h:.r .h ijX iiu3 in ;Ue puiol soni of "kJjiu!-
Ij.ii" .0 urui! ovary ir.ao stand Ing iu tha way oftlia
of tha oSL-ti luWcn the "aortas.
KtST paut."' allud-.d to by Mr. Jefferson, wla:i
dcptqoa.iiig thj fc-eligibility of tho President.
Wg"va b.uh the p cS. of ths Enquirer find the
bitor itself, to the Editor of iLj Cincinnati In
quisitor, tb. t V.iiiian iu M.jsami may have
the opinio.. of thvir favouied Editor in thnt
Etais, at n p.'jJ fta'cii tho press was fin from
llw daciis.a of Oxs Mas, avid when to bo a
repu.blla.in .itcant dvvot'tou o runs nits nut
to a has I
r-o.ifU jJL-ViWA-rtjw-xT, 0,'. 4:.'i, 1S.
'Vi'v docomsedtes -Lu pleasure to lay before -.,r
reud.-rs the two iir;i-i? promised ihein the one
l.-ftr.- Geutral Harrison's exposition to the people
if ili-irict the other a reply ot Mr. John Pat
Wtm, of lU'.iuiore, on tlis iieiv-fangled charci ol
Miti. all mi. Each of them, brit-fas they are, con
some o:r;i truth.
"The annexed rriimiks frt'tn C "iisrai 1! trrir.on,
In v.!.ie!i lit r.i .iivs p.ifciia bis p!itkul o-duwus
and feeling, we i upM i;i tn-O .y's , a;cr, willingly.
.'..! ihill I"'1-'!!-1!, vi'Li cq-ml plea'cre, hist ontsiriu
t'iug iMcr.-iticTis, when tucv come tu hand, if tiiC)
prove to be a cviisaualiuit of tbo a;.iO Itcpub.icHit
ii wtrinus. We hope to tlii exempli.', tuns at!,
followed by other gentlemen who lire bnfure the
(iWij a 01 lidi da tci at the elect iviii next nionih, net
only in our district, but el;e.vher3 throughout the
To JC.'-.cr f, lqAi:or.
Cc'ciwat.. Sopt. 17, i-J2
Sir In ja,f latt p.-iper you recommend U the
j-idiJ.itcs (it tl.j election to publish their
no'.itica! creeds, 'hit Uiii tlei'.ors may havo a fair
oppartanity of choosing those whore sen-lineni
bet accord with thiir cf. n. I have cvtr believed
trial every elector hi a right to inako this cad vpon
lho who olf'r their ser.tera to the pwpie, end
Ibat the cudidate fo bound to answer it. 1 mi pit
it is truo, &vh'i1 ir.yself ot the kind ot election
w'.ii.:h vci ii.-.-iis in fivor C'f lhou who hive had uu
.o-uaitv of tii owing their politb-ul ojiiniom by
t'.eir coud-jct. l!ut. at I have l'o rcs.oii to drc&ii
the m:n minute investigation of mv ojdtii'jin, u:ul
litit it;v f.;i!oiv-ci.iss;n mav bo enubli-d to coinjiare
liiT ticticm v with mv Drufjssions I I'-I'jI' yoit the
folloin? outlidu of my luiiitical frei-ii. whith ).m
ir.ir cu'jluii. it' vou ti.iok it wortbv ol a wsie tu
your p::p"r. This trica
nt liii ti'ii . r.s so.in of
ten !!.e in re ns.:es.-:iry
. v Jri:n.U havo vt-ry
in vai'r.'Ui ;iaml-)
.ir.', iindarmkt'n '
!U f.n.l older aiionyaiou
:i rik;i oinj fr in?, wiiicl
ii'i!H of what I lnvs'1!
i i'li-jv;. if Dot
rv e.vrct i.iiiiess of t!:it w;,icl.
i i!'s;i h-tat':' b l.pp.ibiicar or wi.a' i cmspi'
)y called t'i? old J.rjrso.ii ia y:i:o-i!, a '.J h"l:fv ii
the cr.-ocii-.e-s of tht iater-.rc'&ti.m of t-.e Coi.
'it.i'.r.i'jTT v;i.U:h l.rts l.een j'i'.CTi ly th? v. ritirg , o
liiS', cnl: 2 -'"'d t'jte-!!Vi:i, v.h'l Has hi t'.u J.i'-i
i.f t!. mi "V, mv.! uMi- r.-i heloiir.g to i. "jr'.Luilnr
ly ;! 0 t'! ' r.i'.'-d r".clsit!on; of l' c Viri-iia Lffji-i
Idtiirr", (liiri'i.i tin.- Pi eMihvicy of Mr. Ad-iin.
I deny, therefore, to the Ueii'.-rnl tJovci'inr'cnt tin
r;:; i;'ic of nny i-Aor bat wl.ut i i r- civbi
tj it bv tno (.u'liiiuu.'jii, or wh:it is ittr 1 1 iip-
ro-f-.ry ;j i:t,rry tl:i po.ver Ci",'rt-t'.y i . tu ia
1 betii-e that lua fhuttor ilv?n to the B.ink ol
th u'ni'.rJ S'.it-i iv:is n.cM'.s'.i'ii'ii'iifl it btiiv
no! one of ineaurr nt . esbry to ri rry
.f tin; ri-pr;'-s!y .Tin. i power i ito cliVc;
btl-t my v.'tet in Cj'ii'rsi v.i'.l :io that I
lL anv coriititit'iutial tr.ttns to revoke t!
tir, P:v votes in ihcbra'e 1
(hir-v ti til I urn OfMroid to '
nit ji'.jt'al or violent, and w
.: j.ihstnre will rrpiKlly
!!:ii,i' nl icu i-re uncon
hic.i will orttif us into
.oiiitii'U with the tienerul J oven. in" nt. I believe
in the 'eii'icncv uf a larire p'iblie ih'nt to sail tin
fhunihitinu of l!:e Cons'.i'.utMii, l.v c.ei'.ii!;' n n o
lei ariitocracv. !n'o views ami intrt-str' !:iu-.t hi
in direct ko-.tiii'y to tboso cf t!8 :::r.sj of the nei
1 deem il tho datv, tl.crer.tre, of tuc teprosenta
I119 01' nil peeplo to en.h'uvcur to ex inyui-h il a
oon as possible, by iiiukiog ' very re: rcajhineiit 1
t! e e.xponuit: . ot tho U.-vermneta that a prop;
perforunua cf t!.i piihiii! l-a-ine-s .'"ill a!h."A'.
llfeliei ein ti, ::j':t of l.';i people to ins'.ni
tbtdr r'-pn.sen'.u'.jvjs v!.n i.:.'c;.:; i:d if Ui l:t
r'h.-jiiiit evi'tenei t;.t t:.e jn-'ruc.: mi v 1 -.1 i-.a;
hi- ei.ca hii.i ivi-i ' J"' a rt, .: .ri:y of i;is tviis itu
r:ls, tf, At lift is b u.:d to i!n-y tl.tiii. miii'ss he coii
kioh'rs tl.r.t by e.ii:! it hj wuuid violate i:.e (.'otisti-l-'.i'
ii, i;; ": ich ct..-el think it n-ji.id bj h i s dn:
to ri i v;:, ji;,.J j.-r.f 'iiciu n oppvri iui'.y ui'ehvti.u:
i.inriicr repre;ci:,::'.il. w l-.-.m vy'iu'v.us would tc
lor J wi'li i!,(-ir n.
