THE MACON BEACON. MACON. MISS.
TO HELP F
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PROPOSED LAW WILL PROTECT
8TAP.KVILLE. MEETING HELD TO j
PROMOTE INDU8TRY OFFI- I
i : V CER3 ELECTED.
PRODUCERS WITH- THEIR
' TRUCK ON MARKET. .
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L. fir" L . t V ... Yv
CHRISTMAS PARDONS COMING
IS RUN DOWN BY TRAIN
HE Christmas season brings to mind
the many Christmas days gone by,
with their four great features tur
key, cranberry sauce, plum pudding
and mince pie.
It was a good old English cus
tom, not to be rejected by the
American colonists, although modi
fications were necessary to suit the
religion ind conditions of living
in the colonies, the Christ-Bpirlt
being substituted for the pagan
yuletlde, the famous "boar's head"
was omitted, and the Christmas Die
became known as mince pie. However, many old
observances were kept. Including the mistletoe
and holly, and Christmas was a day for family
gatherings, with a feast prepared by tho women
of the house.
It Is quite possible that we would not like
their flavorings today. They used a variety of
spices, wines and seasonings In even their plain
est dishes; but as everything was prepared in
the home, either under the supervision of the
,-r ' i -ess or by her own hands, the mixtures were
Everything was turned to account In the sea
sun with a view to future use, so in this way
preparations for the holiday were going on long
leforo the day.
In cherry time, a supply was carefully packed
In hay and kept for Christmas.
The Christmas cookies, with coriander seed
In them, were baked six months before and kept
In an earthenware Jar In the cellar.
Mince Meat Recipe.
The rich plum pudding and cakes were made
early in the fall and put away to mellow and
The mincemeat was then made, the recipe for
which was recently found in an old Philadelphia
oookbook. We copy all but the spelling: "Four
pounds veal, four pounds suet, two pounds rais
ins, one pound currants, six apples, some rose
water and sack half a pound, no more of sugar,
three-fourths pound cloves, mace, nutmeg and
- cinnamon, some candied orange peel, lemon peel,
citron and blanched almonds."
They made a puff paste for their pies differ
ent from ours. One recipe called for flour, one
pound butter, ten eggs and some milk or water.
Some housewives made their winter supply rf
mince pies before Thanksgiving and reheated
them before using.
For the lemon tarts, the lemons had to be first
soaked in salt water for two days. Then every
day for fourteen days they were put into fresh
cold water. When they were made, apples, or
anges and sugar were added. f
A few days before Christmas the mistress went
to market, the maid carrying the basket. She
would get her turkey, cranberries, celery, oysters,
and a little pig for roasting whole.
The day before Christmas the real excitement
began. The stuffing was made, and such stuffing!
Bread crumbs, beef suet, liver, lemon peels, nut
meg, savory, pepper, salt, cream and eggs. The
little pig, only four or five weeks old, was filled
to his utmost capacity with mashed potatoes or
Not the least to be considered were the green
decorations. Ground pine for festoons and
wreaths, mistletoe to hang, and holly everywhere
were the necessities.
When Christmas morning came the excitement
was at the highest pitch. The housewife, her
daughters and her maids were up early. The
brick oven was heated and the mince pies put in.
The turkey was dredged with flour and put on
the spit, with a small unwilling child to watch
and turn it as it browned.
Another child was set to cracking nuts and
Roasting the Little Pig.
The little pig was put before the fire to roast
In the dripping pan, in which were three bottles
of red wine for basting.
While the things were cooking a long table,
the length of the room, was spread with the
white linen cloth, napkin, china and silver or
In the middle of the table was the famsd
Christmas bowl. Here are the quaint directions
for making it:
"Break nine sponge cakes and half ft pound of
macaroons in a deep dish; pour over one pint
raisin wine, half pint sherry. Leave them to
soak. Sweeten with two ounces of powdered
sugar candy and pour over one pint and a half
of custard. Stick with two ounces sliced almonds.
Place on a stand and ornament with Christmas
The tankard with the Christmas brew was put
on the table, and all the sillabubs, jellies, pickles,
lemon tarts, red apples, nuts, the cookies and the
cherries fresh from the hay.
