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Boon's Lick times. (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, May 22, 1847, Image 2

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For President
Uciicral Zachary Taylor,
" Between my government and a foreign nation
1 never ink a nation : M Y GO YERSMEST
IS ALWAYS RWUT.nGtn. Taylor.
SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1847.
Thursday' mail brought us Liter news
from Mexico than that which w ill be found
in another column.
All the volunteers with Gen. Scott, it is
stale J, will return homo as goon as their
term of service expires. This reduction
in his forces, it is thought, will retard his
movements for soma time.
Capt. II. L. Scott, Adjutant General of
the Commander in Chief, reports the entire
loss in killed, wounded and missing at Ccrro
Gordo, at four hundred and twenty-five,
which, of course must ba correct, as ho
has made it out from corrected returns.
Gen. Shields, it is confidently hoped and
believed, will recover.
It is stated that the Mexican Govern
ment had abandoned the capitol, and re
moved to a small town on the mountains,
taking with them all the archives, and that
a deputation of the citizens had been sent
to Gen. Scott, asking him to advance for
the protection of the city.
Santa Anna' army was completely dis
persed, and his power and influence entire
ly gone. It was generally understood that
he was endeavoring to leave the country,
Proclamations had been issued, call ing
for the organization of guerrilla regiments,
and that system of warfare was to be
adoDted on a lame scale. The trains to
and from Vera Cruz have to be accompa
nied by strong escorts, as the route was in
fested by numerous bands of marauders.
There is considerable sickness among the
troops particularly at Vera Cruz and in
the Castle.
It was a general opinion in the army that
there would be no more regular fighting,
There was no certainty as to General
Scott's course. It was thought that in con
sequence of the great difficulty attending
keeping up a regular line of communica
tion between his forces and Vera Cruz
that he would not attempt it, but push for
ward, depending on the country for sup
plies. His dispatch to the government, de
tailing an account of the battle, did not set
"forth his intentions in this respect, although
he spoke of the difficulty of keeping open
his line of communication, and of the
want of means of transportation. He was
in bad health, having had repeated attacks
of ague.
Gen Tavlor was still at Monterey the
main portion of his army being in the vi
cinity of Saltillo. Nothing is said as to a
forward movement on his part.
The tone of the Mexican press and peo
pie, is averso to peace.
Randolph: Volunteers. We under
stand from a letter in town, written by
one of the Randolph volunteers, from Bent's
Fort, that Capt. Jackson had been ordered
. back to Santa Fe, by Col. Price at which
place all appeared to be quiet, though it
was generally believed the Mexicans were
only awaiting a favorable opportunity to
make another attempt to expel the Amer
icans from the country. The volunteers
are generally very anxious to return home;
but few of them will re-enlist. Uncle
Sam, they consider a hard master and poor
Fuom Chihuahua. Yesterday's mail
. brought us a couple of letters from our
much esteemed friend, Tuos. J. Uartiio
low, written at Chihuahua, under date of
: the 4th ond 7th March. They are entirely
occupied with the details of the battle of
. Sacramento, and would have been invalua
ble, had they arrived in anything like rea
sonable time. The particulars of that en
gagement our readers are in full possession
of, and in the present crowded state of
our columns we are compelled to lay them
aside, He speaks in the highest terms of
the conduct of the troops in the two en
, gogements they had with the enemy as,
indeed, does every body. Missouri may
well be proud of the gallantry of her sons,
as displayed in the various battles fought
in New Mexico. The brilliant victories
achieved there, belong exclusively to Mis
souri at they were won by the stout arms
' and brave hearts of hers sons alo.ne!
Gen. Houston, in an address to the citi
tens of San Augustine, Texas, on the 20th
ult., stated that both himself and colleague,
' Gen. Rusk, bad been offered a major gen
eralship in the army, which was declined,
because they did not approve of the mode
ot conducting the army adopted by Gen.
Wo have been politely furnished with a
letter from Mr. Jons T. HtoiiEs, of Don
iphan's regiment, to his brother in this
county, from which we make the following
extracts. The letter is dated,
Saltillo, April 4, IS 17.