I bc'lie thil the csis'.ence of s'.svtiy in our
ountry is iho preiieit evil that wo u'. pf.-tW. In
undur; and 1 ijlr ie il to Le tho duly of the tn n
sSavthiddirig St.; htm to r.t'.'tr to their sister .';ta:e
very iiiiiac:t.i(nt, ai.d alibrd tii.'iu ivci-y facility n
pit l id 0!' .'.',(';. t.'.i'iC. X-ut I utn equally coiivini-ec
it. ut upon coi.5'.i!i.:i')ii.l irrounj -, us w-.:l as ti.i'sr
lit I Xj Ci
;..ty, ti.l tl.u tie.
an cr:i st;p,..iri,.,j ,v
jrlvt'U t o p i
ci ii ;: ii u
I rid v?r s
s'oncor: 1 .-(
v. c -..-i:,.. to '
'i'e slaves; the Coa-ti,u!is.n imvir.
r tu interfere in this d' n.'.s'io cuu
;ho ci'iiicut of thn'.v' u. j.-t i iitere-lei.;
!i ' may take v. i h nt their
wh! assuredly ri.e'. the cl.aiui which
tua prtservatian of tne vr.1011
5 tin t?;i-ti:uc f our civil an '
1.:: .hut the ecu-till v-lncii biu;i
aicii of v. on':., ivri .icu upon
i.i-..o ,..,-( .;-;;4 o.ticr. l'-.-jtr-y t ; . t .'t : -. . il i l.e.-.uti;
fiih: ;-: v-.l i n wasj ri i ii niiii c:t -bi ill .hft! bv oi
utifDf.Oii, -.'ro - f, li.es into r o:or. i n.e.i i-s dc-joKitcc
pirlsi.o ;c.n -:'j 1 ,i'.-.-r'y u.:l t'.e-i.i be reared
I.-'iscord and ft ai wiil :ce..'J t. p?.,ce and bar-
ijioc.y ..aratir.:;. v.:.; ae-ain over-prcaa toe luiui,
or whit is mr-e!y i-.t t-r, vttui turdly tyrant wi
piuoMta 0 ,l.i cenees ot 1 is v. 1 I lr.nl II. e if a:
ivtiers .1 v B't.it.jtoii end u J. tt.o -Mi Ui.oeu ed the
tiessii;;;-. 01 11 I rev and 1110.1 c,ovc .-utoe;.'.. I bjiieV"
It, tiier:'--fe, U be tl.o tint)' of a r'-prc-euuiiv t"
co'iciliate, i.y crery p issit.lo uiiaiii, tie . .-uibcn
ei' ourrcjl p-ilitieal iamity; and al'.vcys !o beitr in
Blind, tnal a the union as eifecti-i! only by a spirit
1 f mu'-ni cur.eosi: r, hi.e f;'.;vi .101.0, -o o,.Iv ci.n
i: be praMU-ved. V. 11. II A 'ill ire ij.
This letter, fellow citizens, It-Jug as clear an
ixpoiitioii of the State night, doctrines of the
Jicpuhlioan .Si.iiojl, ( iicltnling, also, the fjues.
tion of do.nc.s.ic slavery,) ns could he cijm.hi.il,
I erhaps, in so short a co.ii ass, it icui'dtis to he
enquired what (iemtrul li.irri.vm lias f-iuee d.jne
to loifiui his claim to tep-ibli -:inU n ? " He h-is
yriu enr the Ta ifl' and lutcrnnl Loroveiueiil
Systeni" say Ids opponents, when d iven fioiu
every tiling ei.-.i. Fellow Citizen 1 if t'u'.s is to
unrfpubln: uiize a states.: ii, il uiiist , nny Col.
Ber.ten, Col. J.jhnsjn, 1 ml ot or 1..1 lees tiistln
guished iriendj and so ppo.-te.s r.f tho present
uy.'iasty, in. tkl 13 at cntuu '.. We h.vv.- the jour
nal) bcior'j us, riitd wiil copy su.h v ii:s ss v.r
have lo.mi for in the appendix, yhoving that
precis- ly the tin-: rs.vj wiiti h wcie given l.y
G r.erai Ilarrlsnti on t.'.cst suhj cts w 1 gi i-o
by ail, or nearly nil ih- wcste.n repuoltcans .- ho
vveia then in Congress. Uveti tlio ht ..cnttd
Pettis voted for the Mjysvilln H'jad Bill, aftci
Piesidei.t Jackson (mil vetoed ii yd, in tho.se
da r, il was not at eojatcd a.a'nst Mr. IVtt-
that fur that lie was Rot a r -puotieau ! Sha.nc
0:1 tiie eh-geiieracy cf (ho tiun s, mid the niuui h,
Bsjeiidoncy end arr'-ganc of ih-i ' government
paity," which subslitut 8 a blind conformity to
the will or t j w him of one man u; the icU 01
political otiho loxy and political tonsh'.tnry.
Wo have seen i; cironeoue'y st&u-d thut
' Qt uernl IIrr:t!'oi vxci th cms'ii!!! f r nil the
i r.:oiwao:;a tmumplitriu of fxtrrjt ela n o.1 by Mr.
A'UitiS in r?'ert'iice o the 1 anatna Aliasioo.
Tlio fo't irlircc:ly ill roTctso. Altliotuli acting
ciieraii'y v.ili) the fiiuitdaol the adminis i-uioii
in reference t I o ripedicnty and propri ly of
accepting tha i vit tion ol tli ; American govern
inenl 1 1 ih tou;!, to bo present by our reprcsen
idtivcs nt hat general Congress of Uopublita
(about which many of tho wi.sr.ft republicans in
the land en crlained an honest diffo rice of opin
ion,) we hare the journal before us nvli ch sliows
ihul on t!,o only vole upon tlio n.ss,i i pi: o n ol
Presidential prerogative compla tied of as being
claim din tho n essagu of Mt. Ad.iuis, (r.-neial
nnrrisou voted with the minority of t at day, in
disufiiruia enf V e power.
