skin than these- fragrant supercreamy emollients. Also as preparations for the toilet Sample each free by mail with Book. Address postcard, Cutlcura, Dept. XY Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv. , Inside Criticism. 'So you are going to be married. Wary?" ' Yes, ma'am, and I'll be leaving you next Tuesday." 'Well, I hope you are getting good husband." "If he ain't any better than the on you've got I won't keep him long." It's Nature. "I've got work with a circus, tend ing to the animals." "What a beastly Job!" Usually the neighbors think the sad look on a married woman's face Is due to the actions of her husband.