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THE MACON BEACON, MACON, MISS.
THOROUGH VENTILATION OF CORN. CRIB .,t.. j ' .... ' Perspective of Rat-Proof Corn Crib, Showing Concrete Foundation by Dotted : Line. As a result of many requests tor In Tormatlon regarding a building of tola aort, apectalista In rural engineering in the United States department of agriculture have worked out plana for a corn crib that will both aid In the drying of corn and protect It from rata. As the accompanying drawings how, there are really two cribs In the complete structure, each 32 by 8 feet, with a capacity of 1,000 bushels. If desired, however, only one -of the cribs nay be put up at first and the con struction of the other left to a more ventent time. The two cribs are separated by a driveway 12 feet wide, and the wboln is covered by a gable roof. The drive way floor may be of concrete or dirt. If the ground Is well drained, a dirt floor in the driveway will answer very well. If the floor is of concrete. It will also serve as a feeding Boor for hogs. A wood floor should not be used, as It would harbor rats. .The details of construction can be used In building cribs of greater or less dimensions or of a different type. The devices for ventilating and rat proofing can be used in new cribs or In remodeling old structures. As the plan shows, a concrete foun dation Is put In for all of the-walls. This foundation should extend from below the frost level to 6 Inches above ground for the outer wall and to 8 inches above for the Inner wall. The space between the foundation walls should be filled In with well-tamped cinders or gravel, and on top of this base a concrete floor laid. The differ ence In height above ground between the Inner and the outer concrete foun dations will give a 2-Inch pitch to the floor toward the outer edge and thus drain off water that may beat through the walls 'of the crib. The cinders or gravel underneath the floor prevent moisture & rising from the ground through capillary action. The floor It celt should be constructed of 4 Inches f re-enforced concrete, with the sur face troweled to a smooth finish. If a Concrete driveway la decided jpon, 6 Inches of gravel or cinder floor should be first tamped down and 4-lnch concrete floor with a float finish laid on top. The Iron sockets or Joist hangers, which can readily be obtained on the market, should be set In while the concrete floor Is being laid. As the drawings show, the studs themselves ehould be t by 6 Inches. To these is Balled siding for the outer walls. This aiding consists of 1 by 6 Inch boards with both upper and lower edges bev eled at an angle of 45 degrees. They should be set about 1 Inches apart This permits free entry of air, while the beveled edges lessen the danger of rain beaming Into the crib. However, the beveled edges are not absolutely necessary. In the complete structure the siding on the walls facing the driveway need not be beveled, as there Is no necessity for protection from rain here. On these sides, too, the sid ing boards should not be carried high K e ton too sfOfMfwNs) M (mwrj ? fOA 1000 'tt"a"7Ti Floor Plan of Rat A Best Trees for Fire Wood. ' The man who burns up bis post tim ber In the winter should have no sym pathy when he Is searching for trees suitable for posts and. cannot find them. All gnarled and knotty trees, all crooked and deformed trees, and all partly dead trees should be used up first This gives room for the good timber to grow larger and elves the woodlot a good appearance. Advantage of 8preader. A good reason why the manure spreader Is advantageous is because a man who has his money Invested in an Implement of this sort will take bet tar cars of the manure on the farm. Me will not allow It to lie around and leach, but will get It back on to tbs eld where (t should be placed. er than 6Vi feet This permits the crib to be filled by throwing the corn over the boards. If the-quantity of corn on hand Is sufficient to fill the crib above this point, additional siding boards can be hung on 20-penny spikes driven Into the inner, side of the studs. The boards have holes at proper Inter, vals to fit over the spikes and aro held In plajee by the pressure of the corn. i The rat-proofing Is an important fea ture of the design which the farmer can not afford to neglect One-half Inch mesh wire netting Is put on all sides of the crib between studs and siding and carried to a height of 30 inches above the ground or above tbs floor of the driveway. At the top of the wire a strip of 8-Inch galvanized Iron should be nailed to the outside of the siding. The bottom of the gal vanlzed iron Is 2 Inches lower than the top of the wire, making a total height for the wire and Iron strip of 36 inches all around. This galvanized Iron strip will halt any rats that may climb up the walls. The rat-prootlng is put on the drive side of cribs so that if the doors are left open rats will still be unable to get at the corn Care should be taken not to leave any objects near the walls which would enable a' rat to Jump above the rat proofing. Provision la made for 4 drag doors on the outer side of each crib and 2 rolling doors on the Inside. The drag doors are so designed that corn will roll out of them on to the