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Vv " Between my government and aorei'g-nnation, I never ik a quettion : MY GOVERNMENT IS ALWA YS RIGHT." Gen. Taylor. F or President General Zaclinry Taylor. For Governor, Major James S. Rollins, of Doone. Fur Lieut. Governor, Cien. IVathauiel W. Watkins, of Cape Girardeau. FAYETTE: SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1818. The services of the Episcopal Church will be held on the north-west side of the public square, one door above the office of R. E. Terry. Esq. . VERY LATE FROM SANTA FE. Quickest trip on Record! We learn from the Independence Ex positor that Mr.JAubry reached that place on the 5th inst., direct from Santa Fe, which place he left on the 22d ult thus making the trip in fourteen days. He lay by two days thus reducing the travelling time to twelve days, which is certainly a very extraordinary trip, at this season of the year. We extract such news as he brought. Amongst the proceedings of tho Legis lature of New Mexico, a proposition lias passed both Houses recommending a Con vention to take into consideration the An nexation of New Mexico to the United Slate9fHThc linn. Mr. Armijo was the mover of the measure in the House of Representatives. A resolution has passed both Houses for tho translation of the Constitution of the United States into the Spanish language Their proceedings seem to be conducted with great harmony, and many of the sub jeets ft ttttH legislation, such as the estab lishitjyit imon schools throughout the cfibwfref vorce, the revenue, &c, af e oTMtT'rmV i"1 pnrtance to an tree government. Mr. Aubry brought in a copy of Gov. Vijjifs message to (he Senate and House of Represntatives of New Mexico, on the Cih of December last. It is a well written pa per, and takes a very enlightened view ef the situation of that Territory. Gen. Price had reached Santa Fe in safe ly, and was complimented on the 1 4th December, by a splendid ball, given at the United Slates Hotel in that city. The Santa Fe Republican says " everybody was there beauty, age, youth, the army, the civil authorities, Governor and Legis lature, our venerable Cure, who has received so much respect, and who, as the honorable head of the Church in this Ter ritory is entitled to so much." "All was order, sobriety, and respect." " But what shall we say of tho array of beauty? Our eyes were dazzled. Black eyes, all 6orls of eyes, were there" and all sorts of skins no doubt ! '-Busts, which a Phid cus might lake for a model I but what we admired most was the fine forms, the grace ful carriage, and the ease and dignity of the fair." During the week ending Dec. 10, there hnd been but one death in the hospital, Mr. McBroom, of company I, Illinois Reg., having died on tho 12th. A General Court Martial was ordered to convene in Socorro on the 5th inst. SONS OF TEMPERANCE. Howard Division, No. 31, of the Sons of Temperance, was organized in this place on the 31st ultimo, by B. Bryan, G. W. P. of this State. Tho officers for the present term are as follows: W. T. Lucky, W. P. R. Lynch, W. A. W. McNair, R. S. S. T. Preston, A. R. S. J. Bradley. F. S. A. Mitchell, T. Rev. A. Scarritt, C. E. K. Atterbury, A. C. W. W. Mitchell, I. S. D. Dofllmyer, O. S. 0C7The store of Mr. Broadwell, of Ful- ton, was broken open and robbed of 8350 on the evening of the 1st instant, while the clerks were at Church. DC7The Whigs of Monroe are to hold a mass meeting on the first Monday in Feb ruary. DC7Il is stated, upon good authority that the rremont trial will cost the Government at least sixty thousand dollars. 0During the late protracted meeting in the Presbyterian church at Columbia, 23 new converts were added to the church. There lias also been an interesting revi vsl in the Christian church of that place. Cb, Tayloii is Georgia. The Mil- ledgville Recorder says : The friends of Gen. Taylor for tho Presidency, of all parties, we are sufficiently assured to in form our readers, will, ere the close of the session, appoint a day for an Electoral Convention, to bo held for the purpose. We hope and believe that this is a matter upon which tho South, without respect to party politics, may, for once, unite. In reference to the people, we think there is abundant evidence to convince the most sceptical how they feel on the subject. It only requires the ticket to be brought for ward fur the old man of Buena Vista to demonstrate tho hold he has