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THE MACON BEACON. MACON, MISS.
EXCELLENT PLAN FOR .- . 'jSMm ii,Tm,,;M,:,,,,iWi!raa!iiiiiiiiiiih,iw,itn?l ' " "in'i'iijivilflBU'ii An Inexpensive, Sanitary Dairy Home Perspective View. (By H. KELLY and K. E. PARKS.) Recent developments in dairying liave caused . a large demand tor a dairy house which will fulfill sani tary requirements and at the same time be practical and inexpensive. For those who are striving to Im prove the quality of their products such a building is an absolute neces sity. Milk which is poured or strained In the barn, or allowed to stand there, is liable to bo contaminated by bac teria and to absorb stable odors. As soon as the cow's milk is drawn it should be carried to the dairy house, to be cooled immediately to 60 de crees F. or lower. An up-to-date san itary dairy house is provided with all the facilities for cooling milk in the most economical and expeditious manner. For convenience the dairy house should be -near the barn, yet so far .COLD WATCt STCAM. Detail of Water and Steam Jet. ifrom it that no barn odors can be detected in the house, and should be on well-drained land which slopes from the house. The principal purpose In building a dairy house is to provide a place where dairy products may be handled apart from anything else. To carry out this idea It is necessary to divide the interior of the building so that the utensils do not have to be washed In the same room where the milk is bandied. The idea of absolute clean liness must always be kept In mind; therefore there should be no unnec essary ledges or rough surfaces on Which dirt may lodge. Ventilators are Cecessary to keep the air in the milk oom fresh and free from all odors iV A X 17 X VA an rA jponni i WASH koOM II MIL 1W cJh- Floor Plan of Dairy House, Showing General Arrangement. And to carry steam away from the Washroom. Windows are of great Im portance, as they admit sunlight and fresh air and facilitate work. In sum mer the doors and windows should be screened to exclude flies and other Insects. It Is Imperative that there be a plentiful supply ot cold, running wa ter at the dairy house. If It Is not possible to have a regular water sys tem water may be piped from an ele vated tank fed by an engine, windmill, hand pump or hydraullo ram. The dairyman can ill afford to spend bis time carrying water In a pall to cool milk and wash utensils. For the proper sterilization of uten sils an abundance of steam or hot water is needed. A pall or can may appear to be nlean and still may con tain numerous bacteria which will hasten the souring of milk, cause bad flavor in butter or cheese, or spread contagion. After the utensils are thor oughly cleaned they should be either scalded with boiling water or steamed. The dairy house should be so built as to economize labor to the greatest extent To do this the building must be arranged to avoid unnecessary steps. ' It is not possible to submit a plan that will suit all conditions, but it is believed that the accompanying de scription ot a dairy bouse will meet the needs of the average dairy that ships either milk or cream in cans. This plan Is capable of considerable Variation to adapt it to a wide sphere Bt usefulness. For larger dairies the SMALL DAIRY HOUSE same arrangement may be used on a larger scale, each room being made of greater size. The building described is 20 feet long, 10 feet wide, 8 feet 6 IncheB high in the front, 6 feet 6 inches in the rear, and has a shed root. The ex terior of the building may be covered with sheathing and building paper or with weatherboarding and shingles, the deciding factors being expense, durability and appearance. The inte rior, however, should be carefully fin ished so that the walls and celling may be smooth and free from corners or projections on which dust or dirt may accumulate. The building should have a good concrete floor pitched to drain through bell traps. The side walls as high as the window should be plastered with cement on metal lathing. The re mainder of the walls and celling may be covered with matched boards and then painted with a white, washable enamel paint. Ventilating flues should extend through the roof from the ceil ings of the cooling room and wash room. The windows should be hinged and set to be flush with the inside wall when they are closed. The equipment of the dairy house consists of a 1 to two horse power vertical boiler, which supplies steam to the sink and to the steam jet In the drain board, a galvanlzed-lron wash sink, a can rack, a Babcock tester, a concrete cooling tank, a milk cooler, and milk scales. A separator may also be located in the mllkroom. After each cow's milk Is drawn it should be carried to the mllkroom, weighed, recorded, sampled for the composite test, and strained. It la then run over the cooler, using cold running water for the first cooling. When a can is filled with milk from the cooler it is put into the cement tank, which should be filled with ice and water well up on the neck of the can, and the contents