Newspaper Page Text
Fof Pre id e At . 1
General Z a chary. Taylor.
- 1 '
" Between mv government and a foreign nation
I never ak a qieuion : M Y GO VERNMENT
fS ALWAYS RIGHT:' Gin.Diytor.
-i FAY E T T E: ;
SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1847.
rjCrThe war news nnd the proceedings
the public meeting held in this place last
Saturday, crowd out several articles inten
ded for to-day's paper. ' '
Meeting Postponed. The meeting to
appoint delegates to the Northern Missouri
Rail Road Convention, and Western River
and Harbor Convention, which was ad
iourned to last Saturday, was aaain ad-
4 - v
journed to the first Monday in next month.
This second adjournment was necessary
in consequence of the committee who was
appointed to report the sense of the com
munity, being unable to agree upon a report,
MORE TROOPS WANTED.
The editor of the Republican has seen
official papers which leave no doubt that
the Governor of Missouri has been called
uoun for another regiment of mounted vol
unteers, to serve during the war with
Mexico. The order to this effect will, no
doubt, be immediately forthcoming from
the Governor; and if his Excellency does
' not undertake to give all the olfices to fa
vorites, by authorizing them to raieecom
panies, on condition that they are elected
to command, there will be no difficulty in
getting the men.
A part of the regiment.it is understood,
and if necessary the whole, are to be em
ployed in establishing forts on the route
to Oregon. The residue, if not thus em
ployed, will be sent to Santa Fe. The
place of rendezvous is to be designated by
the Governor, regard being 1iad to the fa
cilities of transportation to the places of
flD"In our paper of to-day will be found
a full account of the surrender of the city
of Vera Cruz and the Castle of San Juan
d'Ulloa. We have nothing of interest from
that place, later than will be found in this
account. There is important news it will
be seen, however, from other parts of Mexi
co all of which, we think, has a tendency
to early peace. The Mexicans surely
will not be so blind to their own interests
as to hold out longer. We think Santa
Anna, as soon as he .gets control of the
Government, and quiets the rebellions at
home, will be in favor of a speedy cessa
tion of hostilities.
OCTOId "Rough and Ready" is spoken
of for the Presidency, by many of the
most distinguished journals of the east.
The south and west are for him with great
unanimity. Nothing but his own flat refu
sal, (Providence sparing his life) can keep
him out of the chair now so inefficiently
Coknecticlt Election. The whigs
have achieved a decided victory in Con
necticut. It is thought they have elected
the whole Congressional delegation. The
Legislature shows a gain in the House of
Representatives. Senate, same as last year.
Wind Ship. The Independence (Moi)
Expositor says: Mr. Thomas, the gentle
man who has been engaged for some time
past, in building a wagon to go by wind and
sail, as a ship, has, we understand, nearly
completed his undertaking, and will make
a trip some hundred or two miles out, in
a short time, lie has engaged the ser
vices of a regular sea captain, we are in
formed, who is a gentleman of much tal
ent. He has dubbed it the "Wind Ship"
it carries one hundred square yards of sail-
Official Dispatches. We refer the
reader to the official dispatches of General
Taylor, in another column, in reference to
the battle of Bucna Vista. It may be ne
cessary, in explanation of the last one as
we have not published all his dispatches
to remark, that Gen. Taylor had been ad
vised by Gen. Scott, to evacuate Saltillo,
and fall back on Monterey. He wrote to
the Department at Washington, stating
that he deemed it all important not only to
hold possession of Saltillo, but also to take
ud his position some distance in front of
that place where the battle was actually
fought. K he had fallen back on Monte
rey, the result might, and most probably
would, have been V.ery different.
If General Taylor i:d been properly
supported by the Governmeul in the outset,
and left unembarrassed by orofrs trom
those who knew nothing of the situation
of affairs, we entertain not a shadow of a
doubt, but that peace would have been con
cluded ere this.
n""JThe Era and Union, arrive at this
offico just one mail behind their lime.
Why i it?
PUBLIC MEETING OF THE CITI
ZENS OF HOWARD COUNTY.'
Pursuarit o public notice,; meeting of
the citizens of Howard' county: was held in
the rCouYt. itousiv'on Saturday. tbe- lOttr
The meeting was organized by the elec
tinn of GERARD ROBINSON, Esq.,
Chairman, and Clark II. Green, Secre-
,ary- .- .... ...,.. ... ... - -
At the request of the Chairman, Gen.
