Newspaper Page Text
THE MACON BEACON, MACON, MISS.
SAY GERMAN DEAD MORE THAN FFSENCH GERMAN WEDGE IS SPLIT French Record Important Gains Forest of Le Pretre Three Furious Battles Fought. In f-ARIS TAKES ISSUE WITH BER LIN ON MORTALITY REPORTS OF WAR OFFICE. ARTILLERY DUELS PROCEED Battle for Trenches from Sea to the 8wiss Border Soldiers Keep Up Continual Fight in Mud and Snow. Talis. An official statement issued here said: "Recent German communications re garding French losses in the last few weeks are entirely erroneous. Our losses are less by more than half than those given by the German general staff. Moreover, it has been found, estimating by the dead left on the field, that in all the actions in recent months the German lo.-sea have been greater than those of the French." London. The battle for the trenches In Flanders and France continues al most without cessation from the sea to the Swiss border. In the mud of Flanders, the floods of the Alsne Valley and the snows of the Argonne and the Vosges, the sol diers of Germany and the allied na tions keep up a continual fight to hold what they possess and take something from that held by the enemies. According to a long French official report of the fighting during the past two months this method of siege op erations has favored the allies, who, while they have gained ground on al most every part of the front, have been forced to give way In only one region that of Soissons. They are being put to a test, however, similar to that which obliged them to retire from north of the Alsne, near Sols sons, because the Germans, realizing the danger to their communications with Metz as a result of the French advance near Pont-a-Mousson, have Bent re-enforcements there and have begun a battle for the positions they lost during the past week. The Ger mans apparently have regained a por tion of them, and fighting for the re mainder continues. At other points, particularly near St. Mihiel and in Alsace, there have been Infantry engagements, but on the whole the artillery continues to be the busiest arm. LOST TRENCHES RETAKEN Official German Report Telli of the French Repulse and Success En gagements Are Local. Berlin. Although spirited fighting Is in progress along the western battle front, the official German statement shows the engagements are of merely local character. The French made re peated attacks near Arras and south of St. Mihiel, but were repulsed. The Germans captured trenches near Ber-ry-Au-Bac and Pont-A-Mousson, but lost ground about Notre Dame de Lo fette. A Russian defeat In a small en gagement In East Prussia is an nounced. "In the western theater of war only artillery duels took place between the coast and the Lys. Trenches at Notre Dame de Lorette, which we occupied on the day before, were lost again. "Northeast of Arras the French re peatedly attacked both sides of the high road from Arras to Lille, but were repulsed. Southwest of Berry. Au-Bac we took two trenches from tiie French and kept them, notwith standing their fierce counter-attacks." London. Three furious battles at widely separated points of the battle front and a spectacular battle between gunners manning high angle guns and a detaclimeut of German aviators were recorded in official reports from French and German headquarters. A field 'arsenal in La Bolselle, north east of Albert, was blown up by the bursting of a German shell and part of the town was set afire, forcing the French to evacuate under tire from the German batteries and quick-firing guns, according to the French report, which adds, however, that the French troops were reassembled and Imme; dlately directed a vigorous counter-attack against the town, recapturing their former positions in the village. Berlin claims to have reoccupled the churchyard of the village, driving the French out in a terrific bayonet attack and capturing three officers and 100 men. Renewed attacks against the posi tion of the French to the west of Sois sons were reported. The Germans bombarded the village of St. Paul and attempted two attacks against the French earthworks to the northeast of VIc-sur-AIsne, near Autreche, but were met by such a violent fire from the French batteries and quick-firers thai they were forced to retire. GUTIEIMSHE IS STILL PRESIDENT ORDERS VILLA AND ZAPATA DE POSED FROM COMMAND OF MEXICAN ARMIES. SAYS THEY ARE BRIGANDS ONLY BIG GUNS ARE USED Heavy Snow in France and Flanders Forces Armies to Rely on Their Artillery. London. Heavy snowfalls In France and in Flanders have confined fighting almost entirely to artillery engage ments. There has been one exception, however, southwest of Verdun, near Pont-a-Mousson, where the French are reported to have approached a few hundred yards nearer the German frontier. Military men attach considerable im portance to operations in this region, for, they say, in conjunction with the continued French pressure on the Ger man lines west of the fortress of Perthes they will check, if successful, German operations against Verdun, around which they have had a half circle drawn since they invaded France. Though the British and French press continues to discuss the probability of