In I in specinl mcs nc of December th 2 3 1 1 1
1S23, Jlr. Adams had r udeied more ext licit
what hod be; n eoiutnied into an assumption of
Lxecutivc power in Ins previous regular message,
by declaring his viok os lollows:
Althoueli this measure was doomed to he
within the constilutiunul competency of lha h'.xetu-
, I have not thought proper to take any Mep m
it betoio t)jcer'.ttiiiin2 that my opinion ot Hsi.po
hpticv will e-Jticur with tliatol botli branc'ies uf tiie
Mr. Bianeli of Nurih C:ir Una introduced a
esolution disaSlrmine tho power thus claimed
bv the. r esident wh ch, bci 'g debuted Irotn
pago 331 to pa-je 401, was varied by the mover
rs lollows :
The rreideut of tlm United S.ntes, in his
opening .Wexsuire at tne coiumenceinrnt ol 111'
sent suiMon, intorincJ Conurcss licit invitatioir;
to this Government to attend urn! t.iko part i i the
u.iherations at ti.o Conrrrnss of ranami liau been
tfvea anil acerpted, and th.t .Ministers 'in the part
tho Lmteu States wo ild ba coiiiuiissionrd :
And, liaving turiher, i i hi i Exeea'ivc cotnm'r.iica-
u to the senile ot Inc Jljth ol Ueceinrcr last
tccoir. l"i iiv i i;2 the nondnution of llichord C. Aiiuer
son, ot fveuiuiKv, mill Jonn r;'eBIt, ol rennsyi-
:a nia, to be Envoi s E.virao-diuury cud .Ministcis
t'lcnijjolenliary to tho Assrn.bly of A inerican Nu
cms at 1 .111:11111. and il.inni li. Uuclitor, 01
Vew York, to be Secretary of th.e Mi-.aiou, thus ex
ircsscil linnselt; " AIi.la)ii"ii tins measure was
' deemed to b within tlio constitutional cotnoe
' tency of tho ExeHitivp, 1 have not thought proper
' to t.iko any step 111 it before iisccr'.ainiujt that my
'opinion of its expediency will concur with bull;
' lir in.lies of the Lej;iUttire,' &c. Therefore,
Il'.StilicJ, That, in the opinion of the Senate
ho pr.inosed measure was not within tlio constitu
.ici.iil coiupetcncv of the Executive. Anil, also
,'iti, As lha oiiiitiou tf the ift'tiste, inatuneh
1 t'.st claim uf powir thus set on bv the Executive,
:.;,bt, if S'inl'icd to pus uniMlicdby the Sotm'
ho lierent tr relied nin n to 1 : -t i!V the ex:rciii ol
1 Mii.i,.ir i.o.v r, ihev owe it 10 themselves, mid to
the Gi.itoi tiicy represent, tn protect, and they do
ier. by, solemnly but rcfpcclful'y protest, (.gainst
t ,i! same.
1 ho debate vtis rcsunicd atid continued at
pn;;e bbO, 007 to 010, 023 to G10, mid the res
lu'.ioa fi ally I id upon the table against llw
vote ol LieiiL-ral Hurnson, a; will oe se 11 tioiu
1 lie I'oilowiii. tximcls from pug' 042, vol. 2,
pti.-t I, ol the oliicial llegistcr of Deb..lcs and
Pioccedin. 3 in (J ngiess:
' he SVnate tl-t n resinned the consideration ol
:! e ieo'r.:-ion su'jiiiitted by J!r. BitANCll, in re
gard to the power of the President in the uppoint-
iiient ot 1' jri'iL'ii luiui ters.
Mr. iillAMOXl coiichiii.jd tins remarks which he
commer.ccd yesterday in si p.mrl of his i;:.'ti'-n
in reply 10 iteatlemi-n woo had oj'fosed it.
.poke at limit littr an hour.
.Mr. HANHOLPl! followed Mr. Branch, in sup
p .rt the resn u'.inr, o .d niUlres ed the Senate
:ih.jut foi'.r hours. He ecr.cluuiid about ti.x o'clock,
Air. BELL ro-.-c to put an end to this debute, that
the y..-. ::i 1 e might prucped with the oilier business ;
up therefore moved to lay the rerolutiun on the
table, staling his object to be, that il should not
i.in be taken up. Mr. RANDOLPH, iu an
:. .dr.,- tore, si. i,l h" frhouid call il up every day ikir
in ' the m-imi
i: e cuc-tio'ii PPiiifj t'llten en me 1110. ion 10 lay 1
11 on Hie motion to lav
1 htive I
l V !!
r.frh'.n.i i:i the I
. s, :
iif-rs, L'i a-e, C a
r. L'irtu.1, II. II, Jloiilienv, Chain
ton, Edward-, Ilendricits, Hoiu.es.
L'iu , Knight, Lloyd. Al'llvaice,
Keed, Itob'.iins, llniilts, fcunford,
ymenr. Smith, Thomas, iilev i3.
'il : Vl Me srs. llcnti ii, Berrien. Branch.
Ci.iindP'i-, l.'.cticr-on, Eh Inn, Fii.dlcy, Harper, ier-
,-i",i, Htivne, Johusoit, of ItCii. Kane, Kin, Akxon.
i'.iifduipli. Ilownti, Tazewell, Van Burcii, White,
Williams, Woodnurv -1.
And then th-.' ISeiKite nilj sum -:d."
'I'lio resolution was ol again cnlic-d up Mr.
Randolph having piobably for gone his p rpo c
in Loiise(!K-iice of this list vote. This vote and
ihis piocccding is tin p j taut in demonstrating
mother p ooos'tein, wlcch is, thut the temporary
assuctatiund of General Htmlsoii in relation to
legcneial policy of an administration, or of a
puny with which he n ay be acting in refer r.ce
to g o eial iiic::sui'.s ol expediency, co not change
thu st ru icpubltcan piinciples'm which he was
schooled an 1 educated. Il proves ill's more
th t he was uot an uni'.-e-scck r (as has been
1 limited, under the foil of the Pics dent whose
''adti.g niea" res he will b s n to have renu.
dtdicd in another place, pi .scnlly, as in this vole,
iie ilis:dfiriinI the power lie bad ass used himself.
In slicnt, th y demonstrate whet is alike demon,
slrablu i 1 n rcvie.v ol his wh do life, ih t ho was
an holiest, fir. 11 ai.d eiili-Jiicucd re-piiijlicun and
il ut hi even maintaiurd his principl.s without
reeard to personal consequences.
Il v. ere ei.dicss, fellow citizens, thus to trace
and expose the sham less uumi prcfe latioos ol
tha men who have similarly deceived vou for
years, and Hotter themselves tncy c an continue
(0 deceive you by invoking you to believe them
only! By them you ute told that "Mr. Randolph
told Gei. II. to his flee, in the yenale of the
I'll ted .States, that ho (Gen. II) hud been 11 sup
oortco' of the A ieu and Sedition Law Adm 11 s.
iitt'otl of 'he Elder Ada.ila" and Ly t'nir
1 , csir-s only so inuclt ol the reply ol lien. II. is
quoted os to admit thai lie, in common with his
coniiiiuonm in Ohio, in 1190, np;novcd the
course of ?Ir. Aduuis in relation to our contro.
v-rsy with Fiam e, nnd lha', in common wilh Mr.
Jcll'crsnn and every other dlstingiiibhcd repubf.
can of that day, he be'ieved Mr. Adam?, who had
pb.'dged his "iile and fortune and sacred hotior"
to t h j D i l ittitoii of onr Cjun ry's Iii.hq, nd
e c; was ".1 jmre patriot" So much only is cop.
icd fi'itn hi.s .speech us to create the false- iuipn-s.
slcn thai he admitttd the ci.arte of Mr. Run-
h siiroor..;, noilll 11" this .IHI'il i'Y I .! t.-il lll.
1 I --. v 3
v. nich we copy Iro n he olli'-ittl lieulsier ol
uo-.v before us, Vollltllr; 2, pait I, pgc
Jrj 0 :
'B-it. Sir. (s-hl Mr. II ) ir.y
n hii.I e'liiion lav, wtts s.i v
rj'T'i'iu to the
ell kno.vu in Ihe
1 ei ritorr, to il a proiiii--.
w.-ts extorted froni mo by
m; f. i. : os in t.bc legislature, by which I wns oh'c.
'cil, tleil I would express no opiniuiu in riiil.uhd
p'da. siii, h Her! in tho least c'llnuhited to defeat
lie important objects wi: li which 1 was chtii-pcil.
