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THE MACON BEACON. MACON. MISS.
MARKETING BILL TO HELP F i rtaOi OK (MM PROPOSED LAW WILL PROTECT 8TAP.KVILLE. MEETING HELD TO j PROMOTE INDU8TRY OFFI- I i : V CER3 ELECTED. PRODUCERS WITH- THEIR ' TRUCK ON MARKET. . ) UMTS IrmiJSS UU 5TI1IE DAlRYmEN FDRMORGANfZATiOr L. fir" L . t V ... Yv (SEEM (FEMrS. W(DB0KKS mod CHRISTMAS PARDONS COMING IS RUN DOWN BY TRAIN D0EDBES OTO HE Christmas season brings to mind the many Christmas days gone by, with their four great features tur key, cranberry sauce, plum pudding and mince pie. It was a good old English cus tom, not to be rejected by the American colonists, although modi fications were necessary to suit the religion ind conditions of living in the colonies, the Christ-Bpirlt being substituted for the pagan yuletlde, the famous "boar's head" was omitted, and the Christmas Die became known as mince pie. However, many old observances were kept. Including the mistletoe and holly, and Christmas was a day for family gatherings, with a feast prepared by tho women of the house. It Is quite possible that we would not like their flavorings today. They used a variety of spices, wines and seasonings In even their plain est dishes; but as everything was prepared in the home, either under the supervision of the ,-r ' i -ess or by her own hands, the mixtures were wholesome. Everything was turned to account In the sea sun with a view to future use, so in this way preparations for the holiday were going on long leforo the day. In cherry time, a supply was carefully packed In hay and kept for Christmas. The Christmas cookies, with coriander seed In them, were baked six months before and kept In an earthenware Jar In the cellar. Mince Meat Recipe. The rich plum pudding and cakes were made early in the fall and put away to mellow and ripen. The mincemeat was then made, the recipe for which was recently found in an old Philadelphia oookbook. We copy all but the spelling: "Four pounds veal, four pounds suet, two pounds rais ins, one pound currants, six apples, some rose water and sack half a pound, no more of sugar, three-fourths pound cloves, mace, nutmeg and - cinnamon, some candied orange peel, lemon peel, citron and blanched almonds." They made a puff paste for their pies differ ent from ours. One recipe called for flour, one pound butter, ten eggs and some milk or water. Some housewives made their winter supply rf mince pies before Thanksgiving and reheated them before using. For the lemon tarts, the lemons had to be first soaked in salt water for two days. Then every day for fourteen days they were put into fresh cold water. When they were made, apples, or anges and sugar were added. f A few days before Christmas the mistress went to market, the maid carrying the basket. She would get her turkey, cranberries, celery, oysters, and a little pig for roasting whole. The day before Christmas the real excitement began. The stuffing was made, and such stuffing! Bread crumbs, beef suet, liver, lemon peels, nut meg, savory, pepper, salt, cream and eggs. The little pig, only four or five weeks old, was filled to his utmost capacity with mashed potatoes or apples. Not the least to be considered were the green decorations. Ground pine for festoons and wreaths, mistletoe to hang, and holly everywhere were the necessities. When Christmas morning came the excitement was at the highest pitch. The housewife, her daughters and her maids were up early. The brick oven was heated and the mince pies put in. The turkey was dredged with flour and put on the spit, with a small unwilling child to watch and turn it as it browned. Another child was set to cracking nuts and polishing apples. Roasting the Little Pig. The little pig was put before the fire to roast In the dripping pan, in which were three bottles of red wine for basting. While the things were cooking a long table, the length of the room, was spread with the white linen cloth, napkin, china and silver or pewter. In the middle of the table was the famsd Christmas bowl. Here are the quaint directions for making it: "Break nine sponge cakes and half ft pound of macaroons in a deep dish; pour over one pint raisin wine, half pint sherry. Leave them to soak. Sweeten with two ounces of powdered sugar candy and pour over one pint and a half of custard. Stick with two ounces sliced almonds. Place on a stand and ornament with Christmas evergreens." The tankard with the Christmas brew was put on the table, and