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Boon's Lick times. [volume] (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, November 28, 1840, Image 1

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PMishtrs and Proprietors.
TV. 15.11 a.
'Mills P.VrEa is published weekly, at 4,:) ill
L advance, or $1 at the end of the yenr. No
tapir will lin discontinued but ot llie option of the
Editor until all arrearages are pnid and a failure
to give notice of a wish to discontinue will be
considered at new engagement.
ICntcs of Ailvcrtixiits.
One dollar per square, of twelve lines, or less.fi.t
the lirst inseitim, and fifty cents a square for euol.
subsequent insertion.
For one square 12 months, twenty dollars.
Merchant or others advertising by the year, to
the amount of fifty dollarsand upwards, will he en
titled to a deduction of one third, where a rcgulnr
agreement is entered into.
Where the insertion of an advertisement is or
dered, without the number of insertion beinp spe
cified, it will ba inserted, (in the discretion nfihc
proprietors) until forbid, and charged fur accor
dingly. All advertisements from strnt-rrnrs, as well a
ell ord -rs for job-work, must bo accompanied with
the cash, or a reference lo some responsible noil
cnnvetiitnt nr.quai nlance.
(iovcrnor Hoggs.
Fellow- Citizens of the Senate,
and House of Representatives:
It r. fibrils nie much pleasure lo congratulate you
upon the happy prospects under which you have
assembled; el though a portion of our citizens have
in some measuie labored under icinpo.iiry emhar.
rassiuenls nnd in some portions of the State duiing
lost year from the failure of their crops, yet through
the interposition of an ovciruling Providence the
tabors of the husbandman during the present sea.
Foil, hove been crowned with unusual success.
Our mechanics find piofiiable employment, and
nil classes of our citizens are enjoying that degree
of happiness which flows from peace, heal 1 li and
general abundance. Our unceasng and devout
gratMU'io is due to a kind and be.Ocfieienl Provi.
detiee for his manifold blessings and for his super,
intending care and protection.
I regret to inform you that since your last se?
sioti the harmony of our relations with a neigh
boiiiij fjoverninent Ins been disturbed so serious.
)y as to induce a resort to military interference.
in puisitance of the provision of a law p.issed
nt yonr last session, the Sheriff of Clark County
proceeded to tolled the revenue from a certain
distiict of couuny attached lo that cornty.
Jn the peaceable exercise of his official duties
und.'r die laws of this Stale, he was met by the
th.enis and opposition of some c.f the inhabitants
of th? dis'.rlct of land immed ately adjacent to 0111
?'oiiiu rn line, and ho was warned 10 desist fro.n
ihe luitheT prosecution of his duties under n pen
nlty consequent upon n violation of the laws of
Iowa to which it whs 'pretended this district of
riuht belonged. Information bavin" been nt the
s ur.e time communicated to ihe Governor of
the Tci.iiory of lawn, he thereupon issued a Pro
..cl.uin.tion, denying the title of this Siato lo the
re( upniicy end dominion of that portion of its
rightful domain, cUiiinn? the same for the Terri.
toiy aforesaid, authorising the arrest and trial li
fore the judicial tribunals of Iowa of all persons
who shall within the said district attempt to exer
cise any official function not granted nor secured
by the laws of the Territory, and calling upon all
the citizens of Iowa to be vig lam in the detection
and arrest of all such nlled-tcd nft'enders. To th'S
it was replied by the Executive: of Missouri, that
the jurisdiction which was claimed by ihe Territo
ry was unwarranted, that the exercise of the duties
by the officers of Clark County was in coiiioriiii
ty not only to the laws of Missouri enacted after
a dilurent examination of us title, and with a lull
i.nowicdge of the Territorial authorities, but was
in perfect accordance with ihe constitutional and
0 ii d limits of the State. Instructions were also
issued to the civil officers of the counties adjoin
in; our Northern boundary to proceed in the dis
charge of their duties, and in cose of any intenup
lion by peisons claiming not to be citizens of this
State and denying its jurisdiction, that they call to
the-r aid the power ol tbeir county and act 111
other respects in accordance with the laws of this
Siate in relation to riots and unlawful assemblies.
While such instructions wero g:vcii, the officers
of this State were also expressly cautioned and
directed so lo execute their respective functions
aslo c reate no unnecessary excitement and to use
tiieir utmost efforts, consistently with law, to sup
press any needles collision, to maintain an ami
cable feeling with the citizens of lliis State and of
the Territory of Iowa and in all respects to con
form strictly and literally to the laws of this
While proceeding under these directions, and
in the pcnceablo exercise 0! Ins i"al lunctions,
tho Sheriff of the County of Clark was resisted
and prepaiaiions were made for his arrest, he
however retreated and called upon the militia for
Information of these proceedings were conveyed
to the Executive ol this state by ihe Alaior Un
t-ral of that division, who was directed to furnish 11
sufficient force to the Sheriff of Claik comity to
enable him to proceed in the discharge of his du
tics, and to take into custody any peison or per
sons found within the limits of this State in open
resistance lo its laws. Under ihe influence of n
strong desire that the rights of our State should be
maintained, firmly, yet mildly, the comnmidi!i
officer of the division was authorized to cull to
Lis r.id, if necessary, assistance from other li vis
ions, while he v,;.6 at the same lime directed 10
use ihe utt est caution lo prevent miy unnecessmy
to!! siori with the authorities or ciliusns of Iowa,
and unly in case ihe laws of tho Stile, were re.
t-Vcd by an armed force too strong lo bo overcome
by ihe onlinary powers conferred upon the civil
ers; to resist force by force and cnuso the laws
1 ii- faithfully executed and the integiity of oji
territory maintained.
In ihe menu lime the Sheriff of Clark County
i,-:d been seized by on armed force carried inlo
the Teriitmy of Iowa and there held in imprison-nn-,.1
by iis legally constituted authorities while
ciiLigt'd pcntcahlu in collvctimt the revenue in
the ihsiricl of country thus brought into dispute.
UusVr litis state uf things a series of resolutions
were mlonted bv the Territorial council of Iowa
requesting the Executive of this Sialo 10 authorize
11 suspension ol Implies on uiep.iriui .ii'ssuun uu
til the first day of July last, wilh 0 v't-w of hav
im; ihe difii' iiliv ndiusled by Ibe notion of Con
grcss. A copy of the said resolutions were also
sVnt by the Council 10 the County Court of Chnk
County and adopted by lint body. An order was
then issued from that court to the general oliicer
Jircdinif him to disband Ihe forces under Ins 1:0.11
mini wiih which order he complied. When lin-
resolutions Were nrcsented to me for approval I
immediati 'y express d my unqualified dissent. I
could not for one instant recognize as obligatory
the tssu i.d ground that Congress could by any
Vol. 1.
