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JAMES II. BIRCH'S ADDRESS,
TO THE PEOPLE OF HOWARD.
Fellow Citizens : But for that abiding re
liance which I liavo ever entertained in tlio uhiJ
mate justice of the peoplo, I might long since have
quailed before tho unftiir and systematic calumnies
which have beset mc, nnd, by an cosy expatriation,
(ignoble in fact, but frequent in practice) have
reached ot once tlio consummation of that ambi
tion which has been imputed as my ruling passion.
Had 1 done so, however, my real ambition would
not only not have been gratified, but I should have
felt, forover, that I had been the victim of tlie
foulest conspiracy, without the spirit to resist, or
the piwer to overcome it. I am hence a candi
date for your suflrages, nt that very crisis in the
vengeance and the machinations of my adversaries,
when a citizen less thoroughly acquainted with
the manly n.-.ture of his associates for thirteen
years, might recoil with despair or fleo with
affright. 1 know, too, however, precisely who it
is I have to oppose whose poisonous misrepre
sentations I have again to meet, and again to turn
Igainst their authors and contrivers, and ivhose
poliiicul sophistries, and political impostures, 1
have again to combat before the upright and in
telligent peoplo of Howard. Knowing thu3 the
"faction'' which I have again consented to op.
pose knowing them, and their means, intimate
ly, as 1 profess to know them, 1 might have
shrunk from the encounter, had I not known the
Jury as well us the Prosecutors. Face to face,
then, fcllow-citizens, as heretofore, will 1 meet
and answer the accusations of my adversaries
whether they relate to my private or my public
conduct to my political opinions or my rela
tions as a citizen.
When last honored with your confidence, fel
low citizens, 1 predicted from the hustings in the
district, and from the place you gave me in the
Chamber of the Senate, tho awful condition to
which tlio ascendency of the men who had
then triumphed in the elections would reduce
your country and mine. I was speaking for
both, and had I been shrouded with the mnutlo
of Elijah, and invested with the ken of prophecy,
I could not have more faithfully portended, oi
more honestly foretold, the career and the end
which all have witnessed, and all, save a Jew,
bewail and deplore.
It is within your knowledge, fellow citizens,
that that "few" have pursued me, from that pe
riod to the present, with a relentlessness wlncl;
has known no abatement, and with a malignity
and unfairness having few parallels in a citizen
as retired and unoffending as 1 had sought to
render mvself. Left, therefore, without other
resource than to "fight or fly," I appear before
vou to renew a declaration of tho principles and
opinions by. which I will be governed if chosen
. tn ii-nftl1 lint In "rpiiflnj"
lu repieaeiii. you. iiyi ,u
my political professions for from this day for
waid. until vou shall have passed upon my hum
ble pretensions, I shall proudly and sternly defy
my most incessant and embittered dctracturs to
point to a solitaiy instance in which I have de
parted from the pledges and professions upon
which you once honored mo with a station in the
other branch of the Legislature. Now, as then,
In Senate, on the -Wd February, lcJIi-J, after
arguing at great length against the Ulult Bank Sys
tem ("the party" inauia at that day) and after in
sisting on the redemption of General Jackson's
pledge in ihe Veto, in favor of a Bank of the U. S
which should combine all the advantages and bi
stript of tho objections which Jlr. B., also, enter'
luined in reference to the Into Bank, he thus pre-
dieted the progress and the sequel of the great
national calamity which has befallen the country:
"Gentlemen of the senate, my own strength, and
perhaps your patience, is well nigh exhausted. I
cannot consent, however, to resume my sent, with
out pointing your attention to another fact, of which
I hold tho evidence in my hand, subject to your in
spection and scrutiny. It is this: Tliut uf the
'.i'A deposite banks, now in employ, tho notes of 20
of them are under par; and of the whole number of
state hanks now in operation the notes on 'JO'i of
them are counterfeited, whilo tho notes of 707 ol
them (including branches) either rango in discount
as high as lilt per cent., or ore noted as "uncertain"
"fraudulent" "no sale" "fui'.ed" "closed" or "not
purchased!" Hero, sir, is the ev idence--any Sena
tor may examine it. Defying contradiction, it
should suggest to us the important enquiry, whether
there be a reasonable prospect that ue shall be able
to navigato our own frail bark in safety to the end
of the voyage, when we see the shuro thus strewed
'But, sir, notwithstanding the adoption of the
system may thus destroy the currency and ruin the
country, the scheme is u bold and gigantic one in
reference to ulterior politics and doubtless in this
consists the overweening desire evinced by the
lurking spirits who impluro its adoption out ol
doors. They may promise you much; but beware,
beware, I conjure you, you overshoot not tho mark!
'Yoy and thev may creato scores of officers to up
hold your system and to stirle the voice of the peo
ple in elections, but you may form a patronage on
the oiw hand and a tyrany on tho other too onerous
tobeborne! Vou limy ruin tliouinn!s! lournay
drain the country of its means! Your law may rob
the honest furiuer and the industrious mechanic, t
advance tho designs of vaulting a'nbition and sub
serve tho purposes of a few borrowers'. Tho wid
ow and tho orphan may be starved by the oporution
of your system! It may for a whilo teduce men
i'pmii the orderly pursists of lite- into the vortex ol
wild and uiienleuhil inir speculation but, sii. YOLK
SYSTEM WILL GO DOWN, and as it sinks will
sink also its uutliors and abettor! Tiihhe let our
t'uhcies meet! The drones who fattened, for tht-
tinic.nl the cxnense of the honest and unwary-
who were buying houses and lauds, and negroes.
nd driving carnages nu lours who, una int-r
nioiiietors may rise with the bank, will fade, and full
mill nnrish. when the tieonhl awake to a sense ol
their degradation nnd their injuries, and hurl tin
Mstem and its urmncturs into a common grave!
