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V PUBLISHED EVERY 8ATURDAV BY, f
' BEIVSOIV dr GREEN.
Ogkt South side of tht Public Square, oppoiitt the
A TERMS OP PUBLICATION.
For on year, if paid in advance, $2 00
If not paid before the close of the year, 3 00
TERMS Of ADVERTISING.
1 Square of IS line, or leaf, one dollar'for tbe
firet, 50 cents for each subsequent insertion
Basinossand Professional Cards inserted atitO
0To Merchants and businessmen, who adver
tiae by the year, liberal deductions will be made.
Of every description, executed with neatness and
despttch,'and,'on the most reasonable terme.
Handsomely printed, keptconatantly on hand, and
for sale low.
OrMessrs. Wat. D. Mawse and N. B. Coates,
are our authorized-Agents, at Huntaville.
FITHE undersigned is permanently established
- as a Teacher of Children and Youth, at Union
Academy, about three and a half miles west of
Fayette. He is a jraduate.and haahad nearly fire
years' experience in teaching; more than three of
wnicn, be haa spent in the house which he now
oceupies; always 'giving special attention to the
best means of developing and instructing tbe
While this school is designed to furnith
thorough Classical and Mathematical course of in
struction, constant effort will be made to impart
a minute and accurate knowledge or the elemen
tary branches, such aa Arithmetic, English, Latin
and Greek Grammars, and other atudies prepara
tory to a liberal course as experience has proved,
that wbile pursuing'these, the intellectual character
la mainly formed. tvery pupil is required to
make a thorough and rigid analysis of each book
s ke proceeds; to state in his own words his view
of the subject in hand, that hia misapprehensions
may be corrected, and thus to discipline abd
'Strengthen his ownjrnind.
It will be the constant aim of the Instructor to
nreoare bis pupils for the practical dutiee of lire,
not only by teaching them to think for themselves
on all subjects, but by introducing irequent exer
cises, drawn from'the various business transac
tiona of the world.
Young gentlemen wishing to qualify themselves
lor (evening, win rwunivc ihihuvhwh , vw,
reference to that object-
Tbe location of this Institution offers peculiar
advantages. Situated in a most healthy neigh
borhood, removed from the corrupting influences of
town, and village, and surrounded by highly re
spectable families, with whom board may be ob
tained, tins school must insure the moral, as
well as the intellectual advancement of its "pupils.
TERMS For tbe elementary branches: Reading,
Writing?. Arithmetic, Euelish Grammar, Geo-
' rraphv, &c, per session, of five and a half
months, $5 00
For tbe higher branches: including Latin,
Greek. French, the various branches of
Mathematics, c , &c. ftl5 00
Boarding, including washing, fuel, and lights,
run be obtained at III 25 to ft I 50 per week.
Two or three boarders would be received by the
Teacher. WM. T. UAVIS.
Sept. 20th, 1845. 28-ly
CHILDREN'S woolen and worsted hose, every
iu, by BREMERMANN if CUNO.
Boonville, October 4tb, 1845.
BROADCLOTHS Beaver do., Pilot do., Mac
ih&w do., Caasimeres and a large lot of stuffs
for pants, just received and for sale low by
BREMERNANN if CUNO.
Boonville, October 4tb, 1845.
BEDDING by the bale or pound by
Boonville, September 27th, 1845.
Bargains in facts
rtHE subscribers flatter themselves that they
JL have given substantial and satisfactory proofs
of their establishment being the
. Cheapest Store in Boonville I
which reputation they are at all hazards determine
to sustain. In testimony of which they now offer
a large and fresh stock of
Fall and Winter Dry Goods!
at such rates, as to defy competition at wholesale
or retail. Purchasers are invited to examine and
judge for themselves. Tho stock consists in par',
of the following articles, which are peculiarly
worthy of notice, vix:
A large end rich assortment of ladies Fall and
Winter wear, , .
Cashmere de cosse, Fig'd Saxonies,
Parisiennes, black and fig'd Alpaca,
Black Satin and Silk,
A great variety of Chintz prints and Calico,
Zephir and Worsted MiUs,
Cravats, Ties and Caps for ladies and children,
Superior fine plain and ribbed Cashmere hose,
Embroidered Tibet Shawls,
Superior fine Merino Flannel,
Gimps, &c. Sic, together with a large va
riety of other articles too numerous to mention;
all of them will be sold foreash or produce by
BREMERMANN i CUNO.