A I had 00 vet-, I was nut railed onto ex tires my
Hii'icii nts in iho li eisn. Tha llppiihliean jmrly
ameail in favoi r of the measure4- I wi-bed to
na'.eiiilopied. Ji.it Ihe Fcd.-raii-ti were Ihe tnnior-
I'rudeiiee, theri fore, and tny duty to my con
tits, rPiiih-red it prnn-r thr.t I should rrlYnin
(Jue of these "o'lj-cts" or "measures" was
he cbanjf in t!ii old h.t. ! aystetn, whicli he flfected
sv his ' prudenre" and pcrseverau'e.
( epreisy frnlimrnts whii.ii wool 1 itnurionv
ly aa.tcl llmir mtoi est-, and (vhii.h, if exnre-ripd.
could have not tiie le.isi intlusuca upuu tlio don. -ion.
Fellow citizens, nro you yot unsitisfled with
the evulen-e w; wve arrayed of tlio insin:eri!ij,
u.r4iasESi and u.NTRurna of tho men who con
jure you to believe litem and then only? Do
you yet require more explicit testimony that
uonerai Harrison has ccsr bnen a r- publican ol
the school of JelThrsoii? We have it at hand in
a blinpe as undon'mble n co dd be presented by
the oldest and moat upitj!it man nmomrst vou,
render ng justico to a polit cal antagonist who
had been tits neighlior and ussoctnto lor iionr hnl
a century. Against the integrity of tho vcnein
ble citizen whoso letter 10 a member of this
committee is hero incorporated, even the politi
cal malice- of this day stands silent and abashed.
(J! Ins capacity to lud.tru of the political niinci
pies of General Harrison, you may judge from
the fact that ho was a member of the Legislative
council when linrrkson was first elected a dole-
sale to Congress and voted against liim.t He
has since passed throiijh iho eminent prudes o;
tlio supreme ncuch ol (J. no and one ol her t-eni
tors 111 Lonsress tiut like his tliRtingmsheil per
sonal friend, has been many years withdrawn
lioin public lile, looking as tranquilly upon the
.uisilu ol tlio woild around him, as his solicitud
for posterity would permit to a mind as fa -seeing
and s.unct us as Ins.
Cincinnati, Feb. 12, 19-10.
D. nr Sir : In reply to vour letter of the 'Jnd in
s'a:;t, in which you r.'ijujst me to inform you, from
inv p 'rs'inal bnowleo'L'O, o winch of the ormiiia
schii ds of .'iiiierican polities lleneral Harrison was,
and has remained attached, from tho period of our
ai-o'iRintaiice, 1 miijlit rwur vou to the addres
which I dclivrred lu re iu lfoj, or to mv remarks
in the Hr.rri! ur,j Convention, as b.ilh of them haie
bei'ii p'.ialisbed ; Lut as you bee.n to dusiro a direct
answer to your enquiry, I snail give it witu plea
.Mv acquaintance wi h Gen. Harrison connnuneed
nt this p ace, in liUi, when he was a captain m
W'avne's armv, and Commandant of I'ort Wash-
in.Ttoti. This wits duriiiir the Kdniiliislratioii o1
I'risident Washinnloti, and when the contest toi
tho succession, boUvuon Air. .Icihrsnu and the older
Adains, was cirriej ou with srioit war niii. I wa
a zealous supporter of :Mr. Adams Harrison as
zealously advocated tiie cause of Mr. JellWrsOit, am:
lam within bounds when I say, that I arjjutd snd
disputed wilh him :.n hundred times, he vindica!iu;
and maintaining (lie principles and damn ot Air
Jefinon, and 1, tho-e of Air. Adams. Although
Aihitis was elected, Harrison never vieldcd liis
preference lor JeHerson, but cuutinued to eulogize
liiiu and defend hi-j piiiicioies. 'l ucre was at that
time a great intimrcy, and a mutual friendship bo
1 ween us, winch broiH'ht us tofjeini r aluiosl dailv
for then Cincinunti wasa small illume of lo' cabins
cuntainii gbuta fc.v inliahitonts, winciicircunis'tancr
brought us together mure frequently than is usual
in lnr-e societies
I'rooi tiic-o farts, and others of a similar charttc
twr, I can say with absolute certainly, that (Jenera
Harrison wasa Uppuhlicaii of the JellVrson school
and that he maintains the sav.e principles to the
present (hiv. Hid it not b'-en so, he could not have
e.ii r'e I the ciuifnlcn'it.1 fr;en ishi i of boiu doll
s 11 ai d Ajaiiisoti, as I kt.ov hi did, during thu wi.ile
c; tiitir uiliiuni-traiioiis.
I am yours, very Krspeclfitllv,
Jamss II. B:?c;i, Eg-.
This l tier, and similar or.es to other gentl.:
men in Kentucky and elsewhere, having bee
previously published in the newspapers, the only
attempt to break its force, without reluimg or dc
living its statements, is s ihstaiiiitilly embodied in
tue enquiry propounded in a lie fih!urm'..' print
Irieiidly to the udmiiiistrnti'jn, viz: "Il Jn.-L
liurnet if, and always luu been a fn.lcralist, and
General Harrison is, and always 1ms be;n a j?
Ipulhcan, how hnppcns it that th.e JuiKte uov
supnoris ine u.-neiai; 1 110 answer to ilus in
Iprrocn'nrv cill cnnini ts :m n,iii.r in
1 , .,.,;;
. ' '. .' '. ' ' ' " ." .
1 uts, me -i lauasons, rind tuner paitu s wlio nave
no candidate of their oinn in the field. The
support Gen. II. because he has larger, more ar
dently, ai.diiiiue faithfully served the country
than Mr. Van Buret) be au.se he is pi dged to
the great republican pntposeof purifying the ad.
ministration nnd helping il pure by establish
1x0 the precedent recommended by General Jack,
son, of serving but a single term and because
Mr. Van Buien has been f .lhi tried and found
t Tl.o lollicviiio extract, from tlie-peeeh iif.Iur!ir-rjuin.-!,
d--liu!i-is(i nt Cineinioiti, in M.irrh l!;'!
(whieh litis been extensively pu'uiislied iu tl.o ru':.'
newspapers) will explain this t'ote, and will rend-r
to the readeran neeount of those service of (lei e-
ral ilirrisou in reference to our present Lin.i sys
tem, beiuir the llrst of the A-p.-ies whii b havo estab
iished for him Ihe familinr and weil de-erved ap
pellation of "ful'ier nt the HI . " If tiie testimo
ny of such a 111111 as Jacob Burnet, needed corr ilm-
raiton, we imht remark that we have cotnriaree
his hta'eincnt with the Journal of the Conirress (,
and now before us, and find ut pa pre -
odd, SU-l, GUI. Gid, 111? am! (ii'), an olliei.il eonii.--
molion ol Ihe tcpre entations contained in hi-
sprccit. Vet. such a tiiiiu -the miin wiio even r u
outlier to bis (Wi interest i:i b.-iti-r l':i first to pnvi
the way fur the acquisition of A uo.'.tn for the in-ilu-itrious
poor even .ir fat nun is ihmunr'.red no
only as a "federalist," but aan "A IIH TOCltAT!"
Extract from Jje i7i!rc'" Speech.