conveyer belt of a sheller. The rolling doors on the Inside are for access to the crib. They should consist of a frame completely filled with wire netting, with a galvanized Iron strip at the same height as on the wall. The drag doors are made of siding nailed to cleats with the wire mesh between. Movable Inverted troughs of slats are placed, on the floor lengthwise ot the cribs. These are in sections to facilitate handling and are designed to Increase the circulation of air through the corn. As a further aid to circulation of air, movable shafts may be placed at the side or on top of the troughs. The shafts are constructed ot 1 by 3 Inch vertical strips nailed to frames made of 1 by 2 Inch stuff, In order to bold the shafts in place while the cribs are being filled, they may be tacked to the crosstles over head. The number of shafts to be used will depend upon the amount of. moisture In the corn. Complete working drawings for this crib may be obtained from the office of public roads and rural engineering, of the department A bill of materials to enable those Interested In the mat ter to form some idea of the probable expense in their locality of erecting the structure will also be furnished on request As has already been said, however. some of the fundamental principles In volved, the rat-proofing, the ventila tion, and the protection against ground moisture, may be employed advan tageously In smaller buildings. ousmus & co J "fees Loat j I tvtHllt tAK COAM a H - Proof Corn Crib. Marketing Live 8tock. ' "Every farmer should market his own live stock." This Is to be the slogan of the extension work In Min nesota during the coming winter. There are about 200 live stock snip ping associations In Minnesota. There should be three or four times as many. Through a co-operative as sociation which is well organized and managed, the farmers can market their own stock to the very best ad vantage. Adding Vegetable Matter. Plowing cowpeas under adds vege table matter to the soil which tend I to make it loose and resistant to ex cessive dry weather or wet reatber. It also adds chemical fertility to tbs oil in the ray of nitroreo. GREATEST FREE PORT DISTINCTION GIVEN TO THE CITY OF HAMBURG. Has Hlstorlo Background of the High est Interest, Going Back for Cen turiesProf, Kennedy Telia , Origin of Scheme. The most Impressive example of what a free port can be and what It Is apt to promote is Hamburg, Ger many. It is conspicuously foremost, and this despite the fact that Bremen is also a free port. These are the fatherland's biggest shipping centers, and Germany is a high-tariff country, and therefore in this economic particu lar much like the United States. The free port has a historical background gating to the days when cities stood apart from nations and in their Inde pendence held their gates open to the trafflo of the world. Thus, as members of the Hanseatlc league, Hamburg and Bremen flourished commercially more than five centuries ago. They man aged In this fashion to stimulate trade otherwise endangered by the imposi tions levied by petty nobles. As Professor Kennedy expresses it: "When Hamburg, Bremen and Lubock joined the German empire In 1871 tLcy retained their status as freo cities. They belonged politically to the em plre,but they were outside the Ger man Customs union. In order to bring these cities into the German customs confederation Bismarck proposed a plan which gave origin to what we now know as free ports. The cities were taken into the customs union but the harbors were left free. "When Hamburg entered the Gorman Customs union in 1888 she inaugurated the administration ot her free port, which for five years previous had been in process of construction. The free port Is situated on the River Elbe, di rectly abutting the city, which is 65 miles from the sea, and takes in the entire river for a stretch of five miles from Altona to Elbe bridge. The land area comprised within this zone was In 1883 occupied by 16,000 inhabitants, who wore evicted when the land was condemned by the state. There is in the free port a land area of 1,325 acres, In addition to 1,370 acres of water area, all of which is shut oft from the inland by means of a canal on the city side of the harbor and by means ot floating palisades on the other side, The entrances to the city and to the upper and lower Elbe are guarded by customs stations." It Is therefore manifest that the free port of Hamburg is an isolated area capable of separate administration, and the existence ot floating palisades and guarded entrances to the city makes It clear that the tree port Is purposely Isolated so that dutlnbla goods cannot be smuggled Into the mu nicipality, while yet admitting every facility of access, ease of handling and preparation tor reshlpment abroad with minimum ot red tape. In other words, a tree port Is primarily a halt ing place in transit and is an elabo rated development fit the bonded ware house aB we understand it here. New York Sun. Facts About Furs. Although a great number of popular- priced furs masquerade under names that no actual animal claims as Its own, there is no particular secrecy about it One of the fur concerns, for instance, publishes a catalogue to In form customers just what they are actually