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' v.UKEEN & SHIRLEY. Yi tuuteorntrnf the PuUie Square, opp0$ it the . .TERMS QF PUBLICATION. Fotoneyoixr, if paid in advance, If not paid before thecloseof theyeor, TERMS OF ADVERTISING $2 00 3 00 One Square .if 12 line, or less, one dollar for lli i l)r,i0 cents for each subsequent insertion. Business and Professional Cards inserted s t 10 ft?Tl, Mwcksntsand business men. who adver tise by ne year, liberal deductions will be made. JOB PRINTING, Of every description, executed with neatness and despatch, and on the most reasonable terms. JUSTICES' BLANKS Handsomely printed, kept constantly on hand, and for sale low. 3 (KrMessrs. Wm D. Malonk and N. B. Coates, re our authorized Api-nls, at Huntsville. ''TAKE N U T 1 V 13. O Cheaper Still, jj BEING desirous to close all my business in Fayette during the present year, I have de termined to commence now, selling my present stock of goods for cash, at greatly reduced pri ces and many articles for cost. My goods having been purchased in the east for cash, by a gentle man well acquainted with the business, warrants me in saying, that they are desirable in quality, style and price, and am determined to do what 1 say, and am ready to demonstrate it to all who will give me a call, advising those wishing cheap goods to give me a call at least, before purchasing else where. This stock consists of staple dry goods, bro. and bio. domestics, bed tickings, dril lings, tweeds, broadcloth, caiimeres, casinets, prints all styles, ginghams, lawns, silks satins, bonnets, ribbands, fur and palm leaf hats, cotton nd silk handkerchiefs, hardware and cutlery, cas tings, qucensware, sugar, coffee, nails, glass, dye lulls, spice, Sc., &c. JAS. B. O'TOOLE. Fayette, May 27, 1849. JNO. W. II EN II Y, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FAYETTE, MO., WILL attend to any business entrusted to him in the Courts of Howard, and the coun ties adjoining. He may be found at the Receiv er's office, when not absent on professional busi ness. Fayette,- Nov. 6th, 1947. . 35 6in. Joseph 1. Smith, SURGEON, PHYSICIAN, &c. HAVING located 5 miles East of Fayette, on the road leading to Petersburg, respectfully offers his services to the citizens of Howard. tie may always be found at the residence of Dr. Samuel Crews, except when professionally ab sent. March Id. 43. 2-6in. Doct. A. S. Dinwiddle, GRATEFUL for past patronage, still continues to ofler his MEDICAL SERVlCESlo the citizens of Howard County. (rOffice on the South East side of the public square, where he can usually be found in the day; 1 night at his residence, 3d door below the Bank. Fayette, April 10th, 1847. I. D. Brewer, ATTORNEY AT I, AW, WILL attend to any business entrusted to him in theSecond Judicial District. REFERENCES. ' Browning St BusKNEL.Quincy, Illinois. A. W. MoBRisoN.Esq.J F . Col. J. Davis, f fayetie. W. Picket, Benton, Miss. Col. P. H. Fountain, Pontatock, Miss. McCanfbell &. Coates, Huntsville, Mo. (rr-Offiee McCxmpbel's Buildings, Huntsville, MoT Randolph co., Dec 12th, '46. 40 ly Rich Dress ftioods. The attention of the Ladies is particularly in vited to a remarkably fine and extensive variety of Rich dress goods and trimmings All descriptions of Bonnets Parasols of all styles and quality Laces and lace goods Shawls and scurfs. fre. &e. mylO BOON, TALBOT & SMITH. James W. Harris, Commistion and Forwarding Merchant,.-and Produce Dealer, WATER BTBEET, GLASGOW, HO. on all ship- T IBERAL Cash advances mode IBERAL Cash Ji inents of Produce, Sie. for the Southern and Eastern market. Glasgow, January 22, 1848 --40 6m. Medical Card. Docts. J. C. Pabiush and A. Patison, Botanic Physicians, GRATEFUL for past patronoge, still continue to offer their Medical Service to the citi tens ol Howard county. Dr. A. Patison will continue his office a', his residence, one quarter of a mile east of Mr. Wil- loughby Williams. Dr. J. C. Parrish may be found at his residence, formerly occupied by James Owens, one quarter of a mile east of Salt Creek Meeting house. (N.B. J. C. Parrish will practice Dental surgery. March 4th, 1843. 62-tf EMANUEL DEROIN, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Druggist and Apothecary, No. 48 N. Main Street, AND Corner of Eighth Street and Franklin Avenue, KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND Freik Drugs, Medicines. Faints, Oilt. Dye-Stuffs, Win.laui Glass. Glassware. Soap. PERFUMERY. AND PATENT MEDICINES, Cheap for Cash. St. Louis, October 10th, 1847. 