The fireplaces were now blazing, and the red
berries and green leaves of the holly were shin
ing in the light
The mistletoe was waiting for the unwary, and
the good smell of the brown turkey, savory rtuf
flng and applesauce was everywhere.
Don Their Best Frocks.
After the housewife and her daughters had
seen to everything they hurried to put on their
best flowered Bilks, with white whims around
their necks and the most secret beautiflers on
their faces. ... - -
Then the dinner being nearly cooked, they1 took
the little browned pig, raised him gently and put
two small loaves of bread under him, and added
more wine; n anchovy, a bundle of sweet herbs
and half lemon was put Into the sauce, which
was poured over him hot. They bad him sitting
on his haunches looking lifelike. Then they put
j ' 0
a red apple in his mouth, which, alas I he could
never eat, and garnished him with holly.
At last tho company came, the mistress pre
serving calm exterior, but with an Inward
anxiety lest something be burned or spilled at tho
When all is ready the beaming host says,
"Friends, will thee join us in the Christmas
feast?" And with great dignity he leads them,
with the guest of honor on his arm, followed by
the older people and the children.
The Table Decorated.
The table is a picture to cheer the hungry.
The large turkey Is at cne end and the pig at
the other end of the long table, with everything
they are to eat between, excepting the plum
After the silent grace, which stills the noise
for a moment, the carver takes his knife, and
with a deliberation born of steady nerves carves
under the fire of twenty pairs of eyes.
The directions In "Gentlewoman's House
wifery" says: "Raise the leg fairly of the tur
key and open the Joint with the point of the
knife, but do not take off the leg.
"Then lace down both sides of the breat bone
and open the breast pinion, but do not take It
off. Then raise the Merry Thought between the
breast bone and the top of it," and so on till
the turkey is boned. While this Is being done
the "Christmas bowl" is passed.
After they are helped to turkey and pig they
pass the vegetables and delicacies, and even the
mince pie Is eaten when they have the desire
The Correct Manners.
The proper conventions are strictly adhered
to. The book of etiquette says: "A gentlewom
an must not lean her elbows on tho table, nor by
a ravenous gesture discover a voracious appe
tite, nor talk with her mouth full, nor smack her
lips like a pig."
The children were kept In order. In all the
feast was decorous, but merry for all that
At last, when they have eaten to the extent ot
their capacity, the plum pudding, blazing and
with a piece of holly stuck In the top, Is brought
In and eaten with brandy sauce. Then the toasts
are drunk with the good home-brewed wine, and '
the feast is done. ... - '
HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS
Christmas, originally Cristas masse ("the mass
or church festival of Christ"), Is the English
name for the season in which the birth ot Christ
is commemorated. It Is apparent, however, that
a festival was celebrated at this season long be
fore it was held sacred as the birthday of Jesus
of Nazareth. The Saturnalia of the Romansnd
the winter festival of the heathen Britons were
both celebrated about December 25; and later,
the Roman festival In honor of the sun god,
Mithra (Instituted 273 A. D.) From the latter the
day became to be known as the "Birthday of the
Unconquered Sun;" and after its adoption by the
Christian church in the fourth century as the
anniversary ot Christ's birth, this name was
given a symbolic Interpretation.
A study of the customs associated with this
period also reveals ft heathen, if not Invariably
a solar, origin. The lighting of the Yule log (la
buche de Noel) on Christmas eve, once a wide
spread European custom, is or was a function ot.
such predominant importance among the Li
thuanians and Letts that thalr words for Christ
mas eve literally signify "Log evening." The
sports of the "Lords of Misrule" In England are
thought to be an Inheritance from the Saturnallft.
The decoration of churches with the once sacred
mistletoe and holly la pagan survival.
LL gifts, carefully marked, should be
consigned the day before to the one
in charge, and she must purchase a
quanity of clothesline and clothespins.