Tniilie let our fancies nieei! The revolving wheel
will have coinnlaied its circuit, uud the yeomanry
of Ihe country, whose confidence bus been beguiled,
abused and insulted, will relrievo Ihesupiiieiicss and
inactivity of Ihe past, by rejecting with disdain
aim contumely neiOciutioiis anil promises ut uw
future! I repeat the exclamation -tux::e Hour
tfteech (; WvsKfu W.tmtor, lW' 7, b'M 1
BV CYRIL C. CM 111"
"I ask no mercy I irivoko only stern justice
FACE fO FACE."
It will be recollected, fellow citizens, that on
the occasion olludcd to, the curremy, and (conse
quently) the Presidential questions, were brought
in issue between my competitor and myself. Mr.
Van Burcn was then pledged to the state bank
system, nnd against any lAiationni uanit, anu my
competitor espoused thoso positions. Taking the
converse of these, in my handbill of the ll.li of
July, 18.31, I thus addressed the peoplo :
"The real issue, as an ultimatum, is between a
new and properly restricted national bank, nnd
stato institutions, wherewith to carry on tho fiscal
concerns of the government and the peoplo. ":
It was on this cardinal proposition llmL 1 hail to
separate from my competitor in relation to the
Presidential succession. I know I shall en
counter the violent opposition of some prominent
members of the former relief pnrty ot Kentucky,
no less than the friends of Martin Van Burcn, who
is pledged agaiinst nny national hank nnd in favor
of statu bunks but bo it so. I should not, tor this
reason, be discredited with tho friends of General
Jackson for he announced his own conviction ol
the necessity of a new bank in the very message
whereby, he vetoed tho present one. Aloro than
that, the most distinguished members of tho party,
among thein.Col. Johnson, of Iy., Jud.ro AI'Lenn,
of Ohio, and Mr. Forsyth, of Georgia, (nt present
Secretary of State) have all publicly nnd recently
expressed their preference for a properly guarded
hal tonal institution, imtead of tin curt-loads of
trash wherewith tho pjiiry of Mr. Van Burcn
would inundate, corrupt and rain the country."
So wrote, and so spoke tho citizen who a l-
dresses you, six years ago. ou honored him
with your con Ii once, and what ho then prophe-
cied, in your name, is now a part of the mourn-
lul History ol the country, lias he been to
blame, or the men who opposed him then, and
oppose him now ? If I was light then, fellow
citizens, in foreseeing and predicting the great
national calamity which has befallen us and if
you then deemed a properly guarded national
bank the only conservator of tlio monetary inter,
ests and institutions of the country, I put it to
your candour nnd uprightness to say, whether your
opinions of that day have not been confirmed by
tho melancholy teachings ol cxpencnec which
havo succeeded it. It may suffice to say, that
mine, at least, have undergone no change and
that, under these impressions, and with this vol.
ume of confirmation before me, I shall not hesitate
to concur in any measure of tho Legislature,
whether by memorial or otherwise, which looks
to the interest of the great body of the people,
in the creation of a new, well guarded national
bank which, furnishing a paper medium of
equal value with a metaiio currency, for trade
and commerce, nnd the heavier transactions of
society, could not fail to drive the unsound
trash of the local banks from circulation, and
fill the vacuum with proper proportions of gold
and silver. 1 say now, as I have ever said, that
such n bank should bo purely American
neither belonging, in whole or in part, to for
eigners, as the lost Bank did, nor as the sell
called democracy of tho Legislature proposed our
Slate Bank should. It should, moreover, belong
to the States, tho United States, and to individ
uals, in such proportions as would control all
incentives to tho contractions and expansions
whi' h were were complained o( heretofore, by
making its profits mainly jto to lessen the bin.
dens nnd taxes of the States nnd the Union,
while nt the same time the keen vision of pelf
interest would not bo wholy excluded from its
direction. Such an institution located in the
District of Columbia, whereby all constitutional
scruples as to tho power of Congress ought, to he
obviated conceding in its charter a legitimate
subjection to tho right of tho States to tax its
branches or agencies within their borders, (if no
ccssary) would be us powerless for evil as it
would bo eminently powerful for good. To
my mind, it continues to bo the only safe nnd
salutaiy resource against the "experiments"
which have failed as well n3 those which are
Connected with this subject all must admit
that the Bank created by our Legislature has
signally failed in fulfilling the expectations ol
tho people, or ministering to tho wants or the
interests of tho country. Charges, moreover,
ate rife, of the grossest mismanagement and loss
of funds by the parent bank and I confess I
should be gratified to bo a member of a commit-
tee, appointed by tho next assembly, to look
into the books and papers not only of the mother
but of the tranches. There is something inex
plicable, except to tho Dircctois and officers,
who are sieorn to secrecy. A searching investi
gation, therefore, through a committee of the two
houses, is perhaps the only mode by wh ch the
people can be made acquainted with the real do
ings, os well as tho real malices of their own
Such being tlie opinions 1 entertain in relation
to tho Bunks, the Currency, nnd tho geneiul
question of 1 iiiunce, 1 need scaicely say that I
am opposed to "the currency bill" proposed and
carried in one houso of the last Assembly. It
is nt best but a Jorccd euro for a Jorccd disorder,
which will again get well ol ilsell under the
healthful regimen of a sound n:uional"regulator."