"It so luippeni il the I 1 was a member of inn Le-
eislntiva Council, uud ot cour-e entillt d to u vo'i
in Ihe choice of h deleiite. Harrison ivas a cm
dhlate and here let iuimiv he was my iuiinviti
friend. Some years In fore", wh n I arrived in Cin
cinnati, 1 found nivseif iu a society of sirancers
not a face prc-eutcd itself that I hud ever befor.
seen. 1 tirougut inters lor Uaplain llarrison, then
coiiimaiidi.nt ui I ort Washiiiitoii lie received no
witli open urms and a warm heart, mil 1 htcanii
a.inost an inmate ol his lauiiiy. On Ibis stiileuii-nt
vou arc prepared lo ht.'ur me' s.iy 1 voted for him
Sir, I did not, I voted ugainsi l.jm, and il was th
inobt didrcssin vote to mv feelings thai I ever
i'ave. Bui he soon became acquainted wilh mv inn
live, appreciated it correctly, tud our former friend
snip was restored, And now let me exonerate inv--elf
from tho charge of innitituile, ou that oreii.
s un, v. iiicn without, an evpbin-uion, would n-itur
nil fall upon tne. It is fneraily l;i,o.vn Hint Juilu'i
Syinincs had eon' ruci.e.l wiib the Cmted States for
too piireha.-e of 11 million 01'uo.i s of laud that In
had obtained a patent fir 11 bout three hundred thou,
-and acres tnat he led (no doubt under a full
eonvictiiin that his contract would bo completed)
old a large quantity of Itu-.d beyond the limit ol
his patent, to actual se llers, w ho paid tho purchase
money, and were then improving the land they had
bought. Prior lo the year 17'J!, Congress had re-f.i-cd
to e.xcuto the contract with Svnunes, by which
thut numerous and industrious flats cf men wen
liable to bo dipos.se-sed. They had j.ist obtained
some indulgence from Congress as pre-empiiuners,
uud were anxious to have it continued and exleiided.
The vender had and xtill did oppoo their views,
from a belief that it might prevent him fruiii obtain
ing a fulfilment of his contract, und it win sup
posed that his son-in-law bud taken Iho same view
of the subject, und under a belief that Ihe contract
would be confirmed and the purchasers thereby con.
liroied in their titles, i.ould also jpime 1'ieni. Un
der that impression, tin. purchasers were alarmed,
and besought tho legislature to elect a person on
.vhoin they could rely wilh conli ience. Thin you
see the situation in which I was placed j on the one
hand, wrro these unfortunate perons, numerous
and meritorious, presenting their gritvauces on
tht other, my bo -otn friend, expecting rny vs'e.--
In aJititio.rt to tiw (aflimofT titas rfiiawn to-
rc.bof. wo might 5i1 ely cballeiiL'o ottr adveisnries
10 point to n wjliiaiy unrcpnblican c or visas
ure of this long tried pubiio. terBnt. Hit letter
to Bolivar, written about thu period 1 f his recall
from Columbia in 1S23, is not only couched in
terms as clejunt and iuipressivo as any State pa
per which has fallen undor our observation, but
there. 13 breathed throughout its pages a devoted
nrssio tho cause of human liberty and free gov.
rumcnt, In 11 has rend red Ins tia.no as immor
tal, and as deeply cherished amongst the strug
gling minions 01 ilia oppressed and benighted
portion of our continent, ni it is nl home, His
ihorato appeal to the "cxcatiw'rcr ol tna .boulli
no to become us "Di:lulor, preceded, as il was
by the delicate and moving de 'duration, that "an
old soldier, of tho country of Washington, could
not cease to wish that, in Bolivar, tho world
niiulit behold another iitftanco of tlio highest
military attainments united with the purest patri
otism, and the greaiesl capacity for civil govern.
mr.nl, might have been lol lowed up with contin
uous and ultimately clpjctual exertions in favor
of ihtt groi.t cause of rational liberty, had not his
ic-air abruptly terminated thoseivices so auspi
As, in this nstance, General II rrison was but
ihe victim of a policy which has ever been depie.
rated by the more liberal and refloating pur i n
of the Ir ends of G.3 'oral Jackson, niul as the
adoption of this policy and tho confounding, or
rather 1I10 perveisiou of old party designations
were colemporary in point of time, and identical
in point of purpose, wo regret t at tho limits to
which we find ourselves restricted, by muses
which we cannot con rol, (and which will bo uu
dei.stnod in many counties from which we hid
expected a did'eicnt degree of co operation) will
permit us but to glance at this, a d other branches
of onr subject, which wo had designed to elabo
rate from the puhlie records.
iNothwiilistaudirig the fact is as notorious and
as provable as any other portion of political bis.
lory, that in the first election of Gjiiernl Jack
son all parlies were invoked to his support, on
ihe tacit assurance that ho had not changed the
liberal sentiments expressed in his loiter 10 Pres.
ident Monroe, and notwithstanding many of the
most distinguished Federalists were amongst his
partisans in Congress, transferred to his Cabinet,
promoted to the Bench, sent on missions abroad,
and otherwise prominently connected with his ad
ministration from beginning to end, the presses of
the parly were found suihcieiiily venal to strike
out and propagate a new test of political prima
pies consecrating the merj servile support of the
"One Mas," in all things, at ali times, and un.
dor all changes, as tin test of rzp'.illic-inism.' and
treating the dissent of all others (whether original
friends, oroiiginal adversaries) as "Federals 11
rank federalism!'' We appeal to tho candour of
our fellow ciiiz-rns, whether thai is not now the
lost into which has degenerate 1 the fust and origi.
nal classification which divided American politi
cians 011 principle, in the beitcr and purer d.iys
of the Republic.
It were no task to shew, did our space permit,
that Mr. Van Burcn onco denotm-ccl the sl.i
vish obeisance which he and his le-iding pa.ltz.ins
now esuct as 'he touch stone of "deino.-ra; y "
as tiie monirchic il docir'ns transplanted fro.n
Cn.sla.nl but wo appeal to a higher nod less rrr
ing nii'hoiitv than that of any President: We
apponl to tho atrspvaate and individual iireliin-nce
and patriotism of nur fellow itiz:ns to dcli'i.niitc,
whether lilts s'avisli and de-trading test shall be
!IOnf.,rl ill KriM nfllin twdittr.il r i ,-isi.V U'Mfl.
l.-.iUl ...V j, . ....v.. j,. .... . J...... ..
have cherished in peace and defended in
'.Vttii me 11 was u s!ri".!;le hntwoi'ii du'v and
'Vi !"l -lii 1 t I could not h"M'a!e I voted eeoiitist
n:y fri'-nd. lie was, however, r!entei!--n!n! wie-.l
vis 1 1,0 ra .u'n. ? Un ler a e.H of du'.y, he b'ci.ii
h" friend un I n lc 'r.i'e of those very pirs.ins w'10
'id te.-iri-'d end oop is(,.J t.im: audjr.iee p;-ool to the
verld. t':a! his inter.-ri'v could not !i" m e ed be r o -i.lera'ionsofii.srsonal
interest. His in'.en-ritv hnr!
n 'vcr before been probed to the h rmm. En, sir.
his is no! till; 1 e hid seen lb" i'-ju -tice of the mo.