I am now in Saltillo, the capitol of
the State of Coaliuln. I am in Gun, Tayloi's
and Wool's camp, and will tell you how I came
here. Col. Doniphan determined after tho battle
of Sacramento, to send an express to Gen.
Wool; myself and thirteen other men volun-
teeted our services to bear his express. We left
Chihuahua on the 20th March and arrived here
on the 2d of April, 14 days, a distance of near
GOO miles through the enemy's country. We
had to travol all the way in the nrght, over moun.
tains and deserts through thorns and. prickly
pear bushes. We passed (he following route
from Chihuahua to Santa Rosalia, thence to
Guajnguilla, thence to Malpimi in Durango,
thence to San Sebastian, on the Rio Nasus,
thence to Parras and thence to Saltillo. At San
Sebastian an attempt was made to take us pris.
oners. Don Ignatius Jermanez told us he had
orders to stop us and make prisoners ol us ond
take us to Durango. We told him if he wanted
us to take us. tie and about 100 men demsn
ded of us our passports. We showed them our
rifles and holsters these are the passports of
American citizens. They followed us 75 miles.
meditating an attack, but finally left us and we
got here safely.
We will start back shortly, I think Gen.
Wool will order Col. Doniphan to join him
with all his force. Gen. Wool has sent Doni
phan's dispatches to Gen. Taylor, at Monterey
to have his advice on the subject.
This is a large city a little larger than Chi
huahua, but not so fine. It contains a magnifi
cent church and its population is near. 30, 000.
fjCfCol. Benton, pursuant to invitation,
addressed a large assemblage of the citi
zens of St. Louis, on Thursday evening of
last week. His speech was mainly con
fined to the Oregon, Texas, and War ques
tions. He gives the Tyler administration
the credit (or blame) of bringing on the
war, by a too hasty consummation of the
annexation of Texas not forgetting to in
elude those "new" friends of Texas who
shouted so loudly for "immediate annexa
tion," during the last canvass. He also em
braces the occasion to repeat, in substance,
that those Oregonites who were willing to
"fight, bleed and die" for the " whole or
none," those redoubtable "fifty-four forty"
men that they deserved to be "cut for
the simples!" They will now aver this is
one of the greatest speeches ever de
livered !
Music Pianos. -Those of our readers
who may desire to furnish themselves with
a Piano-Forte, of superior finish and tone,
are referrd to the advertisement of Messrs.
IIallet, Cumstox & Allen, in another
column. By calling, per reference in ad
vertisement, one of the instruments of
their make can be seen, which we are as
sured, for finish and tone, cannot be sur
passed embracing, as it does, all the recent
improvements and additions.
Result op the Virginia Election.
The Richmond Enquirer and Whig, both
agree in the entire result of the election.
The following comprises the Congressional
Democrats. Whigs.
Arch. Atkinson, John M. Bolts,
Geo. C. Dmmgoole, John S. Pendleton,
Tims. S. Bocnck, Thos. S. Flournpy,
I h's. 11. Havly, Win. 1.. Wo'gin,
R. T. L. B.!a'le, . Wm. B. Prrsion,
Henry Bedinger, Andrew S. Fulton C
James McDowell,
Win. G. Brown,
Thompson 0.
The following result of the Legislative
election is given by both the Whig and En
quirer: Democrats.
Sonata hold over Hi
Jilecled this spring
11 Dem. mij. 10.
72 W. inoj. 10.
House of Delegates (jj
83 63
A tie on j oint ballot. Last year there
was a Democratic majority of 22.
Gen. Taylor in Mississippi. The Lo
cofoens of Columbus recently held a meet
ing to glorify their parly in general; but
knowing that there are exceptions to all
rules, they adopted a resolution in the fol
lowing words:
RssoLvrB, That our Senators and Representa
tives in Congrets have faithfully done their duty,
and we hereby tender them our cordial appioba
tion and congrutulmion: Provided, that nothing
herein contained shall be construed as an ap.
proval of the course pursued by the Hon. Jacob
Thompson on the resolutions of thanks, by Con.
greas to General Zachabv Tavlor.
Ficklin's turn will come next to be dis
owned by his party.
The latest news from Europe is of a
gratifying nature to our agriculturalists.