32 ly THEODORE JONES. Jones & Curd. j. H. CURD. nttnnTJfiF.. COMMISSION AND FOR WARDING MERCHANTS. N'O. S, COMMERCIAL ST.. SAINT LOUIS, MO. May 20, 3tn. . . . t IUEKA1IP. O. A. HOMRICIHOUM HANENKAMP & CO., GROCERS, . mi and Forwarding MERCHANTS, NO. 69. WATER STREET, (11) SAINT LOUIS, MO. Doct. AVinthrop II. llopson, ttivino Incited Derroanently in Fayette, ten tl der hi professional services to the citisens snare or weir . -( cept when professionally absent, be can at al. uioe. be found at hi. office, (the ..me occupied by curb 11 1 iw otti :w "o "J I.,'. : Tavern. March BOON' SLICE "ERROR Vol. U. MY MOTHER. While others sing the gentle lay, Of Parenti unforgot, 'Tis sweeter far for me to stray, To that calm peaceful spot, Wheie the tall grass luxuriant waves Above my own fond Moihet's grave. . In evening's cool and dewy hours, 1 love 10 linger there; I seem to hear her own sod voice, Again in earnest prayer, As when she (ought in accent mild, God' blessing on her erring child. Scarce three short year have passed away, Since that blest spirit fled. Unto the bright end fair abode Of the holy and sinless dead. She wears a Seraph' garments now, A heavenly halo round her brow. Mother, if those bright alsrry gems, Which sparkle in the sky, Are given to Angels Tor a home, O watch me from on high, And bless and cheer thy fiiendless one, And guide her to her Father' throne. THE BLOOD HOUND STORY. Some of the Locofoco enemies of Gen. Taylor have discovered that the only chance of doing him the slightest injury is lo fasten upon him the odiuum of mine of Mr. Van Bnren administration. 1 hey ore accor dingly circulatinggwieffexiraclsfrom one of his letters, recommending the employ ment of dog to discover the hiding place of the Indians, during the war in Florida. That the whole affair may stand in its proper light, and that these papers may have the benefit of high Locofoco comment upon it we publish below, the reply made lo Wise, who was chairman ot a committee of inquiry upon the subject, by Hon. J. R Poinsett, who was Martin Van Uurens Secretary of War, and who expressed him self in very decided terms upon the subject. We trust these Locofoco print will give to their reader the entire document just as it stands. N. Y. Courier. War Department, Dec. 30, 1839. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 27ih inst., nquinng into the truth 01 me assertion made by the public papers, that the govern ment had determined to use blood-hound n the war with the Indians, and beg to as sure you that it will afford me great pleas ure to give you all the information on the subject in possession of the department. rrom the timet first entered upon the duties of the War Department, I continued lo receive letters from officers commanding in Florida, urging the employment of blood hounds, as the most efficient means of ter minating the attrocities daily perpetuated by the Indians on the settlers in that ter ritory. To these prposals no answer was given, until the month of August 1833, while at the Virginia springs, there was referred to me from the Department, a let ter addressed to the Adjutant General, by the officer commanding the forces in Flori da, General Taylor, to the following effect: Headquarters, Army of the South, Fort Brook,' July 29. 1838. "Sir: I have the honor to enclose you a letter this moment received, on the subject of procuring bloodhounds from the island f Cuba, to aid the army in its operations against the hosiiles in Florida. "I am decidedly in favor of the measure, and beg leave to urge it as the only means of ridding the country of the Indians who are now broken up into small parties, that ake shelter in swamps and hammocks as he army approaches, making it impossible for us to follow or overtake them without the aid of such auxiliaries. "Should this measure meet the approba- ion of the department, and the necessary authority be granted, I will open a corres pondence with Mr. Lverston on the subject, hrough Mai. Hunt, Assistant Uuartermas- ter at Savannah, and will auhorize him if it can be done on reasonable terms, to em ploy a few dogs, with persons who under stand their management. "Iwnhtt distinctly understood that my objeit in employing dogs, is only to ascertain where the Indians can be found, not to worry them. - "1 have the honor to bo, Sir, "Your obedient servant, 'Z. TAYLOR, Brevet brig. Gen. U. S. A. Commanding." To Gen. U. Jones. On this letter 1 endorsed the following decision, which was communicated to Gen. Taylor: "I have always been of opinion that dogs ought to be employed in mis warfare, to prevent the army irom sur prises and ambuscades, and lo track the In dian to his lurking place, but supposed, it the General believed them necessary, tie would not hesitate to take measure to pro cure them. The cold blooded and inhuman murders, lately