Boonville, September 27th. 1B4Q.
CLOTHS A splendid assortment, worthy the
Attention of those in need of costs sold cheap at
the People's Store. LAW Si BYNUM.
Fayette, October 18th. 1845.
IA8T AND SHEAR STEEL A delightful ar-
ticle and warranted to cut in me "J-1""'
J. NANSON if SON.
Glasgow, November 8th, 1845.
HAVE YOU BEEN AT CARROLL'S?
YES indeed, and tbe way I got bargains is death
to tbe Jews; iron at 4 J cents; salt fi.QC; rot
ton seven bits; sole leather 15 cts. Don't say any
thing more if you please; how far is it to Carroll's!
and now will I know when I get there! It's about
two miles, and mo largo un iu u,o uKl.
of to we, be sure to go up stairs oeiore yuu
(Glasgow, January 31st, 1B4Q,
COTTON VS. WOOL
Trusalem va. tbe World tor ahawls; they can
mfai ! Toouoj ahawl look for all the VorWlike
VooJ in a dark room.
Glasgow, January aiai, ioo.
riTnniri in (alaBsTOW.
UrCHt jmm B -
Every hod ti talking about tbe great change
taoV'.rnc.&rroll ha. put up that
large fine store in tbe upper end of town. Ine
wajVem old shanty's are filing, down below,
is a caution; some ot 'em are trying to el lout at
cost; others are trying to raffle off their oldR rub
bage, but Carroll is under them all at least per
.cent at last
. Glasgow, January 5lst, 1846.
1 CHINA and Glaea-ware, just received and for
ale at reduced prices by ,Tr
",. , .BREMERMANN f CUNO.
Boonville, October 4tb, 1845. .
VESTINGS A magnificent assortment, call
and take a look, and you will be sure to buy.
. LAW fc BYNUM.
Fayette, October J8th, 1844,
Western merchants! Attention!!
OPENING OF SPRING.
IMMENSE STOCK OF READY-MADE
Spring and Summer Clothhio,
Manufactured expressly for the Up country Trade,
C. & T. LEWIS,
No. 190 Main Street, St. Louis, Mo.
Are now receiving the first shipment of their new
and splendid stock ol Clothing adapted to the set
son and trade, which they will offer for Cash or an
proved paper, at prices so extremely low that tbey
DEFY ANY CONCERN
In the United Slates to undersell them. The
Country dealers can at all times find, at 100, an
endless variety of every quality, style end fashioo
iff needy Mane uiothing complete assortment.
Are superior to all others in manufacturing Cloth
in. We buy our domealie goods of the manufac-
turers themselves, at the lowest rstes, and import
our foreign goods ascneap as any house in N. x
Is conducted by Messrs. Lewis St Hsnford; men
whose long experience and close application to this
business render them eupenor to any in the line
the most efficient corps of cutters' In the country
are engaged. Lewis's factory
In New York eity, Nos. 252 and 254 Pearl street-.
whence all our goods arrive direct. No two or
three drayages to pay No jobbers, importers or
sgents to contend with. Every thing comes to ns
Direct, which is a saving of 25 per cent, to those
who purchase Clothing of
Hundreds can testify to these facts who have
bought of us heretofore.
Missotiri, Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa,
We invite vour attention to this Leviathan stock
of Ready-Made Clothing, comprising the latest
patterns and styles or trencn and English manu
facture. A SAVING
Of 25 per cent, can be made, and every thing in
the Clothing line can at all times be found by the
Dozen or Package, at 190.
TORE ENLARGED FOUR IMMENSE LOFTS
NEWLY FITTED CP THE BEST LIGHT
In the city for Merchants to select eoods bv Store
situated on the corner of Main and Ore-en sts.
We have the largest stock of Readv-Made Cloth
ing ever landed at St. Louis, and we are bound to
ECLOTHE THE WEST.cn
AT Till SMALLEST fOSSIBLS ADVANCES.
Particular attention paid to the packing of good
sizes and sound garments.
Orders promptly attended to.
Large 190 on top of the house.
