Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1817.
A public meeting of the citizens of How
ard county will be held in tins place, on the
FIRST MONDAY IN ArillL NEXT
to appoint Delegates to the llatl Road Con
vention, to be held on the First Wednesday
in June next, (at such place as shall hereaf
ter be agreed upon,) and also to appoint
delegates to the Western River and Harbor
Convention, to be held in St. Louis, on the
Tenth Day of May next.
Wc return our sincere thanks to several
friends who have exerted themselves in
procuring subscribers to the "Times." We
hope they will continue their exertions, on
all proper occasions. It costs them noth
ing, benefits us and those who become sub
scribcrs. It would be a very small task for
each one of our present subscribers to pro
cure one new one the favor would be a
great one to us. Thru can do it. Wii.i.
An election for President and Fivo Trus
tors, fur the town of Fayette, will be held
on Monday, the 5th day of April next.
Howard Ihmi School. An examina
tion of the pupils of this institution com
menced on Thursday morning, and was
still progressing yesterday when wc went
to press. A large number of persons were
in attendance, and the exercises seemed to
giv general satisfaction.
For commencement of next session,
terms, fcc, see advertisement in another
FROM THE ARMY.
Gen. Scott reached Tampico on the 10th
ult. Active preparations were in progress,
and it was supposed the troops were des-
lined fr Vera Cruz, which place, it is said,
has been evacuated by the Mexicans.
There had been several mild casus of
Email pox at Matamoias.
Another company of Kentucky volun
teers, 17 in number, under Capt. Heady,
have fallen into the hands of the enemy.
nnd been sent to Sun Luis. It is said that
Major Gaines, Captains Daniels and Clay,
nnd the 80 men who were taken prisoners
with them, have all been killed.
Gen. Cutler, who is tick, has returned
to New Oilcans.
Santa Anna's movements arc a perfect
mystery to our army. At Tampico, he
was supposed to be in the direction of
Monterey while news from that quarter
shows that they suppose him on the coast.
We have but little doubt that another bat
tle has been fought.
ECr'Thc professional and salaried nun
of St. Lout?, talk of a public meeting, to
express their feelings on the subject of the
Act to sustain the credit of the State.
Iowa. The Legislature of Iowa ad
journed on the 25th ult., without electing
United States Senators, or Judges of the
Supreme Court. The locofocos of the
Senate, refused to meet the house for
these purposes. The session has been a
ery turbulent one, and much, if not the
whole of it, may bo set down to the loco
party. The locos of the House left in a
body, on the last day of the session, to
prevent the elcciionof a whig printer, but
were not able to prevent it. The people
of Iowa will doubtless place the proper
construction upon these acts.
tOBrother Boon is not pleased with
our saying ho showed the white feather in
the "little controversy" he has been en
gaged in recently with the Boonvillo Bulle
tin. He indulges in some wit, in connec
tion with our name and proposes to alter
the matter so as to make it appear that the
feather he showed was neither, white,
green, black or yellow, but a combination
of the two last. This combination is the
favorite color of His Excellency, and as
he is aspiring to the Gubernatorial Chair,
of course he wishes to adopt it, and follow
in the mockasin prints.
We will sing that song, if you will preach
A sermon from the 8ih commandment in
which it will be expected you will show
how to get titles to Church Property, and
may cmbraee the occasion to speak of other
matters which will suggest themselves.
.Or, if you dislike to discourse upon these
subjects, you may dance a horn-pipe, in the
same garb you once appeared in on the
streets of Franklin.
Won't they "come out" then!
fXTTha examination of the scholars of
Mr, Henmux's school took place on flturs
day last. Our engagements prevented us
from being present, but thoso wiio were
there, were well pleased. Tho exhibition
in the evening "went off" well.
THE "ACT TO SUSTAIN THE
CREDIT OF THE STATE."
