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THE MACON BEACON, MACON, MISS.
I T31 mi DUTCA'i TOWER OLLAND In its quaint way ! a land of romance, but of a bvlrgnensn golid eort, the very antipodes of the romance of the sunny East Dutch romance Is the child of In dustry, enterprise, dogged courage, fogs and waterways, and Its great days fell within the limits of the Bventeenth century. Then ships of Holland sailed all the seven seas and brought home wealth and tales of adventure. Then its sailors hammered at the arctic Ice-pack and pushed their trade among tropical spice islands. Then it was that De Ruyter sailed up the Thames with a broom at his masthead; then, too, that Rembrandt painted and Vondel rhymed. That also for Holland was a great building age, when prosperity caused cities to grow, canals to be dug, ports to be built, and the multiplex activity of Dutchmen to manifest itself In all kinds of makings and shapings upon the surface of their amphibious land half earth, half water. Thus It Is the Holland of Rembrandt's day and there about that remains most Interesting to the trav eler, and it is the buildings then erected that are most worthy of study and presentation within her towns. Amsterdam, when Rembrandt went to settle there about 1631, was passing architecturally through a period of transition. The small core of the city, where everything was on a small scale, still retained many remnants of the me dieval age. The canals in it were narrow, the accommodation for ships was exiguous. A grow ing population and expanding trade wore finding themselves horribly cramped. Amsterdam grew like an onion, by layers sur rounding layers about a center. From time to time new rings of canals were added, with radlai connections, and then more rings outside them. Of course fortified walls were erected round the whole at different dates, but they never lasted for long and had to be replaced by new circuits as the city expanded. The moat of each new circuit became a canal within the next. Those who were responsible for the Important changes made at the beginning of the seventeenth century had the good sense not to destroy every memorial of medieval days. In particular they spared some of the old fortification towers, applying them to a tew purpose and refitting them accordingly. Thus the tower called Montelbaanstoren, which still stands by the old Schans, one of the largest basins of the earlier canal system, was a part of the medieval fortifications. They turned It Into a picturesque bell tower by the addition of a superstructure set up In the year 1606. Though this was done before Rembrandt's day, he omitted the steeple In an admirable drawing he made of It, thus giving one among countless instances that might be cited, of his attachment rather to the past than to the coming taste of the people of his day. The only other high tower at Am sterdam drawn by him was the Westertoren or tower of the Westerkerk on the Prlnsengracht, which unfortunately, we cannot produce n this place. That tower was a favorite with the folk of Amsterdam, and I have more than once found 'It referred to, In narratives of Dutch exploration, as a measure of height, as, for Instance, when a glacier cliff Is said to have stood out of the sea about as high as the Westertoren. It is a storied tower, composed of four retreating rectangular stages, each with columns at the angles, not unlike some of Wren's towers in the city of Lon don. The Westertoren, however, carries us down rather too late, when Palladian ideas were af fecting Dutch architects. This was a feature of the change of taste, which made the art of Rem brandt old fashioned and terminated his pros perity. The Mint tower of 1640, and the others shown in our Illustrations, are examples of Am sterdam steeple architecture of Rembrandt's own generation. If they must be called fantastic they are certainly picturesque, and admirably suited to enliven a canal vista or to poke up out of a foreground of crow-stepped gables. These are the typically Dutch towers, these buildings of the great days of Dutch romance. Earlier towers we can find In Holland, but they are Gothic, and re-echo the style elaborated In France. France also set the key of architectural style In the eighteenth century. In the seven teenth century Holland stood on her own feet, and other folk Imitated the work of her artists. The Dutch style affected England; it was Imi tated In the remarkable buildings erected in Den mark for Christian IV. It penetrated to the ends of the earth. It went with Dutch adventurers to New York, to Ceylon, to the Cape of Good Hope, where examples of It may still be hunted out by patient searching. Our illustrations Include a few of the earlier towers of Holland, about which a word or two must be said. Here, for instance, are the Cathe dral and one of the medieval gates of Maastricht, neither of them in any sense characteristically Dutch, for the Holland that the world admires was created In the fire of the Reformation wars. The cathedral church of St. Servatius at Maas tricht Is of early Christian foundation, and It Is even claimed that portions of the existing walls date baci to the sixth century. The building as we see it, however, is a great romanesque church