perpetrated upon the help less women and children, by these ruthless savages, render it expedient that every P"S sib e means snouid be resortca 10 in oraer to protect the people of Florida, and to en able the UnitedjSiates forces to follow and capture, or destroy the savage and unrcien ting foe. General Taylor is, therefore, au thorised to procure such number of dogs as he mav ma no necessary, 11 ueiiiu express understood that they are to be employed t track and discover the Indians, not to worry or destroy them. This is tho only action orcorrespondence of the department that has ever taken place relative to the matter. Tho General took no measures to carrv into effect his own CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT. - FAYETTE, MISSOURI, SATURDAY, JULY 99, 1848. recommendation, and this department has never since renewed the subject. 1 con tinue, however, to entertain the opinion ex- fircssed in the above decision. 1 do not be ieve that description of dog called the bloodhound, necessary to prevent surprise, or track die Indian murderer; but still 1 think that every military post, and every detachment should be attended by dogs. That precaution might have saved Dude's command from massacre, and, by giving timely warning, have prevented many of the cruel murders which have been com mitted by the Indians in middle Florida. The only successful pursuit of Indian mur derers that 1 know of, was on a late occa sion, when the pursuers were aided by the sagacity of dogs. These savages had ap proached a cabin of peaceful, industrious settlers so stealthily that the first notice of their presence was given by a volly from their rifles thrust between the logs of the house, and the work of death was finished by tomahawking the women after tearing from them their infant children, and dashing their brains out against the door posts. Are these ruthless savage to escape, and repeal luch scenes of blood because they can elude our fellow-citizens in Florida, and our regu lar soldiers and bade their unaided efforts to overtake or discover them. On a late occasion, three estimable citizens were kill ed in the immediate neighborhood of San Augustine, and one officer of distinguished merit mortally wounded. It is in evidence that these murders were committed by two Indians, who; after shooting down the lat ter, and beating out the son's brains with the but of their rifles, upon hearing the approach of ihe volunteers, retired a few yards into the woods and secreted them selves until the troops returned to town with the dead bodies of those who had been thus inhumanly and wantonly butchered. It is lo be regretted that this corps had not been accompanied with one or two hunters, who, with their dogs, might have tracked the blood-stained footsteps of these Indians, have restored lo liberty Ihe cap tives they were dragging away with them, and have prevented ihem from ever again repeating such attrocities. Nor could ihe severest casuist object to our fellow-cili zens in Florida resorting to such measures in order to protect the lives of their women and children. Very respectfully, your obed't serv't, J. R. POINSETT. Hon. Henry A. Wise. MESSAGE FROM THE PEESIDENT. ANNOUNCING TO CONGRESS THE END OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO. To the Senate and House of Reprerenta lives of the United States: I lay before Congress copies of a treaty of peace, friendship, limits and settlement, between the United Stales and ihe Mexican Republic, the ratifications of which were duly exchanged at the City of Qucretaro, in Mexico, on ihe 30ih day of May 1848. The war in which our country was re luctantly involved in the necessary vindica tion of the national rights and honor has thus been terminated, and I congratulate Congress and our common constituents up on the restoration of an honrable peace. The extensive and valuable territories ceded by Mexico lo the United States con stitute indemnity for the past, and the bril liant achievements and signal successes of our arms will be a guaranty of security for the future, by convincing all nations that our, rights must be respected. The result of the war with Mexico have given to the United Slates a national character abroad which our country never before en joyed. Our power and resources have be come known and respected throughout the woild, and we shall probably be saved from the necessity of engaging in another. for eign war for a long series of years. It is a subject of congratulation lhat we have passed through a war of more than two years' duration with the business of the country uninterrupted, with our resour ces unexhausted, and the public credit un impaired. I communicate for the information of Congress the accompanying documents and correspondence relating to the negotiation and ratification of the treaty. Before Ihe treaty can be fully executed on the part of the United Slates, legislation will be required. II will be proper to make the necessary appropriations for the payment of the 12 millions of dollars stipulated by the twvllih article to be paid lo Mexico in four equal annual instalments. Three million of d"l- lars were appropriated by the act of March 3. 