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Boon's Lick times. [volume] (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, June 21, 1845, Image 2

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P Y K T T 1? :
SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 18 If).
The eastern mail duo this place on
Thursday evening failed. We hear of no
rause for this failure, but altributo it 1o
high water. The stage passed up us usual,
but brought no mail bag. The singe must
havo failed beyond Fulton.
Rumors of the dtath of Gen. Jackson
reached this place on Tuesday, which have
been confirmed. Whilst living, he enjoyed
n large sh.ue of popular esteem, and his
death will be lamented by many.
The Missouri Reporter of the lCih sayp
On Sunday morning Gen. Jackson fainted
whilst being removed from his chair to the
bed, ond was for a time supposed to be
dead: but ho subsequently revived, and
during the afternoon took leave of his
family and friends. The Nashville Union
of Tuesday morning announces the Old
Hero's death in the following manner,
giving a very meagre account of his last
"Gen. Andrew Jackson died at the Her
mitage nt G o'clock, P. M., on Sunday the
8th instant. II is funeral takes place to-day
at 11 o'clock. Ho breathed his last quietly,
calmly, and with entire resignation, amidst
tho beloved members of his family and a
few intimate friends who wero present
I)cath had no terrors for him he met him
with composure, and with a full confidence
that he was prepared for a better world.
Death could not have taken him by surprise
nt any moment for more than a year he
has been ready at all times to obey the
dread summons. When the messenger
finally came, the old soldier, patriot and
Christian was looking out for his approach.
Ho is gone, but his memory lives, and will
continue to live."
From Y timer A- Smith's European Times.
Wak with Amrpica. The probability
of a war with the United Stales occupies
the public mind on this side of the At
lantic, to tho exclusion of every other
topic. Tho arrivals from the western
world arc looked to with absorbing inter
est, end the instant a packet arrives, the
news is conveyed with all the potency and
speed winch steam can command
metropolitan journals. In Hits way
wc arc at peace with the world. Our
Indian empiro is consolidated our colonies
in China are progressing. Tho British
! Exchequer is full In replolionits navy is
in admirable turn. Uur steamers sweep
every sea; our means of transporting
troops, whether from Europo or from Asia,
were never moro complete more perfect.
There never was a period in tho history of
this coun'rv when it was bolter prepared
1.1 ilio ! for war never did a question exist, not on
!ln nl.Kl.nnl -i ni'i I .m I . I f l.nnnilnn it. n
plliS UU3II UV1 I.II.IIIC, J II I , uvt.UU3U V'l lie t 1 1
forwarded bv special express, and at a great comitnnt swagger, on which less diversity
o.nhiv. ih n.-iv. ivi.iri. nmn i.i t.nn,t on " opinion prevails, ana witn heart and
The Jefferson Inquirer, in reply to an ar
tide of tho "New York Herald," on the
subject of the "finances of Missouri," which
we published in our last, contradicts the
Herald at every turn, and corrects the mat
ter, as follows:
"The interest on our State debt is about $71,
000. The loan recently made by the Tulmyra
1. ml Jackson branches of the Dank of Missouri
has been applied to paying off the spring interest,
and in no case has either delay 01 denial of poy
mer.l been made to the holders of interest cou
pons. The amount due in tho next autumn will
be about $35,500, which will bo paid from the
eollcclions of State revenue, made in St. Louis,
anddepothed monthly in the mother bank to the
credit of the treasurer. It may be estimated
that the collection from that city and county
n'one, between the present time and the autumn,
will, together with that now on deposite, be suffi
cienl to cover tho interest then duo and payable.
Independent of these resources, the State reve
nue fur the year IS 15 will bo payable into the
treasury in t!ic month of next December, and if
there be any insufficiency of revenue to meet the
liabilities of the Suite, it will not full on the
: l.phiers of the bonds of the State, but on our ci
vil cflierrs, who, nt the utmost, may be compelled
only to wail a month or two bryond quarter day
for their salaries, end even this result is bkiely
We apprehend there v ill be but little dif
ficulty in meeting the fall interval, as the
source to which the Inquirer rotors will
most probably meet it. But previous to
the meeting of the Legislature, another
veer's interest will fall due. The Governor
has no further authority, wc believe, to
borrow money, ond the current expenses of
the government, including the Convention
which is to assemble next winter, in ul
probability will absorb the Stele revenue.
