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Macon beacon. [volume] (Macon, Miss.) 1859-1995, December 31, 1915, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016943/1915-12-31/ed-1/seq-3/

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An Inexpensive, Sanitary Dairy Home Perspective View.
(By H. KELLY and K. E. PARKS.)
Recent developments in dairying
liave caused . a large demand tor a
dairy house which will fulfill sani
tary requirements and at the same
time be practical and inexpensive.
For those who are striving to Im
prove the quality of their products
such a building is an absolute neces
sity. Milk which is poured or strained
In the barn, or allowed to stand there,
is liable to bo contaminated by bac
teria and to absorb stable odors. As
soon as the cow's milk is drawn it
should be carried to the dairy house,
to be cooled immediately to 60 de
crees F. or lower. An up-to-date san
itary dairy house is provided with all
the facilities for cooling milk in the
most economical and expeditious
For convenience the dairy house
should be -near the barn, yet so far
Detail of Water and Steam Jet.
ifrom it that no barn odors can be
detected in the house, and should be
on well-drained land which slopes from
the house.
The principal purpose In building a
dairy house is to provide a place
where dairy products may be handled
apart from anything else. To carry
out this idea It is necessary to divide
the interior of the building so that
the utensils do not have to be washed
In the same room where the milk is
bandied. The idea of absolute clean
liness must always be kept In mind;
therefore there should be no unnec
essary ledges or rough surfaces on
Which dirt may lodge. Ventilators are
Cecessary to keep the air in the milk
oom fresh and free from all odors
iV A X 17 X
VA an rA jponni i WASH koOM II MIL
1W cJh-
Floor Plan of Dairy House, Showing General Arrangement.
And to carry steam away from the
Washroom. Windows are of great Im
portance, as they admit sunlight and
fresh air and facilitate work. In sum
mer the doors and windows should be
screened to exclude flies and other
It Is Imperative that there be a
plentiful supply ot cold, running wa
ter at the dairy house. If It Is not
possible to have a regular water sys
tem water may be piped from an ele
vated tank fed by an engine, windmill,
hand pump or hydraullo ram. The
dairyman can ill afford to spend bis
time carrying water In a pall to cool
milk and wash utensils.
For the proper sterilization of uten
sils an abundance of steam or hot
water is needed. A pall or can may
appear to be nlean and still may con
tain numerous bacteria which will
hasten the souring of milk, cause bad
flavor in butter or cheese, or spread
contagion. After the utensils are thor
oughly cleaned they should be either
scalded with boiling water or steamed.
The dairy house should be so built
as to economize labor to the greatest
extent To do this the building must
be arranged to avoid unnecessary
' It is not possible to submit a plan
that will suit all conditions, but it is
believed that the accompanying de
scription ot a dairy bouse will meet
the needs of the average dairy that
ships either milk or cream in cans.
This plan Is capable of considerable
Variation to adapt it to a wide sphere
Bt usefulness. For larger dairies the
same arrangement may be used on
a larger scale, each room being made
of greater size.
The building described is 20 feet
long, 10 feet wide, 8 feet 6 IncheB high
in the front, 6 feet 6 inches in the
rear, and has a shed root. The ex
terior of the building may be covered
with sheathing and building paper or
with weatherboarding and shingles,
the deciding factors being expense,
durability and appearance. The inte
rior, however, should be carefully fin
ished so that the walls and celling
may be smooth and free from corners
or projections on which dust or dirt
may accumulate.
The building should have a good
concrete floor pitched to drain through
bell traps. The side walls as high as
the window should be plastered with
cement on metal lathing. The re
mainder of the walls and celling may
be covered with matched boards and
then painted with a white, washable
enamel paint. Ventilating flues should
extend through the roof from the ceil
ings of the cooling room and wash
room. The windows should be hinged
and set to be flush with the inside
wall when they are closed.
The equipment of the dairy house
consists of a 1 to two horse power
vertical boiler, which supplies steam
to the sink and to the steam jet In
the drain board, a galvanlzed-lron
wash sink, a can rack, a Babcock
tester, a concrete cooling tank, a milk
cooler, and milk scales. A separator
may also be located in the mllkroom.
After each cow's milk Is drawn it
should be carried to the mllkroom,
weighed, recorded, sampled for the
composite test, and strained. It la
then run over the cooler, using cold
running water for the first cooling.
