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THE MACON ESACON. HACOH, 1IIS3.
SIXTY TWO lira IMTOIS III AERO FLOTILLA DROPS THAN 150 SHELLS ON GER MAN ARMS FACTORY. LARGEST AIR RAID YET Much Damage Believed to Have Been Done by Bombardment From Sky. Thirty Sheila Wers of Large Calibre. Paris Sixty-two French aviators, on Aur. 25, flew ovit a German arms factory to tin north of Saariouin, throwing down u total of inort: than f,o shell. Thirty were of laro cal 1bre. Announcement of the atrial raid Is made In a war officii MaC'iin-tit Auk. 1!6. The statement reads: "I luring part of last night t lnr; were artillery exchanges and lighting with bund grenade and other explo sives in the Arotls district, In the vf cinity of Houi he. and Nuevllle. "Around Hove there has heen con tinned marked activity on the part of the enemy's artillery as well uh our own. "In the Argnnne district, In the Hec tor of 1-a Folio Morte, yesterday aw Jalrly severe tlKlitinK with bomtm and hand grenndes. "Nothing of linportanco ban been reported from the remainder of tha front. "During the day of Aug. 24 a French aviator threw down bombs on the rail road of OfTenburg, In Baden, 17 miles from Karlsruhe. At this point tbero is tin Important railroad Junction In the grand duchy. "On Auk. 25 an aerial squadron com posed of four groups, and including a total of C2 aviators, (lew over the heights of Iielllngen. Here there !r a factory where hIicIIs and armor plate lire made. The location of this plant Jh to the north of Saarlouls, In Rhen ish I'rusnla. HO miles southeast of Treves. The aviators threw down with precision over 150 bombs, 30 of which were of large calibre." So far as official reports have dis closed, there never has been previous ly an air raid of Mich magnitude. In n few earlier ventures 30 or more aero planes were. used. PreRs dispatches have Indicated that the belllKerents have built great num bers of aeroplanes, and these are now sent forth In flotillas for organized as sault on a large scale. The raid was the third In this part of Germany In the last three weeks. On Auk. 9 Hnarbruecken was bombard ed and threo days later the neighbor ing town of Saint Ongbert and Zwel bruecken were attacked. Eight pel nous were killed In the latter raid. SUBMARINE OPENED FIRE Captain and Other Members of Dlomed Are Killtd and Vessel Is Sent to Bottom. Queenstown. The British steam ship Dlomed has been sunk by a Ger man submarine. Her captain, quarter master and steward were killed by shells fired by the submarine during a pursuit of four hours. An officer of the Dlomed, who landed here Aug. 23 with other sur vivors, says that two submnrlnes were sighted. According to this report Ibey were rigged with dummy funnels. One of them, this officer asserts, sub jected the Dlomed to heavy shell fire. The liner attempted to escape, but surrendered after being pursued for four hours. Two boats were lowered and 49 members of the crew got away, taking with them the captain's body. The submarine stood off while the Dlomed Bank. Hold British Steamer. Newport News, Custom officials fiere have refused to grant clearance paper Bto the Hrltlsh steamer Wal- papers to the Hrltlsh steamer Wal rled a four-inch rifle mounted on her main deck aft. Washington was asked for a ruling- as to whether the Wal mana was amenable to the agreement between the United States and Great Britain forbidding the clearance of armed Hrltlsh merchantmen from American ports. Captain Holmes explained that the pun was mounted as a protection against submarines. Amsrlcan Marines Fired On. Washington. American marine pa trols in Port-au-Prince were fired on twice, but no troops were hurt and Rear Admiral Caperton on Aug. 26 re ported conditions unchanged. Air Raid on Constantinople. London. Bombardment of the out skirts of Constantinople by a Russian aeroplane squadron, resulting In the death or Injury of 41 persons, Is an nounced In a dispatch from Athens to the Central News. According to these advices the at tack was made Aug. 23 on the Asiatic suburbs of Constantinople. A num ber of bombs were dropped, throwing the people into panic. Thirty Turks, eight Greeks and three Armenians were killed or wounded. ADVANCE ON GALLIPOLI Britith Extend and Contolidate Lines Along a Front of 12 Mile. New Zealanderc Use Bayonet London. Recent operations on thft Ciiliiinll ixTilnsiila have enabled the ! British troops to extend materially