Newspaper Page Text
D. C. Varrll Pobllih.r Publlahad Eerr Friday nd witarvd In the PMtolDM at Macon. Miaa.. as aaeond ciaaa mattar Yesterday's Socialism . SUBSCRIPTION . ONE DOLLAR A YEAR Six Months 60o Thraa Months 85c FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1915. ANNOUNCEMENTS. For Diotrtct Attortuy : M. A. SAUNDEES. For Shtrlff: X7. A. FATJKS. J. T. McCLTJRE. VERNON CLARK. For Tnatttrtr: J. B. COTTON. W. O. BARNES, JR. TO. WALKER, For Saptrvttor, District 3 i GEO. PAGAN. JNO. P HUNTER, The Political Pot. The 1915 political pot in Noxu bee is beginning to simmer and appearances indicate that it will soon boil. It seems that there will be no lack of patriots willing to serve their couuty. Only a few candidates have formally announc ed, but many have had their ears to the ground and have been talk ing matters over with their friends. Taking the offices as they are put down on the ballots, the following is the present line up: For the Senate, Henry Minor h an avowed candidate, and J. Q Poindexter and Walter Stokes, and possibly others, are consider ing making the race. For the House, it is understood that Eramett Cavett and T. "N" Brame will run for re-election and M. O'Byrne and V R. Swindl. are about decided to run. Stron; calls are made on James Jenkins, of Shuqualak, who made such s splendid race before, to run again It is said that in time there wi!i be a dozen in this race. For Chancery Clerk, no opposi tion to Jno. A. Tyson has develop ed. For Circuit Clerk, C. 51, Scales will be opposed by Vernon Adams. The Sheriff race promises to bi hot and heavy; WT. A. Parks ami J. T. McClure have already an nounced, and probable other can didates are Vernon Clark, A. 11 Bush, U. W. Mullius and possibly B. F. Whitehead; Nelson Stevens has many friends who want him to shy his castor in the ring. No opposition has developed to D. F. Allgood, Couuty Attorney. For Treasurer, William Barnes, Jr., W. A. Walker and John B Cotton have announced, and Max Williams is only waiting to let them get a start before he an noimces. The hard job of assessing taxes will be sought by the present As sessor R. C. Patty and Mark Tom linson. No opposition has developed to J. R. Jackson for Superintendent of Education, nor to Mr. Hubbard for Surveyor. For Supervisor, it is said that in the Macon District, W. T. Stow era will runTor re-election and will be opposed by George Pagan and John P. Hunter. Elmer Sennet will run from District Four, and Leland Hines, John Bell and Wirt White are spoken of as candidates from District Five. Sam Cock- rell is being strongly urged to run from District One but is undecid ed; no candidate has appeared for District Two. If any names are omitted from the above lists it is in advertent. From them a Noxubee county vot er can come very near getting the kind of man he wants.! Noxubee County School Children Noxubee county has 10,024 children between the ages of 6 and 20 years, and 6,089 or C 12 per cent of them attend school, ac cording to a recent census bulle tin. The data contained in the report relates to tho year 1910 and has only recently been made pub lic The distribution, by age groups, and the number attend ing school is as follows: AGS TOTAL NO. NO, ATTENDING 6 to 9 ...3,174 2,176 10 to 14 3,896 3,103 15 to 17 1,991 ...... 1,071 J8 to 20,,,,, ,.,1,803 339 We have had occasion to point out in the past and hereby we take occasion to point out in the living present, that what was "crazy socialism" yesterday is today merely conservative pro gress. The Hon. William Jen nings Bryan could tell talcs to this effect, as many of the 'isms' for which he stood in the remote political past are now embodied in law and not, so far as may be ascertained, to the mortal injury of the country. But it is not Bryanism which causes us to take our typewriter in hand, but Wil sonism. What a wail of pessimism went up when the President signified his intention to push Currency Reform! Groan after groan, sob after sob. The well-known dogs for which the country was head ed were liberated once more from their kennels, and the shadow of Socialism again blotted out the sun of Joy. Now that it is all over, and the Federal Reserve act is a working lact. everybody is almost happy, including the erst while gloomy ones. "Prominent financier," who was thinking of going to the dogs along with the country, has decided to stay awhile. The Federal Reserve Act, that harbingor of Socialism, he announces to be a boon to business." And yet it is what it always was Wilson currency re form. In the language of the poet Poo, "Only this; and noth ing more, r rom ruck. Prohibition and War. FROM THE PEOPLE. The Prohibitionists must have come to the conclusion that Mars is an ally of theirs, as he has al ready greatly extenued the dry territory. It will bo remember ed mat when me present war bejran the Czur if. sued a procla mation pi-'hibiti'ig the sale of vodka, which lie had found very demoralizing to his -troops. Il vas an easy m Kit this prohi'i 13 vodka is a e. It- r tor mm tc n into effect, mr.ont mono poly; and a.i lietiViuall lli3sliop lie can eio.