.means interfere wilh or aller the consltutional
limits of this Slate. While I expressed my se
rious regret ihnt the kindred interests of the ciu.
zens of this Slate and Iowa, were of necessity
about to be discovered; that I had no authority to
suspend ihe execution of any law; which power
had been wisely conferred upon a different depart
ment of our government, that I felt myself con.
sltnined to order that no suspension of tho civil
and military functions under tho laws of this State
bo allowed within its rightful limits, ond called
upon oil the officers of lliis Stale civil and niiliia.
ry that they should use all legal moans in their
power lo prevent any violation of law or exercise
I foreign jurisdiction within our limits, and that
ihey exercise lo ihe full extent their respective
duties in conformity with the laws of this Stale.
Since the date of that proclamation I om pleased
lo inform you, that no further disturbance has oc.
cm red on our northern line, which has called for
the intcifercnce of the authority of the Executive
or ihe military force of ihe Sta'.o.
As the histoiy of the dispute and the mode of
esiiintioii of 0111 northern boundary vere com-
muniiated 10 ihe last session of the legislature I
eeni it unnecessary lo enler into any detail of the
facts connected therewith. If the legislature should
however consider it necessary, I beg leave to refer
them (o my last message and the aoeompinyirig
documents, 10 show that ihe boundaiy line which
we claim as the termination or our temtory on
the noith, is in strict conformity with ihe ceded
and constitution limits of this Stoic, that it can
not in any nuiiner be construed to trench in: ihe
imils of the I errilory ol Iowa, that 1 Is desi gun.
lion was made with a just and open comparison
of the rights of the territory and after a full n. tl
fair nonce or the time when the survey would be
instituted by the authorities of this State, and after
a formal invitation 10 tho general government to
participate in ihe proceeding. I cannot here how
ever pause in the history of ihis whole proceeding
without expressing to you the surprise which I leel
that ihis State should never have been furnished
with a copy or plat of the lino which was after
wards made by a commissioner appointed by the
United Slates, and which Tortus the foundation of
the claim of Iowa to the territory in dispute.
Ihe increasing importance and population ol
the Territory of Iowa will doubtless very shortly
he made tho ground of an application for its ad
mission into the Union as a sovereign and inda-
icndeiit State, und il.e governor of that territory
has biought lbs subject to thu attention of their
eg'slativo body. Ihe consent of Congress can-
ot and ouht not long lo be withheld, whenever
the territory shall prove itself entitled to lake nn
equal rank among the Slates of our confedency,
and in this point ol view it becomes extremely 1111
portaut that this question should be definitely set-
tied. Jt would be lar better that the question o!
boundary should be settled by Congress upon the
admission of Iowa into the Union, than that it
should be left unadjusted, and remain a ground of
immediate controversy so soon as Iowa should as
su lie the authority and rank of a sovereign
In ratifying the comtiiution which the people of
that territory may submit lor approval, me Con
fess ol the Lotted Stales should be urged 10 re-
gard the integrity of our domain, and so to limit
ivcrmnent ol the new states os not to nitrate
ii foreign jurisdiction upon our soil. To tit's end
I would susuot b;e propriety ol a remonstrance
no the pait of the legislature of lliis State agoinst
the exercise ol any power or right ol inierlercnce
oil the pan of Congress to limit the extent of our
boundary and also agamst the ad.uisi on ol Iowa
into the Union except upon a full and perfect re
gard lor the integrity ol our territory and Hie right
ful extent of our constitutional domain. I feel
no hesitation in believing that such a declaration
of our rich's, and of the teasons 011 which wo base
them, will effectually remove the doubt, if any
exists- as to the justice of our litle, and will post-
pone the ratification of the boundary line ol Iowa
10 the proper ami linol nujustmcn ot our own.
In ihe mean tune 1 w 1I1J also su-jet 1:1 it tne
title of this State ho maintained to the fullest ex
tent to the ground claimed hy Iowa, and which wns
at your lat sassion dcclnrcd a part of the Slate of
Miss'Hiril y an net founded upon the examination
and report of skilful surveyors. Independent of
the mutual relations of protection and support ex-i-ting
between this government and itscjiizens r".
iiiinr in the territory ilnii brought iuM dispute,
ihisStnte sh"uM n't recede except up :n the strang
est evidence of error Iroin the po-mon 111 winch it
has been placed by a clear examination of its rights,
hy the plain letter of it constitution and voice of
its IcgisIiiMirr declared after un exhibition of the
most satisfactory testimony.
The snlcmlid edifice which has been prepared fir
vo'.r reception cu.nni:inds theattentioii und admira
tion nf every beholder, not n stranger visits our
eut of government, cither from the east or fro.n
the we-t. from the north or from the south, bin
who-u attention is forcibly arreted ay its gram)
ami in ignifieent exterior, by the justness nf its pro
liortioiis, the convenience of its in'ernal arrami '
incuts, ihe durability of the maieriul, the benutifcl
and chaste style of its nrehiiectnre and the verv
complete and superior workmanship of the whole
structure. Placed i pi n the scmniit of a promoii.
t'iry that commands a mo. t extended view of our
noble river, the Capitol of Miss-uiri stands unri
valled in the West, a proud monument of the taste
mil liberality of it citizens. Tne ar.rhi'ec. w an
designed tin building und superintended its con-
sanction und the ueiitlemn who t.mbfully r.X"-
ed the work deserve that credit whieli an cn-
htciied cnimmiiiity will ever accord to merit, siiill
and industry It will require an additional cpnr )
uriation to fullv completJ the buiidiug and enclose
the grounds. The Commissioners will in duo time
submit tbeir report showing among other things
the amount already expended and the contracts ex-
tmsaiid now in progress tor the completion ot
the work, to which permit me to refer you. I can-
nut clo-o this subject without urging upon you the
necessity nf providing fur the appointment of some
sober and discreet person as a guard, whose duty it
should be at all tunes to keep a strict wateli over
the building to prevent injury to the same, either
from accident or neg leuce. Th small cxpee
attending this matter can well be justified by the
nrent value ot the building ana ihe sutely 01 the
inihlic archives.
Since your last session the Universityof thisS:ato
has been loroted, and the neecssaiy buildings are
now in a rapid state of progress. Under the pro-
visions of 11 law passed by lie ' 1st fieneral Asscin
hiv the. town of Columbia, in the county of Jiaone
.ins se'ected as the permanent site of this i sti u
iou, tbn public spirit that induced in citizen to
'lid o liberally for the privilege of its erection
viihin 1 lie borders of their county, forms the
strongest assurance that there its welfare will be
aarefully consulted, and its interests warmly cher
ished. It baa long been a natter of reproach to our State,
that, with the liiierul donation of Congress, and lbs
accumulated fund for the support nf seminary of
learning, no provision wa ovir i.i?.uc 1 ir tie
education among ourselves, of our youth in the
higher branches of scienre, and that for the proper
acquisition of this knowlcdire. onrci'.izens were in
debted to foreign institutions. It forms a subject
of congratulation that this reproach tan no longer
rest upon us, butenn be me' by the fact that our
ene-gies have licen excited in the cause of advanced
education, and that our zeal in ils behalf has been
manifested by our deterimination to concentrate
intelligence among us. It is a strong evidence of
the improved condition and increasing importance
of pair Slate, that we have bad the honor to rear
ihe first institution of this character on this side of
the mighty fit her of waters.