We have already published the act to
sustain the credit of tho State, and made
some remarks tliercnn. Not a single press,
as far as we have observed, either whig or
loco, has spoken in defence of this act; some
of the loco presses, it is true, have come
tardily to the rescue, by descanting upon
the impossibility of passing a law which
will please every body, the proncness of the
people to grumblo at revenue laws, &c.
but as for attempting to show that it was a
wise law that the objects of taxation were
wisely selected, and that its operations
would be impartial thero are none of
them verdant enough for that!
It may bo well enough for us to state
here, that the representative from Howard,
C. F. Jackson, Esq., was the especial cham
pion of this law, and, we believe, sinco his
return home, has publicly fathered it. It
was brought forward just before tho close
of the session, and passed in a drunken
frolic, we are told by a democratic press
hen the vole was taken upon its passage
in the House, it stood yeas 49, nays 21
showing 27 members cither absent, sick, or
too drunk to vote!
Recollect, fellow-citizens, when you pay
your taxes this year that the increase is the
work of your late representative median
ies and clerks, when you are called upon
for one per cent of your wages, recollect
who originated the law, and that we have
good democratic authority for saying it
was passed in a drunken frolicl
We shall have more to say on this sub
ject hereafter. For the present we dismiss
it, by copying the following extracts from
the Missouri Statesman, to which wo invite
the attention of our readers:
"The bill, all in all, is without example in the
legislative history oi the country. Wot having
the moral courage to meet the crisis with tho
boldness of conscious right by levying a constilu
lional lax upon the property of the people, it
seeks to quiet their murmurings by the legerde
main process of assessing a rate hill unon rjlivsi.
cians and lawyers a bill which will finally be
paid out ol tho pockets ol the people themselves
It does thai indirectly which it had uot the inde
pendence to do directly. It was conceived in
the spirit of domagogueism, and panders to igno-
rant and ignoble prejudices hoping thus to cover
its reirent by an outcry against "lawyers and
doctors." Usurping authority not conferred bv
the constitution, it levies a tax upon knowkdee
a tu wium is uiicuusuiuiionui anu voiu. a sim
ilar tax upon the skill of the Mechanic and Far
mer upon the Carpenter, Cabinetmaker,
Brick-loyer, Painter, Shoo maker, Saddler,
Herdsman, Florist, Tobacco, Wheat, Hemp and
Corn Planter, and any other and all other trades.
callings and professions in society a tax upon
ineir Kiiowieuge anu skiii, as sucn, is clearly
within the scope of the same policy and iust as
constitutional. Properly and not knowledge is
a constitutional object of taxation, and the
taxes upon this should be in proportion to its
Under the the 14th section of this bill all pri
vnto individuals who are receiving an annual or
stated salary for their services, are taxed one per
cent, upon the amount of said salary. This
will include Journeymen Mechanics and Trades
men of all kinds who are employed at slated
wages: Journeymen Saddlers, Carpenters, Black,
smiths, Taylors, Shoemakers, Tanners, Printers,
Bookbinders, Tinners, Clerks, Salesmen, and all
other employments in life, save the hired laborers
upon a farm, will come in for their share. And
moro than this! Under this section !! Teachers
of Schools (Male and Female;) Ministers of the
Gospel; all .Agents for Bible, Tract, Missionary,
and other societies and also agents for Sabbath
Schools all these, and moro than these, are ob.
jecis of taxation to the tune of one per cent!
And what is more, the 16th section makes the
hill retrospective in its operation, on which sc.
count the assessments for the presont year (1817)
are to be made under it!
The Mails. We understand Messrs.
Frost, Price & Co., have obtained the con
tract for carrying tho mail from Fulton to
Glasgow, three times a week, as heretofore.
They will commence operations as soon as
the road can bo stocked. We suppose by
this time next week, wc shall be in the reg
ular receipt of the mails we hope sooner.
Revival. There has been quite a revi
val with the Methodist Church in Boon
ville. About one hundred and fifty persons
have joined the Church.