And if so, bow is the interest for next ) car
lo be paid? A larger amount will be neces
sary for next year than was reqii.iile for
this, and there being no further power to
borrow, and a fair presumption that the
current expenses of the government will
absorb the State revenue, we must confess
there appears lo be some plausibility in the
statements of the Herald. Wc hope, how
ever, the State may be able to maintain her
The Inquirer seems to derive consolation
from tho fact, that although Missouri is in
debt, and there is a bare probability that
she may not be able to meet, the interest
and current expenses, promptly, yet her
condition is good compared with some of
her sister States! This is quite consoling,
indeed! But even this consolation vanish
es, when we inquire into the circumstances
under which these debts were incurred.
Our sister State, Illinois, for instance, is al
most hopelessly in debt, but that debt was
incurred by efforts badly planned, in
jeetj to ameliorate the condition of her
citizens and advance her interests. Mis
tiouri has attempted nothing to advance the
interests of her citizens, yet she has in
curred a debt which takes annually from
;70,000 to 1575,000 to kcp iho interest
down. . And, what makes it worse, she
has to borrow to pay the interest.
the night of Tuesday by the "Caledonia."
The previous arrival, the "Great Western,"
caused somo stir, ns it was known that
she would bring tidings of the elroct which
had been produced in America by the
speeches of Sir Robert Feel and the Earl
of Aberdeen, in Parliament, on tho Ore
gon question. ISnt, as only a dty or two
had intervened between the receipt ol
these speeches and the return of the
steamer, which hail not permitted the pub
lic opinion lo dcvclopc itself, the Succeed
ing arrival produced, if possible, s! HI greater
interest. The pros and cons of theqtics
t:on, it is needless to say. are daily dis
cussed; and this is certainly not the first
instance of late, that the spirit of American
institutions has been analysed by British
pens. Tho theory of the federal constitu
tion has formed, of recent years, a stand
ing dish with the politicians of England.
The national character and lis pcculiari-
es tho public men and their wayward
ness the democracy and its elements are
till weighed with critical skill, sometimes
with a fiiendlv, often with an adverse
hand. Cut, whatever diversity of opinion
may exist nmori" Englishmen as to ihe ab
stract merits of Republicanism, a war with
America the bare contemplation ot such
possibility is abhorrent to the national
mind. A war party, properly so called,
as regards the United States, docs not ex
There is nothing to mark its influence.
Tho mooted point the Oregon it is not
generally believed to be worth fighting for.
It is not a point which appeals lo national
pride, or prejudice, or power. Every one
leels that this litlle island has territory
enough, and colonies, and subjects, which
own its sway in every part of the inhabited
globe, that plume themselves on their iden
tification with the Untisli name, without
measuring lances with a kindred people
about a few thousand miles of a barren and
profitless waste. No. The sentiment which
lias taken deep root in the public mind of
this country which pervades all classes,
and sects, and shades of opinion, and unites
them as one man, refers not to the value of
the territory in question, but to what they
conceive to be the arrogant, overbearing,
bullying style with which the opposite
claim is advanced. It is with a spirited
people as with a spirited animal it you
drive, they resist, if you lead, they may
concede. Mr. Folk must be a crude judge
of human nature, or he would not have
nut forth, in his inaugural about the
Oregon, sentiments which were not merely
indiscreet not merely uncalled for and
out of place, but which sneered at, and may
be said to have hurled defiance at the
British claim. We sav nothing now as to
Ihe justice of the claim; all that we aim
at is, to account for the extraordinary
unanimity which exists on this question
an unanimity so surprising, that if we do
go lo war about it, every hand will be held
up, and every purse will be opened, every
arm will be stretched, to sustain it, and
bring it to a speedy and ti iuMipliant it'siie.
There arc men w ho would tamely submit
to wrong that would instantly resent an
Tho country '"feels itself insulted by ihe
new Fresidcnt. Is he noi a bungling tac
tician thnt thus gives his opponent such an
advantage that places hrnself in the
wrong by his imninrr, whila he is probably
right in his theory? Human ingenuity
could hardly have devi-rj any m"n so
effectual for amalgamating, as in a crucible,
the discordant cements of which public
opinion in every free coiuitiy is composed.
Like tue wand of an enchanter, Mr. Folk
has done ihis, and if there is any truth in
iho saying of Napoleon, that ninial force,
even war, lar outstrips physical lorcc, it
w ill be found that his first will not be his
last blunder.
