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Boon's Lick times. (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, May 18, 1844, Image 1

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Editors and- Proprietors.
Foblisrieil ntnty Saturday, at $3 In advsnee, or
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but at (be option of the editor until all arrearages
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nd of the year) of wish to discontinue will be
considered a new engagement.
One dollar per square, of twelve lines or less for
the first insertion, and fifty cents a square for
each subsequent insertion.
, Where tbe insertion of an advertisement is or
dered, without the number of insertions being spe
cified, it will be Inserted, (at lb discretion of the
proprietors) nnttl forbid, and charged for accord
All advertisements from strangers, as well as
all orders for job-work, must be accompanied with
the cash, or a reference to some responsible and
convenient, acquaintance.
From this N. Y. Evening Post of the 27th ult.
April 22, 1844.
Read the first and second times, referred to the
Committee on Foreign Relations, end ordered
to be printed in confidence for the use of the
. Senate
THE Twelfth or Arttt, 1844.
The people of Texas having, at the time of
adopting their Constitution, expressed, by an
almost unanimous vote, their desire to be incor
porated into the Union of the United States,
and being still desirous of the same with equal
unanimity, in order to provide more effectually
for ihair security and prosperity; and the United
States, actuated aolely by the desire to add to
their own security and prosperity, and to meet
th wishes of tha Government and people of
Texas, have determined to accomplish, by treaty,
objects so important to their mutual and perma
nent welfare.
For that purpose, the President of the United
States baa given full powers to John C. Calhoun,
Secretary of State of the United States, and the
President of tha Republic of Texas has ap
pointed, with like powers, Isaac Van Zindt and
J. Pinckney Henderson, citizens of the said Re
public, and the said Plenipotentiaries, after ex
changing their full powers, have agreed on and
concluded the following articles:
Ait. 1. The Republic of Texas, acting in
conformity with the wishes oi the people ana
every department of its Government, cedes to
the United States all its territory, to be held by
them, in full property and sovereignty, and to be
annexed to the said United States as one of their
Territories, subject to the same constitutional
provision with their other Territories. This ces
sion includes all public lots and squares, vacant
lands, mines, minerals, salt lakes and springs.
public edifices, fortifications, barracks, ports and
harbors, navy and navy yards, docks, magazines,
arms, armaments and accoutrements, archives
aod public documents, public funds, debts, taxes
and dues unpaid at the time of the exchange of
tbe ratifications of this treaty.
Aet. 2. The citizens of Texas shall be in.
corporated into the Union of the United States,
Vol. S.
IVo. IO.
maintained and protected in the free enjoyment
of their liberty and property, and admitted, as
soon as may be consistent with the principles of
the Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment ot an
the rights, priviligea and immunities of citizens
of the United States.
Art. 3. All titles and claims to real estate,
which are valid under the laws of Texas, shall
be held to be so by the United States; and
measures shall be adopted for the speedy adjudi.
cation of all unsettled claims to land, and patents
shall be granted to those found to be valid.
Aet. 4. The public lands hereby ceded shall
be subject to the laws regulating the public
lands in the other Territories of the United
States, as far as they may be applicable; sub
ject, however, to such alterations and changes as
Congress may from time to time think proper to
make. It is understood between the parties, that,
if in consequence of the mode in which lands
have been surveyed in Texas, or from previous
grants or locations, the sixteenth section cannot
be applied for the purpose of education, Con
gress shall make equal provision by grant of land
elsewheie. And it is also further understood,
that, hereafter, the books, papers and documents
of the General Land Office of Texas, shall be
deposited and kept at such place in Texas as the
Congress of the United Stales shall direct.
Aet. 5. The United States assume and
agree to pay the public debt and liabilities of
Texas, however created, for which the faith or
credit of her Government may be bound at the
time of the exchange of the ratifications of this
treaty; which debts and liabilities are estimated
not to exceed in the whole, ten millions of dol
lars, to be ascertained and paid in the ra anner
hereinafter stated.