-ts t!en at any time vvithout trouble. It was argued that Russia would never do this; that it could not a I ford it, as it leeds the money so much now, on account of the wa: and could not sacrific the five or six hundred millions it receives in revenue from this source. The French government has reached a similar conclusion in regard to the use of absinthe. And the Cabinet hns sub.-: ilted to Parliament t he proposition that the sale of absinth.; and similar liquors ha made permanent, as it finds that the military decree forbidding the sale has b,:en heneficud to the entire popula tion. It is well, however, to note that the French prohibition is only as to absinthe, n3 wines are not only permitted but are made a part of the rations of the sol diers. Tinicu-l'i'eyune. Judge Teat Quits Attala County. A Jackson d'spateh of recent date says: Judge Jas. A. Teat who until January 1, 1915, pre sided over the circuit courts of the Fifth district anil war, suc ceeded by Judge II. II. Uod'ers, with whom he ran an exciting and memorable runoff race in the second primary, ha:? reached Jackson, where he will practice his profession and will make hi:; home in the future. Judge Teat was considerably in the limelight by reason of being called in ' by Judge Henry to preside at the summer term of criminal court here, at which the case of Lieut. Gov. Theo. G. Bilbo was tried. It was a rather thankless under- t.l 1 ! . . utKing out ne came, sat am tried the case, the result of which is recent history. Judge Teat is a son-in-law ot Judge II, C. Niles, judge of the United States district court in Missisaipii, and has practiced at the Kosciusko and other bars in the Fifth judi cial district for some years. In the beginning of the distress the war brought to America, and especially in the cotton stales, The Herald expressed the opinion that there was no occasion to shed tears over the small farmer of Mississippi that it was the big cotton growers who were entitled to sympathy. To the many cor- oborations of that view the fol lowing from the Neshoba Demo crat is added: "The Delta made more cotton this year than ever be fore but they can't get much fol ic. We have little cotton here but an abundance of peas, corn, hay, oats, molasses and meat. A ft er all we are living in the best section of the state. Let's es chew politics this year as much as possible and make it better. There is more money in it." Vicksburg Herald, :t- Editor the licncon; ' - In the present crisis in agricul tural allairs in the south we are looking toward diversified farm ins as a preventative ot a recur- ence of a similar state of affairs in the future. We re practical ly all agreed that the one-crop system meets with disastrous sooner or later, and that in times of financial distress like the pres ent, tne farmer who practices a diversified system of farming and Makes his living at home, is the one that suffers least. The benefits of diversified farm ing are being ably set, forth in your paper by Mr, J. W. Iladdon and are too numerous to be enum erated here; but I wish to cite a concrete example a3 a means of comparing diversified with spe cialized or "one-crop" farming. During the month of October I was one of a party of 22 men who made a farm business survey of Frederick county, Maryland. In this survey we made a record of every farm, its size, value. acreage, yield and receipt of each crop; an inventory of stock and machinery equipment, the year's expenses, taxes, etc., and from these determined the farm in come, and the labor income of the farmer. Frederick county is a community of thrifty, hard working, home living farmers. Over ninty per cent of the farm ers are following the same crop rotation, namely, corn, wheat, meadow. The meadows are us ually cut for hay one year and pastured the next. Nearly every farmer operates a small dairy, but as