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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
BENSON & GREEN.
Om East corner of th Public Square, oppositt the
TERMS OF PUBLICATION.
Forone year, if paid in advance, $2 00
t uut poiu uoiuro me clone oi me year, 9 00
TERMS niP IHVPDTiortn
1 Square of lii lines, or less, one dollar for the
ftpat. Aflppnta fin nnMi Mn)ioan..nt 1
' - -11 " ih;m l iii?eruun.
Businessand Professional Cards inserted at $10
05"To Merchants and business men, whoadver
tise by tlia year, liberal deductions will be made.
Of every description, executed with neatness and
Inarm rfri . anil nn tha mniit on, kl - a..
Handsomely printed, kept constontly on hand, and
for sale low.
04r Messrs. Wm. D. Malont and N. B. Coates,
M.ra mil ft 111 linrivnrl A nnn ir, :it-
v v iii-iHa, ai ii u ii is v ill u
Doc I. Win. Everett,
T A V I T I J Innalofl nnrm.nnnlln I n Pnunll. ft P
JLJL fers liis professional services to the citizens
I I. , 1
vi inn piuce aiiu vicinity,
1 i . .1 1 I ., 1
u-Vwiiice un ine puuuc pquare, inree aoori
above the store of Hughes, Birch &. Ward, where
llA ...... II.. 1. f .. 1
Residence 2d door below the Bank.
Fayette, May 16th, 1840. 10 tf
boc t . a . "s". bTn w i aa i7,
GRATEFUL forpast patronage, still continues
to offer his MEDICAL SERVICES to
the citizens of Howard Cminty.
(t5-ORice on the South East side of the public
square, where he can usually be found in the day;
at night at his residence, west of the Baptist
vnurch, at the former residence ot Lrcn. Wilson.
Fayette, March 21st, 1840. 2 10m
li. D. Ilrcwcr,
ATTORNEY AT i.V.
ILL attend to any business entrusted to
him in the Second Judicial District.
Browning & Busiinel, Quincy, Illinois.
A. W.Morrison, Esq.,) F t.
Col. J. Davis, tayette.
W. Picket, Benton, Miss.
Col P. H. Fountain, Pontatock, Miss.
McCamfeelt. Si. Coatis, Huntsville, Mo.
07-Office McC'imtbel's Buildings, Huntsville,
Mo. Randolph co., Dec- l'-Jlb, '40. 40 ly
Drug!, medicines, Rooks, &c,
AT REDUCED PRICES,
BY WM. R. SNELSON,
JUST received and now opened, a large and
well selected stock of
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Patent Medicines,
Paints, Dye-stuffs, Perfumery, Glass, c,
which having been purchased and carefully select
ed by himself in person and will be sold aia great
reduction on former prices.
Particular attention paid to filling orders from
Physicians, with fresh medicines, at a small ad
vance on cost.
A full assortment of School Books of every de
scription, which will bo sold lower than they can
be purchased this side of St. Louis. Arrange
ments have been made which will insure at all
times a complete assortment.
Also, Medical, Law, and Theological Books,
Novels, Poetical works of different authors. Al
bums, &c, Sic, all of which are offered at prices
which cannot fuil to please.
Fayette, April 11th. 1846.
WISTAR'S ilALSAM OP
THE GREAT REMEDY FOR
AMONG all the famous medicine for Consump
tion, none seems to be meeting with greater
niccess. or paining a higher reputation than that
most wonderful article,
WISTAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY.
That it stands at the head of all other remedies,
. : : 11.. lr tins cured thou-
IS nOW U 1 1 1 V L I !. 1 1 Y i,wiiu..u.
sands upon thousands, of all classes, in cases ot
the most aangeruiisiy vousuuiulkv v..-. -
physicians of the greatest eminence, throughout
our whole country, unhesitatingly pronounce it the
tnxT POWERFUL CURATIVE
of Pulmonary diseases in the whole range of
1 ." il. Wflnlflrn Statu hflvfi
Pharmacy, me ie m ..". - . . --
thus far been iinpnralleled; and the most grati.yinp
proofs of its efficacy have been received from ev
ery place where it has bieii used. Thousands of
have already tested its exalted viTiues, and con-
. . . : .. Avnallania unit limMzinfr
power. The remarkable success of this Balsam is
ho doubt owing, in a great measure, iu uib pecu
liarly agreeable and powerful nature of its ingre
dieotf . It is a .. n ir , VR,
Composed chiefly of Wild Cherry Bark and the
w..i 1 ir,... tha Utter imiiorted ex
genuine junuut v-.. :.r , .