Whilo this bill was pending before tho Legisla-
tuie, I was in the ciiy of Washington, and 1 truly
declare that when it was first shown to mc in u
Baltimoro paper I pronounced it a hoax upon
the Legislature of my state. A few clays, how.
ever, undeceived mc as I was informed that its
passngo was as fully calculated upon by ono of
our distinguished fc'enators there, as though he-
had been already advised of it. 1 met the glor
ious news! of its rejection by tho Senate, ut Cape
Girardeau, on my return homeward, and shall bo
Iisiippoiutcd, indeed, il ever again, even in .Hut-
souri, a slavish subserviency to tho wishes of one
man and ho our common servant shall drive
its legislature to the very brink of enacting a
law so vnfraternal, vndiniied nnd childish im
ihcoue hand, and so eminently unii'piibHcan an J
unwisoou tho other. As tho Journal shows that
ono of my competitors was the introducer of this
bill of "puins and penalties" I shall but render
him that special justice, which is duo 10 tho sub
ject generally, by inserting it in efensu. I have
procured a copy, uud find it to bo in the follow
ing words ;
7'J R Ell U LATE THE CLRUE.WY.
Ii. it enacted In I tie. (Intral Atsem'ily of lite Stale
of Missouri, us fnllntcs :
oku i. io person Mi ni ijsS v.wi w """j.
receive or oiler to rCCnir,.. ftft" t....', note or pa;
currency wiO ia oiimits otl.ls State, iifu! ihe
SrslUiiy of March, HliU of a loss deiu.i.iinatiou
ban live dollars; af or the foaith day of July H:jil.
S , , . 1. II - ,rt
CEASES TO HE DAMIEROVS, WHEN REASOS IS LEW FREE TO COMftAT FT."
of a less" denomination than tMi dollars, and after
the first day f March, IS 10, of a less denomina
tion than twenty dollars; except ilia ten dollar
notes of the bank of the State of Missouri.
Sec. H. No person shall pass, or oiler to pass,
receive or offer lo receive, nny bank notes or paper
currency, payable nfter date, commonly called
post notes, after the first day of March, H:t!.
Sec. 'A. No person shall pass or oiler to pass,
receive, or oiler to receive, any bank nolo or paper
currency, issued by any bank, uenerally reputed
and believed to be a non-specie paying bank, after
the first day nf March, IS:!:). fl
Ssc. -1. No person shall pass, or ofier to pasjf 4
lutein;, ui uiii-i in H.-I.I.-I t., uiij null, nuiu ui
currency, purporting to be issued by the president,
directors and company of the bnuk of Ihe United
Slates, after the first day of .March, 1S:19.
Sec. 5. No person shall establish any agency,
or nny branch of any bank nfniiother state, or ter
ritory, or of the District of Columbia, after tho first
day of March, lS:i!) ; nor shall any person who may
have heretofore established any such agency or
branch of nny bank, continue the same in exist
ence after the first day of March, H:i'J.
Sei. 1). No nwney broker or exchange dealer,
shall carry on his business ufter the lirst day of
.'birch, H:3!), without a license from tho clerk of
tho county court of the county in which said busi
ness is to bo traiiacted for that purpose. The tax
on id iieen-e shall bo paid to the collector of the
revenue for tho u -e of the state. Tlio license shall
bo grunted ou the presentation of tin) receipt from
tho Collector for said tux. An occasional buying
and selling of bills uf exchange shall not constitute
n broker or exchange dealer within tho moaning oi
S-.e. 7. Every per-on who shall pass or off -r to
pa'-s, er receive, or otl'-r to receive, any bank note
or pap.-r currency, contrary to the previsions ol
this act, shall be lia'Me for the contents of such note
or paper currency and,
per cent, damages on tho amount thereof, and the
person injured nny recover the same beforo any
tribunal having jurisdiction of tho amount, on nu
nc..' a:rl m iti-jii ; anu lie mav cail upon Hie onposiLc
pnr;y to los'ify on o vt'i in regard to tim matter, and
in c-isooi'i.i refusal may testify himself, but no
a:i-wr so u'.iUiue.l shall be given in evidence on
an; iadic'.aient for tlio same otl'mco.
S 'C. "J. Every person who shall piss, or u:l' r
to pais, ur r :eeivo. or utfjr to r'ei'e, any btti':
no;e or pi;) '.- cane ley c mlrary to tho provision
of this a :', shall !j i.i lietoJ and liao-1 n '. le-s tina
S 'c. !). Any og.a'., or broker, or exchange d-al-er,
lor violating any provision of this act, shall Ik
in !ic:ed and fined not less than ten thouiaad cij'.
lars. SVo. 10. Incise of violations of this act by in
corporate bodies, the president, directors and cash
ier of sail! bodies, or any one of them shall be liablo
as in case of violations by private individuals.
Sec. 11. Every person required to be license'!
by the laws of this state, after tho first day of March,
lSyJ, shall before ho can be licensed to exercise
his trade, culling, business or profession, tiike nn
oatli that ho will not knowingly violate tho provis
ion! of tuo act to regulate tlio currency, or sali'.r
any agent or cleric of his to do ?. Every such per
son, violating tho provisions of this act, shall on
conviction, forfeit liis license, nnd bo considered
guihy of perjury, and punished accordingly.
See. 1J. Every person who shall violate any
provision of this act. nftor tho first day of March,
IS;;), shall be ineligible to tiny public olliee in this
state, and every public oiiiccr who shall violate any
provision of this act, afier the first day of March,
1;!9, shall Lijiou conviction, forfeit said olfico und
be removed therefrom.