MOREjt;,,. (,rea In their poFsegslon and to ! ......a ,...!, Hn,,u i.lfiriv u frittlt r,f more than 12 miles, tiays an official statement iued here on tho night of Auk. 25. K. Ashmeade liar'lett, who reprt Kents the London papers a the Dar danelles, describes In a dispatch the operations of the Australians ai New Zealanders, which began on Aug. fi. with a view to seizing the. Kojache man Heights, runni"" northeast from the Anzac positions. The New Zealanders, Including the Maorle, using bayonets only, drove the Turks before thern throughout the night of Aug. C through difcult ra vines, where Turkish snipers were numerous. The death toll of the in vaders was severe. "The struggle," says the corres pondent, "con'lnued on Auk. 7. Much ground was gained, but the advance was ultimately held by the Turks' rifles and machine guns. The fighting was renewed on the following day at close quarters and was desperate. The Turks finally lied, leaving the New Zealanders In possession of the high est point yet gained on the penin sula. "Counterattacks were repulsed by the military and naval artillery. From Aug. 8 to the evening of Aug. 12 the landing and advance of Anafarta Hay, supported by artillery, were success ful, occupying a wide front on the hills beyond the Salt Lake. The enemy's position on the Anafarta ridge, how ever, remained untouched. The prob lem waB how to take It." SAY TURKEY S DEFEAT NEAR Allies Are Optimistic Over Reports Received of Operations on the Galllpoli. lyondon Optimistic reports, con cerning the (lallipoli operations have been In circulation for the past few days and prophesies are freely made that a few weeks will see the close of the allies' most difficult task 'In the near east. The Turks, too, expect the Anglo French forces to be successful, If news reaching Sofia from Constanti nople Is reliable. It Is felt here now that so far as the Dardanelles are concerned, it Is a matter of Indifference to the alllcR whether the Halkans lend a hand. Their assistance Is wanted, however, against Austria, and also to shorten Turkish resistance If the straits are opened. For these reasons negotia tions In the near east are being watch ed closely and Servla's decision on tho proposals of the quadruple entente for satisfying the aspirations of Bulgaria, is awaited anxiously. It Is believed In London that Serv ian reply will be satisfactory and that Bulgaria's co-operation will be as sured. This would open tho way also for an active policy on the part of Roumanla, who wants assurances Bul- garla will not Httack her before she commences to move her troops. It Is confidently expected all theso ques tions will be settled satisfactorily to the allies and that within the same pe rlod the future policy of Greece wll' be announced definitely. BULGARIA AIDS TURKEY Ottoman Goevrnment Grants Seaport For Privilege of Bringing War Munitions Through Country. Herllu. The following statement has been given out: "Official reports from Sofia and Constantinople state that Turkey and Hulgarla have signed a new treaty, Turkey granting Hulgarla her desired direct railroad connection with the sea, and Hulgarla agreeing to observe a benevolent neutrality." This demonstrates the definite fail ure of the efforts of the entente powers to revive alliance of the Hal kan states and Induce them to join In the war against Turkey. Unofficial reports late in July stat ed that a convention had been signed on July 22, by which Turkey ceded to Hulgarla the Turkish portion of the Dedeaghatch Railway. The reports stated that the treaty left Bulgaria unpledged. That Hulgarla had not been pledged to any course as regards the war has been the assumption under which ne gotiations have been conducted by the allies. Several unofficial reports con' cernlng Bulgaria's diplomatic activi ties appeared to confirm this view. Boy Killed at Ball Game. Whttesburg. Ky. Rorester Adams, 13, was almost Instantly killed when he was struck by a thrown ball, while watching a game between playmates. Georgia Cotton Crop. Atlanta, Ga. Cotton acreage In Georgia Is off 18 per cent from last year, and the general condition of the crop is off 27 per cent from last year, according to estimates compiled from correspondents throughout tho state by the Central Hank and Trust Cor poration. The crop for Georgia for 19151916 is estimated at 2,030,000 bales. The report states that tho cot ton growers are in better