Lressly fur this purpose.) the rare medical virtues
of which are also combined, by a new chemical
process, with the Extract 0) Tar, thus rendering
r. L. . 1 n..nA ,.m mnul certain and eitica-
the wnuio ciiiiw.. ... -
cious ever uiscuvctou .
Consumption of the Lungs, Liver Affections,
And all diseases of the Respiratory Organs.
. . ti , . t it, bps tliis fipfttl Amur,
tteaderi ne ui'i ' -
con KWi supplanting every other Balsam before
lliepumc. . K k1,nj,i..j
And wny snouia x nut, ,
thousands of cures, in cases heretofore cons.dered
hopeless, ere being performed ia all parts of the
United States. . , e
Certificates of which record volumes in favor of
this iuslly celebrated remeny.
frVThe genuine Wistar's Balaam h sold in
"o nl iUSlt.V. Genera
Aeenls. Ano ior aio uy -
. 6 , 1 r s,m P.vpiip: R. P. Han-
. 1 I. I... ik.:. a .anil in ttlA t.ll.
sukamp & Co., Glasgow; McCampbkll &
Coates, Huntsville; W. U. Hill vo., iveyics
ville. December 12th, 1346.
? iii'npiii.nnk at this.
K. . . " ... - - . - "
T7UFTY OR SIXTY Tons Merchantable HEMP
1 4 ii 1 L. ,! V...
Will IW UUIblWD-m y
J. RIDDLESBARGER Si Co
Fayelt, November 2h, 146.
BOON'S jLICK TIMES.
Dull time in flnggow-.
From Hanenkainp's corner to Washington Hall,
The Merchants are quarreling about nothing at all,
Some have got hot at the "Revelation" of Jews,
And withdrawn their patronage from the "News."
Others, curse Claib Jackson and on him do vent
Their vengeance, for putting interest at six per cent;
While some are quarreling for quarreling's sake,
And others about whole sections of ginger cake.
The Farmers and Planters are very much pleased,
As they say, by the Shylocks, they have been hard
But a certain Bolus and Daniel, not of the den,
Swear by their old hats it was too low at ten.
Soma Merchants iu town catch customers by the
Saying pay us the cash or give us your notes.
For soon rates of Interest will drop down to six,
And according to that, we our profits must fix.
The Planters they say ten per cent is too high.
And they'll not give their notes till after July.
But they'll sell their Tobacco, tho' its too low, upon
And buy goods hereafter at Carroll's cheap corner.
Glasgow, February 6th, 1847.
A Rescue to the Afflicted!
IIGBRE XV PLASTER.
A Certain Remedy for all fixed Pains in the
Rheumatism in all its varied forms, Nervous
Affections, Lung and Liter complaints, Spinal
Affections, Female weaknesses, d-c, &c. For the
above complaints this plaster has no equal. The
great celebrity Which it has already acquired not
only in the old but in the new world, the extra
ordinary cures it has performed in the most ex
treme cases of suffering, have acquired fur it such
reputation, that the proprietor has not (until
recently) been able to supply half the demand.
Xhe sales throughout every city, town, and vil
lage in the United Slates are without a parallel ! !
A circumstance not surprising, when the vast
amount of human suffering relieved by its use be
considered. In spinal detects the benefit usually
is of the most decided character. In Nervous
complaints, nineteen cases out of twenty readily
yield to the penetrating slimula combined in this
In liiieumatism either acute or enrome the claims
of the Hebrew Plaster have long since been uni
versally acknowledged. Those who are laboring
under weak backs, no matter from what cause
the weakness may have originated, (even if such
person have been misguided in previous appli
cations) in the use of the Hebrew Plaster they
will find the anected part suddenly restored to its
As a supporter in cases 01 consiuuiumai iceax-
ness it will be louna 01 great auvaniage. it is
particularly recommended to Females who are
suffering from sudden weakness, or general de
bility. In short, it embraces all the virtues which
the most scientific mind was capable of compound
ing from valuable substances found in the old
world, and will be found entirely free from those
objections which are a source of complaint with
tho numerous sreau-piasters now ueiore tnc pub
lic. ft7-These plasters possess the advantage of
being put up in ti"ht Boxes, hence, they retail!
their full-xirtues in all climates.