Breadstuff's had advanced in price, and the
stock on hand was becoming light. Cot
ton had also advanced. The news had the
effect of advancing prices at home, and
giving business an active tendency. No
other news of moment.
Death op a Senator. The last Nat
chez paper announces the death of Gen.
J. Speight, Senator in Congress from Mis
Action op tbi Mexican Congress.
The Mexican Congress, on tho receipt of
the news of Cerro Gordo, immediately
held a special session and passed a Decree,
the contents of which show that (ho ma
jority were still for resistance, but feared
the possibility of revolutionary attempts to
make peace.
The preamble sets forth that the first
public necessity is that of preserving a
centre of union to direct the national do
fence, and to avoid the danger of a revolu
tionary power arising which might dissolve
the National Union, destroy its institutions,
or consent to the dismemberment of its terri
The following are the articles of this
Art. 1. The Supreme Government is author
ized to dictate all necessary measures lor carry
ng on the war. defending the nationality of the
Republic, and raving the ftderal republican form
of government.
Art. the preceding article does not au
thorize the Executive to make a peace with the
United Slates, conclude a negociation with lor
eign powers, nor dispose, in whole or in part, of
the territory ot the ilepuhiic.
Art. o. fciVtry agreement shall oe null and
void which may be made between the Govern
ment of the United States and any authority
whatever, which should set aside the legally es
tablished supreme powers of the Union.
Art. 4. Lvery individual is declared a trai
tor who may enter into treaties with the United
States of America.
Art. 5. In the event that the actual Con
gress finds it impossible to continue its sessions,
a permanent committee shall be immediately in
Art. 6. This committee, in the absence of
Congress, shall perform the duties of a Govern
ment Council; shall appoint, in the case of va
cancy, the person who is to take charza tempo
rarily of the Executive powers of the Republic;
shall regulate the counting and the taking of the
voles in the election ol a new rresident; shall
give possession to the elected person, and shall
call together the national representation.
Art. 7. The powers which the piesent de
cree confer on the Government shall cease as
soon as tho war is concluded.
The El Monitor, published in the city of Mexi
co, of the 0th of April, puts forth a warm ap
peal to the patriotism of the people to defend
their wives and children, their homes and fire
6'des, against the invading foe, to disregard his su
perior means and resources, and to dispute every
inch of ground with him. The Mexicans are
counselled to change their mode of conducting
the war, and instead of confining themselves in
defenceless cities to ba murdered by the enemy's
cannon, they ore advised- to guard the many
natural passes and strong defences which the
country affords, and to carry on fierce partisan
warfare. The Mexican Government is duly
impressed with the necessity of thus conducting
the war, and of the complete ruin which must
be the fate of Mexico if an opposite course is
pursued. '"Vera Ciuz," says El Monitor, 'is a
lasting testimonial of the savage manner in which
our enemy is waging war, and of the brutalities
of a reckless soldiery. Shall we continue this
mode of defending our country in preference to
selecting the innumerable mountains, the passes,
the cliffs which the invaders must traverse be.
fore they reach the capitol of this Republic!
Shall we expose delicate women and innocent
children to cruel deaths, and still more cruel out
rag, by keeping up this disastrous system of
warfare? 'But, adds the writer, 'it is not alone
necessary that we should avail ourselves of the
natural defences of (he country; it is also neces
sary tint every citizen, without any exception,
should aid in maintaining the independence of
ihe country, rto profession or social relation
should exempt any man from the duty of bearing
ar ns in defence of the country.'
The Government is then appealed to, to com
pel all citizens lo share in the labors and glories
of the war, and to reward those who with alacrity
lake arms.
At a session of Congress on the 30th of March,
'a letter was received from Santa Anna atating
that he was compelled to leave the Presidency,
to proceed towards Vera Cruz, to defend ihe coun
try against ihe invaders. Permission was given
to ihe President to leave accordingly. A Provis
ional President was authorised to be appointed,
according to the Constitution of 1821.
On the 5th of April, one Gamboa made a
speech in Congress. He was in favor of renew,
ed exertion on the part of his countrymen, in de.
fence of their homes. Fie drew a comparison
between the American forces and the Mexican.