lopoly introduced into the l-nd -y-!eui of the C'ui-
led S'ates, by which tee fonrer class df citizen-.
vere pTee'irilly ex-huled (Vooi its bpneiiis. The
mblic binds were sol I in Inct.s sybiroe. tint nut"
ei! the weiiltuy could purchase. Tiie ;joor 111 1 n
cas ,- inipeiied to buy
handed, nnd 1
piou'ly, at an niU tine-'d priep ; he was iit.ti." int-r -.-if
toe speeubit.ir. Hirri nin had wittiessd
"P Tossive operaiiim of tint principle, nnd resolved
0 correet thu evil He bruivj'it Iht; fu'iject bedire
I'ori.fress, exposed tint injustiee and iniquity of lie
il ia, and n'o j ied Ihe tis-ae 01' 1 la v dtreeiinif
t. e In rids lo ha sii'i-lividetl and s dd in t;nll trticN.
f 11! attention in the system, placed tl.o poor nnn
01 a looti'i-.; wi'li tiie mm of wealth, and p 1: it in
he po'ver of the entire west to liecom" I'r. chnh!
rs and indepenilent firiners. If that bad been the
I -,! net i,f Ms life if he bad then been ivd'rrrl lo
'tis falters his fam wuuid hive survived hi
Mi ne wou! 1 have been love 1 nnd cherished and
eis country, ut letst the w'.-s'ern eouu'ry. would
lute eree'ed a 8'atua to his tivuii ir ; bill he s,jr.
vives, rind hundreds cf thousands who are now en
i"yitt the fruits of that be.ieli nt itiauir-. u'vi.
eed itnd curried throuir'i by I. itu. kn rv not bv whose
'Xi n-y they oYainrd it. rhe recurdsof Ceo.res-
'.i!-v. und 111-uiy wi'iietses Mill liviii-j cm te-'ii'V.
it was Harri-tyn He enur"i! the b-nei t nn-:
'it ju-liee to him, the prthbn simnld be advio'i! of
be IV c'. every man iu the nation ought to know
funce ihe foregoin? wns wrii'en, t!' Abolition-is-sn!'
sixs'ntes have bad 11 national i-onvemion nt
Vbiny. and noiuinatcd their trreat leader la'j. (1.
Il ri.ey.for ihe I'reshlenry. Th"f r: o!vi i !h-.ttlie
diss.mri and Arlfite ns vot-ss and the Vin.-.enues
si.eerh cf lien. H. placed him bevond Ihe support
if their sect. Whi't will his sl inHertrs in .Missouri
'i'. -e snyl Invent und propoa'c sooip new slitider!
It has lion mistnkenly alle.-e .-) feat (Jeni-rn!
llarrison wa; ree.llcil f, r th'us interfering v.-'u'. ti.e
d'tnostie concerns of l!,e South American lle-mh-lies.
i'rotrtinj t'u-it ibis letter was no inti-rtV-r-encu"
to whieh any friend of frecilum would hue
objectedbut lbs cry reverse wn pr.cenl to An w
i.nai ueiiprai itnrrion wns superceded, in neeurd.
tueo with the inexorable and nppatrintio. rcqui-iti.
urn of tha "spoils system." hsl'ore even i,u iir,-;,..,'
a' Dttrolo couln luivft nepii known at Was-.iueton.
I'iie follo-vinir p-imLrmph r" ex'ractei) fri.n t
lute speech of the Hon. Air. Doode, of Ohio:
"O.i the 10th diy cf . ver.iber, ISJsj, j,,n.,rn
IIarriiiii. as tMiai- ter tu Uiduinbiu, eatib-trked from
thu United Stales ou his mi ision,
"On thu t!7ili day of Fe ruiry, hi presm.
ted his credentials at li rj-ita., and was re -eivid with
reit respect. Wo coii rratii'atu Coluoibi i on be
hiildiiiTthe interest which is tnauite-ted by the
Uovernment of the Uni'e,! S ates to eultivTe be
most fiiendly rehiiions wilh this Kepubiie, by send-in-;
among cs su di .tinuisb-d a citi'z'n as Gener.il
Harrison. Tie) Govirt.m -nt has a full c oofijeueo
that his permanent residence in this capital, will
contribute Kcnerally to strengthen dm harmony nnd
good understanding which happily exists between
tho two nations."
"Otf .-iV (iazel'c, Bn:;n!a.
Ij'-S 1 that it wns imnnssilile that it could have been
liiiowi in the Cited States on tho LMi duv ol
Alvrce, 19:.'!), when lien. H.urisnti was superseded
by Tliom is '. AIo ire, of Ky., that be bad arrived
it Columiiia. iiiueli Iflss that any dllileuity had oe
urred there. Air. M oro was appointed on the
12th uf AI lrch, only twelve riayi aftur Gen. H irri
son presented bis credentials at Kojrou, and no
!i!!iru!ty had then taken plaee. Si that he watnot
recalled upun ony charge whatever."
'voh in the Snte, V- S., Ii-i3.
vt.v. Il t, w hart boi t!w fanri of a tVpubila
w.'uln cringing to tha aubotanco and rcqnlrCifirn'
of a Monarchy I and thn Governors and L' nla.
I res of Mates tire but the appointees ol a Cen
tral powor at Washington, whoso od ia "(.tmct-
'.. . .1 - -.1 .... I 1 1.
racy! Uur uoctruie, on uie oiurr nuuu, ia, nun
instead of takinj up the ilogaia 01 tne rres ueui,
or nny other member ef tho party (or of any par j
ty) and incorporating thorn at once, end untyer
stilly, at a test of political fidelity, on oi her side,
that tiie peoi'lk should investigate ali. political
.subjects, and give or withhold their approbation
according to that understanding nn I that judnmont
wherewith thu Ruler of all things had endowed
them, and lo whom they ere accountable for a
neglect or perversion of its cxerciso In short,
wc hold ihe duly of 0 roter to be even a more
solemn trust by far, than t1 at of n juror, and
that the man who refuses to inform his undemand
ing, or, having done so, does violence to it in his
vote, is guilty of a crime against sociely which
may iii-iin fatally n(F.!Ct its interests thnn an nun
died erroneous vprdic'.s from the jury box. Il
we arc correct in these plain positions, tlio injus
tice, and pernictoiiMicss of the test prescribed by
lha mpportcis of the administration will be too
apparent tu find support 01 cou l emnce aaiongst
a people a3 1,-pe. ns conscientious and as patriotic
ns tho community we are addressing.