Corner of Third and Chestnut sts.
St. Louis, Gen'l Ag'ts for the Western States.
ftT-Pureliasers are advised none can be genuine
unless purchased from them or their Agents.
Agents. Va. wm. k. bnelson, rayette. n.
P. Hanenkamf & Co., Glasgow. McC'amfbell
Coates, Huntsville. W. C. Hill &. Co.,
January 16th, 1S47.
RIDDLESBARGER. " J. D. PERRY.
J. Kiddlcsbargcr & Co.,
Are now opening, at their old stand, a well
selected stock of SEASONABLE GOODS, to
which they invite the attention of the public, as
they are determined to sell unusually low.
lilue, macx ana gray mix a uiotns,
Blue, black and fancy Casimeres,
Blue, black and Steel mix'd Saltinett,
Blue, gray and gold mix'd Jeans,
Blue and white Blankets,
Blue and black blanket coating,
Beaver and Pilot Cloths,
Red, yellow and white flannels,
Wool and Cashmere Shawls,
Linen and Silk pocket hd'kfs..
Ladies' and gentlemen's winter gloves,
Ladies' Alpaca and Cashmere Stockings,
Cashmere and Alpaca Robes,
White, black and pink Crapes,
Cashmere, Alpaca and Da Laines, assorted.
Calicoes and Ginghams, assorted,
Plain and plaid Linseys,
Table and Towel Diaper,
Bonnets, Ribbons and Flowers,
Fur and Wool Hats,
Cloth and Fur Caps,
Boots and Shoes,
Brown and bleached Domestic,
Osnaburgs, Drillings and Bed Tickings,
Cotton Yarn, Batting and Candlewick,
Indigo, Madder and Alum,
Saleratus, Rice and Ginger,
Hardware and Cutlery,
Q.eenswre. China, Glassware and a gen
eral assortment of Family Groceries.
Fayette, October Ulst, 144U.
(tlrWe will receive in exchange for goods
Flax-seed, Beeswax, Linens, Feathers, &.c.t &c.
ALL who want that valuable plaster, can get
the Pennine article at Carroll's corner for
half price, and nothing shorter.
Ulasgow, jnov. aist, 1010.
WMaTBaltaiu or Wild
IF any body wants any more of Wistar, just
call at Carroll's corner, and no where else, for
the real article. Glasgow, Nov. 21st, 1S4U.
That I" lien nl ifiil!!
TKT HERE did you tret that dress cousin Sally!
W lam surprised at you to ask; don't you
know Uarroll Is selling 'to cent cauco inr a on.
Glasgow, Nov. 21st, 1840.
We wish to purchase Beeswax, Flaxseed, Hemp,
Flax and Tow Linen, Socks, Jeans and Linscy,
Wheat, Feathers, for which we will give the
highest prtco. DA I O W. HICKMAN.
Fayette, March 6th, 147.
CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN
From Yank 00 Dotidle.
THE RETURN OF SANTA ANNA.
As sung by a high official chaiacler at a Cabi.
net Council, held on the receipt of the rows that
Santa Anna had organized an army of 30,000
men at San Luis Polosi.
Air. "Roy't Wife."
Mexico's great Santa Anna,
Keen, cock fighting Santa Anna,
Wot ye how he cheated me.
When he left the gay Havana?
He vow'd, he swore, he wad be mine.
He said he lo'ed mc best of onie,
He won my heart he'd won my cash,
Had it not been for Yankee Johnio!
Oh the cunning Santa Anna, &c.
Millions twa in shining gold,
He btg'd in sweet, persuasive manner,
And California should be mine
A present from my Santa Anna!
Oh the cunning Santa Anna, &e.
VVha could doubt his promise fair,
Such charmingdes Mexicana?
I ask'd my Congress for the cash,
And sent a pass for Sanla Anna!
Oh tha cunning Sanla Anna, &c.