buying. Alaska bear, for ex ample, is the best Minnesota raccoon. colored a dark brown. Adelaide chin chilla is the fur of a selected, soft haired and delicately-colored Austra lian opossum; French ermine Is the fur of the white hare of France; Bal tlo fox is the fur of a large hare of northern Europe; Iceland white fox is white Tibet lamb, combed until the hair is straight; Kamchatka fox Is the fur of the northern timber wolf Manchurlan fox Is the fur ot a variety ot half-wild dog from Manchuria; Bat tle lynx is the large Belgian hare; Fin land lynx is a species of Australian kangaroo; Siberian pony Is seleoted Russian calf skin; Hudson seal Is muskrat skins of selected quality; and inland seal Is the skin of selected French white hare. Framing a Children's Code. The Missouri children's code com mission appointed by Governor Major has organized its work of codifying all children's laws in the state, and ot drafting needed new laws to be intro duced in the legislature of 1917.- Most of the work will be done at the state university through the departments of law, sociology and political science. The entire commission ot 21 members baa. been divided into subcommittees to handle various sections of the com prehensive outline of' work, .modeled on the general outline sent out by the federal children's bureau. Consider able help Is expected froni the data the latter Is. collocUng on children's law throughout the United States. The expenses of tlio commission will be met by voluntary contributions. Rhodes E. Cave, judge of the St Louis juvenile court, is chairman, and Prof. Manley O. Hudson, of the state uni versity,' secretary. Let Her Alone. "I wish my wife understood baseball so that she could talk to me intelli gently on the subject I propose to keep after ber until she learns." "1 think you are on the wrong tack. Bhe doesn't expect you to understand millinery." LouigrlUa Courier Jour nal - HER POOR, PETTED HUSBAND Wifo's Solicitude for His Health, and Her Own, Was Very Touch ing, Indeed Yes. . The petted husband and his wife were amiably discussing the advisa bility ot a trip to Palm Beach, in or der that the wife of tho petted bus band could get back some ot the strength that, with bur, wasn't so latent as the distinguished physician who called upon her some time dur ing the petted husband's offlco hours thought it ought to be. . , "The only trouble, darling," said the petted husband, "is this: that if you should want me to go with you I should have to leave my business Just at tha period when I am most needed to make our profits large enough for me to maintain you in the proud posi tion to which you have been accus tomed. ,., "On the other hand, should I remain behind, the first of the month will come without your being here, and the thought of opening all the bills for things you have ordeu.dJut for gotten to mention, without your moral support Is rather disconcerting." "And I suppose," 'said the wife of the petted husband, "you have not considered that If I should go alone there .would be no one, absolutely no one, to see about my baggage, arrange about the sleeping compartments and hotel rooms and protect me frora be ing insulted by total strangers. I should tblnk, after our being married all these years, you ought to feel pret ty good about my wanting you to go, anyway, and you would It you had a spark of human feeling in you." Thereupon the petted husband in terviewed the tourist agencies, saw tho hotel representatives, made ar rangements to stave oft his creditors and close up his business for six weeks. At Palm Beach the wife of the pet ted husband remarked to a friend: "Tea, I brought my petted husband along. The poor man absolutely need ed a change ot scene." Life. Unstable Moon. -The celebrated '. observatory at Greenwich, the place from which we reckon longitude, was founded by Charles II in 1675, mainly for the pur pose of investigating the movements of the moon in tho Interests of naviga tion. Although in the Intervening two and a half centuries astronomers have worked at the problem, the moon has not yet become entirely amenable to their mathematics. The tmtrono-mer-royal of Great Britain, in his re port of the work at Greenwich during the past ynr, calls attention to the in. creasing " vlat!on between the cal culated tuition of the moon in the sky and il i real position as shown by the Greenwich observations. The de viation ht a lately been growing in a serious manner. The error last year was more than twelve .times as large as the error twenty years ago, and the av(f.