After enumerating the strength of Santa Anna's
Army, ho then refers to Scott:
"The one ny'a arrny, according to information
from every person wliu has seen it has only about
.')(KI0 regulars, and the remaining furces are com.
p'ned if banditti, without the slightest knowledge
of military tnciii:s, without instruction of any de
scription, without confidence, and generally easi ly
We are inclined to think, that by thia time,
Gamboa has a better, opinion of our volunteers
or 'banditti' os he termed them.
Gamboa thought the defeats of Santa Anna
very doubtful, "suppose for a moment that the
American army, without loosing a single man,
should arrive even within sight of this city
would it be possible that 9, 10, 15, or even
20,000 men nhoutd - cause a city of more than
250,000 inhabitants to surrender? If such a
thing should happen if wa should consent to
such a surrender, without the strongest resistance
the whole world would forever refer to us as
example of the vilest, most cowardly and con
fmptible race on earth, and wa would not de
serve from any nation the slightest regard or com
passion. "
Gambos is correct in his conclusions, still we
think he will have the mortification of seeing
"such a thing happen,"
Gamboa concludes his tirade, by offering the
following propositions to Congress:
1st. 'That our government will proceed imme
diately, to place ihe city in a manner fit to resist
the invasion of the North Americans 2d. That
every power which may be considered necessary
for this object shall be granted to the Executive
3d. That should the means of resistance be ex
hausted, and the Capitol be occupied by the Amer
icana, Congress will meet where the President
should determine 4th. When the removal of Con.
gress shall be determined, any majority will ba
sufficient to constitute it." .
Sonora Pedro Maria Anaya was duly appoin
ted Provisional President of the Republic, and he
has published several of his addresses to the citi
zens and to the soldiers. These addresses are
long, and filed with Mexican flummery, Tho
one to th soldiers concludes lu the following'
"Soldiers, the moment of trial has at last ar
rived: it will neither be Ions nor doubtful, because,
in order to triumph, we only need follow the foot
steps of the nation from which we are descend
ants. Spain saved herself in 1808, because hc
never entered- into peace- or agreements with her
Invaders. Lei us imitate her constancy, and we
shall be saved. Ood and liberty!"
All the speeches and public addresses breathe
a fierce and determined hostility against our coun
try, and excludea all thoughts ol peace. A guer.
ilia war, and one of posts, is advised by the lead,
ing members of Congress.
The New Orleans Delta, of the 6th inst.,
says: "We yesterday conversed with an omcer
direct from Saltillo. He left there on the 14th
ult. The force stationed there end at Buena
Vista, under the command ot uen. wool, was
composed of the 1st end 2d Illinois regiments,
the 2d Kentucky regiment, the lid and dd Indi
aniens, and the Arkansas cavalry. The 1st and
2 J Illinois were about to leave; ihe term of en
listment of the whole of them will have expired
between the 1st and the 2Ulh prox.
The artillery force that was in the battle of
Buena Vista, are still stationed there, as are also
Col. May a dragoons. A squadron of the latter,
numbering some 200, under Lieut. Rucker, made
a scout in the adjoining country. Ihey lound
Gen. Minor) in the neighborhood of Encarnacion,
at the hend ol a thousand or ratteen hundred Ian
cers. They thought todiaw a fight from Minor),
but were unsuccessful. Three of ihe party, who
seperated themselves from the main body, cot kill
ed before ihey returned lo camp by some prowl
ing Mexicans who hung about their lines.
The troops at Buena Vista and Saltillo were
in excellent health; and the wounded, who were
daily visited by Gen. Wool, and who saw that all
their wants were attendid to, were rapidly im
proving. With th'e wounded Mexicans, who are
in a eeperate hospital, attended by their own sur
geons, it is different.
Gen. Taylor is still at the Walnut Springs.
He has heard of his nomination for the Presiden
cy by several presses and persons in the United
States, but avoids referring to it or saying aught
about it. He evidently appears chagrined, but
at or about what he does not communicate to those
about him. Our informant left bis camp on the
19th ult.
The Kentucky Rifles, who were then at the
Walnut Springs, were to start for Camargo, on
their way home, will) the next down train.
The head quarters of Humphry Marshall's
Kenlucky cavalry was Cerralvo. Tom. Mar
shall's company was at Camargo. But few or
none of the volunteers will re-enlist.