When a can is filled with milk from
the cooler it is put into the cement
tank, which should be filled with ice
and water well up on the neck of the
can, and the contents should be
stirred frequently until thoroughly
cooled. When the milk Is not being
stirred the cans should always be kept
covered, to prevent the entrance ot
dust, dirt, insects, etc. Never mix
warm milk and cold milk or cream.
The doors of the mllkroom should be
kept shut except when necessary to
pass In or out.
When all the milk Is cooled the
cooler, palls, strainers, etc., can be
carried Into the washroom, where they
should be rinsed in cold water and
then washed with hot water and wash
ing powder. After this they are
rinsed, steamed and inverted on the
drain board. For this purpose two
pipes may be used, one carrying cold
water, the other steam; these may be
controlled by either hand or foot
levers, or a single jet, fed by both
cold water and steam, may be In
stalled. The little closet In the wall between
the mllkroom and the washroom la to
Cross Section Through Dairy Home
hold bottles in which the composite
milk samples may be kept. The closet
can be opened from either room, so
that the samples from the mllkroom
may be placed in the bottles In the
closet and when it is desired to tost
the milk they can be reached easily
from the washroom;, this arrangement.
makes It unnecessary to carry bottlai
from one room to the other.
111 . 1 t n i i
cvnwr.im.tr rw rrcumr naannnjmuom
Where we love In home;
Home that our feet may leave, but not
our heart.
Tho' o'er ua shines the Jasper-lighted
The chain may lengthen, but It never
"How small a sum may a young
couple wed on?" Is a query which Is
put to me In
scores of letters
every day. I hope
the reply em
bodied in this ar
ticle will solve
the problem for
It is not
question of how
much the hus
band is enabled
to make, to sup
port the home,
but how pru
dent the wife is
and how far she
can make a dol
lar go. One cou
ple lives from
hand to mouth on
twenty-live a week, while another
lives cozily on eighteen, have no debts
and are as happy as the day is long.
The proper way to do is for the be
trothed lovers to plan out these de
tails as far as they can before mar
riage. They will then have a fair
idea of what they are to depend on.
The couple that commence wedded
life on a scale grander than they can
afford soon find themselves at their
wits' end to scrape together the
money to pay the landlord, the butch
er, the baker and candlestick maker,
Entertaining friends contiguously
costs money, is a useless extravagance
and has driven many a young hus
band to the wall loaded with debts.
It takes courage to wed on a hus
band's salary of eighteen per week,
The dovecote which houses thorn must
be mid humble instead of fashionable
surroundings, for rent is a very con
siderable item In the household ex
penses. The contents of the tiny flat
should be paid for ere the newly
wedded couple step across their own
threshold. The bride should be even
at an early age a good housekeeper,
know the value of doing her own
marketing; how to purchase and what
to buy and above all, know the magic
art of transforming the left overs of
the table into tempting tld-bits to
help out the following meal. It should
go without saying that she must be
her own maid of all work and her
own seamstress as well.
It is said that "a little nonsense now
and then is relished by the best of
men." Where so much skimping and
saving hae had to be Indulged In, s
small stipend a week may be advan
tageously spent for amusement which
gives pleasure to both. For all work
and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
The same may be applied to Jill. No
matter how small the amount of earn
ings, it should not be fully used up. A
dollar now and then put by proves a
godsend ofttimes in the hour of need.
Where both work energetically to
gether, and happiness crowns their ef
forts, it may be said that their mar
ried life has proved a success. The
young bride who has been accustomed
to the luxury of having her own spend
ing morey will have to watch herself
and che:k her longing for things which
are not absolutely necessary to a far
greater extent than the girl who has
had to work for her living and who
knows what It is to purchase little
vanltici at the cost of a meal and the
repentence for her folly.
The husband can only make the
money The wife is the homemaker.
Upon her shoulders and conscience
rest tie results. - Love Is the wonder
ful wand which will spur them on to
their )est endeavors.
The young couple who love each
other ;an do better wedded than apart.
Nothhg Is accomplished by waiting
years to save. Dissatisfaction awaits
upon Rich delay. The milk of human
klndntss dries out of their hearts.
Love s so wrenched and twisted that
it woild not take much to break it
The snail beginning should not be de
spised by the couple who love each
other sufficiently to wed.
She who denies me, I would have;
Vtio craves me, I despise;
Venn hath power to rule my heart
Bit not to please mi le eyes.