on the nation al affection. Taylor in Tennessee. Tho Tennessee Legislature has taken steps to nominate Gen. Taylor for the Presidency. Wmos of Platte. The whigs of Platte co., held a meeting at Platte City, on the 3d inst., over which II. D. Odin, Esq., presided, assisted by F. Cockerill and J. II. Winston W. M.Paxlon and S. P. McCur dy acting as Secretaries. John Wilson addressed the meeting, and a series of spirited resolutions were adopt ed the State Convention approved of, and twenty-eight delegates appointed to attend it. Gen. Taylor was nominated for the Presidency, and Col. Doniphan for Vice President. We extract one or two resolutions Resolved, That in his published letters, proclai ming his determination, not to become the can didalo of a party, and that if elected, he will not administer the Government Tor party ends: Gen eral Taylor, has shown himself true to the whigs true to the principles lor which they have ever contended: and as in war, he has been his coun try's champion, so in peace he will be the peo ple's man. Resolved, That in our fellow citizen, Colonel Doniphan, we recognize the distinguished slates, man the enlightened, patriot ihe successful soldier the eloquent lawyer the honest man; and one who is calculated to fill with honor to to himself, and credit to his country, the most ex alted stations. Resolved, That we pronounce it'a "foul asper- sion," on the Whins, that they are opposed to the prosecution ol the war. Although the war was not one of their own asking; when it did come, who rushed with more alacrity to the bat tle field, in support of their country than the Whigs? What Ulncers, living, have more dis tinguished themselves than Taylor, Scott, Don- Tiphan, and a host of others, Whigc? Who have ore nobly sacrificed their lives than Hardin, McKee and Clay, and the many whigs whose blood has flowed on Mexican soil? Who con tribuled more men to fill up the rank and file with brave and intrepid soldiers, than the whigs? We ask, have not the whigs in Congress, uni formly voted supplies of men and money to car ry on the war? Resolved, We pronounce it a base slander up on the whigs, that they are offering aid and com fort to the enemy. Who has done more to pro long the warT who has more strenuonsly op posed peace? Than Santa Anna; and who, is res- ponsible for his return to his country? With what justice then can we not hurl back upon our slanderers, the charge wilh winch they have at tempted to brand us. A GOOD ONE. Our readers will recollect that some time since Leland Wright, Esq., was act ing as 6-editor of the "Democrat." Du ring his brief editorship, he displayed no little anxiety to get us to notice him, by repeatedly referring to our paper, Gen. Taylor, &c., &c. In conversation one evening with some friends, one of them suggested that we ought to notice Le, merely to give him a chance "to let out." Upon reflection, we concluded to act upon the suggestion, more for their amusement than any thing else, and accordingly threw out a bait, which was eagerly seized upon, and answered with much satisfaction to which wo further replied. By this time the edi tor proper had returned, and the sub began, over his own signature, his replication which not particularly touching the matter at issue, and being about that time attacked by one who may very justly be styled the head of the party, we dropped the sub and turned our attention to him, knowing, that if the head were demolished the tail must share the same fate ! The sub quietly awaited the issue which ended about where it begun when he carefully reviews the whole matter to see if enough of the original bait was not left upon which to hang another article and after the lapse of many days, and after many hearty laughs with our friends at how his "vanity outstrips his discretion," he comes forth over his own signature again, beginning back at the first, (as that treated of an office) hoping, wo suppose, that wo would give him a chance "to let out" again! Can't do it. But if you are still anxious "to see yourself in print," you can enlighten the public as to the difference between the present position of Gen. Taylor and that of Gen. Washington, when he was solicited to run for tho Presidency. Also, what General Jackson meant when he wrote to President Monroe, "Now is the time to destroy that monster party sphiit. The President of the U. S. should be the head of the nation not the head of a