New Clothing continually arriving from our
9,000 Hands constantly AT WORK.
ftLarge Flag Sien hanging out in front with
name, number, dc.
COME AND SEE 190.
C. Si T. LEWIS.
St. Louis, March 21st, 1846.
Poraeroy & Durkec,
No. 146 Main Street, St. Louis,
HAVING established themselves iu the Whole
sale DRY GOODS business uoon the orin-
ciple of selling goods for cash and on short credit,
to prompt men, at a small advance, give notice
that tbey will be in receipt of their first shipments,
this season, early in February and from that time
on will be constantly receiving new supplies.
Tbey are determined to offer such '.inducements as
will make it to the advantage of Countrv Mer
chants to purchase in this in preference to the East
ern markets, and teel confident that with their
facilities for buying, they are enabled to aell as
low aa the regular Jobbing Houses in the Eastern
. Tbey invite merchants visiting St. Louis, to
cell and examine their stock, which will consist
inpart or DOMESTIC GOODS.
Brown and bleached sheetings,
Brown and blue drills,
' Denims, Mexican Mixtures,
- Cottonades, Kremlins,
v Printed pant stuffs,
Kentucky Jeans, Sattinetts, Glascow Jeans,
Tickings, checks, col'd cambrics,
Prints, a large assortment, new styles,
- - FOREIGN GOODS.
- Broadcloths, plain and fancy Cassimeres,
Drab De Ele, Gambroons,
Linen Drills, Summer Cloths,
Satin Vestings, Nankeens,
Hungup cords, Moleskins,
Red padding, canvass.
Black and col'd Alpacas,
Printed Mnslins and Jaconetts,
Silks, Satins, Ribbons, Shawls,
Scarfs and Points, silk cravats,
Silk Pongee and Bandana Hdkfs.,
Irish Linens, Linen Table Damask,
Birds eye Diaper, Russia Diaper,
Satin, check and tape Jaconetts,
Swiss and Book Muslins, Bubbinetts,
Grecian netting. Laces, Edgings, Insertings,
Linen cambric hdkfs.,
Hosiery, Gloves, die., together with a great
varie ty of shelf goods. Also,
iuu cases raira Liear Mate,
60 Ladies Bonnets, latest styles,
200 " Men's Nutria. Russia, Cassimere
and Coney Hats,
60 " Blue and Pearl Sporting Hats,
St. Louis, January 24th, 1846. 46 2m
SHEETINGS AND SHIKT1JMUS. 0-4 and 6-4
bleached and brown aheetings, 3-4and'4-4
" shirtings, at low pri
ces, for cash. KUNKLE c KKLNG.
Fayette, January 18th, 1840.
COMBS of every description very low by
Boonville, October 4th, 1845.
LOOKING GVatta plate foreale low by
BREMERMANN d) CUNO.
Boonville, October 4th, 1845.
GROCERIES 10 hhde. Sugar, HO sacks Coffee,
250 Salt, for aale by LAW 4k BYNUM.
Fayette, uc toner ibid, i40.
"C1LAX-SEED. The highest market price wiH
J. be paid lor r tax-seen, in uoods, by
J. RIDDLESBARGER &. Co.
Fayette, January 3d, 1846,
CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS. WHEN
FOR THE SPRIftO TRADE.
Collin die Kellogg,
No. 1 03 Main Street,
TTAVE received by late arrivals an extensive
xjl assortment or DRY GOODS for the spring
saiea, wnicn sre now ready tor examination.
We take this method of advising our friends
and the public, that we have made extensile ar-
rangementt for the spring trade, which will enable
us 10 oner grester inducements in tbe way ot bar
gains than ever to those that buy in this market.
Our stock consists in partes follows:
180 bales 3-4, 4-4 if 6-4 brown sheetings and
shirtings, viz: Indian head, Appleton'a,
Lawrence Mills, Oregon, and other heavy
30 bales fine do. Victoria, Premium, die.;
25 tickings, well known brands;
20 " brown drills and shirting stripes;
45 3-4 if 4-4 osnaburgs;
6 " cotton checks and domestic ginghsms;
8 " red, white and yellow wool flannels;
25 cases 3-4, 7-8, 4-4 St. 6-4 bleached muslins;
20 " black, Oxford mixed, cadet mixed, gold
mixed, and blue satinets;
25 " Ky. Jeans, different colors and quali
ties; 10 " birds-eye tweeds and striped Jeans;
4 " black and colored cambrics;
2 " Hamilton Si Amoskeag cotton flannels.