John . Wilson explained the object of the
meeting; and on his motion, that a com
mittee be appointed to draft a preamble
and resolutions, the Chairman appointed
the following gentlemen . to compose said
committee, viz :
John Wilson, Roland Hughes, John B.
Clark, Samuel C. Major, John T, Cleveland,
John Harvey, Federal Walker, Joseph
Cooper and John Estill. -
The committee retired, and after a short
absence, made a report,' which was dia
cussed, abridged, and unanimously adopted,
as follows .,
Your committee beg leave to report, that in
discharge ot the duty assigned them, they sup
pose that action, rather than words, will meet
with the approbation of this meeting; and con.
senuentlv. they propose only to call their alien
. 1 . - f tr-? I Jr
tion to a lew general topics oi political uiscus
sion. understanding as they do, that it is consid.
ered time to agitate the question, Who snail ot
our next President? This question is vastly
more important than it has usually been; and
therefore your committee believe that the earlier
the matter is presented to the people, Tor investi.
gation, the better.
It is notorious, that the present administration
have labored with assidious diligence, and with
large degree of success, to change the whole fi
nancial policy of all previous administrations;
and which, if finally successlul, as your commit
tee believe, will endanger, if not destroy, many
herelofoie fostered interests of this country; while
your committee admit, that it is possible they may
be mistaken, still they honestly entertain the be.
lief, that the resulia of the Tariff of '46 will prove
disastrous in an eminent degree. They know,
and assert, that .when the Tariff of '42 was pass
ed, that all the important interests of the nation,
were exceedingly depressed, and that its four
years existence gave a prosperity never witnessed
before. But for accidental causes, arising fro.'?
the lamentable distress in Europe, calling on us
for all our spare bread stuffs to feed the famishing
poor of lands beyond the sea, so as to create an
unprecedented balance of trade in our favor.lt is
confidently believed that the disastrous tendency
of the Tariff of '46 would have already shown
its destructive tendency. While we make these
statements, to show our views on this subject, we
do it with no unkind feelings to those who differ
with us on this important branch of political
economy; we know, however, our free trade
friends in Missouri, have become converts to this
doctrine, under new and very late teaching, and
we look back with some pride to a very recent
period, when we and they held similar opinions,
on this important subject, and we are ready to
allow, that whatever change may have come over
the "spirit of their dream," both act from consci
entious motives; and as we are to be forced to al
low the free trade Tariff to stand for two or three
years to come, by which period we hope, that
experience of its results will authorize us to go
over to them, or they to come to us, trusting that
they, as well as ourselves, desire to see carried
into effect that measure which shall produce the
greatest general good to the country. To this
issue, thus made up, we challenge all our tree
Hut while ws at present are willing thus to
wait for more full developement of practical re
sults of this measure, we turn to other subjects of
equal importance, in condemnation of the present
administration, about which this committee be
lieve there is scarcely a division of opinion
amongst our fellow citizens of this State, as well
as the whole valley of the Mississippi. We
mean Internal Improvements of a National
Character, in opening post roads and clearing
out obstructions in the rivers and harbors of the
Western Waters; and this has been held by all
previous administrations, to be wise policy as
well as constitutional but our present President
has obstinately vetoed the usual bills for this pur
nose; and when he saw that a veto would not
avail, (as at the end of the last session,) he has
"pocketed" a bill to clear the snags out of our
waters, when he knew that if he vetoed it, the
bill would have been passed, notwithstanding his
objections. This practice, at all times, your
committee believe to be highly objectionable, as
well as at variance with the spirit of the consti
tution; but when the great important interest of
fourteen out of nineteen millions of people, are
thus forcibly trampled upon by the "one man
power," it becomes intolerable, and if the people
of the valley of the Mississippi intend to con
tinue free, they must see in their luture selections
for that high station that the nominee will carry
out our views, so unanimously held by such a
vast majority of the people of this nation. As it
is, it will be seen thai lor the next two years, the
"Polk Stalks in our waters must remain, to
destroy the produce of the people, and from this
source of loss alone, your committee will venture
the assertion, that not less than Five Millions of
Dollars will be taken Trom the pockets of our
farmers, and cast to the bottom of the angry and
muddy waters of the great father of rivers and
his tributaries, which we all know would be
saved by the judicious expenditure of one.tenth
part of that amount: and why is all this7 JNot
because the representatives of the nation failed
to do their duty for they passed the bill; but
simply because Mr. Polk chose to arrogate to
himself the physical power accidentally possessed,
(because the Uongress adjourned within ten days
after the bill passed,) to deleat the deliberately
expressed will of the people. We are aware
that most ol our tnends, the democrats or Mis
souri, when they voted for Mr. Polk, supposed
him to be friendly to internal improvements in
fact they were told so by most of his leading
friends, who have still clung to him alter be has
plainly shewn that no President has ever been
so hostile to them. We ask them to consider
these matters, and with us, make this a great
question in the coming contest of '48 end to
insure entire success, to (his all-important meas
ure, we invite them to cooperate wuh us in the
selection of a gentleman for that office who will
be hereafter named, who, amongst the many other
brilliant Qualifications which be possesses to ena.