Hasty men are generally obstinate men.
soul would ihe dernier
upon and pursued.
Wc do not write in
Nothing, heaven knows,
resort bo entered
The President has committed himself will
the Republic sustain him? Ho has so pre
cipitated matters that the question must
now be settled. He has thrown the gaunt
let, and it has been taken up; he has icopar
dized the American claim, and fljng lo the
winds the "wise and masterly inactivity,"
which Mr. Calhoun, with a far-seeing ba
gacity, recommended as tho bust policy for
the United Slates lo pursue. Back out he
cannot, without personal compromise, for
he has show n his cards to his opponent,
who will work the game accordingly.
It is well understood on this side of the
water it is still better known at Washing
ton, that the British Cabinet have come to
the conclusion that the present is ihe lime
for bringing this matter to an issue. To
let it slip would prove them as arrant bun
glers as their antagonist. Diplomacy, like
tho chess board, consists in a series of suc
cessful moves and a skilful player can
hardly be blamed for check-mating his
rival. Tho ofl'air might have remained in
abeyance another quarter of a century, as
it has done during tho last half century;
and every year would have increased the
means, on me pari oi America, oi a suc
cessful resistance decreased in tho same
ratio, tho power of Britain to sustain or
take forcible possession of Oregon. The
tide of emigration, which is daily flowing
to the west, would have peopled it in a few
years with the Anglo American race, who
would have held their own against an mini
These advantages have been cast to the
winds; and nothing appears to remain but
mutual concession, or the settlement of the
question by the strongest arm. Here,
again, tho evil genius of tho President con
fronts him. The temple of Janu3 is closed
a parlizan spirit
ulwtttl.l ...ft fnr.ni.il
iitii'vi. n..',., oiiiiii. y v. illui VJ
as a greater nntional calamity than a rup
ture with the United Stales; and we should
bo sorry to say or do anything which
could in tho remotest degree precipitate it.
It is painful harrowing oven tocontem
plalo such a contingency. The elements
of s'iciely would be convulsed, commerco
would be swept from the ocean, and the
ties of interest, ond even of consanguinity,
would be rudely snapped asunder. Upon
England it would inflict all but irreparable
injury, and America would hardly suffer
less intensely. May so fearful a consum
mation bo averted, in this crisis, it is not
tmnataral that public feeling in America
should bo watched with some anxiety. The
commercial classes can have no desire to
fight Britain about the navigation of the
Columbia. The Northern States are iden
tified with the continuance of peace and
the progress of manufactures. The South
ern States would not liko to sacrifice their
trade in cotton, tobacco and other produce,
for so illusory an object. The brawlers in
the west may desire a row, from an inher
ent love of sport and mischief, or a thirst
for gain. But after nil, tho matter will
probably resolve itself into a contest for
political supremacy. If the President is
obstinate, and will concede nothing, the
party which elected him may fee bound
in consistency to sustain him, and the voice
ol the more sober and discreet portion will
probably bo drowned in the avalanche. We
sincerely hope that discreet counsels will
prevail, and that both governments, con
ceding something for the sake of peace,
may bring the mailer to a timely and satis
factory adjustment. But it is folly to blink
the fact, that the "black cloud in the west,"
to which Sir Robert Peel so portentously
alluded, looks threatening, and may burst
with devastating fury.
With any country but America, war,
with all its newly acquired horrors and im
proved instruments of destruction, would
be fearful, yet speedy. But with such a
line of coast on the Atlantic and the bar
ren waste in dispute on the Pacific side, it
must, in ihe nature of things, be protracted.
Posession of the Oregon by an armed
force, would, of course, be the first, and
the destruction of the Atlantic cities on
the seaboard the second object of British
annoyance. But we pause, and sicken at
the bare idea of evils so appalling, and
yet so apparently immediate, resulting from
the language of a hastv and intemperate
man, raised, unexpectedly, to a position in
which his1 capacity for making mischief
appears to be the only capacity of which
he has yet, in Ihe opinion of the Britishers,
given any proof. Unfortunately lor our
sagacitv, wo foretold, in this journal, the
! very day, following the arrival of the Pres
ident s inaugural address, the hubbub to
which his indiscreet remark on the Oregon
would give rise here, and our statement lias
been verified to the letter.