In cunserpicnce of its recent organization and the
incomplete condition of the buildings, tho Univer
sity has not as yet gone into operation. It is be
lieved that, during the next year it will be open for
the admission of pupils, (treat inconvenience has
been experienced in cimseipience of the frequent
absence of manv of tho curators, at important
meo'irig of tbeir board, which his been partly oc
casioned by tho distance of their residences from
the site of the institution. I would recommend to
the legislature tho selection of such gentlemen as
curators, who reside so near to the University as
to roi.der their attendance at the annual or ap
pointed meeting of the hoard a matter of little per
sonal inconvenience; very little good can result
from the choice nf such gcn'lcmcn as curators
whose resiliences are so remote from ths Univer
sity ns to cause their absence from every meeting
of the board. sufficient numb'T of gentlemen
can be found in the county of Boone ond in the
c -unties immediately adjacent, whose interest in
the cause will prompt and w hose vicinity to the in
slilutiun will ensure their ccrtuln atundance.
''ho curators I would suggest should not be re
I oreil to serve witbc it an ad :c. ntc condensation.
On J r the present svstr.m which allows no remu
neration to t'icse ofiiccrs, they are expected to ab-sr-nt
themselves frcin their homes and pursuits,
and at some pecuniary loe-, to bestow their time
and care on tho nfiuirs nnd interests of a public in
stitution. This should not be tha duty which the
law imposes on them is dc'tente and highly import
ant. 'Ihe future and entire interests of an insti
tution, which the istate should cherish with the
ame fondness as its independence, depend entirely
for good or ill, on the enlightened nnd proper
course of ib.ise who nr" chosen to conduct it. l?
not right that gentlemen whose zral for the
aii'O of science, and whose attainments have in
duced their selection as curators by the legislature,
should in addition to the tax of a journey and on
absence from borne incur at the sum time a pecu
niary sacrifice. I would suggest to you the pro
priety of rendering tho e officers of the State, some
compensation for their services, even though that
compensation should not be extended beyond their
xnenses incurred.
The Secrulury of State will in due time commit
nica'e to the General Assembly the report of ihe
Hoard of Curators which by law is required lobe
deposited in his office, to which I refer you and re
commend to your attention the suggestions therein
I am gratified in being enabled to inform yon or
Ihe immense accession to the population and wealth
of our State "incethe hist census An unexampled
emigration from oor sister Suites and from Europe
has found its was iv.ro our b irders, ond has served
to people to a very great degree the vast and hith
erto unoccupied expanses of our fertile territory.
The blessings which this increase of our pnpubitiun
has pnid'i?"d have not b"C 1 confined ahog 'toer to
any particular section of our S ate Im. hive ex
tended in soma degree to every portion of it. To
this matter which forms n subject of cordial con
gratulation, your earliest attention is directed. It
is an act of justice thai this increase of population
s.iould ho
en'itb-d to all the privileges lhat have t
been heretofore accorded to oM"r emigrants, an
which th" constitution warrants thm in deuiandi";
at your hands. It will bo sc-e.i from the returns
submitted to you that very sen ublj alterations
h-ue occurred in the proportionate p ipil a'ioo of
the r!i:V. renf. sections of the Statu since, tha last
sen-us. A number of Counties havn --lo.vly ad
vanced in Ibis respect, whilst many others have pro
gressed with a rapidity hitherto unexampled. The
c-mstitu'ion of our State in anticipa'ion of the im
mense increase of our population lias very properly
made it the basis of representation ; nnd lias wisely
rendered it incumbent on tiiu Ueneral Assembly
t"nce in every four years to rectify the unavoidable
inequalities of the system. On you then gentle
men of the General Assembly, devolves this duty
and as the Constitution has very plainly denned
your duties or. tiiis behalf, it leaves me nothing to
recommend except the correction of the present
inequalities and the diifusion of justice to those in
terested. Imimatidv connected with this subject is the for
mation of new counties, which I cannot too earn
estly recommend lo your speedy and serious atten
lion, dependent parly on the same ciuses licit have
produced such striking inequalities in the represcn
lion, this tn it'cr for similar reason appeals to von
for correction. It is unnecessary for mi to enu
merate tire many and great inconvenien"es which
the citizens of newly settled countries labor under
for the want, of municipal privileges, tho mo-t of
you are well acquainted with iheui:
As the civ.Viituiion of onr S'ute has li nited the
number of Representatives and Senators and at the
same tbis r.as allowed i-tic Representative lo each
ci"-'.iiy. it wilt become necessary in fixing the ratio
of representation so as to incruase it as to provule
means for the organization of such new counties
.. j .. ...... ... . it s. ..,, to 11 il.Mii-iii'ie.l lie I lie llll-
. i i;,;., ,..! i,.,,.s-.n ,,.oii,it;.o, nf
!,.. ,1 ,1 I feel tnv.eif i 11st i tie.fi 11 recommend-
i this subject as one of your earliest duties.
' " . , . , ., 1
The snperintenlant of co-.ntnon .scuools w.,1 I
presumn ,.. due tune s,,!im,t to l ,h leo.slainre a re- ,,v..iri.,) , , s , hv posi-ivo en
port showing me condition of lhat department and ,.,., l ,i. :,ore of this State, and it is
will donbl'.ess M.est sucu anie.idnients or altera- r,.,,,,,,.,;,;,, t,.u individuals i the e ecliotl of
tions of the present law us bis experience 1 .may j should compelled to so wrrX
have f iiind uec-ssarv. I,, connection with l.us si-c- jt n, (J 0Mr,., u ivipi.i,m.
,oct and as an auxiliary movement in etr.w.itii.- fio ,e m l)t ,., 0,2 River it ,.,s .,.,.