ble him to tall that omce, we guarantee, mat ne
will aid, instead of defeat, the will of the people
in this particular.
Another matte which we call our followciti
zens to consider, is the Mexican war, in which
we are unhapily engaged, and which your com
tly believe eould.ond ought Id, WeT ,inGHLYlMPORTANT..F?lOM.VERA.T
I, by the administration;' and if such CRUZ.
mi (too hones
is the faot, the? -are wholly chargeable with the
many thousand) valuable lives that have been lost,
and the blind red millions of dollars spent in its
prosecution.. The heart sickens at this view, of
the case, nor would we have mentioned it, but
because It is due to ourselves and our country,
that we should express our honest convictions.-
But your committee have always believed, that
the war once beinar begun, ought to have been
prosecuted with the utmost vigor of this powerful
nationp because, In thus bringing the war home
to the heart of the enemy's country,, (after1 we
were once in their country) furnished the most
plausible reason far its speedy determination.
These are our views, ana we believe, the views
of nine tenths of the people of the- United
Stales. Waiving, then, (out of respect to the
opinions of those of our fellow citizens who differ
with us) the lurther discussion as to who caused
the war, or made It necessrry, for it is time the
parties of this nation (after the long partisan dis
putes which have, violently divided us) should
pay some deference to the opinions of opposing
parties, believing, as your committee do, that gen
orally, ell of us desire the prosperity of the
country, and that our differences arise out of the
different modes of judging of the propriety of this
or the other purpose ot the government: we ask,
has the President pursued this war with vigor?
to this we boldly answer, he has not. While
he has for more than a year been clothed wilh
ample powers to call out men and expend money,
to any wanted extent, yet he has forced our com
manding Generals to march many hundred miles
into the interior of the enemy's country, wilh
mere handfulls of men, while thousands of our
fellow citizens were anxious to assemble in the
tented field, and consequently our battles have
been lought, in the entrenchments ot the enemy,
and on their own toil, allowing our army one
man to four of the enemy; and while the whole
country feel they are ready to give an univer.
sal shout for the unexampled victories they
have won for to their honor be it spoken, there
has been no defeats! yet, at the same time, the
whole land is in mourning, for their fathers, hus
bands, eons, and brothers, who have been forced
to the cannon's mouth to be slaughtered, (or tar
nish their honor as soldiers) by the criminal neg
lect of the President of the United States, who
had the power, and whose duty it was to have
sent more men to aid them in the deadly conflict
which they have so gallantly sustained, even unto
death and that, too, by the hand of people little
better than assassins. For these things we boldly
arraign the neglect or imbecility or the admmis.
traiion; and whilst we give way to those human
sympathies which nil us with unpretended sor.
