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boo. - Ii it believed that there ! not in the
liMof imported articles any which are more (seeperty the tubjecta of the war duties. It it estimated that $3,000,000 would be derived annually from a tax imposed on thete article!. ', Should Congress arail Itself of this addition al tource of revenue not only would the amount of public loans render it necessary by the war with Mexico be diminished to that extent, bui the public credit and the public confidence in the ability and determination of the govern ment to meet all its engagements promptly, Would be more permanently established, and the reduced amount of the loans which tt may be necessary to negotiate could be obtained at cheaper rales. Congress is, therefore, called upon to de termine whether it is wiser to impose the war duties or by omitting to do ao, increase the public debt anuually $3,000,000, ao long as loana shall be required to prosecute the war, and afterwards provide, in some other form, to pay the semi-annual interett upon it, and ulti mately to extinguish the principal. If, in ad dition to those duties, Congress could graduate and reduce the price of such of the public lands as experience has proved will not commaud the price placed upon them by government, an additional annual increase to the treasury ol between half a million and a million of dollars, it ia estimated, would be derived from this source. Should both measures receive the aanction of Congress, the annual amount of public debt necessary to be contracted during the continuance of the war, would be reduced 4 millions of dollars. The duties recommend ed to be levied on tea and coffee, ehould be limited in their duration to the end ol the war and until the public debt rendered necessary to be contracted by it shall be discharged. The amount of the public debt to be contracted ehould be limited to the lowest practicable turn, and should be extinguished as early after the conclusion of the war, as the means of the treasury will permit. With this view, it is recommended that as soon aa the war be over the surplus in the treasury not needed for other indispensable objects, constitute a sinking fund to be applied to the purchase of the funded debt, and that authority be conferred by law for that purpose. The act of the Cth of August, 1846, to estab lish a warehousing system, has been in opera lion more than a year, and has proved to be an important auxiliary to the tariff act of 1846, in augmenting the revenue and extending the commerce of the country. Whilst ii has tend ed to enlarge our commerce it has been benefi cial to our manufactures by diminishing forced sales at auction of foreign goods at low prices, to cause the duties to be advanced on them, and by checking fluctuation in the market. The system, although sanctioned by the expert nee of other countries, was entirely new in the U. States, and is susceptible of improvements in aome of its provisions. The Secretary of the treasury, upon whom was devolved large dis cretionary powers in carrying this measure in' to effect, is now collecting the practical results ot the system in other countries, where it has long been established, and will report at an early period of your session such lurtlier regu lations, suggested by those investigations, as may render it still more effective and beneh iio I. liy the net to provide for the better or snnizttioo of the treasury and for the col' lection, safe keeping, and disbursement it the public revenues, all banks were dis continued as the fiscal agents ol the govern ment, and paper currency was no longer nl lowed to be received in payment of public ill) PS. The Constitutional Treasury, created by this act, went into operation on the 4lh ol January last. Under the system establish ed by it, the public monies have been col lected, safely kept, and disbursed by the direct ogency of the olucers ol the govern ment, in gold and silver; and transfers o( large amounts have been made from points r of collection to the points of disbursement, without loss io the treasury or tnconven ience to the trafic of the country. While the fiscal operations of the govern ment have been conducted with regularity end ease, under the system, it has had a sal utary effect in checking an undue inflation of the paper currency issued from the banks which exist under state charters. Kenuir- ing as it does, all dues to the government to be paid in gold and silver, its effects is to restrain excessive issues of bank paper, dis proportioned to the specie in their vaults, for the reason that they are at all times lia h to be called on by holders of the notes, I of (heir redemption, in order to obtain spe cie for payment of duties and other public dues. The banks therefore, must