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msrvsoiv & green. Qfict East corner of tht Public'.Squar, opposite M t ' Fayette Hotel. . ' ' TERMS OF PUBLICATION. tj)T one year, if paid in advance, f 2 00 If not paid before the dose of the year, 3 00 TERMS OF ADVERTISING. 1 Square of 12 lines, or loss, one dollar for the Brst, OU cent for each subsequent insertion. Business and Professional Cards inserted at $10 per annum. (CrTo Merchants and business men, who adver tise by we year, liberal deductions will be made. JOB PRINTINO, Of every description, executed with neatness and despatch, and on the most reasonable terms. JUSTICES BLANKS Handsomely printed, kept constantly on hand, and fur sale low. C3Messrs. Ww. D. Malone and N. B. Coates, re our authorized Agents, at Huntsville. Doct. W111. Everett, HAVING located permanently in Fayette, of fers his professional services to the citizens of the place and vicinity. (Residence 2d door below the Bank. Fayette, April 10th, 1847. " Doct. A. S. Dinwiddic, GRATEFUL for past patronage, still continues to offer his MEDICAL SERVICES to the citizens of Howard County. (Office on the South East side of the public square, where be can usually be found in the day; 8.1 night at his residence, 3d door below the Bank. Fayette, April 10th, 1847. DRS. J. C. PARRISH & A. PATTISON, BOTANIC Physicians, having permanently lo cated themselves near Fayette, on the place lately occupied by Washington Bushears, about one quarter of a mile north east of Wilioughby Williams', offer their professional services, in all its various branches, to the citizens of Howard county. They respectfully solicit a share of public patronage. OrDr. J. C. Pabdish will also practice Dental Surgery. February 6th, 1847. 6m. DR. J. S. CLARK, Surgeon Dentist, 4 door north of the Planter's House, SAINT LOUIS, MO. DR. CLARK refers to his patients, of the last eight years, in the city and State. St. Louis, February 6tb, 1947. 48 6m. JL. D. Brewer, ATTORNEY AT LAW, WILL attend to any business entrusted to him in the Second Judicial District. REFERENCES. Browning) & Bushnel, Quincy, Illinois. rvrN,Esqi Fe"8- W. Picket, Benton, Miss. Col. P. H. Fountain, Pontatock, Miss. McCampbell & Coates, Huntsville, Mo. (ttrOffice McCmpbel's Buildings, Huntsville, Mo. Randolph co., Dec- 12th, '40. 40 ly WISTAR'S BALSAM OP Wild Cherry. THE GREAT REMEDY FOR CONSUMPTION. AMONG all the famous medicine for Consump tion, none seems to be meeting with greater uccess, or gaining a higher reputation than that most wonderful article, WISTAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY. That it stands at the head of all other remedies, ; n. .rni.iJ.il I, 1ia rurpil thou- S now univeroonjr .,.uu. - sands upon thousands, of all classes, in cases of the most aangeruusiy cuhuuijii.o .... ......... physicians of the greatest eminence, throughout our whole country, unhesitatingly pronounce it the MOST POWERFUL CURATIVE of Pulmonary diseases in the wholo range of Pharmacy. The sales in the Western States havo thus far been unparalleled; and the most gratifying proofs of its efficacy have been received from ev ery Dlace where it has btcn used. Thousands of ery piace mmpTJYE FATIENTS have already tested its exalted virtues, and con tossed its surpassing excellence and amazing power. The remarkable success of this Balsam is no doubt owing, in a great measure, to the pecu liarly agreeable and powerful nature of its ingre- dien"- FINE HERBAL MEDICINE, Composed chiefly of Wild Cherry Bark and the genuine Iceland Most (the latter imported ex uressly for this purpose,) the rare medical virtues of which are also combined, by a new chemical process, with the Extract oj Tar, thus rendering be whole compound the most certain and effica cious ever discovered for Contumptum of the Lungs, Liver Affections, Asthma, Bronchitis, And all diseases of the Respiratory Organs. Reader! Be not startled to see this Ureal Amer ican Remedy supplanting every other Balsam before ,hAnUi u iy should it not, when by it hundreds and thousands of cures, in cases heretofore considered hopeless, are being performed in all parts of the U Certificates of which" record volumes in favor of this justly celebrated remeuy. frt-The genuine Witar's Ba saro is sold in StfXouis bv PHELPS BLAKSLY, General Agents. And for sale by their agent. ,n the M lowing places: Dr. Snelson, Fayette; R. P. Han- BNKAUP & CO., Glasgow; McCAMrBELL & Col, Huntsville; W. C. Hill & Co., Keytes- ville. .. I December nm. q. ritii'ai Corner, HE ain't one of the B'boys that talks of taking trip to Europe to buy his goods, and goes down East and buys a few hundred dollars worth, & soends 25 percent on the amount in ginger cakes r . r.i. . . Pkll. Jolnlna rnadillff siens StOPS W. i'i'-u"'! , . II eomes home, prehaps, the most noin' critter in all theseparts. luiasguy iBcemuc, .