The payment of the sum of three hundred and
fifty thousand dollars shall be made at the Trea
aury of the United States, within ninety days
after the exchange of the ratifications of this
treaty, as follows: Two hundred and fifty thou
sand dollar! to Frederick Dawson, of Baltimore,
or his executors, on the delivery of that amount
of ten per cent, bonds of Texas; one hundred
thousand dollars, if so much be required, in the
redemption of the exchequer bills which may be
in circulation at the time of the exchange of the
ratifications of this treaty. For the payment of
tha remainder of the debts and liabilities of
Texas, which, together with the amount already
specified, shall not exceed ten millions of dol
lars, the public lands herein ceded, and the nett
revenue from the same, are hereby pledged.
Aet. 6. In order to ascertain the full amount
of the dobta and liabilities herein assumed, and
the leealilv and validity thereof, four comnns.
nioncrs shall be appointed by the President of
tha United States, by and with the advice and
the Senate, who shall meet ot Wash
ington, Texas, within the period of six months
'ir iha exchange of tho raiiucations ot tnis
treaty, and ms continue in session not exceed
ing twelve months, unless the Congress of the
I Tnhi.il Kintra should nrolone tho time. They
thai! take an oath tor tha faithful discharge of
ihcir duties, and tbnt they are not directly or indi
rectly intesestrd in said claims at the time, and
will not be during their continuance in office;
and (he said oolh shall be recorded wiih their
proceedings. lo case of the death, sickness, or
resignation of any of the commissioners, his or
their place or places may be supplied by the ap
pointment as tfureiaid,. or by the IVaiJent of
the United States, during ths recess of the Sen. '
ate. They, or a majority of them, shall be au
thorized, under such regulations as the Congress
of the United Stoles may prescribe, to hear,
examine, and decide on all questions touching
the legality and validity of said claims, and shall,
when a claim is allowed, issue a certificate to the
claimant, stating tha amount, distinguishing
principal from interest. The certificates so issued
shall be numbered, nnd entry made of the num.
ber, the name of the person to whom issued, and
the amount, in a book to be kept for that purpose.
They shall transmit the records of their proceed
ings and the book in which the certificates are
entered, with the vouchers and documents pro.
duced before them, relative to the claims allowed
or rejected, to the Treasury Department of the
United States, to be deposited therein; and the
Secretary of the Treasury shall, as soon as prac
ticable after the receipt of the same, ascertain the
aggregate amount of the debts and liabilities
allowed; and if the same, when added to the
amount to be paid to Frederick Dawson and the
sum which may be paid in the redemption of the
exchequer bills, shall not exceed the estimated
sum of ten millions, he shall, on the presentation
of a certificate of the commissioners, issue, at
the option of the holder, a new certificate for the
amount, distinguishing principal from interest,
and payable to him or order, out of the nett pro
cceds of the public lands hereby ceded, or stock
of the United States, for the amount allowed,
including principal and interest, and bearing an
interest of three per cent, per annum from the
data thereof; which atock, in addition to being
made payable out of the nett proceeds of the
public lands hereby ceded, shall also be receiva.
ble in payment for thessme. In case the amount
of the debts and liabilities allowed, with the sums
aforesaid to be paid to Frederick Dawson, and
which may be paid in tha redemption of the
exchequer bills, shall exceed the said sum of ten
millions of dollars, the said Secretary, before
issuing a new certificate, or stock, as the case
may be, shall make in each case such proportion
able and rateable reduction on its amount as to
reduce the aggregate to the said sum of ten mil
lions of dollars, and he shall have power to make
all needful rules and regulations necessary to
carry into effect the powers hereby vested in
Abt. 7. Until further provision shall be
made, the laws of Texas, as now existing, shall
remain in force, and all executive and judicial
officers of Texas, except the President, Vice
President, and heads of departments, shall retain
their office, with all power and authoiily apper
taining thereto, and the courts of justice shall re
main in all respects as now established and organ
ized. Aet. 8, Immediately after the exchange of
the ratifications of this treaty, the President of
the United States, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, shall appoint a commis
sioner, who shall proceed to Texas and receive
the transfer of the territory thereof, and all the
archives and public property, and other things
herein conveyed, in the name of the United
States. He shall exercise all executive authority
in said territory necessary to the proper execu
tion of the laws, until otherwise provided.