keep their business within prudent limits, and be always in a condition to meet such calls, or run the hazard of being compelled to sus petid specie payments, and be thereby dis credited. The amount of specie imported into the United Stales, during the last fiscal year, was $20,121,283, ol which there was re tsioed in the country $22,270,170. Had the former financial system prevailed, and the public money been placed on deposit in banks, nearly the whole of the amount would have gone into their vaults, not to be thrown into circulation by them, but with held trom the hands ol the people, and made a basis of new and enormous issues of bank paper. A large proportion of the specie troportea nss been paia into the treasury for public dues, and after having bees to a great extent, recoined at the mint, has been paid out to the public creditors, and gone into circulation as a currency among the people. The amount of gold end silver .coined, and now in circulation in the coun ty, is larger than at any former period. The financial system, established by the constitutional treasury, has thus far been eminently successful in its operation, and 1 recommend an adherence to all its essential provisions, and especially to that vital pro vision wbieb fully separates the government from ait connection with banks, and exclud es bank paper from all revenue received. In some of its details, not involving its general principles, the system is defective, ana will require modjfeuauon. These de tects and such amendments as are needed and deemed important, were set forth in the last report f the secretary of the treas ury. 1 hose amendments are again recom mended to the early and favorable consider ation of Congress. During the past year the coinage at the mini and lie urauunesj uas eicaeaea 2U, 000,000- I his nai consisted ehien m eon verting the coins of foreign countries into American coins. The largest amount of foreign coins im ported has been received at New York, and if a branch mint were established at that city, all the current coin received at that port could at once be converted into our own coin, without the expense or risk and delay of transporting it to the mint for that purpose, the amount received would be much larger. Experience has taught that foreign coin will not circulate extensively as a currency among the people. The important measure of extending our specie circulation, both of gold and silver, and of diffusing it among the people, is effectually converting such for eign into American coin. I repeat the re commendation contained in my last annual message for the establishment of a branch mint of the United Slates at New York. All the public lands which have been sur veyed and were ready for market, have been proclaimed for sale during the past year. The quantity offered and to be offered for sale, under the proclamation issued since the first of January last, amounts to 9,138,531 seres. The prosperity of the western states and territories in whinli those lands lie, will be enhanced by their speedy sale. 13 y with holding them from the market, their growth and increase of population would be retard ed, and thousanda of our enterprising and meritorious frontier population would be deprived of the opportunity of securing free holds for themselves and families. But in addition to the general considerations which render the ready sale ol these Innds proper, it is a leading object, at this time, to realize as large a sum as possible from this source, and thus diminish, by that amount, me pun lie loans, rendered necessary by the exist ence of a foreign war. It is estimated that not less than ten mil' lions of acres of public lands will be survey ed and be in a condition to be proclaimed for sale during the year 1848. In my last annual message 1 presented the reaaons which, in my judgment, render ed it proper to graduate and reduce the price ol the public lands as have remained unsold for a long period after they have been offered for sale at public auction Many millions of acres of public lands, lying ithin the limits ot aeveral of ths wastsrn states. have been offered in the market and have been anbiect lo sals at private entry, for more than twen ty years, ana large quantities tor more man rears, at the lowest price prescribed by ths existing laws, and as it haa been louna that tney win not com mand that price, they must remain unsold and un cultivated for an indefinite period, unleaa the price demanded by the eovernment shall Be reduced, no satisfactory reason ia perceived why they ahould lonirer be held at ratea above their real value. At this period, an additional reason exists for adopting the measures recommended. When the country is encased in a forcien war, and we must necessarily re sur t to loans, it