-ageannual increase during the two decades has amounted to half a second of arc in longitude The rea son that astronomers have failed In getting exact results from calculations based on dynamical laws ot gravita tion Is possibly the existence of some attractive force that they have not yet discovered, although the result may bJbo be affected by the true shape of the earth, which still awaits accu rate determination. Youth's Compan ion. Fumed Oak. ... A good method of producing the pe culiar dark brown of old oak Is by fumigation with liquid ammonia. The wood should be placed in a dark and air tight room, and halt a pint or so ot ammonia poured Into an open dish placed upon the ground. The gas that comes from the ammonia acts in a wonderful manner upon the tannic acid in the wood, and browns It so deeply that a shaving or two may In taken off without removing the color. The depth of shade will depend upon the quantity of ammonia used and the time allowed for the operation. Other methods may be used to obtain a sim ilar result. Liquid ammonia may be laid on the wood with a brush or rag, and the color will deepen immediately. Potash bichromate, dissolved in cold water, will produce a similar effect. In Germany, the cabinet makers use very strong coffee for darkening oak. To make It very dark, use iron filings with a little sulphuric acid and water, put on with a sponge, and allow It to dry between each application, until the right hue is reached. . Begin to Sea Daylight. The doctors may disagree over the origin of pellagra (they disagree about most things), but the theory of the public health service is reasonable enough. We are largely what we eat says the. Boston Daily Advertiser. Dis eases that once were fatal are now treated absolutely by diet and treated successfully, as all physicians agree. Perhaps, in another generation, the drug store will be a food shop. In stead of paregoric or castor oil, the family doctor will prescribe orange Juice or lettuce. Every child will know the relatlvo Importance tf fats, pro telds and carbohydrates. A new gen eration will circulate pledges against sugar and pie crust Both have Blaln their thousands and tens of thousands, and sugar has killed more Americana than rattlesnakes ever did. Many a man takes far more worry over the lubricating oil he uses on his motor car than on the fuel he shovels Into his digestive motor. We call this a civilized ago, but in the matter of food and food frauds, we have Just begun emorging from the stone age. BRIDGE IS A WONDER QUEBEC 8TRUCTURE SURPASSES ANY EVER ERECTED. Only tha . Famous Firth of Forth Bridge In Scotland, Constructed In tha Same Manner, Approaches It In Magnitude. ' . . ! In Its general dimensions as well as m the enormous size and weight of the structural members composing it, the Quebec bridge, now in an advanced stage of construction, surpasses any other structure of the kind ever erect ed, say Popular Mechanics.' The one bridge structure in the world that ap proaches It in magnitude is the fa mous Firth of Forth bridge in Scot land, the main channel span ot which la nearly one, , hundred feet shorter than that of the Quebec bridge. Both structures are of the cantilever type. The channel span of the Quebec bridge, measured between centers ot towers, Is 1,800 feet The design and fabrication of the steel for the struc ture therefore presented engineering problems for which no precedents ex isted, and the first attempt to build the bridge made by a private company, resulted in a collapse of the structure in which many lives were lost Fol lowing that catastrophe, the Dominion government took over the work, and a year later undertook the construc tion ot the bridge. The present bridge is on the same site as the original structure, but owing to an Increase ot twenty-one feet in the width between trusses and to a considerable increase In the weight of the superstructure, new piers were necessary, and these were built immediately south of, and adjacent to, the original piers. The two matn piers alone contain approxi mately 60,000 cubic yards of masonry and cost 1st the neighborhood ot II, 600,000. One of these piers goes to a depth of sixty feet below the bed of the river, and the other to a depth ot eighty feet. I t. . - ' In the erection of the bridge the an chor arms, which lie between the main piers and the shore, were constructed on steel falsework, while the canti lever arms are being built out over the river without falsework by the canti lever method. The 640-foot suspended truss to connect the cantilever arms will be built on shoro, floated into po sition on pontoons, and then raised by powerful jacks and connected with tho cantilevers. For the erection of the heavy bridge members two traveling cranes, one working on each side of the river, are used. Each traveler weighs about one thousand tons, and is equipped with two hoisting ma chines each capable of lifting one hun dred tons. The principal feature ot the travelers is a tower that stands 200 feet above the floor of the bridge. Supported on top of the tower are cranes through which the lifting lines are worked. All the machinery on the travelers is electrically operated. To avoid bringing uneven stresses on the partly completed structure, simi lar members on the two sides of the bridge are lifted by the cranes and erected simultaneously. The total length of the bridge between abut ments is 3,239 feet. As now planned, It should be possible for trains to cross the bridge by the end of the year 1916. Aluminum In War. Austria and Germany use more aluminum for war purposes than all the other warring nations combined. It has been known, in fact, that Ger many has for some years been collect ing and storing the metal for war uses. The great majority of the drinking mugs, cans and cups of the German soldier are made of the light metal. The frames for Zeppelins and the fuses for shells are made from alu minum. One of the difficulties the Ger mans have