Sec. l'.i. The several circuit nttorm'es slmll proj.
cent'-, and all grand jurors shall present, cery vio
lation of thi-i act of which they have kno-.vluJgo or
S-.'e. 14. The judges ofil.c several circuit courts,
shall givo this net iu charge to all grand juries,
and sncil read it to llirin.
Si:c. lo. This net shall take cffjct ou the first
day of March, IS'.i). It shall be pu'uli .hi d three
times, weekly, ia each newspaper published in the
state, inia.ediately ut'ter its passage."
The objections I entertain to this bill, which
is again declared by tho Democrat, and other
party papers, to bo "tho test question" in this
election, would, of themselves, occupy more
space than I have pres.-ribecl to myself in ill's
entire address. As I shall have many opportu
uities, however, for oral amplifications, on this
and other subjects, I wll very h,; My embody
the principal reasons which must cause its rejec
ji'ttion when submitted to tho judgment of the
people on whom it is to operate.
To say that the fourth section, apart from its
unwise and spiteful exclusion from circulation,
(under any circumstances,) of Bank notes which
are confessedly as good or better in the payment of
debts than any other eastern bank, was also cnii
neully discourteous and imfratcrnul to a sister
State, who had adopted it, is denouncing it in the
mildest terms which its f 1 ly and impolicy has
The first, second, and third sections may be
considered together and let any reflecting man
answer lo himself, what would have been the
.situation of the debtor class of the community, at
Jiis day, if the cllbrts of "tho party" had not
been countervailed by tho refusal of four admin
isiration Senators to concur with their brethren
in the House of llcprcsontativcs ? These sec
lions, ',it will be perceived, are sanctioned by oaths,
indictments, Jurfuluns, Jincs and disqualifica
tions, as thick us words can render them, in jicnal
sections. If, as wo hear from every quarter ol
tho land, tho most upright ami industrious men
find it difficult to pay their debts as things are,
what would bo theii condition if the notes of Il
linois, Indiana, Kentucky, tho Bank of tho U.
States, nnd other " non-specie paying banks,"
were thus excluded by this bill ol abominations?
Our own bank either cannot, or will not turn a
finger gold nod silver cannot bo had, for it
is not in the United States in the proportion ol
more than J'rom 4 to 5 dollars for each citizen
creditors do not ordinarily object to Iho "curren
cy" and roa what shall lliis law bo passed,
which must reduce iho prico of property and
wages more than ono hull, uud bankrupt thou
sands who would otherwise bo able to pay their
debts uud support their linuilici ? FOR WHAT.'
To pretend that it will render silver and g)!d
more plenty, is but to assert that it can make hard
dollars for, ns before remarked, it is not in the
country, except in tho trilling proportions 1 have
mentioned, notwithstanding il has been promised
with tho same confident prodigality lli.il olm r
coo l things havo been on the eve ol elections
Every man who will kivo himself the least trou
bio to tnniK, can urnvo at no other conclusion
but that this bill, in connection with the proposod
sub-treasury, must tvil.'tdraw iiuieu of o;o coin
from circulation, iusl.t' of exerting the creutiu
fucubtci which havo been ascribed to it, for ihe
i r oi r .i i i i- i i l- .
" of ur,l'or
tAMjon. shall wo resort lo these des ir.ctive
"fxperimcut.s, except to gratify the pude, and
miuistci to the vanity ol some of our own 'r-
LICK TIM ES
SATl'UDAY, .JI'LY II, I S 10.
v.nts, wiio are committed ngainst tho salo nnd
snlutaiy plan of u properly guarded National
But n subject of even graver importance than
currency or finance has been presented to the
consideration nf the Stairs. Tho President of
the U. States has employed tho very strongest
words the vocabulary allowed him, in earnestly
recommending to tho consideration of Cong:-s,
n "plan," disguised under the misnomer of re-organizing
the militia, but p sscssiiig nil tho cssen-
Hal constituent elements ol u lMniidim! Arinv
worse! Thi army proper has no voice in
elections whereas tho 100,000 militiamen, who
arc to bo under his control, in time of peace,
are not to bo divested of their right to vote cs.
pocially if they vote right. What would Jcller
son or Homy say what would Virginia what
has irgiriia said to lliis monstrous proposition,
Ijo get control of the mind of the country through
the medium of its soldiery'? 1 have the Message
of the President in th? IKmwrnl. I have the
Report and plan of tlie Secretary, whh-h is so
"earnestly recommended" in the message, in the
Ilkhmond Enquirer. I havo tho more recent
fylcr of the man who is yet his Sourctury, and
who dcj'ends the report, but cravenly essays lo
excuse iho President fiom the n spon.sibility ol
his own recommendation ! This I .shall rea l
from another number of tlio Enquirer ami from
thesj, nnd other authentic documents, thj fault
will be mine unless tho free .spirits of th's comi
ty shall as signally reprobate the scheme, iis au
thor and endorser, as has been djno nlreadv by
tho ancient and nntcrrified Commonwealth from
which so many of us came. If elected to repre
sent you, I shall not rest short of proposing ami
pressing upon Congress llic solemn protest ol
.Missouri, against this most palpable vi.il.itinii ol
the constitution, in regard to those rights of tin-
lite, boerty m.d honor of lieu citizen soldie.s,
which it ptoposcs to take front li-.r, an I !icr t:f..
ties, ana invest iu the n?ii..u ol Vic r,wt
and nose ol his i-reul'-iii. s
While upon the subject of those Nation. ! j
mcn.-.ures on which it may bcomo the duty o! :
Missomi to express iho voice of a fre-s and sovo-1
reign State, 1 cannot forego tlie iuipuitain.e ol '
resulvin-r now, while wo have the power, and in t
view of tho probability that tho Executive de.