- ' .Yiw David. a ll who want that valuable plaster, can got 1 . n .n.llB fi IF XV the genuine ariicie at vauu ha f price, ano tunning suimer. rZ.aw. Nov. Slst. 140. -fJCWcToTFTplu'h com t0PndN(S1.vtolS,),', j lorsaie vy , September 10th, 19-16. BOON'S LICK TIMES. " ERROR Vol. 8. A Rescue to the Afflicted! THE CELEBRATED JEW DAVID'S OR HEBREW PLASTER. A Certain Remedy for all fixed Pains in the Slut., tsAVK., CHEST, BOWELS, LOINS, MUSCLES, Rheumatism in all its varied forms, Nervous Affections, Lung and Lifer complaints, Spinal Affections, Female weaknesses, d-c, Ac. For the above complaints this plaster has no equal. The great celebrity which it has already acquired not only in the old but in the new world, the extra ordinary cures it has performed in the most ex treme cases of suffering, bave acquired for it such a reputation, that the proprietor has not (until recently; been ablo to supply half the demand. I he sales throughout every city, town, and vil lage in the United States are without a parallel ! I A circumstance not surprising, when the vast amount of human suffering relieved by its use be considered. In spinal defects the benefit usually is of the most decided character. In Nervous complaints, nineteen cases out of twenty readily yield to the penetrating stimula combined in this valuable preporation. In Rheumatism either acute or chronic the claims of the Hebrew Plaster have long since been uni versally acknowledged. Those who are laboring under weak backs, no matter from what cause the weakness may have originated, (even if such person have been misguided in previous appli cations) in the use of the Hebrew Plaster they will find the affected part suddenly restored to its original soundness. As a supporter in cases or constitutional weak ness it will be found of great advantage. It is particularly recommended to Females who are suffering from sudden weakness, or general de bility. In short, it embraces all the virtues which the most scientific mind was capable of compound ing from valuable substances found in the old world, and will be found entirely free from those objections which are a source of complaint with the numerous spread-piasters now belore the pub lic. (fcVTheso plasters possess the advantage of being put up in tight Boxes, hence, they retain their full-virtues in all climates. PHELPS & BLAKSLEY, Corner of Third and Chestnut sts. St. Louis, Gen'l Ag'ts for the Western States. ftr Purchasers are advised none can be genuine unless purchased from them or their Agents. Agents. DR. Wm. K. snelson, cayetto. a. P. Haneneaup & Co., Glasgow. McCamfbell Sc Coates, Huntsville. W. C. Hill & Co., Keytesville. January 10th, 1947. Saddles, Trunks and Harness. THE undersigned have just received a splendid assortment of materials from Philadelphia. and are now prepared to supply any calls in their line. They design keeping on hand, in addi tion to their stock of Saddles, Bridles, fee, an assortment of travelling Tronks. Also, Carriage and Waggon Harness, of the neatest and best Quality, all of which they will sell on as accommodating terms as they can be obtained in the upper country. We respectfully invite persons needing such articles to call and examine before purchasing elsewhere. Shop on the corner a few doors below the store of Hughes, Birch & Ward. WRIGHT &.WILLIS. Fayette, May 15th, 1847. N. B. Cash customers can do best with us: though to punctual customers the usual credit will be given. Corn, Wheat, Flour, Meal, green and dry Hides, Linen, Lmsey and Janes, taken in whole, or in part, for work. Millinery. M I KS. 0. uldiiam. respectfully informs the Ladies of Fayette and vicinity, that she is prepared to attend to the above business in all its various branches. She flatters herself that she will be successful in pleasing them. Long con tinuance in the business has made her familiar with the different parts of it. Bonnets made to order at the shortest notice. Straw and braid Bonnets altered to the modern style and bleached. Duesidence south west corner ot the public square. ITlillinery. MRS. B. A. SHEPHERD respectfully informs the ladies of Fayette and its vicinity, that she is prepared with the latest fashions, and will make and repair bonnets in the neatest manner. She respectfully solicits their patronage. Work done with despatch and charges moderate.' Or-Residence in the South East corner of Fay ette, opposite Mr. Headrick'g. l ayette, April zb, isn. 7 tr ITIillincry. MRS. HANNA respectfully informs the La dies of Fayette and the public generally, that she is now prepared to execute all work en trusted to her care, on short notice, and in the newest style; and would be happy to receive the calls of her former patrons, and all others who mav favor her with their patronage. (Or Residence next door to the house recently erected by Mr. Page. May IBM, 1847. lu it To Consumers of Iron and Steel. WE bave .on hand, and expect constantly to keep a large and well assorted stock, con sisting of Bar iron ot various sizes, Round, Rod and Hoop do. American Blister, Cast and German Steel, To which we respectfully invite your attention. J. KlUULESUAKUEK fr Co. Fayette, april 24th, 1647. 