1847, and thai sum was paid to ihe Mex ican Government after the exchange of rat ifications of the treaty. The fifth article of the treaty provides that, " in order to designate Ihe boundary ine with due precision upon authoritative maps, and to establish upon the gronnn landmarks which shall show Hie limns r both republics, as described in ihe present article, the two governments shall each ap point a commissioner and surveyor, who, before the expiration of one year from the dale ot the exchange of ratifications f 1 his treaty, shall meet at ihe port of San Diego, and proceed lo run and maik the said boundury in its whole course to the mouth of the Ilio Bravo del Norte." It will be necessary thai provision should be made by law for ihe appointment of a commissioner and surveyor on the pari of ihe United Slates, to act in conjunction with a commissioner and surveyor appoint ed by Mexico in executing the stipulations of this article. It will also be proper to provide by law T for the appointment of a "bonrd of com missioners" to adjudicate and decide upon nil claims of our citizens against the Mexi can government, which by the treaty have been assumed by the Uniied Slates. New Mexico and Upper California hove been ceded by Mexico to tho United States, and now constitute a pari of our country. Embracing nearly ten degrees of latitude, lying adjacent to the Oregon territory, and extending from the Pacific Ocean 10 the 1(10 Grande, a mean distance of nearly a thousand miles, it would be difficult to es timate the value of these possessions lo the United States. They constitute of them selves a country large enough for a great empire, and their acquisition is second on ly in importance to that of Louisiana in 1803. Rich in mineral and agricultural resources, with a climate of great salubrity, they embrace the most important ports on ihe whole Pacific coast of the continent of North America. The possession of the ports of San Diego, Monterey, and the bay of San Francisco will enable the U. Slates lo command the already valuable and rapidly increasing commerce of ihe Pa cific. The number of our whale ships alone now employed in thai sea, exceeds seven hundred, requiring more than twenty thousand seamen to navigate them, while the capital invested in this particular branch of commerce is estimated at not Ipss than forty millions of dollors. The excellent harbors of upper California will under our flag afford security and repose 10 our commercial marine, and Americnn mechanics will soon furnish ready means of ship-builders and repair, which are so much wanted in that distant sea. By ihe acquisition of these possessions we are brought into immediate proximity with the west coast of America, from Cape Horn to the Russian possessions, north of Oregon; with the islands of the Pacific Ocean; and, by a direct voyage in steam es, we will be in less than thirty days ot Canton and other ports of China. In this vast region, whose rich resources are soon to be developed by American en ergy and enterprise, great must be the aug mentation of our commerce, and with 11 new and profitable demands for median cnl labor in nil its branches, and new and valuable markets for our manufactures and agricultural product. wiuie the war has been conducted with great humanity and forbearance, and with complete success on our part, the ppnrp ha been concluded on terms Ihe most lib eral and magnanimous lo Mexico. In her hands the territories now ceded had re mainpd, and it is believed would have con. tinned lo remain, almost unoccupied, and of little value to her or to any other na lion, whilst as a part of our Union, they will be productive of vast benefits to the United States, lo the Commercial world, and the general interests of mankind. The immediate establishment of lerrito rial government, and the extension of our laws over these valuable possessions,' are deemed lobe not only important, but indis pensable to preserve order and the due ad ministration of justice within their limits, to anord protection to the inhabitants, and to facilitate the developement of the vast resources and wealth which their acquisi lion