all the sillabubs, jellies, pickles, lemon tarts, red apples, nuts, the cookies and the cherries fresh from the hay. The fireplaces were now blazing, and the red berries and green leaves of the holly were shin ing in the light The mistletoe was waiting for the unwary, and the good smell of the brown turkey, savory rtuf flng and applesauce was everywhere. Don Their Best Frocks. After the housewife and her daughters had seen to everything they hurried to put on their best flowered Bilks, with white whims around their necks and the most secret beautiflers on their faces. ... - - Then the dinner being nearly cooked, they1 took the little browned pig, raised him gently and put two small loaves of bread under him, and added more wine; n anchovy, a bundle of sweet herbs and half lemon was put Into the sauce, which was poured over him hot. They bad him sitting on his haunches looking lifelike. Then they put j ' 0 a red apple in his mouth, which, alas I he could never eat, and garnished him with holly. At last tho company came, the mistress pre serving calm exterior, but with an Inward anxiety lest something be burned or spilled at tho last moment. When all is ready the beaming host says, "Friends, will thee join us in the Christmas feast?" And with great dignity he leads them, with the guest of honor on his arm, followed by the older people and the children. The Table Decorated. The table is a picture to cheer the hungry. The large turkey Is at cne end and the pig at the other end of the long table, with everything they are to eat between, excepting the plum pudding. After the silent grace, which stills the noise for a moment, the carver takes his knife, and with a deliberation born of steady nerves carves under the fire of twenty pairs of eyes. The directions In "Gentlewoman's House wifery" says: "Raise the leg fairly of the tur key and open the Joint with the point of the knife, but do not take off the leg. "Then lace down both sides of the breat bone and open the breast pinion, but do not take It off. Then raise the Merry Thought between the breast bone and the top of it," and so on till the turkey is boned. While this Is being done the "Christmas bowl" is passed. After they are helped to turkey and pig they pass the vegetables and delicacies, and even the mince pie Is eaten when they have the desire for it. The Correct Manners. The proper conventions are strictly adhered to. The book of etiquette says: "A gentlewom an must not lean her elbows on tho table, nor by a ravenous gesture discover a voracious appe tite, nor talk with her mouth full, nor smack her lips like a pig." The children were kept In order. In all the feast was decorous, but merry for all that At last, when they have eaten to the extent ot their capacity, the plum pudding, blazing and with a piece of holly stuck In the top, Is brought In and eaten with brandy sauce. Then the toasts are drunk with the good home-brewed wine, and ' the feast is done. ... - ' HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS Christmas, originally Cristas masse ("the mass or church festival of Christ"), Is the English name for the season in which the birth ot Christ is commemorated. It Is apparent, however, that a festival was celebrated at this season long be fore it was held sacred as the birthday of Jesus of Nazareth. The Saturnalia of the Romansnd the winter festival of the heathen Britons were both celebrated about December 25; and later, the Roman festival In honor of the sun god, Mithra (Instituted 273 A. D.) From the latter the day became to be known as the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun;" and after its adoption by the Christian church in the fourth century as the anniversary ot Christ's birth, this name was given a symbolic Interpretation. A study of the customs associated with this period also reveals ft heathen, if not Invariably a solar, origin. The lighting of the Yule log (la buche de Noel) on Christmas eve, once a wide spread European custom, is or was a function ot. such predominant importance among the Li thuanians and Letts that thalr words for Christ mas eve literally signify "Log evening." The sports of the "Lords of Misrule" In England are thought to be an Inheritance from the Saturnallft. The decoration of churches with the once sacred mistletoe and holly la pagan survival. LL gifts, carefully marked, should be consigned the day before to the one in charge, and she must purchase a quanity of clothesline and