1JAINTS, OILS, &c A very large and general . assortment for sale by WM. R. SNELSON. Fayette, april 24th, 1847. 13ERFUMERV I have received a large supply . of Perfumery, consisting of Cologne Water, Cosmetics, Fancy Soaps, Oils, AVc, which will be sold very low. WM. R. SNELSON. Fayette, March 27th, 147. SHINGLES. A quantity of good Shingles on hand and for sale by J. RIDDLESBARQER $ Co. Fayette, april 24ih, 1847. . LINSEED OIL AND WHITE LEAD, Castor Oil, Turpentine, Epsom Salts, Saleratus, Indigo, Maddor, &o., dee., all of the very best quality for sale by SWITZLER & SMITH. Fayette, April 24th, 1847. GRIND STONES A superior lot of Osage grit, fur sale low, by J. R1DDLESBAROER $ Co. Fsyctte, april 24th, 1817. CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN FAYETTE, MISSOURI, SUBSTANCE OF MR. BENTON'S SPEECH. Mr. Benton commenced with returning his thanks for the honor which had been dono him in the invitation to a public dinner, on the part ofhii political friends. He had declined the honor of. the dinner in conformity to a rule which he had long followed; and as for the speech which would have been expected at the dinner table, he preferred to make it under cir cumstancos which would prevent no one from hearing it who choose to do him the honor to listen to it. Great subjects have occupied the public mind eventful questions had received their solution in the last two or three years of his public service, on all of which he had been called to act a decided, and even a promi nent part, and on each of which it was natural for hirn now to say somothing. The Oregon question was one of these. A; one time big with all the calamities of war, it was now hushed in reposo, and the country tranquil and happy under its peaceful settle' ment. His own course in relation to it had beon consistent and uniform from beginning to ending. He had opposed the joint occupation treaty of 1818 as soon as it was ma'de: he op posed its renewal in 1828: he had constantly labored for its termination ever since: and aU ways held the parallel of 49 to be the Dronor dividing line between the American territory of uregon ana tne crilisn torritory of I' razer s river. But the public mind, and especially the mind of his own party, had been worked up to a different viow of our rights. Fifty-four for ty, and all, or none, had become our cry: war was the British answer to that! and although a threat of war would be no bar to a rightful demund, yet in answer to a wrongful one, it was very serious. He believed the whole de mand of the United States to be wrongful so far as it applied to Frazer's river, which happen ed to run through the whole territory, from 64 40 to 49, and to have been discovered by the British in 1793, and covered by their lorts since 1806- The administration had taken high ground: the parly sustained it: but it was an occasion which required a public man to rise above party, and to look to his country alone. He had resolved to do so, and to go for 49, even if it should cost him his political exis tence. This determination, though not formal, ly promulgated was no secret, and was early enough made known to his friends and to the administration. From the first explosion ol the question in April 1845 from the first re verberation of the thundor which came rolling back from London in answer to the President's inaugural address he had made known his opinions to the Secretary of State, and inform ed him he should support a treaty upon the line of 49, if the President made one upon that basis. From that determination he had never swerved. His friends though there was great danger to him in the course ho took: he him self did not think there was so much. He knew his constituents had been wrought up to fifty, four forty, but he relied upon their equity and intelligence, to give him. a fair hearing and a safe deliverance. He paid them the compli ment to rely upon their justico and intelligence and the event had not deceived him. The boundary was settled at 49. The British kept their river, and we