has added lo our country. The war with Mexico having terminated, ihe power of the Executive lo establish or to continue temporary civil governments over these territories, which existed under the laws of nations whilst they were regar- ed as conquered provinces in our military occupation, has ceased. By their cession to the United States, Mexico has no longer any power over them, and until Congress shall act, the inhabitants will be without any organized government. Should they be left in this condition, confusion and an archy will be likely lo prevail. Foreign commerce, lo a considerable amount, is now carried on in the ports of Upper California, which will require to be regulated by our laws. As soon as our system shall be extended over this com merce, a revenue of considerable amount will be at once collected, and it is not doubt ed that it will be annually increased. For these and other obvious reasons, I deem H lo be my duty earnestly to recommend (he action of Congress on the subject at the present session. In organizing governments over these territories, fraught with such vast advanta ge, lo every portion of our Union. I in voke that spirit of concession, conciliation and compromise in your deliberations, in which the constitution was framed; in which it should bo administered, and is so indispensable lo preserve and perpetuate the harmony of the Stales. We should never forget that this Union of confeder ate Stales was established and cemented by kindred blond, and by Ihe common toils, suffrages, dangers and triumphs of all its parts, and has been Ihe ever augmenting source of our national greatness and of all our blessings. There has been perhaps no period, since ihe warning so impressively given to his countrymen by Washington, to guard against geographical divisions and section al parlies, which appeals wilh greater force than the present Jo the patriotic, sober- minded, and reflecting of all parlies and of all sections of our country. Who can cal culate ihe value of our glorious Union? It is a model and example of free govern ment lo all the world, and is the star of hope and the haven of rest to the oppressed of every clime. By its preservation we nave oeen rapidly advanced as a nation to a height of strength, power and happiness without parallel in ihe history of the world. As we extend its blessings over new regions, shall we be so unwise at to ME Jtirt No. 91. endanger its existence by geographical di visions ana aissenuonsr With a view to encourage the earlv .et. tlement of the most distant possessions. I recommend lhat liberal grant. r the nohlir lands be secured to ell our citizens, who have sctiled, or may in a limited period set- .(in, mcir Hunts. In execution of Ihe provisions of the treaty, orders have been issued to our mili tary and naval forces to evacuate without delay the Mexican provinces, cities, towns and fortified places, in our military occupa linn, and which are not embraced in the territory ceded lo the United Slates. The army is already on its way to the United States, lhat portion of it, as well regulars as volunteers, who engaged to servo during ihe war wilh Mexico, will be discharged as soon as they can be transported or marched to convenient points in the vicinity of their homes. A pari of the regular army will be employed in New Mexico and Upper California, to afford protection to the in habitants and to guard our interests in these territories. The old armv, as it existed before ihe commencement of the war wilh Mexico, especially if authority be given to fill up the rank and hie or the several corps to Ihe maximum number authorized during the war, it is believed, will be a sufficient force to be retained in service during a period of peace. A tew additional officers in the line and stafTof the army have been authorized and these, it is believed, will be necessary in the peace establishment, and should be re tained in the service. The number of the general officers may be reduced, as vacan cies occur, by the casualties of ihe service, to what it was before the war. While the people of other countries, who live under forms of government less free than our own, have been for ages oppressed by taxation to support largeslonding armies in periods of peace, our experience has shown lhat such establishments are un necessary in a republic. Ourstanding armv is to be found in the bosom of society. It is composed of free citizens, who are ever ready to take up armsin the service of their country when an emergency requires it. Uur experience in the war just closed fully confirms the opinion that such an army- may be raised upon a weeks' notice, and lhat our citizen