05 cases, comprising madders, fancies and
chintzes, new and desirable styles;
10 " mourning do., well assorted;
7 " Merrimack and other styles blue do;
3 " furniture prints.
BROADCLOTHS. CASSIMERES, die.
0 cases differentcolors.some very fine French,
English and American;
5 " black and fancv cassimeres, drab d'ete,
and fancy linen drills.
Our assortment of them is such that we desire to
call the particular attention of merchant tailors to
53 packages assorted, comprising Mexican mix
tures, rork denims, blue drills, cottonaces,
Orleans fancies, York cambists, Kremlin
stripes, Penn. Jeans, log-cabins, Rouen cas
simeres, Joinvillo stripes, and many other
LADIES' DRESS GOODS.
Rich balzorines, printed and barred muslins.
Scotch and Organdie ginghams, black silks, black
and colored alpacas, black lawns, &c. Sic.
Black and figured silk velvets, worsted serges, Irish
linens, brown hollands, black and colored silecias,
canvass and red paddings, white and fancy Mar
seilles vestings, worsted and silk do., brown linen
buckrsms, jacconet and common white cambrics;
Swiss, bonk and Mull muslins; white, check and
striped cambrics; damask table diaper; brown linen
table cloths; hosiery and gloves, in great variety.
rA I.M HATS.
1,000 dozen palm leaf hats, all qualities.
Comprising Florence braid, Rutland Lace Nea
politan, blk fluted lawn, balzorine. Cypress Polka,
Tarlton lawn, plain straw, bombazine, and many
Our assortment of these is large and well as
sorted, selected from the latest importations.
PARASOLS AND UMBRELLAS.
We have a large assortment of these goods,
amorrg which may be found all grades, well worthy
the attention of city dealers.
Artificial flowers, pins, tapes, buttons, whale
bones, linen and cotton thread, gum and web sus
penders, silk coat cord and bindings, linen nap
kins, ridding combs, tuck and side do., silk and
cotton hdkfs, books and eyes, bonnet lawns, bon
net and cap ribbons in great variety, Italian sew
ings, ball twist, ivory combs, black and fancy
silk cravats, agate and pearl shirt buttons and
many other goods, too numerous to mention in an
We shall be in receipt of supplies by nearly
every boat I uring the business months, to keep
our stock complete, which we offer for ssle at the
lowest rates for cash or approved paper. Country
merchants will find it much to their interest to
examine our stock before making their purchases
elsewhere. COLLINS Si KELLOGG.
St. Louis, March 14th, 1340
NEW AND CHEAP
Umbrella and Parasol Manufactory,
No. 104 Market Street,
Next door East of the old Stand.
WM. H. RICHARDSON
HAS withdrawn from the firm of W. Si W. H.
Richardson, and commenced business on
his own account at No. 104 Market Street, be
tween Third and Fourth, where be has for sale
a full assortment of Umbrellas, Parasols, Para
sollettes and Shades, of the newest style and best
manufacture, at the lowest market prices.
Cotton Umbrellas, fair quality, 85 cents.
Silk do. do. do. 1,50.
Other Goods in proportion. You are respect
ully invited to call and see them.
Philadelphia, January 17th. 1846. 45 4m
Sherman J. Bacon. Samuel T. Hyde.
IIAtO & HYDE,
No. 1 56 Main Street, St. Louis, Mo.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
DRUGS and Medicines, Surgeons Instruments,
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Brushes, Dye Stuffs,
Apothecaries Glassware, Window Glass, ifc, re
spectfully invite the attention of Druggists, Phy
sicians, Merchants and others purchasing in this
market, to an examination of their stock, which
will alwaya be large and fresh prices and quality
guarantied to be satisfactory. From the facilities
we now have in the importations ot all descrip
tions of Drugs suitable to tbe trsde, we feel aasured
that we can offer as favorable rates as any Drug
Establishment in tbe United States.