party." DTWe see it denied, upon authority, John Q. Adams favors tho annexation of Mexico. Upon this question he is said to bo with Henry Clay and Albert Gallatin. TIII11TIETH L'OftGIlESS. FIRST SESSION. Washinotor, Jan. 3. Senate. A bill providing for the clothing of volunteers was read a third time, and passed. A bill to raise ten new regiments, which was laid over on Friday, being next in order, was taken up. Mr. Cass was in favor of the immediate pas sage of the bill. Mr. Crittenden moved to postpone it until after action should have been taken upon Mr. Calhoun's resolutions, which motion called forth an animated debate. The bill was laid over till Wednesday, and the Senate adjourned. House. A resolution was submitted by Mr. Hudson, of Massachusetts, advising the with drawal of the troops from Mexico, and relin. qnishing all claims for indemnity, and providing for a convention to settle the old claims. A mo lion to ley it on the table was negatived by a vote of 51 to 125, and the resolution was finally killed by a vote of 41 to 137. Mr. Houston's amendment to the resolution of thanks to General Scott, and declaring the war unnecessary, and begun by the President, was adopted yeas 85, n8ys 81. The House then adjourned. Washington, Jan. 4. The Senate was densely crowded. Mr. Calhoun took the floor, and maintained it for a considerable length of lime, in defence and support of his resolutions. He declared that the further prosecution of the war was unnecesary That in its inception it was wrong; and produced solely by the act of the President, and not by any act of Mexico. He denied that there had been adequate cause for the commencement of hostilities between the two countries, end insisted that the existing state of things had been brought about without any just or sufficient reason. II strenuously urged the withdrawal of the troops now in Mexico, to'a defensive line, to be held until a satisfactory treaty should have been rati- fied between Mexico and the United Slates. He observed that he had originally opposed the war( lor'ieasons other than those now offered, but its speedy termination was now counselled by im pending dangers menacing the prosperity and happiness of the people of the United States, in its continuation. We are threatened by an im mense national debt, and will, of necessity, be compelled to employ and sustain a large stand-, ing onny, with all its .concomitant evils alike demoralizing in its influence upon a large portion of our citizens, as well as endangering the pers manency of our civil and religious institutions. He denounced the proposition for a further prose cution of tho war, in the hope of securing greater chances of indemnity, by its longer continuation, as finally endangering our free institutions by the annexation of such portions of foreign country as may be acquired by force of arms. He opposed all the President's recommendations, made in his Last annual message to Congress, in relation to the Mexican war, &c. Mr. Calhoun concluded by an earnest appeal to the Senate, to investigate well the objects to be gained by tho further pros ecution of the war, and to carefully consider the results that are likely to be produced by such a course. The resolutions were, after Mr. Calhoun's speech, postponed to a future day, The proceedings of the House tosday were unimportant. Washikoton, Jan. 5, p. is. In the Senate, this morning, after some unin teresting proceedings, the consideration of tho Ton Regiment Bill was resumed. Mr. Crittenden moved a substitute for the bill, authorizing the President to call for 30,000 vol. unteers. Mr. C. thought that an army that could conquer such an extent of the Mexican territory as Scott's had done, could hold posses, sion against any odds. He saw no reason for increasing the troops in Mexico one-half, as it was proposed to do. Mr. Cess defended the bill as introduced. Mr. Calhoun opposed boih the bill and sub. stitute. Mr. Jefferson Davis was in favor of the origi. nal bill: he preferred regulars to volunteers. The question was finally taken on Mr. Crit tenden's substitute and it was lost 19 to 26. In the House, a message was received from the President, transmitting copies of correspondence with Gen. Taylor. The temainder of the session was occupied in the discussion of the question in relation to the mail between Washington City end Richmond, without coming to a decision. Maj. Gaines, member of the