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Cherokee phoenix. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1828-1829, March 06, 1828, Image 3

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or murmur, was heard
w.iHo any one spo.-ve: no interruption
t# commend oo- condemn: theyounge,
iort were totally silent. Those de
; nominated kings, were sachems dis
tinguished liy their wisdom and good
t conduct. The v reS)-ect p; id them was
j voluntary, and not exacted or looked
for, nor the omission regarded. The
sachems directed in the , councils
and had the chief disposition of their
lands." » |H
i' in MMi r Jte-r . «if T*aK.T-*yn
yg-fvr- <r> « 1:
TifIJRSi)AY, JBAKIS
To Readers am« C. respondents.
"Socrates" is deferred on account of
the length of the report Oi the Committee in
the Legislature oi' Georgia, which we
could not very well divide. It shall appear
in our next.
The Communication of "A Friend" we
have inserted with some corrections. We
rather apprehend that the subject is net
properly understood by either "A Friend"
or "A Cherokee." We consider the Con
stitution to be in- force, yet it does not affect
the appointments previously made, until
'the election of 1858. The appointment of
Judge Martin <ts Treasurer ofthis Nation,
is not, in our opinion, unconstitutional.
Our readers will notice, that there are
more sections in the Cherokee part of the
constitution published today, than in the
•En"; ih. The «Hstaice' urged in the ori
inal co w, and • cirieftinr th' proof
"sheet, : t was accidental / ovcrki«>k«4, *nd
l>e;ore could examine the second proof
shf" t, the first si 'e of this NuirJber was
st»uc': off: For the same reason, a number
o(other typographical errors will be no
ticed.
We particularly reqj'sted our principal
Pinter to chaiig.; tha order in which the
English names of . .ennhers «f th° Conven
tion, and names or Districts stood annexed
to the Constitution, as w ■ thought it rather
uncouth foment in a ps son's nam", after
his place of residence. But he has thought
fit to print them as th" ' a-e.
The situation of Indians is peculiar in the
history of man; and th • lisadvantages in the
■way of their becoming an enlightened peo
ple, which they are :;ed to encounter,
are .i , nerons and formidable. Such has
b. *Ti ;he case iomt|»e -seovery of \m-ri
«' t 'he pre ,"-1 mom •<, t...i for tughl we
WST". 1 .., tVifi 111*-*."Co !ii «e so. Jfirif
ii) -s to Ii f'an impro- Went, would do well
to co.- ; :er th se~ i! vantage*. When
th a y are prop <-ly and candidly considered,
we cannot but b»li«re, instead of creating
astonishment why the In I'ausftare not been
eivHized before, \ !l at least suggest
th 2 enquiry whv tl.*y*fcsvc not degenerat
ed more. What iut j " nicloas effect must
such a document as the report of the joint
Comm'ttee in th l.?g : < ature < f Georgia,
have on theinteje tand :nj>rovementofthe
In an.t? Who w ih xprc-irom theChero-
t a es, a rapid pro£iv« in education, reli
gion, agriculture, and the var'ous arts of ci
■rilized life, when resolutions are passed in a
civilized and Christian. I to 'ature, (whose
daily sessions, we a-? i I, commenced
■with a prayer to AfmrgMy God) to wrest
th" ;r count-v f.-om thei l, and strange to tell,
w.ththe pQin of th" baybn'-. if nothing
«6->. « . H ' i '■»" tf things,
that the C Yankees build them good
and comf taole V -y and make them
great farms, when they If new not but that
their possessions will fall into the hands of
strangers & invaders? How is it possible
tha* they will establish for themselves good
laws, when an attempt is made to crush their
first feeble effort towa Is it? These are sa 1
facts, &. we beg our readers to bear with us,
when we express ourselves so freely & fre
quently on a subject which we consider
to be of vital importance to the Indian race.
"But amidst troubles, difficulties and evil
wishers, we can look a; ound us with much
satisfaction, and see who are truly our
friend-, not only in profession, but in deed.