clothespins. The- line should be stretched back and forth across the living room, and each gift, wrapped In tissue paper and tied with red ribbonsr should be fastened to tho line by clothespin, decorated with wings of red and green paper. In the bay window a table should be arranged on which Is placed ft "Jack Horner" pie, containing Christmas souvenir for each member of the family.' The ribbons attached to the pack ages in the pie should be carried up to a holly- decorated hoop suspended over the table, each ribbon tagged with the name of the one for whom It Is Intended.' When the 'family Wash" has been taken down each person seeking his or her own gift they gather around the pie, and at a signal pull out their plums." '- Hidden In Egg Shells. When the family Is all present at breakfast start to serve the meal of coffee, bread and but ter, ham and soft-cooked eggs without any men tion of gifts. At each place have an eggcup or saucer, on , which you put an egg, the contents having been removed previously through a small hole in the end; partly fill with sand, and let each contain a small paper with a suggestion In poetry of where or how to find their gifts. As each person thinks he is cracking his egg he finds the puzzle Inside. Much merriment and good cheer will be the result Serve original content" of eggshells In omelet with the ham.. .... ... . Hide one person's gifts In bookcase, paper In egg to reao: , "'Jljyov are either wise or smart Youll find me In ft hurry. Among gifted people I now dwell; , , '- So. hnjit, don't. sit and worry. .. . . . ' . Fr0,t King and Snowballs, As this is the time for the clever woman of " the family to devise some unique way of dis tributing Christmas gifts, she may decorate the living room with evergreens, holly and mistle toe, and then place In one cornei a table covered with a white cloth, hidden from view by a screen of generous size. On this table Is placed snow balls. These snowballs, made of white cotton batting and tied with white robbon, contain each designated present, and are heaped in a pyra mid, thus obtaining a mass Of snowballs' of varied size. The pile Is scattered freely with diamond dust, In order to give It an attractive sparkle. If there Is a small boy In the bouse he may be dressed as a Frost King In ft costume ot white wadding, sprinkled with diamond dust; leaves and holly berries can be . sewed here and there upon the robe. At a given signal the screen Is removed, disclosing the tiny Frost King, who, with a few words ot Christmas greeting, gathers the snowballs into a pretty basket, and as each ball bears a small tag he finds no difficulty Is distributing the gifts to those assembled. A Holly Pie. A novel way of distributing Christmas gifts on Christmas morning Is to make big pie In the center of the table of holly branches, and ar range It so the gifts can be easily drawn from under it Each gift must be tied with a narrow red ribbon and one end lead to each place at the table. This Is great fun, and of course every one Is anxious to see who gets the1 most rib bons, the lucky one being declared the most popu lar. The pie is not "opened" until end ot break fast. ' A Christmas Trail. One member of the family should take charge ot the gifts, and when the coast Is clear should lay the "trail", with them In all of the available downstairs rooms.. Start from a tiny Christmas tree on the living room table by fastening to' It a card for each person, marked, ' for example, thus: "Card No. 1, father. Look for card No. 1 In umbrella stand In hall." ' In the stand he wilt find a package tagged in this manner; "Card No. 2, father.' Look for card No. 3 In your hat In hall closet." The third card will be" found on a gift In the spot designated, with farther instructions, which are followed on to the next, until all his . presents come to light Everyone pursues his or her trail at once, and a merry scone of confusion ; . Is the result, These cards may be prepared be forehand, and no difficulty will be experienced If, In placing the gifts, each trail Is finished before starting to lay another. The last cards ' should direct the family to their places at the dining room table, where they will find amusing souve nirs of the occasion.