Art. 9. The present treaty shall be ratified
by the contracting parties, and the ratifications
exchanged at the city of Washington, in six
months from the date hereof, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we, tho undersigned,
plenipotentiaries of the United Slates of America
and of the Republic of Texas, have signed, by
virtue of our powers, the present treaty ofannex
ation, and have hereunto affixed our seals re
spectively. Done at Washington, the twelfth day April,
eighteen hundred and forty-four.
J. C. CALHOUN, Seal.
To the Senate of the United Slates:
I transmit herewith, for your approval
and ratification, a treaty, which 1 have
caused to be negotiated between the Uni
ted States and Texas, whereby the latter,
on the conditions therein set forth, lia3
transferred and conveyed all its right of
separate and independent sovereignty and
jurisdiction to the United States. In taking
so important a step, 1 have been influenced
by what appeared to me to be the most
controlling considerations of public policy
and the general good; and in having ac
complished it, should it meet with your
approval, the government will have sue
ceeded in reclaiming a territory which
formerly constituted a portion, as it is con
fidently believed, of its domain, under the
treaty of cession of 1803, by I ranee, to the
United Slates.
The country thus proposed to be an
nexed has been settled principally by per
sons from the United Slates, who emigra
ted on the invitation of both Spain and
Mexico, and who carried with them into
the wilderness which they have partially
re-claimed, the laws, customs, and political
and domestic institutions of their native
land, lhey are deeply indoctrinated in
all the principles of civil liberty, and will
bring along with them, in the actot re-asso
ciation. devotion to our Union, and a tu rn
and inflexible 'resolution to assist in main
taining tha public liberty unimpaired a
consideration which, as it appears to me,
is to be regarded as one of no small mo
ment. The country, itself, thus obtained
is of incalculable value in an agricultural
and commercial point of view.
To a soil of Inexhaustible fertility
unites a genial and healthy climate, and is
destined, at a day not distant, to mnke
large contributions to the commerce of the
world. Its territory is separated from the
United States, in part, by an imaginary
line, and by the river Sabine, for a distance
of 310 miles: and its productions are live
same with those of mnny of the contiguous
States of the Union. Such is the country
such are its inhabitants, and such its capac
iiica to add to the general wealth of the
Union. As to tho latter, it may be safely
asserted, that in tho magnitude of its pro
ductions, it will equal in a short time, under
tlm protecting caro of this Government,
if it docs not surpass the combined produc
tion of many States of the Confederacy.
A new and powertul impulse will thus be
given to the navigating interest of the
country, which will be chiefly engrossed by
our fellow citizens of the Eastern and Mid
dle States, who have already attained a
remarkable degree of prosperity by the
partial monopoly they have enjoyed of the
carrying trade of the Union, particularly
the coastwise trade, which this new acqui
sition is destined in time, and that not dist
ant, to swell to a magnitude which cannot
easily be computed; while the addition
made, to the boundaries of the home market,
thus secured to their mining, manufacturing,
and mechanical skill and industry, will be
of a character, the most commanding and
Such are some of the many advantages
which will accrue to the Eastern and Mid
dle States by the ratification of the treaty
advantages, the extent of which it is im
possible to estimate with accuracy or prop
erly to appreciate. Texas being adapted
to the culture of cotton, sugar and rice, and
devoting most of her energies to the rais
ing of these productions, will open an ex
tensive market to the Western States, in
the important articles of beef, pork, horses,
mules, &c, as well as its breadstuffs. At
the same time, the Southern and South
western States will find, in the fact of an
nexation, protection and security to their
peace and tranquility, as well against all
domestic as foreign efforts to disturb them;
thus consecrating anew the Union of the
States, and holding out the promise of its
perpetual (Juration.
Thus, at the same time that the tide of
public prosperity is greatly swollen, an
appeal, of what appears lo tho Executive
to be of an imposing, if not of a resistless
character, is made to the interest of every
portion of the country. Agriculture, which
would have a new and extensive market
opened for its produce; commerce, whose
ships would be freighted with the rich pro
ductions of an extensive and fertile re
gion; and the mechanical arts, in all their
various ramifications, would seem to unite
in one universal demand for the ratification
of the treaty.
