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-'-,' : .'AI THE MACON BEACON 66th YEAR MACON, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY. MARCH 5. 1915. NUMBER 2a Thought From the Aberdeen Examiner ' (Mm. 8. A, Jona, Editor.) Our Actual Condition. There is no country In the world that has less cause for complaint ana repining tnap the cotton south. No country In which industry can more consistently claim its awards In regard to our great staple, source ana rounaation or wealth we can connaentiy count on pro fitable markets in nine years out of ten, and every other line of farming industry if carefully pur suoa, promises a living, we oo casionally hear a "cry-baby" per iod of price reduction such as af flicts all other lines in all other sections, but no calamity follows ana no evil tnat tne next season cannot cure; ana alter ail, do we ever realize any real benefit from unusually high prices, and do they not ortener prove aeaaeLers than enliveners of trade. If we could have a guaranteed price of ten cents a pound for cotton, this country would roll in wealth, and this we would have if the farmers all made their own supplies and were able to control the selling of their crops instead of racing to re luctant markets. The war has had little to do this season with the price of cotton. It has been selling for about all it is worth considering the immensity of the supply. On the other hand. wheat would not on account of the enormous surplus of 300,000,000 Dusneis. sell tor cost oi production this season if it was not for the war demand. Govtrnmint Road Malntalntnc. : If the government should enter upon a general plan of road build ing we would witness the greatest system of log rolling known to American machine politics. Every congressional district would clam mor for representation in the pool ing of speils, and at an expendi ture compared to which Panama would be insignificant every val ley, plain and mountain would witness the grading, bridging and tunneling essential to road mak ing. Equality in distribution would inevitably be demanded which would result in inequality of conditions when the scheme was consumed. On the other hand, if congress passed a road maintain, ence bill the expenditure would be reduced fully ninety per cent: pol itical log-rolling would be ruled out of the equation, and local en terprise created and stimulated. The policy of the government should be to determine the best and most economical good roads method for each locality, based upon the supply and availability of building material and surface and drainage conditions; and sub mit plans and estimates to the var ious counties, fixing the appro priation at a certain amount per mile for each character of road when constructed , in accordance with government plans and speci fications as approved by engineers in charge. This plan would stim ulate local pride and emulation, give the country a splendid, sys tem of roads, and absolutely crush political influence in such behalf. age meets with little respect or ap plause from the enormous mass of farmers to whom cotton, making is a trade transmitted from genera tlon to generation and the only trade they thoroughly understand In view of existing conditions and the mysteries of the future the Examiner now as always counsels as the only safe policy the making of essential food crops and all the cotton possible as a standby and a surplus, to be carefully handled and Judiciously marketed. Ao to War Duration. Of course it is tolerably wicked to hope far a prolongation of the European war, and we do not bar bor such a longing. Yet we fully realize that most of tne good reso lutions born to the farmers through existing conditions are as frail as card houses or hillocks in the sand, and demand time and habits to assure endurance. Xf tne war ended today the old order of things would be renewed tomorrow, but if it lasts, as is probable several years, the new order of things will hare taken root and be as hard to eradicate as the modes and moods of our grand fathers. This is a queer old world that we live in, but we did not make it, and it was though "wars and rumors of war'' that it reached its present state. For thousands of years yet to come we will not witness the lying down of the lion and "the lamb together except when the stated lion is gorged with mutton. ' lie is a very presumptious man who will venture upon predictions with regard to the size or fate of the next cotton crop. It will be noted that all of the croakers and prophets of evil up-to-date have widely missed the bull's eye and it must be realized that their chorus of reduction of cotton acre- In the war zone of Europe they are preparing to utilize every acre of available land for the produc tlon of root crops for the maln tainence of the army and people. and prizes are being offered for the earliest harvests. Millions of acres heretofore planted in sugar beets and grain, will be given to pota toes, turnips, cabbage, beets, car rots and pumpkins. The wise southern farmer will follow this, example and on a small acreage vastly improve the quantity and quality of his food supply for his family and stock. In France and England they are temporarily con verting their great parks into sheep and cattle pastures with a view to increase the meat supply, History records no race possess ing our advantages and opportun ities. Here in the south to the land owner there is but a narrow gap between poverty and affluence, and any man with health and will can easily bridge it. Poverty is