should be stirred frequently until thoroughly cooled. When the milk Is not being stirred the cans should always be kept covered, to prevent the entrance ot dust, dirt, insects, etc. Never mix warm milk and cold milk or cream. The doors of the mllkroom should be kept shut except when necessary to pass In or out. When all the milk Is cooled the cooler, palls, strainers, etc., can be carried Into the washroom, where they should be rinsed in cold water and COOLHG TAAt YA then washed with hot water and wash ing powder. After this they are rinsed, steamed and inverted on the drain board. For this purpose two pipes may be used, one carrying cold water, the other steam; these may be controlled by either hand or foot levers, or a single jet, fed by both cold water and steam, may be In stalled. The little closet In the wall between the mllkroom and the washroom la to Cross Section Through Dairy Home hold bottles in which the composite milk samples may be kept. The closet can be opened from either room, so that the samples from the mllkroom may be placed in the bottles In the closet and when it is desired to tost the milk they can be reached easily from the washroom;, this arrangement. makes It unnecessary to carry bottlai from one room to the other. 111 . 1 t n i i IF cvnwr.im.tr rw rrcumr naannnjmuom BEGIN ON SMALL SCALE. Where we love In home; Home that our feet may leave, but not our heart. Tho' o'er ua shines the Jasper-lighted dome. The chain may lengthen, but It never parts. "How small a sum may a young couple wed on?" Is a query which Is put to me In scores of letters every day. I hope the reply em bodied in this ar ticle will solve the problem for all. It is not question of how much the hus band is enabled to make, to sup port the home, but how pru dent the wife is and how far she can make a dol lar go. One cou ple lives from hand to mouth on twenty-live a week, while another lives cozily on eighteen, have no debts and are as happy as the day is long. The proper way to do is for the be trothed lovers to plan out these de tails as far as they can before mar riage. They will then have a fair idea of what they are to depend on. The couple that commence wedded life on a scale grander than they can afford soon find themselves at their wits' end to scrape together the money to pay the landlord, the butch er, the baker and candlestick maker, Entertaining friends contiguously costs money, is a useless extravagance and has driven many a young hus band to the wall loaded with debts. It takes courage to wed on a hus band's salary of eighteen per week, The dovecote which houses thorn must be mid humble instead of fashionable surroundings, for rent is a very con siderable item In the household ex penses. The contents of the tiny flat should be paid for ere the newly wedded couple step across their own threshold. The bride should be even at an early age a good housekeeper, know the value of doing her own marketing; how to purchase and what to buy and above all, know the magic art of transforming the left overs of the table into tempting tld-bits to help out the following meal. It should go without saying that she must be her own maid of all work and her own seamstress as well. It is said that "a little nonsense now and then is relished by the best of men." Where so much skimping and saving hae had to be Indulged In, s small stipend a week may be advan tageously spent for amusement which gives pleasure to both. For all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. The same may be applied to Jill. No matter how small the amount of earn ings, it should not be fully used up. A dollar now and then put by proves a godsend ofttimes in the hour of need. Where both work energetically to gether, and happiness crowns their ef forts, it may be said that their mar ried life has proved a success. The young bride who has been accustomed to the luxury of having her own spend ing morey will have to watch herself and che:k her longing for things which are not absolutely necessary to a far greater extent than the girl who has had to work for her living and who knows what It is to purchase little vanltici at the cost of a meal and the repentence for her folly. The husband can only make the money The wife is the homemaker. Upon her shoulders and conscience rest tie results. - Love Is the wonder ful wand which will spur them on to their )est endeavors. The young couple who love each other ;an do better wedded than apart. Nothhg Is accomplished by waiting years to save. Dissatisfaction awaits upon Rich delay. The milk of human klndntss dries out of their hearts. Love s so wrenched and twisted that it woild not take much to break it The snail beginning should not be de spised by the couple who love each other sufficiently to wed. HUSBAND OR PARENT FIRSTT I She who denies me, I would have; Vtio craves me, I despise; Venn hath power to rule my heart Bit not to please mi le eyes. Thatchlldren should love their par ents is the first law of nature. That they siould obey them Implicitly is anothe law, equally as