Houselrom Ky. was sworn in and took his seat. Washington, Jan. 610, p.'m. Senate called to order at usual hour. Peii. lions were presented by Messrs. Corwin and Allen praying for the speedy termination of the war. Hon. Dixon H. Lewis, of Alabama, appeared and took his seat. Mr. Badger, of N. C. from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported a bill for the extension of the Bounty Law, in order to secure the filling up of the several regiments of the army. This bill was read and passed. The Senate then resumed the special order of the day, the ten regiment bill. Mr. Hale, of N. II., addressed the Senate at length. During his remarks, he denounced the conduct of the administration in no very mens ured terms, as to the course which it had pursued in regard to the prosecution of the war. He de dared himself opposed to the voting of either men or money, for the further carrying out of the purposes of the administration, wilh regard to (he war in Mexico. He aUo expressed his desire for the recall of the army now in Mexico. He feared the extension of territory, and expressed his apprehension, that, by voting moans for the prosecution of the war, it would be authorizing the President to do what he pleased, Patiiolism, he thought, should yield to policy. Many men, he further remarked, decla.ied themselves in favor of the wsr, simply because they deemed it a pop. ular thing; while, et the tame lime, the advocacy of such measures was contriry to their own ueuer judgments. further consideration of the bill postponed till to morrow Mr. 11. Johnson of Maryland, havsl ing the floor to reply. in the JJonse, the day was devoted to the con sideralion of the Southern mail bill. January 7. Senate nol in session to day. House encaged all dav on the Southern mail bill. January 8. The Senate was engaged to day in the confirm mation of sundry appointments. Mr. C. Htiffnagle, of Pa., was confirmed as Consul to Calcutta, vice Higgins recalled. Hugh Keenan, of Pa., as Consul to Dublin, vice Wilson, recalled. W. J. Staples, of New York, Consul 10 Ha vie, vice Beasley, deceased. There is manifest anxiety here in anticipation of the war Speech of Reverdy Johnson, in the Senate, which will be delivered on Monday. In the House the business was unimportant. WAR RESOLUTIONS. The following are the resolutions intro duced into the U. S. House of Represen tatives by Mr. Richardson, an Administra tion member, from Illinois: Resolved, That the existing war with Mexico was lust and necessary on our pari, end has been prosecuted with ihe solo purpose of vindicating our national rights and honor, and ot securing an honorable peace. Resolved, That tho rejection of our repeated overtures of peace leaves this Government no al ternative bul the most vigorous prosecution of the war, in such manner, consistent with the law of nations, as will make the enemy feel all us ca lamilies and burdens, and until Mexico shall agree to a just and honorable peace providing satisfac torily indemnity in money or territory for past initines, including the expenses ol the war. Resolved, That the amount of indemnity must necessarily depend upon the obstinacy of ihe en emy and ihe duration of the war. Hon. John M. Botts, of Virginia, on the same day, introduced the following : 1. Resolved, That among the highest duties that can devolve upon the Representatives ot the People is the preservation ol ihe national integ rity, a strict observance of ihe limitation of (lie Constitution, and a firm reliance to Executive encroachment. 2. Resolved, Thai any war which has for its object the acquisition ol territory by conquest, brings into question the national character, is in violation of llie Constitution of ihe United States, in conflict of the genius and spirit of our irislitu- lion?, and dangerous to the perpetuity of the Union. 3. Resolved, That the war in which we are now engaged was not brougnt on by the act of Mexico. 4. Resolved, That ihe war with Mexico was brought on by the unauthorized act of the Presi dent of the United Staes, in ordering the army under the command of Gen. Taylor into territory then in possession ol the Mexican Kepublic. 5. Resolved, That we have no right to claim indemnity lor the expenses of a war brought on by the ill-advised and unprovoked act of our own public functionaries. 