City of Chihuahua, March 4th, 1817. )
I have the honor to report to you the move
ment of the army under my command since my
last official report.
On the evening of the 8ih of February, 1847,
we left the town of El Paso del Norte, escorting
the merchant train or caravan ol 61b wagons for
the city of Chihuahua. Our force consisted of 924
effective men, 117 officers and privates of the ar
tillery; 93 of Lieut. Col. Mitchell's escort, and
the remainder the 1st regiment Missouri mounted
volunteers. We progressed in the direction of
this place until thezoih, when we were inform
ed by our spies that the enemy, to the number of
l.auU men, weie at Inseneas, the country seat of
Gov. I rias, about so miles in advance.
When wa arrived, on the evening of the 2Gih,
near that point, we found that the force had re
treated in the direction of this city. On ihe
evening of the 27th we arrived at Sans, and learn
ed from our spies that the enemy, in great force
had fortified the pass of ihe Sacramento river
about 15 miles in advance, and about the same
distance from this city. We were also informed
that there was no water between the point we
were at and that occupied by ihe enemy; we
therelore determined lo halt until morning. At
sunrise on the 28th, ihe last day of February, we
took up the line of march and formed the whole
. . t. . - .
train, consisting ol olo heavy traders wagons
and our commissary and company wagons, into
lour columns, thus shortening our line so as to
make it more easily protected. We placed the
aitillery and all the command, except 200 caval
ry proper, in the intervals between the columns
of wagons. We thus fully concealed our force
and its position by masking our force with the
cavalry. When we arrived within three miles
of the enemy, we made a reconnoisance of hi
position ana me arrangement ot ins torces. 1 his
we could easily do, the road leading through an
open prairie valley between the Steril mountains.
The pass of the Sacramento is formed by a
point of the mountains on our right, their left
extending into the valley or plain so as to narrow
the valley to about 1J miles. On our left was a
deep dry channel of a creek, and between these
points the plain rises to sixty feet abiuptly. This
rise is in the form of a crescent, the convex part
being to the north of our forces. On tho right,
from the point of mountains, a narrow part of the
plain extends north 1 J miles lurther than on the
left. The main road passes down the centre of
the valley and across the crescent, near the left
or dry branch.
The Sacramento rises in the mountains on the
right, and the road falls on it about one mile
below the battle field or entrenchment of the ene.
my. We ascertained that the enemy bad one
battery of four guns, two nine and six pounders,
on the point of the mountain on our right (their
left,) at a good elevation to aweep the plain and
at the point where the mountains extended fur.
thest into the plain.. On our left (their right)
ihey had another battery on an elevation com
manding the road and three entrenchments of
two six pounders, and on the brow of the cres
cent near the centre, another of two six and four
and six culverins, or rampart pieces, mounted on
carriages; and on the crest of ihe hill or ascent
between the batteries, and the right and left they
had 27 redoubts dug and thrown up, extending at
short intervals across the whole ground. In these
their infantry were placed and were entirely pro
lected. Thoir cavalry was drawn up in front of
the redoubts in lha intervals four deep, and in
front of ihe redoubts two deep, so as to mask
them as far as practicable. When we had arri
ved within one and a half miles of the entrench
menta along the main road, we advanced the cav
alry still further, and suddenly diverged with the
columns to lha right so as lo gain the narrow part
of the ascent on our right, which the enemy dis
covering, endeavored to prevent by moving for
ward with 1,000 cavalry and four pieces of can
non in their rear masked by them. . Our move,
menis were so rapid that we gained the elevation
with our forces and the advance of our wagonsin
time to form before. they arrived within reach of
our guns, ihe enemy baited and wa advanced
lha head of our column wiihin 1,200 yards of
thern, so as lo let our wagons attain the high
lands and form as before.