.-rM oojoct of p.osecut.ne, succe slully our sys-eui rdiiv improve.!, so as f
ot emm.-n s-l,ools, l wouiu V'" "'" s
svhiebbava a.-.sei, trom the sain ol tho sixteenth
scct.ons ana w-uat may nereimnr ari.-i in ... ...u
same source s'-ail bo collected and invested separ-
ately 1.1 the stock of our State li ink f.r to eb. oil
of the inlmbitnutsot eacn rcspecl.vo con-rciona .
townsbin agreeabiy to tho ainount b-diuiein,' to such
tou-nsliiu ll.e unnnor in wn.ch tlico lunds are
now loaned subject them to severe los,; 1,1 many
counties they uro 111 the bauds of but few individ-
uals and lh mass of the peop.o derive 1.0 benert
fro 11 them ; were Ihey concentrated the sum won d
be large and the tnv.is'm-.nt in bank stock . wo .!.,
eas" mode of distributing ll.e proceed,, u .iong
.,..iv muaisliiiis. Tbn whole uuiount of this
C....1 ... s;,. :.,.,;.,., ,i , i...,...,n ibre..
and four hundred thousand dollars; this added to
that portion of the common school fund already in
loud 11, mu ........3 ... rsn.i.uii-M h. " .ss .-
vc.tcd in back slock together with all monies which
may hereafter urise. fioin the unsold lands, would
soon amount lo s sum sulficiently largu to rouble
tho legislature to prosecute the systu.11 successfully;
in their present divided stato litlle good can be ef
fected. I would recumniend the whole subject to
your carue.t consideration. Tho act of , tho last
session, providing tor tne organization, suppon.
and government of common schools, appears to be
som.ivvhat complicated in its provisions j ii might
perhaps bd simplified and condensed in such a
manner a to enable it to be more easily under
stood. -As an argument in fvor of investments in
bank oyor nny other mode, you will dise-'vrr from
It HAY, XOrisflni.K 8S, 1810.
JJJfJ?gj?-L'''-MJ'u nm ;.jubi .
the Auditor
a report that onwards of one Lmilrril
and twenty. five thousand dollars has been added
to the original amount of tho fund accruing from
bank dividends.
In :e;riiaM''e of an act of tho last General Aa
en.i:!y n pi ribm of the Saline reservations belong
ing lo tie; State have been disposed of at fair prices
nul 'he nmount invested in bank stock for the bene
fit of the, Suite school fund agreeably to law.
You will discover from the report of the Auditor
that the dividends accruing to the various funds
have all been re-invested a provided by law in the
sv.,-1: uf the State bank, except the dividends c
creing (in i! r- State stock which have been applied
bv Ihe Iran!; in the pa) merit of the interest on our
Sti'c i otiijs, vith Ihe exception nf the sum invented
lor the ;,en,-!".i of the sinking fund.
Tim n.i.-mb'i-r.t to the charter of liio bmk re
quire 1 he Treii-cn r to subscribe nn the part of the
State, for tho rc-iduo of all tha stuck except what
portion might have been taken by individuals
this provision conflicted w ith other laws requiring
the re-inve-tnif nt of the dividends of the various
funds in said slock It being impossible to comply
with both, i". was thought best that the Treasurer
should subscribe fur only one million of the stock
for the use of the Slate, leaving the residue subject
to investments of accru ng dividend It wjuld
he well to amend the charter in this particular nnd
suffer the residue of the stock to remain open sub
ject to investmcnt-i of tl.i character.
'I he report 1 (" ih" condition of the bank nnd i's
branches will be in due lime laid before you by the
committee arcolr.'.' ! t. e xamine its affairs, to which
I her !ave lo re'er VoO.
I have greit s :: tion ill pointing rut to you
'he high nod hon ir.ih! ; conduct ot th" R:nl' of
.Missouri in continuing to redeem all ie r obliga
tions with specie and resisting the second suspen
sion of the hanks which beginning in Philadelphia
in the fail of ll'.V.), so rapidly spread over tho south
and west. To this contagious example tho Bank
nf Missouri proved to be a barrier and an exception
and in so doing ha not only gained honorable dis
tinction, but has shown how easy it is for the
Brinks of any State to resist these suspensions,
and lints enable each State to preserve the standard
of value, and inainliiin the sanctilv of contracts
within her limits. Kor is the benefit of this con-ibic-
of the Kink of Mi-sonri been limited to hon
or and instruction. It ha been ben'ticial to the
iu!erl of the whole Stale as is exemplified in the
preservation nf specie among us, in the vast in
crease of business and population, nnd in the fair
prices which are paid f,,r labor, produce and prop
erty. It i probable that the State of .Missouri is
more rapidly increasing in the elements nf wealth
and strength than nny State in the Union, and lhat
the ci'y nf St. Louis is the most flourishing.
To this honorable conduct of the Hank of Mis
souri in fulfilling with punctuality all her engage
ments to individuuK-, may aUo be tddud equal
praise fur fulfilling her obligations to Ihe federal
government. It i" known that this Built has been
for years tho 1'ncalagent of the United S ate, nnd
in that capacity has been (intrusted wi.h tbn collec
tion, safe-keeping and di-lmrment of imtnen-e
s;un;: all which has been paid out a ordered by
the government, and I f'el 111, thorite I in saying
thr-t tho h'toinc b-' t.vcer. ti.e bank und the federal
treasury is now closing ui, and that every dollar
due to it will be punctually paid as called for.
This honorable conduct on tne yirt of the bank
has given i; character and credr, and qnaii;i"d it
to become u-eo.l to the Stale, provided it is freed
from the :n!:er operations uf niiccntitutioni!
hanking by nnau'herizcd institutions within our
limits. Ail that I have said in relation to the
bank applie uho to the branches and is intended lo
include them .
I have been advised tl-.at all the surveys and ex-
a-nira' ions directed to be made by tug act of the
last legi-liture. have been completed with the. ex
ception oi" alu it t'.'r'v milej of the Merrinv-T ri
ver nr,Hrcst i's ii :-.' i 1 uhere the levels and sound
ings only reinai 1 to be 111 ken.
The survey lor a ruii road from 5i. I.ouis to the
Iron .Mountain resu'ted in the attainment rf a
route passing very centrally "through the Mineral
Region," as prea'riti'd by the legislature. The
very broken and irregular country over which this
iu'proveim nt is compelled to pass, will mal;.? i's
construction so very expensive as to attorn 11 tie
res son to expect any pecuniary remuneration to
the Sate for capital it mijht invest in tins en
terprise. The pxumini.tioii of ihe ..'errimec river has
shown that that, stream cannot be impruved, so as
to admit of navigation without resort to a connect
ed series of locks and dams which would be expen
sive in their construction, and which from the
grent fall in the stream, would be so frequent a
to ren.br the navigation uf little value bv reason of
the del-.)' and expense they would occasion; and
connected with the extremely Tortuous cour-e of
the river, would effectually preclude the use of
steam on its waters. An independent canal, w ilh
it levels so adjusted as to afford the greatest man
ufacturing facilites, appears to be the best and in
deed tne only proper kind of improvement for the
valley of this stream ; but from the rugged nature
of its banks, the cost of such a work will be too
great to alb'rd any prospect if sufficient remuner
ation tolheStntc, loinduci it at tbi.- line to engage
in tbn enterprise.
Tlieioiprovemenlof Salt River can be effected by
a, connected scries nf locks and dams, hill at. 1 10
heavy an expense (compared with the bene!;'..- to
be derived from tiie improvement) to justify the
undertaking the estimate is about four hundred
thousand dollars. In connection with this subject
it is tiropPrto call attention to the fact that dam
I've been and others nre being constructed by in
dividual across this stream will out any provlsio!
for the pissnt-eiil hna'.s. Kiver has been re-
.,,,',.. tfe,m bv the ,.llerll ov
Lfford 0 certuin ntivijj Him. for boats of an bundf-d.
mrl)P ,.,;,,, tt;i times of ordinary full wa-'
( f ;! mi,e4. yia co-t of ibis improvemt-ul
1.slllale,1 , eX0P,(, if 0Iy g. m,W0.