shape finan daily than in many years. GERIilY 10 K IMS 0. S. DANGER OF BREAK WITH U. 8. OVER ARABIC IS BE LIEVED OVER. REPARATION IS SUGGESTED Teutons Are Ready to Consider Me diation of Undersea War. Will Disavow Acts of Subma rine Commanders. Washington. Diplomatic develop ments in the Arabic case are such that the end of the entire controversy with Germany Is In sight, it Is believed, with Germany prepared to concede all the demands of the United States on the understood condition that this govern ment carry out Its suggestion of me diation between flermany and Great Hritain on the freedom of the seas. All danger, therefore, of a break between the two governments appeals to have pusssed.. Germany has Informed the United States officially that for several months her submarine commanders have been acting under instructions not to torpedo vessels without giving wartlng. Germany has Indicated also that nhe understands giving warning to mean that all persons on the vessels have time and opportunity to getaway safely in their boats. ' Count Von Hernstorff, the German ambassador, has assured Secretary of State Lansing that If the evidence chows conclusively that the subma rine commander disregarded his In structions and torpedoed the Arabic without warning, the German govern ment will disavow the act and offer reparation for the lives of the two Americans, Mrs. Josephine L. Bru- gulere and Dr. Edmond T. Woods. The German government will either Bend a note to this government, In re ply to the last note of the United States on the sinking of he Luaitanla, or will send instructions to Ambassa dor Von Hernstorff to take the matter up personally at the State Department and arrive at a satisfactory adjust ment of the controversy. The belief Is that the latter method will be fol lowed. The fact that action of this kind Is to be taken Is proof In Itself that Germany has decided to yield to the United States, as It was the under standing between the two governments that Germany would make no reply to the last note of the State Depa- ut iil unison si. an vuui v v vw tn favorable action on the demands of tl United States. From the German standpoint the principal points in the last note of the United States were the demand that Germany disavow the sinking of the Lusitania and promise reparation for the loss of American lives; the re quest for assurances that there would be no repetition of the offense In the future, and the suggestion that the United States attempt to bring about an understanding between Germany and Great Britain regarding the free dom of the seaR. WEAK POLICY SAYS T. R. former President Declares That United States "Plays Ignoble Part Among Nations" in Address. riuttsburg, N. Y. Theodore Roose velt, In an address on the night of August 25, at the military instruction camp here, declared that for thirteen months the United States had "played nn Ignoble part among nations," In that it had "tamely submitted to see ing the weak, whom we have cove nanted to protect, wronged," and "had seen our men, women and children murdered on the high seas without ac tion on our part." The former president condemned the government for having "not taken the smallest step in the way of prepar edness to defend our own rights." Germany he condemned as "utterly brutal and ruthless in Its disregard of International law." and declared that it would be a "base abandonment of morality" for American manufact urers of munitions of war to refuse to make shipments "for the use of the armies that are striving to restore Belgium to Its own people." Munition makers who refuse to make such shipments should be put, he said, on a "roll of dishonor." He added that they should be encouraged. "so that we may be able to hold our own when the hour of peril comes to us in our turn." Villa Commander Is Wounded. Washington. Official advices said Gen. Hernandes, Villa's commander at Icamole, near Monterey, had been wounded and loet part of his staff in a recent battle with Carranza troops. Fortifying Nazareth. Paris. It Is learned here that the Turks, preparing for an allied Inva sion of Palestine, are digging trenches, around Nazareth and several other places famous in history. By means of these trenches they also are draw lng away the water from the River Jordan In she vicinity of Tiberias, but whether this Is for the purpose of de fense Is not clear. Many hisoric build Ings have been razed to make way for artillery fire, among them being the Terra Santa Convent. I TO AID HANDLING COTTON McAdoo Says U. S. Treasury Will De posit $30,000,000 in Southern Re serve Banks for Farmers. Washington. Treasury officials on Aug. 23 made public an announcement by Secretary McAdoo that, in view of the action of the allies In putting cot ton on the contraband list, he would, if it became necessary, deposit $30. 