Oh, he is a canlie chiel,
And well in war can flaunt his banner,
Thousands brave will rue the hour
I gave our foe his Santa Anna!
Oh the cunning Santa Anna, &c.
His speech sae smooth, his need sae small,
The mony lands he said he'd gie me!
To me he ever will be dear,
Although he's bilk'd and left his Jemmy!
Oh the cunning San'.a Anna,
Keen, cock fighting Santa Anna,
II010 the rogue out wilted me,
When he left the gay Havana!
MISSOURI MILITIA LAW.
An act to amend an act entitled " An act
to Regulate, Govern and Discipline the
Miliatia of the state of Missouri," ap
proved March 27, 1845.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of
me state 01 Missouri, as follows:
5 1. Ao person shall be compelled to
perform military duty, except in cases of
war, insurrection or invasion.
6 2. All free white male able bodied citi
zens who chose to perform military duty,
may do so by attaching themsolvcs to some
volunteer company, and subscribing and
submitting to its constitution and by-laws,
3. All persons who wish to be exemp
ted from the performance of military duty,
may be so exempted for one year, by pay
ing to the collector of his county a commu
tation fee of twentj-five cents in lieu of
the four musters of lour days of spivice re
quired of him under the present miiitia law.
4. Each assessor shall add to the asses
sor's book two columns, in which he shall
take down every free white male able bod
ied citizen between tho ages of 18 and 45,
resident in this state and not exempt from
serving in the milmtia by the laws of the
United Stales ; placing such as belong to
any organized volunteer company in one
column, not to be nssessed ; and such as
belong to no organised volunteer company
in the other column, to be assessed.
5. A volunteer company shall be deemed
organized when it has the rqijirite number of
officers and men, and a constitution and by-laws
approved and signed by the commander-in-chief.
J 6. The assessor shall make nn assessment
against any person who presents a certificate
from the captain of an organized volunteer
comnanv. that he is a mender of said coinna.
ny, but he shall assess tho commutation fo of j
25 cents against all such Iree white malo able
bodied citizens as belong to no organized volun
teer company ; in caseihe person to be assess
ed, claims to belong to a volunteer company,
but has no certificate with him, the assessor
may examine him on oath, as in other coses of
assessment, and if satisfied that such person
does belong to an organized volunteer company,
he shall then mark hun down 111 the column not
to be assessed.
8 7. The collector of tho revenue for each
county, shall collect and pay over the commuta
tion money as other slate revenue is required
to be collected and paid over.
8 8. The revenue collected under this act,
shall be a military fund, and shall ba kept sep
erate and opart by the Treasurer, to be applied
to military purposes as herein before provided.
5 9. All moneys drawn Irom the military
fund shall be by a warrant from the Auditor to
be drawn on the eirtifieate of the officer author
ized to contract the debt, that the claim is cor
rect ; or else upon other testimony given upon
oath, and satisfactory to the Auditor, as to the
correctness of the claim.
10. For each volunteer company there
shall be one captain; one first, second, third and
fourth sergeant, one first, second, third and
fourth corporal, and one chiel musician and as
many assistants as the chief may choose with
the consent of his captain.
i 11. 1 he captain and three lieutenants shall
bo elected by the company, a majority of all
the voles being required to make an election,
and shall be commissioned officers ; the four
sergeants, four corporals, and chief musician,
shall be selected by the captain and lieutenants,
who shall give each a cirtifieate of appoint
ment, and one or more ol the lieutenants. The
assistant musicians shhll be selecieii by tha
chief musician with the consent of the captain,
who shall give eacn a certificate ol his appoint
1 12. The commissioned ottieers 01 a regi
ment shall bo a colonel, a lieutenant colonel.
and a major, and the lieutenant colonel shall
command the first battallion, and the major the
second, and the commissioned officers of an ex
tra battallion, shall be a lieutenant colonel; of
a brigade, a brigadior general; and of a divis
ion, a major general.
$ 13. Sixty-four privates, and from that
REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT
SATURDAY, .11 A ICC II 80, 1817.
number to one hundred and four, with tha re
quisile officers, shall constitute a company; four
comnaiiios ami not mnre than tix, shall consti
(uto a battallion 1 eight companies, and nol
more than twelve, shall constitute a rcgimeni;
two regiments shall make a brigade, and two
ongad' s a division ; provided that rortyfive
privates may bo organized into a company in
time of peace, and companies thus organized,
snail Re entitled 10 an the priviledges that 01 h
er companies are under this act.