6. Resolved, That the honor of this nation does not consist in exacting territory from Mex ico to which we have no claim, and yielding to Great Britain territory the title to which was as. serted to be "clear and unquestionable," and that to evade the strong and pursue the weak does not present the honor, courage, or greatness of our people in their true light. 7. Resolved, That to exact indemnity from Mexico would devolve upon us the necessity of making a similar demand in all future wars, which would involve us in interminable conflict, or of surrendering a principle now insisted on as indis pensable to the preservation of our honor. 8. Resolved, That no new territory can be an- nexed to the United Siatea, hy virtue of the war wuhout involving the agitation or domestic dim cullies, begetting sectional animosities, and weak ening the ties that connect us together. 9. Resolved, That if the conquest of territory be not the object of the war, we can see no good reason for continuing our troops in the heart of the enemy s country, by which their l.ves are un neccessarily exposed and our resources uselessly expended. 10. Resolved, That a conquering nation has nothing to apprehend from an exhibition of mag. nanimity and generosity to a defeated foe: and that a victorious army may retire from the pursuit of carnage and slaughter without incurring the imputation of retreating from the scattered and discomfited forces of the enemy. 11. Resolved, That the most efficient if not the only means of restoring a speedy and honor, able peace would be, under proper preliminary arrangement, to withdraw our troops, already covered wilh glory and surfeited wilh success, to the true and legitimate boundary of Texas at the time of its annexation to the United States. 12. Resolved, That our institutions, founded on the rights of man, repudiate the doctrine that "might makes'right," as the freebooter's plea and the pirate's law; and so long as we offer an asy. lum to the oppressed, and recognise "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" among the inalien able rights of man, we cannot insist upon the dis- memberment of an empire as the price of neace. 13. Resolved, That if, upon the restoration of peace, the necessities or our commerce shall re quire a harbor in any part of the Mexican terri. tory in California, we are able, end should be willing to pay therefor, as would become a great and an honest people. 14. Resolved, That if it shall be determined by ihe People, through their Representatives, that this war shall be farther prosecuted in Mexi co, it then becomes the duty of all parties to pro tect our national flag and brave Army by furnish ing all needful supplies of men end money to car ry it on wilh vigor and effect Letter from Mb. Clay. Extract from a letter of tho Hon. Henry Clay, of the Gth ultimo, to his friend in Virginia, which he presumes to publish, unauthorized though it ba by the distinguished author. "1 have this moment perused an able pam phlet from the pen of Mr. Gallatin, in which, without any concert between us, I find that he takes similar positions to those which I had pre viously occupied. He fortifies them by a striking array of facts and powerful arguments. "1 am not surprised at the imputation of un. worthy motives to me for the delivery of the speech. That has been so long my fortune that I should have been surprised il it had not been made. Will they charge Mr. Gallatin, in the publication of his pamphlet, with being actuated by the desire to attain the Presidency? There is as much ground in the one cats as in ihe other." Republican Telegraphic Dispatches. ARRIVAL or ths STEAMER CALEDONIA. FIFTF.ES BATS LATER FROM ENGLAND. Resumption of Sliding Scale of Duties. Louisville, Jan. 5. The Caledonia has arrived at Boston, bringing dales from Liverpool, to ihe 18ih Decemler. American flour, in bond, 29s a 30s for western canal; New Orleans ond Ohio 27s per bbl. White wheat 7s Gd to 8s GJ per 70 lbs. Corn 32 to 35s 6J per quarter. Breadstuffs will he materially affected by the Resumption of the Sliding Scale of Duties, in March next of which notice has been given by government. Cotton has declined i to id, and is languid. Louisiana, ordinary to fair, 3 to 61 J per lb; upland, ordinary to fair, 33 to 5 Id per lb. The provision market was much depressed. Pork had declined, wilh large sales of mess at 55 to 60s. Lard belter, free 62 to 56s, bbls and kegs. Sliding scale of duties to tako effect on the lsi of March. Duty on wheat will oscillate from 4 to 10s per