of Rhenish style, with restored eleventh century towers at the angles of Its apse and a later Gothic bell tower adjacent to a side aisle. Utrecht and Delft have bell towers of a like kind, the upper story being many-sided and many gabled. Another such tower Is in Paradise Itself, if wo are to believe Hubert Van Eyck's picture of that delectable land, the famous altarplece still at Ghent, unless the Germans have carried It off. Medieval Maastricht was not a large place. The Cathedral was in the center of it; not more than five hundred yards away are' the remains of the city walls of 1290. The exigencies of war make the military architecture of a given date everywhere much the same. Thus the tower flanked south gate of Maastricht Is not different In design from many another that can be found In th9 old cities of Europe. But though It bad 5 : MntMk I Mlk J Mi wm 4 una' r, I 3t(irl--4 3 1 i liiBaiillHiiiiiHMHHMHMHnsMiMaMI . W , I ;X'y.wWv t-UtXrti D little individuality to start with, the adventures and patchings of time have endued it wlih a picturesqueness of Its own. The builders gave It practically no decoration, but such solid works receive all they need from the hand of time, which adds detail with unerring taste. The plainer an edifice may have been to start with, the better time adorns it, provided it has been built with sound materials, good workmanship and in good proportions. Most of England's noblest castles must have looked gaunt and even (to contemporary eyes) ugly. To the Saxon citizens of London the White (doubtless whitewashed) tower can hardly have conveyed esthetic ' pleas ure. But time has even decorated Norman cas tles, so that not the baldest modern sky-scraper need despair of future admiration if it can hold Itself end up long enough. Amersfoort tower is anything rather than plain. On the contrary, it is In the Gothic style tending towards flamboyant, while Its general design is of the type of the tower at Utrecht, which, indeed, being only fourteen miles away, doubtless sug gested it. That was built during the middle half of the fourteenth century; Amersfoort at the very end of the fifteenth. Both have the open octagonal top story already described. Utrecht is 338 feet high, Amersfoort 312 feet. The latter Is considered to be the finest Gothic tower in Hol land. I suppose it to have been surmounted or intended to be surmounted by a plain spire, but the present bulbous top and open-work crown were put on in 1655. Where did Holland get Its taste for these bulbs? She did not have a mo nopoly of them, for they are numerous enough in Germany and even In Switzerland. An oriental original probably suggested them. The Amers foort church was built in the fourteenth century, and the tower may well have been projected from the first. An explosion damaged the building, but the damage was made good and the tower for tunately escaped. Few tourlstB stop at Amersfoort, but plenty of them can see the tower from the train on their way eastward from Amsterdam. The summit of it looks northward far away over the Zuyder Zee, and in every other direction over a country as flat as water. There was some fun in building high towers in Holland, they could be seen from so far away. Amersfoort can hail Utrecht on any clear day, and both of them Rhenen (I imagine), which Rembrandt sketched. Anyone who has landed at Flushing, and pro ceeded thence anywhlther by train, has been carried for the first few miles over the am phibious region of the Island of Walcheren. He has passed Mlddelburg and presently, If he looked away oil to the left, he will have seen, at a dis tance of two or three miles, the little town of Veere. Both are old towns and highly pictur esque. So Indeed Durer recorded them to be when he visited them in the cold December of 1520. "Middelburg." he said, "Is a good town, a fine place for sketching. It has a beautiful town hall with a fine tower. There is much art shown in all things here." All he has to say about Veere Is that "It is a fine little town where lie ships from all lands." The object of Durer's unfor tunate winter Journey to the islands of Zeeland was not, however, to see towers and town halls, but to satisfy his insatiable curiosity about natural history. Ha wanted to make a drawing of a whale that had been stranded in those parts. Such curiosity in the case of men like Durer and Leonardo Is the first Indication we possess of the approach of the age of science. The whale had been washed away before Durer'i arrival, so the drawing was never made, but a chill that he caught on this Journey laid the foun dations of the illness which eventually carried him oft. The town hall of Mlddelburg and Its fine tower were new buildings when he saw them. The town hall and tower of Veere were some forty years older, having been , built about 1470 by A, Keldermans the elder, though the statues on the facade were not-added till after Durer's visit. Unfortunately the surviving pages of his sketch-book contain no drawings of these places. There Is, indeed, on one page the complicated top of some tower, unnamed, the highest member of which is like that of Veere, but the rest is different. Durer was evidently entertained by these fantastic steeples and several of them ap pear In his