Quinine having become one of the leading arti
cles in the trade, we lake this opportunity of say
ing, that we will be prepared to contract to deliver
at once, or at specified timee during the summer
months all that may be wanted; and as this article
usually advances very considerably in the latter
part of the season, we recommend early aupplies.
Dye Stuffs This branch of our trade is now
large, and to which we pay particular attention.
Our stock of Indigo and Madder being received
by direct importations, enables us to offer great
inducements to tbe trade.
White Lead Dry and in Oil of superior quali
ties, at manufacturers prices.
St. Louis, February 7tb, 1846.
The subscribers having procured a very exten
sive Warehouse on tbe Bank of the river, in Glas
gow, offer to do all kinds of Receiving, Forward
ing and Storage, on most accommodating terms
Large importers of Salt, Whiskey, Sugar, drc. drc.
Also shippers of Tobacco, Hemp, or other kinds
ot produce, will nod it much to their interest,
aa our warehouse is convenient to the river, in
consequence of which cbargos will be moderate.
,J !;:, November sui.ie i5.
REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."
SATURDAY, APRIL 4, 1846.
THE SINGAPORE STORY.
The London " Times" is famous for its
misreprnsetations of America. The follow
ing adds another calumny to the catalogue
To themEditor of the Times :
"Sir At a time when England' atten
tentton is anxiously directed to the conduct
of America and her Senate, and wuilst the
mob-orators f the New World are aspiring
to an unlimited continental union, or, as
they would term it, a planispheric amalga
mation ol the stars (whose magnitude Brit
ish astronomers ol non-celestial study are
fully able to appreciate) with other stars ol
a nebulous obscurity, it may be as gratily
ing to the Britishers as tarnation awkward
to the Jonathans to be acquainted with the
following fact : that, although Great Brit
ain's hardyusons do now contribute some
three-fourths of the crews of the United
Stales navy probably, also, of their merchant-vessels
there is not one man amongst
them who will be the traitor (0 his country
to trip an anchor' or trim a sail,' much
less light a match' on board of that craft
which shall dare to insult or attack his own
glorious ensign. Nor can it be too gener
ally known that last year, when America
agitated the same Oregon question, and the
intelligence became circulated in the East,
several ot her men of-war, then at anchor
in Singapore roads, were unable to put to
sea, in consequence of a majority of their
crews, who were Englishmen, going alt to
a man, and demanding of the captains and
officers an assurance that they should not
be required, by word or deed, to work the'r
vesssels against their country.
"Upon this assurance, and this only, have
ttiose vessels ever been able to move from
tneir untowara nx ; ana tney, as well as
others floating under the spangled banner,
will, mos. undoubtedly, become placed in
the same unenviable position, should Mr.
Polk and his friends dare to move their pi
oneers one inch upon the neutral ground of
"1 remain, sir, your very obedient ser
vant, " A SAIOR."
To show how little confidence can be
placed in this charge, we submit the follow
ing contradiction from one of the principal
officers of the Navy Department at Wash
To the Editor of the Union :
Mr dear sir : 1 think this must be 0
"fish atory," perhaps fished up with the
"slave shackles' from the wreck oi the
Several of our men-of-war were not an
chored in Singapore roads Inst year ; and
certainly nobody ever heard before of an
English mutiny on board ol either of them,
either there or elsewhere.
There are some British seamendoubt-
less, on board our vessels, but the proportion
is small. Of 2i0 recently sent from New
York to the Potomac, an officer who accom
panied them, informs me there were but
seven foreigners. British sailors frequently
claim to be Americans, lest they may not be
received, lakingthe British accounts for
true, there were many British sailors on
board of American ships during the last war,
(I do not mean the prisoners ;) but they arc
not believed to have been over scrupulous
about fighting the enemy.
A Modern Mahomet We see by late
IOndon papers that a schism has lately ta
ken place among ihe followers of Mahomet,
and a new sect set itself up in Persia, at
the head ol which is a 'merchant who had
returned from a pilgrimnge' to Mecca, and
proclaimed himsell a suscessor ol the proph
et. 1 he following account is given of the
treatment of those followers of a 'new
four persons being heard repeating their
profession of faith, according to the form
prescribed bv the imposter, were apprehen
ded, tried and found guilty of unpardonable
blasphemy. 1 hev were sentenced to lose
their beards by fire being set to them.