kept ours. War was avert ed. Great Britain and the United States re main at peace he and his constituents were at peace and long might they all remain so. The settlement of this question, Mr. 13. went on to say, had cleared away the only remain ing difference between the two kindred nations. It left them not only at pence, but without a re maining cause of quarrel. For the first time since the stamp act of 1764, the two nations were now without a cause of quarrel. For the first time in nearly three generations of men, the two grand divisions of the Anglo Saxon race the mother stock in Great Britain, and its gigantic progeny in our America were without a causo of dissension, and to crown this happy mate to give to peace, its highest ornament, and noblost occupation, and to friend ship its most enduring cement, a calamitous visitation in a part of the British empire has called forth all the sympathies of the human heart on the side of one nation, and all its grat itude from the other. Ireland famishes. Sue cor and sympathy fly to her from the United Stales; and the swelling tide of gratitude comes rolling back from the whole British empire. This is something better than being at war with each other at war for Frazer's river, under the sad delusion that it was a part of Oregon ! He thanked God that he had been an instrument in aiding to avert this calamity, and in producing the present happy state be tween the nations; and he thanked his constit. ueitts for approving his conduct in guing for their future good instead of their present wishes. The annexation of Texas, and its sequence, the present war wilh Mexico, was another 01' the great subjects on which be had been called to act within the last few years. This great drama, Mr. B. said divided itself into many acts, and covered a long space of time, during all which he had been an actor in it, and hoped a consistent and prudent one. He considered this drama as beginning in 1819, when Mr. Monroe's cabinet ceded Texas to Spain. It was then given away; and if it had not been given away, there could have been no war wilh Mexico about getting it back. He de nounced that treaty in many newspaper arti cles as soon as it was made, and vowed at the time unceasing efforts to get Texas back. Mr. Adams1 administration with Mr. Clay, Secieta- ry of State, presented the first opportunity to make the effort for its recovery. Mr. Clay as a member of the House of Representatives, had severely condemned the treaty which gave away Texas. Mr. Adams had opposed that article of the treaty at the council table where the majority of Mr. Monroe's cabinet adopted it. But this was not known to him (Mr. U.) until long afterwards. His reliance at thai time was on Mr. Clay, as a western man, and from his publicly known opinions on the sub ject. He and Mr. Clay were then separated in the now division of political parties, but it did not prevent them from communing togelhs er on the subject of Texas, aud co-operating to get it back. They had an interview at Tennison'a Hotel, Washington. Among the other things intended by the new administra tion, Mr C, mentioned the recovery of Texas; he, Mr. B. cordially coocurred, and promised his faithful co-operation. The administration made the attempt lie wrote articles to pro mote it, but the scheme failed. Mr. Toinsett REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT SATURDAY, JUNE 0, 1847. was then Minister in Mexico, and favorable to the object, but could not succeed; and so ended the first attempt to recover back the great pro vince which the unwise treaty of 1819 had given away. Mr. B. said, I speak historically, and justly, and without design to favor or in jure any man, but to place aright before my constituents my own conduct and that of others in this great drama which has ended in a war between two republics. Mr. Adams, at the council table, voted against the article which go ve Texas away; Mr. Clay in the House of Keprcs-nlatives denounced the cession. They made the first effort to get it back. The next attempt was in General Jackson's time, Mr. Van Buren being Secretary of State A larger sum was offered than in the previous administration, but with no better result. The negotiation miscarried tho' zealously supported by President Jackson, his Secretary of State, and the minister at Mexico, lie, Mr. Li. co op erated with them, filling the newspapers wilh articles in praise of Texas, and using all the arguments for getting her back, which have since been repeated by others who gave no noip men. And so the second attempt to re pair the mischief of the treaty of 1819, failed. Tho mission of Gen. Memucan Hunt, min ister from Texas, was the next