The- line should be stretched back
and forth across the living room, and
each gift, wrapped In tissue paper
and tied with red ribbonsr should be
fastened to tho line by clothespin,
decorated with wings of red and green
In the bay window a table should
be arranged on which Is placed ft
"Jack Horner" pie, containing
Christmas souvenir for each member
of the family.' The ribbons attached to the pack
ages in the pie should be carried up to a holly-
decorated hoop suspended over the table, each
ribbon tagged with the name of the one for whom
It Is Intended.' When the 'family Wash" has been
taken down each person seeking his or her own
gift they gather around the pie, and at a signal
pull out their plums." '-
Hidden In Egg Shells.
When the family Is all present at breakfast
start to serve the meal of coffee, bread and but
ter, ham and soft-cooked eggs without any men
tion of gifts.
At each place have an eggcup or saucer, on
, which you put an egg, the contents having been
removed previously through a small hole in the
end; partly fill with sand, and let each contain
a small paper with a suggestion In poetry of
where or how to find their gifts.
As each person thinks he is cracking his egg
he finds the puzzle Inside.
Much merriment and good cheer will be the
Serve original content" of eggshells In omelet
with the ham.. .... ... .
Hide one person's gifts In bookcase, paper In
egg to reao: ,
"'Jljyov are either wise or smart
Youll find me In ft hurry.
Among gifted people I now dwell; ,
, '- So. hnjit, don't. sit and worry. .. . .
. ' . Fr0,t King and Snowballs,
As this is the time for the clever woman of
" the family to devise some unique way of dis
tributing Christmas gifts, she may decorate the
living room with evergreens, holly and mistle
toe, and then place In one cornei a table covered
with a white cloth, hidden from view by a screen
of generous size. On this table Is placed snow
balls. These snowballs, made of white cotton
batting and tied with white robbon, contain each
designated present, and are heaped in a pyra
mid, thus obtaining a mass Of snowballs' of
varied size. The pile Is scattered freely with
diamond dust, In order to give It an attractive
sparkle. If there Is a small boy In the bouse he
may be dressed as a Frost King In ft costume ot
white wadding, sprinkled with diamond dust;
leaves and holly berries can be . sewed here and
there upon the robe. At a given signal the screen
Is removed, disclosing the tiny Frost King, who,
with a few words ot Christmas greeting, gathers
the snowballs into a pretty basket, and as each
ball bears a small tag he finds no difficulty Is
distributing the gifts to those assembled.
A Holly Pie.
A novel way of distributing Christmas gifts
on Christmas morning Is to make big pie In
the center of the table of holly branches, and ar
range It so the gifts can be easily drawn from
under it Each gift must be tied with a narrow
red ribbon and one end lead to each place at
the table. This Is great fun, and of course every
one Is anxious to see who gets the1 most rib
bons, the lucky one being declared the most popu
lar. The pie is not "opened" until end ot break
A Christmas Trail.
One member of the family should take charge
ot the gifts, and when the coast Is clear should
lay the "trail", with them In all of the available
downstairs rooms.. Start from a tiny Christmas
tree on the living room table by fastening to' It
a card for each person, marked, ' for example,
thus: "Card No. 1, father. Look for card No. 1
In umbrella stand In hall." ' In the stand he wilt
find a package tagged in this manner; "Card No.
2, father.' Look for card No. 3 In your hat In hall
closet." The third card will be" found on a gift
In the spot designated, with farther instructions,
which are followed on to the next, until all his
. presents come to light Everyone pursues his or
her trail at once, and a merry scone of confusion ;
. Is the result, These cards may be prepared be
forehand, and no difficulty will be experienced If,
In placing the gifts, each trail Is finished before
starting to lay another. The last cards ' should
direct the family to their places at the dining
room table, where they will find amusing souve
nirs of the occasion.-. "- "
A rather novel and entirely -inexpensive way
of distributing Christmas gifts Is to employ the
"cobweb" method. Suspend a rope diagonally
across the room, over which the strings may
cross, each string to be labeled at its source with
the name, of the member ot the family or the
, friend for whom It is Intended. A sheet can be
hung across one end ot the room, hiding the gifts
, . from view until time for winding the strings. Let
all begin the quest at once, It being necessary to'
find the beginnings of the strings ' where the
names are attached. This will afford consider
able amusement, as the strings should be run
through keyholes, under - beds, over transoms
and even out of doors, If possible.