would seem to be the dictate of wisdom that we ahould avail ourselves ot all our ra sources, and thus limit the amount of ths public in debtednees to the lowest possible sum. I recommend that the existing laws on the sub ject of pre-emption rights, be amandtd so aa to op erate prospectively, and to emoracs an wno may aottle upon the public landa and make improvements upon tbem Detort they are surveyed, as wen as landa in an eases wnere sucn settlement may oe made after the Indian title shall have been extm suished. it the right ot pre-emption oe tnue exienaeo, ii will embrace a larirs and meritorrioua class of oar aniens it will increase ine numoer oi sman ires holders uoon our borders, who will be enabled thereby to educate their children, and othorwia imnrovH their condition, while they will be alwaya found in tho hour ff danger to our country, among the best of our volunteer soldiers, ever ready, to tender their aervices in cae of e mergency, and the lt to Uava iha field as on? as an enemy remaina to be encountered. Such a policy will also impress these pioneer emigrants, witn deeper iceimga ui ioto tind their dearest interests secured to t':em by the permsnent laws of the land, and that they are no fnthA nnt-Antal earn ol their frovernme.'ll. wueu mcy longer in danger of loaing their houses and card' esrued improvements by being brought into compe tition wiih a more wealthy class ol purchasers tt the land sales. The attention of Congress was invited at their last, and is again at their present session, to the im portance ot estsmishing a territorial government oy er our possessions in Oregon, and it ia to be regretted that ;here was no legislation upon the subject. Our citizens, who inhabit that distant region of country, are still left without the protection of our lawa or any regular organised government. Before the quea. lion of the limits and boundariea of the territory of Oregon waa definitely aettled, from the necessity of their condition the citizens of that territory had erected a temporary government of their own. Be sides the want ol legal authority tor continuing aucn government, it is wholly inadequate to protect them in tneir riguta ol person and property, or to ae cure to them the privileges and enjoyments of other citizens, to which cither are entitled under the con stitution of the United Statea. They should have the right of suffrage be represented in a territorial legislature, and, by t delegate in congreaa, possess the rights and privileges which citizens of the Unit ed Statea have heretofore enjoyed or may now enjoy . Our judicial system, revenue, laws regarding trade and intercourse wiih the Indian tribes, and the pro tection of our laws generally, should be extended over them. In addition to the inhobitantaof that territory, who had previously emigrated to it, large numbare of our citizens have followed them during the present year, and it ia not doubled that during the next year, their numbers will be greatly increased. Congress, at ita lust session, established post routes leading to Ore gon and between different points within that territo ry, and autnorizea tne appointment 01 post unices at Aatoria. and auch other placea on the coast of the Pacific, within the territory ol the United States, aa Ihe public interest may require. Poat offices have accordingly been established, deputy post mssters appointed, and provision wade for the transportation ol the mails. The preservation of peace with the Indian tribes, residing west of the Rocky Mountains, will rsnder it proper that authority ahould be given by I iw fur tha appointment of an adequate number of Indian agents to reaide among them. I recommend that t Surveyor -Gsneral's office be established, in thai territory, and that the public landa be surveyed and brought into market at an early period. I recommend, alao, that grants upon liberal terms, of limned quantities ol Hie public landa be made to all citizens of the Uuited Slates who have emigrated, or may hereafter within a prescribed period, emigrate to Oregon and ssttle upon the laud. These hardy and adventurous citizens, who have encountered the dangers and privalionaof a long and tiresome journey, and have at length found an abid ing place fur themselvea and their (amities upon the utmost verge ol our western limits, should be secur ed in the homes which they have improved by their labor. I refer vou to the accompanying report of the Se. cretary of war, for detailed account of the opera I ions of the varioua branchea of the public aervice connected with the department under his charge. The dutiea devolving on his department have been unusually onerous and responsible during the patt sesson, and have been discharged with ability and success. Pacific relations exist with the various