soldiers are equal to any troops in Ihe world. No reason, therefore, is perceived why we should enlarge our land forces, and thereby subject the Treas ury loan annual increased charge. Sound policy requires that we should avoid the creation of a large standing army in a period of peace. No public exigency re quires it. Such armies are not only expen sive and unnecessary, but may become dangerous to liberty. besides making the necessary legislative provisions for the execution of the treaty, and the establishment of territorial govern ments in the ceded country, we have upon the testoralion of peace other important du ties to perform. Among these I regard none as more important than the adoption of proper measures for the speedily extin guishment of the national debt. Ii is against sound policy and the genius of our institu tions, that a public debt should be permit led to exist a single day longer than the means of the Treasury will enable the gov ernment lo pay it off. We should adhere to the wise policy laid down by President Washington, of "avoiding the accumulation of debt, not only by shunning occasions of expense, but by vigorous exertions in lime of peace to discharge the debts which un avoidable wars have occasioned, not ungen erously throwing upon posterity the burthen which we ourselves ought to bear." At the commencement of the present ad ministration, the public debt amounted to $17,788,799 62. In consequence of the war wilh Mexico it has necessarily been in creased, and now amounts to 805,778,450 41, including the Stock and Treasury notes which may yet be issued under the act of January 23. 1847, and the sixteen million loan recently negotiated under the act of March 31, 184S. In addition to the amount of the debt, the treaty stipulates that twelve millions of dol lars shall be paid to Mexico in four equal annual instalments of three millions each, the first of which will full due on the 30th day of May, 1849. The treaty also stipu lates that the United Slates shall "assume and pay" to our own citizens, "the claims already liquidated and decided against the .Mexican republic, and "all claims not heretofore decided against the Mexican government, "10 an amount not exceeding three and one quarter millions of dollars." I he "liquidated claims of citizens of the United States against Mexico, as decided by ihe joint board of Commissioners under the convention between Ihe United Stales and Mexico of the 11th of April, 1839, amounted to 92,020.139 68. This sum was payable in twenty equal annual instalments. 1 liree ol iliem have been paid lo the claim ants by (he Mexican Government, and two by the Uniied States, leaving to he paid of the principal of the "liquidated" amount assumed by ihe United Stales, the sum of 1,519,604 76, together with the interest thereon. These several amounts of liqui dated" and unliquidated claim assumed by the United States, it is believed may be pail as they fall due out of the accruing revenue, without ihe issue of stock or the creation of any additional public debt. I cannot to strongly recommend to Con gress ihe importance of husbanding all our national resources; of limiting the public expenditures to necessary objects; and ol applying all the surplus at any lime in ihe Treasury to the redemption of the debt. ) recommend that authority bo vested in the Executive, by law, to anticipate ihe period of reimbursement of such portion of the debt as may not be now redeemable, and to purchase it at par, or at the premium which it may command in the market, in all case tn which that authority has not already been granted. A premium ha been ob tained by the Government on much the larger portion of the loans, and if, when the. Government becomes a purchaser of its own stock, it shall command a premium in the market, it will be sound policy to pay it rather than to pay the semi-annual interest upon it. The interest upon the debt, if the outstanding Treasury notes shall be funded from the end of ihe last fiscal year until it shall fall due, and bo redeemable, will be very neorly equal 10 Ihe principal, which must itself be ultimately paid. Without changing or modifying the pres. ent tariff of duties, so great has been the increase of our commerce under its benign operation, that ihe revenue derived from lhat source and from the sales of the public lands, will, it is confidently believed, enable Ihe government to discharge annually tha several millions of the debt, and at the same time possess the means of meeiingnecessary appropriations for all other proper objects. Lnless Congress shall authorize largely in creased expenditures for objects not of absolute necessity, the whole public debt existing before the Mexican war, and that created during its continuance, may be paid off without any increase of taxation on the people long before it will fall due. Upon the restoration of peace we hould adopt a policy suited to a stale of peace. Indoing this the earliest practicable pay. ment of the public debt should be a cardinal principle of action. 