Thatchlldren should love their par
ents is the first law of nature. That
they siould obey them Implicitly is
anothe law, equally as binding. Par
ents lore, guard, toil, and often suffer
every lardship for their child, to keep
hiim C her from undergoing all that
they lave passed through. Are all
those :ears of patient watching care to
bear to fruit?
Are the relations which have been
terldei and loving to be under the con
trol oi a stranger who has stepped Into
the timily through marriage? It is
said that those Joined at the altar
must te nearer and dearer to each oth
er thai all others. But this was never
intendid to Imply that the measure of
affecticn for the dear old loved ones
at home should be lessened, or brought
to a straining point. '
Marriage often brings about most
peculiar situations. Two women, an
Old and a young one, of widely dif
ferent temperaments, who look out up
on life from different viewpoints, are
brought into close contact by the
younger marrying the older woman's
son. "From henceforth I am to be first
in your affections," declares the young
er woman spiritedly to her bridegroom.
"I have given you to another, but do
not forget me, my love, and the rev
erence always due me," whispers his
mother earnestly.
The young husband kisses his wife's
lips and his mother's forehead, .de
voutly believing he will do his duty by
Many a time a young wife is un
reasonably Jealous ot her husband's
continued fondness for home and moth
er. She sets ber foot down that he
shall only go there when he is ac
companied by her. What young hus
band who idolizes his bride sees any
harm in promising it shall be as she
wishes? At the outset he is quite blind
as to her real motive.
The old mother whose idol he still
is and will ever be misses more than
words can tell the short time he
spends with her when he runs in for a
few moments on his way to and from
business. She soon learns ot the com
pact he has made with his wife. The
mother understands the motive; tho
young husband does not. She realizes
If he is obliged to wait for his wife
to accompany him that the times when
she will greet her boy, clasp him in
her arms, hold his hands and stroke
his hair will be few and far between.
As the mother grows older, her
pleasures decrease, while her fondness
for her offspring grows stronger and
deeper, if that could be. Tho outside
world and its gayeties charm her no
more. She would rather spend an eve
ning looking over the bureau drawer
which contains her boy's first clothes
than attend the most brilliant social
function. No mother really wishes to
be the best or first love. She Just
wishes to keep her same old place in
her child's heart. Wives should en-
courace a man's affection for mother.
Her reward will be greater in after
Te guiding powers who join and part,
What would ye have with me?
Ah, warn some more ambitious heart,
And let the peaceful be!
Those who fancy that girls who are
in business are anxious to wed make
a mistake. Some men figure out that
most ot them would take the first man
that comes along if only for support.
Another misguided notion! There is
no girl in the world who is more dis
criminating than the girl in business,
No matter how humble her home sur
roundings may be she leaves these en
vironments behind her when she sets
forth on her daily taBk. She is brought
in contact from morning until night
with people of the highest ideals, cul
tured and refined.
The men are ambitious, deep think
ers, who accomplish great things.
These are the men who Impress her.
She admires them for their sterling,
noble qualities. In selecting a hus
band she wants one who possesses as
many ot these sterling qualities as
possible. She will not encourage the
young man who lounges about town;
the kind who is always looking for a
job, but dodging the getting of one;
tho sort ot fellows who are indifferent
regarding their futures their motto
being: "Come day, go day! God send
She knows that the wives of such
men would be obliged to live from
hand to mouth. Being a sensible girl,
she sees that it would be jumping from
tho frying pan into the fire. She knows
that there are just as many marriage
able young men on Cupid's list as
there are shirkers. She realizes she is
a good girl and is entitled to the best.
The business girl does not object to
the poor man. She knows that the
successful ones mostly have com
menced at the bottom of the ladder
and worked their way up. She would
be willing to do her share of rolling
fortune's heavy load up prosperity's
hill If the man showed ability to make
brave fight in life's battle to get up
in the world.
She objects seriously to the man
who thinks it no harm to have his
wife support him. It must not be sup
posed that the business girl does not
have plenty of wooers. It may be
news to some people, but It Is never
theless true, that the majority of busi
ness girls can count a baker's dozen
of suitors apiece. If they do not mar
ry it is because they pass by these
opportunities to wed, being still un-
suited. The girls who are brought in
constant contact with intelligent men
will take none other when it comes
to choosing a husband. They are not
easily influenced by a little foolish
love talk or castles built In the air.