serieus attempt to bring Texas into the Union; but the parties were then changed; it was after the battle of ban Jacinto, and lexaa herself became the ap plicant. Mr. Van Buren was then President- Mr. Forsyth his Secretary of State, and both in favor of getting back the country. But Texas and Mexico, tho' not fighting had not maae peace; tney were in a slate of war with respect to each other; and to have admitted Texas into the Union would have been to have adopted her side of the war, and lo have placed the United States at war with Mexico. Nei ther justice nor policy permitted this, espe cially as, if lot alone, they would make peace after while; and then annexation could be ef fected without a breach with Mexico. Upon this view they acted. He, Mr. B. concurred wilh them, and so did all t he people of the Uni ted States. The question of admission of Texas then went to sleep, and was quietly waiting the end of the war with Mexico. All the old friends to the recovery of the country were willing to await that evenl; but in the year 1842, durinc Mr. Tyler's administration, a new set of I r, ends who had cared nothing about Texas bo fore, and one of whom had given her awny when we had her, became furious for immedi ate annexation, and the annexation treaty of 1844 was the fruit of that new and sudden im patience. The old friends of Texas stood up on their old ground, the countries were still at war, but actually negociating for peace; they wanted Texas annexed, but without war with Mexico; and urged a little delay to permit their ministers, then negociating under the auspices of Great Britain and France, to make peace ah ueiay was re 1 used, the treaty was signed, and was rejected by the Senate because its rat ification would have been immediate war with Mexico. He, Mr. B. was one of the majority of the Senate which rejected the treaty; and his constituents tho' all in favor of annexation appreciated his motives and justified his con duct. His re-election lo the Senate in the same year was the verdict of the people upon his conduct, and he made them his profound thanks for the justice of that verdict, and tho honor of that election. The trea.y of annexation was rejected, but annexation in another form was still pursued. A resolution for the admission of Texas as a State passed the House of Representatives; an additional and alternative resolution was added in tho Senate to appoint commissioners to nego. tiate for admission, and to conciliate and re concile Mexico, and thereby prevent the annex ation from bringing on war. The expiring ad ministration of Mr. Tyler snatched the alter native from the hands of tho President elect hurried off the House Resolution by a midnight messenger slammed the door of conciliation in the face of Mexico and inflamed her pride and resentment to the highest degree. From that timo forth every thing breathed war be tween the two countries, which, in fact, broke out the ensuing year. Mr. B, said this was tho history of the loss and gain of Texas, and its sequence, the tear with Mexico. The country is recovered a war has followed; and the question now is, how to finish ilf For himself he fell clear. His policy bad been uniform, from first to last; it was to get back Texas without a breach with Mexico, and was certain it might have been done if wise and temparate counsels had pre vailed. The United States had only to wait (or peace; that was upon the point of being signed in January 1842, under the powerful mediation of Great Britain and France, when the then administration broke up the peaceful negotiations, dispered the ministers, assumed the war, and placed the army and navy under the control of the President of Texas to fight Mexico. The rejection of the treaty stopped the war then assumed; but the midnight trans mission of the House resolution started ii again, and placed the two republics in the unhappy condition in which they now stand. Mr. B. repeated, his policy, from beginning to ending, had been to get back Texas without war, or even a breach of friendship with Muxi co. He was greatly averse to such a war. He saw ureal and extraordinary evils in it. Besides the evila common to all wars loss of lives, distress of families, interruption of com merce, ruin to many merchants, and a load of debt and taxes besides all these orJinary evils, he saw others of a new and extraordina. ry kind in a war with Mexico. She was a re public, and a weak one, and our neighbor, and had done us the honor to copy our constitution and form of government, and had maintained civil wars to keep it up. She was one of the gpanish American Slates which strotch from trie southren boundary of the United States to Cape