J 14. Kither two or threp companies, not
convenient to a battallion or regiment to which
they can be attached, may, with tho consent of
the commander-in-chicl, bo formed into an ex
Ira battallion, with the privilclge of electing a
Meutennnt-cnlonel, to continue in office till the
battallion consists of four companies, when a
new election may be held.
15. The battalion, regimental, brigade and
division officers, shall be elected by the volun
teers ol their respective corps, and the returns
for these and company officers shall be made,
and the commissions issued, in the manner now
provided by law for like officers.
5 1G. Music, and musical instruments for
each company, and regimental band of musi
cians, and the rules and regulations of the
army, and books and discipline for the officers,
shall be purchased under the direction of the
commander-in-chief, and shall be paid for on
his order, out ol the military fund.
16. t he captain of each volunteer compa
ny shall report to the commander-in-chief the
exact number of officers and privates belong
ing to his company, on the first day of October
in each year, giving the name and rank of each
5 18. The commander-in-chief shall deter
mine the amount of the military fund on hand
to be expended from time to time in purchasing
materials, as authorized by this law, for the
use of the companies; fixing the amount for
companies consisting of the requisite number
of officers and sixty-four privates, and increas
ing the amount lor each company having a
greater number of privates in proportion to
that number, till it reaches one hundred and
5 19. In distributing the arms of the stale.
the companies first reported, shall be first sup
plied; and so with the music, musical instru
ments, tules and regulations of the army, and
books of discipline; i'coviJed, however, that in
case the military fund may not be sulficient to
supply each officer with a copy of the rules and
regulations ol the army, and of the discipline,
then the commander-in-chief may order the
distribution, first among the higher officers ;
supplying the lower officers as the fund accu
SO. Each company court of assessment
shall have jurisdiction over all delinquencies of
its own non-commissioned officers and privates,
whether at a division, brigade, regimental, bat
talion or company muser, to be regulated by
their own bye-laws, approved by the commander-in-chief.
21. Each regimental or extra battalion
court of assessment, shall have jurisdiction
over all delinquencies of field, regimental or
battalion stall ollicers and commissioned offi
cers of companies, and of anneals from the de
cision of company cnurts of assessment, to be
regulated by tho rulus established by tho field
officers and captains belonging to any regi
ment or extra battalion, to be approved by the
22. Each vulunteer company shall hold
not less than four regular mu?ters annually, the
limes and places of meeting to be fixed by
the bye-laws; each battalion and regiment shall
muster once annually, and such extra battal
ion shall hold one muster to correspond with
the regiment muster, over and above the bat
talion musters; these musters may be at the
times now fixed by law, unlets changed by a
muj'.iri'.y of ihe field officers and cuptuins.
23. No volunteer company shall ba requir
ed to attend uny battalion or regimental mus
ter, when tho place of rondezvuos for the regi.
nieiil or battalion shall bo more than 15 mile
distant from the usual place of rendezvous for
the company, unless so ordered by a vote ot
two-thirds of the company ; but in such cases,
each company shall be required to hold a com-
pany uiualor in lieu of such battulion or icgi
mental mucter not attended, at wbich the pro
per (bid cflicer shall attend and superintend
24. A regimental drill shall be held on the
three days proceeding the regimental muster,
und a battalion drill on the day preceeing the
5 25. Crigade inspectors shall be allowed 3
dollars per day tor attending regimental drills
and musters, and adjutants shall be allowed 2
dolnrs per day for attending battalion drills
and musters, and chief musicians shall be al
lowed 2 dollars per day, and assistant musi
cians one dollar per day for each regimental
ana nauanon unit ana muster.
26. The commander-in-chief may employ
one chief musician and five assistant musicians.
who shall be instructors ol the chief division,
brigade, regimental, battalion and company
bands of musicians, under the direction of the
commander-in chief, who shall assign to each
of said musicians his appropriate duties, and
the section of county in which he is to operate;
when any band is sufficiently instructed to dis
pense with the services of an instructor, the
commander-in-chief may order such instruct
or to take charge ol oilier bands belonging to
newly organized companies ; and as the bands
of instrucied musicians increase, so as to supply
the demands of the volunteer companies, the
commander-in chief may dispense with the ser
vices or the instructors.