For tub Wah, Ho ! Capt. Win. B.
Fostijk, of Glasgow, is raising a company
of men for the war. He will be in town
to-day, when all who desire " to fight them
selves a farm," and pocket $12 bounty,
will havo an opportunity.
Mr. Wimf.r has made arrangements for a
tri weekly mail on tho Missouri river to be
distributed at Jefferson City, Rocheport, Boon-
villo and lilusgow. 1 Ins mail will leave in the
regular packets at G o'clock, p. m. Union.
Wo received the first fruits of Mr. Wi
nter's exertions on Thursday.
Counterfeit. State Bank of Indiana
10's having for its vignette a female sitting
and a sailor standing near, pointing to
tho ocean, on which a vessel is in sight.
There is no such vignette, or anything re
sembling it, on any bill of this bank, and
tho public need only be advised of it, to
prevent its circulation.
Another. 10's, dated May 10th, 18 10;
payablo at Indianapolis, to II. Bates or
bearer; letter A, No. 3101. Vignette, na
ked figure sitting, a sailor pointing to the
water, and a ship in the distance; at the
foot of tho note, an Indian in a canoe.
0"The population of St. Louis is
about forty-eight thousand.
THE DEMOCRAT THE TARIFF
BRITISH CORN LAWS.
The Democrat has backed from its posi
tion, that tho present favorablo prices the
farmers are getting for their products, ex
cepting tobacco, is the legitimate results of
the tariff of 1810. It docs so by fairly and
candidly slating that it is " willing to ad
mit that the value of tho breadstuff's of this
country have gone up beyond what may
be expected to be a stahle market for them,
ON ACCOUNT of the potatoe rot and
the failure of tho grain crops in Europe."
This is a candid admission, and disposes
of that portion of the subject.
We will proceed to show that it is
wrong again. It says: " But the Times
will recollect, that simultaneous with, or
immediately after tho prohibitory duties
were taken off of foreign importations in
this country, tho British Parliament re
pealed their Corn Laws; and that tho fet
ters thus taken off commerce, admitted the
free transportation of our surplus produce
to England, which advanced the price at a
handsome rate, before any famine existed,
and which may bo considered permanent."
We will not be'particular about dates,
as to the new tariff, and repeal of the
British Corn Laws; nor need we remind
the Democrat that Europe looked to the
United States, in part, to furnish bread
stuffs, to make up the deficit growing out
of tho failure of the potatoe crop, before
the alteration of our tariff, or the repeal of
the British Corn laws; these would make
up an article of themselves, and we pass
them over to notice the repeal of the Corn
This act of tho British Parliament was
ostensibly put forth and hailed as a free
trade measure! when, in fact, it was
brought about for directly the reverse, viz
Protection. It is true, that their repeal
may exercise a temporary effect on the
price of breadstuff's in this country but
it will only be temporary, and will most
probably cost us dearly in the end. But
how can tho repeal of the Corn Laws op
erate as a Protective Measure to Great
Britain? Wc shall answer this question by
quoting from one of the most sagacious
political authors of our day, Calvix Col
Thk corn laws were abolished ostentatiously,
at one swoop, to make an impression on the
world especially on the people of the United
States as if the British government were
approximating to the principles of free trade
whereas, they have never yet made 8n abatement
of imposts, except on the principle of protection,
or to obtain an equivalent, or more than an
equivalent, in some other way. They were
forced, in 18-15, to remove the duty of half a
penny a pound on raw cotton for what? not
for free trade, as was pretended, but to protect
their own manufacturers ogainst those of the
United Slates and of the continent. It was
absolutely necessary, as a measure of national
policy, to make food as cheap in England, as in
manufacturing nations. It was a national ne
cessity; and therefore it was done.