We now commenced the action by a brisk fire
from our battery, and the enemy unmasked and
commenced1 air; our fires proved1 effective at this
distance, killing fifteen men, wounding and disa.
bltng one or the enemies guns, we naa two
men slightly wounded and several horses and
mules killed. The enemy then slowly retreated
behind their works in some confusion, and we re
sumed our march in our former order, still diver.
ging more to the right to avoid their battery on
our left, (their right,) and their strongest redoubts,
which were on the lell near where the road pass
es. After marching as lar as we saieiy couia,
without coming wiihin range of iheir heavy bat
lery on our right, Capt. Weightman, of the anil
lery, was ordered lo charge with lha two 12 pound
howitzers, to bs supported by the cavalry, under
Capls. Reid, Parsons, and Hudson. The howit
zers charged at speed, and were gallantly sustain
ed by Capt: Reid; but by some misunderstanding,
my order was not given to the other two compa
nies. Capt. Hudson, anlicipaliong my order,
charged in lime lo give ample support to the
howitzers. Captain Parsons, at the same mo
ment, came to me and asked permission for his
company to charge ihe redoubts immediately to
the left of Capt. Weightman, which he did very
gallantly. The remainder of the two battalions
of the 1st regiment were dismounted during the
cavalry charge, and followed rapidly on foot, and
Major Clarke advanced as last as practicable
with the lemainder of battery, we charged their
redoubts from light to left, with a brisk and dead
ly fire of riflemen, while Major Clarke opened a
rapid and well directed fire on a column of caval
ry attempting to pass to our left so as to attack
ihe wagons end our rear. The fire was so well
directed as to force them to fall back; and our
riflemen, with the cavalry and howitzers, cleared
after an obstinate resistance. Our forces advan
ced lo the very brink of their redoubts and at
tacked ihem with their sabres. When the re
doubts were cleared, and ihe batteries in the cen
tre and our left were silenced, the main battery
on our right still continued to pour in a constant
and heavy fire, as it had done during ihe heat of
the engagement; but as the whole fate ol ihe bat
tie depended upon carrying ihe redoubts and
centre battery, this one on the right remained un
attacked, and the enemy had rallied there bve
hundred strong,
Maj. Clarke wasdirected lo commence a heavy
fire upon it, while Lieuts. Col. MilcheJI and
Jackson, commanding the 1st battalion, were or
tiered to remount and charge the battery on the
left, while Mai. Gilpin was directed lo pass the
2d battalion on loot up the rough ascent of th
mountain on the opposite side. The fiie of our
battery was so effective as to completely silence
theirs, and the rapid advance of our column put
them to flight over the mountains in great conlu
Capt. Thompson, of the 1st dragoons, acted
as my aid and adviser on the field during the
whole engagement, and was ol the most essen
lial service to me. Also, Lieut. Wooster, of the
U. S. army, who acted very coolly and gallant
ly. Major Campbell, of Springfield, Missouri,
also acted as a volunteer aid during part of the
time, but left me and joined Capt Reid in his gal
lant charge. Thus ended the battle of Sacra
mento. The force of the enemy was 1,200 rav.
airy from Durango and Chihuahua with the Vera
Cruz dragoons, and 1.200 infantry Horn Cliihua
hua, 300 aitillerists. and 1,450 rancheros badly
armed with lassos, lances, and machctoes, or corn
.knives, ten pieces of artillery, 2 nine, 4 eight, 4
six, and 2 four-pounders, and six culverins, or
rampart pieces. Their forces were commanded
by Major Gen. Hendea, general of Durango,
Chihuahua, Senora and New Mexico; Brig. Gen.
Jestimani, Brig. Gen. Garcia Conde, formerly
minister of war for the republic of Mexico, who
is a scientific man, and planned this whole field
of defence; Gen. Uguerte, end Governor Trias,
who acted as Brigadier General on the field, and
colonels and other officers without number.
Our force was 924 effective men; at least one
hundred of whom were engaged in holding hor
ses ond driving teams.
The loss of the enemy was his entire artillery,
10 wagons, masses of beans and pinola, and oth
er Mexican provisions, about three hundred kill
ed and about the same number wounded, many of
whom have since died, and forty prisoners.
The field was literally covered with the dead
and wounded from our artillery and the unerring
fire ef our riflemen. Night put p stop lo the car.
nage, and ihe battle having commenced about 3
o'clock. Our loss was one killed, one mortally
wounded, and seven so wounded as to recover
without any loss of limbs. I cannot speak too
highly of the coolness, gallantry, and bravery of
the otucers and men under my command.
I was ably sustained by (he field officers Lieut.