bbl., adjusting itself to the rise and fall of the market. Indian corn, now fiee, will be subjected to a duty of Is per quarter; meal la Gd per barrel. The steamer Washington was to sa'l from Southampton on the 19ih of December. The French packet steamer New York put back to Havre on the 12th December, with six feet water in her hold. The French steamer Union put into Cherbourg on the 1st of December, leaking. Tho s'eamer New World was to leave on the 21st December. The British Parliament had been principally occupied since the opening of the session, with the affairs of Ireland. Within the last fortnight the British Islands had been visited by a succes sion of tremendous gales, causing tho most ap. palling loss of life and property along the coast. The affairs of Spain were in a tolerably Iran quit state, Although Carlisis continued their agi. tntion. In the Cortes a fierce attack had been made upon the Administration. From France, there is no intelligence of im portance. The health of Louis Phillippe was very feeble. The agrarian disturbances in Ireland HbcI some what subsided. Father Matthew, it is announced will proceed to America in the New World steamer eaily in April next. Liston, the eminent surgical operator, is dead. The commercial news from India is represented as highly gratifying. Trade there has suffered nothing from the embarrassments in England. The turmoil and excitement in Switzerland, have been brought to a final close, happily for tho cause of humanity. The diet passed e de cree, that the seven revolted Cantons of the League, should be held accountable for ihe ex pense of the insurrection, and they were to be occupied by the Federal troops, until the amount should be paid. THE ST. LOUIS DEMOCRATIC MEETING. 1 lie democrats ot ot. Louis held a meeting on the evening of the Sth, which, according to accounts, was nearly equal to 9ome of the New York rows. They passed a preamble and resolutions which occupy several columns of the Union, and which we have not taken the trouble to read. The meeting recommencd M. M. Manna- duke as their first, and Jas. R. McDcarman as their second choice, for Governor and Judge Bowlin for Congress. THE PRESIDENT WILL NOT WITH DRAW THE TROOPS. The following semi-official declaration, which we find in the Washington corres pondence of the Baltimore Sun, announces the determination of tho President: The question now is not whether wo shall con tinue the war? for there is no war, (ihe Mexican armies being destroyed, routed or dispersed,) but simply shall we withdraw our troops? and this the President will never do unless compelled to it, as long as he has the constitutional power to resist it. DDOur fellow townsman, Mr. John ShaiTrotli, has established what this com munity has long needed a Family Grocery, where provisions of every description can be had in quantities to suit the conve nience of purchasers. See advertisement in another column. Telegraph. Mr. O'Reilly has issued a propositi an to extend the Telegraph to Independence, Weston, and Fort Leaven worth, within ninety days after the sum of forty thousand dollars has been subscribed and secured along the proposed line. And he further proposes to extend it westward to the Pacific Ocean, in Californinia or Or egon, within twelve months after the pas sage of a bill by Congress for that purpose. Office rent, salary of an operator, &c, for a station, will cost about $1500 per annum. What say the citizens of Fayette, on the subject? Immigration. Immigration to the Uni ted States, during the past year, has been immense beyond all former years. The returns from the 1st of January to the 30th of September for New York, Boston and Philadelphia, Baltimore and New Orleans, show an aggregate of 233,789 arrived this year, against 151.GG2 at the same points for the previaus year. It is computed when full returns aio received from all points, the aggregate during the short pe riod of the nine months, will amount to two hundred and fifty thousand I rjCTHun. Mr. Petit, of Indiana, fell on tho ice, in Washington, last week and broke his leg. MR. GALLATIN THE WAR. On our first page will bo found an ex tract from a pamphlet lately put forth by Albert Gallatin, on the subject of tho war with Mexico, prefaced by somo remarks of tho "Statesman." We copy the follow ing brief noticeof the distinguished author, in order that our readers may refresh their memories as to his previous life and