But important as these considerations
may appear, they are to be regarded as but
secondary to others. Texas, for reasons
deemed sufficient by herself, threw off her
dependence on Mexico, as far back as 1830,
and consummated her independence by the
battle of San Jacinto, in the same year;
since which period, Mexico has attempted
no serious invasion of her territory; but
the contest has assumed features of a mere
border war, characterized by acts revolting
to humanity. In the year 1836 Texas
adopted her constitution, under which she
has existed as asovereign power ever since,
having been recognized as such by many ol
me principal powers ot the world, ana
contemporaneously with its adoption by a
solemn vote ot her people, embracing all
tier population but ninelv-tliree persons, de
clared her anxious desire to be admitted
into association with the United States, as
portion ot their territory. 1 his vote,
thus solemnly taken, has never been re
versed: and now by the action of her con
stiiuted authorities, sustained as it is by
popular sentiment, she reaffirms her desire
lor annexation. This course has been
adopted by her, without the employment of
any sinister measures on the part of this
government. No intrigue has been set on
foot to accomplish it. Texas herself wills
it, and the Executive of the United States,
concurring with her, has seen no sufficient
reason to avoid the consummation of an act
esteemed to be so desirable by both. It
cannot be denied, that Texas is greatly de
pressed in her energies by her long pro.
traded war with Mexico. Under these
circumstances, it is but natural that she
should seek for safety and repose under the
protection of somo stronger power; and it
is ennallv so that her Dermic should turn to
i. . . ..'.-
the United Mates, the land ot their birth,
in the first instance, in the pursuit of such
protection. She has often before made
known her wishes; but her advances have,
to this time, been repelled. The Executive
of the U. S. sees no longer any cause for
pursuing such a course. The hazard of
now defeating her wishes may be of the
most fatal tendency. It might lead, and
most probably would, to such an entire
alienation ot sentiment and feeling as
would inevitably induce her to look
where for aid, and force her either to enter
into dangereus alliances with other nations
who, looking with more wisdom to their in
terests, would, it is fairly to be presumed
readily adopt such expedients; or she
would hold out the proffer of discrimina
ting duties in trade and commerce, in order
to secure necessary assistance. V hatever
step she might adopt, looking to this object
would prove disastrous, in the highest de
gree, to the interests of the whole Union
To say nothing of the impolicy of our per
milting tho carrying trade and home mar
ket of such a country to pass out of our
hands into those of a commercial rival, the
Government, in the first place, would bo
cartain to suffer most disastrously in its re
venue by the introduction of a system of
smuggling, upon an extensive scale, which
an army of custom house officers could not
prevent, and which would operate to affect
injuriously tho interests of oil the industrial
classes of this country. Hence would
arise constant collisions between tho inhab
itants of the two countries which would
evermore endanger their peace. A large
increase of the military force of the Uni
ted States would inevitably fjllow, thus de
volving upon tho people new and extraordi
nary burdens, in order not only to protect
them fi""in the danger of daily collision
with Texas herself, but to guard their bor
der inhabitants against hostile inroads, so
easily excited on the part of the numerous
and warlike tribes of Indians dwelling in
their neighborhood. Texas would un
doubtedly be unable, for many years to
come, if at any time, to resist, unaided nnd
alone, the military power of the the Uni
ted Slates; but it is not extravagant to sup
pose that nations reaping a rich harvest
from her trade, secured to them by advan
tageous treaties, would be induced to take
part with her in any conflict with us, from
the strongest considerations of public poli
cy. Such a state of things might subject
to devastation the territory of contiguous
States, and would cost the country, in a
single campaign, more treasure, thrice told
over, than is stipulated to be paid and re
imbursed by the treaty now proposed for
ratification. I will not permit myself to
dwell on this view of the subject. Conse
quences of a fatal character to the peace of
the Union itself might be dwelt upon.
They will not, however, fail to occur to the
mind of the Senate and of the country.