.Aside, from the element of mystery contained
In this method, there is the added value which
attaches to those things which have been realty
earned through one's own efforts.
Governor Takes Up Petitions With
View of Granting Executive Clem
. ency to Prleonere of the State. .
' . Capitol News. . '
- ' Jackson.
R. B. Cotton, member of the legist
ture from Alcorn county, has prepared
bill to be Introduced during the 1910
session, entitled "An Act to Provide a
Uniform System of Co-Operatlve Mar
kets," and which, if enacted into law,
will go far to place Mississippi in the
front ranks so far as the marketing of
farm produce is concerned. The idea
of the bill Is to assist farmers in get
ting a market when it is generally
The organization of the system is
placed in the hands ot the state com
missioner of agriculture, and he Is em
powered to appoint his assistants and
fix their compensation. These of fleers
will constitute the State Association
and will have power to assist and in
struct in the organization of clubs.
warehouses, elevators, " creameries,
canning factories, live stock produc
ing and shipping associations, but un
der whatsoever name organized the
association shall prefix the word "Co
operative," and be under the supervis
ion of the state organization.
The idea is that to make these mar
keting clubs or associations of any real
merit or assistance to the producers
It is necessary to have the indorsement
and backing of the state. .
Governor Worke on Christmas Pardons
Gov. Earl Brewer has returned from
a stay of several days at Clarksdale,
In the delta, and has taken. up for con
sideration a large number of pardon
The governor, on the eve of Christ
mas, is being besieged, as usual, with
petitions for Christmas pardons, many
convicts hoping that he will be unusu
ally lenient at this season of the year.
He Is making careful investigation of
air "pardon petitions, but, how many be
wlllgrant he has not indicated.
Had Joe Many Wives. "
The requisition of Gov. Hall of Louis
iana, for J. H. Garner,' alleged forger
and bigamist, who styles himself a "re
former" and "lecturer," has reached
Gov. Earl Brewer, but no action has
been taken on it, as the chief execu
tive will await the outcome of Gar
ner's trial on charges of lunacy.
Garner was arrested here by Chief
of Polic Sam Nunnery recently, when
his wife, formerly Miss Laura Bates,
of Marshall, Ark., discovered that her
husband had other wives, according to
reports. Since then officers have re
ceived letters from : Various parts of
Louisiana and Alabama saying Garner
had wives from whom he had not been
Arbor Day at Normal..
The State Normal College at Hat-
tlesburg announces that December 22
will be "Arbor Day" at that youngest
of the educational institutions belong
ing to Mississippi, and its patrons and
friends are asked to bring or send a
tree or two, no matter wnat the variety,-
to be planted on the campus
which comprises 120 acres of cut-over
pine lands, from which the Btumps
have been pulled and which has been
graded according to specifications of
the foremost landscape gardeners In
Two Convicts fescape.
Sergt. C. B. Allen, in charge of the
state penitentiary farm in Rankin
county, has reported the escape of
two of his squad of white men. The
two escapes are Albert L. Rowe, 27
years,' and Henry Palmer, about 18
years. Rowe was sentenced from Tal
lahatchie county In May, 1915, to three
years'' imprisonment, for whitecap-
ping, and Palmer, from Perry county,
In October, 1914, to three years tor
grand larceny. -
Petition For Pardon. i..
It is reported from Natchez that a
petition for the pardon of D. W.' Alex
ander, 'Who killed his brother-in-law,
Henry ' Harris, at . Forst Adams in
1913, is being published. A counter
petition is being circulated by friends
and relatives of the deceased,' asking
Gov. Brewer not to grant the pardon.
MISSISSIPPI STATE BREVITIES
A new school building to be erected
at Clinton will cost about. $12,000. Ar
chitects are now working on the plans.
Maggie Hickey, aged 53, a negro
woman, was burned" to death at Water
Vallely while at home alone and sick.
Earl Land, the 17-year-old Columbus
boy who was accidentally shot while
hunting, is improving steadily.