27. The chief musician provided for in the
foregoing section, shall be entitled to receive
not more than two dollars and fifty cents per
day for his servcies, and his assistants to nol
more than two dollars per day for their servi
ces, to be agreed upon with the commander-in
chief ; the amount to be paid not of the military
fund, upon the order of Ihe commander-in
5 28. When the leader of any bandofmusi
cians shall be qualified to instruct his assist
ants, the commander'in-chief being satisfied of
that fact, may withdraw the instructor, and
transfer him to some newly organized com
S 29. When practicable to do so, the music
musical instruments, rules and regulations of
the army, and ol discipline, may be purchased
in quantities at a time, nnder the direction of
the coiiimanaec-iii-criiei, ana disiribuiea to the
7V' - Jefferso.."
companies in the proportions to which their
numbers entitle them, ihe large companies be
ing entitled to a greater number of books and
instruments than the smaller ones.
30. Staff officers and musicians, instead
of being commissioned, shll be epppoimed un
der the ceriiticnle of thoir reactive chiefs, and
their services may be dispensed with when the
public services seems to require it, and others
j 31, For all expenses incurred under this
act, the Andiu-r nl Public
.-ACCnilTHS mil- rtrnw
his warrant, on the proper evidence, on the
State Treasurer, who shall pay the same out of
me military luncl; but no expense shall be in.
t-urreo unaer mis act beyond the probable
amount of the military fund to meet it.
32. In case of war, insurrection or inva
sion, the commander in-chief may appoint bre
yet officers to organize any part of the miliii i
into companies, hattalionj. regiment. hritraHu
and divisions, who shall, when thus organized,
elect their own officers, and ho ntliprwnae
placed upon the footing ol' the present militia.
33. The commander-in-chief shall have
power to appoint an agent to purchase mimi,-.
musical instruments, the rules and regulations
of the army, and books of discipline, requireo
under this act to be purchascj.
34. Should the militurv fund acoru'ms nn.
der this act, exceed the amount requirod to be
expended in carrying out its provisions, the
State shall take the overplus, if needed, as a
load, bearing 6 per cent, interest, to be used s
ordinary revenue ; both principal and interest
lo be returned in eood faith to ilia mllit.rv
5 35. If the military fund should aceumu.
late to an extent to justify such a course, ihe
Legislature shall prcvide by law ior tho appli
cation of such fund to the erection or support
ol some school, where proper military instruc
tion may be imparted to such young men ol the
country as choose lo qualify themselves in ihe
art 01 war.
i 36. Every person renuiaeJ ti nrfurni
scrvicos under this act. if not a commissioned
officer, shall bo entitled from the person em-
piuj nig or appointing mm, 10 a certificate of
his oppointmeiit, and shall lake before some
judicial officer, or clerk of a court, and siirn the
oath of office, to be endorsed on his certificate
of appointment rr emplyment.
37. The adjutant general shall rank a
colonel ; the division inspector, as lieutenant
colonel ; and the quarter master and cuimnis-
sary general as colonel.
38. The second section of the first article,
and so much of the remainder of the act, enti
tled ''an act to regulate, govern and discipline
the militia of th" State of Missouri.'1 aDDruved
March 27, 1845, as is inconsistent wilh the pro
visions of this uct, is hereby repealed.
5 39. The militari secretary shall bo enti
tled to 2 per day fur the limn the commander
in chief may necessarily keep him employed
in the discharge of dis duties.
Sec 4.0. Every person who mav wish lo
avail himself of the benefit of this act, and get
an exemption fioin the performances of military
duty during the year 1S1T, iniiy du so by causing
himself lo be assessed lo the amount of ihe coin
mntaiion fee, which ihe assessor, on Application
of such person, shall asses, and the collector
shall collect and pay over, as oilier State revenue
is assessed, collected and paid over.