Nor do I indulge in any vague conjectures
of the future. The documents now trans
mitted along with the treaty, lead to the
conclusion, as inevitable, that if the boon
now tendered be rejected, Texas will seek
for the friendship of others.
In contemplating such a contingency, it
cannot be overlooked that the United
States are already almost surprised by the
possessions of European powers. The
Canadas, New Brunswick and Nova Sco
tia, the islands in the American seas, with
Texas, trammelled by treaties of alliance,
or of a commercial character, differing in
policy from that of the United Stale?,
would complete the circle. Texas volun
tary steps forth, upon the terms of perfect
honor and good faith to all nations, to nk
to bo annexed to the Union. As an inde
pendent sovereignty, her right to this is un
questionable, in doing so. she gives no
cause of umbrage to any other power; her
that although foreign governments might
disavow all design to disturb the relations
which exist under the Constitution between
these States, yet that one, the most power
ful amongst them, had not failed to declare
its marked and decided hostility to the
chief features in those relations, and its
purpose, on all suitable occasions, to urge
upon Mexico the adoption of such a course
in negotiating with Texas as to produce tin;
obliteration of that feature from her do
mestic policy, as one of the conditions of
her recognition, by Mexico, as an independ
ent State. The Executive was also aware
of the fact, that formidable associations of
persons, the subjects of foreign powers, ex
isted who were directing their utmost ef
forts to the accomplishment of this object.
To these conclusions it was inevitably brought by
the documents now submitted to the senate. I
repeat, the Executive saw Texas in a state of al
most hopeless exhaustion, nnd the question was
narrowed down to the simple proposition, wheth
er the United States should accept the boon of
onnfxation on fair liberal terms, or, by refuses
lo do so, force Texas to seek a refuge in the firms
of some other power, cither through a treaty of
alliance, offensive and defensive, or the adoption
of some orhir expedient, which might virtually
make her tributary to such power, and depend, r.l
upon it for all future time. Thts Executive has
full reason to believe that such would have been
ihe result, without its interposition, and that s jc h
will be the result, in the event cither of ur.neces.
S3ry delay in the ratification, or of the r j;c;ion
of the proposed treaty.
In full view, then, of the highest public duty,
and as a measure of security again?! evils incal
culably great, the Executive his entered into the
negotiation, th3 fruits of which are r.ov; submitted
to the Senate-. Independent of the urs.-nt re a
sons which existed fur the step it l.tis taken, il
might safely invoke the fct, which it confident
ly believes, that there exhts i.o civilized govern
ment on ear:h, having a voluntary tender u.oJ ; it
of a domain so rich and fertile, so rrpkts with
all that con add tu national greatness and wealth,
and so necessary to its peace and safety, thai
would reject the off-r. IS'ur are other powers
Mexico inclusive, likely in any degree to b- in
other sections are moving cn masse for Clay
and the Constitution: the free trade party
who wish to inundate the country with
British goods, drain it of its specie and
ruin the industry of our country, will meet
with but little encouragement from the
patriotic freemen of Prnirio township.
We declare to the world that we are
not only in favor of a Tariff for revenue
purposes, but also for protection to Ameri
can labor and against the pauper labor of
Europe; In support t,f this position wo
have the example of Washington. Jefferson,
Madison, Monroe and Jackson; the Ia3t of
whom has raid:
"Providence has filled vur mountains and our
'plains with Minerals; Lead, Iron and Copper;
'and given us a soil and climate veil adapted to
'the growth of hemp and wool; these being the
'great materials of our national defence, tliey
'OUGHT TO HAVE tXlindcd tO them ADEQUATE and
labokehs riiay be placed in a fair competition
'with those of Europe. It is time we s'iouldbe
'cornea Utile more A u eeicasized, and instead
'ofjtedinglhcpniptrs and Laborers oj Europe,
yetd our own, or else in a snort time by contxnu
'ing our present p-Ahy rue shall be rendered
paupers ourselves. Ji is therefore my opinion
'that a careful end Judicicns Tariff is much
'wanted to pay the national dell, and afford vs
'the vieans cf that drfeme wi:hin ourselves, on
'tfhkh the sajfty of our country depend! ; and
'last though not least to give a proper distribu
tion to our labor."