fresh German attempt to break through the French line barring the way to Paris, the Germans so far have failed to follow up their success about Soissons. Their troops are more or less Inactive beyond the River Aisne and the only activity shown in that vicinity has been the bombard ment of St. Paul. ZEPPELINS IN DARING RAID RUSSIAN ADVANCE IS SLOW Petrograd Claims Attacks Repulsed With Losses to Enemy Isolated Attacks In Poland. London. In Poland and Western Ga llcia the Germans and Austrlans con tinue isolated attacks against the Rus sian lines, which, according to the Uusslan report, have been repulsed with heavy losses to the attacking forces. The Russians are advancing slowly through the mountains separating Bu kowlna and Transylvania, and are ap proaching Derna-Watra, a town of some Importance near the Roumanian border. It is believed the Turkish Caucasian army will not retire to Krzerum, but will be put in readiness for defense against the Russians when they decide to advance. It is considered likely, however, that the Russians will be con tent for the present with successes al ready gained in this region and turn their attention to Turkish forces In Azerbaijan before invading Turkey. May Have Been Aeroplane. London. A Yarmouth dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company says It was an aeroplane and not a Zeppe lin which attacked that city. The ma chine later visited Sherlngham, five miles from Cromer, and dropped two bombs. Towns on East Coast of England Suf fer from Bomb Attack Raid Causes Terror. London. German Zeppelins have raided the Norfolk coast in the first of the threatened air attacks on Eng land. Five persons were killed and exten sive damage was done in the city of Yarmouth and the seacoast towns of Cromer, Beeston, King's Lynn and Sherlngham. The hostile craft bombarded Sand rlngham, the favorite country estate of King George and Queen Mary. Their majesties had left the palace only a few hours earlier for London, probably escaping grave peril. The raid was carried out In utter darkness, the air craft picking their course by search light flashes. A report has been received here from HunBtanton, a few miles north of Sandringbam, that a Zeppelin has been brought to earth. It Is believed Brit ish aeroplanes fought the Zeppelins In the dark. London became panicky following reports of the air incursion, and all constables were called out at midnight to watch for flashes from the search lights of the invading craft. Will Try to Form Alliance with Obre gon, Villareal, Gonzales and Other Chiefs Hitherto Loyal to Carranza. Washington. Gen. Eulalio Gutier rez, elected provisional president of Mexico by the convention at Aguas Calientes, has not abandoned bis claim to that office with bis departure from Mexico City. In a proclamation issued from Pachucah, and Teported to the state department, Gutierrez, as serting that he is the legally chosen executive, charges that the conven tlon, which reassembled at Mexico City, was under military coercion. He formally declares Villa, Zapata and other generals deposed from their commands. This proclamation, which Is vitraul- ly the same as the manifesto Gutier rez offered to issue two weeks ago, wnlle he still was in the capital, if Gen. Obregon and others would join liim in a movement to eliminate Villa and Zapata, accuses both of the lat ter, officers of murder, brigandage and high-handed insubordination, declares independence of arranza as well and calls on the Mexican nation for sup port. With several thousand well-armed troops, according to consular dis patches, Gutierrez has moved north from Pachucah, and it is believed he is heading for San Luis Potosi. His action brings three vival factions into the field of Mexican politics, each claiming to exercise the sovereignty of government. The hope of Gen. Gutierrez, accord ing to official dispatches, appears to be to form a junction with Gens. Ob regon, Villareal and Gonzales and such other chiefs hitherto loyal to Carranza as he believes will agree to eliminate not only the first chief, but also Villa and Zapata. NO NEW PROJECT AIDED Harbors Bill Is Passed by House All Efforts to Amend or Block It Are Failure. Washington. The rivers '.and har bors appropriation bill, carrying more than $54,000,000, passed the house by" a vote of 1C4 to 81. The bill now goes to the senate, where a protracted fight is expected. All efforts to Wbck or substantially amend the bill failed In the house, and the measure will go to the senate vir tually as reported by the house com mittee. Amendment after amendment was voted down. - Nearly every item drew an attack, but the majority, urged on by Demo cratic leaders, overwhelmed opposi tion. Only three or four small items were stricken out. Of these one, which would have provided $150,000 to com plete surveys and plans for the Muscle Shoals project in the Tennessee river, occasioned a lively discussion. Repre sentative Lenroot, of Wisconsin, de nounced the item as an entering wedge for an $18,000,000 project. The bill authorizes no new project, the $34,000,000 being apportioned to continue Improvements already under way, with provision Xor examinations