000,000 or more in gold In the Federal Reserve Hanks at Atlanta, Dallas and Richmond for the purpose of enabling the reserve banks to re-discount loans on cotton Becured by warehouse re ceipts made by national banka and state banks belonging to the federal reserve system. The gold would be deposited tem porarily, at least, without Interest charge. It was explained that If it appeared that the object could be ac complished with greater efficiency thereby, the deposits would be made directly with national bank agreeing to lend the money on cotton at a rate not to exceed 6 per cent. Secretary McAdoo authorized the announcement from his summer home at North Haven, Me. It eame at the close of a day of speculation In of ficial circles as to the nature of steps which the entente powers have Indi cated they will take to uphold the cot ton market In the face of their con traband order. NEWPORT FLOOD IMPROVES Estimated Property Loss in Arkansas Town Swept by White River $3,000,000. No Lives Lost. Newport, Ark The White river flood has receded more than two feet since the crest of the rise passed the city Aug. 25, and now part of the side walks of the city are free from water. The levee on the south side of the city was dynamited Aug. 25, letting the water that was held in the city by this dump pass out, and this lowered the water in the town several Inches. Relief trains are able to reach the city and food can be secured, but funds are lacking with which to pur chase food and tents to the homeless, many of whom will not be able to re turn to their homes for several days. No deaths have been reported in the city from drowning or otherwise as a result of the high water, but the prop erty loss and destitute condition of the homeless refugees passes belief and cannot well be exaggerated. The estimated property loss of $3,000,000 to $4,000,000 cannot be verified until the waters recede, but It Is thought the sum Is not overestimated. City officials state that the great- st need for the flood sufferers right pw Is tents and fresh vegetables, flour iid meat, all of which can be pro cured with funds, which are urgently needed. Little Rock, Batesvllle and Brlnkley have come to the assistance of the refugees with cash subscrip tions and the national lodge of Elks has notified J. M. Gibson, district dep uty exalted ruler, of a cash donatlor of $500. AERO SINKS SUBMARINE British Flyer Successfully Drops Bomb on German Undersea Boat at Ostend. Enemy Nearby. London. A German submarine has been destroyed near Ostend, Belgium, by a bomb dropped by an aeroplane. Official announcement to this effect was made here Aug. 26. The text of the statement follows : "The secretary of the admiralty an nounces that squadron uommanaer Arthur W. Bigsworth, R. N., destroyed, single-handed, a German submarine this morning by bombs dropped froi.i an aeroplane. The submarine was ob served to be completely wrecked and sank off Cstend. "In the case referred to above, the brilliant feat of Squadron Commander Bigsworth was performed In the im mediate neighborhood on the coast in occupation of the enemy, and the po sition of the sunken submarine has been located by a German destroyer." SERBIA GRANTS ITALY'S PLEA. Balkan Solution Clears With Concee sions by Nlsh Government. Milan. One of the main difficulties to a solution of the Balkan problem favorable to the entente powers has been settled, according to an inter view with Premier Pachltch, of Ser bia, published in the Corriere dela Serra. The premier is quoted as saying that Serbia has given way tr Italy regarding Albania. Cruiser Sails With Marines Philadelphia. With 360 marines aboard, the cruiser Tennessee sailed from the Philadelphia navy yard Aug 26, probably for Haiti. Capt. Decker, it was said, had either been given di rectlons or orders would be given him by wireless at sea. Disaster In Channel Rumored. Paris. Rumors of a mishap of channel steamer from Folkestone to Rnulorne are circulated widely. Rail way officials had a report