crime to tne owner of a dozen or two arable acres and is absolutely unknown among that class in otb er countries where industry is bur dened by all kinds of imposts and exactions, it is pitiable to see strong men soliciting petty credits for articles of absolute mainten ance, wl-o should be in the market as lenders of money. But it takps all kinds of people to make a world ine ton on a vessel! passing through the great canal, is 91.20 per ton, and the expense of the haul is about $300, making a total tor a thousand ton ship $1,500, and tor a five thousand ton vessel $6, duu. jnow those who favored ex emption for the protected and fav ored American coasting vessels vot ed to surrender this great sum to the shipping trust that gave noth ing in return, and yet certain ad vocates of that measure opposed as "subsidy" the President's ship purchase bill. , The suspension and apparent lauure of the President's ship pur chase bill, has been a heavy blow to the cotton producers having deadened the export market by leaving the shipping in the hands of the shipping trust with its enormous profits and dividends. The blow is not so severe to the wheat growing interests, as the war demand compels sales and ex ports regardless of freight and handling charges. The Talmud tells us that "the way to keep the streets of Jerusa lem clean is for every man to sweep before his own door." This maxim is pecularly applicable to agricul ture. Every farmer knows what is best to be done so far as his own holding is concerned, and it is his bounden duty to apply the broom whether his neighbor sweeps ornot. With every one sweeping order must come out of chaos and gener al prosperity ensue. That there will be many sacri. hces ot neutral ships and cargoes during the pending war is certain. and there seems'to be little chance of avoiding these disasters or of requital except by treaty when hostilities cease. But there is no excuse for murder such as is, in volved in torpedoing by subma rines of merchant ships without warning. , How about that "secret caucus" in senator Bank-head's room, where seven conspiring senators devised ways and means for the defeat of the President's ship pur chase billt Several of those sena tors had basis for their action as they naturally supported the ship ping trust that was a local inter est, but no such motive stimulat ed the others. ' A prominent cotton buyer re marked last week that he would not be surprised to see October cot ton selling at eleven cents. We do not know the basis of his ex pectations but as a guess it istabout as solvent as the mass of views pervading the cotton world. Political Speaking. After sneaking in Brooksville Tues day evening, Marion W. Reily, candl date for governor, and John C. Shef field, candidate for state treasurer, came on to Maaon Wednesday morning, and at ten-thirty addressed the voters of this section in the court house, There was a fairly good crowd on hand, including some ladles, and much inter est was evinced by the audience. Mr. Sheffield led off In the speaking, hls'address consuming only about ten mlnutesi He Is a young man of twen ty-six, and was a member of the legist lature from Tate county. He told of his life and early surroundings and his fitness and ambition. Mr. Sheffield made many friends while here. Our people had a great deal of curios Ity to hear Mr. Reily and those who took the trouble to come, were well re paid, for he Is certainly an entertain tagjspeaker and held his audience to I man from start to finish. He has the Irish wit and his speech was reolete with amusing anecdotes that were ex ceedingly apposite to the matter In hand. In good substantial matter such as becomes 'a candidate for Governor of a great state to proclaim, discuss and stand for, Mr. Reily's speech was not lacking, and his views, principles and the things he believes In were stat ed with a clearness, boldnesa and frank ness that command respect even from those who may oppose him. Frankness indeed was the marked characteristic of bis speech. He said at the beginning, that he had no faction back of him, only his char acter, his reputation and the principles he stood for. He hoped that when the people came to know him and to know his principles and purpose that be would be backed by the best thought and principles of the peo ple of the state. He stood on one side, the other four candidate on the other. If he was right he ought to be elected; if not, some other man ought to be. Among the things, he believed in, was a juvenile reformatory; a youth ful criminal should not be thrown with hardened criminals and have his -crwn- mality fixed in him; he ought to be re formed, if possible. He believed in the parole system of prisoners. It was bet' ter for the state and cheaper, better for the prisoner and better for humani ty. He favored a change in the peni tentiary and the working of most of the convicts on public highways. The system had been tried in Georgia with great success. Raising cotton with convict labor in competition with the free labor of our farmers was wrong in principle, even if it but slightly affect ed the price of cotton. He was might ily opposed by people who had jobs with the penitentiary. Mr. Reily devoted more attention to Mr. Bilbo than to all the other of his opponents put together. He refrained from any abuse, but came at him with anecdotes and good-naUred fun. He read from (he Issue, Mr. Bilbo's paper, articles in 1913 which endorsed the juvenile reformatory, the parole sys tem and convicts on public highways, all of