The probability of a war with the Uni
ted States occupies the public mind on the
other side of the Atlantic, to the exclusion
of every other topic. The arrivals from
the western world arc looked lo with ab
sorbing intenst.
Varliamentary. The British Parliament
meets on Monday after the Whitsun recess.
This is the second division of the session.
The first terminated at Easter, and, like a
drama in three acts, the concluding one
promises to be the most important. Our
iclations with America may probably be
alluded to, but are hardly likely to be dis
cussed. The wily Minister will keep his
ow n councils, and allow members to floun
der as long as they may like in the waters
of conjecture. In this respect, American
statesmen might, with advantage, take a
useful hint from the cautious fact which
characterises ministerial announcements in
the British Parliament. Upon Mr. Polk the
lesson would probably be lost but even a
statesman so eminent as Mr. Calhoun
could study in the school of diplomatic
secrecy without any damage to his well
earned reputation. His speech on the Ore
gon bill, when it came before the Senate, is
now going tho "round" of the English press,
and who knows but that the indiscreet dis
closures which he therein made, as to the
policy of leaving tho Oregon question in
abeyance for some twenty years, when
Americans would be able to hold it them
selves, may have furnished u hint upon
which the government is now acting, in
pressing for a speedy settlement of that
vexed question.
Tho steamship Cambria arrived at Eos
ton on tho 1st, bringing three days later
than the above. We make such extracts
as relate to the probability of war, &c
England and America. Tho proceed
ings which took place in the House of
Commons, on Friday night, 10th of May,
are important in the present position of
matters between England and tho United
States. Tho debato referred more partic
ularly to the state of the navy, which the
professional members contended was in a
most inefficient slate, badly manned, and
altogether disgraceful to the country and
to tho service. The admission of this in
efficiency was made by Sir Geo. Cockburn,
and the other representatives of the admi
rality board, and the blame was thrown on
tho exchequer, the chancellor of which
evinced no willingness lo place the wooden
walls oi the nation in a better position
Tho same complaint has been made
every year thnt we have been at peace
but complaints bn this scoro are fruitless, I
unless the Government of tho day will
consent to keep as many men in pay during
peace as mo exigencies oi ine country
would require in war. The Government,
however, will be probably, induced, in con
sequence of tho strong representations
which are made at a critical time, to pro
vide a remedy for somo of the evils dilated
From Wihncr and Smith's Times, May 20.
Hopes are entertained that the intima
tion conveyed in ono of tho New York
papers, ihnt a special minister probably
Mr. Van Burcn had been Folected to pro
ceed to iho Court of St. James, for the
purpose, if possible, of satisfactorily ar
ranging the point in dispute, is correct.
Wo can only icpcat what wc have pre
viously stated, that on the part of the Brit
ish nation no desire exists to measure lances
with the United States about tho Oregon
territory; I he umbrage is to be found in
the language of Mr. Polk; but all politi
cians nppcar to be agreed that tho present
is ihe time now or never for bringing
iho affair to a conclusion.
The Funds. As if by common consent,
tho apprehensions of a collision between
Great Britain and the United States re
specting the Oregon question, havo all but
died away, and the naturul effect upon the
public securities has been to enhance pri
ces. As yet. however, the advance is com
paratively limited say from 3-8 to 1-2
per cent.
It will bo seen by tho Amencon pro
vision market, that that description of pro
duce holds an encouraging position except
in the article of butter. With tho excep
tion of the great American staple, cotton,
all other articles of commerce, speaking
generally, are going off favorably at remu
nerating prices.
Opinions of the French Press. 1 he
questions relative to Oregon and Texas
have naturally excited much attention of
the press and the public of Paris. On the
first, the feeling is, upon the whole, against
America; that is, against the pretensions
put torlh in the President s harangue, which
excited such a striking demonstration in
the British Parliament.
Ireland. At the usual weekly meeting
of the repeal association, on the 12th inst.,
the rent amounted to 320 13s Id.
O'Connell is going to put Peel's temper
to a severe test, by holding another scries
of 'monster meetings.' "Tara of the Kings,"
a spot sacred to Irish patriotism, will shortly
be the scene of a gathering nowise inferior
in numbers and pomp to that which revived
its ancient glories two years back, when
upwards of a million of people assembled
to hear the mogicof O'ConnelPs voice; and
to give due solemnity, to tho occasionjnow,
as then, mass is to be said in the open air,
previous to the political business of the
Alderman Keshan, a repealer, has been
elected Lord Mayor of Dublin for the en
suing civic year.