In the faca of all tt i str.hcrity is it not
strance to find in th United States a free
trade parly? Mr. Van Buren says he is
'opposed In tfte Tariff 'in principle and in
detail." Mr. Clay is emphat'e illy called
the father of the American system. We
deny being in favor of a high protective
tariff, or in other worth a tariff 'if prohi
bition, but wc are in ftvor of a Judicious
tariff fr revenue ar.J protection to Amcr
icsn L! or.
We are oppn--?d to a sf-.r.rrr.g army of
20,000 men in t',nv of f race, which was
recommended by Mr. Van Buren. We
are opp'i?d to frc n"gro right of S'ifTragT
w'nicli Mr. Van Bui en wa in favor of,
thereby g'.vins the Afrif-.n i ri.-ht to s'v;
from the poles tin old s-ildicr who ha
fought and b'e 1 in his cout.trj's Tiiise; wi
are a!sj opposed to r,,3grf;es tfs'iiVini in
courts against fie-" white citizens, as in tho
c-a-e cf Lift. i.
people desire it, and there is no slavish ijuriously alLcted ly the ratification of the irevy
Irnnufnr nf hpr ff.ovprpirrr t v nr.rl trid(nnrr!
ence. che has lor eight years niatjitaincd
her independence against all efforts to sub
due her. She has been recognized as inde
pendent by many the most prominent of the
family of nations, and that recognition, so
far as they are concerned, places her in a
position, without giving any just umbrage
to them, .to surrender her sovereignty at
her own will and pleasure. The United
States actuated evermore by a spirit of jus
tice, has desired, by the stipulations ot the
treaty, to render justice to all. They have
made provision for the payment of the
public debt of Texas. We look to her
ample and fertile domain as the certain
means of accomplishing this; but tins is a I
matter between the United States and lex- I
as, and with which other governments have-;
nothing to do. Our right to receive the!
rich grant tendered by Texas is perfect; j
and this government should not, having due
respect either to its own honor or us own
interests, permit its course of policy to be
interrupted by the interference of ether
powers, even it such intciicrenco was
threatened. The question is one purely
American. ' In the acquisition, while we
abstain most carefully from all that could
interrupt the public peace, we claim the
right to exercise a due regard to our own.
This government cannot consistently with
its honor, permit any such interference.
With equal, if not greater propriety, might
not the United States demand of other
governments to surrender their numerous
and valuable acquisitions made in time
past, at numberless places on the surface of
fc, , ....ywy live
tneir power and enlarged their resources.
The prosperity ijf Texas wl
in jr to alt; in the increase ol the sene
1 be eoita.y interest-
ba se-
We are
sul'-'.rctis :r
na:.c i
rpj r.-eJ t"
j! i a':d siiver
arul shin r.l
it is ndiiii'iie.-l by Gen
To Mexico, the Executive is disposed to
pursue a course conciliatory in its charac
ter, and at tho same time to render her the
most ample justice, by conventions and
stipulations not inconsistent with the rights
and dignity of the government. It is ac
tuated by no spirit of unjust aggrandise
ment, but looks only to its oyvn security.
It has mado known to Mexico, at several
periods, its extreme anxiety to witness the
termination of hostilities between that
country and Texas. Its wishes, however,
have been entirely disregarded. 1 1 has ever
been ready to urge an adjustment of the
dispute upon terms mutually advantageous
to both. It will bo ready at all times to
hear and discuss any claims Mexico may
think she has on the justice of the United
States, and to adjust any that may be
deemed to be so, on the most liberal terms.