and surveys in various places. The larger allotments of the money appro priated include $7,385,000 for the Mis sissippi river; $3,184,000 for the Ohio; $1,250,000 for the Missouri, and $1,385,- 000 for the Columbia (in addition to $600,000 for the Columbia and Lower Wllllamette). The only item of consequence elim inated besides that for Muscle Shoals would have provided $150,000 for the Arkansas river. The $5,000,000 carried in the rivers and harbors bill for the Mississippi river will be increased to $6,000,000 in the senate. Of this sum more than one-half will be devoted to the con struction, repair and maintenance of levees. NEW DORMITORY AT HATTiESBURG READY FORMAL OPENING AT MISSISSIPPI HALL TO TAKE PLACE SOON. BUILDING COST $85,000.00 Most Complete Educational Structure of Its Kind In South General In vitation to Attend Sent Out $85,000 Dormitory. CONFESSES; THEN SUICIDES DOOR OF OPPORTUNITY OPEN South America Fertile Field for tion's Trade, Farrell Tells De gates to Trade Convention 6 FRENCH ATTACK IN CENTER Paris Claims Advance Toward Roads Leading to Metz Hard Fight In Argonnes. London. Battles both in the east and the west now consist largely of ar tillery engagements, with occasional Infantry attacks. The French claim further progress In the region of Pont-a-Mousson, to which military men at tach much Importance. It Is predicted that the Germans will launch a heavy offensive as fhey did with great suc cess at Soissons to put a stop to the French advance towards the roads leading to Metz. The Germans captured more trenches in the Argonnes, but accord ing to it he French official report thej were retaken. Use Artillery. Vienna. "la Poland and In Western Galicla," says an official communica tion, "the fighting Is confined to artil lery engagements, while In the Car pathians nothing has occurred " Germans and Portuguese Fight. Lisbon. Portugal la in a singular situation. German forces have Invaded Portuguese Angola, and fighting be tween German and Portuguese forces has been In progress there for two months. Yet neither has declared war Clear Transtchorokh. Petrograd. Headquarters of the army of the Caucasus Issued this state ment: "We continue pursuit of the Turkish army and are clearing the region of Transtchorokh of the enemy." St. Louis. "One week of the Euro pean war did more than ten years of aisidemic discussion to convince the American people that foreign trade is a vital element In domestic prosper ity. No doubt remains that the na tion is determined to see Its foreign commerce safe-guarded and also in creased." This statement was made by James A. Farrell, president of the United States Steel Corporation, in an ad dress at a banquet to delegates to the foreign trade convention in session here. Mr. Farrell continued "What advantage or disadvantage the war will bring us depends largely upon its changes In industrial trade relations that can not be forecasted. Meanwhile the interests of the United States are sufficient to warrant proper respect for neutral commerce, and the United States will, In main taining Its trade at as high level as a just regard for belligerent interests permits, serve the larger and perma nent interests of those not engaged in hostilities. "Whatever may be the political out come of the European war, it is appar ent that each of the belligerents will find it essential vigorously to pursue Its foreign trade to repair the ravages of its domestic commerce, to provide labor to soldiers returned to peaceful pursuits and to ameliorate the burden of taxation." ALTER SHIP PURCHASE BILL Democrats Would Meet Objections Re publicans of House Have Made. Caucus Action Not Final. Washington. Important amend ments to the government ship pur chase bill were discussed at a caucus of Democrats with a view to perfect ing the measure so as to reduce oppo sition from Republican sources. NO final action was taken. All amend ments were referred to the commerce committee, which wBl report to an other caucus later. Cotton Being Loaded. Galveston. Loading of 11,000 bales of cotton on the steamer Dacia, sus pended when the controversy over her transfer arose, was resumed and will be completed soon. No Authority for Embargo. Washington. President Wilson has no authority to declare an embargo on exports of wheat and foodstuffs, he told callers. Such authority must come from congress, he said, adding that he had not investigated the constitu tionality of such a step. Germans on Offensive. Amsterdam. "Heavy artillery fight ing has been heard around Ypres, where the Oormans have taken an active offensive," says the Sluts corre spondent of the Telegraaf, 1 Chicago Distiller Shoots Self on Train After Telegraphing Ahead for. Undertaker. Chicago. Rather than face the pen itentiary as a confessed forger of $50,- 000 to whiskey warehouse receipts, Charles Ledowsky, 50 years old, pres ident of the Fox River Distilling com pany, for which a receiver was ap pointed this week, shot and killed him self on a train Just as it reached Chi cago. The Continental and Commercial Bank of Chicago was the heaviest loser of a dozen banks that have handled Ledowsky's paper, attorneys said. The Continental