Previously, however, by some ten years, to
the abolition of the duty on raw cotton, the
manufacturers in tho north of England, disturbed
and menaced by the trades. unions and the sys
tem of stiikes for higher wagc3, removed, by a
negotiation with tho poor law commissioners,
10,000 paupers from tho southern counties, into
their mills, and thus defeated tho unionists and
the strikers, and kept down wages,
It now appears, that the primary and chief
ooject ol Hid league lor Iho abolition of the corn
laws, was for the benefit of the manufacturing
system of Great Britain, and that the former
interest was sacrificed if sacrificed to save a
greater one ono more vital to the British em
pire and to keep down wages. The same
men, manufacturers (see first annual report of
poor law commissioners,) who were engaged in
1831 in dragging paupers against their will" from
the south of England, to immure them in the
manufactories of the north, professedly, as appears
from their letters to the commissioners, to coun
teract the trades unions and keep down the
strikes in other words, to keep down wages-
were altcrward enrolled among the most luilu
enlial leaders of the league for the abolition of
tho corn laws; and Sir Robert Peel, naturally
sympathizing with that system, which had been
to him "llie gooso that laid the golden egg," (his
immense fortune was made in manufacturing,)
and riot less as a great statesman, put tho finish
ing stroke to the third great measure for the
conservation and protection of the British maim
faciuring system. The first step was forcing the
paupers of England, in 1831, into the manufac
tories; the next was tho removal of duties on raw
cotton, in 1845; and the third was the abolition
of tho corn laws in 1810: all done on the prin-
ciplo of protection, and to maintain the sylein of
low wages, without which .British manulactures,
tho soul and bulwark of the empire, must have
fallen. It is now confidently expected and
predicted, that, as soon as decency will permit,
the wages of operatives in British manufactories
will be rod need, by a measure equal to the cheap
ening of their bread, that the benefit of the
abolition of the corn laws may accrue, not to the
laborers, but to their employers; in other words,
to tho government; for the government support
these great interests, that they may support the
government. The amount of wheat used for paste
in the cotton factories, is said to be equal to the
supply of all the mouths of the operatives.
Eight hundred thousand bushels are used annually
for paste by members of the anti-corn law league,
from the tax on which they are already relieved.
This great measure, therefore, which has been
bruited far and wide, to the great astonishment
of mankind, as a free trade measure or the
movement of a great nation in a philanthropic
career, to give the poor cheaper bread turns
out to be iho movement of British manufacturers,
to bar the necessity of raising the wages of their
operatives, and in the end to cheapen them; and
of the Brilish government to sustuin -and protect
the uriush manulactunng system, as the great
bulwark of the empire! Sir Robert Peel saw,
that the British corn laws, or the manufacturing
system, must fall, and he wisely scaled the doom
of the former, to save the latter.
It will be seen, then, what this flourish of
British fre trade amounts to, viz., that at bottom, J
in principle, and In its ultimate practical design,
it if directly tho opposite ol tree trade, and that
it is one of the most comprehensive and most
effective measures of protection ever devised by
a statesman. It was also a bold stroke of pub.
lio policy, both in its domestic and foreign as
poets: in its domestic, becauso it seemed to sacri
fice one great interost, to save, strengthen, and
fortify, another of far greater importance. In its
foreign aspects, because it could be and was os
tentatiously held up and proclaimed to the world
as a great example (of Iree trade, challenging
other nations to follow. The United Suites
were the first to swallow the bait, and be caught!
They thought at least, that the abolition of the
Brilish corn laws would open a market for Amor,
ican bread stuffs. It will be seen, by and-by,
what is likely to be realized from this expectation.
Washington, March 3.
In the Senate, tho Oregon Territorial
Bill was laid on the table, after some debate.
Tho river and harbor bill was adopted.
Tho resolution restoring to Mr. Ritchie
his privileges upon the floor of the Senate,
was laid on the table.
Tho Senate then went into Executive
session, after which -
A recess was taken.