A great "repeal demonstration" took
place at Dundalk, on Thursday, much like
a monster meeting; there was an out-door
meeting, at which Mr. O'Connell spoke;
and then a 'banquet,' at about which COO
gentleman sat down to table, including
some forty members of tho '82 club in
their uniform. The speaking both out of
doors and in was in the usual strain.
News moM Santa Fb. Mr. Wethcrcd,!
who lias been engaged in the trade to New
Mexico for several years past, arrived in
this city yesterday. In company with
Gen. S. C.Owens, he reached Independ
ence on the 10th inst., in advanco of the
wagons and men, who were left at the
little Arkansas. They left Chihuahua on
iho 7lh of April, and Santa l o on the 5th
May, and had a remarkably pleasant and
quick trip. The proceeds of the year's ad
venture consist ot specie and goiu uust
of which, wo learn from another quarter,
Gen. Owens brought in about SSO.OOO.
He also has with him samples of wool,
obtained at Chihuahua, wilh iho view of
determining whether this species of trade
can be mado profitable. Tho company
comprised thirty-six men and six wagons.
Several Mexicans are in company.
Of political news, we havo been able to
gather only a few items. Gov. Armijo,
who had made himself obnoxious to the
people, by forced and exorbitant loans of
money, and the imprisonment ot mc prm
cipal merchants of Santa Fe, was superce
ded a day or two beloio ihe company ictt
by the appointment of Chaves in his stead.
Ihe new Governor is a young man, a
brother of tho trader murdered by McDan
icl and his confederates, two years ago, on
ihe route from New Mexico lo the United
States. 1 here was some excitement con
sequent on this chongc. and because ot
apprehended difficulties between the Gov
eminent of Mexico and the United States,
and tho suspension of trade from this nuar
ter. But their advices from the city ol
Mexico were, of course, not so recent as
those which have reached us by the way
of New Orleans. liqmbhcan.
The Charleston, f KanawhaVa.) Repub
lican of last woek has the following article
in regard to a most Jcurious phenomenon
of the Bait wells there:
It has been known to the public, for some
two ycarB, that several extensive salt furna
ces in the Kanawha salt region have been
peratcd exclusively by gas.lorcing up ihe
water from a thousand or fifteen nunarea
feet, and then being collected in a barrel,
and serves bs a gnsometer.Jit is conveyed by
a pipe to the furnace furnishing all the hent
necessary for.carrying out nt Iho same time,
all the processes ol the manufacture oi sun
to its completion, in an esiaoiisumeni ca
pable of making a hundred barrels a day,
and at night brilliantly lighting up the
whole works; thus saving the expense ol a
steam engine to pump up tho water, all the
fuel and light. Last week, in deepening
one of the wells of Messrs. Dickinson and
Shregsburj, the .augur struck a' stream ot
gas, at the depth ol one tnousana leet, mar,
in quantity and torce, ,tar surpasses any
thing of ihe kind heretofore discovered here
. . . i rn. .
or perhaps in the worm, ins augur wu
pressed up with such force as almost to
overcome the exertion of the workmen to
hold it down while ihey could unscrew the
gas detachments. The way being clear
ed, the gas, having full play, sent a column
of water one hundred leet, (and il tubed,
would no doubt raise it to double that
distance,) occasionally discharging stones
about the sizo of a musquet ball to that of
Suicide. Col. J. M. Woodson, of this
county, committed suicide by hanging him
self on the evening of the 12th instant.
He had at times evinced 6uch a depression
of spirits as to occasion some anxiety and
watchfulness on the part of his friends.
On Thursday evening he left home, staling
that he was going to the residence of his
son to get some tobacco plants; not return
ir.g, search was made, and he was found
next morning suspended by the neck. He
had resided in this county some eight or ten
years, and was a good citizen und kind
neighbor, and leaves a large family and
circle of friends to deplore his untimely
end. Ho was sonic fifty ycar3 of nge, and
was from Prince Edward county, Virginia.
Richmond Whig please notice.