Indian tribes, and moat of them manifest a strong friendship for the United Statea. Some depredations were com milted lent year upon our traders transporting sup plies fur our army on the road between the weatern border of Miaaouri and Santa Fe. Theae depreda tions which are supposed to bsve been committed by hordes from the tegiona of New Mexico, have bean arrested by the presence of a milirary foree, ordered out fur that purpose. Some outrages have been per petrated by portions of the North Western bands up en their weaker and comparatively defcereless neigh boring tribes. ' Prompt meeeeres (tars been taken to prsvsnt sucn occurrences in future. netween one ana two thousand Indians nave been removed during the year from tha eaal of the Missis sippi, to the countries allotted to them, weat of that river, as their permanent home. Alrangements have been made for others to follow. Since the treaty of 11)46, with the Cherokees. the feuda among them appear to have subsided, and they have become more united and contented than they have been for many years paat. The commissioners appointed in pursuance of the act of June itd, 1846, to settle the claims arising under the treaties of 1845 and 1846, with that tribe, have executed their dutiea, and after a patient investigation, and a full and fair eiamination of all the eases brought bafora them. closed their labors In the month of July laat. This is the lourth board ol commissioners who have been organized under thia treaty. Ample opportunity has been offered to all those interested, to bring forward their claims. No doubt is entertained that impartial justice hae been done by Ihe board, and that valid claims embraced by the treaty have been considered and allowed. This result, and the final settlement to be made with thia tribe, under the treaty of 1846, which win be completed and laid belore you dur ng your session, will adjust all questions of conttoveray , eeiween them, and produce a etaie ot relation wttu them aimple, well defined, and satisfactory. Under the discretionary authority con ferred by the act of 3d of March last, the annuities due to the various tribes have been paid, during the ptesent year, to the heads of families, instead ol their chiels, or to such persons as they might designate, except as by the laws previously existing; and this mode of payment has given gene mi satisfaction to the great body ol the In dians. Justice has been done to them, and they are grateful to the government for it. A lew chiefs and interested persons may object to this mode of payment ; but it is believed to be the only modeoi preventing fraud and imposition from being practiced upon the great body of the common In dians, constituting a majority of all the tribes. It is very gratifying to perceive that a numberof theaboriginal tribes have recently manifested an interest in the establishment of schools among them, and are making ra pid advances in agriculture, some of them producing a sufficient quantity of food for their support, and a surplus to dispose of to their neighbots. The comforts by which those who have received even but a very limited education, and have engaged in ag riculture, are surrounded, tend gradually to draw off' their less civilized brethren from the precarious means ol subsistence by the chase, to habits of labor and civilization. The accompanying report of the Secre tary of the Navy, presents a satisfactory account of the condition and operations ol the naval service during the last year. Our commerce has been pursued with in creased activity, and with safety and suc cess in every quarter of the globe, under the protection of our flag, which the navy has caused to be respected in the most dis tant sess. In the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific, the officers and men of our sqadrons have displayed distinguished gallantry, and have performed valuable services. In the early stages of the war with Mex ico, her ports on both coasts were blockad ed, and more recently, many of them have been captured and held by the navy. When acting in co-operation with the land forces the naval officers and men have performed gallant and distinguished services on the land as well as on water, and deserve the highest commendations of the country. While other maratime powers are adding to their navies large numbers o! war steam ers, it is a wise policy on our part to make similar additions to our navy. The lour war steamers authorized by the act of 3d March, 1847, are in course of construction. In addition to the four war steamers au thorized by this act, the Secretary of the Navy has, in pursuance of its provisions, entered into contracts for.the five steamers to be employed in the transportation of the (foiled States Mail from NewYork to New