row, to weep for the cruel exposure and unneces
nrv ?eath of our brave officers and men who
have so fai'in2. and so covered themselves with
glory, and at the se time filled the country
with mourning, let us speak out tones of Ihun
der, commanding more vigor in the ptujecution
of this lamentable war, that it may bi
closed with an honorable peace. ,
It is true our army and its immediate comman
der, Major General Zachary Taylor, have spread
a lustre around the arms of our beloved country,
which will form the brightest pages of our milita
ry history, as long as history records our existence
as a nation; and your committee beg leave to
express tbeir opinion that GENERAL TAY
LOR has, in conducting this war, won for himself
as a Commander, not only the admiration ot the
world, but the everlasting gratitude of the people
of this country, which cannot be discharged
without tendering to him the highest office in the
gift of mankind The Presidency of these United
Your committee beg leave further to slate, that
it is not alone on account of his military talents,
as displayed in the Mexican war, that they are
brought to the above declaration for in addition
to this, we refer to his constant humanity exer
cised toward the enemy, which is now the distin
guishing mark of modern warfare; and also, to
his dispatches to our government, to which we
appeal as inimitable models of lucid arrangement,
comprehensive brevity and strength, that is
scarcely to be found in the reports of any other
militaiy man in this or any other country; and
therefore, your committee appeal to these, with
pride and confidence, that they show in him a
fitness for every office which requires a compre
hensive brevity in thought and energy in action
to fulfil its duties --and consequently, with full
confidence, recommend him to our fellow-citizens
of this State as well as of the whole Union
AS A CANDIDATE FOR THE NEXT
Resolved, That we advise our friends in all our
sister counties to come at once to the rescue or
old "Rough and Ready," by holding similar
Resolved, that we recommend the holding ol
State Convention for the appointment of Dele
gates to a National Convention, and transacting
such other business as may be properly and ap
oronriately presented to said Convention.
Kesoivea, I bat tne several newspapers in tne
Stale friendly to the Hero of the Mexican War,
be respectfully requested to publish the procee
dings or this meeting
Resolved, I hat these proceedings be signed by
the Chairman and secretary ol this meeting.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
GERARD ROBINSON, Chairman
Clark H. Gbeen, Secretary.
To us the idea of any President apvoinHne
his successor, has always been one of horror.
We have trembled for the consequences to the in.
stitulions ol our country, cut there are excep
tions to all general rules; and thank boo, a
though President Polk has virtually nominated
Zachaby Taylob bis successor to, the Presiden
tial chair, the people of the United States 'much
as they may despise the man who has placed
him in nomination, will with one accord, prompt
ly, and grutelully respond to it. All the parties
and all the politicians in the country, may com.
bine against him; Abolitionism, Fourierism and
Radicalism, may unite to cry him down; the
north may rally as it pleases upon Wilmol pro.
vtsos, end the cry ol slave-holder may be utter
ed from every abolition press and abolition thioat
in the whole Union, but will not avail. A great,
generous, and grateful people, will unite wilh
one accord to place him in the very seat of him
who planned his destruction; and by so doing,
they will not only do honor to themselves, but
they will once more and we trust forever, hush
the cry ot disunion, and unite tne north and the
south in the bonds of fellowship and fraternal
love. Honor lasting honor to General Tay
lor and the Spartan band with which he fought
his way to Monterey. iv. x. uourter.
CC7We spent a couple of days at the
Mansion House, Boonville, recently. This
house is kept by Col. Pierce. His rooms
are handsomely furnished and his table
abounds with the best of every thing-
done up in first rate order. Any one giv
ing him a call will not regret it.
Surrender of the City and oft the Castle of '
i San Jan d'Ulloa t: J'
'From the Ner Orleans Evening Mercliry 2d. :,
The United Statci steamer Princeton,
Capt. Frederic Engle touched at the South
West Pass on vthe mornirig of the 2d, in
82 hours from-Vera Cruz,- By passengers
we have the following highly important in
telligence. . .
Gen. Scott having completed his en
trenchments' on the 22d ultimo, his line
nine miles in length, completely surround
ing the city, opened his batteries, consisting
of nine mortars, four 24-pounders and two
10 inch howitzers, at about 4 o clock on the
afternoon of that day.- The city and cas
tle commenced firing shot and shell from
the moment our troops were discovered
taking position, and the, firing between
both parties, from the time our batteries
opened, until the night of the 25th, was
heavy and uninterrupted. Un the 25th in
particular, the damage done to the city was
immense, a Daiiery oi iwo iniriy-iwo
pounders, from the Squadron, manned by
seamen; and commanded by officers from
the Squadron, was placed directly in the
rear ot the city on the morning of 22d
This battery told with such powerful effect
that ot the twelve batteries ot the enemy
surrounding the city, five were directed to
it,' without having the least ' effect in
dampening the ardor of those who worked
It was mounted by one hundred and fifty sea
men, and commanded by five or six officers,
the party being relieved every twenty. four hours,
Irom the squadron, and it is admitted that no
guns in our whole line were worked with betler
effect. This, however, is not the only partici
pation of our gallant Navy in the siege. On
the evening of the 22d, what is termed the
Mosquito fleet, consisting of the steamers Spit
fire, Capt. Tatnoll; and Vixen, Capt. Sands,
and schooners Petrel, Lieut. Shaw; Bonita,
Lieut. Benham; Reefer, Lieut. Sterrelt; Tarn
pico, Lieut. W. P. Griffin; and Falcon, Lieut.