There is no desire on the part of the Exec
utive to wound her pride, or affect injuri
ously her interest; but, at the same time, it
cannot compromit, by any delay in its ac
tion, the essential interests of the United
States. Mexico has no right to ask or ex
pect this of us wo deal rightfully with
Texas as an independent power. The war
which has been waged for eight years has
resulted only in the conviction, with all
others than herself, that Texas cannot be re
conquered. 1 cannot but repeat the opin
ion, expressed in my message at the open
ing of Congress, that it is time that it had
ceased. The Executive, while it could not
look upon its longer continuance without
the greatest uneasiness, has nevertheless,
for all past time, preserved a course of
strict neutrality. It could not be ignorant
of the fact of tho exhaustion which a war
of so long duration had produced least of
all was it ignorant of the anxiety of other
powers to induce Mexico to enter into
terms of reconciliation with Texus, which
affecting the domestic institutions of Texas,
would operate most injuriously upon the
United States, and might most seriously
threaten the existence of this happy Union.
Nor could it bo unacquainted with the fact
mcrce of the world, that prosperity wil
cured by annexation.
But one view of ihc stfbject remains to bs pre
sented. It g'ows out of the proposed er.hrre.
ment of our territory. From this, I a:n free to
confess, I see no danger. The federative system
is susceptible of the greatest exienr-ion compatible
with the ability of the representation of the most
distant state or territory to reach tha scat of gov
ernmentin time to participate in the functions of
legislation, and to make knewn tha wants of the
constituent body. Our confederated republic
consisted originally of thirteen members. It
now consists ef twice that number, while apph
cations aro before Congress to permit other addi
tions. This addition of new S:ai?s 1ms servd to
strengthen rather tnan weaken t;:e union. iU-v:
interests have sprung up, which rr ;u'.re the imi- j
led power ol all tl.rotigu ilia action ol tne co:ii
mon government, to protect and defend upon liie
high seas and in fore go parti. Eueh S ate com ,
mits, with perfect security, to that co uiv.on gov- j
ernment those great imerts growing out of our:
relations with other nations of the world, aid j
which pnnsllv involve the cood r.'f all the States.
mnnnmpnf We STC Well awarC th
But if there were any force in tho objection, it
would seem to require an immediate abandon,
ment of territorial possessions which lie in the
distance, and stretch to a (ar off sea, and yet no
one would be found, it is believed, ready to rec
ommend such an abandonment. Texas lies at
our very doors, and in our immediate vicinity.
Under every view which I have been able to
take of this subject, I think that the interests o!
our common constituents, tha people of all the
States, and a love of the Lnion, left the hxecu-
no other alternative lhan to negotiate the
treaty, the high and solemn duty o! ratifying
Mr. Vr-'i Etrs
v.i.ich is intended to
iymcr.ts to tin "ze.
ir rs f ir the people.
achsr n ar.J Mr.
oy of some kind
country, and wo
ir pcrvants above
of creating a na
ufi; the same kind
Van Citren that paper mo
wiil always exist in our
are oppose d to r-iiinz ou
ourselves, and in favor
tional bann, iha! nil mr
of rroiey rnd t.iat which is good.
And while we have surh iiitrh authority
for the Constitutionality nf a U. S. Bank,
as George Washington, tbe Father of his
Country. John Lmgd-in, John Dickcrson,
Robert M .'i ris, Richard Dissett, William
S. Jjhr.svn, George C.'ymore. Nicholas Gil
man, lloger Sherman, an l other?, all of
whom were members of the Convention
which framed the Constitution, and all
members r f Congress and voted fur tho
first U. U;in';. except Washington, who
was President, and approved of the Char
ter: we say whu.-t W'
as t.'i'.i, fir tha Const:
bieked bv tho repe
li.'ihest Court in th:
mont. ar.-l by the I'o
we fVar not the tau
,- i
hive su'th authority
it;- v.alitv of a Bank,
ifisi-'M? of the
ieati G vern
Ilfferent times,
ihc f: cc trade
t in clevatins Mr.
Clay to tho highest nliiee in the gift of the
1'eople, wc do not nitikc a United States
Bank; but wc place at the helm of affairs
a man from his weil known Democracy,
who will permit the sovereign People, at
their will an 1 pleasure to create such an
institution: whereas, Mr. Van Buren, with
h:s despotic notions, would prevent it with
out two-thirds of Ci ntzress. For theso
we spread our
or rejecting it, is wisely devolved on the senate
by the Constitution of the United Stales.