The Income tax records show, that
Mississippi has one Individual whose
annual income ll from $76,0QQ to f 100,
W. T. Miller, Aged Winston County
- Citizen, la Killed by Passenger Be
tween Sturgls .and Ackerman
While Walking Track.
Starkvllle. Creamery men and dai
ry workers from all sections ot Mis
sissippi gathered at the A. and M. col
lege Dec. 15, and completed the organ
ization ot the State Creamerymen's As-.
sociatlou for the purpose of furnishing
practical knowledge of creamery meth
ods, the development of the dairy In
dustry, and for promoting better facil
ities for the transfer and. storage of
butter in the state.
' This movement was launched during
the Mississippi-Alabama fair at Meri
dian, when a number of creamerymen
and dairy workers held a preliminary
OKtcers were elected for the coming '
year,, as follows:. President, J. M.
Alexander; vice-president, Frank John
son, manager of the Aberdeen cream- '
ery; secretary and treasurer, George-
M. Long, manager of the Macon cream
ery. Board of directors, Lee Harrlng- '
ton, manager of the Clarified Milk '
Company of Meridian; . A. H. Taylor,
manager of the Okolona creamery, and
Dh J. W. Crumptbn.
Run Down By Train.
Starkvllle. A fatal accident occur
red near Sturgls, In hls county, when
W. T. Miller, an aged citizen of Win
ston county, residing In the Lokafoma
community, was run over and killed
by a train. Mr. Miller was on his way
to visit a brother at Weir. He was
walking on the track between Sturgls
and Ackerman when the eastbound
passenger train struck him. As soon
as the engineer observed the man he
slowed up, but as the train was going
at such a high rate of speed it was im- -possible
to stop before striking the
unfortunate, man. He sustained In
juries on the head and body which re
sulted in his death-a few hours later. .
Mr. Miller was about 57 years old and '
leaves ft family. , - . ' 1
''Negro Shoots White Woman. .
Gulfporf. Mrs. T. O." ' Dorsett, ; a
middle-aged white woman living at
this place, was accosted by a negro in.
a clump of bushes in the neighborhood -of
the exposition company's grounds.
The negro was armed with a double-
barrel shotgun, which he leveled at
the woman, demanding that she stop
immediately, accompanying his order
with curses and threats.
Mrs. Dorsett, instead of obeying, ran
and received the contents of both bar-'
rels of the gun, the shot fortunately
not entering her body, due to the thick
coat and other clothing that she was
wearing. The assailant has not been
Loans Made to Farmers.
Laurel. Loans aggregating more
than $15,000 have been made to Jones '
county farmers by the board of super-'
visors In session at Laurel since .the
first of the month. The loans, which
were made from the various bond sink
ing funds, ranged from $125 to $760
each and are amply secured by real
estate mortgages. Jones was the first
county In the state to adopt this
means of assisting farmers and the
plan has been successful over a period
of eight years.
Dedicates City Hall Dee. 31.
"Meridian. City offllcals have an
nounced that the new city hall will be
dedicated Dec 31. A. B. Amis, city
attorney, will present the building to
the people on behalf of the city gov
ernment. . The building completed and
furnished has cost $175,000,
Big Plantation Sold.
- Yazoo City. Fully one-half of the
Lake Dick plantation, or 1,040 acres, '
has been sold by the former owner, I.
N. Gllruth, to T. A. Fletcher of Indian
apolis, Ind. The amount paid for It
is reported to be approximately $9,-'
Negress Hknga Self.
Houlka. Sallie Belle Moore, a well
known negro "auntie" pt Chickasaw
county, hanged herself while la the
Houston jail by making a rope out of
blankets and quilts. She had been ad
judged insane. -
Gets Rhodes Scholarship.
University. William Finger of Rlp" '
ley, Miss., son of M.-'L. Finger, a lead- '
Ing- merchant of that place, has been
unanimously solected for the Rhodes
scholarship for the appointment begin;
nlng next fall. Finger Is perhaps the
youngest man ever selected from Mls .
slsslppi, being only eighteen, He re-,,
celved his early training in the Ripley
public school, high school work at Mc
Kenzie, Tenn., and is now spending his
cond year at Ole Miss, being a mem
ber of 'be Junior literary clasa.
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