Tried by any other rule, the self-assumed, and
selbprocla med 'democracy" of tlio party lea lers
cann.it withstand the test of t :e niosl limi ed in-
vestigition and it is for t e p ople themselves
to answer, by their voices and their influence,
whether they will now resolve all 1 nquiiy, and
merge all their old tests of oflieial fitness, into
the imple and degnding test, which h s been
brought about in the 111 ne of demo -racy, but for
ptirpos s t ie most monarchical and A;is;o:rai-
The fads nnd arguments which we had brown
together on ill's subject nloni would have run
tlirmighsever.il piges lint thev uitist bjexclu
ded fur the reasons already suggested. I t its
more diiect anu personal application, the recent
case of one of our own citizens, iu the western
end of the State, is only more glaringly (l igra I
than scores who had preceded him, ia conse
quence of his r sidetic amongst us, whereby out
intention to the general doctrine ha - bcea aw'.ik-
ned by a case u der ur own observation. But,
fellow citizans, the same role which has been ap
plied to Ryland is applied to all others. The
late Tie uviror of 1I13 U. S. (the venerable Joan
Campbell, of Virginia,) was conte.npiujusly ra
iiiuv d from his station, lor honestly expressing
the op liion thai a bolter s.-lia.ne of finance eouhl
be pul in requisition than ihe miserable sat-trea-sury
system! It was but toe oilier day us the
p.ipeis of tha .Stale inform us that tho Marshall
of ioitli Carolina w.u removed by ihe Pies'-dmi,
b cause in ho faithful discharge of his sworn
duty iu refere ico to the proper taking of die 1 u
lioual census, he had 1101 appointed Van Uurcn
men in ci iy coun y I Bui we lorbear happy
lb it in ihe election f tho distinguished citizen
whose claims we advocate, we havo a pledge
that lie wiil not imitiuc, but correct, ibis degrading
system of "rewards and panUhmeals 3 system
whi h has "made th:s be 1 nd tu 11 pah'," and
IiQj leagued together a band of men whose inter
est it is to conceal instead of expose the wrongs
and nial-pinclices of be li. l.i his letter to the
Hon ruble ll-ir.irjr Denny, written he wi ter be
lore his nominaiio 1 at liarnsbuig, he uses the fol
lowing explicit language, lo niic.'i, and a kindred
coursj of action through life, is ascrihable thu
fact that he has never been a great favouiitc with
zealous poli iJiatis or violent partisans. Ha
"To (he duties which I hays eniinterti'etl, ao
proper in my opinion to lie performed by liieooposi
loa to tne pre.-t-tit tid-niiiisti-ition (ind wl.tcii ure.
as I believe, in coitsii-uiiuual oldie. 1: un,. 1 -, i i i 1 .1 1
it'olbir wnici I 'itoiete also 10 be of uits.i impo-i-itice.
1 mean t.ie otisi rviinrat or tho iuosl cou.-il-latoiy
course of conduct towards our public-.! op
ponents. After I li si ceiisute wnich our frit .ids bavi--o
freely and so justly bestowed upun toe preset!'
Ctiief Al.itistr.ite, for having in no inconsiderable
Js;;re cist'ianoCised the woole bod, of bi.- pohtiea,
op.ions iits. I utn certain that no op pcsitioc.st, Irut
to ihe pnnriph's h; profesM -s, would uperove asiin
iinr C0.1r.se of co-iJ iot iu ttie p.-roa w.i 1 11 his vo;
uas cuotriiiuted lo elect. Ill a llrpoi.i.c, one 01
tue sorn-jt te-.ts of a healthy Mule of it . i islitu
' it'll s, is 10 be found in tiie immunity with which
every citizen, nuiy, upon nil occa-ions, r.oress his
political opinions imuI even his prejudices, in the
'.i -ciciroe of hisdu'y as an elector."
These are the sentiments of a republican in
practice as well ns in 1 ame. Under b.-e admin
istration of such a name, the country may rea.
soiia'dy anticipate that political itEPosr., which is
scarcely less to be desired than poltiical sect'.
Fellow Citizens If we have succeeded in
convincing you how false and unfounded have
been the charges of our adversaries in relation
to such topics us wa have had rcom to dis
cuss before yon, if we have absolute! v d Kt ti
lted the I'-ading men whose erroneous statements
uud deceptive promises, for years pa.t, have re
sol ed in eiii'iooing this great countiy tu its prcs
cot degradation and embarrassment, wu niny
safely rely th it any other s:.r.e ncius they may
make, for tho purpose of 1 eliining the use ves iu
power, will ha at least rigidly s.;i ut uiz ;J, not
uiny wmi rcgai.j to tne lacu I'lemselvrj, but their
lelativc iutportan c.iti considering ihe id.olt isssttc
uo-.v before the country even if they arc true.
By the.. 1 you will be told that General Hirri
s in was in favor of tha late Bank of the United
.Slates not withstand!. .g lie express! v declares, in'
h.s Id'er to Siierrod Williams, in b'i, that he
deemed ir unconstitutional, to.d so voted in rcf r
mice 1 1 ihj se-icri facias, and other measures in
lyiS. In the same Icier, he asso res the posh
tion thut a b-j 11k can be cic.ttcd by Congress, il
itectss-u-y, which will answer nil the useful pur
poses of a . rg'-ni for the govcrnmcitt, uud
yet bu cuiifiued Und restricted within lliu lim Is of
Un: constitution. 1 hat such. ton. were il.
ions i f Prea'.dunt Jackson, the following para
graph which we copy from his vdo i.-.s-sa-e, now
belore us, will tfbuuduutly demonstrate ;
'A Bank of tho United S'.ttes is, j,, ,anv rp.
sprcts, couveiiifiit to tl.o 'internment an, useful to
i!.-.' people. Euts-rlainin this opinion, un, ,L.P,V
impress,-,! wi:b tiie belief i!:t s- mi ef iho power's
and .rhi:.gei..s..sSeJ by the cxtvi ,g Lank sr.
uiriuthoiiz"d b, thu coti-tn utnni, su:iitr,ive of Ihe
rii.ts of ibn S nics tnd djngerous tj the lr.nv i s
of the pi-iple. I felt it my dxt., at uti early ,.ftri d
of my a-hiiinistra'.iun, to c.ill lue atlen:iu.i 01 Con
gress tu tin pr.iciie:ibi!ity uf orgin ;-;,,,, Hll jnsti
tui.ion ciitiioiuiiijj u t its uiraiilngts un Twin iiitiug
tbi'ie o.'i;'eeiii.v. I sinc'ii'ly rtgn-t ilut, in tne ;.
.luioiu oe-, 1 cuu ji,-ie;e-i3 uouri uj t,.u,u .'I i4.'.;.:tli tsK .
01 lint r,tnl( charter, wliiea are ne.-o .SlirVi j ,
opiiiinn, to make il compatible with j..svi'..'e, wi
sound policy, or wilh the constitution of ilr-'co.
A Bank thus "convenient" snd "itst1',!'
l.i, nm-s lliirr.a.i,sili.r-l:iri'4 i,v . a I. ..... .. tir i
sou, .u, ........ ... ,,ta tlfr 10 VV 11-
linms ha would to( fee it his "d.ity" to t'c:o
whereas, Martin Vun Bureuis pledged to oppose
his conUilutional negative to any bill which mav
bo com eived by the wisdom m,d tarried by the
votes of the representatives of the neonle To
I overcome this, ii is known that lha concur;once
101 iwo tiiuoi 01 uotn HoiMi ei v.-orgrtSf ii nv
oesirsiy nnd if her-s wei uotliing IrrKtJvcd in
the 0tpro3th:ng lection mvo this sinelc impirV
ant qiiesiion, wo ajk whether tha reflocling ttUW
zens of this giant young tta'e, with her resource
undeveloped and all her in'.aresls pnralizod by th
fai lur of oil the "experiments of the past few
years, era ready thus to tts tiisir hard, and
close TiiEia msns against nil reflec ion, for so
Id g a period as the next Presidential term? W
osk Bgnin to impress tha true difference between
General Harrison and Mirtin Van Huren In rela
tion 'o tips vital proposition ; Although neither
can make a Bank, yet, if Gcnoral Ilairison is
elected, a majoiity of iho representatives of the
people may enact bu h en one as w 11 be safe and
convenient, and suc't an ono ho will approve. If
Martin Van Huron is elected, a majority of Con.
sress are powerless in refe.ier.ee lo the subject
lha Pie3tdent holding and exeiuisidg a power
equal to two thirds.