Orlea.ts, touching at Havana, and from Ha vana to ivhagres lor three steamers lo be employed in like manner from Panama to Oregon, so as to connect witn tne man to Uhagres across tne istnmus ana tor nve steamers to be emyloyed in like manner to Liverpool. These steamers will be the property of the constructors, but to be built under the superintendence and direcclion of a naval constructor, in ihe employ of the navy department, and to be so constructed as to render them convertible at the least possible expense, into war steamers of the first class. A prescribed number ol naval officers, as well as a post office agent, is to be on board of them, and authority is re served to the navy department, at all times, to exercise control over said steam ships, and to have the right to take them for the exclusive use and service of the United States, by making proper compensation lo the contractors therefor. Whilst these steam ships will be employed in transport ing the mails of the United States coast wise, upon an annual compensation, to be paid lo the owners, they will be ready, up on an emergency, to be converted into war steamers, and the right reserved to lake them for public use, will add greatly to the efficiency and strength of this description of our naval force. To the steamers thus authorised and un der contracts made by the Secretary ol the navy, should be added five other steam ers, authorized under contracts made in pursuance of law, by the Postmaster Gene ral, making an addition in the aggregate ol the whole, of eighteen war steamers, sub ject to be taken lor public use. As further contracts for the transmission of the mails to foreign countries must be authorized by Congress, this number may be .enlarged indefinitely. The enlightened policy by which a rapid communication wiih differ ent parts of the globe, by means of Ameri can built steamers, would find an ample compeosaiion in the increase of commerce, and in making our country and its resour ces more lavoraby known abroad. But the national advantage is still greater, ol having our naval officers made familiar with steam navigation, and of having the privi lege of taking the ships, already equipped for immediate service, at a moment's warn ing, and would be cheaply purchased by the compensation for the tiansportation ol the mail in them, over and above the post age received. A just national pride, no less than our commercial interests, would seem to favor the policy above mentioned, of augmenting the number of this description of vessels. They can be built in oar country cheaper than they can be built in any other coun try in the world. .. ; I refer you Jo the accompany ing report of the Post master General, for a detailed and satisfac'.ory account of the condition and opetation of that department lor the past year. It is gratifying to find that in so short a time alter the reduction of the rates of postage, and notwithstanding the increase of mail service, the revenue recei ved for the year will be sufficient to pay all expenses, and no further aid will be re quired for that purpose. The first of the American steamers, authorized by the act of the 3d of March, 1845, was completed and entered upon the service on the 1st ot June last, and is now on her third voyage to Bremen and other intermediate ports. The other vessels, authorized under the pro visions of that act, are in course of con struction, and will be put upon the linens soon as completed. Contracts have been made for the transportation of the mail, in steamers, from Charleston to Havana. A reciprocal and satisfactory postal amine ment has been made by the Postmaster Genertl with the authorities of Bremen, and no dilhcultv is apprehended in making simi lar arrangements with other powers wiih which we may have communication, by mail steamers, except Great Britain. Un the arrival ol the American, steamer bound to Bremen, at Southampton, in the month of June last, the British post office directed the collector of the discriminating postage on all letters and other mailable matter to Great Britain, or which went in to the British post office on their way to France or other parts of Europe. The ef fect of the order of the British post office is to subject all letters and other mailable mat ter to double postage, one postage hoving been previously paid on them in the United States, while letters transported on British steamers are subject to pay but a single pos tage. This measure was adopted for the avowed object of protecting the British line of mail steamers, now running between Bos ton and Liverpool, and, if continued, must speedily put an end to the transportation ot all letters and other matter by American steamers, and give the British steamers a monopoly of the business. A just and lair reciprocity is all that we desire, and on this we must insist. By our laws, no such dis crimination is made against British steam ers bringing letters into our ports, but all letteis arriving in the U. States are subject ed to the same rate of postage, whether brought in British or American vessels. 