Horn, the whole of which had copied our form of government, and established close po litical and commercial relations with us. All these States had emancipated themselves from European domination, adopted the republican svstem, and taken the United Slates for their model and their friend the elder sister and parental guardian of the cordon of republics which stretch across the two Americas. The position of tho United States at the head of this Ions chain of republics, was grand and imnres sive, and imposed upon her an enlarged and enlightened system which had been carefully acted upon by all Auiericuu statesmen from the IT." J EFFERSON. No. 13. time these Spanish American States began to establish their independence. Europe had a system of monarchies, consolidated by a Holy Alliance. The new world had its system of repuoucs, 10 oe comented and unitod by sym pathy, and friendship. To maintain our posi tion at the head of this republican svstem in the new world, was due to ourselves and lo the human race. 10 preserve and perpetuate these republics to preserve their friendship and theircommerce -to continue to be their po litical mentor to continue them in the repub lican system of the new world, aud oreveni their relapse into the monarchical system of ine 01a worm this was our true policy. War with any one of them would endanger thai policy; for being all of the Bame origin, reli. gion, language, and customs, they would natu rally sympathize with each other, and in hav ing war with one the friendship of all might be jeoparded. He (Mr. B.) had endeavored to act udoo these enlarged principles, originating not with him, but wilh enlighoned statesmen before he same into public life. Ha had endeavored lo get back Texas without a war with Mexico, and was certain it might have been done with all easp, by leaving Mexico and Texas 10 make peace, and treuting Mexico with the respect and deference due to a sister republic ihw more proud and sensitive, because weak and unable to contend with us. The first great er ror was the annexation treaty of 1842. and the manner in which it was conducted. That was the work of the Tyler administration, and for selfish and unworthy purposes. The son. ond great error, was the rejection of the Sen ate's alternative resolution, and despatch of the mianignt messenger to lexus with tho absolute resolution of admission, on the nieht of the 3H of March, 1845 that, also, was the work of the Tyler administration, and in the las: mo ment of its expiring existence. The first of these alepa the treaty would huve made instant war if it had been ratified by the Senate: tho second mado the war! and now the great question is to finish it. How to finish it? That was the question which every body was pulling to him, and on which ever'v one present, no doubt, would wish to hear him speak. Diit.this was not the time to speak up on that point. The time would come, but it was not now. II 13 opinions had been asked bv the President, and given lo him, and approved by him, and in time would be given to the pub lic. But ho could say that ho relied more nnnn policy than upon arms to finish this war with a wouk and proud neighbor. Fight us battles, sna couia noi. 1 nut was proved from San Ja cinto to Cerro Gordo; and wherever lha two races met, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Bay of San Francisco, victories would come n nfi..n as fights cams; but there was a danger lo be feared tho danger of fanatacism and the con version of the war into a death contest for country and religion. The Spanish raco is susceptible of a deep national emotion, fanatical. uoin religiously ana politically, ond of which their history furnishes abundant examples both in the Old and in the New World, and from the time ol ihe Carthiginians and the Romans, to that of the French under Bonaparte. Policy muro man arms, oui combined with arms, he considered the road to peace. He would not say that victories alone would not bring peace they might do si, but not the kind of peace he was in search of. He wanto.I the peace which was not merely a cessation of nostiiines, out a restoration of the fruits ami blessings of peace the restoration of friend. ship and commerce, and our position as head and chief and parental guardian of the system of republics in ihe New World. Mr. u. said he stood upon the ground which he could not explore: he alluded to subjects which ho could not unfold; but h9 could ssv that it was a great error to con'ound tho whole Mexican poople the wholo eight millions of their mixed population, under any one general viow, either politically, morally, or intellectu ally, or in their feelings towards the United States and