binding. Par ents lore, guard, toil, and often suffer every lardship for their child, to keep hiim C her from undergoing all that they lave passed through. Are all those :ears of patient watching care to bear to fruit? Are the relations which have been terldei and loving to be under the con trol oi a stranger who has stepped Into the timily through marriage? It is said that those Joined at the altar must te nearer and dearer to each oth er thai all others. But this was never intendid to Imply that the measure of affecticn for the dear old loved ones at home should be lessened, or brought to a straining point. ' Marriage often brings about most peculiar situations. Two women, an Old and a young one, of widely dif ferent temperaments, who look out up on life from different viewpoints, are brought into close contact by the younger marrying the older woman's son. "From henceforth I am to be first in your affections," declares the young er woman spiritedly to her bridegroom. "I have given you to another, but do not forget me, my love, and the rev erence always due me," whispers his mother earnestly. The young husband kisses his wife's lips and his mother's forehead, .de voutly believing he will do his duty by both. Many a time a young wife is un reasonably Jealous ot her husband's continued fondness for home and moth er. She sets ber foot down that he shall only go there when he is ac companied by her. What young hus band who idolizes his bride sees any harm in promising it shall be as she wishes? At the outset he is quite blind as to her real motive. The old mother whose idol he still is and will ever be misses more than words can tell the short time he spends with her when he runs in for a few moments on his way to and from business. She soon learns ot the com pact he has made with his wife. The mother understands the motive; tho young husband does not. She realizes If he is obliged to wait for his wife to accompany him that the times when she will greet her boy, clasp him in her arms, hold his hands and stroke his hair will be few and far between. As the mother grows older, her pleasures decrease, while her fondness for her offspring grows stronger and deeper, if that could be. Tho outside world and its gayeties charm her no more. She would rather spend an eve ning looking over the bureau drawer which contains her boy's first clothes than attend the most brilliant social function. No mother really wishes to be the best or first love. She Just wishes to keep her same old place in her child's heart. Wives should en- courace a man's affection for mother. Her reward will be greater in after years. SERIOUS BUSINESS GIRLS. Te guiding powers who join and part, What would ye have with me? Ah, warn some more ambitious heart, And let the peaceful be! Those who fancy that girls who are in business are anxious to wed make a mistake. Some men figure out that most ot them would take the first man that comes along if only for support. Another misguided notion! There is no girl in the world who is more dis criminating than the girl in business, No matter how humble her home sur roundings may be she leaves these en vironments behind her when she sets forth on her daily taBk. She is brought in contact from morning until night with people of the highest ideals, cul tured and refined. The men are ambitious, deep think ers, who accomplish great things. These are the men who Impress her. She admires them for their sterling, noble qualities. In selecting a hus band she wants one who possesses as many ot these sterling qualities as possible. She will not encourage the young man who lounges about town; the kind who is always looking for a job, but dodging the getting of one; tho sort ot fellows who are indifferent regarding their futures their motto being: "Come day, go day! God send Sunday." She knows that the wives of such men would be obliged to live from hand to mouth. Being a sensible girl, she sees that it would be jumping from tho frying pan into the fire. She knows that there are just as many marriage able young men on Cupid's list as there are shirkers. She realizes she is a good girl and is entitled to the best. The business girl does not object to the poor man. She knows that the successful ones mostly have com menced at the bottom of the ladder and worked their way up. She would be willing to do her share of rolling fortune's heavy load up prosperity's hill If the man showed ability to make brave fight in life's battle to get up in the world. She objects seriously to the man who thinks it no harm to have his wife support him. It must not be sup posed that the business girl does not have plenty of wooers. It may be news to some people, but It Is never theless true, that the majority of busi ness girls can count a baker's dozen of suitors apiece. If they do not mar ry it is because they pass by these opportunities to wed, being still un- suited. The girls who are brought in constant contact with intelligent men will take none other when it comes to choosing a husband. They are not easily influenced by a