the vessel met with an accident and returned to Folkestone The official press bu reau on Aug. 23 was without informa tion. 800 Corset Workers Strike. Bridgeport, Conn. About S00 worn en and girls employed In the George C. Batchellor Company s snops ana Crown Corset factory, struck Aug. 23 RESULT OF SECOI P1IY IS CLOSE ROBERT80N WINS IN RACE FOR STATE REVENUE AGENT OVER MOORE. BROWN AGAIN IS AHEAD Lat Returns Indicate That Present Land Commissioner Will Retain Office. Official Count Nec essary In Two of Races. Jackson. Stokes V. Robertson of Hattiesburg will win the race for state revenue agent of Mississippi over Chas. J. Mnnrs hv at least 10.000 votes, ac cording to returns from every county in the state except three. The vote In the second primary was a light one. From what are regarded as fairly accurate returns M. A. Brown is again in the lead for the land commissioner- ship over Henry C. Wood. Early re turns from the primary indicated Mr. Brown, the present Incumbent, would win the office, but as the vote be came more complete Wood forged ahead. However, Mr. Brown's vote again took the lead, and last returns at hand Indicated his selection by somewhere In the neighborhood of 3,000 votes. As In the land commissioner's race, the official count may be necessary to determine the contest for peniten tiary trustee in the Third or Northern District. With but two counties to hear from In the race for the railroad commls- slonershlp from the First or Middle District, Jas. R. McDowell leads Geo. R. Edwards by less than 100 votes. Issaquena and WMnston, the counties missing, may change the result either way, as these counties are believed to be pretty evenly divided between the two candidates. With Benton County only to hear from add with the returns from Mont gomery incomplete, less than 857 sep arated the total received by J. E. Matthews and L. J. Stone for the pent- tentiary trusteeship for the Northern District. The latter was leading. Officials at the state capitol will receive no returns and no organiza tion was perfected to receive returns for state contests, so the result of the closely contested races may not be sufficiently definite from press re turns to decide who the winners are until the official count Is made wher the state committee meets. Wells Elected Hinds' Sheriff. Interest in the second primary al most equal to that in the first was shown in all parts of Hinds County, rhere the race for sheriff between Will Wells of Bolton, and A. C. Crow- der of Jackson, reached the exciting stage. The election of Mr. Wells was conceded at an early hour, however, the heavy vote he received in Jack son, the Crowder stronghold, Indicat ing a victory for the Bolton candi date. The count resulted, Wells 1,798, against 1,393 for Crowder. Normal Opens Sept. 14. It is officially announced that the 1915-16 session of the Mississippi Normal College at Hattiesburg will be opened on September 14 with pros pects for a larger attendance of pros pective matriculates than ever before. This information is given in the Nor mal Bulletin, which has just been Is sued. There were 985 students en rolled at the last term, of whom 883 took the full curriculum, and the re maining 102 took special courses pre paratory to taking the state examina tion for professional teachers' license Indians In Jackson. An Indian mother with two little ones attracted a good deal of atten tion in this city recently. Both the mother and the youngsters were ap parelled in the picturesque garb that Beems to delight the original Amer leans. Jitneys In Legal Fight Whether the City of Jackson or any other municipality in the state has sufficient power undc the general law to regulate jitney operators with out the enactment of specific legisla tion seems to be a moot point, upon which Jackson lawyers seem to dis agree. Some of the lawyers contend that each jitney car operated comes under the head of a common carrier. The jitney lawyers, on the other hand, contend that they are not com mon carriers any more than hack lines, taxicabs or animals and vehicles which are hired out by livery stables Bank Clearings Increase. The bank clearings of Jackson for the week ending Aug. 21, according to the report of the Bradstreet agency, showed a total of $347,000 as compared with $364,000 for the pre vious week, an increase of 3.5 per cent, as compared with the same week last year. The clearings at VIcksburg