the war. It would bo a great error 10 coniouna mis largo and mixed mass under the general view; and a worse error to act un on that view either militarily or politically. It naa us aivisions uoin 01 races and or political parties; and, leaving out tho illiterate, impov erished and depressed part of ihe Indian race, which signifies nothing polically, though ihe half of the wholo population, and the solo re source for day laborers, and the rank and file of the army leaving out that depressed half, the othor half is radically and irreconcilably divided in political systems, and in all the affec tions and views which result from that division. The largest half of the onliehtened half is re publican, and has struggled since 1824. for the establishment of our form of government, and always carry the elections: the other party is monarcniai, ana strongest, though least nume rous, because it has the sinews of war inonev and arms. It rests upon the church and a standing army of near twenty thousand men. tne policy ot the republicans leads them to peace and friendship with ihe United Slates: ihe policy of the monarchists leads them to European affections and American antipathies. But there is a point at which they all unite the pride of nationality the love of religion and' of country and which makes thorn unite n the war against us. Mr. B. said he had expressed his opinions publicly and responsibly in the Senate, both in speeches and in votes, and privately and frank ly to the President whenever asked. He had done more; he had been willing to resign his piacs in ine senate ana go to the field of oper ations, not so much lo command armies as to make military movements subservient 10 diplo matic policy, and produce a peace which should De a restoraton ol friendship, and not a mere truce, extorted by force from weakness, and leaving the animosities of war behind. He who had refused embassies to the first courts of Europe, was willing to go to Mexico; he wno naa reiusea to let his Iriends propose him for first Major General in May, 1846, which would have put him at the head of the army, was willing 10 have taken a commission when the war began to lake the appearance of con tinuing long, and becoming fanatical, aud giv ing strength to the monarchical European par ty. He was willing to have taken the place of Lioutenani General, for that would have shock ed no military feoling, and displaced no milita ry man, aim would bave allowed a policy, ap proved by tho President, to have been comuloto- ly carried out. He could say no more at thi time, upon lhat point; but when the plan which he submitted lo ihe President conic lo be made known, it would be seen that ths military men would have had nothing to complain of that Gen. Taylor, instead of struggling at Buena Vista wiih 6000 against 20,000, would havo been advancing with 20,000 that Gen. Scot!, instead of an entrenched army at Cerro Gordo, would probably have found the road open to Mexico that the two generals would have met sooner than ihey will in the city of Mexico and that a diplomatic mission, nationally constitu ted, both in a geographical and political sense. and attending the army, might have concluded a peace, solid and lasting, more readily than it win probably now be done. Mr. B. passed a new subject and which had not yet excited public attention but which, in his opinion was pregnant with much dancer. and required his early attention. It was not a question of foreign war, to be settled by arms or diplomacy, but ol domestic legislation, to bo settled by public opinion, and by votes. tie Biiuucd to the sluvery propagandist resolu tions, introduced uito tho Senate towards tho close of the lata session, and which he sligma- uzea as nre-uratid, on the day ol their introduc tion. On their lace these resolutions contam- plato a subversion of the Union, ihrowinir tho guilt of the subversion upon those who opposo their enactment into law: at tho aame time they propose what no citizen of a non-slave- holding state can ever stand, and what many from the slaveholdins stales, himself in tho number, would not s'and if thev could. They propose the abolition of all compromises, past and future, on the slavery question, and treat as violators of tho rights of the states, and of the constitution, and as subverters of the Union, all who will not agree to extend slavery to all tne territories 01 ihe L in ted Stales, even to tho most remote and hyperborean to Oregon it self in the latiiudo of Wisconsin and the Lake of tho Woods. They co the precise length of the nonhorn abolitionists, and with the same practical consequence, only in a reversed form. Ihe abolition creed is, that the admission