sketches. In the nature of things, however, such light wooden structures as crowned the towers of the low countries were not so durable as the stone substructures. Some have perished by fire, others have lost their open work decorations, others have had to be repaired in various degrees, and repair has generally meant simplification. The tower of Veere, how ever, was apparently never very elaborate, and probably remains much as it was originally built. Four-square and plain below, the stone portion la completed with a clock chamber, strengthened at the' corners. Then comes a balustraded bell chamber, with a bulbed spire for roof to it, of unsually slender and graceful proportions. Little imitation dormer windows were a common deco rative detail on these bulbs, but on Veere spire they are reduced to the roofs of them only. These and the Gothic crochets higher up are the only medieval elements surviving in this tower. The town hall below contains a treasure cer tainly worth seeing, for lovers of fine goldsmith's work worth going to see an admirable class!' flcatlon of "sights" which we owe to the common sense of Doctor Johnson. How useful a guide book to Europe, confined to the thlngB "worth going to see," would be when peace returns, though a real peace in a once more friendly world is hardly to be looked for in the days of any but the young. The treasure at Veere Is a magnifi cent goblet, richly enameled and chased, which the townsfolk caused to be made for, and pre sented to, the Emperor Maximilian. How they managed to have both the prestige of giving It and the solid satisfaction of keeping it Is not recorded in any books to which I have access. At all events, there it remains a very handsome example of a fine period of art In the low countries. Veere also possesses a fourteenth century church, once In ruins but now repaired also some remarkable old houses, a fountain of 1551 and other agreeable remains. On the whole a traveler on landing In Holland might well spend a night at Mlddelburg, where he can hire cycle or motor and make in a single day a circuit of entertaining little places, which preserve the charms of old Holland more completely than the larger and more famous cities wherein modern life has compelled much external modernization ELABORATE EVASION. "Are the fish biting now?" asked the stranger. "Yes," replied the boy. "But you ain't allowed to -catch em. "Do you mean to say you don't fish?' "I don't exactly Esh. But If a fish comes along and. bites at me I do my best to defend myself" TOWN PLANNING IN AUSTRALIA Antipodean! Show Wis Interest In 8ubjeet and Profit by Experience of Older Countries. Australians are showing a wise In terest in the subject of town planning and housing In general. The trouble with older countries has been that they have not begun to think much about Improving housing conditions until housing conditions have got to be insufferably bad. Australia, being young country, should be able to profit by the unfortunate example of other countries, and It Is apparent that Australia Is striving to do this. Building, an Australian publication, devotes much space to this subject Al luding, for example, to the direction of the movement in Victoria by the Town Planning and Parks' association, these activities are described as Intelligent, enthuslastio and energetic. "The flow of active campaigning established," It appears, "threatens altogether to swamp the slum and Its wedded evils beyond the hope of re-establishment The association, very sensibly, la enlisting the sympathy and support of the masses by alert regard for their well being. The essentials of the move ment bear directly on the existence of that section of the people whom cir cumstances have handicapped. This the association recognizes. Settled evils which primarily deny the common her itage of sunlight are being squelched. Conditions of living scarcely befitting the brute creation, but to which human flesh and blood are subjected, are be ing swept way as speedily as the pon derous arm of the law can be operated. In brief, the movement In Victoria, di rected by the Town Planning and Parks' association. Is making good. The association is making a special point of making plain the principles of town planning to those in the position of facilitating reform. For Instance, the mayors and councilors of the mu nicipalities and shires were recently circularized on the new and extensive powers conferred upon local governing bodies, by recent amendments of the act A portion of that circular reads: ' 'It is hoped that advantage will be taken at once of these powers ap plied, perhaps, In conjunction with building .regulations to avoid the crea tion of slum or insanitary areas. In this connection St Ktlda council has recently passed a by-law providing for a minimum area, devoted exclusively' to open space, for each dwelling equal to at least eight-eighteenths ot that occupied by dwelling and outhouses.' " "Vaporize" Croup or Cold Troubles COMMUNITY PRIDE AN ASSET The Town That Care for Its General Appearance Is the Town That Will Prosper. Community pride Is an asset, and it Is one ot the greatest of all assets. The town that improves its streets. cleans up the alleys, paints the bouses, cuts the grass, rakes