Sec. 41. h shall be the dutv of each assessor
duriiia the present year, from tho lime he may he
lurnisneu Willi this act, to explain to each able
bodied free white male citizen, over the oca of
eighteen, and under forty five, the provisions of
this law in relation to exemptions for ihe present
year, and to assess hi 01 as aloresnid if In) requests
it, and to give him a certificate of such fact,
which certificate of assessment shsll he an ex-
empiion from the performance of military du:y
luring me present year.
Mic. 42. Each assessor shall be allowed sev
en per cent. on the amount of l!ie military fund
assessed by hnn, and collected and paid i-ver
by the collector for the year 10-17 ; and each
collector, the usual fees out of the balance ol
aid fund, both to be allowed by the Auditor ol
?ec. -13. The commander-in chief shall or
der this act to be published, wherever it can be
done in the shortest tune, immediately after
its passage, and shall cause copies to be for
warded lo each assessor and c-jlL-otur through
out the state, tho expense to be paid oul ol"
the fund for the printing, at the usual rates ;
the printing shall be done in pamphlet form and
8,000 copies shall be printed at the same time,
lor general distribution.
Sec. 44. I he 40, 4 1, 42, 13, sections of this
act snail go into operation from the pasag.
and the remainder on tho first day of Novem
Si;c. 45. Ail persons that are now. or mav
hereafter be in the service of the L'nited Status
in time of war, by a requisition of the Gover
nor of this State, and who have or may here
after serve for the period of one year or moie,
shall be exempt from all the operations and
liabilities ot this law.
Approved, February 11, 1847.
Treason. A Locofoco editor says, that
the majority of the Missouri Legislature,
who voted that those who wrote or spoke
against Mr. Polk's war were traitors, have
immortalixed themselves. I unrh says thev
needed not this act to render them immor
tal: they were so before, and gives the f i.
lowing authority: Sam Weller, in one of
his colloquies wilh Pickwick, asks, "did
vmi ever see a Jackass die, sir! "ao.
Did you ever know anv bodv that did
see one die; "An. "Did you ever see
dead Jackass?" "No." "Nor ever saw
anv ne who ever did see a dead Jackass?
"Can't say I ever did." "Nosii, nor never
will," says Sam. Sir, a friend of mine,
who was a post-boy sixty years, and had
all sorts of chances to see, once rode fifty
miles to see a dead jackass, but ven he got
vere he vos, ho vos as alive as you and I,
sir, eating grass. Sir, Jackasses is immor
tal they never dies, sir." Republican.
The Holy Scriptures, frequent contem-
ptauons on tne woru o, nature, ana a cue
1 .- . - -l i. ..r . j ,
attention to tne aictaies 01 conscience, are , gu(Veri f constipation, has head ache,
our surest guide, to discover the will of!,H ht ftUacki of feve'r or dyspepsia, tha
God, and our duty to him, om selves, and Me roay of,en b reinowd by eating ry
to our fellow-creatures. . fc anniolaHei baked apre,( and frui(.
Remarks or Me. Campbell, or St. Louis.
Mr. Campbell staled lhal he would vote to sub.
mil ihls proposition to the people, nol because ho
approved or sanctioned il, for lie considered it
still grossly unjust and unequal, and he did not
wish 10 bo considered as recommending it: but
he voted for it because he considered it desirable
that some proposition on this subject ehould go
before the people; end as ull oihcr propositions
lhat were more just, equal and liberal had failed,
and iliey were about lo adjourn, he thought il bet
ter to submit even this, bad as il wa, rsther than
do nothing. He thought lhat representation ought
lo be equal; lhat every county should h-ive repre
sentatives in proportion to her white population,
ann that any departure from that equality was a
violation of (he fundamental doctrines of republi.
can government. In this respect this amendment
was objectionable; it was unjust to the larger
countie, and especially so to St. Liuis county,
and the very faet that this unequal proposition
w.is tl.e only one ilia; could find favor in the
I General Assembly, was a strong poof of the per
nicious iiilUence of unequal representation. II
ihe people themselves could be heard on this sub.
ject, an overwhelming majority of ihcm would
declare for fair and equal representation accor
ding lo population; but ihe voice of the freemen
of ihe country was stifled by the existing inequal.
ity. and if any proposition to change the relativa
representation of the counties is lo be obtained,
it necessarily slops far shoit of justice and equal
ity. It is very unjust lhat this should be so, but
still it is so. From necessity, then, we are for
ced to propose tint which is unequal or to pro.