pnrimcni will soon be filled by the patriot, citi-z-m
who has proposed to favor the ptnpos-.; by hi.?
own voluntary pier opt, tint, ' hcucciorwir.l, no
citizen, however iliusliious. shall control the
iniiaeiis' patronage of tie; Presidential olli'.-e b;
your 1 a S'liglc Term." In an udiress written
by the Central Commit:; ?, and which very citi
zen may procure and read, they have eiu'ijJxd
an array of facts, considerations and rt-fl.vtious,
from the perusal ol which but few c;m rise with
out a conviction thai the interests perhaps the
voiy security ol the people and their institutions
depends upon tho adoption of this salutary iih.a
sure. I was for it under General Jackson as
ho was and had it been adopted then, tho conn
tiy had been spared much of the bitterness of party
during the fiist term of his successor, and would
have had, always thereafter, a fairer and freer
election than when one of tho candidates is the
incumbent of tho office, and wields its immense
and corrupting patronage to procure a to. election.
An amendment ol the constitution, eminaeiiiL'
this provision, along with mioihef which should
tccompanv it, and which should secure lo the
people the right of voting plainly, and withou
the intervention ol electors, tor the men ol
choice for President and Vice President, could
be proposed and canicd by Congress without
touchim: the constitution in any oth.r particular.
If ll.o indications of popular scati.neui in at
least nineteen out of the twenty six States are
not wholly deceptive, Tim ri:ji'Lr. have now the
power, by acting in concert, and ah'jcc the preju
dices ol tho past, to carry llies: great and sjiUU
ry re' onus.
As the mad nnd fanatical Aboliiiou'sts will
prooably ntlumpt the same d rsperate nnJ uncon
stitutional course in relation to the ii.hui.ssioii o!
Florida into the Union, which distinguished t'euu
and their udheieiits on the Missouri O-iestiuti ;
and as there is a probability that the Tcoitury
will s.'ek to be admitted during tho remainder oi
Mr. an burcn s iiresenl term, it mav become I
proper for tho Legislaluro of Missouri, remem
bering the past couise of the present Executive,
not only iu relation to slaveiy in our own State
in l's-l, but to Florida in 1S22, to pi ice uti:
right lo a place in tho Union o.i the same hiuii
and republican ground assumed, am
Vt t main,
lamed, by General Harrison, in relation to I S.
To a memorial of this character, or any oilier,
having for its object the icsistanco and contra
vention of ''the mischievous1 and iiucoiisiiiuiion.it"
desigosof this association of wicked or ui;s"u:d,d
men, I shall lend tho must steady and timk-viat-ing
Altough the ad.iiinistiali'm has manifested lue
most decided reluctance, if not hostility, to com
ply with its compact in continuing and complet
ing tho Cumberland Ko.vl, iho mere fact that
Missouri has once cast her vote for Mr. an
Huron, should not dct-r its lo
tiir.i from re.
pealing its rcs)cctful doinaiids upon the Nation 1 1
Legislature. If, us the Irieiids add apollogists of
Mr. Van Bureii allege, he is coml'dulhnalhj op.
nosed to continuing the road to the seat oi' gov
ernment hi our state, the probability is iilrcii.lv I
too npparent lo admit of rational doubt, that at
least a majority of lci!tcr iSi-ttcs will give us a
President, whoso "constitutional scrnplis," who
liter real or all'octed, will not stand in the way uf
our undoubted rights is stu'Clateu a.nu r.iia
Intimately connected with ibis subject is ano
ther, which, to the disgrace of ihe uge, has been
converted into a parly ipiesiioii, as fir as could
be done, by tho men who lirst officially proposed
it. 1 am not in lav ir of so wild an 1 c.r;:vu
gnu a system as is pi oposcd in tho fust oMieial
mossago ol tho present "party" (iovcriior nor
am 1 in favor of iho total ubaud 'iimeni of tho
constituliotial duly of tiio L glsialuie, as is now
urged by many of the press. s and orators ol his
patty. If I a. il elected to repusciit uui, 1 shall
iigs ii lako and subscribe an oath to 'vippost tht
const it alio n," iho 7t!i Aitielo of which enacts,
f . . t . . i it,- ... i. . .
iiucrniii improvement sa.tn wicvcr rncott
raged by iho government ol ibis Sti.le ; and it
sh"!' bo i'nc duly of iho General Assembly, as
soon as may be, 'o make prov sion, by law, lor
ascertaining ihe most proper objects of improve
ment, in lolation both to roads and navigable
waters ; uml it shall ah.o be. llicii du: u piovide.
by law, for a systematic and ccunumleul application
ol tho lands uppiopiiated lo lhasc objei is.
Having my i-cal the
y youi good km
I trill, el
Vol. 1 Xo. 17.
under tlio constitution, shall not, however
much I desire an exemplification of tho former,
seek to obtain it by a virtual pledge lo ili.re
gard my oath to support tho latter. I will there
fore but promise lo exercise my best diacrotiou,
and lo conform tho action of the Lcg'sluturo to
the reasonable means of the State.