this is a new industry for that section their dairy stock were not of a high grade; only a few had silos. Dairying with inferior animals was the weakest point in their 'arming system and this will be reniidied as they learn to appre ciate the value of good stock and silage. The only crops sold were ,vheat, sugar corn, clover seed and occasionally some surplus corn. Practically no feed is ever nought except some concentrates fur the cows. Now as to profits from this kind of farming. The farms are small, ranging from GO to 100 acres. Land value runs from 75 to $200 per acre, and taxes were very high. In spite of high pric ed land, high taxes, etc., these farmers were making labor in comes from $1,000 to ye:.r; By labor income, I meani the amount a tanner has left for his laLor aft :r deducting all of his expenses and interest on his capital from the farm income. A volume could be written on the agriculture of this communi ty, but the few points mentioned wiil show what a well diversified sj stem of fanning has done for one section, I.s mere any logical reason why it would not do as much more for this section? We have many advantages in long growing season, climate, cheap er land, etc. over Maryland, but how many farmers here who are following the one-crop system, can show an annual net income of from r-1,000 to $3,000 on CO to 1G0 acres. M, A. Crosby, ' Agriculturist Car Diminishing Death Rate. A recent Washington says the Census Bureau ently published some cou raging figures she-win; dispatch has ree very en- ; that the death rate is steadily falling in the registration area of the Unit ed States, a pretty fair test of the whole, ;ts it includes ." per cent of Uk- p in:':itim. In r.ii;; .'.-., :. 'h rate was 11. l for each thons.u...; -' i'h- estimat depopulation, which i 'I cv: :"e oi j.) per cent, or one Uraiii ::: eight, from Ki.2, the average from 1S!H to 1!)0.1. If the .same rate had prevailed in lPL.'i as in the years 1!)01 -I ior, there would have been l,)2."i,-14(i deaths instead of S!io,s2;, ixn excess of i;31,(i2;i. The death rate in- the rural dis triets was 12.7 and 15 in the cities. Farm Facta. Give tho Agriculturist ample working capital and you increaso the national stability. Tho workl ia one great corporation of which the farmers are the hiro-rsi shareholders. lte farmers can never L.tio. to be come a .factor in public ofTuii'H unless they work through organized channels. The average farm yields a net income on the investment of 4 per cent and the average business 10 to 30 per cent.' Tho seifiah days of the independent farmer are rapidly passing and we are beginning to catch the vimon and share the profits of organized efTorU. The problem of organizing and sys tematizing agriculture ia one which the farmers invite assistance of all lines of industry friendly to their interests. Cantata at Baptist Church.. An unusually elaborate and beautiful musical programme was Bplendid car ried out at tho First Baptist! church last Friday evening1. The choir assist ed by other local talent gave Gabriel's b. sutiful cantata "The Nazarene, twenty voices taking part. An audience that filled the church to overfbwing heard the music and many expressions of pleasure and.apprecia tion heard since testify to the success of the evening. The cantata starts with the ancient prosphecies of the coming of Christ and after depicting various "scenes of His life, closes with the Resurrection. Mr, Wyatt Jones' excellent redition of the "Prophecy" was greatly enjoyid. He has a voice of marked sweetness of tone and it was excellently suited to this solo. Dr. Barclay gave an artis tic interpretation of his trained solo work in "Blessed Ia He," which called for triumphant notes, and again in pathos when he sang, "The Man of Sorrow." Mrs. McMillin sang with her usual skill and taste "Be Not Af frighted" and "Thou Art The King." Her voice and stage presence are both attractive and always please Macon audiences. This was followed up by a pleasing tenor solo, "The Great Commandment." b y ' M r. Joe J. Scott. Mr. George Richmond fine ly rendered 'jXhe Graves Are Opened" and "The God of Abraham both songs exhibiting the organ -like rich ness of his voice. Mrs. Herzberg, al ways a favorite, sang splendidly a boIo depicting the death on tho cross, and in a quintette, took tho solo part. Solos were also excellently sung by Mrs. Dunn and Miss Bonita Purser. There were duets by Mrs. McMillin and Dr. Barclay, and Mr. Richmond and Dr. Barclay. Another