The sentence was put into execution with
all the zeal and fanaticism becoming a true
believer in Mahomet. XNot deeming the
loss of beards a sufficient punishment, they
were further sentenced the next day to
have their faces blacked and exposed thro'
out the city. Each of them was led by a
mirgnzah, (executioner,) who had made a
hole in his nose and passed through it a
string, which he sometimes pulled with
such violence that the unfortunate fellows
cried out alternately for mercy from the ex
ecutioner and vengeance from Heaven.
It is the custom in Persia, on such occasions,
lor the executioners to collect money from
the spectators, and particularly from the
shopkeepers in the bazaar. In the evening.
when the pockets ol the executioners were
well-filled with money, they led the unfor
tunate fellows to the city gate, and there
turned them adrift. After which the Mol
I hs at Shiraz sent men to Bushire with
power to seize the imposter, and take him
to Shiraz, where, on being tried, lie very
wisely denied the charge of apostac laid
against him, and thus escaped from punish
r. v v ir: r
A Substantial Stake Messrs. Miller
and Parrott have entered ir.to a slake to
come off next spring over the Fraklin (At
takapas) Course entrance one hundred
beeves. A contemporary thinks this stake
should be called a beef steak.
rOA gentleman complimented a lady
on her improved appearance.
"You are guilty of flattery," said the
"Not so," replied the gentleman; "fop 1
vow you are as plump as a partridge!"
"At first,- rejoined he larU h,
jou guilty 01 nailery oniy, out now 1 nnq
you actually making game of inc."
The editor of the N. Y. Gazette says:
our heart good to hear a young and happy mother
sing to her darling pet after the following man.
Where is the baby? Bess its heart
Where is inuzzer's darling boy?
Does it hold its ittle hands apart,
The dearest, bessen toy?
And so It docs; end will its ittle chin
Grow jest as fat as butter?
And will it poke its ittle fingers in
Its tunnin ittle mouth, and multer
Nicey wicey words,
Just like ittle yallar birds?
And so it will; and so it may,
No matter what its pappy, mammy say:
And does it wink its ittle eyesses
When it's mad and ups and criesses?
And does it squall like chick a dees
At every thing it sees?
Well it does? Why not, T pray?
Aint it muzzer's datlin evey day?
Oh! what's the matter! oh my! oh my !!
What makes my sweetest chicken ky?
Oh nasty, ugly pin, to pick it;
Its dulin muzzer's darlin cricket!
There! there! she's thrown it in
The fire; the kuel, wickid pin!
There! hush, my honey; go to seep,
Rocked in e kadle of a deep!
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESf DRT.
ay ana tcit the advice and consent of Ihc Senate.
James L. Edwards, commissioner of nen-
sions, to take eflect from and after the 3d of
March next, when his present commission
Cornelius W. Lawrence, collector of the
customs for the district of New York, vice
Cornelius P. Van Ness, resigned.
Denis 1'neur, collector of New Orleans,
Louisiana, vice Thomas Barrett. rpmnv,l
James E. Saunders, collector and insnpr.
tor for Mobile, Ala., vice Collier 11. Minge,
Gideon S. Bailey, mnrslial for the ili-itrir.t
of Iowa, vice Isaac Lefiler, removed.
lid ward Johnston, attorney of the U. S.
for the district of Iowa, vice John G. Desh
John Norvell, attorney of the U. S. for
the district of Michigan, vice Geo. C. Bate?,
hh More, marshal for the southern di-
trict of Michigan, vice Silas M. Stilwell,
John Catlin, secretary of the Territory of
Wisconsin, vice George R. C. Flovd. re-
Romulus M. Saunders, of North Caroli
na, to be envoy extraordinary and minister
plenipotentiary of the United States at the
court of her Catholic mniestv. in the nine
of Washington Irving, ut his own request,
SICK OF TEXAS.
E. M. Owk.v writes a most doleful letter
to VV. b. Wooi.huff, P. M. at littie Rcc.V.
Arkansas, which is published in the Arkan
sas Gazette, It is dated at New Orleans.
where he had arrived on his return back
at; am :
Thank God, savs Mr. Oiven. I am Iipip.