Glasson, each vessel having one heavy gun and
commanded by Capt. Tatnall, moved up from
the anchorage at Sacrificios, on the afternoon
ot the SsiJd, and took position on the extreme
right of our line, close in shore, and commenced
firing shot and shell into the city. They re
tained this position until the morning of the
23d, when they got under way and stood within
about one quarter of a mile of the Castle, at a
point to the north of the Washerwoman shoal,
so that both Castle and City were within reach
of their guns. They remained in this position
during two or three hours, firing alternately into
the City and Castle, and notwithstanding its
close proximity to the tjastle, and the continued
firs of shell and shot from that point of the
enemy's defences', and from Fort Santiago, at
the southern extremity of the city, not a life
was lost, a wound received, or one of the ves
At the expiration of two or three hours, the
fleet was recalled, but during the period it was
engaged, it did much destruction to the city,
and annoyed the castle considerably by throwing
shell into it.
During the 26th, an extremely violent norther
blew, and the nre on both sides was auspennC?
during the whole day, and from our batteries on
the 25th, being so destructive to the city, the peo
nor clamoured for a surrender. Morales the Gover
nor, having declared his intention never to surren
der while it was possible to fire a gun, was de
posed, and Landero elected in his stead; and on
the morning of the 27th, a flag of truce was
sent with an offer to surrender the city by itself,
to which Gen. Scott replied that he could take
both city and castle, and that he would accept
only the surrender of both. The flag of truce
returned, but during the day negotiations were
again opened by the enemy, which ultimated
n the surrender ol HUTU THIS UI1Y AJNil
THE CASTLE !
Without entering into the details of the
terms, it will for the present be sufficient to
state that the garrisons, numbering in all
about one thousand men, surrendered priso
ners ot war, and the city and the castle
were delivered to us on condition that they
should be protected in their present condi
tion until the difficulties between the two
nations are settled by a treaty of peace.
The troops delivered up their arms, and
were permitted to retire into the interior on
condition ol not serving against us ngam
during the war. The 29th was fixed upon
as the day upon which our army should lake
possession, and on the morning of that day
(jen. bcott, with oen. worth end his dms
ion, accompanied by the chief officers of the
army and a large representation from the
squadron, entered and took possession, the
enemy at the same time marching out. As
the American nag was hoisted at the plaza,
and over San Juan de Ulloa, salutes were
fired simultaneously from the castle, the
batteries of the city and the squadron. Gen
Scott immediately took up his headquarters
in the palace, and invested uen. Worth
with the command of the city, as he gave at
the same time the command of the castle to
Colonel Belton, that of Fort Jago, at the
southern extremity of the city, to Major
Wright, and that ot fort Conception, at the
northern extremity, to Mai. bcott.
The smallness of our loss during the siege.
is wonderful; including Captains Alburtis
and Vinton, of the Army, and Midshipman
Shubrick, of the Mississippi, the latter of
whom was killed while employed in the na
vai battery, in the rear ot the city, our
whole loss in killed is only 17, and in woun
ded 23. That of the enemy's garrison our
inlorant did not learn, but understood that
Gen. Valdez was among the killed.
The loss among the non-combatants has
unfortunately been very great. The num
ber ot women and children killed is various
ly stated at from 500 to 2000.
The enemy assigns as a reason for the
early capitulation, a desire to spare the
blood of non-combatants, and because they
were out of provisions, both in the City
and the Castle. Several of the inhabitants
of the city staled, after its surrender, that
there was a month's provisions there; but
however, this may be, after the terms of
capitulation had been agreed upon, Gener
al Scott, on being informed of the scarcity
of provisions in the city, sent in four days
supplies for their relief.
Commodore Perry, during the siege, was
extremely strict in preventing any inter
course between the foreign vessels of war
and the enemy, and Gen. Scott refused to
afford ahe Br'uUb, nnd..Frnch xounaulMn !naVmovemcnUw.He.wM
opportunity of leaving the city when they heard oi tne revolution..., r ;
fnnM th. ,.---,.-, k- linlaoo warm of Mexico." He wrote thence on the 3d AMrch,
for their lafetv'.'es the had tefused 10 avail avowing hist opposition to IM
themselves of his first notification' fof all for
eigtl residents' to leave the city. " " !