of slavery in any part of the Union is a violation of the constitution, and a dissolution of tho Union: the now resolutions declare the prohi bition of slavery in any territory of the Union. is a violation of the constitution, and of tho rights or the states, and a subversion of tho Union! so truu it is thut extremes meet, and that all fanataoism, fur or ugainsi any dogma, terminates at the sume point of intolerance and defiance. The first effect uf this new slavery creed. which the south was summoned to adopt most summarily, would be to establish a new politi cal lest lor Irving the nulhodoxy of all candi dates for the Presidency ; mid as no northern man could stund such a test at home, the wholo of them would be knocked in the head, so far as the gomh was concerned, at a siiii;lo lick. Tho next effuct of these resolutions if adopted in tho 11011 slaveholding states, would bo to put an end to the present olilical division of par lieH, and to substitute a new f.arty in tho snutli (with its antagonist in the north) bounded by geographical lines and lountlcd ou tho solo prmciplo of slavery propagandism. The third I'cwUpf these resolutions would be that which ia,ftiat4J h) pothctioally 011 their face, iiumely, linjUfbversiou of ihe Union. Seeing these resolutions in this dangerous point of view, he (Mr. B.) had stigmatized them as fire-brand on the day of their introduc tion, and had sinto deprecated their application to the Oregon bill, by which tho Oregon peo ple were left without law or government for a year longer. Many persons thought him too prompt in his denunciation uf these resolutions; perhaps the same persons thought him too prompt in denouncing the Oregun joint occu pation treaty in 121 U the treaty which gave away Texas in 1819 the treaty of annexation, in 1844 and all the measures of the Tyler administration which led to the Mexican war in 1846! but the truth might be that ho was not too fast, but themselves too slow. The re solutions appealed dangerous to him, and ho struck them at their first apparition in tho Senate chamber. Ho had done his duty:'he had sounded the alarm: it was for the people of (he United Stales all the frionds of the Union to do thu rest. Thero was no Jackson now to save tho Union by a voice, like the command of desiiny, proclaiming that " it shall be pnu- SKIIVEU." Mr. B. concluded wiih saying thai he limited himself on this occasion, to ihe lew subjects on which he had touclioJ, without exhausting ihein. They were subject of present interest, and of national import, und rose above the lev el of party, and were tit to be discussed in this assemblage, which was nol one of party, ho had not acted upon them in a party character when before the Senate, and did uot speak of them as party measures now. On proper sub jects, ahen party principles were applicable, he was found close enough to his party line H'hen principles did not apply --when the sub ject was either too large or too small for parly wntin a foreign war, or domestic disuntou was the question, or a poor clerk or luborer to be turned out of employment on such great and such little subject as these, he chose rath er to act in the character of a patriot who felt for his country, aud of a man who felt for bis fellow-man. AN ACT Amendatory of an act entitled "An act to rogulate executions," approved March 26, 1845. lie it enacted ly the General Assembly of the Slate of Missouri, as follows: Sec 1. Each head of a family, at hid election, in lieu of the property mentioned in the first and second subdivisions of thn eleventh section of an act entitled "an act to regulate executions," approved Marcli 26, 1845, may select, and hold exempt from execution, any other property, real, person al or mixed, not exceeding in value the amount of one hundred and fifty dollars. Sec 2. It shall be the duty of the officer to apprise such person of hi right to make such selection, and the same proceedings at to the selection, appraismenl and sale ot such property shall be had, a are provided with reference to the selection, and tale of working animals, in the twelfth and thir teenth sections of the above recited set. Tlii act to take eflect from and after it passage. Approved, Feb. 6, 1847. lieminisenee. Mr. Bancroft, in his Amer ican History, mentions the interesting tact lhat iu the time of King 1'hillip't war, 'the generous Irish tent over a small but timely conrtibution, toward relieving the distresses of Plymouth Colony, The tuppliet now transmitted to Ireland, in itt day of tore famine, are but a return with interest, for the generosity manifested towards our own country ia ill day of tmall things when the nlouds of adversity rested upon it.