I shall be in Union county, Arkansas, in a
few days bag and baggage liavin' atrea-
dy enjoyed enough ol the blessings of Tex
as! I am satisfied, and shall permanently
settle myself in Union county, totally used
i'lease say to all our friend, that if thev
wish to go to Texas, just see it in the win.
ter, and not move until they have seen it.
I will write you again when I settle. 1
know this will surprise you j but 1 have
never seen a country so much overrated as
lexas. Hundreds ol persons wan d return
f they could, but thev cannot. A noor
man has no business here if he knew it.
limber is bad and water also, and the
cowntry is all located can be purchased
for from $ to 10 per acre ; but if a man
cannot purchase four or five hundred acres,
he cannot get enough limber then he
must rent at high rates, which will keep
inn ainiitsn renter, wnen he can settle on
and in Arkansas, if he has not a dollar, ami
make a living by work. I have not time
to give you a general description of the
face of the country, but 1 will only say this
here: that from the Sabine to tho Rio
Grande, there is no stream that will do for
navigation : and Arkansas, is decidedly a
better cotton country than any part of Tex
as west of the Brazos, and the facilities cf
commerce far superior to any portion ol
Texas. I stopped a few days at Houston
and Galveston, the only two commercial
points, the lormer contains about 1,000
inhabitants, ihe latter about the size of Lit
tle Rock. The country, as far as San An.
tonia west, and Trinity east, trade to Hous
ton, uuu naui over me most miserable road
1 am aware that a l I lav .,ti 1,.
aeniea.even oy persons who have not seen
, . - - - tun
tne country. To all such 1 ur,..i,i ..
don't tuke your families until you go and
wj 1, yuuiseives. t w;sn 1. could write to
all my friends, but if you will tell Ruther-
Fan. 4 . .... 1 . .1 s- . .
urn ay, m vie Banner, that J have re
turned, and request all those of mv friend
...1 i- 1 ,- . .
wiiw icei inclined to emigrate, not to move
without seeing the country in the winter,
it will probably save some of mv noor s
line friends from a long move that they will
regret all their lives, lor I know that some
01 tnem would not be able to return.
I'm .u-taken, as the newly married
iu nil iiusunnu.
"ou are spirit-ually blind," as the.
preacher said to tho gutter loafer.
THE NATIONAL ROAD LETTER
FROM DR. RliLFE. ; : t
Washington City Cth March 1840.
To John II Tice, Fsq :
Sin A few days ago, I received a letter from
a gentleman writing from St. Charles county,
with whom I have not the pleasure of personal
acquaintance, asking among other things,
whether I was in favor of the location of a na
tional road upon the north or upon the south
side of ihe Missouri river, The letter having
liecn mislaid, I cannot recall the name of the
geniluman, and at any rate preferring to give a
public, rather than a private answer to a ques
tion evidently calculated to do me great injus
tice, if misundersiood or misrepresented, I
choose, therefote, to reply in this frank ai.d
Herowith will be found a report upon the
Cumberland road, from that truly active and
useful member the Chairman of the commit
tee on rouds and canals the Hun. Robert
Smith of Illinois. That report, occupying less
'.ban eight pages, in large type, and which will
make but two or three coin inns in your paper
in small type, you will much oblige me by pub
lishing. It is able, temperate, and judicious,
and if adopted, will produce consequences of an
importance not easy 10 foresee or to predict.
Before writing tiiat report, to submit it to
his committee fur their consideration, Mr. Smith,
addressed a lutlur to each member of the House
of Representatives from the sia;e of Missouri,
Illinois and Indiana, and to several in Uhio, all
of whom, except perhaps one from Indiana, re
turned answers in (uvor of an appropriation of
land, as recommended in the very important
report, which 1 have ventured to hope you
That report proposes lo give to Ohio 344,
000 acres, Indiana 921,000 acres, Illinois 1,
380,300 acres, and to Missouri 1,331,832 acres,
en the condition that tbe three first named will
finish (he Cumberland ,oad through thoso
stales, and the last statoto linisli it to :he city
of Jefferson within eight years.
This able repoit meets my hearties', concur
rence. The receipt of 1.321,832 acres of laud
would do much indeed for our flourishing youuj
state it is an event earnestly to be desired,
and dilligi-iitly to be struggled for. For one,
sir, I pledgn my best exertions in behalf of a
measure fraught with so many blessings to a
stale by which I have been so much honored,
and for w hich I feel I can never do enough.