House of Representatives. Tho House
refused to take up the bills for the relief of
Irefand; and the sending of the ships of
war Macedonian and Jamestown with
food for the suffering Irish.
The Senate amendments to the Naval
Pension bill were ogrccd to.
The House then resolved itself into com
mittee of tho whole, on the Senate amend
ments to the three million bill. The com
mittee rose after debate and reported the
bill with the proviso offered by Mr. Wil
mot. The vote being taken, the proviso was
rejected yeas 07, nays 102. '
The Senate's amendments were then con
curred in, and the bill finally passed by a
vote of yeas 1 15, nays 82. The bill now
only requires the President's signature to
become a law.
The House then refused to concur in
the Senate's amendment striking out from
the supplemental Army iiill the provision
for the appointment of a General in Chief.
Tho Amendatory Sub-Treasury Act
was then taken up. Various amendments
were oflcred and rejected among them
one for the repeal of the act of the last
Tho House then took a recess.
Senate. Tho Senate refused to concur
in the report of the Conference Commit
tee recommending the adoption of the
House provision to the supplemental Armv
bill, for the appointment of a General in
Uuct ot the torces in Mexico.
The Committee of Conference then adjourned
The Civil and Diplomatic bill was then repor
ted. House. The bill amending the Treasury act
ol last session was carried.
Also, an act to amend on act for providing for
additional forces, and the refunding of -expenses
incurred by the States in equipping volunteers
oe lore mustered into service.
The joint resolution for despatching the Mace
donian und Jamestown to Ireland, with supplies,
was then passed.
The bill for constructing four steamers to be
employed in tho transportation of the mail be
tween New York and Liverpool was passed.
A resolution of thanks to the Speaker was
11 o'clock, v. u Neither House has adjourn
Tho Senate refused to suspend the rules to
receive the bill amending the Sub. Treasury act,
from the House.
The now Conference Committee reported back
tho supplemental military bill, omitting the pro
visions for the appointment of tho General in
In Executive session, the Hon. Charles J.
Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania, was nominated Min
ister to France.
Both Houses passed the bill for the construc
tion of four new steamers, to carry with twelve
steaiuerB, offered by private enterprise, the mails
between New York, New Orleans, Liverpool,
Holland, Chagres and Oregon.
Washington, 1J a. m., March 4.
Both Houses adjourned at 1 o'clock. The
Senate rejected the nomination of Charles J.
Ingersoll as Minister to France. The President
then nominated Richard Rush, and the nomina
tion was confirmed,
Thomas II. Benton, of Missouri, and Col.
Cummings, of Georgia, were then nominated
Major Generals and confirmed. Messrs. Cad
wallader, of Pennsylvania, Hopping, of New
York, and Franklin H, Pearce, of N. II., were
then nominated Brigadier Generals, and confirm
ed. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.
OCT In the New Orleans papers of the 2J
inst. we find the following important news:
Report of a bottle! The rumored battle
between Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna.
Camp Watson, Feb. 17, 4, p. m.
Eds. Ddla: After closing mine o)
this morning I proceeded to the encamp
ment, and had not dismounted from my
horse before I was asked by & thousand per
sons whether I had the particulars of the
fight between Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna
at Monterey. I did not know what to
make of it for a while, but at last succeed
ed in obtaining enough items to show that
Gen. Taj lor had again met the enemy.
As soon as I heard this 1 repaired to the
quarters of Gen. Twiggs, and he stated to
me that three Mexicans had arrived this
morning from Victoria, who had said that
the forces of the Americans after retreat
ing from Sultillo, hud made n stand at Mon
terey, and given fight to tho Mexicans un
der Santa Anna.