1 refer you to the report of the Postmaster Genetal, for a full statement of the lacts in the case and of the steps taken by htm to correct this inequality. He has exerted all the powers conlerred upon him by the ex isting laws. The Minister of the United States in Lon don has brought the subject to the attention of the British Government, nnd is now en gaged in a negotiation for the purpose ol adjusting reciprocal postage arrangements, which shall be equally just to both countries. Should he fail in concluding such arrange ment, and should Great Britain insist on forcing the unequal and unjust measure she had adopted, it may become necessary to confer additional power on the P. M. Gen eral, in order to enable him to meet the emergency, and to put our stenmurs on an equal footing with the British steamers en gaged in transporting the mail between the two countries. I recommend that such powers be conferred. In view of the existing state of our coun try, I trust it may not be inappropriate to call to mind the words of wisdom and ad monition of the first and most illustrious of my predecessors in his farewell address to his countrymen. That greatest and best of men, who served his country so long, and loved it so much, forsaw with serious concern the danger to our Union in char acterizing parlies by geographical distinc tions, Northern, Southern, Atlantic and Western, whence designing men may en deavor to excite a belief that there is a real difference of local interests and views, and warned his countrymen against it. So deep and solemn was his conviction of the importance of the Union, and of preserving harmony between its different parts, that he declared to his countrymen, in that ad dress, it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your National Union to your collective and individual happiness ; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual and immovable attachment to it, accustoming yourselves to think and speak of it as the Palladium of your political safety and prosperity; watch ing for its preservation with jealous anxie ty ; discountenancing whatever may sug gest, even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned, and indignantly Irown ing on the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion ol our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred lies which now link together the various parts. After a lapse of a half a rentury, these monitions fall upon us with all the lorce of truth. It is difficult to estimate the immense value of our glorious Union of confederated Slates to which we are so much indebted for our growth in population and wealth, and for all that constitutes us a great and a hsppy na tion. Unimportant are all of our ditferenc es upon minor questions of public polity compared with its preservation, and how scrupulously should we avoid all agitating topics which may tend to excite and divide us into condending parlies, separated by geographical lines, whereby it may be weakened or endangered. Invoking the blessing of the Almighty Ruler of the Universe upon your delibera tions, it will be my highest duty, not less than my sincere pleasure, to co-operate wiih you in all measures which may tend to pro mote the honor and enduring welfare of our common country. JAMES It. POLK. . Washington, Dec. 7th, 1847. Practical Cos-quest. Lieut. Thos. J. My sbs, of the Massachusetts regiment, has asked and received his discharge, and has "annexed" himself to a beautiful senorita, near Monterey, The fair Mexican brines her lord the cool sum of (30,000. Lieut. Mtesi is a printer, and is sbout establishing a newspaper st Monterey . THE TIMES. " Between my government sod a oretg'nnaUon, I never ask a question : MY GO YERXMEM IS ALWA YS RIGHT." Gtn. Taylor. For President General Zaclmry Taylor. For Governor, Blajor James S. Rollins, of Boone. For Lieut. Governor, Gen. Nathaniel W. Walking, of Cape Girardeau. FAYETTE: SATURDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1S17. DCJ"The Message, which wo present to our readers to-day, was delivered to Con gress on Tuesday, tho 7th. The enterpri sing publishers of the Republican, had it telegraphed to Vincennes expressed it from there to St. Louis, and layed it before their readers on Friday evening I Thirtieth Congress. Telegraphic Correspondence of the Republican. Washington, Dec. 6, 1847. The Senate was called to order at 12 o'clock, by the Vice President, Mr. Dallas, who look the chair. Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr, Slicer. Twelve of the newly elected Senators were present, were qualified and took their seats. Reporters were admitted, newspaper ordered, and the Senate adjourned. . 4 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House was called to order at 12 o'clock, by Mr. French, Clerk of the last House of Representatives. Two hundred and nineteen members were present. Mr. J. Q. Adams moved to proceed to the election of a Speaker to the thirtieth Congress. This resolution was adopted. The whole number of votes present being two hundred and twenty, it was decided that one hundred and eleven votes were necessary to sn election. On the first ballot, the vote stood For Robert C. Winlhrop 108 Lynn Boyd 61 R. McClelland 23 Scattering 25 The House proceeded (o a second ballot, with a like result. On the third ballot, Robert C. Wimlirop, (Whig) of Massachusetts, was declared to be elected having received 110 votes out of 219 then present. Some debate followed in relation to rules, and there was a motion to adjourn lost. Mr. B. B. French was then put in nomination for the office of Clerk. Whereupon, without further proceedings, a motion was made to adjourn, end carried, eyes 112, noes 110. We have no further news from Congress. Samuel S. Vinton, of Ohio, was first nominated by the Whig Caucus for Speaker, but declined, in consequence of ill health. Mr. Wimlirop was then nominated and accepted the nomina tion. Thomas Jefferson Campbell, of Tennessee, was nominated for Clerk of the House, notwith standing several other candidates were thought to stand before him. Mr. Campbell was a Whig member of the 27th Congress, and had been Clerk of the Tennessee House of Repre. sentatives for almost a Score of years. Nathan Sergeant, of Philadelphia, well known as the Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia United States Gazette for a number of years, under the signature of "Oliver Old school," was nominated for the office of Ser geant at Arms. Mr. Sergeant had been consid ered as the most prominent candidate for the Clerkship. Mr. Homer, of New Jersey, was then chosen as the Whig candidate for Doorkeeper, and Mr. McCormack, Postmaster of the House prior to the selection of Mr. Johnson, the present in. cumbent, was named for re election to his old post. We already know that Mr. Winlhrop was elected Speaker, and have no doubt the other nominations were confirmed. The democrats also held a caucus, but made no nominations. WoRKINO MeB SHOULD StODT POLITICS. I respectfully counsel those whom I address. (the woiking men of America,) I counsel you to labor for a clear understanding of the subjects which agitate the community to make them your study, instead of wasting your leisure in vague, passionate talk about them. The time thrown away by the mass of the people on the rumors of the day, might, if better spent, give ihem s good acquaintance with the constitution, laws, history, and interests of their country, and thus establish them on those great principles by which particular measures are to be determind. In proportion as the people thus improve them selves, they will cease to be the'tools of design ing politicians. Their intelligence, not their passions and jealousies, will be addressed by those who seek their votes. They will exercise not a nominal, but a real influence in the govern ment and destinies of the country, and at the same time will forward their own growth in truth and virtue. Dr. Chsnninj;. ' ' CEN. TAYLOR.'" r- fieri. Tivlnr wsi rrriiverJ bv tha. kn. -. (. -j ; thoritics and citizens of New Orleans oa the '4th. The reception is spoken of aa nir a vprrr mnonifippnt nfTrtir. Tlift Pin.. bei ay uno snys it was the proudest gala day nown in the city. Tho General rode his ild' white horso on the occasion. We shall try and make room for a detailed account of his reception in our next. . rOTho Democrat and the democratic) meeti ing, will be attended to next week. Our version of the meeting remain! O0i uncontradicted. ILJThero is no kind of use in knocking at tno door ol a printing office, store, or publ lie shop. Walk hioiit in: then shut the door. DGPNothing but Gold and Silver, or Treas sury notes, will bo taken in Davment for lands, at the Land Office in this nlar.n. Pc rsons for want of information nn thia su bieel, are frequently Dut to considerable inconvenience in obtaining tho proper cur rency after getting here. Doniphan's Campaign. We learn from the author of this work that five thousand copies have been issued, a portion of which are in Si. Louis, and will be in this section soon. We are anxious to see a copy of the work, and hope it will bo liberally pat ronized. It ia a record of the glorious deeds of our own fellow-citizens, written by one of them, and should be patronized