I rhull doubtless gain as much of reproach as
of commendation, for again pledging nivsclf to
a reduction of salaiics particularly the pay of
me members ol tlio tumoral Assembly. 1 f:iimr
that nearly twice as much time is expended as i
iiecessary for the pi riper transaction of the pub.
lie business, and I know, full os well, that thcjmy
is C Mc bottom of all tho idleness and inatlen.
lion of those who put off their business until to.
waul the last of the session. The assembly now
consists of 13.1 members and the aggregate dif.
fcrcncc between iho Kentucky pay mid rjurs, do
ring an ordinary ssiou, wo'rld be about !),
000. Let no man say, tl, it, in times like llu.se,
when taxes arc higher in Ajijsooi tii.aii any v. le re
else, and the .stale in debt In -ides, that that ;.
is loo insignificant for umsidivit ou. It ulo.ie,
would lie a Sulliuient n; propriation ,'it some of
our toads or rivcis peihaps double ouglHor
any which need attention at present.
1 Iav.ng ' remonstrated, in a pievioiii paragraph,
agim-t the monstrous and unconstitutional pro
position to tike oil ' militia men airiy fio.n us,
in time of peace, I am not, therefor, the L
favomhle to their more thorough organi. ilijn ami
d.sc.pline under ilk' rightful authority of the S'ale.
A.iy pi. u:, looking to such a consummation, may
haw me ( oncnueiicc of a S'atis Eiu'ii's lliptib
liciin, no less hcauy ilnin tho reprobation with
which all politicians of that school luust stamp
the federal and consolidating scheme ol the Pre-
n view of
Ine nr w
ppor'.ior.iyicut of t!
tionnl lejuc.- . illation, under iho census now t
, log, it win ;te tho duty ol uio next L'-g..
i tol-.o su-.h steps as in. iv be deemed cxp.
; icieioi.eo to ihe election ol members Ir
l.-'h:i. .My objections lo the 'ou. oral t'u
.'ol M s-
i ten weio boi rowed Iroui L
iu 1 sg 1, and have bcc.i sire
, 1 1
, SO til
boon ihe victim ol tho " .'
eloquently d.uiouu ui. It'
lno'iose a .ur ui 's'-jii
Ol C.ll ol
1. umber i 1
' '" i"'"i"-
..ve the man o
who v. iii best attend ! j ( it i
i. Til's I'"'-'
term lo:.; it
the demo untie doctrine, imti
origiii.il meaning in the huwh of li.e p irty hacks
who have alike tlc.?cc rated u:vl di-lejuoufd it.
I need scarcely rciuic the E-j-'Jiniic .- I have eve,
held out, that tlio groat can -a of popular eiicca
Tios shall always find me its walchiul guaidian
and zealous ttdvouto. The youth of tho country
nfist be educated and 'sent into tho world too
vigilant to be deceived by its calms, mid tuo vi
gorous lo be shaken by us whirlwinds."
Having therefore concluded what I havo to say
iu reference to tho principal topics of political
discussion, and thus renewed tho strong pledges
by which 1 have stood connected with the ad
voc.ky of Common S.hoo'.s, there remains lor
our consideration n subject of much local inter
est, whether we have reference to lh ; piesenl or
future prosperity of the county. 1 allude to tho
condition ol Howard College. Having had the
honor lo introduce the bill for its incorporation, I
have been, perhaps, unusually sensitive in reler-
en -c to its progress, completion, and endow meir;
auJ having been recently inlurmcd that all other
sources were likely to lail, I have bethought iii
by which wo can proba'oly
lay to lintsli it, stock itwu.i 1.1'iary and rp ia
raius. and g-.ve it a Ui i" and prosperous i.opct'js
an institution of lc iruiug. I.-.-t it i.ot bo ob-
clod when all other means inv.: failed, lh it,
to I he pec ul i ir it nation of our offal,-::,
the c;iin:nt considi rations involved, I
to ask the g:s!auve sanction to n Ln
iho purpose ot t.vsing JoO.OO l, for the
object clos glinted. -Vj do'iut can be entertained
but that tho Sihe.:!.' would co.nmand the par vti
!uo, and even bo competed -'or by tho brokers of
St. Louis and as littie doubt tan ex'st t' a! ihe
l.'g'sbuive sanction, tv?!i of those who are oppo
s -.lto lotteries r.s a system, might be obt.-.tind,
on a fair and iiigouujus repiesoiitatio'il of the p .
culiar circumstances coui.o led with this ntuvr-
w ise u
tiilllioil. li'It I
Wu'g would not
lave tlio re, ;u
-Ue iull iciico
w.tu -i democratic, legisla.ure, t
j procure the p
ss. igo ot such a bill us. his : '1
answered, that the prospc. is ci
arc quite us Haiti ring as for a P
this it may be
iiiooiauo ono i ut the objo
i'.u'ci', even if the premises
Whig pledges hi. Usui! so to
iher in a me.ioritv or uiiii'
gioil is deprived ol i
as to S' hi,
,;oct and good will of ut!
1 am not so vain as ij hopo for all iho
ions I have thus l.asiily throw. i together the
coiicun eiiee even ol my political fiiclli's.
hups xo man coiil. 1 be clctcd, if tri' d I y
test. 1 havo dot scrupled, m.v ..-ithelcs ;. -,
THAT II ilii
picvious occ iisijns, to give thoili with caudor-
lolyuig now, as heietolore, liul, ui tuo main,
thi yuiil meet the uppioviil ol a people whose
every interest is )ii iiil.'iC.-t. Oi the lidoliiy
with which 1 sii. ill adhere to my pledges, uiniliu
oral or v.'iit'.etl, 1 may invoke my v. cist enemy
to lake tho Journal of the .Senate, and point
even lo a s iH'-try ins'stii c, when in, cither to
subserve pmty purposes or poismial feeling, 1
deviated !i j. u a single priucipl.t on which I was
elected. My course then, v.i'l bo my course
again as well in steady rdteuli jii to your busi
ness as in fidelity to your interests. Fully recog
nix.ing, moieovei, the right of the people to in
struct their representatives, and tho duty of ihe
lader to conform to the wish, s o.' t!.o i-u.ii r, I
sii ill endeavor, ; herotof .e, to us ; ,t iiu m.d re
ilc.l yoii'' will, not mine, on nil icstions uui
iiitei'.'.uiiig with liiy coiistitii'.i j;. il ".oil. Not to
pa:v.riiic creeds lor a r.vin v, us in tne curreii,
bill and other iiioa,-me.-) but lo pa.suo t!,-j n.:
INTKUKSTS of tub i'B'-tlk, ;.;.!! cui.tb.uo to
be my gcvciiiiiig maxim.