Tho conllict is said to have been long
and severe, and the loss great on both sides;
but, say the Mexicans, Santa Anna ultimate
ly gavo way, having sustained a heavy loss
in killed and wounded among the latter
was Gen. Arista. At this moment I have
little time for comment. Ever since I have
been advised of tho departure of the enemy
from San Luis de Potosi, 1 have been expec
ting to hear the news of a battle. To en
counter Gen. Tuylor, Santa Anna would
wish live nates bis number of men, and
knowing that, 1 fenred foi the issue of n bat
tle, and 1 must conless to you thai 1 uenevo
more fully thai a battle hns been (ought than
1 do of the reported result.
If the tumor is true, as reported, (and
why should the Mexicans say so against
ihemselves) you wi'l have the particulars
long brforo we will here. CtiArPAniiiL.
IO3 Later news renders it almost certain
that no battle was fought, as the above
letter infers. A letter from Monterey,
dated February 3rd, says General Taylor
was then at Saltillo, with a forco of 5000
men, and that ho was expected to advance
in the direction of San Luis de Potosi.
It was also supposed tho Mexicans were
advancing upon Saltillo.
i - -
Throughout tho whole of (he last session of
the Legislature, (he most indefatigable eflorls
were made to secure the passage ol some resolu
tion that would approximate to equal represents
tion; hut ell failed. Propositions were mado to
amend by striking out the two limits that cause
inequality: the one ihnt gives to each county one
member, and tlin one which" limits tho number of
members of the House of Representatives to one
hundred. It was impossible to carry this prono-
sition in either house, although it was acceptable
to most ol the mends of equal representation.
A proposition was made to strike out the clause
that limits the number of Representatives to one
hundred, and make no other change; but this
could not succeed. A proposition was then made
to enlarge the House ol Representatives to one
hundred and fifty members, with the privilcgo of
adding a member for every new county that might
be created, which, although notequal, was warmly
supported by most ol the members ol the large
counties; hut it was opposed by the small county
men, and by some by whom it ought to have been
sustained. It met with no favor in the House of
Representatives, and failed of obtaining the con
stitulional majority of the Senate,
Another proposition was made substantially the
same as the complex system that was contained
in the new Constitution proposed by the conven
tion, this, although not equal, was sustained
by most of the friends of equal representation.
It passed the Senate by the constitutional major,
ity, but was rejected in the Houso of Represent
A proposition was mado in the House ot Rep.
resentatives, giving to each county at least one
member, and enlarging the House of Representa
tives to about 140 members. It gave to the small
counties one member each, and gave an increase
of nearly forty members to be distributed among
the largor counties, but adopted a scale of re pre.
sentation that did injustice to the largest counties,
and was vory objectionable, because it struck
out that clause which provides that no old county
shall be reduced to less than twenty miles square,
and it also contained an arbitrary provision that
no county should ever have more than twelve
members, no matter how large its population.
this proposition passed the House by the consti
tutional majority, but was rejected in the Senate,
by the voles of members from the large counties.
The session of the Gencial Assembly was ihen
within three days of the time appointed for its
final adjournment, and 03 all the propositions
that had been submitted had been rejected, the
opinion prevailed that an adjournment would
take place without any proposition to amend the
Constitution "This was a very undesirable result
of the efforts to equalize representation. It
would have thrown the State into groat confusion
and a most embittered and exasperating state of
public feeling would have been engendered. It
would have effectually postponed, for at least
two years, all efforts even to propose further
amendments in a constitutional form, and it would
continue indefinitely our present outrageously
At the next session, the creation of new coun
ties that would inevitably lake place, would re.
duce the representation of St. Louis to one mem
ber; and then the same causes would prevail that
row prevent the passage of any fair proposition
to render representation equal. Nothing was to
be hoped for from postponement until tho next
session, so far as the usual mode of amending the
Constitution was concerned. The question then
presented itself Wos the State to be thrown
back into a state of revolution? was this Rcpub
lie to be involved in a sta'le of anarchy and dis
cord, and perhaps of bloodshed and fatal violence,
by reason of fierce strife and contention on the
subject of representation? Was Missouri to be
involved in disgraceful and inglorious civil war,
similar to tho Dorr war in Rhode Island, for the
purpose of obtaining equal representation by
violent and revolutionary means? These were
the questions practically presented; for an ad.