Dn. Laud.xek's Lectikes. Wo arc in
debted lo the publishers for No. III. This
number embraces the Tides, Light, the
Major Planets, Reflection of Light, and the
Atlantic Steam Question. We would
again can iho attention ot mo public to
these lectures. They contain a vast amount
of interesting and useful information, which
it would be difficult to obtain through any
other source, and certainly could no where
bo procured so cheap. The fourth number
will contain lectures on the Barometer, the
Moon, Heat, and the Atlantic Steam Ques
lion. Price 25 cents per number. Ad
dress Greeley & McElrath, Tribune Buil
dings, New York City.
Interesting Legal Decision. An
csting and important case was argued be
fore Hon. Judge Scott, of the Supremo
Court, on Tuesday last. A difference of
opinion has existed between the new Board
of Inspectors of the Penitentiary, and the
lessees, as to the meaning of the law con
cerning the imprisonment of convicts. The
former contending that where a convict
escapes from the prison and is afterwards
retaken, the time during which he was at
largo is part of his term of imprisonment
and, consequently, that the convict cannot
be detained beyond such term, although he
may havo actually been confined within
the prison during a short part of such term
only, unless he is detained to be tried for
such escape
The Lessees, on the other hand, contend
ing that the convict must actually serve out
within the prison, the time lor which he
was sentenced; and that, consequently, it
convict makes his escape, and is after
wards re-taken, ihe time during which he
was at large is not to be computed or con
sidered as part of his term of imprison
ment. In order to test the question, a con
vict by the name of Baker, who had es
caped, and afterwards had been re-taken
was brought before Judge Scott on a writ
of habeas corpus. The case was argued
by B. F. Stringfellow, Esq., on part of tho
prisoner, and S.M.Bay, Esq., on part of
the Lessees. We understand that the opin
ion of Judge Scotl coincided with that of
the Lessees, and that the prisoner was re
manded. Jefferson Enquirer.
Tho Bowling Green Journal says: Ma
jor David Curry, who resides in the neigh
oornoou ot this place, a lew days since
whilst on a hunting excursion killed a doc
and having performed the exsarion opcr
ation, extracted four fawns all of them
alive. Two of them survived ihe death
of their mother for several days. This
truly a phenomenon in natural history.
New Yoiik Semi-weekly Thiuu.ne.
Tho publishers of tho New York Tribune
have issued a semi-weekly paper, the first
number of which has been received. It is
largo sheet, filled almost exclusively with
reading matter, printed on good paper,
with new type, at Thrco Dollars a year.
Address Greeley and McElrath, Tribune
Buildings, New York City.
The Great Fire at Quebec. The total
loss by the late conflagration at Quebec is
variously estimated at from 1,000,000 to
$3,000,000. One account 6oys that be
tween 1500 and 2000 houses were con
sumed, and about 12,000 persons one
third of the population of the city rcn-
Fire. A fire occurred in the City of
New Y'ork on the 31st ult., which destroy
ed one hundred buildings, and twenty-five
horses. Tho buildings destroyed were not
of much value. Somo four hundred fami
lies, of the poorer class, were left destitute
of homes, and in many instances of furni
ture and clothing.
The Commercial states thai the Presbyte
rian Convention now in session in Pliiludel
phia has adopted the following propositions
relating to me subject ot slavery:
I. Thai the institution of slavery, exist
ing in these United Stules, is not sinful on
the part of civil society.
2. That slavery, as it exists in these Uni
ted Mates, is not a sinful ollonce.
3. That civil government is not bound
to abolish slavery in these United States.
4. That it is not agreeable to the word oi
God for any person intentionally to induce
those held in slavery to rebel against their
a hen's egg, almost with the force of a
grape shot from a piece ol ordnance.
When we went there on luesuay last,
all hands were engaged in active efforts lo
get down a plug to check the force of the
gass, so as to enable them to insert the
tube. They have, we learn, 'partially suc
ceeded, and in a few days both the gas and
water will be turned to good account, se
rious apprehensions were very justly en
tertained of the destruction of the furnaces
in the immediate neighborhood, as well
as of the residence of Mr. William Tomp
kins, should this immense body ot gas take
fire, which it is thought might occur from a
steamboat passing up the rivei, so exten
sively was it dillused in the atmosphere.
A strong guard is kept up day and night to
prevent such a catastrophe. On Saturday
night the third well from the one we are
speaking of look fire, and with the most ac
tive exertions, was not extinguished till
considerable damage was done to the work.