Cols. Mitchell and Jackson, of lha first battalion,
and Major Gilpin, of the 2d battalion; and Mnj.
Clarke and his artillery acted nobly and did the
most effective service in every part of the field.
It is abundantly shown, in the charge made by
Capt. Weightman with the section of howitzers
that they can be used in . any charge of cavalry
with great effect.- Murh has been said, and Justly
said, of the gallantry of our artillery, unlimher
ing wiihin 260 yards of the enemy at Palo Alto:
hut how much mors daring was the charge of
captain weightman, when he unlimbered within
fifty yards of the redoubts of the enemy.
On ihe 1st day of March we took formal pos
session of the capital of Chihuahua in ihe name
of our Government. We were ordered by Gen.
Kearney to report to Gen. Wool at thia place:
since our arrival, we hear he is at Saltillo, sur
roundea ij nemy. " Our present purpose is
either to force our way to him, or return by Bex.
ar. as our terra of service expires on the last day
of May next.
I have th honor lo he your obedient servant.
A. W. DONIPHAN, Col. 1st Rent. Mo. Vol.
Brig. Gen. R. Jones, Adj'i Gen. U. S A.
We moke the following extracts from a
letter written by Col. W. II. Russell, to the
Republican, dated, "City of Angels, Upper
California, 20th January, 1847"
We found Gen. Kearney here wilh instructions
from the Secretary of War to conquer the coun
try, and institute a civil government; bnt Coin.
Stockton, who was also here, maintained that
ihe conquests had been made by him and Col.
Fremont, and as an incident to it, the- right of
forming a civil government belonged to him; and
that Gen. Kearney's orders were now obsolete,
because the business for which he had come, had
been anticipated by others.
The Commodore therefore, appointed, as be
fore remarked, Col. Fremont as Governor, ' and
myself as Secretary of State, and ordered the
convocation of a Legislative assembly, which is
to meet on the 1st day of March,
This ia truly, in many respects, a fairy land.
We are now luxuriating in oranges, grapes and
pears, crops of the last year.
I do not know when I shall certainly return.
If allowed to remain in my present position, I
cannot leave this year. If ordered to leave it, I
may reach home some Hint in the courss of the
. ARMY. , , i
,Tha U. S. transport steamship New Orleans,
Capt. Wright, from Vera Crus arrived at New
Orleans on the oth Inst. She left on the evening
of ihe29th till., end brought correspondence and
the latest papers lo the day of her sailing. Wa
copy the following important Intelligence from -,,
the N..O. Delta: , . ' '
' By this arrival wo have received a voluminous
correspondence and files of Mexican and AmerU
can papers not forgetting the American Star, atu.
excellent paper just established at Jalapa. -, , The
news is interesting in every particular. The ar. . ,
my met with no opposition on the march to Per
ote, nor is it expected that any serious obstruction
will be encountered this side of Puebla, if indeed
at that place. '.
Santa Anna escaped throngh a mountain pass
from Cerro Gordo, and was at Orizaba at last ac
counts, wailing reinforcements. It was said that ;
he designed adopting a guerilla mode of opeiation
for the war. - The city of Mexico was astounded
by the battle of Cerro Gordo. Great prepara. '.
tions were being made lor us deience.
The road from Vera Cruz to Ihe army was in.
fested with armed banditti, who attacked . weak ,,
parties or trains unprovided with a sufficient es- ;
cort. , ,
The vomiio had not broken out in Vera Cruz.
Correspondence of tho Delta.
Jalapa, Mexico, April 21, 1847..
Eds. Delta I arrived at this lovely place yes-
terday morning, and found that General Twiggs,
had hoisted the American flag in the city the day
before. He followed the retreating heroes ol
Cerro Gordo to within a few miles of Jalapa,
when all truces of them, as a body disappeared,
and he encamped for the night within three miles
of the (own that evening, entered and took pos-
session ol it early ihe next morning.
Santa Anna did not pass through Jalapa, but,
in company wilh Ampudia and Torrejon, turned
off to ihe left at hia hacienda, and halted for the
night at ihe "nine mile pass, which was being
fortified, but which it was deemed prudent to
evacuate. This evacuation took place yesterday
morning, and in the evening Col. Harney's dra
goons took possession of the Pass Gen. Worth
lollowing in their footsteps. A number of small
arms were taken at the Pass, but they are of lit
tie or no value.