and Commercial holds pa per on which it advanced $50,000. Most of the receipts are on Kentucky concerns. Ledowsky confessed his forgeries to his attorneys ten days ago, according to Benjamin F. Straus, a note broker, who testified in a hearing before the referee in bankruptcy. "He said he did not know whether to shoot himself or go to the peniten tiary ,"v said Straus. Ledowsky was on a Clchigan Cen tral train. He telegraphed ahead to an undertaker, requesting him to meet the train and take care of his body, as he intended to kill himself. An involuntary petition in bank ruptcy vas filed against Ledowsky's company, scheduling assets of $20,000 against liabilities of $350,000 or $300, Hattiesburg. The formal opening of Mississippi Hall, the new $$5,000 dormitory completing the series of three for the normal college, will take place soon, according to President Joe Cook. The building, said to be the most complete educational structure of Its kind in the south, was to have been opened by now, but at the last min ute changes ordered by the architect to make sure its completeness and thoroughness, necessitated a delay. A general Invitation to all Hatties burg to attend the opening exercises, and to Inspect the building, from base ment to roof, will be extended, Prof. Cook Bald. With the completion of the new building, the normal college will have three dormitories unsurpassed in any respect by the other southern educa tional institutions. The two compan ion buildings, Forrest County Hall and Hattiesburg Hall, with the new one now practically completed, constitute the series. "CAWFOe LIVER. BOWELS For sick headache, bad breath,. . Sour Stomach and constipation. FIRE PREVENTION MEETING. 000. I POPULATION IS INCREASING Eatimated That Population of United States Will Pass Hundred Million Mark Soon. Washington. The population of continenta United States will pass the hundr d million mark within the next thre months, according to two estimates hiade public by government bureaus. Geographer C. D. Sloane es timated that tfie population would be 100,000,059 at 4 p.m. April 2. Govern ment Actiiary J. S. McCoy of the treas ury deptment calculated that it would be100,016,022 on Feb. 1. The cnsus bureau estimate was based ca the Increase between 1900 and 1910, and Indicated that the coun try wSild contain 100,399,318 persons July U 1920. The 1900 census showed a population of 75,994,575, while the 1910 figure was 91,972,266. Acfiary McCoy arrived at his con cliiHims by including the factor of natufal increase, which, he said, would augnlent the simple increase consid ered in the census bureau figures. en ms bureau officials said decreased imnigration due to the war and re strictive legislation would overcome thai factor. U. S. Cotton to Germany. ndon. An Amsterdam dispatch to thf Central News stated that the American steamer Pathfinder, with a go of cottc from America for Ger- ny, had arrived at Ymulden. Woman's Murder Mystery. Pittsburgh. Mystery surrounds the ath of Mrs. Minnie Hunter, whose ody was found by her husband, Frank lunter, a machinery manufacturer, In cedar chest in their home. Miners on Strike. Roosevelt, N. J. One man was fa-' tally wounded and 18 others, all strik ing employes of the American Agricul tural Chemical company, were shot President's report Shows Nearly Mil lion Dollars Spent. Jackson. Nearly a million dollars has been spent by the fire departments of the various towns in Mississippi during the past three years for im provements, according to figures com piled by President I. B. Beard of the Mississippi Society for the Prevention of Fires, at the annual meeting of that organization in the assembly hall of the Jackson Board of Trade. Pres ident Beard's report was largely a re sume of the work of the society since its organization in 1912. He said, in part: "While the work of this organiza tion is not apparent in the loss ratio of 1914, the improvements that have been made In towns were meetings have been held will approximate $873,806 distributed as follows: Greenwood $ 69,010.00 Laurel 147,867.00 Gulfport 15,774.00 Vicksburg 260,000.00 Hattiesburg 32,070.00 Canton 12,000.00 Meridian ,. 18,835.00 Brookhaven 16,250.00 Clarksdale 85,045.00 Jackson 200,705.00 MoComb City 26,000.00 Watef Valley 550.00 'i- 4 Get a 10-cent box now. No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; bow much your bead aches, bow miserable and uncomfort able you are from constipation, Indiges tion, biliousness and sluggish bowels you always get the desired results with Cascarets. Don't let your stomach, liver and bowels make you miserable. Take Cascarets to-night; put an end to the headache, biliousness, dizziness, nerv ousness, sick, sour, gassy stomach, backache and all other distress; cleanse your Inside organs of all the bile, gases and constipated matter which is producing, the misery. A 10-oent box means health, happfc ness and a clear head for months. No more days of gloom and distress If you will take a Cascaret now and then. All stores sell Cascarets. Don't forget the children their little iot sides need a cleansing, too. Adv. AS IT APPEARED TO EBEN Total $873,806.00 'These figures