services, and be better prepared to place a proper estimate upon the attacks of that portion of the press which denounces every one who opposes the war, as anti-American and traitors to their country:-- ALBERT GALLATIN. Albert Gallatin is now in his 86ih year. lis reached this country when barely of man's estate, in 1780, and immediately joined and contributed to the support of a volunteer company in the Rev olutionary war. Our independence achieved, he was appointed a Professor in Harvard Uni versity, but subsequently removed to this State, which he represented in the Legislature and Congress, and was elected to the United Siatea Senate, bul declared ineligible, as he only be. came a citizen in 1785. From Congress he was transferred to the cabinet of Thomas Jeffer son in 1801, and remained his Treasury-head and bosom friend during the entire eight years of tha incumbency of "the father of democracy." James Madison succeeding, still retained his services, until in his second term the commission to Ghent was decided upon, when Mr. Gallatin resigned, and negotiated the treaty of peace in conjunction with Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams. Upon his return, Mr. Madison appointed him Minister to France, where he remained during nearly (he entire two torms of the Presidency of James Monroe. Upon his return further honors were showered upon him, and he was nominated as ihe candidate for Vice President on the same ticket wiih Mr. Crawford, as President, as tha regular democratic republican nominees. Du. ring the Presidency of Jjhn Quincy Adams ha was sent Minister to England, and on his return retired to private life. North American. The Democratic Convention at Colum bus, has nominated J. 15. Wcller, as their candidate for Governor of Ohio, at the en suing election. A letter fi om Mexico to the Now Orleans Times, dated on the Gth of December, says that courts martial had not then been con vened for the trial of Generals Worth and Pillow, and Lieut. Col. Duncan. "Tho opinion is, (ihe writer says) the two latter will bo convicted, and that tho sentences on them will be very severe." Presidential. The New York Herald thus classifies the politics of the members of the 30th Congress : Tayloiites 09 Clay men 90 Polk ites 21 Van Buren men 41 Cass men 22 Buchananitcs 20 Abolitionists 5 Scott men 19 Dallas men 3 Nondescripts 1 Polk, Dalla, Abolitionists, and tho Non descript, will have to unite, and take Buc hanan in, to stem the current, if the abovo bo true. Death op Senator Fairfield. Sen ator Fairfield cf Maine, was afflicted with dropsey in the leg. He rttended the sit tings of the Senate on the 23d, and on tho morning of the 21th submitted to a sur gical operation, under which he sunk tho same evening. Mr. F. has been Governor of Maine, Representative in Congress for many years, and at the time of his death was chairman of tho Naval Committee of the Senate. Mail Routes. There are in the United States 153.80S miles of post routes, over which the mail is transported at an annual cost of 82,400,884. Of this, Missouri haa 7,897 miles, at a cost of -$19,720. The cheap postago system works well, and in a short time will be farther reduced. A Panther, weighing 125 pounds, and measuring in length from tip to tip 8J feef, was shot last week in Platto county, by Dr. W.E. Black. Extraordinary. Chapman, the newly elected Locofoco Governor of Alabama was inaugurated at Montgomery on the 10th, on which occasion he delivered an address. The Alabama Senate, in which body the Locofocos have a large majority, refused, by a voto of 28 to 5. the usual appropriation for printing tho inaugural on account of its utter unworthinessand inap propriatcness for the occasion, and as a public document. HZTIIenry Clay arrived at Baltimore on the Gth inst., and was received as the guest of tho city. OCjrRandaII Hutchinson, a clerk in lite U.S. Mint, at Philadelphia, absconded on the Gth inst., having embezzled twenty thousand dollars. riRE. Tho Lexington Express says: We are informed that on the ninht of ih 89th ult., the large Pork Establishment of Mr. James S. Lightner. in Camden. Rav county, was entirely destroyed bv fire Nothing saved. Tho property lost, wo aro happy to learn, was insured. DOA Miss Black well, of Philadelphia, is attending a course of Medical lectures in Boston. She attends the lectures rcg. ularly, and her presence it said tg have a good effect on tho class.