I luve Lut one rc.pust t. ::'.:,ko in toncbisioii,
nui that is, .a I be allowed lo state my u-rr.
politics, ou nny proposition win,;: :s not an lude'l
in ibis address, I lied I understand them beiMu
tin I some gentlemen who have int. r '.-led ihcm.
selves to make o creel lor me ami l pici r io
tell my own story in my oun way. The fib j
iilin, iul portion o, the people, too, will di . . ;!.-, I
be In lb r sati-.ud v.iia a nnui s own ild t.w.iuou
and c i I.i n.it l.-iiis, i'i.i.i v.ilh the sinister ,,toi ic
of men who h .vc bet on t' ih i tioii, nr ;u
I Wlci; llltejl
tin ; 1 1
time, I will be thankful io any prison who wi.
odviso me, nl the varinp neighborhood eollec
(ions during (he present month, what charges it
may bo necessary to nolicc, explain, or refute'
or upon what other subjects any porticn of my
fellow citizens desire to hear my opinions or pur
JAMES II. BIKCI1.
Fayette, July 4. IS 10.
The following nre extracts fnmi tho celebrated
h tu rs of lien. Harrison and Mr. Van Enron both
written iu the suuitarr uf Hoii, to tho Hon. Shcr
rod Williams, ihcn and yet u member of Congress
from Kentucky. Tney arc given lo demonstrate
Ihe cuiiieidenee of opinion bet worn Ceiieral Jack
son tintl lioneral Harrison on the l' u.k question, as.
al n, tin' lifer ,v of succeeding wi'h it.
"' '"! so"," , so long as .Mr. Van Duron is armed
uith (lie Presidential veto. Wi'h rue we n;i hue
a gin.. uml . bank, if I 'engross say u with
!ho other r ea u ha ve n r
I.I. I I i.i;.
As a private
!' ar of any i;
inthority of tho
:rle snare iu too
rii.cn, no man ciyi i.i; more entirely
olive, rithcr for i e-c'iurloiiug the
or creating a new one, under the
'.'oiled Siaies. I never had a '.in
fer. u T, nor indeed in anv baiik,
u i tli line except hip; and licit man;.
".iOi the loss of I In- entire sio.-l;.'
years a go fa
1 Irivo no i:
a t ion
;am lo venture in that w.av, even il' 1
pi i- :-''-s the means, u It U the I'.V'ee'l.v
Mi'ioucl, of stivl; iu h Inu's huer -jnce
'io'tt, 1 never put out a dollar al mti re.-t in lo,
alin'orcst being eutir: iy id-tut ilied with lln
I'lVal i..Ti..li:o soil, lam iiimiuliMi-iv and
J.ioily eiie::led widi iiuno o'her.
I 'lider thcM
J.leksMI ill 'In;
sage's to I'.'i'
: i in
ttrc'o with ' rriu r. i i
I in one nf his u,e-.
I Ml l":;ire- ,
;rr-s,, from v':ie!
u.g extract : " V c a ' .e
''. .' n! ' .iV 1 ',. ; . ' it
;' 'i 1 '.'I ' .'i ' . mi-.i: ..-.j ic
.'; '.a tj'ir ' ' g.. . j ,i,f. rs,
V - '.'.., it I 111.! ! tll-l-t.ii:l .1 i,',, I
tlie period for le-ehartering Ihe old iusiiimiim
pass.., I, m IVnns-vivaiiia has n is, !v taken care to
appropriate to herself the lieiletits of its iargo capi
tal. The ii ntio-i. tlr-a. for -i.e to r,::; - rr. i-. u!,f th-
vou s tp. it ei'
"lit. I won! 1 sj-u .-:u :
-' iii r
;' to- r.
'.or : I a in'
- ir iu -t i'u' :
l.--.:- ..I c".
i Shell a u i
! am M t...
.hi I-- IV.:-;
same l ins' i - c .
l ; 1 1 lerslood, I ha'
ation i'f anv sue
uiuiii i. 1 do no
t hero or e! I,,
i he adv Ullages t
I' eiile.lly opp-ivj to l.'.e rr-
''..ten in tho i'is'rii'l of 'Jo'.
vo tnat any national bank.
i''Cesx.ii tu seeure eitiier '
.: our ouosi i ,u ha j refel -
feds, oeateti at evciy point. their cabm.-im-t
licncrcl ibirrison exposed and r- :'i i c I
they h.ue reduced their o'.a.'ctiou to his eiectioi;
almost to a sigle point. " jto will u ,t come out
(liicy say) with a declaration of hisipinons Ho
will ii it answer the iett Ts audres , J to uiui . is
i.i the ii-iaJs of a (.'omuiittec; ho ko.';s drk an 1
mysterious We cannot vut : !' r him."