N h (Jra,,d Kiver, it is ascertained can be
m i(Jij n(ll.iirBblo fur btt!lim boats of light drao-ht
.. (o xUo frksB uislBce f ,ixv
(iiiie inj nt (iH ,liinil.,!ri cxpense (if ah Hit
tlii.ti-n a dollars. From tho forks, to a
,,- ,,e we,Ui.rk oppositn tiallati.i in Davi-
mi),., u lijsllil.H ,-, 0. nli,BS , re is ,
jmlii u watnM lll, alt(MI1,,t ,0 t.e na
1.,iru,u,- lhe river navigable.
t I. ions appearubat 2.11 miles of steam boat . na -
1 iitutlou ot Ibe usa.re, ana M.x.y
nine el uram.
1 lliver, lll lllillsliil all I!
uiilc-, can be elected by
- 1 - ,-..,., .....I . ...... ,l-..n roll
"i" rxp.mst . ui.oo. 0,000. . o. . ... .. ..
pared, with tl.? extent and unporiaince t m n-
proveuients, ullogetber iiicoiiniderable, did 'ho finan
cial con'nlitioii uf our Stain at ll.e pro-eel lime
justify the expenditure; tins l.o i ever will ce lor
the legislature lo determine Ti.e amount np-
nrnnr'nitod nt llio Inst wossiotl f,.f till! piirpOSO l.f
conducting tho rnconnoisances nnd surveys nf the
several uroiecU alluded to, ha been expended will.
rbu exeei.tiiui uf a small amount r-'muiiiitiL in Ibe
bands of the commissioners. Tim loan was ob
lained froiulho liankof the Slaieof Missouri, upon
the terms nf the act ef Assembly, and the bonds, v
the Kiale have been isMii d for the amount.
A geologicul examination has been roado of the
vai'o of th'; Oiijc, be bith rrr.b '.. b!i Snfur-
matioii lias been obtained, ns to the character of the j
ml. and the formation nnd arrangement of the
..l. 'Ci. :. . ..r j. r ...i i .
iv. 1 in- t.A,-,i,..ivc 01 ueimsiies or coai. and a
very general diffusion of ore of lead and iron has
been olo ascertained wilh certainty.
A (criionnl map of iheir'tnte fuitbfully copied from
the surveys ninde by the ircnrral government, is in the
course nf coiitiriiction, which when completed, will
not enly he nf ureal value 10 cverv citizen, but will alse
nlioul In the legislature in its leuinlntien upon roai.1,
and in'ptcvi menu, nnd in its nrrantrenii nt ol cuuntii s
ibe mean nf correct nnd definite information.
1 feel i my duty to call j our attention to the rnurc
pursued bv various Iniirance. Coinnanies in the citv
of .-'t. 1,'iuir., thai have bcioi chartered b Ibe 1-j'sla- 1
lure. 11 1 nm correct v informed (ol which 1 enter-
1.1111 no unuiii whatever,) tlicv have been rnniged in 1
every rumilicaiion of the svstem of banking w itn t!ie 1 and he bus parualiv s accr-eded' in tfT-ciino- ihat
exception ol issuini a circulating medium. Although lol.p ct. ' "
the power to is-uc a circulating "medium of their own Apici-inn was made bv him , nrtv in the Inst veor
for which they could be held responsible has not been 'otiie clerk ol tne coimv court of even coun'v in' toe
granted to theai, still they n.rcst tiie privilege ol , Stale, fur a list of all the civil coun'v officers sine- the
cii-ciilniing ihe notes nl f.,ri ign bonks to as lull an ex organization of tin ir c.oo.iie... mid 111 verv minv in
tent as it Ihey were the legally established agencies , stances u comnhani c witl, i!lC regies: w Vm ido with
of these institutions, thus flooding the country wi'-ii ; a ncrrv and ehi c.fulness ; from oiher clerks however
an irredeemable currency lor the liquidation of which . no information w hae vi r on this subject Ins been rc
Ihcy are in no wise responsible, to the 2reat pi ril of coved, and ii is a tuatitr of deep re-ret tha' th- civil
the innocent holders ol (Ins paper, and in opposition j histcrv ol the c.nmtrv, which can "be ga-'iered in a
to the interests of the only cons'itntionnl corporation j erca- measure onlv from the coumv records, ehou'd
which can exercise banking privilege! within our lin- , thus be interrupted. It is not a matter nf curious en
us and in which the public lunds are so larjtly inves- riiry to acer-.in 'he different officers that have n-gn-lc-t
, ... , :'i!-d nnd conducted ibn afl'.iirsof each cnuntv in the
Under our constitution there con be. but nrc tan- s Slnri. f ,:,n,l,;.-,n, ,ul jt ir,(pien:lv becomes
king con pnny nnd its branches eatatdisned in tins nec ssarv 10 obtain aiuhenticned .-vidence' from our
.State, to be in operation at the same tune, ond the ! s,a,e drpartoient of tb "tllcial eharjeter of former
tine must own at lenst a moiety 01 tne capital stocK.
The legislature in chartering the vnrious Insurance
(.oiiiptimcs sedulously avoided t-.tending to then
bunking privileges. Notwithstanding this precau
tion en the part ol the legislature these companies
have been carrying on en extensive system of bank
ing contrary in my opinion 10 the true intent nnd
sp.rit of their ehar'ers Should tho legislature in grui
111 g those ensriers hove overlooked or RUlR-rcd provi-
sicis to creep into thetn undercolor ot which they j
bo granted , nnd in Mljtion cl I lie true intent ana
meaning ot ihe constitution , then it beceii-s y.aur
duty lo remedy the evil as speedily 03 possible. To
ihiseudl would recommend ihe nppuintin'oit nf a
committee, clothed w ith uuthotiiy to make a ihorouab
examination whether the letterol the coiistitu'ion ami
the i-pirit of tiieir charters has been ihus violated.
Tin; naiiil er ol new couniies wlucii will probablv
he i.rjan;?.-Mi during your present session will in all I
promt Mlnv rend, r it necessary to cstaUiisu ao auoi
liunal indicial tircuil in the southern and sotith-wes
tern part ot tiie ftiate. 1 im juiiges 01 ino.-e iwii c.r- ,
cum have, to travel over o extensive a territory ni l' j
ihey h ,vc bat liitlc tune to devote to the exai.nnation j
ol authorities hearing upon the cases belore tio-m-
Tin ir compensation too is very inadequate and n
Would teen
o on.- i. ,.cu, .j C.......V. .........