totaled $178,000 against $234,000 for the pre vious week, an increase of 5.6 per cent as compared with the same week last year. OUSTER IS FILED Oil SCHOOL BOARD SUMRALL CITY COUNCIL MAKES CHARGES AGAINST CITY SCHOOL BOARD. ENTIRE TOWN WILL MOVE Wisner, Smith County, witn Kopuia- tion of 800 Will Move, Lock, Stock and Barrel, to New Location. umrall Ouster proceedings have been Instituted by the mayor ana board of aldermen of Sumrall against the board of trustees of the city schools. Certain charges were made, it is said, against Supt. Williams that cer tain teachers were suspended bu given permission to appear before the board of trustees to show cause why they should not be retained an other year. They failed to show up on the day named but let it be known that they Intended to sue the town of Sumrall for their salaries for the next session on the ground that they were duly elected and were discharged without cause. The board of trustees is alsc charged with irregularities in hand ling the school fund of the city. Entire Town Will Move. Laurel. Wisner, a thriving town of about 800 population, located just over the Jones county line in Smith county. will soon be no more. In its stead will rise the town of Cohay, twelve miles distant, In the same county, and with practically the same citizenship. Wisner has been headquarters for the logging crew of the Laurel mill of Eastman, Gardiner & Co., for ten years and has grown steadily. The town boasts one of the finest Y. M. C, A. organizations in the country, a postofflce, general store, drug store, meat market, barber shop, electric light plant and many other conveni ences. It has a mayor and board of aldermen and a complete sat of or dinances, which will become a part of the new town of Cohay. , V Mob Was. Foiled. Natchez. An attempt to lynch Bob Baker and King Lyons, negroes, held at Vidalia and charged with the mur der of WTalter Zimmerman near Fish Pond on Aug. 12, was frustrated by Sheriff Eugene Campbell and the pris oners brought to Natchez in a skiff. They were kept in jail here over night and then hurried to another place, supposedly Tallulah. It is said that an attempt was made to Induce the sheriff to leave Vidalia by those who wished to lynch the negroes. A tele phone message to him, it is said, stated that a murder had been com- mitted some distance from Vidalia and that he was wanted at once. The sus picions of the officer had been arous ed, however, and he did not go. The of Zimmerman was cold-blooded and murder of Zimmerman was cold blood ed andbrutal. Baker, whoconfessed to. the murder and Implicated Lyons, waa employed by Zimmerman, and shot him, negroe's hat. Using this as evidence,, the officers forced him to tell the details. Pallbearers Have Fight. Yazoo City. Joe Stucky and an other negro became involved in a quarrel at a negro funeral six miles. south of Yazoo City on the Yazoo river which resulted in Stucky badly cutting the other black. The two negroes were pall bearers and quar reled as to which one of them should carry the head end of the coffin in which the corpse lay. J. F. Bible, specially deputized to arrest Stucky was badly cut on the wrist when th negro made a successful attempt ta get away. He was later captured and jailed here. Storm Victim Buried. Booneville. The remains of Walter Williams, army wireless operator In. the Twenty-third U. S. Infantry, who. was killed by the collapse of a brick buildlrg at Texas City In which he- and other soldiers had taken refuge during the Galveston storm, arrived at this place and were Interred Aug. 24. Mr. Williams was 28 years old: and enlisted in the army in 1907, was, the son of the late Walter William of Rienti. Mob Shoots Negro to Death. Tlshmlngo. Dick Meridith, colore' j who was shot by John Paden, colorA' and was lodged in the calaboose heire- Aug. 22 was taken from his prljoa Aug. 24 by persons unknown, .sup posed to be colored, and sh6t to death. Shoots Her Stepfather. Meridian. Alleging that her step-. father, M. J. Quigley, a machinists knocked her down and that he had' mistreated his wife, her mother, Mrs.. A. J. Hatch on Aug. 22 fired a bullet, from a 38-calibre pistol into the sUm ach of Quigley. who is at a local hos. pital and not expected to live. Owing to the fact that Mrs. Hatch; bas two small children, she was placedi under arrest, but allowed to stay at home pending the result of her step tatner s woun 1 v