That our readers have some idea of the
extent of nature's laboratory or gas manu-
lactory on the Kanawha, we will say that
gas enough issues from this single well to
light all the cities in the united states, and
think we might safely throw in London,
Paris, St. Petersburg, and half a dozen
other big cities in Europe.
Some enteriain fears that both the gass
and the salt water will shortiy fail; but we
are inclined to the opinion that the up
per stratum, the outskirts, the suburbs
only of the treasures of salt and gas as
well as many a subterranean wonder,
are just now being leached. No matter
whose dominions down there may be en
croached upoii, whether those of Pluto or
iEolus, our enterprising salt manufacturers
are as determined to explore them, to an
nex them, revel in their palaces, as the
whigs say the annexationits are, by and
bye, lo revel in the halls of Montezuma.
dered houseless and in want of the common
necessaries of life. The hospital, to which
a number of sick persons were carried,
caught fire from the flakes of fire wafted
from tho burning district, and was en
tirely consumed, wilh some of its inmates.
Twelve bodies had been recovered, and it
was feared that many more were buried
beneath tho ruins perhaps sixty or eighty
Every exertion was making in Montreal lo
alleviate tho distress of the unfortunate
sufferers. The Provincial Government
sent down 2000 for their immediate ne
cessities; tho Catholic Bishop Seminary
and Hotel Dieu each forwarded 500, and
L.oru nieicailo also sent a donation of
The Weatiieu. It has been raining al
most constantly the past week, and from
present appearances will continue for some
time. The river is rising and fears are en
tertained by many of another ovorflow
The weather at present is similar to that of
last June.
The rains have been favorable to ihe
tobacco crop, and notwithstanding the
fears which have prevailed to the contrary,
thero is yet a prospect of on overage crop.
0Arrangements have been mado for
the completion of iho Illinois and Michigan
Canal, and the work is lo bo begun forthwith.
The New-York Morning News of the 10th
inst., contains a report of the proceedings of
the Society for the Abolition of the death pun
ishment. We have read theso proceedings
with ths deepest iulerost. The object which
this society has in view is every way worthy
of the philanthropist and Christian. The bad
policy of capital punishment iia demoralize
ing tendencies its utter uselessne9s in prevent
ing crime, have no long been admitted, by u!l
reflecting and candid men, that wo cannot
but wonder why it still continues a san
guinary and revolting feature in our crimi
nal code. The low but resistless force of nub
lie opinion has nearly banished from the codes
of the Stales that odious relic of a barbarous
age, imprisonment for debt. And the moral
sentiment of the ago requires that we should
go one step further, and obliterate from the
statute book the still more revolting and odioui
penalty of punishment by death. We are well
persuaded, that could the nuked quostiun be
submitted lo the people ol the United States.
ao overwhelming majority perhaps not less
man eightitenins would tie lound in favor, of
this humane reform. The experience of thou
Bands of years proves that it never has, and
never can deter from the commission ol crime.
1 he etlect ol death punishmeet upon the youth
ful mind is invariably to excite its sympathy for
the criminal and detestation of the law which
dooms him. The child abhors the crime for
which tho criminal suffers, but his unbiassed
and humane instincts and feelings revolt at
this system of legalized murder. What other
punishment shall bo substituted then, it is ask.
ed? Shall the murderer go unpunished f Cy
no means. We would inflict upon him a pun.
ishment perhaps more teirible than death,
but without ils useless inhumanity. We would
banish him from the society of his fel!ow-man
shut him out from all the sympathies and as
sociations of the world imprison him for life.
And at the same time, we would abolish or
place in other hands than the State Execu
tie, the power of pardoning for the crime of
We repeat that wo do most heartily and cor
dially agree in the sentiments of the resolutions
offered by the editor of the Morning News,
as well as in the speeches and other proceed
ings of that convention, and we assure those
friends of rational end Christian humanitv
that our humble eiTorts and the influence ofihe'
press, are pledged to assist in accomplishing
ihis great reformation. It is an object every
way worthy the distinguished names alrea
dy enlisted in its favor; and we trust that
the great msss of the people will soon so ex.
press their opinions, as to give them effect
through their Legislative agents in the form of
law . Constitution.
DCf'The democrats of Cooper held a
convention at Pisgah last Saturday to nom
inate a candidato for the Convention.
F. W. G. Thomas was the nominee. Da
vid Jones, John Miller and Mark A. Chil
ton were also candidates for tho nomina-tion,

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