CO:r lie Ittol lo
lithe sill'-1 pittance Hoy receive.
ll tu
th' '
in,' tiieir travelling expenses; this eubj.-ct
c t- c-miiiieii(i:d to your favorable conside
1 f t! mvs,'f again e:Ie,I u. ion by a sense i-f i.i
coiisii.titionai uiiiv, und u conviciioii oi' 1:3 ndvanta
U'miiis polic. to rej.-iii.-io nd a concentration a: the
ser:t of eoveriicient , ,i il -r.icreir.e Court. It is ot
the utmost iiiiportiiu- . to the ceinmuni'y that 'lie de
ciiouns ot Ibis iribiiua'i iroai v. inch therv is no aiip'-al
should he eiilielilcih-.d and speedily dili'ii.-; J. i'ln?
subject u 1.3 fi u j . sled 10 the General Aseni!il.- in
niv la-t mi. .-a.'-.- and a la- was pissed pr.iv.cf j- t" ..'
tiie publication ot the 1. .".-l;-ioriS m one ne.,v.. ..r.i - in
each jiidieial uisir.ct . '1 he decutotis h , ver u.vb-r
this law ere eiteula-ed in a shape no pcri.-h aolc uad t 1
ait , xteu1. 5 1 lii'ii'vi a to render the r, in f but part. 1!
It has lenj been a ni.i'.t-r of complaint that the pit.,
lieaiio.i ami u: Jtritiution ol the deuiiious of this trie 1
nal are dela ed so loic t!i it tt is nearly a yearn:':. r
'he rcn'liii.-n of e -i'. -u beiore 'ite pioi-'ip'.-.s 'h't
'tiias c.-i-i : -J 1 ii ,rt.- ei .1 :atl known. Tiris is tec -
sorilv a'ten ied wi'it e;-a-, inconvenience, txc. s-iv
exptn'e and detav ot jus'ir- to tiie parties iuteres I
In auditi'.u I'J tiiis the .itcsi ins now e,rrecily si
e.'t" r tlicv may be c ipied truin the ni.'ivs.ii;i.-r.-, arc
not sc.i.iiiited to.- c.i.-i-i ciiiiii to ihe stipe rinti-u-leiioe ol
a-:v e uiipeteut p. r- .i, iind are isiutd Iro-iiiy and
w i-huut t'ie uecc 5.s;i;-y uiicuii 1:1 wlii .-li sh a!-. be n...
-' ni'tj up.-n ailjueil-itions so ixuortant . In c anse
q n nee, t';c 1 . 1 . 1 1 1 1 '. ii. . - 1 of i :e la-v is no', and
v oitiot in ti:i-i w-y Lo- luliy coi'pb ti.d. Hy a c -nccn-ir
itiun oi' ihe com, tins evil widbe corrected us I-u
as 11 is p 1 ,s:bie, Tbi.- copy ot the decisiuiii rail be
pr pared under t!ie i. trnediine control and supervision
oi i'..e li. parur woo to. .'d 110: else bestow laat atteii--i.jti
sn.l care on the various nioacsol pubUcaii ei t:-
lUnd bv tne
iture winch their inipartai.ee -le- ,
mands. t 1 ill. prison and its affairs ;o whi.-:i pvran; me to reitr
1 have cited th'.ias an aodi.ional reason to t.ios: j V1,u
meniiontd in my last message, 'o which I reler vo 1 . ' ,sj,nc v,-,Jr tJst session, the cup'o i ant d.toc t'-ien
w bv tl.e court should be coneetitra cd. 1 trust tint . bet rrcen'a portion of toe ci'is-. ' ..nr .tiire and tb
you may tied tins .abject presenting itself to you in Mormons huve entirely subsided, w.ih trie exeeotio.i
ibeFu-in- iiht in w.uca 1 regard it, and that you may 1 ot- 4.,:Ile sli-b.t interr-i'itioiis 011 our no.-ih-.' is-eru' b.r
I iii ilk with me that a law rendering this tr.bunal s;a ; dcr. Al't-r that iiifataato and d -lud' i s.ct hud left
tiouary will be productive ol increased desp ncu 1:1 our St itc, thev iiiilustroiusiv pr-viajued 1 hro-i r', m,
its busiii..ss, a more rapid and correct d Ifusioa of us j ,IC . m0l ib'e mast i x i d d ti.uls cl our'rti.ii
oeinions und as alllirdoi moie time and greater op- j cu,lt. oii ij, jnlcs- cstiumnic against 01- eitsj jii-.
portuiiiiies to its judges lor tiie proper and ihorougn 1 s.ene of our eastern cities, m.t mar-os of tn.t
preparation of their decisions., ! cre.,1 were ei.iploved d.ilv in makm, c eivicts to
Some oi the lirst volumes i the decis.oiis of the tMiT C4US Py pro'claiming'ttie cruelties wai.h I'.ey
cupreine cguii e.c u-o....u ... ...v ...... ..6. .........
ot ill.- sitate Hi. use, and Ibe 11111 ued nuuH'ei ui coin.
orieiiially published have become nearly out ol print
ll is a verv rare tiling 10 uuu -.uvui exeepi 11. u.c u
bruries ol the older lawvers ol ilu-
tate, and as imnj
ol the deeisons wlucii they coiium, uie made upon
sta'.ti'is A bich 01 0 no'V in operation, 11 is imp iriaui
thbunul'uie as much the Uw 01 tiie land as the enact- , vfrs,jn-
11, ems of the legis.nture, and their preservation is as ai jmrine 0 in -itions, particular! v when miu
inueh necessary 10 make and mainiain compute the , w;:ll j,.;,, ,ru,, ,, rrc.jue inly ha viens lint
civil hn'or ol our country. , , 1 c is. s o .-cur ol "pec. eiar naniship and unasiial distress.
The demand which exists for these boo,.s is not ; lnJ wilPi, Vll,uc svmpathv is excitnl in th- ir behalf,
now Bull'icient to justily their private reprint, and ua- j ljl0se ulm,;J.,b:c couse'ueticej ot c.v-4 dissension
U the legislature will order 11 10 be ootie, it may mlv easilv oe msitiificl ui'o l-irbanus croWtv tnat
happen Iroui the lapse ol tune and trom accident, thai .,lch ca,,,'s arose 111 the cmrse of that d I'i -oU'v, I do
ii may bedillicult 10 procure a copy even tor ill- pur- no, j.,ht. i,.t ihev mus. h-? attrihotcd t- th. exci
pose of publication. I wou.d recjnii.iaiid to tne leg. ,eJ na.urc uf t,e coiitest between t iepirtois and not
iture tne propriety 01 oroeriug uie uui.ieu.a.e pan-
licaiion of the Ist.-Jd. and 3d. voia ues ol tins b-
winch can nrobablv be done much more cheaply
the original work, by giving lo the publisher, alter
supplv 1 ng lhe rcOjiiietto nuinuer 10 the tjta'e, the ex
clusive privilege ol multiplying the publication.