They have the good sense to talk their
heart affairs over with their parents.
Mother may not be a good judge of
mankind, but father is, he will speak
out his mind if allowed to. Parents are
never so anxious for their daughters
to marry that they will sanction an
unsuitable match. No one Bhould take
it for granted that business girls are
easily Infatuated, for they are not
Rather Ambiguous.
Palette Well, old chap, how's
things with you? Doing anything In
DeAuber I should say so. I've just
received a commission from old Mill-
yuns, who wants his daughter's por
trait painted badly. -
Palette Wants it painted badly, eh?
I congratulate you, old boy. You're the
very chap for a lob l!k that.
(Conducted by the National Woman's
cnrutian Temperance union.)
"A world without a liquor nation by
1930" this, said Daniel A. Poling, in
an address delivered at the Panama
Pacific exposition, this is the goal ot
the National Temperance council. The
membership ot this organization, of
which he is president, la made up ot
leaders from 97 national religious and
reform societies and its activities are
to be international in scope. The first
great word of Its declaration ot princi
ples is unite, the second educate, and
the third exterminate. "The temper
ance fanatics today," affirmed Mr. Pol
ing, "are not preachers and women,
but railroad presidents, owners of steel
mills, scientists, popular novelists and
war lords. Medical authorities are lay
ing charges against the door of John
Barleycorn that the most rabid tem
perance orator of five years ago never
dreamed ot making.
"Chief Actuary Hunter of the New
Tork Life Insurance company has
claimed prosperity In human life for
Russia as the result of the prohibi
tion of vodka that takes away the
breath of a third party Prohibitionist
"Sam Blythe is writing temperance
articles for the Saturday Evening Post
that discount the Union Signal.
"William Jennings Bryan, delivering
a temperance address in Cooper Union,
New York, has used language that vies
with the choicest epithets John B.
Gough ever employed.
"The Carnegie Steel works is strict
er in its total abstinence requirements
for its employees than is the average
church for Its members.
"And just now Emperor William and
Czar Nicholas have, in the trenches of
Flanders and on the plains of Poland,
Galicla and Russia, the greatest tem
perance societies in the history ot the
"There is a white ribbon around the
Mayor James R. Hanna of Des
Moines, la., gives his personal testi
mony to the advantages of prohibition
as follows:
"The saloons were closed on the
16th of February. All the desirable
locations were picked up by other
businesses within the next few weeks
following. A few out-of-the-way loca
tions are still vacant.
"I cannot see that there is any ap
preciable effect because ot throwing
men out of employment and certainly
no Increase In demands for charity. In
fact, it Is exactly the other way. The
men who lost employment have gone
Into other lines. Boms of them have
followed up their former calling in
other cities, but the men who were
spending in the saloons the money
which their families needed are now
buying groceries and shoes Instead.
The consequence is a very much bet
ter tone in every way. In the first
place their families are not now in
want and In the second place, they
are paying their bills for the ordinary
necessities. This is making collec
tions noticeably better in other lines,
so our merchants report.
"Our experience proves that a de
cisive policy can handle the bootleg
ging very effectually. There will be
some illicit sales, to be sure, but they
can be reduced to a very small mini
The saloonkeepers of Washington,
D. C, were sorely disappointed, It Is
said, because few of the veterans at
tending the Grand Army encampment
spent their money for drinks. Of the
20,000 marching only one or two were
seen "under the influence." One of
the old soldiers explained It thus:
"The fellows who could drink it or
let it alone are not here nearly all
of them are In their graves." It is
worthy of note that every one of the
128 members ot the post at Hagers
town, Md., is a total abstainer and a
prohibitionist. One of the features
of the parade which evoked much
cheering from the crowds of onlook
ers was the "West Virginia Water
Wagon," which headed the dolegatlor
from that state.
A gentleman was riding on the
street car the other day, when he saw
on the advertising spaces, printed in
large, clear letters, these words:
'Pure Rye Whisky Tones Up the
Body, Brightens the Intellect, Invig
orates the Soul." After reading it his
eyes dropped Involuntarily to the seat
beneath the advertisement, and there
was a drunken man. His eyes were
bleared, his face bloated, with red
lines of dissipation in it, and his body
slouched down in a sort of collapsed
way common to men under the Influ
ence of liquor. The drunken man was
an illustration of the advertisement,
and proved the falsehood of It "Win
la a mocker."