solo much e ijoyd was Gethsemane" by Major Boyd. "The Watered Lillies" by Misses Yates and Jordan and Mrs. Dunn, and "Faith, Hope and Love" by Misses Holt, Pur ser and Dorroh were trios finely rend ered and much enjoyed, as was "Rock of Ages" by Misses Clemens, Bonita and Mattie Purser. There were many other features that deserve mention that lack lads of space denies. The whole programme was gotten up bv Mrs. L'Estelle Barclay, who train ed the singers and directed the music and presided at the organ. The per formance reflected the greatest credit on her. Mrs. Barclay is a graduate of the Milwaukee Conservatory and has studied also in New York and abroad. Her coming here has been a great ad dition to musical circles and her work is markedly affecting music in Macon. Hon. Frank Foote Address Rotarianai The federal reserve banks are not being beseiged with requests for loans, according to IIou. F.W. Foote, of Ilattiesburg, director of the federal reserve bank for this district. In an address before the Rotary club, of Jackson, at its meeting yesterday, 31r. Foote stated that the reserve bank for this district has resources of about $9,000,000 and the loans thus far made do not exceed 700,000. At some length Mr. Foote dis cussed general financial conditions in the United States, and his views were of a hopeful nature, En forced economy, he said, is go ing to have a wholesome ellect on the tmblic generally, while the crippling of European industries as a result of the war will give American manufacturers a decid ed advantage in the light for for eign trade. Mr. Foote also spoke of the plan of operation adopted by the federal reserve banks, referring es pecially to the character of secur ity required The bank will con sider only "liquid paper" as col lateral, and under no circum stances will it accept mercantile paper that has been renowed from year to year. "It's a good idea to make every man pay his debts occasionally,'' said Mr. Foote. "The man who is careless aJUout paying up, even though he may be perfectly solv ent, is usually the fellow who does not require others to pay him, and that class of mercantile paper will not be accepted by the reserve banks. " Clarion-Ledger. To the Voters of District Three: I am a candidate for Justice of the Peace in place of I. W. Smith, resign ed. Election to be held January 29, 1915. Your vote will be appreciated. Respectfully, Jan. 14th. W. O. Uaknes, Sh. Notice! Notice! j ! When in need of , Plumbing Pipe Fining Sanitary Sewer Work ' set Jno. S. McDavid Ha will do it for test A FAMOUS NOXUBEEAN. Few people of Noxubee know, that this county has produced so eminent a scholar and noted a poet as the author oftho lines accompanying this article. Thomas Albert Smith Adams was born ia'Noi ubee county in 18:50, and educated at Salem school. Ho was a brother of John K. Adams and the late Mr. Lem Adams. lie early showed marked literary tastes and abil ity, and was sent to the University .of Mississippi. Ho later graduated with high honors from Emory and Henry College in Virginia. He then enterod the Methodist ministry, ' Mobile conference. Later he was transferred to the North Mississippi conference. . He was chaplain of the 11th Mississippi Eegiment, - volunteers. ' . ; . Mr. Adams early won eminence in his churchy, filling important stations," and serving at the head of church educational institutions, notably Centenary college. lie was mad? a Doctor of Divinity by Ox ford. He died suddenly of apoplexy in Jackson, in 1889. Asa preacher, Mr. Adams was brilliant and pro found. Poetical, philosophical, spiritual and logi cal, scholarly and original, as a teacher and preacher he was distinguished. He knew Greek, Latin and Hebrew, and several modern languages. He was an able controversialist. But poetry was his passion and his luxury. "Eascotidio,n, or the Shadow of Death" was his chief work, though he wrote much sliort verse of great excellence. In Enscotidion there, are appoaches to Dantean realism and suggestions of Miltouic sweep and gran , deur. The poem received high praise from able critics.