the lawns and plants its flowers is not only 'encour aging cleanliness, but is making for Itself a name among the peoples of the outer world. Commercial travelers and others come, and look, and go away and talk and the talk is all in favor of the town and its people. Talk travels, and grows, and mul tiplies until the town becomes known in many climes for its cleanliness and progressiveness, In time other men who are looking for a change ot location bear of this town and then they go, and look, and talk, and are pleased, and it becomes their home. And the town continues to expand and progress, and as the years roll by It gradually assumes larger propor tions and a more commanding and dominating position in the world. When Community Pride comes In Prosperity enters by its side, and the two become the mighty levers that control the machinery ot success. Personal Pride and Community Pride should march side by side, for when these two potent factors Join bands In a laudable purpose opposi tion quickly melts away. Laredo Record. Signs That Save. A decided decrease in the number of traffic accidents is reported from Portland, Ore., since the Installation there of a comprehensive system of warning signs. The signs consist ol red steel dials IS inches in diameter mounted on steel rods sunk three feet in concrete at the curbs and standing eight feet deep on the top of the dial. The dials are painted bright red witn black letters, and read: "School, Care ful," "Caution,- Bridge," "Caution, Steep Grade." "Danger, Drive Slowly." "Hrtepltal. Quiet." "Caution, Fire Sta tion." "Danger. No Outlet." "Cau tion. Dangerous Corner." and so on. The signs are set In pairs about 100 feet from the danger point and in all street directions from it, and are so placed that the street lights will shine upon them at night. Portland has a population of about 20,000 greater than Rochester, and embraces more than twice the area of this city. Rochester Post-Express. Vapor treatments for eold troubles at bettor than internal medicine, as the va. pora carry the medication direct to the lungs and air paaaagea without disturbing the stomach. When Viek's "Vap-O-Rub" Salve is ap. plied over the throat and cheat, these va. pore, released by the heat of the body, era Inhaled with each breath. S5o. to $1.00. SBC VNUINt HAS mis THADB MARK WqggMSALVE The Wretchedness of Constipation Can quickly be overcome oy CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS. Purelv vegetable r!f,'"u"'d CARTER'S Biliousness, Head ache, rtiii. ness, and Indigestion. They do their duty; SMALL FILL, SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICK, Genuine must bear Signature I H iiirn Why Suffer With Pellagra? 'Bans-tin's Improred Pellagra Remedy will enre you. It hee cured and la now carina ethera It le not an experiment. Our bind D( guarantee le back of It Tou run no rlak. Let ua tell you all about It Baufhn'e Iea proTed Fellae-ra Bene. Ce., Carboa UIU, Aia. HAIR BALSAM . A tollat preparation ot merit BlM to oradloaU dandruO. Beaut? to Orar or Faded Hair, i nRflPSY TREATED, Ufually fine quick ellivrei ,,1 toon remoea tweUituj and hort breath, often gWee entire reliel In r 1 8 to IS days. Trial treatment eent FRES. .DR. THOMAS E. GREEN. Suceeuor to Dr. 'U.H.Greea'1 Seal, Bex A. ChaUworta, Ce, What Did She Mean? The two young ladies had gushed and "deared" each other until the other passengers In the tram were heartily sick of It; especially as they never lost a chance of getting in a nasty cut at each other. Just before they parted, Angelina obliged Emmeline with a stamp for a letter. "Oh, I must give you a penny for this!" exclaimed Emmie, as she pre pared to leave the car. "Don't bother, dear," cooed Angle; "give it to me next time I see you." "But you mayn't see me for a long time," protested Emmie. " "Oh, well, the loss wouldn't be great!" cooed Angle, more sweetly than ever. Pearson's Weekly. He Was Pretty Hungry. Little Willie's mother sent him to bed without any supper. At eight o'clock, as Willie lay dis mally in his litle bed in the dark, his father appeared at the door and whis pered: "Son, could you eat some honey la the comb?" "Jimlny, dad!" Willie answered, "J could eat it in the brush!" Had Had the Experience. "Tes, we pay spot cash for every thing." "Ah! I often speak to my husband about the time when he had to." Puck. The Norwegian government has e ' tablished at Stavanger a domestic sci ence school to afford a complete course in housekeeping to young girls. A woman can do more with a hair pin than a man can accomplish with a full kit of carpenter's tools. 1 Building Master Men Potash, sodium, lime and ' iron are some of the vital mineral salts necessary ' to proper nourishment of mus cle, brain and nerves, but are not found in proper abund ance in white bread and many other foods. Grape-Nuts made from whole wheat and malted barley richly supplies these needed min eral elements and is a deli cious dish served with cream or rich milk. Grape-Nuts food is splen did for brain workers, and ideal for school children. Being partially pre-digested, it is quickly absorbed by the system going directly to the up-building of sinew, brain and nerves without overload ing the stomach. "There's a Reason" Sold by Grocers,