1 will call your attention 10 uie sunjeel of an in
crease to the S!uie l-ibrary i nearly ail the looks that
now compose it are copies oi executive docuinn.s
from Congress and the laws 01' tho different titat-s ol
the Union. The scientific, legal and iniscelianoojs
leparlim-uu are txceedingly imperlcct ami us .lie)
1. a. . ........ 1 n n r 1 . t nrrt in n no It! n' e.il lectloi
foim tho most lmportaui tclure 111 a public collection 1 1n ilJ j, ,;, i:(, cUl;Ve to interpose and
of book, it it-important thai to.' delect til our Male exerui!ll. t 'le ,,wers w.t.i w.nch h: was invested, U
'ibri.y should be .einedied. V cry lew additions Uavv . ,le).t Iuc ;,vr, a:,. pr .periv 01 our Citizens, to rc--l
eni nude 10 the Inn. led aa j mixed number, ol vo- , l )lnor.jt.r ond traui.iailuv to tiie otiniry niatutiiin
.. ..... ilia- w ere iireserved limn the conllnitrat ion 01 1 ,1,,, . ,.,..., .,.. , i,.....
lhe -.Lite House, und excepting me laws and puu.ica-
tioi.s ol Congress, and ol our sister otau-s, the l.i 'ra-
ry can scureJly be said 10 have received any acuci-
sions si. ite that event. ,
The appropriation made at the last Session 01 your
tiody for this purpose was too small to atfjrd any very
greal beneni lowaros uie uujvci .01 n.io. . 1,
tended, and a c nisiderab.c p.i.iion of it r-.n-uns un
e.vptn.Jed ill order that it maybe add d 10 sacn
sum ns you may il em i' advisable, al your present
session to appropriate. .-. spacious auu e
ois been reserved in .he in. c 00' l fur fie Library,
which will be completed loan 'icf -rs tile session nl I
the next Icgislntuie.aml t e re i v mr ine recepuoi, o,
a large number of books. This room has been pur-
poaely ma b; convrmt-ni lo llie 11 ills 01 legislation, . .
otdorlh..! sj'-cdy access might be bad to s ich vol
umes, its the members ot tho Oenoral Aese.uui) may
desiru to consult. .... 1
The iniporunc o! a valuable p i'mc Horary 11 i" .
nn st uui.i.cessary tor me to pres. 01 w uui s
it to vuitr co'Hi l
.... i, u i, s.i 11. et on vv uie ii 1 ne 1 e i 1.0 uw..
o l,..iieii. i,il .fleets arc felt not 0 i'v in me extended
OS n.ii-miii .w .s - - -
opportunity of reading and the B. -km! diJasmu ol
important i.ifor nation, but is a'.s -' -n m Lie enlight
ened notion ol ibose whohavs been s.iectej t.ae jou
10 pcilorm ihe orduous and dclicaie duty ol providing
for the public the wisest and most whole" code
ol Uvvs. To Ihe legis.ator and expounds 01 the
laws of lhe land, 11 is 01 tne uunosi nnpoi...s .....
evirv convenience should be extended in the itivesti
nation nnd nudv of ibe policy and suecess of lor.nej
fcgislntioii, and in lha ditfarenl co.is'.ruet.ooi waich
similar easctinen'a hava variously rscaivod
Ia-Jepata-"' m of thr eossidvrition iSa s ro'-lte Li-
j Hraiy i th must strikim mnnuoicn' of national taste,
ij th depository nf itiais t'nf render e nnl safe
I the pnth of the Irj'-datorV, ihm rniurn the perfect nt.
j 'oin-ntnt nf the intention of tho law-fiver hy th
I lr:ht which i' ahidi nnihe rjsenrches ofthKlnw e
! P "'nn'-r, nnd that enrvp to direct tho action of ilinn
i i" hom imntd ihe adminintretion nfthe pnhliu
' "" '""j'-ci 1 cnnnoi mo carnesily rccom
innnH in I'm..; '
A Jiff rt.lii.
Iii ihe prrfer.t advanced tmc ot science and lite
raturo cf jr. of vnliialeoand undnrd works are mul
uplnd m an extent lar ptcatur thin is nccessirv to
c.pp.y 'be c.ernnnd. In consequence ihe editions of
,ni"'.v works, which v c re formerly nro and rxceed-
''""' ,c"!l c oe pai' aasi-u now at a rate that ren-
their aeqaifcition a matter of ev and cenenl
utlainine n'. A larie and valuable library can no'.T
be collected for a sain comparative'.- smallj and it t.
leeted v.-idi judgement, will require verv slight nnu
al dci.tions.
e e.si'v of rrsi.irins? as far ns n.nsihln. t'n
records of the State, lhat were consumed in the con
tinuation of ihe S'u'.i. Itou?? is a subject that should
ur ,-e itself up-m vouj attention. It was an unpleas
ant pan of my d 1 v at the lust fe.nion to inform von
of Uns rutasirnpfe end of the fao that the loss of
books and papers in the ohi 0 of the Secretary of
M uc wns pcrte, tly Uist'co. Kvcry effort has been
made bv tnui oliietr
vp.nr a fir us possible, from
rent counties, the loss which
I'm rrr.ir.1, ui 1,... ,lnT
the tin ic nrc iiv s sn-t:ni,e.l l.v c 1 , r. .-,!!,......:.
nmcnon ines. W here tins evidence is rot riled or
pres. rvtu in that d partm-ou. it e c.e-.-.e? iinoossihla
lhat the evidence tan be leja'iv obtained, aoj it may
happen tiiat great individual or public losa m ty bt
susiainod by tl-..; inatiilry of the proper omcr of it.ite
tigran' tiie ni-cesarv ccrtihica'e . "fo rera-idlv this
evil I would recommend ibat the clerks of the county
courts in thisSiate be required to furnish the nece-a-rv
intor uati an to the .socretarv of 5ite, and that nro-
vision bv law be made lor their compensation ond that
ttiose cV rks '.vuo have nlrea'lv responded to the re-
que-", i-f the Sccreuiy be included in the act of com-
I'msaii n.
1 lie loan lor toe payment o' lac rruutia in Lie ?er.
vice';f ihe .Suite a nuthoriz-'d by the act ot tin last
(f"neral A-setnblv. was npg )c'ated bv the l-lv-tcu: ivo
'vitlt the Hank ol the State of Missiuri and the bonds
of the sure amounting to .00,0)1 1, wore deposited
cull r end
vrti me oanK. 1 no lianii nowever ow i"g to the oe
in of '.tie inoneiarv concern-of the cour.-
try was una'.ile to furnish onlv our: Inl f ttie am 'int.
(a ih .- in'erc-31. J ui; np irt ol the ravtnas'er '-en-
, which accomnauie. ,i,ls cJm.otit.ici-: i will
,-.,rm v , wt,a, ,an.icr th it sum has been .hs'iiits-d.