The destruction to the city is very great.
Fully one-third of it is in ruins.
During the sieco. Col. Harney with 15U
dragoons and two pieces of artillery, had a
brush with 1600 of the enemy" Cavalry,
nnd two pieces of artillery, at Mnddellin, a
pushed on to Matehuala. He wrote thence on,
the 6 h'Olt. to the Secrotary or War, announ
cing that he would march on the capitol with a
D .... - i r I t -Imi-rt Ih.
large division, pi nis lorces, auu pi ....
revolution. . .:; i t- v ' 1
Another letter of the some date, 10 UOmea
Farias, is full of kindness for bim, and venge
ance upon the traitors. Una pnssnge amu.ru
"With reasooTaylor remarked at saiuiio,
small town about six or euiht miles aoulh ot three weeks since. lIdo not fear Santa Anna;
Vera Cruz, end repulsed the enemy, , -The thert will be a revolution in Mexico eery toon,
lUUXIUBUI IIUU CUIIIIIiaUU Ol H UllUgW vm M lunu no m.i. -."-
small river, which runs through the' town,
but were driven from it with a loss mucn
greater than was suffered by Col. Harney.
This is supposed to hove been the advance ol
10,000 of the enemy which are at Perote,
Th entrance of Santa Anna into Ban Lui
Putnai on iha 8th uh. was a triumphal one. All
classes went out to meet him two or three mile
on the road. ' At night he was serenaded, ana
the town illuminated.
rri rn J.. 1. .,. Jnan.ili In I Utk
, , . . , , , i a no iuiiow nig uur inniuwivii,-ii...
and which H is supposed designed -coming gecreUry of w,r, announcing that two brig-
u mo icoi vi uui mud uj a unuuvu. ade8 of jpfantfyj composed oi men, un
and creating a diversion in favor of thebe- lheir corresp0nding batteries, were on their
sieged. 1 ""' 1 ! marc, to San Luis, and they were to be follow-
lien. Scott, it was supposed, would advance I ed bv two others of all arms, to the aid of tnt
soon on the capitol . General Twigs' brigade, gumemt powers of the nation trailoriously attack-
when the Princeton lef t, was under arms, pre- This letter would lead one to suppose eon
parrd to march to Jalapa, and Gen. Quitman's clusively, that he intended to put down the at
brigade was preparing to march upon Alvara- temDt aeainst Gomes Farias' administration.
do, which, it was supposed, would be taken I jja denounces in unqualified terms the attempt
without much difficulty, as no preparation had al a revolution at such a time. : "' "
been made for a land attack . But the day afters March 10th, he wrote
Midshipman Rogers is at Perote, but it is not . wo nthnr letters to Mexico one to Gon Bara-
believed that it is designed to harm him ; and the head pf . the revolutionary party, the
the general opinion is, that he wonld have been olher t0 Gomez Farias. In these his tone is
liberated at Vara uruz, were it not trom the altered, lie denounces civil dissensions, but is
fear that he would impart to our foroes import, mnaiderata in seeking terms of courtesy to
ant information iu relation i to the defences of -ards Barngan and Farias. He conjures them
the city. to desist from further hostilites in the capitol,
1 he Princeton has gone to I'ensacola, where an(j announces his purpose of proceeding thith'
she will remain a short time, and then proceed er immediately. He tells Baragan not to fear
to Philadelphia for repairs.' She has on board
Com. Conner, and Col. Totten, Chiel of the En
gineer corps, who is the bearer or despatches
to the government irom ueneral Scott.
During the norther, on the S6th, nearly 30
merchant vessuls were driven ashore at SacrU
ficios, and it was supposed the greater number
ot them would be lost.
LATER FROM THE CITY OF MEXICO.
for himself or others compromised by the rev
olutionary attempt; that he has but one desire
to units all Mexicans. &o.. die.- . The latter to
Gome'z Farins is of such political Importance
that we make a hasty translation ol it;
Li derating Abmv iio. iic March 10.
Excellent Sir Unable .to remain indiffer
ent to the evils which the heroic caqitol is suf
fering, the victim of civil war and all the ca-
nnnties consequent upon i, and to the Iran-
Store of the Revolution there another American scendent evils which are thence extended to all
victory the tall ot Uhihuahua. Santa Anna s me jn-epuDiic, i nave ooiormmea, listening to
progress to the Capital Mexican reports of the voice of my conscience and the exigencies
their battles, (pc., of the nation, to submit to the sacrifice of pro.