-. "- " Cobweb Method. A rather novel and entirely -inexpensive way of distributing Christmas gifts Is to employ the "cobweb" method. Suspend a rope diagonally across the room, over which the strings may cross, each string to be labeled at its source with the name, of the member ot the family or the , friend for whom It is Intended. A sheet can be hung across one end ot the room, hiding the gifts , . from view until time for winding the strings. Let all begin the quest at once, It being necessary to' find the beginnings of the strings ' where the names are attached. This will afford consider able amusement, as the strings should be run through keyholes, under - beds, over transoms and even out of doors, If possible. .Aside, from the element of mystery contained In this method, there is the added value which attaches to those things which have been realty earned through one's own efforts. Governor Takes Up Petitions With View of Granting Executive Clem . ency to Prleonere of the State. . ' . Capitol News. . ' - ' Jackson. R. B. Cotton, member of the legist ture from Alcorn county, has prepared bill to be Introduced during the 1910 session, entitled "An Act to Provide a Uniform System of Co-Operatlve Mar kets," and which, if enacted into law, will go far to place Mississippi in the front ranks so far as the marketing of farm produce is concerned. The idea of the bill Is to assist farmers in get ting a market when it is generally glutted.. The organization of the system is placed in the hands ot the state com missioner of agriculture, and he Is em powered to appoint his assistants and fix their compensation. These of fleers will constitute the State Association and will have power to assist and in struct in the organization of clubs. warehouses, elevators, " creameries, canning factories, live stock produc ing and shipping associations, but un der whatsoever name organized the association shall prefix the word "Co operative," and be under the supervis ion of the state organization. The idea is that to make these mar keting clubs or associations of any real merit or assistance to the producers It is necessary to have the indorsement and backing of the state. . Governor Worke on Christmas Pardons Gov. Earl Brewer has returned from a stay of several days at Clarksdale, In the delta, and has taken. up for con sideration a large number of pardon petitions. .' The governor, on the eve of Christ mas, is being besieged, as usual, with petitions for Christmas pardons, many convicts hoping that he will be unusu ally lenient at this season of the year. He Is making careful investigation of air "pardon petitions, but, how many be wlllgrant he has not indicated. Had Joe Many Wives. " The requisition of Gov. Hall of Louis iana, for J. H. Garner,' alleged forger and bigamist, who styles himself a "re former" and "lecturer," has reached Gov. Earl Brewer, but no action has been taken on it, as the chief execu tive will await the outcome of Gar ner's trial on charges of lunacy. Garner was arrested here by Chief of Polic Sam Nunnery recently, when his wife, formerly Miss Laura Bates, of Marshall, Ark., discovered that her husband had other wives, according to reports. Since then officers have re ceived letters from : Various parts of Louisiana and Alabama saying Garner had wives from whom he had not been divorced. Arbor Day at Normal.. The State Normal College at Hat- tlesburg announces that December 22 will be "Arbor Day" at that youngest of the educational institutions belong ing to Mississippi, and its patrons and friends are asked to bring or send a tree or two, no matter wnat the variety,- to be planted on the campus which comprises 120 acres of cut-over pine lands, from which the Btumps have been pulled and which has been graded according to specifications of the foremost landscape gardeners In the south. Two Convicts fescape. Sergt. C. B. Allen, in charge of the state penitentiary farm in Rankin county, has reported the escape of two of his squad of white men. The two escapes are Albert L. Rowe, 27 years,' and Henry Palmer, about 18 years. Rowe was sentenced from Tal lahatchie county In May, 1915, to three years'' imprisonment, for whitecap- ping, and Palmer, from Perry county, In October, 1914, to three years tor grand larceny. - Petition For Pardon. i.. It is reported from Natchez that a petition for the pardon of D. W.' Alex ander, 'Who killed his brother-in-law, Henry ' Harris, at . Forst Adams in 1913, is being published. A counter petition is being circulated by friends and relatives of the deceased,' asking Gov. Brewer not to grant the pardon. MISSISSIPPI STATE BREVITIES A new school building to be erected at Clinton will cost about. $12,000. Ar chitects are now working