Richland county, Montana, gave a
vote ot two to one against the liquor
traffic in the first county option elec
tion In the state. The liquor men put
up a hard fight with five orators work
ing overtime to bold the territory.
Montana, one of the blackest states on
the prohibition map, is waking up, and
the days of the liquor trafllo in the
state are numbered.
'I do not drink: It dims my battlnf
eye," said Ty Cobb.
Builder Who Works With Good Tast
Can Achieve Results That Are
' of the Beat.
There Is no reason why a brick wall
should be so dull and monotonous, for
there are numerous methods for brick
walls of which any clever architect
or bricklayer might make use, says a
writer In the Dayton Journal. Some
times there is a clause in the specifi
cations calling for more or less orna
mentations of otherwise blank walls.
In Holland, where much brick is
used in domestic architecture, brick
men take delight In showing their
skill In making brickwork and nearly
every cottage shows specimens of
their handicraft
It is not the best thing to do to
select bricks for facings if the bricks
are sound and right in texture. It is
pretty safe to say that labor put into
that special picking is worse than,
thrown away, is positively injurious,
and that all those slabs of raw, harsh
color might have been rendered soft
and harmonious by using the bricks
just as they came out of the kiln, with,
all the perceptible and imperceptible)
graduations of tone conferred upon
them by the accidents of burning.
Your great bare spaces will be full
of variety and interests of what paint
ers call "quality," but without preju
dice to the breadth of treatment, be
cause the smallness of the individual
bricks distributes the variation of
color so subtly over the whole surface
that only those who are "in the know"
can realize how it came about And,
of course, the larger the surface the
wider the diversity of color that can
be introduced without disturbing the
general tone.
Plenty of Air and Unslaked Lime
Make for Health, Says Writer
of Experfence.
Householders seldom know that
their cellars are the storehouses from
whence comes 50 per cent of the air of
the first floor and 30 per cent of that
on the floor above. If they did there
would not be so many dank and noi
some places filled with refuse and
mold, spiders, cobwebs and mice, to
say nothing of decayed vegetables and
fruits, a writer in Mother's Magazine
observes. Vapors from all these com
bine to penetrate the whole house and
add their poison to the air that is
breathed by those living above them.
Every cellar, even if kept free from
dirt, should be ventilated as carefully
In winter as in summer. A musty
smell shows that mold plants are grow
ing and are waiting to attack fruit and
vegetables. Cold will not kill these
destructive germs. There should be
plenty of air let In the cellar every
clear day. Moisture-laden air en
tering it condenses on the walls and
pipes and soon makes it so damp that
it is a menace to the house. All cel
lars should have dishes of unslaked
lime in them; this takes up moisture
with avidity. When the lime crum- j
bles, losing entirely its crystalline
character, it has become slaked and
will take up no more moisture. It
should then be renewed.
Most Popular Houses.
Perhaps the most popular types of
dwellings being built at present are
the two-family and three-family
houees. The reason for this is not
hard to understand when one consid
ers that the rented apartment or
apartments In such a house carry all
interest, taxes, water rates and insur
ance, and that any money paid in by
the owner is in the nature of decreas
ing the mortgage, so that In time
those payments will pay for the house
and he will own it free and clear.
An additional feature of the two
family or three-family house is that
after the house is fully paid for the
rentals furnish a steady income and
means for the upkeep ot the whole
Use Telephone Directory.
The telephone directory has almost
displaced the city directory, because
ot the completness of the former and
Its accessibility. The last New York
city telephone directory contains 350,
00Q listings for 666,000 telephones in
ths city. The first telephone directory,
issued in 1878, consisted ot a card
cohtalnlng the names of 252 subscrib
ers. The present directory has 970
pages, and an edition of 610,000 copies
has been distributed. The preparation
of the directory consumed fifty car
loads of paper, seven tons of Ink and
230 miles of binding wire.
Canada's School Gardens.
No one city is probably doing mors
by organized effort to make up home
and public gardening Instruction than
in Toronto, Ont. Here is a climate
the opposite in its make-up to that
of southern California, yet the same
appreciation of the beautiful and the
value of economic thrift Is evidenced
in both sections. ,
Local Jealousy.
Some follows can see no big men
in their home town. Everybody at
homo is as small as they. Toledo

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