1 am extremely glad to have it in my power to
state to you that Gen. Shields has improved
much since my last, and Lieut. Hammond, who
come from him this evening, thinks lhat there is
a probability of his recovery. Col. Childs is the
military Governor of Jalapa.
Jalapa April 23, 10 a. m.
Eds. Delta An express has just got in from
Perote. Gen. Worth reached lhat town yester
day, at 11 o clock, a. m. Ho found it complete
ly evnr-uated by the soldiers or the enemy, and a
Col. Vasquez left behind lo surrender it wilh de
cency. An immense number of small arms, the
big guns of the castle and city, and ammunition,
were taken possession of. It was unfounded,
the report lhat the guns had been spiked in the
castle, they were found in excellent order.
Gen, Ampudia, wilh about 3000 cavalry, in a
wretched condition was near the town when our
troops entered it, when he put off.
Santa Anna had not been in Perote since the
fight at Cerro Gordo, and he ia supposed to be
in the mountains.
From the Vra Cruz Eagle, 23:h ult.
We understood yesterday that information had
been received at Jolapa, that Geneial Worth had
thrown his outposts towards Puebla, andwould
march immediately in that direction himself. We
are somewhat doubtful as to its truth, however,
not being able to trace it lo any positive source.
The latest information received from . Perote
which might be relied on, (we think) is that issu
ed by us in an Extra on Monday last, and ropub.
lished in this day's paper. Generals Scott,! Pat
terson, Twiggs, Pillow, and Quitman, were in
Jalapa. Gen. Shields was lying in a very doubt,
ful slate in a hospital on the battle-field at Cerro
Gordo. Rumor says lhat Puebla will yield with
out discharging a gun; if so, they will snow more
wisdom ihnn has been evinced by several other
Mexican cities, without scarcely a hope for sue.
cess against us.
It ia now certain that Santa Anna is at Oriza
ba, a little town at the foot of the mountain of
that name, with about 1,000 troops oround his.
standard. He was seen at that place on Sun.
day morning last, and was heard to express- his
desire of remaining there until he could muster
a sufficient force to make another stand. In re
gard to the sincerity of his assertion much doubt
is entertained, as it is supposed that he is excee
dingly desirous to leave the country, but fears to
attempt a movement of lhat kind openly, lest ha
should be assassinated immediately, which will
no doubt be his fate ultimately, how ever long he
may prolong it. Me will not dare return to-the
city of Mexico, is the universal opinion, until
some success should crown his efforts to redeem
his thousand promises to the deluded people and
the clergy, ihe latter being now his only backers,.
It is said that those who to his dropping stan
dard now are brought from Oajaca principally,
and that not more than two or three hundred of
them have any arms; those ihey have, too, being
in very bad condition. We learn lhat he pre
tends he tan yet repulse the 'invaders of the
soil' if he can rouse the rancheros, and form
thern into guerilla parties, lo annoy small bodies
of our citizens and soldiers whom they may have
ihe temerity lo allack. Forlorn and dastardly
hope! How much Castilion blood courses
through the hesrt of a man who could stoop to
such cowardly devices?
Sioss op the times. A public meeting
recently held at Mt. Sterling, Montgomery
county, Kentucky, adopted a sories of
strong resolutions in favor of Gen. Tay
lor for the next Presidency. The chair,
man of tho meeting was Judge French,
formerly a locofoco member of Congress,
and by far the most influential locofoco in
that part of the State, if not the most influ.
ential in the whole Stale. The Hon, Hex
by Daniel, formerly a locofoco member of
Congress, was a member of the committee
that drafted the resolutions.
Masonic College. The corner stone
of this institution (which our readers will
recollect was located at Lexington) was
laid on Monday last. There was a lar "a
concourse of people present.
In the afternoon a public meeting was
held and old "Rough and Ready" nomina.
ted for the Presidency.
Santa Anna considered his position at
Cerro Gordo impregnable. H8 remarked
the night previous to the battle, "If the
Yankees can storm that place, they can
storm hell itself," '

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