Uj-Shall Congress or Ihe Phesidemt ps
law to the people t Shall Congress or the Presi
dent contro I and direct the MONET POWEB of tht
nation for the next five years ? These are Vie
true issws as plain ani as simple at tleey are
delUate and momentous.
Afraid to meet the friends of Harrison on tha
real issues involved in the canvass for the Pres.
iJer.cy, they will doubtless follow tho example
wa witness around us here, in attempting to rai9
false ones, and sustain them by the same reckless
uesa nf assertion which it has been our un pleas
ant duty to refute and expose. Thus, the IVitt
are chareed with being the authors of a splendid
scheme of Internal Improvement, which is 10
pbinga tho State into irimedial cmba -rasainent.
This, too, fellow citizens, will be dono in tha
teeth of the fact that the President of the Internal
Improvement Convention, which assembled in
t. Lou s in the su nmer of 183S, was nnd is a
leading and influential Democrat, and in the very
face of the official message of Governor Boggs,
now before us, from which wa copy the following
paragraphs' If they do not put to shame ths pres
ent croaking of tin parly about banks and Intor.
nal Improvement, they will at least convinco tha
peoplo how much reliance is to be placed in such
Front Gov. B tggs' Message, -Von. 22, 133d.
"Tho policy and utility of internal improvements
by the Suites, remain no longer a matter of specu
lation. The experiment, has been tested, and tha
results have been fl lUerin' beyond lbs most san
guine hopes of its friends and advocates. So ro
cent is Ihe adoption of this system, that we all re
collect when it was a subject of doubt, wlietlur th
statu governments possessed the ability of prose
cu'iii'; it. successfully; yet, in the space of a few
year-, we see iu.cral of Ihem multiplying roads
in i canal) v. itiiuul number; we son the unexampled
impulse iri veil to agriculture and commerce, and we
.ire load 1 to wrnuvr now niudi has been accompli s-li
e.d within so short a period. If we wouldapply tha
inc 01 ice 10 iudjstry if wo would give life and
vionr to nyiiculiuie ond commerce if we would
ctie.ipeo tr tiisiior-.a'.ion, facilitate intercourse, and
p ie-; o..r .-:ut.. upon tho vantage ground now occu
pied hy some of the other States, we must adopt a
sy stem of iuteni.- l improvements. The adoption of
every policy or system must have a beginning, and
i'. appears lo 1110 that now is a suitable time for us
10 commence; anj thesouuer wa begin, the sooner
shall we be in the enjoyment of the advantages re
suiting I rum them; the .sooner will be developed
tinise lesourc 's which nature has so bountifully
1-ivisiird upon us. Our state being bounded on one
-ulo by tue .Mississippi, with the .Missouri river
running through her centre and their various trib
utanus penetrating every section, the construction
of e nials would add but little to our interest or con
venience, whilst rail-r aids, which cost considen
nly lt'..s, wouid not only shorten and cheapen trans
portation, but render it less hazardous. Should
yuu concur With me in the propriety of now adop
iiug u permanent system of internal improvements,
uy the construction of rail-roods, it will bt for you
.0 select atnonr the various routes in contempla
tion, or adopt any otueir which you may think would
conduce mi;.-.; to itm general good.
I will present, ',,r your consideration, such routes
for ti.e locution of rail-roads asare deemed of great
est puukc u.iiily.
Fi.'.sr. A rout commencing at, or near, the west
ern boundary line, on the south side of the Missouri
river, pissing tbro-.gli ihu intermediate counties to
lijuuviile, and lo itie City of Jctrarson, thqnca
tnrough tiie mmeral region, to terminate at soma
point en tiie .Mississippi river, below where that
stream is i.s.ially blocked Willi ice; and in Ihe di
rection of t ie most direct practicable rout to tb
contemplated rail-road from Charleston, South Caro
lina, to Cincinnati, Ohio.
SitcoNDLV. A rouie commencing at, or near our
western boundary, on the north side of the Mis
souri river, passing through the several countiti
hordering on ur adjacent to ihe same, to Fayette,
from tli nee to St. Charles, and the city of St. Louia
to Potosi. intersecting thu first mentioned route at
the latter pine?.
Thiiioly. A rout from some prominent point ia
the northern part of our State, passing through tha
ridi country of Salt River. crossing thu route which
runs parallel with tiie Alissouri river, ou the north
side, and intersecting that on the south, at tha City
Ti eso three p'incipal routes, intersecting each
uUerat various points, form a complete chain of
comuiunica'ion to almost erery portion of tha
'u!e; and present great advantages to our citizens,
by uliording 1 hem access to the southern markets.
1 0, season 01 me year when all our natural cban.
nels ure lockod up; connecting, nt the same time,
ti.e most distant portions of our State, as well as
these still more coutiuous with the city of St. Louis,
ttio irreat commercial emporium of our State, wboaa
rapid growth in improvements, population, wealth
and commerce, b;d i'air, at no distant period, not
only to ou'slrip any of tho cities on our westera
waters, but to rival those of our Atlantic borders."
"Whe'lmra system of internal improvement! b
Ihis S ato be adopted as nn independent one, or in
conjunction wnfi individual enterprise, still tha
means ot construction not being in our possession,
v e .-miti 10 eoustraioed to resort to a loan; other
stutes tave done so, and found it a profitable invest
men', and thrrj is no good reason why we may not
obtain in tbo same way the means necessary, and
m iKeim? inves'inent pruiiiabie to us. Xiut the estab
lishment, of 11 Siute Bank, with the capital allowed
Liy the constitution, will, it is thought, afford ample
iiie ins, not only for commercial purposes, but will
enable us to prosecute a system of internal im
provements coinmeusuratu with our wants."
This message was written before he was inau
gurated ns Governor, but while he was exercising
he duties of thi station in lieu of Gov. Dunklin
who had nsig cd and taken office under tho Fed
oral Government. The next day, however, after
iiis induction into office as Governor in fact, ha
-eut in his Inaugural, endorsing hit message of
the day before, and referring to his circular during
the canvass. With the following naraisranha
from that address, which is all for which wa hava
1 . . .1. , 1 . '. --0--I -
room, wa leave this whole subject, t gether wilh
ihosj who die 710.0 tryin" to convert it into politi.
cal tapiinl against tho . IWii-jj, to the verdict of
F om Gov. Boggs' Inaugural Message, Nov. 23
Connected wilh the subject of onr currenrr, are
t ei equally int '.rusting and more imp. riant subjects
!' i iipi-niil in.,.ovei.ients and education. I arn no.
o.iu of thosa who believe that every thing can ba
R.lhclH in the alt 'lnni'iit of cither of these desira
ble ends by mere legislative enactments, apart from
the powerful influence of public rontimeiit, yell
cannot b it think that legislation will do much to
wards creating nnd nreelcraiing ths impulse, which
public spirit and individual enterprise mnv cnlcrjfi
an arry rnt li lis foil aAtoi,i. '
l-vJHf . IMqS.. . A-B,J'
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