From the New Orleans Picavune of the 6th. ceedln8 10 tne . aP" f. assume ,h8 re,n of
" I nMiann mi An I tmr i f h uihmh I hava hno n anlpildf.
n . ,i v- m i rp i uuvci iiiiioiui wiit inu a uarw ivsii vutiwdt
oy uie way ui vera Lruz ana lamnico, we 7. ... ,
nave received a me 01 our papers irom we ciiv t : : . ... e
v. wi.Aiw wiuv . in. ui ... u 1 v 1 1 . vui uiciiuuo 1 .,' . u - I n M.,nAir :n .La
, . .1 , , n , n t U aTlUK TUU Ilia UUUI 1 UiD.OIII IIIVSOII II, UIO
" ; " . 'V . canitol. which wi 1 be verv soon, tor 1 shall oro
ins papers are occupied wim me miserooie ij ,u:i.. i... r. i :..-.,. .,.. ia
, -, f .1 t . .) r I UCCU II1II1IOI U IVIUCU lUUlllOTa. JUU .UU1U
one under Gomez Farias, the Vice President; the
other under Gen. Pennay Barragan. Much blood
has been shed, but without any decisive effect.
Both parlies were obstinate in their purpose
me one oi retaining power, the other of earning
it. Accounts were sent off speedily to Santa
give directions to suxnend hostilities of every
kind in obedience to the voice ol teason and,
humanity which is impiously outraged by th
shedding of Mexican blood, which sught only
to now on the fields or battle, in driving back
our unjust invaders.
To lien. Matias de la Pennay Barragan,
Anna, with details of the revolutionary attempt, Cllief of th(. prenunciados, I have made the same
and as he fell back from the north, the combat.
ants fell off in their violence, and a kind of hoi
low truce was observed before the 17th of March.
Further mention is made of this business below.
We wish here to recur to another victory of the
2 Republieano of the 15th March, announ
res that the American arms have triumphed in
Chihuahua: test the city of Chihuahua, the cani.
tal of the State, has fallen. The small forces
which defended it, says the Republieano, were
routed. Tha same number of the paper, and the
recommendation, end I trust that the chief of
both the belligerent forces will observe the
truce indicated, in consideration of the noble
views which impel me to solicit it.
I transmit this for your intelligence and that
it may receive compliance from you out of re
spect to the patriotic ends I have proposed to
God and Liberty,
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
There followed from these letters, which
were published on the 13th or 14th, a suspsn-
number of the 17th, complains that the Govern- sion of hostilities, -though each party accused
ment does not publish the details of the fighting, the other of violating the truce. Santa Anna
declaring that Mexican courage is not to be daun- had not arrived on the 17th, but would recoun
ted by such reverses. As we cannot then give ter no difficulty in assuming power. All par-
the details of the action, we may as well add the ties were waiting for him impati ntly, and each
latest news ol the position and numbers ot the claiming that he will side with them. Kepre-
opposing forces. It must be borne in mind that sentations had been made to him in abundance,
these accounts are Mexican. and large delegations of influential men naa
A letter from Durango is published, dated gone on towards San Luis to meet and propiti-
March 4th, which says that Gen. Gracia Conde ate him. The report sent us by Mr Kendall,
left Chihuahua on the 19ih Febrnary, at the head that he was in the capitol by the 19th, and
of eizht hundred cavalry, to meet the American in full possession of power, we have no doubt
nvndcrs, and had arrived on the 22d at the haci- was true.
enaa ol .nciniuias, wmcn is bdoui seventy miles RAIL ROAD MEETING
. i. .1 J- 1. 1 L'-. I.' 1 1 i -
IIUlllJ, Ull MIC IUUU IV i.1 i. POUi AlUlllAJUt-llilliaoi ,, , ,, . .
Conde noshed forward scouline narties. and on At 8 we atlended and respectable meeting of
the 23d February moved wilh his main bodv to the 'he citizens of Fayette, convened in the Court
Boguilla del Pastor, which is about eighteen House, on Saturday evening, 10th inst., pursu-
miles rrom hncinillas, and about eighty miles anl to nrevious nublic notice, for iha
that th; Ihi." . to the numTer of takin? int0 P"M V f
nine hundred, were at oarinen Dy the sod, hav
ing lust marched thither from Carrizal.