on the plans. Maggie Hickey, aged 53, a negro woman, was burned" to death at Water Vallely while at home alone and sick. Earl Land, the 17-year-old Columbus boy who was accidentally shot while hunting, is improving steadily. The Income tax records show, that Mississippi has one Individual whose annual income ll from $76,0QQ to f 100, 900. W. T. Miller, Aged Winston County - Citizen, la Killed by Passenger Be tween Sturgls .and Ackerman While Walking Track. Starkvllle. Creamery men and dai ry workers from all sections ot Mis sissippi gathered at the A. and M. col lege Dec. 15, and completed the organ ization ot the State Creamerymen's As-. sociatlou for the purpose of furnishing practical knowledge of creamery meth ods, the development of the dairy In dustry, and for promoting better facil ities for the transfer and. storage of butter in the state. ' This movement was launched during the Mississippi-Alabama fair at Meri dian, when a number of creamerymen and dairy workers held a preliminary meeting. OKtcers were elected for the coming ' year,, as follows:. President, J. M. Alexander; vice-president, Frank John son, manager of the Aberdeen cream- ' ery; secretary and treasurer, George- M. Long, manager of the Macon cream ery. Board of directors, Lee Harrlng- ' ton, manager of the Clarified Milk ' Company of Meridian; . A. H. Taylor, manager of the Okolona creamery, and Dh J. W. Crumptbn. Run Down By Train. Starkvllle. A fatal accident occur red near Sturgls, In hls county, when W. T. Miller, an aged citizen of Win ston county, residing In the Lokafoma community, was run over and killed by a train. Mr. Miller was on his way to visit a brother at Weir. He was walking on the track between Sturgls and Ackerman when the eastbound passenger train struck him. As soon as the engineer observed the man he slowed up, but as the train was going at such a high rate of speed it was im- -possible to stop before striking the unfortunate, man. He sustained In juries on the head and body which re sulted in his death-a few hours later. . Mr. Miller was about 57 years old and ' leaves ft family. , - . ' 1 ''Negro Shoots White Woman. . Gulfporf. Mrs. T. O." ' Dorsett, ; a middle-aged white woman living at this place, was accosted by a negro in. a clump of bushes in the neighborhood -of the exposition company's grounds. The negro was armed with a double- barrel shotgun, which he leveled at the woman, demanding that she stop immediately, accompanying his order with curses and threats. Mrs. Dorsett, instead of obeying, ran and received the contents of both bar-' rels of the gun, the shot fortunately not entering her body, due to the thick coat and other clothing that she was wearing. The assailant has not been captured. Loans Made to Farmers. Laurel. Loans aggregating more than $15,000 have been made to Jones ' county farmers by the board of super-' visors In session at Laurel since .the first of the month. The loans, which were made from the various bond sink ing funds, ranged from $125 to $760 each and are amply secured by real estate mortgages. Jones was the first county In the state to adopt this means of assisting farmers and the plan has been successful over a period of eight years. Dedicates City Hall Dee. 31. "Meridian. City offllcals have an nounced that the new city hall will be dedicated Dec 31. A. B. Amis, city attorney, will present the building to the people on behalf of the city gov ernment. . The building completed and furnished has cost $175,000, Big Plantation Sold. - Yazoo City. Fully one-half of the Lake Dick plantation, or 1,040 acres, ' has been sold by the former owner, I. N. Gllruth, to T. A. Fletcher of Indian apolis, Ind. The amount paid for It is reported to be approximately $9,-' 000. Negress Hknga Self. Houlka. Sallie Belle Moore, a well known negro "auntie" pt Chickasaw county, hanged herself while la the Houston jail by making a rope out of blankets and quilts. She had been ad judged insane. - Gets Rhodes Scholarship. University. William Finger of Rlp" ' ley, Miss., son of M.-'L. Finger, a lead- ' Ing- merchant of that place, has been unanimously solected for the Rhodes scholarship for the appointment begin; nlng next fall. Finger Is perhaps the youngest man ever selected from Mls . slsslppi, being only eighteen, He re-,, celved his early training in the Ripley public school, high school work at Mc Kenzie, Tenn., and is now spending his cond year at Ole Miss, being a mem ber of 'be Junior literary clasa.