And, sir, so that wo can obtain so muiiificeuta
grant of land for our tUtc, 1 am entirely con
lent that its Legislature may loca'.o I ho mad
upjn tho north or upon the south siJa nf the
Missouri river, as to it may seem best. I hopa
myjfriends on bo: It sides may be entirely satis-
fid with the declaration, that so long as I re
main in my present station, 1 shall never inter
fere with the state Legislature, or any member
thereof, to procure the success or defeat oCany
measure, ol any nature whatever. I would in
dignanlly repel any improper interference be
tween nia and my constituanls, and I disdain
all efforts of that kind towards others.
As this is of moment to olhers, as well as to
the citizens of my own imediato district to
whigs and lo ihe na'.ivc, as well as 10 the dem
ocrats 1 shall try and write a copy or two of
this letter for other papers. Is it asking tou
much of the presajin Missouri, to whose liber
ality and courle-y 1 owo and cheerfully render
my hearty acknowledgments to copy the ro .
port, and so much of ihis letter, if any part, as
they deem interesting to their patrons 1
I will only aild, that some tl"the estimates
and tables which Mr. .Smith most judiciously
annexed to the report, will be found of great
interest and value.
1 have the honor to bo most resjiectluliy
your obed't si;rv'. JAS. II. RKLI'K.
From ihr; Baltimore Sun.
Loss of Tin-: Stbammup President. We
have been shown a copy of the Coik (Irelandl
Examiner, of January i'Jd, which stales that
the Madrid Uuzef.e asserts that tho Minister of
tho interior had received a communication
from ihe politicul cheil of Ouipuzcoa, announ
cing tfiat a buttle had been found floating in
the water near Mornnco, fc'pain, containing
paper, of the contents of which the following
words only cmi!i be deciphered : 11
Ship President. H e are blocked up iu ice.
and we can': live much time
Kind friends i!l aoquaitu
We are dying of h iii"-r
1 am fainting
Tho boule was found by
and handed to the Alcalde ul"
leagues from St. Sebastian,
per ImsJ been conimunicuicd
Monlrico. a few
A copy of the pa
to the British
Tne London Literary Cazct'.e, in alluding
to this account, says :
"The probability is, that the unfortunate
steamer went down nenrly where last seen,
and ow ing to the weight of her machinery, is
fl.iating now, unbroken and wiihout fragment
sent to the surface, at a sad mid depthof ocean,
as the strong current of these seas wafts her
bulu loan'llro. At some future, time when
the perishing toii is wporared from the hea
vy iron, and the latter in ks, the last vestices
of the President may be met w ith on the Atlan
tic wave. Th:s opinion is much strengthened
by the following notice from ibe Pacific ocea:, :
' On the 30ih of December, a part of the hulk
of the llambro, or Cleopatra's Barge, wrecked"
some lil'letm or twenty years a"j, started. u;i
1 rem its wa'.erv 01-d an J w.wii-.l nn 1I1 .
hore. Many of the oak timbers are in nuito
a sound state, except j far as perforated by
1 ho ci,;, 1 " 1 '
Anecdote.-udvemor Chittenden, lhn
first of tho Viame who fillpil tho oiTlcr nf
Chief Magistrate of Vermont had two
sons, named Martin and Truman. Tho
first of these was deemed less brightly cu
do:,cd by nature than the other, and n
College education given him to remedy the
supposed deficiency. Truman who never
lacked in mother w it, was placed upon the
farm. It chanced one time that the Gov
ernor had on his farm a calf, so little en
dowed with even animal instinct, as to be
unablo to drnw sustenance from its moth
er's teats. Not all the efl'orts of the Gov
ernor and his help could make the creature
"Truman," said his father, "what shall we
do with this foolish calf to learn him to
"I don't know really, father," replied tho
son, with tho utmost "gravity, "unless you
send him to College, with Martin."
A thief ono night entered Ihe chamber
of a printer, and commenced a vigorous
search. Tho man being awakened by tho
noise, very coolly accosted tho impudent
thief as follows: "My friend, what do you
expect to find here in tho iii'lit, vshen I
rnnnMl find anvtbin at daylight?"