It was Conde's intention to wait at Boguilla
the attack of the Americans, and he was to be
joined there by the force of Gen. Heridia, con
sisting of bUU infantry, bUO dragoons, and ten
pieces of artillery. The junction had not been
structing a rail road from Fayette to Glasgow, on
the Missouri river,
DR. WILLIAM R. SNELSON, was called
I to the Chair, and Wh. McNaib. appointed
After due discussion and Interchange of senti.
effected on the 23d, Gen. Heridia being then ailment the following resolutions were introduced
the hacienda of Torreon, which is but a few
miles, (eight or ten, we judge by the maps) from
Chihuahua. Whether the junction was effected
we do not know. Conde s position is said to
have been excellently chosen, but we find it
stated that he had thrown up redoubts, and block
ed up the roads, in order to hold the Americans
in check, and favor a retreat in case be were
beaten. We cannot but infer, from the manner
in which the Republieano introduces the subject,
that Chihuahua did not full till afier a battle glo
rious to the American arms.
by W. F. Birch, Esq., and adopted:
Resolved, That we consider it practicable and
proper that a rail road be constructed from this
place to Glasgow, on the Missouri river.
Resolved, That the citizens of Fayette. Glas
gow, end Howard county, should make a decided
effort to accomplish it.
Resolved, I hat the citizens of Glasgow be re.
quested to express their sentiments on this ques
tion, at the earliest practicable period. '
liesoivta, that a committee of three be ap.
American traders had previously introduced 8criDtion. and tha. ha share8 ba
hundred dollars each.
Resolved, That said committee also prepare
an act of incorporation, to be submitted to the
next General Assembly, for approvnl and adop.
Resolved, That we are willing to trust tha
General Assembly, for a reasonable and judicious
charter, and express our preference for the imme.
large quantities of goods into Chihuahua. A let.
ler dated thence the 21st of February, Bays that
forty.six wagon loads of linen goods had lately
arrived, and were in the course of distribution
for the interior. The trade was partially conceal
ed under the names or roreign residents.
The Kepubiicano or the 17th ol March, re
ports that Indians of INew Mexico, Los Ohi-
mayosj 10 tne numoer oi ouuu, nave i risen diBla pr0,ecuti()q of the work.
OLaiiiat tug siiiici ivniiBe niiu tuiiicu tits wvtws . . , ,
Drev ous v in nsurrection. ..- j ,
' -., . . . - . . I a . fallnu.-
We rto not find Kl Kemibltcano makinrr verv v. "--
great ado about the victory ofSanta Anna at Bu- Messrs. W. r. Birch, A. Hendrix, and Win,
ena Vista. It republishes what El Soldado de McJNair.
la Patria says on the subject, but without com- On motion, it was
man? ' aii Minta a nnn a avtnana in vn rintm ihi i t- i .1 mi , ...
...v... .... m w-twwt-v- ... . 1 itesnivipn.. tint rnmmiiipn m tiua ha .
ters, general orders, c are g veo, oui mere is oinled . attend meelin. t0 be he,d GIai
r...i.. f .L. s: '
no attempt at glorification. The editor regrets
that the destitution of provision prevented ban
ta Anna from fallowing up the advantages ob
tained by him, but nowhere that we have seen,
pretends to claim a decided victory.
Santa Anna held a council of war on the 2fiih
February, at Agua Nueva, and they unanimous.
ly advised a retreat to San Luis. Sauta Anna
was of the same opinion, and ordered the re
council of war are
na's despatch foun
He announces that be has left 3,000 cavalry
behind him to hold Gen. Taylor in check, though
according to Santa Anna, Gen. T. has been so
cut up that all American designs in that direc
tion are completely frustrated.-v -.
Our readers will be inieroried in Santa An-
for the purpose of expressing the views of the
citizens hereof on the above subject.
Whereupon the following gentlemen were an.
pointed by the Chair :
Messrs. Charles R. Scott, W. F. Birch. John
Wilson, Clark H. Green, John D. Perry.
The following was then adopted:
Resolved, That this meeting adjourn Ull the
. The proceedings ol the fif8t Satuiday in Moy, to receive the report of the
J ;iveo at length in Santa An. meeting in Glasgow,
ed thereon. W. R. SNELSON. Chm'n.
W11. McNaib, Sec'y. .
Wmo Thu'mpii in New Our
The municipal election took place in New
uneaos on tne otn, and resulted in tha
complotc triumph of the whigs.