little foolish love talk or castles built In the air. They have the good sense to talk their heart affairs over with their parents. Mother may not be a good judge of mankind, but father is, he will speak out his mind if allowed to. Parents are never so anxious for their daughters to marry that they will sanction an unsuitable match. No one Bhould take it for granted that business girls are easily Infatuated, for they are not Rather Ambiguous. Palette Well, old chap, how's things with you? Doing anything In art? DeAuber I should say so. I've just received a commission from old Mill- yuns, who wants his daughter's por trait painted badly. - Palette Wants it painted badly, eh? I congratulate you, old boy. You're the very chap for a lob l!k that. (Conducted by the National Woman's cnrutian Temperance union.) A WORLD-WIDE WAR. "A world without a liquor nation by 1930" this, said Daniel A. Poling, in an address delivered at the Panama Pacific exposition, this is the goal ot the National Temperance council. The membership ot this organization, of which he is president, la made up ot leaders from 97 national religious and reform societies and its activities are to be international in scope. The first great word of Its declaration ot princi ples is unite, the second educate, and the third exterminate. "The temper ance fanatics today," affirmed Mr. Pol ing, "are not preachers and women, but railroad presidents, owners of steel mills, scientists, popular novelists and war lords. Medical authorities are lay ing charges against the door of John Barleycorn that the most rabid tem perance orator of five years ago never dreamed ot making. "Chief Actuary Hunter of the New Tork Life Insurance company has claimed prosperity In human life for Russia as the result of the prohibi tion of vodka that takes away the breath of a third party Prohibitionist "Sam Blythe is writing temperance articles for the Saturday Evening Post that discount the Union Signal. "William Jennings Bryan, delivering a temperance address in Cooper Union, New York, has used language that vies with the choicest epithets John B. Gough ever employed. "The Carnegie Steel works is strict er in its total abstinence requirements for its employees than is the average church for Its members. "And just now Emperor William and Czar Nicholas have, in the trenches of Flanders and on the plains of Poland, Galicla and Russia, the greatest tem perance societies in the history ot the race. "There is a white ribbon around the world." A MAYOR'S TESTIMONY. Mayor James R. Hanna of Des Moines, la., gives his personal testi mony to the advantages of prohibition as follows: "The saloons were closed on the 16th of February. All the desirable locations were picked up by other businesses within the next few weeks following. A few out-of-the-way loca tions are still vacant. "I cannot see that there is any ap preciable effect because ot throwing men out of employment and certainly no Increase In demands for charity. In fact, it Is exactly the other way. The men who lost employment have gone Into other lines. Boms of them have followed up their former calling in other cities, but the men who were spending in the saloons the money which their families needed are now buying groceries and shoes Instead. The consequence is a very much bet ter tone in every way. In the first place their families are not now in want and In the second place, they are paying their bills for the ordinary necessities. This is making collec tions noticeably better in other lines, so our merchants report. "Our experience proves that a de cisive policy can handle the bootleg ging very effectually. There will be some illicit sales, to be sure, but they can be reduced to a very small mini mum." NO FRIENDS OF J. BARLEYCORN, The saloonkeepers of Washington, D. C, were sorely disappointed, It Is said, because few of the veterans at tending the Grand Army encampment spent their money for drinks. Of the 20,000 marching only one or two were seen "under the influence." One of the old soldiers explained It thus: "The fellows who could drink it or let it alone are not here nearly all of them are In their graves." It is worthy of note that every one of the 128 members ot the post at Hagers town, Md., is a total abstainer and a prohibitionist. One of the features of the parade which evoked much cheering from the crowds of onlook ers was the "West Virginia Water Wagon," which headed the dolegatlor from that state. THE PROOF. A gentleman was riding on the street car the other day, when he saw on the advertising spaces, printed in large, clear letters, these words: 'Pure Rye Whisky Tones Up the Body, Brightens the Intellect, Invig orates the Soul." After reading it his eyes dropped Involuntarily to the seat beneath the advertisement, and there was a drunken man. His eyes were bleared, his face bloated, with red lines of dissipation in it, and his body slouched down in a sort of collapsed way common to men under the Influ ence of liquor. The drunken man was an illustration of the advertisement, and proved the falsehood of It "Win la a mocker." MONTANA WAKING UP. Richland county, Montana, gave a vote ot two to one against the liquor traffic in the first county option elec tion In the state. The liquor men put up a hard fight with five orators work ing overtime to bold the territory. Montana, one of the blackest states on the prohibition map, is waking up, and the days of the liquor trafllo in the state are numbered. Dl M8 BATTING EYE. 