had to face Is the short age of copper necessary for the rings around shells. Many of the German sheila are now provided with alumin um rings. Although aluminum does make a substitute, even in cartridges as well as shells and fuses, It is not so good as copper. The French authorities ex perimented with It some years ago for artillery purposes, but rejected it. The Germans are UBing it in such large quantities becauso they're forced to do so on account ot the shortage ot copper. Chase's Valuation. William M. Chase figured amusingly in a transaction concerning himself and an unartlstlc congressman who own a bad painting. "Isn't thst. grand?" the latter re marked when pointing out his pur chase. "A great bargain, too. Got it for four hundred dollars, and William M. Chase says it is worth .ton thousand dollars." A friend of the painter heard this statement and took it to Chase, who smilingly explained: "He cornered me one day and want ed me to fix a value on it, but I told him I couldn't do It He then came at me with a question I couldn't dodge: " 'Well, Mr. Chase, how much would you charge to paint a picture like thatf t "i assured him most earnestly that I wouldn't paint one like it tor tec thousand dollars.' Snooping Spinclers. "Queer how nervous elderly maiden ladles get" "Isn't it? Why, i have an aunt who it she lived near a river vould look un der tha bed of it every night before going to sleep," BosUn Transcript Asthma-Catarrh " and Bronchitis Can Be Greatly Relieved by die New External Vapor Treatment 1 Don't take internal medicines or habit, forming drugs for these troubles. Vick'a 'Vap-O-Bub" Salve is applied externally and relievee by inhalation as a vapor and by abaocptioe through the skin. Fox Asthma and Hay Fever, melt a little Viok's in a apoon and inhale tha vapors, also rub well over tha spinal column to relax the nervous tension. S5o, 60o, or tl.OO. - Naturally. The magistrate was examining m Witness, to whom he remarked: "You admit you overheard the quar rel between the defendant and his wife?" "Yls. sor, I do," stoutly maintained the witness. "Tell the court, if you can, what he seemed to be doing?" "He seemed to be doin' the listen, in'." Harper's Magazine. IMITATION IS 8INCFREST FLATTERY but like counterfeit money the imita tion has not the worth of the original. InsiBt on "La Croole" Hair Dressing it's the original. Darkens your hair in the natural way, but contains no dye. Price $1.00. Adv. Anticipating. ' "Have you heard that Blglow'a daughter is going to marry a million aire?" "Yes. Heard it yesterday. Biglow tried to borrow ten dollars from mt on the strength of It" Whenever You Need General Tonic Take Grove's The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic is equally valuable aa a Gen. eral Tonic because it contains the well known ionic properties of QUININE and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Build up the Whole System. SO cents. Her Vindication. Ho (annoyed) It's eight o'clock; aud you said you would be here at six. She Did I say six? I thought I Bald seven. Boston TranBcript A HINT TO WISE WOMEN. Don't suffer torture when all female troubles will vanish in thin air after using "Femenina." Price joe and ti.oo. Adv. A pessimist likes a thing he can't enjoy, and an optimist enjoys a thing he can't like. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are the original little liver pills put up 40 years ago. They regulate hver and bowels. Adv. A henpecked husband reminds us of a has-been rooster. Housework Is a Burden it's bard enough to keep house it in perfect health, but a woman who is weak, tired and Buffering from an aching back has a heavy burden. Any woman in this condition has good cause to suspect kidney trou ble, especially if tho kidney action seems disordered. Doan's Kidney Pills have cured thousands of suffering women. It's the best recommended special kid ney remedy. A Tennessee Case "Kvtrj fit Mrs. R. E. Hop per, Henson St., Lexington, Tenn., says: "My back fur 77i at ached so badly 1 thought it would break. My feet and ankles were swollen -and. the flesh under my eyes was puffed up. I often had to get up nights and walk the floor for relief. In spite of doctors' treatment I found no relief until I used Doan's Kidney Pills. They soon fixed me up in good shape." Get Dean's at Any Store, BOc Beat DOAN'S YiV FOSTER-MtLBlJRN CO- BUFFALO, N. T. The Wretchedness of Constipation Can quickly be overcome by CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS. Purely vegetable Am2fiAt 1 Carter's! Ir liver. Cure Biliousness, Head ache, Dizzi ness, and Indigestion. They do their duty. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature The War Has Nade Quinine Too Expensive ' (or anybody but the rich A successful substitute (or quinine, without its unpleas int after effects ia CHILLIFUGE the sweet chill tonic. It also contains an iron tonic of great value in restoring your old vigor, Chillifuge is still sold at the oidprice, 50 cents a bottle by your druggist. Try it. FINLAY, DICKS A CO, NEW ORLEANS TOlcftFl HAIR BALSAM A toll prprtto B'ril Help to rfMlioitta ataBdrvIL FawRsatjtawjsU CtsW attsl BtMwty toGrr m-FmJmI HdkJ toe. Sana iTuryiam, S 1 S fl TTLE JF r I (HVER I JEJ IN : - ' 7 I W. N. U, MEMPHIS. NO. 61-191,