Wasuin-otos. April 22, 1S11.
banner to
glorious cause
Clay, wo
and other causes,
the breezo in the srood
of Harry of the West.
In giving our suppor
rid nurse-lies ot tne charge in ingratitude
which might otherwise be cast upon us, as
ho wa3 thu fjst friend of Missouri in liino
of need, and bid the troubled tempest
cease, and she was admitted into the Union
on an equal footing with ether sovereign
States of this great Republic.
Mr. Clay is the snme firm, unwavering
and undausi ed politician 'hat he was in
when Col. Bonton so strongly urged
his clcc'ion upon the Pc oj !c? of Missouri,
because his. Mr. Clay'.s "pulley constituted
u syifrri if Ar:i ric in Pulley b:ccd cn the
Agriculture unl Manufactures cf the
Coun'ra. uroa .'.-K'nior tu well :s foreign
cui;u;urcr, upon internal n-i ucllits seaboard
improvements; i t it is said t.i-it others icouta
pursue the same systtm (said Col. Benton.)
ue emsicer that the founder cf the system it
the natural Executor rf his own work; that
the most efficient protector nf American Iron,
Isad, Hemp, 1 Vital, and Cotton, would be the
triumphant champion cf the neic tariff; the
safest friend lo internal commerce teould be
the Statesman uho h'l.i proclaimed the Mis
sissippi tn be the sea of the JIV.t.'
Therefore, be it
lit soloed. That Henry Clay is our first,
second, nnd oi.lv choice for President of
liirso I'niled States, and ivrt hereby nlpdfri
land. ice 1 'residents; J. Joxrs, it 'CT.rJ'iv.- , , . : . . ,
, it ourselves to our Iriencs abroad to use a I
Secretary, and Joiix II akvuy, Lot iesponu-, . ,, . . . . .
' I honorable means to secure his election,
tng Secretary. i
Otunotion. ihe Chair npp.-mtcd John Resolved, That Marin Van Buren, l.y
Harvey, J. B. Bradford, S. T. Garner. stigmatizing the American People, as hay-
Wm. Green, nn,l Win. Thomson, a com- ving nocn "operated upon (at tne flection in
mitleo. to draft a Preamble and Resolutions IS-iO) by apph.nn (S front the use of uhirh
exnressivo of iho sense- of the meeting, anyf 'rirndtofrer iroeeriiMc nt must turn with
who, on their return, reported the follow- mortification and disgust," has proved him
self destitute ot Democracy, and shows
Pursuant to previous notice the Whigs
of Prairie township convened at Roanoke,
Howard county, on Saturday tho 4tli of
May, for the purpose of organizing a Clav
Capt. Joseph Bonnr!) was called to the
chair and J. Jones appointed Secretary.
The object of the meeting having been set
forth by the Chairman; on motion, the fol
lowing gentlemen were appointed a c :n
mittee for the purpose of preparing a con
stitution and by-laws for the government of
the Club, viz:
Messrs. John Harvey, lLnry White.
John Swcinam, Levi Murkland and S. A.
Morris; who, after a short absence re
turned and having made their report, tiie
same was submitted to the meeting and
unanimously adopted. v
The following gentlemen were then, in
obedience t the constitution, elected olli
cers of the Club, viz:
JOSEPH BONN ELL, Esq., President.
Capt. Bexj. Williams, end Lrvi Mark-
ice Presidents; J. Joxns, iCcorJuiv
Whereas, wr, the citizens of Roanoke,
and the adjoining emin'ry, arc fully snUficd
that union and harmony are necessary for
the preservation of our republican piinei
pies, and for the more effectual dissemina
tion of truth and combatting error and pre
judice, we hereby form ourselves into a
body to be known as the Itjianohc Chv
1 1 lun, and wtiitsi cur p-Miueui ii leu is in,
the utter contempt with which he is dis
posed to treat the Sovereign People.
Resolved, That v;3 will not support anf
man for a State office who is not in favor
of equal representation, and a call for a4
Convention to secure that desirable object-
Jtssolecd, That we are opposed to what
Col. Benton ralUd the "Tyranny of ihs
G' hcial Trkn System of fleeting" ment-

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