'I do not drink: It dims my battlnf eye," said Ty Cobb. fiomeToiiiii Helps? WALL NEED NOT BE UGLY Builder Who Works With Good Tast Can Achieve Results That Are ' of the Beat. There Is no reason why a brick wall should be so dull and monotonous, for there are numerous methods for brick walls of which any clever architect or bricklayer might make use, says a writer In the Dayton Journal. Some times there is a clause in the specifi cations calling for more or less orna mentations of otherwise blank walls. In Holland, where much brick is used in domestic architecture, brick men take delight In showing their skill In making brickwork and nearly every cottage shows specimens of their handicraft It is not the best thing to do to select bricks for facings if the bricks are sound and right in texture. It is pretty safe to say that labor put into that special picking is worse than, thrown away, is positively injurious, and that all those slabs of raw, harsh color might have been rendered soft and harmonious by using the bricks just as they came out of the kiln, with, all the perceptible and imperceptible) graduations of tone conferred upon them by the accidents of burning. Your great bare spaces will be full of variety and interests of what paint ers call "quality," but without preju dice to the breadth of treatment, be cause the smallness of the individual bricks distributes the variation of color so subtly over the whole surface that only those who are "in the know" can realize how it came about And, of course, the larger the surface the wider the diversity of color that can be introduced without disturbing the general tone. LOOK INTO YOUR CELLAR Plenty of Air and Unslaked Lime Make for Health, Says Writer of Experfence. Householders seldom know that their cellars are the storehouses from whence comes 50 per cent of the air of the first floor and 30 per cent of that on the floor above. If they did there would not be so many dank and noi some places filled with refuse and mold, spiders, cobwebs and mice, to say nothing of decayed vegetables and fruits, a writer in Mother's Magazine observes. Vapors from all these com bine to penetrate the whole house and add their poison to the air that is breathed by those living above them. Every cellar, even if kept free from dirt, should be ventilated as carefully In winter as in summer. A musty smell shows that mold plants are grow ing and are waiting to attack fruit and vegetables. Cold will not kill these destructive germs. There should be plenty of air let In the cellar every clear day. Moisture-laden air en tering it condenses on the walls and pipes and soon makes it so damp that it is a menace to the house. All cel lars should have dishes of unslaked lime in them; this takes up moisture with avidity. When the lime crum- j bles, losing entirely its crystalline character, it has become slaked and will take up no more moisture. It should then be renewed. Most Popular Houses. Perhaps the most popular types of dwellings being built at present are the two-family and three-family houees. The reason for this is not hard to understand when one consid ers that the rented apartment or apartments In such a house carry all interest, taxes, water rates and insur ance, and that any money paid in by the owner is in the nature of decreas ing the mortgage, so that In time those payments will pay for the house and he will own it free and clear. An additional feature of the two family or three-family house is that after the house is fully paid for the rentals furnish a steady income and means for the upkeep ot the whole building. Use Telephone Directory. The telephone directory has almost displaced the city directory, because ot the completness of the former and Its accessibility. The last New York city telephone directory contains 350, 00Q listings for 666,000 telephones in ths city. The first telephone directory, issued in 1878, consisted ot a card cohtalnlng the names of 252 subscrib ers. The present directory has 970 pages, and an edition of 610,000 copies has been distributed. The preparation of the directory consumed fifty car loads of paper, seven tons of Ink and 230 miles of binding wire. Canada's School Gardens. No one city is probably doing mors by organized effort to make up home and public gardening Instruction than in Toronto, Ont. Here is a climate the opposite in its make-up to that of southern California, yet the same appreciation of the beautiful and the value of economic thrift Is evidenced in both sections. , Local Jealousy. Some follows can see no big men in their home town. Everybody at homo is as small as they. Toledo Blade,