journment without making some proposition to
amend the Constitution, must have been attended
with these results. Such a state of things would
he most unfortunate and disastrous in a country
of law, order and good moials. Such a fatal
result was much to be deprecated by all true pat-
riots and philanthropists; by all sound, judicious
statesmen, and by all who love our tree institu
tions and desire their prosperity. A few political
hotspurs, who wish to convert the subject of rep.
resentation into a miserable partizan squabble,
might desire a different course, and might be
willing to plunge the State into inextricable dif
Acuities in order to make a little political capital
out of the conflict; a pot-house politician, with
his passions heated by artificial stimulants, might
have his courage so elevated as to desire such a
fatal conflict, and indulge the hope that in
the fierce struggles incident to revolution
ary remedies, he and his partisans might by
chance fall uppermost. But such considerations
ought to have no influence on men whoso only
aim and object is to promote the puplic peace
and happiness, and to obtain justice by reasoiiabe
and lawful moans. A prudent, conservative
polity, under such circumstances, was much the
wisest and most safe. This policy prevailed.
At the heel ol the session, a proposition was
offered to make one more final effort to agree on
a proposition to amend the Constitution, by the
appointment of a joint committee to confer on
that subject, and it was adopted and the com.
mittee was appointed. This committee met and
conferred; the thorough-going friends of equal
representation tried in vain to secure the adoption
of some of the most unobjectionable propositions
that had been made, and it was tound that the
best that could be obtained was the proposition
that had passed the House of Representatives,
with some modifications. The committee agreed
to modify tho proposition by striking out tho arbi-
trory clause that provided that no county shall
ever have more than twelve members, by simpli.
fying and slightly altering the scale of represen.
tation, so as to make it a little moro favorable to
the largest class of counties, and by restoiing the
important provision that no county shall ever he
reduced to less than twenty miles square, by the
creation of new counties. Thus modified, tho
proposition waf rrportcd, and passed both houses
by the constitutional majority, end is now sub.
milled lor the canuia consiuu'"""" u. Vwy,.
Its submission to the people does not psss it
does not incorporate it as a part of the Constitu.
tion; but only enables me peopie uiruugu uio
Representatives in the next General Assembly
to say whether they will take it in preference to
our present unjust and unequal system of repre.
sentation. It is unnecessary to s.iy that this
proposition was ultimately assented to and voted '
for by several most decided friends of equal rep.
resentation, not because they approved it, not
because they considered it wm what it ought to
be, but because they were well satisfied that jt .
was the best that could be obtained, and that it
was belter to submit it to the people for their de-
liberate action than to plunge the State intosnar.
chy, discord and revolution. They considered
even a limited advance towards equal represenla.
tion better than a mad Dorrile experiment, or
any effort to inforce equal representation by vio.
lent or revolutionary means.
Tho proposition is now before the people for
their action; if, under all the circumstances, they
are opposed to it, they are free to reject it. If
they prefer to remain quietly and submissively
under our present unequal system of representa
tion, they can vote down this proposition and do
so. If, on the other hand, they prefer to take the
risk and chance of obtaining greater equality by
means unknown to the Constitution by revolu
tionary remedies by violence and civil war, or
by any system of fierce ogitntion end commotion,
(hey are still at liberty to pursue that course.
This proposition does not cut them off from any
remedy which they would huve had if it had not
been made. The question then presonts itself
for the calm and patriotic consideration of tho
people, What is best to be done under all the
circumstances? This question should be consider
ed and determined with a sincere desire to arrive
at the truth, to form correct conclusions, and
adopt a proper course of action. Those who
desire to throw the community into commotion
that they may ride on the billows, may pursue a
different course; but the mass of the people will
doubtless pursue that course which will best pro
mote tho peace, harmony and welfare of the State.