which, he said, Mr. Bilbo now opposing since he (Reily) had taken them up. On the liquor question he was parti cularly strong and favored a law that forbade "having, handling or using' ntoxicating liquor. He knew the harm and sorrow whiskey caused, and was against it altogether, and in favor of fixing it so that city dwellers could not have it any more than the people who lived in remote districts. Hon. Charles Strong presided over the meeting and introduced the speak' ers in his usual able and felicitous man ner. The crowd was estimated at about two hundred. SPRING 1915 HEADQUARTERS "ROYAL SOCIETY PACKAGE GOODS We wish to call attention to the fact our line of Dry Goods is nearing completion. Everything in various items have been se lected with great care to offer you newest Merchandise at prices meeting conditions of existing times. , . Lawis Percales Linens Tub-Silks Piques Lingerie' Cambricks Orcandiu Nainsocks Muslins Mulls Crepes Voille Batiste Satines Sheetings Plisse Suitings Spreads Laces Towels Toweling Linens , Embroideries In fact everything to complete lines of useful goods for Spring and Summer. Prices right. Ziegter Bros, celebrated line of Slippers Just received. We solicit your inspection. Those living out of the City, our liberal Free Parcel Post service makes it easy to deal with us. Requests for samples will get our best attention. WRITE : PHONE OR CALL! Its a big bet we are making up on the season in permitting wheat to be exported m such enormous as Quantities as to more than represent the nations sur plus and threaten its supply of bread. Flour has advanced near ly a hundred per cent, and the question of home supply is de Dendent upon the harvest of a crop that has all kinds of chances in the struggle of time, and may prove as great a failure as that of 1914 was a success. In an em bargo upon wheat exports, such as all the other great wheat con suming nations have insisted, lies sound policy and home protec tion. This is not patriotism, but the simple policy of insurance that prevails in all other lines of human protection and endeavor. Aberdeen Examiner. We are more apt to give a man cred it for luck than for common sense. 8EED CORN I have fifteen bushels of Hast ings' lmprovedProliflc seed corn, and ten bushels Jones' Prolific seed corn for sale. Have stalks showing hew corn giw. . T. DOHARTY, iieui i auscni miss. rt ;";..,nfti ie Improving. TQt'" mis., F e b'. 24.- 'Southwest Mississippi certainly seems to be coming back into something like its own," declar ed District Agent P. P. Garden, in discussing a trip which he had just made down through Adams, Jefferson, Wilkinson and Amite counties. M r. Gardner finds that the farmers are taking bet ter care of their land; that they have more and better live stock than for years, with substantial forage and feed crops, while their cattle are infinitely better and more valuable. It is a section of the state which is peculiarly adapted to the intelligent diver sifkation of crop activities, and whereby intelligent effort and cooperation there is no reason why the farmers, truck growers. stock raisers and supply merch ants should not thrive and pro sper. ' Another Use for Cotton. It remains for Sydney L. Dodd, a planter of Hickman, Ky., to put cotton to a use that no one has ever before thought of. We have a letter from Mr. Dodd written- on cotton cloth. The work is done by typewriter. The Quality of the cotton is about like that which thin shirts are made from. It is surprising how clear the tyrjewnting is. Valuable records might be written on cotton cloth and pre served longer than paper lasts. Commercial-Appeal. No man whotovets a well pay ing office, should hesitate to dump his hat in the ring and make a try for it, says the Indianola Toc sin. He stands just as good chance as the other fellow. No man can safely forecast just who the people will select to an office and a man who aspires to it need not be the best equipped for the duties of the office, but he can earn as others have done, how to perform the duties with credit to himself and with satisfaction to his constituents. Come out and make your announcement and give Dame Fortune a chance to smile on you, Exchange. Labor to keep alive in your heart that little spark of celestial fire Con science Rule from the Copybook of Washington when a Schoolboy, God's goodness hath been great to thee. Let never day or night pass but till remember what the Lord huth done. -'Shakespeare. ' rower acquired by guilt was never used for a good purpose; Tacitus. i ' -tew. The Man Who Starts In Business To-Day ."W .tr? must have money or credit to be successful he needs both. The real starting point of any business is r The time at which one begins eyetematic eaving. If he begins right he opens a bank account and gradually builds up both his account and his credit. If you begin now it will bring your days for starting a business of your own that much nearer. Open an account with us to-day one dollar or more will do when ever you can spare a dollar add it to your account the lump sum will be here and ready for you when you want it. Bank of Brooksville HowdvH ? I am the "Little Trained Nurse" I am foingtotell youv3teretobty allofyour Drug Sf oreTMffi You 'will see, me every wteek, Bead what I say in this paper every week. I. will tell you how to be healthy, beautiful and wise. The medicines in our Drug store are alwas pure and fresh; our beautifiers contain no harmful ingredients; it is wisdom to buy at this Drugstore on which you can RELY. HERBERT DRUG CO.