are not exact in each Instance but are as near as could be obtained at this time. Let it also be understood that the society does not take credit tor these improvements in their entirety. We do state, however, that a large proportion of this work has been done after conference with the society and In many Instances where Improvements were under way, change has been made to make such Improvements of a more permanent and substantial character. BANK LOSES CASE. Supervisor Powers of the Mississippi Board of Examiners Upheld. Jackson. Applying the rule of law, as presented to him, as well as the rule of reason and expediency, In the case Btyled Bank of Oxford vs. J. S. Love et al, wherein the supervisory and regulatory powers of the state board of bank examiners over state banks 1b vigorously attacked, Chan cellor O. B. Taylor handed down a de cree sustaining the demurrer to the bill as filed by Assistant Attorney General Ethridge and incidentally up holding the law of 1914. The case was argued before the chancellor, who took matters under consideration. The Bank of Oxford claimed that under the charter granted by the Leg islature, which has been effective since 1972, supervisory powers were vested in Us body of stockholders, under such rules of law and regula tions which such body or company might see fit and proper to adopt or apply. It was contended that such rights as claimed should be absolute, and outside the bounds of legal re straint .or such legal regulation ar might be Imposed in the future. Surely Was Something of a Miracle a Event Was Explained by the Minister. Here Is one. of George W. Cable' good southern stories: "In a town in Georgia lives an old colored fellow who is a real thorn in the side of the local ministers, for the old fellow Is always asking embarrass ing questions of them touching mooted theological points," says. Mr. Cable. "One day old Eben had a long and earnest discussion with his pastor In reference to just what constituted a miracle. ' The minister found it no easy matter to make his ideas clear to Eben. " Tpose, now,' said the preacher, 'dat de greatest of all de miracles was dat of de loaves and fishes. You 'member, of co'ce, dat dere was five thousand loaves and two thousand fishes which was eaten by the twelve apostles.' " Sho', I 'member,' replied old Eben, with a smile, 'an' it always 'peared to me dat de miracle was dat dey didn't ' bust!" The Sunday Magazine. Proof Positive. Visitor The dear baby has got Its grandmother's nose. Aggrieved Papa Np, it hasn't, for she was around here this morning poking it into our business. The Bore. "I hate to ask Jinks about hi health." "Why?" "He promptly tells me all about If Knlcker dog life? Bocker-sled. Poor Fldol -Do they lead a cat-and- -Yes, only the dog is mu Not Supplying the Two. The Angry One For two cents I'd knock your block off! , . The Calm One Well, you won't get your working capital from me. . The New York thief who stole a bar rel of ink will probably get a term in the pen. Close relatives can be very distant if they are rich. BAD DREAM3 Caused by Coffee. Home Is Crowded. Biloxi. The Jefferson Davis home at Beauvoir has reached the highest point in its history as regards num ber of inmates, being now 224, with a niimber away on leaves of absence, ac cording to Capt. J. K. Mosby. Caught a Fugitive. Meridian. Sam Strop, one of ths three negroes who escaped from ths city Jail by sawing out the windows of a cell, was captured near Jackson riiirlmr'n. clanh between severnf Tiim. . . . , . ... mu orougni obck nere to serve nut dred strikers and 60 sheriffs deputies, the remainder of his sentence. 'I have been a coffee drinker, more or less, ever since I can remember, un til a tew months ago I became more and more nervous and irritable, and finally I could not sleep at night for I was horribly disturbed by dreams of all sorts and a species of distressing nightmare. Finally, after hearing the experi ence of numbers of friends who had quit coffee and were drinking Postum, and learning of the great benefits they had derived, I concluded coffee must be the cause of my trouble, so I got some Postum and had It made strictly according to directions. "I was astonished at the flavor and taste. It entirely took the place of coffee, and to my very great satisfac tion, I began to sleep peacefully and sweetly. My nerves Improved, and I wish i could wean every man, woman and child from the unwholesome drug drink coffee. "People do not really appreciate or realize what a powerful drug It Is and what terrible effect It has on the hu man system. If they did, hardly a pound of coffee would be sold. I would never think of going back to coffee again. I would almost as soon think of putting my hand In a Are after 1 had once been burned. Yours for health." Postum comes in two forms: . Regular Postum must be well boiled. 15o and 25o packages. Instsnt Postum Is a soluble pow der. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly in a cup of hot water Bnd, with cream and sugar, makes a delicious beverage Instantly. 80o and 60c tins. The cost per cup of both kinds is about the same. "There's a Reason" for Postum. sold by Grocers.