The objtct of all should be to weigh the relative
advantages of (he proposed amendment, to com
pare it candidly by the present system of
representation, and then dispassionately determine
whether it so far approximates towards equality
as (o induce (he friends of equality to accept it.
What then are the advantages of the proposed
amendment over the present, system? They are
several. It proposes to increase the size of the
House of Representatives about thirty or forty
per cent., and to that extent renders representa
tion more equal. The small counties that are
under the ratio will each got ono member as they
now do, and the thirty or forty additional mem
bers will be distributed among the large and
medium sized counties, which will materially
increase their present relative power and influence
in the House. This does not render representation
equal, but it is ono step towards it, and will in
crease (lis ability of the larger counties to effect
further reforms hereafter.
Tha county of St. Louis now has four Rep
resentatives, and if no amendment be made, she '
will, after the next session, have only one; but
if the proposed amendment bo adopted she wilt
have eight Representatives. This is not
equality; it is less than St. Louis ought to have,
but still it is much better than the present system,
so far as this county is concerned.
The counties of Howard, Boone, Platte and
Buchanan would probably have three members
each under the proposed amendment this would
bo a step towaids equality in those counties then
more than twenty other counties that now have
only one member would get two, and they would
thus take a material step towards equal represen
tation. Is itexpedrnt for the friends of equal repre
sentation to reject these gains, and refuse to take
this step towards' equal representation because
perfect equality is not attained? We leave it to
a free and intelligent people to determine.
The next advantage of tha proposed amend,
ment over our present plan of representation is,
that it checks and restrains the improvident
creation of new counties, which has heretofore
been a great cause of unequal representation.
New counties have heretofore been made with
too much facility; they have been cut up so as
to'.be quite too small, and they have been organ
ized wkh very inadequate population. The pro
posed amendment provides a remedy for this, it
declares that hereafter no new county shall be
organized with a territory of less lhan five hun.
dred square miles, and that no old county shall
be reduced by the creation of new counties to
less than five hundred square miles, nor to less
than twenty miles square. It thus protects both
(he size and the form of the old counties; it also
prevents (he creation of any new county unless
its population is equal to two thirds of the ratio
of representation at the time. These provisions
willffeclually prevent the creation of new coun
ties in such numbers as to render representation
unequal, and will cause alljnew counties to be
more respectable in size.
The proposed amendment also contains a pro
vision that will guard against long and expensive
sessions of the Legislature. These are the advan.
(ages of the proposed amendment it is good as
far as it goes; (he only objec(ion to it is, that it
does not go far enough; it approaches towards
equality but does not reach it. It has no disad.
vontoges. In order to accept of it we are not
required to accept of many other odious- and
absurd amendments as was the case when the
new Constitution was submitted lo the people,
nor will.its adoption prevent any future reforms.
A belter proposition ought to have been submitted
lo the people, but when it could not be obtained,
it was right to propose for their action the best
that was attainable. Era.
Rkmains or Columbus. The correspon
dent of the Charleston Courier says the Sar
dinian Government has entered into a nego
tiation with Spnin for the restitution of the
ashes ol Christopher Columbus. The mor
tal remains of this great man, after huving
been first deposited at Seville, were remov
ed to St. Domingo, where they temained
until 1795. when iIiav wr tulnr. ,
' J - , J
Cathedral Church of Havana, where they
u w v 'I v
A Massachusetts lady sent the following
toast lo the late celebration of the New
England Society at Chicago;
lk'niainin Franklin nnd
i - w,,uuvi 14 IS f 00
Sons of the old Hay Slate the one drew
the lightning from heaven, the other gave it
vuiuc uuu imuo ll fllicun to 6 World.
Public Lands Taxes An ar.t of f!,.n.
grass, passed 20th January, 1847, leaves
land purchased ot the Uniied States. ,.!.
ject to taxation in the states whore they lie.
immediately aiier ttiey are entered or pur