1 rohting by the exnerienre of the nast. we should avoid the errors into which the country was betrayed shortly after the close of the war uiili timm R,!t;n ; mu tn a few years after that period a broad and l uitudious construction of the powers of the Federal Government unfortunately re ceived but too much countenance. Though the country was burdened with a heavy public debt, large, nnd in some instances un necessary and extravagant, expenditure were authorized by Congress. The con- sequence was, that the payment of the debt was postponed for more than twenty years, and even then it was only accomplished by the stern w ill and unbending policy of Pres ident Jackson, who made its payment a lead ing measure of his Administration He re sisted the attempts which were made to diveil the public money from the great ob ject, and apply it in wia eful and extravc- gnni expenditures tor other objects, some of it em of more than doubtful constitutional authoiity and expediency. If the government of the United States shall observe a proper economy in its cx pendituics, and be confined in its action to the conduct of our foreign relations, and to the f.w general objects of its care enumer ated into the constitution, leaving all mu nicipal and local legislation to the Slates, our greatness as a nation, in moral and and physical power, and in wealth and re sources, cannot be calculated. By pursuing this policy, oppressive meas ures, operating unequally and unjustly up on sections and classes, will be avoided, and the people, having no cause of com plain', will pursue their own interests, un der the blessings of equal laws and the protection of a just and paternal Govern ment. By abstaining from the exercise of nil powers not clearly conferred, the ce ment of our glorious Union, now number. ing thirty Slates, will be strengthened as' we grow in age and increase in population, and our future destiny will be without a parallel or example in the history of nn lions. JAMES K. POLK. Washington. July 0, 1S48. 1T1AICIC1AUU nK 1MU.1EY. I ULVLT KT16W i . 1 a marriage for money that did not end un-' hnnnilv Vnl mannninn mntlmra nnil Itaa-t. pa uaugincia uiq luililliuunv plac ing lira same unlucky game. I believe that men"; more frequently marry for love than wo men, because women think they will not have a belter chance, and dread being de pendent. Such marriages, no doubt, some times prove tolerable comfortable, but a great number would have been far happier single. If I may judge by my observa tions of such matters, marrying for a home makes lhat home a very tiresome one. Mrs. Child. ,l. . ... .: 11.. ..: . l THE PEOPLE'S PLATFORM. "I h ive no private purposes to accomplish, no party pin poses to build up, no enemies to punish nothing lo serve but my coun try." " The power given by the Constitution to the Executive, 10 interpose his veto, is a high conservative power, which should nev. cr be exercised except in case of clear vi olation of the Constitution, or manifest haste and want of consideration by Con gress." "The personal opinions of the individu al who may happen to occupy the Execu tive cnair, ougiu not to control the action of Congress upon questions of domestic policy, nor ought his objections to be inter posed where question of constitulional power have been settled by the various de partments of government, and acquiesced in by the people." " Upon the subjects of the tariff, the cur rency, the improvement of our great high ways, rivers, lakes and harbors, ihe will of the people, as expressed through their rep resentatives in Congress, ought to be res pected and carried out by the Executive. " War, at all times, and under all circum stances, is a national calamity, to be avoid ed, if compatible with national honor." 'The principle of our government, as well as its true policy, are opposed lo the subjugation of other nations, and ihe dis memberment of other countries by eon quest, for, in. the language of the great Washington. why should we quit our own to stand on foreign ground.'" Judge Van R. Humphrey, of Summitl counts' nd Col. Robinson, of Hsrrison, ire but two of the hunHieds of Loeofoco "bn'sht osrticulsr star" I of this Suie. who h.v left the "foul osrtv." sad I avowed their intention to iupdom Tsrlor nd Fillmore-. SciVe tOMo) Gatettt.