pose nothing, and leave the reform to be eHjcted
by bloodshed and revolution. It is not to be ex
pected lhat the people of this country will tolerate
the rx:sting inequality; they ought net lo do so,
and will not, if they are worthy 10 enjoy repub
lican government; a reform must take place, and
the question is, whether il shall be a peaceable
constitutional reform, or one effected through
violence and political strife; he had hoped for a
more just and liberal course from those who now
held an undue share of power, but had been dis.
appointed; and after all other measures failed, lie
would vote for this as a last resort. In so doing
he merely placed the proposition before the peo
pie for them freely to choose between it and our
present outrageous inequality of representation;
it was one step towards equal representation, and
might hereafter enable us to take another step;
one small advance was better than nothing, and
when there was no hope of settins anything bet
ter ho took this. He would vote for tha proposi
tion, hut under protest, and would i.ot consider it
as a measure with which tha pcopl? Onsht to be
sa'irfioJ, even if ohta-ned. It would be a very
objectionable proposition la the Inrgs counties,
still il would g ve them abont thirty additianal
members, and would serve as a palliative lo the
malady under which the State was sufljrine. The
effect of this proposition was to leave it to the
people whether ihpy would thus regain a small
portion of their rights and then contend for more.
or reject it and demand a more radical and satis
An net to simplily proceedings at law.
1. That hereafter no special plea shall
he pleaded in any action brought or pen
ding in nny of tho cottrts of this state.
2. That any person holdinp nny land,
note or instrument of writing, lor the pay
ment of money or property, may institute
suit on the strne in or.v Circuit Court of
Common Picas, having competent jurisdic
tion, without filing nnv petition in debt or
a declination in writing on the same.
3. Upon filing the instrument aforesaid
with the clerks of snid courts, tiiey shall is
sue a summons ngiinst the defendant or de
fenda'iis. to which shall be appendeJ a co
py of the instrument so filed.
4. The provisions of the second section
above rei i'.ed shad coinptehenl a 1 promis
sory note, iipgiiiiabln notes, bills of ex
clnnge, notes discounted in any 15i:.k, or
eorp ir it ion notes, or b.lis assigned or en
il ir.ie.l, and all and any instrument of wri
ting ol any kind or ciescripthn, excepting
Penal B inds by which any party or par
lies may Le liable in r.ny manner or torm
for tho payment of money, or property, or
'lamagcs incurred, to, or arising from tha
5. In ail cases wherein one or more par
ties are suttl, if they desire to make de'tnee
to the merits of the action, they shall plead
the general issue und under the samo s'.l
ami tiny matter of defence, without refer
ence to the form nnd nature of the Plain
t;ll"s action or declaration may be given in
C. Tiie form ol said plea of general is
sue Uail be as follows:
The said defendant or defendants, as the
case may be, comes and defends the demand
of the plaintiff.
7. No suit shall be dismissed for want of
form, tut it shall be the duty of the court
before which the tame may be brought to
deteimine any cause upon its merits as tha
very right ol the case shall appear.
Absikmi .ls Diet. Many cases of illness,
both in aduits and children, may be readily
cured by abstinence trom ail lood. Head
aches, disordered stomachs, and many oth
er attacks aie often caused by violating the
rules ot health, and in consequence some
part of the system is overloaded, or some
of the organs clogged. Omitting one, two
or three meals, as the case may be, gives
the system a chance to rest, and allows the
clogged organs to dispose of their burdens.
The practice of giving drugs tu clear out
ihe the stomach, though it may afford tho
needed temporary relief, always weakens
the system while abstinence secures the
goid resu.t without doing any injury.
Said a young gentleman to a distinguish
ed medical practitioner in Philadelphia.
' Doctor, what do you do for yourself when
! you have a turn of head-ache or other slight
' ', "
i 1,uac.K 1
tlo without mv dinner," was the reply.
" And if that dues not cure you, what
" Go wr.hout my supper."
" Uut if that does not cure yoo, what
"Go without my breakfast. We physi
cians seldom take medicines ourselves, ot
use them in our lamiles, for we know that
abstinence is better but we cannot make
our patients believe it."
Many cases of slight indisposition, are
cureJ 6 h of djel T, if B per