-i-i,,. ,!,, ot- th0 ., , ainau itin . to IDt.OjOless
,lie interest. It is lot in rn v p n-er to inform von
hcnit can be obtoineil. Yo'u wiii oerceive howiver
,rnm t ne report 01 :ue 1 a,nus'er uener.11 mat tile
J whole sum will not be required, as the aggregate a
1 mount iiot-s not exceed one honored an I seventy tn-j
' thou-aiid d-iiiuis, t'ic biitijs of the .State for the'ovcr
' oliis can theretucc be cancelled . It ;s h-iped thai the
I pr j.--n.ct of the p sumption of specie payments by the
e i-crn banks will ' nablc the Bank of the Slats of
i ;m uri l-' supply the resi due of the loin wlrcli may
hi- n-c.i -,1 :j 1 -eplete the pavuicn-.s e.arlv in the eri
1 sain.- 1 oar." Ti'i:.i :e! ' militit is sboul
: fw.o-'l.
1 Ian r.riocd in being able ta ir.f-.rin v-i-i 'hit a v
ry co. i- iii rah? a.!Jitic! nn l en :'j 'he q oo-.a of
i I'ms vh'.-h tins St: is entitled to fro-ai th g-.ner.il
j-e . rr.-n.t:,t. The an.i-iai n io-a allowed to 'lie si'it
1 ocretot ire hi.- been '-scv.i-y nms'iets." Ja the last
i ear Ir.en t':c i ncr-.-i.-o 01 tiie erfective militia ivi.ich
m i- have 'e-cii -ih e to r-'c.trt to the War L'partm-m at
Vashiuton, it 11 as been 1 nlar.-.l to jO rnuskets.
f-'r-i n t'te jri at inc.-1.? ot -or pip t'ation we m iv
: Ii-n-ty c i r 1! ite th i- ttia i;u 1: 1 fir the succeed
1 ic. year wi 1 he gr ally augmented.
I'tn: S- it" , r.s -.i -..li.ch j leasod at yr.irhst s?ss
1 1:1 to 'lie .-a mlctp.en wild now hive cliir" ; of it seems
t 1 be in a p-ospc.-ous c i:idi'i-.-i, n-.ucli i npriv. i.1e,t
! has heon mu le '-1 the est ibUs'.i.nent since vo:;r last
i meetiiic besides ihe cxunsion of th wall,' an adj
1 r 1 1 ri .1 1 i.i ;ck ol cells, a brick wor'i-sli 'p, and a lara
ccn're builoi;:.- have b-..n er-.T'cd. To compLfe t",-?
cl in of tli- establish. ner., it will rc-jiure another
: a L'ck o' cel..-, ui-ic'. w,.i Le nc.-i.-d IilI j.-.i tii r.i-j---
iu;e of -ii-.- -.e.'.- liene-il Asse ubty . as number uf
1 -.-onvicts now cotjthtcd is nearly t-'i inl to the w ba.a
tia-ii ter ot ceils,
i The pr. s-ent nu'.de of farming o-'t tho c-'ubiishtnent
-.v;.i a'ler 11 is couiplvted neeoi-.e a s eirce ul r. ven1;
1 the State. Tin couvicis nr.: ..veil fed and clothed.
arid 1 uni lac v trea ted . in- k. cae-s !,n.l t;...
,JM w.ll in du; tone report to von tne condition of
, all,.ti n,cv nll euoareu 1.1 tan natnts 01 ar aititur-
nies. ll.e r-part ot war a'h.ti.-d ba-ou-itiei has nat
been cauiiue J 10 na L' i.on, butcvi.a at tb:-day in H i
r.nt I he v nre lo.iile t!i- irelo.! iv.irs nl' or. ...' v 1 i u t
and tin ir oM'.ors iind it to their i nte-cst to ihsm' t toe
t tae's into a p..t3eciiiioii, w hich in everv rehuious ex
I cuenie.it loat has marked tiie history of t :- earth, has
always he.ol fou.id tile :ilo-.t e li-'Ct: Vu K'pja .n ol con-
, tJ ,I)V ds.re on ti.e part ol our cons-uuted authori-
: i.es to wiiiLl v or crueiiv nppresj th.'
I'iiese people had vtolau d the i;..v;-of t'ie li-:id bv
! op mi and avoA-ed resist nice t' them, thev b id ua.lcr
i taken wi'ho-it thu a-d of civ, I a itho.lty to icdiess
j their real or fanct.-u gnevances i;n-y hs I ius'iiuie l
anions ihe.. .selves a government of t'leir own, in'.'e
: pendent ot and i.a opposition 10 tiie g iverntneot of
j tlx ib. sriaie they had at on incle.iieni scasan ol the
vear, driven tin- iuhabitan'- of an entire county fr m
their homes, ravaged lhe. r cr.yt and des'rjycj their
Ve'o.ve lo'oar repu-.aiiou, bo b a; home and abroad,
,;(. il)tv te.iusiiig ev-i v usp.us'on lhat mac ren
, lt Our isiut..-i-uara.-i. r s'a mid be held e'l'taiiy
rts dear as our individual r.-putn'iou soi we should use
1 .)t! (B,llB ,.4v. .i,.,,, , miin'sining lhe one as spotless
ttS ,lc 01ler. j--uli lestiiuonv as lo ell llie necesssrs
Ueis 01 unit controversy 11 is oeen pre: -vea or can
easi v oe or .cured . v 1 itieu evi jence op n-e:i sines
has been tiled am ng the papers of your last st-sv.e.r
and torins a pir. also of tl.e reo.td ol several cl our
courts. Tne Iuc s as they oc irred, can be presented
j 10 .ua woiij u3n proof perieetly c u. -li.s.ve, and lha
repulsion ot our oiate can dj rasuaeu iro;u reproscn
by hn exnisilion of the true ciojjs and events of
those diiticuluc.
In r' C lminendini the ruiVioa'ion of ihis testimony
1 hive no cire a io.it us effect upon the principles of
eonst.tuu.i has ifdven us the hitth P ii-
i les-e ol ret', .i.tu independence, an J leil toe w j-s-rp of
j-lo uie unlettered will of every uie.ntser
- . ,., ,,,lv. it ime the creed ol thai sect will
ul'imai. Iv in... up... it Utse it will "die ani usi us vvor.
sbippers" I o exn'ain me aiinuoe which mvi
been made 1) sssumr , I woa'd leco-nmend lhe publi
cation 01 all Ibe t-iidei.ee ret ninf to tne Us-currenca
aud aiirib,iiui j the same to toe chief auibornios of,
each M ite.
I be - leave to c ill yo-f a'.isntioo to certain portioas
of the law. regulating g tural etccacos in oar i-is
which 1 Ihi.ik require corree..-.,. , ;"3,
ihi lhai poraoii of lhe lew w.nch roquiras Mis sU.r
itf oatve one moulhs notice previous to saob spec al
el.cuoo, should be r.usaiadi tb ina'ter woulj lusr:
p, lift tr. ths sj.se r 11 -a r.f me Fxseonvs. The .ri

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