- It was published in 1876. It is believed that only the unpropritious times in the south pre vented the poems receiving the fame it deserved and tho author the literary honors due him. The excerpt from the poem is taken from the Library of Southern Literature and from the biogra"-" phical and critical review in that publication the above sketch is gathered. His genius and ability is given high praise and prominence. The description of war and its evils is timely just now and aptly pic tures present scenes in Europe. N ENSCOTIDION, or SHADOW OF DEATH "And art thou ignorant," Ambition said, "Of all my mighty deeds, despotic Death? Go ask you spectral armies of the dead Who sent them hither. Yes, I wear a wreath, In winning which I dared thee to thy teeth; And having won, I wear. No boasting vain Has ever once been uttered by my breath. To truckle to the proudest I disdain, And here hurl back defiance to thy teeth again." At this the monarch smiled a ghastly smile, And, in cajoling accents, thus replied: "Hold, noble spirit 1 but reflect awhile -How honors scatter in a storm of pride. Pause now, and all resentment lay aside, And say not what thou wilt, but what thou hast Accomplished. Mark, thy worth is not denied; But show thy trophies of achievements past, And let all know the worth of them, from first to last." Pleased at his speech, Ambition took his crown Of flowers from his brow, and, bending low Besides the monarch's throne, he laid it down; Then next his armor proffered to bestow. He then proceeded pompously to show What meant the various marks and scars it bore; ' These served to let a race of dastards know The matchless prowess of the man that wore, And those were made by foots who ne'er should battle more. "And, lo!" said he, "where I have been and hurled Princes and palaces together down, . And wrought the ruin of a peaceful world, . To build a temple or gain a crown. Are nations haughty or luxurious grown? ' ;' . I give them up a war, rapine, and sack; ' The people's household gods are overthrown; Their pillaged homes and temples, charred and black, Are guide-posts to Diseases rnd Eamine on my track "Mf trophies thou wouldst see? Lo, yonder lie Ten thousand putrefying carcasses I Breathe their sweet odor, reeking to the sky, ' " And feel the gnawing of thy hunger less ! Go to that mother, in her deep distress, And marked her tears, as I have often done; Go heal her broken heart, her wrongs redress, By telling her of the valor of that son , Whose face divine she never more shall look upon. "Ask yonder wretch, whom unrelenting Fate Has dragged from wealth to utter penury, Why now he wanders homeless, desolate, Begging his bread of earth's cold charity. ' Ask of that broken-hearted maid if he She loved returned, but, base, betrayed her trust. Her sobs will answer 'No,' most bitterly; He fell a victim to Ambition's lust, And in a nameless grave he moulders back to dust. "Ask of the sorrowing father, whom rude Time Has left hut hoary looks, and furrowed cheeks, And tottering steps, and withered hopes, behindj Aspiring manhood's miserable wreck; And if he heave a sigh, and fail to speak, Ask of that pale-faced widow why that child Ne'er looks for father now; and she will break Her silence with the voice of wailing wild The wail of heart once happy in a land that smiled. "The ruthless steel my right hand steeps in blood, The left the fagot brandishes on high; With one I ponr on earth a crimson flood, And with the other light the midnight sky '' With horrid conflagration. Hark 1 a cry Rises amid yon ruins, as they fall; - It is a hopeless people there that die To leave a niche within some temple's wall For such as Alexander, Caesar, Hannibal. "The blooming earth becomes a wilderness - ' Where'er I tread. Behold yon distant skies, Where Lucifer, disdaining to be less, Dared e'en against Omnipotence to rise ! There first confusion in the symphonies Of seraph-harps I made, and angels fell; Down came the host, and, passing paradise, Dragged man along, with all his seed, to swell The mighty avalanche, upon its way to hell. Mercy weeps sadly o'er her daughter, Peaoe, ho, murdered by my hand, before her lies; Love the lust rite performs at her decease, 1 hen lifts the dewy curtains of her eyes Cerulean, drops a tear, and heavenward flies, lo join her sisters in that region where No hitter enmities, nor tears, nor sigh, Nor blasted hopes, nor comfortless despair, Waits on the wretched race whose heritage is care." He ceased and proudly waved his hand, and War Called up his millions in a serried host And Famine led a train extending far ' O'er many a weary league of that drear coast; Murder came up; and then the pallid ghost Of Pestilence breathed foulest odors o'er The moving multitude. "These I can boast As mine, O Death ! I thou demandest more. My honors and my sword I here to thee restore "