by every Minsourian. . Coukection. In that part of the Mei. sage which speaks of the boundary pro posed by Mr. Trist to Mexico, our copy made us say twenty-two, instead of thirty' two degrees of north latitude, as the boun dary lino. The Public is reminded by the N. Y. Express that in the Congress which is to assemble on the Gin of the next month, every member of the House of Representatives has been chosen few xin. gle districts, for the first time, we believe, since tne organization ol tlie JNational Government in 17S9. For this reform the nation is indebted lo the Whig Coneress of 1811-'42. tlieir uolitical 1 - i opponents having since abandoned their attempts lo repeal the law, and the States of New Ilamn. shire, Georgia, Mississippi and Missouri, which at uist rcsisteu it, er.a illegally elected their Representatives by general ticket, have finally louna tne Ssteni so popular with the people of those Stales, thai their rcinu'iln. !.,: L have permitted the general law to go into e ffWt by edopiing the District system, and their Rep. ie3entatives to Congress have been elected under in Ges. Scott and his Fobces. The intelligent reader cannot havn r-tl I pH ofhis despatches, General Scott complains that iuo aiuuuiii ui ins lurco nas Deen greatly exaper ated. 6 "This army " he. amit "m. j.-. existed than surnrisril ihni An r -- y aunt oitiiaicr Jiru- cess on the part of certain indicidvals at home. ' numuers nave oetn generally almost trebled in our public papers bezinnini at Wmhir, ton" "a No wonJer the TTnlnn , .aw VI IIJIO UUIU UIJU nervous remonstrance, whimpers and whines, even while it is forced In fnnneA iUoi .MUl two UULO. sionsl reports of the strength of the Army, though w..cu i.u.u uniuiHi sources, may nave been overstated, due allowance not being made for losscss end non-effectives. ST. LOUIS MARKET Dee. 13th. 1847. The Brittanta's news, received this morninsr. has had nn vmihlu m. -n a . - .. -u un mo iiuiir ma met, which continues dull at g4 73 a ftt 87A.and cuuiiueu uitogetner to retail alcs. The cold weather caused an improvement in the price of 'A hent, of which sales to-dav were to a mofcrno .visni u ...,.. . i.,nc u jihj river and city miller, at the following rantre of prices: f'n Vft r no 1 " 10 V4C ' !'r and good rail 02 to Obc.; prune and choice 93 a $1 per Imshel. Sale of 1,000 sacks Oats, from store, el Sale of fi3 hM. Pn.l, .... .. . (prime,) at ff.5 80; mess at $7 hfl; 30 bbl. mess, inspected, at fi.9. Small lot of No. 1 Lard, in kegs, at5Jc. Of Hogi, we hear of 500 to 600 head being taken at & 25 a ?j 50, dividing oa i) lbs. " NEW ORLEANS Dee. 4. 1347. Floor Thn nnlv uln .. .. l,.. r ... j... - , P rn I " ui IU-USV IS A IutofloO bills. Ohio, from store, at $5 a7J. n..i-fuming iranspirea to-Uay. Ordinary held at tUSl lfUIII S....L-. n.,m.l .L-. . . .1 . , ", '"f WUIUII 91 VO was refused in the morning, was subsequently Ruin nn nriunta Inrn.a . .... -. H.I Corn Market nf.ir.tr lnsAem.n consumption, at 59 a GOc. wats .)u ana uuu sacks sold at 40o. Pock--Ships 1 0il MU mna . ' ... s private lerini'' meijs retailing at $10 50 and prime at $3 50. . priiiiu so;a at fiD 00, and yes I', not before transpired, 300 bU. prime and lUO bbls. mess on private terms. Lard Prime, firm CJe. Baooi.no and Balk Kore Retailing at 13 a 10c. for foimer, end 8c. for latter. FOREIGN MARKET. LivEnrooL, Nuv. 19, 18 n. ConM MlDVPT Pna. iuo.1... .. I a n . - - - ii innai nuur 10 30s. per bbl. Richmond and Alexandria 23 to 28s. 7 , - "r"" "u uuiiiniore to w. fid. New OrlnAna Mint ni.in fl . 0"i- 11..... . ,. . iu ia. Ullliea btates and Canadian, soured, 21 to 23s. Indian cm Mr H'mncroo iuos. inuian meal per bbl. lo. 6d. to 16s. 3(1. r Wheat United States and Canadian white and mixfd per 70 lbs. 7s. 6d. to Oa; red 0 to 8s. Oats, per 45 lbs., 2s. Od. to 3s. Barley", pir 00 lbs., 3 to 4s. Rye, per 48 lbs. , 3s. to. 4s. Peas, per 50 lbs., 31s to 40s. Indian Meal, for Irish supplies, is also ver brisk in London, but is by no means so actives in Liverpool and throughout the provinces. Oa Wednesday the attendunce of the buyers at Mark Lane was very sinull, and tho transactions were exceedingly limited quotations, however, had not receded. Cotton Mobile, ordinary to middling. SI to 41 nor lh- fair In m,l ft. i. A I ... K . . .? i f : t V - B . . ' K""'i to nne, 5Jto53; ordinary lo middling, 3 to 4h fair to good fair, 5to5J; good I o fine, 4J to 01: Ala- bam A mid TpnnpHAA. nrrlinvn n : j m . 4J; fair to good fair not quoted; bowed Georei. ordinary lo middling, 3 10 4J; lair totfood fair. 5Mo 5i goad to fine. 5 l0 5J; Sea Maod ranges from ordinary to fine, 6 to ldj.: do. ttem- mpii. rtFHlliftru ti ina 11 lAflt. ' " Provisions riainir luof iwa fc r"siiu iiifrs, per UvTOm of 800 lbs , new, B4s.j per bbl of 800 lbs., 40. VW '