Well, gentlcineii, will you Vote tor him, if ho
do 's answer! We put tho ,pi tstion Hire - tl v t j lh 1
I.' I :.....'.:, T- . . : I - ... i , ti
I "r-r li tienerai x '.rrison wi;i
laus'.V'r luliv ou an questions ot pua.ic interest,
I will yt'i then ceas.; your abuse, and gi .'j him your
sui'jrt! iy the wo;.'., ami e engage taut yi-u
sh:.., til s i...o s r.paeii i I your ia-i pre'ewt ut
ci' 'sio ::. li 'iiera! II '.rri-ja's sc:;ii..ic:i!s are
iiO'V wed in.o .vu to Ids fri .-a Js-they desire nothing
f.rther f. :n i.. .i than '.von they already have.
His pa'ahe acts, his so jo.-hes, and u;s lel-ers, li,..-ii
have Uvil pu'dished agiin, and agiia, sati-sfy ti.eui
uf hi r.ejeiblieanism, a:e! of his il -v. :ion tn t.e:
bt interests of the eou'i'ty. i ,t to rem -i even
the shadow.- if a ptete.M !i r tin? cavil nf iiis enemies,
they do not d .nl't tli.it tney c ui outaiu any addition
al information which may v desired. V i'.i Il.lcl.ie
aceei,' the :. rms iiropto.!!
1: so, lot In :ii state
wauls light. By the
ua wh it par'icu ar sabjects l.e
wa v, not it ust Hiding i, tiio
;iru::r about I lehcral ita
hitioas be known, o
isuii's rei'i-ii: to et: i.i
Vc- l.t'V.T hoiM a fed SUe-
'Uly a sineio s;;l.j . -t on u.'.icu toe den -rai h'.s not
bo.-;: iul! and o::'.; i. is ii Ab 'ii ion.' lieoppisei
the final lo on Iho ,Jis i.i.-i )'. istio.i. mid in Ins
s;'"e.:i: .-s at in.' -oil's an 1 t'lcvi-c. iio oronouuoeit
tuc co.ug - of t..o liu.aaei.ia'i'rs ic jV, fr.:::p-
' s, tt'i i.c'i ; 'i t," ut.d I;. o " 'ic-.'-U' a
of sliver; ia li.e oi-slaichc-ldin sta'eslo ha:'
u i -au I . n iu '..e c.-.uc i. .ic's ot' iho C j:i si i ii.i ui."
Phis i- ex . it aii'i stroiig cuougo, su'elv. Is it
a .Y.'emii ',).i.li'. il: was opp ,e-i to tho late
liing to -ui t any cuu sUMition.il
iV lis ol: nt.-r. lie regar ls such
i-oi tiiiooiisti utimia'. uuo.'ss simwii to he
i.eeesrar', for Iho ti-cai oier'itions of the
pat no' could i
iciare.! h woo
! ,.e'v avowt.' I 1
Thi - is as ue.c'ii or u
i iiiid lliis i e has
little as ii true
reneate,!: j ile-
d do. I- it the tan;!'
is fl'iIT'ial of the l.
1 lo bus pub
ami his deieruiiii.at.ii.in to wiipport it. Torre is no
mystery hen?. Is il Internal improvement by tlio
i ieueral 1 iov. -riioioii'.! tie is o. -p. .sod to it, boe 111-0
iho states tl.ems.'lvi s havo carried tho system to 1 y
a tar a-pr ut 'iiii' j .siiues. is it w., oner ho w.,1
cons -ut to a re-i'lee i'l ? 11: his s !.- nnv n'e tg-
od his wo.-J u word never f r.'. bed tint lie will
servo but a siagie term, t lie r by introducing ono of
Oie most i.iiooi ' an refor as Which can he iuiag iu, d.
Is it his views. n re i'cct t- proscription f-.r opuiijii,
and the ilistrii.utioii of puhlie o'hoes as reward- to
iiarti.ius ! 7e h is denounced t he corrupt svstoui
ill these pari ionl 1 .-s, as ;ra, tisi d by tia; present do
miuaht party, -s tests of li.uoss for o:!i.'j will
be the sa.ue that were aiiupted hy Air. Jc.'i'or-en :
Is he caeable ! Is ho iioncst ! is ho faithful to
the 1.' oii-titu! ion !"
We call noon tiie Edit ir of the F.11 piircr to spe
edy the points on wuich i.e de-ires to be eitliiiteu-
d, in ease ho i ivil.in to s'tuo uis t'uturo cour-e
upon the r.iis.icrs 'h,,ii lie may reei ivo to his ca-
luiries. l.-tt there ue 110 :ui:tl ng ami ho skdiki".""
Let tho editor loo li.c ui.rii, :01a .ot l.i'.u say uhal
iu wi-hos to I;uo,v. Wo d i.y him I) u. sooi'i. a
mo. 1, and an io. ; '.-:x;..-- '.'..i . ry re.i-uu'le
or :tiwn we have su , iiiMi'd. if ho wiii mile
he one and abide ilm oiler, as an honest 111 11
should do, wo undertake that be will be un adve
.ule of t;.e Oi.; 1 i0110r.1l in loss th in six weeks.
( 4.W I'. '.'.g-
I r about t!
friend of tl
-hvleil by ;
ri ill I'ifs'.H
he . leeled,
'..- :: Mr. For-yih, in hi" recent h '
r Vi.-e I'resiilei ey, dn larcs that --no
administration cm ihc.v iiopo to he
e people," an. I tilt- Van lairon Meicu
gli says licit, ,! l.'.il. Ji'h'isoii ci 1
i.'iib' r can Air Van 1! lieu " l h 1
I - i '-v