A« a specimen of'' " fe. l:r.' of such friends
we take pleasure in pti'j.ishing an extract
•f a letter addressed to us oy an esteemed
•orrespondent.
"The fact that a nc; 'spaprr is to be put
in circulation among he Cholokees, in
riv? i? own langua.*-, o ' jr.l for their
benefit, and edited bv < ric o f their own Na
tion, is, in itself a Pratt: rh —pointing out
the condition to Which Cherokees may,
ere long, attain a c an ialightened people;—
a guarantee, undej providence, to their rise
and prosperity as a Trib a S.'iJe,'prepared
for the privileges of intr r n .nitv, in all
that constitutes politica i;'» and health,
and vigour, and enjovment, among the
Slates, composing the Great American Re
public."
Cherokee Constitution.—We areha])-
SV to see that the Ptfempts made in
.10 House of representatives of the
United States, to interfere with the
levvly organized government ot Uie
wneroKee nation, are lively to faii.
It would have been a deep reproach
iO this country, after all tlie injustice
the Indians have sutlered at our nands,
and ail the aspersions tiiat have Deen
cast on their native character ana ca
pacity, if we siionld refuse to permit
ihein to folioiV us in those paths 01 civ
ilL ltion and mo.al improvement,
<*. Nt Wru ough ou means have been
* six .<" .Kiwn irrorns tor their
I 'eeL. rtw j r n u^ l ects of the Chero-
I Icee* *r 3r taring in some respects.
They are cunsjdercd equaf to any of
the red men in their mental capicity;
they have made very considerable
progress in civilization, and one of their
members has recently made an inven
tion of a syllabic alphabet, which
seems to afford the only means by
which education can be speedily and
efficiently introduced among them;
an invention which is considered, un
der all the circumstances of the case,
comparable to that which the ancients
ascribed to Cadmus. They have
within a few months, by popular del
egates, formed a government under
the first liberal constitution ever adop
ted by a savage tribe. This will
form.an era in a new braneh of the
history of constitutions, and if
their plan succeeds, will furnish phi
lanthropists new grounds for congratu
lation, and legislators new subjects of
. reflection.—-V. Y. Daily Adv.
FO.R THE CHEROKEE PH(BNIX.
Mr. Boudinott-I see in yonr paper
of the 28th, a communication signed
•'ACherokee," on the subject of pub
lic offices, in which he says,'-In view
ing the public offices ofthe Cherokee
Nation now held by d.fl'e ent persens;
it will be found, on recurrence to the
signers of the late Constitution, that
there is no conformity to it in their
subsequent proceedings, compared
with their asserted principles."
That the late convention which
framed the constitution was composed
of twenty-one Members, and that sev
eral of those members were members
of the Convention, and others members
of. the Council, I readily admit.—
Those meirbers were recommended
bv the Legi. ' are to t'le several dis
tricts in whijii they respectively i si
dcu, u'.ivluV u Matin w itltii poSs' o ootll
houses of th» Gen. Council on the 1 > h
•of' Nov. 1826, and under which the
delegates fi rti the several districts
were duly eie ted as members *,l the
Convention to frame a Constitution for
the Government of the Cherokee Na
tion. This Constitution was submit
ted to the General Council for their
assent or rejection, and was unanimous
ly approved by that body. "A Cher
okee" complains of one person's hold
ing more than one office; referring
to the electing of the present Treasu
rer of the Nation. He appears to
think that the Council, in appointing
John Martin Treasurer for oue year,
acted unconstitutionally from the pro
vision made in the constitution,' which
expressly declares that no person shall
hold more than one office, under the
authority of the nation; stating that
the Treasurer now holds four different
offices. It would appear at first sight
of the Communication that a Chero
kee thinks that the present Treasurer
has abandoned principle for the sake of
gain. Among the provisions of the
Constitution, you will find in the 12th
section of the 6th article these words.
'•All laws in force in this nation, at the
passing of this Constitution, shall so
continu'e until altered or repeajed by
the legislature, except when they are
temporary, in which case they shall ex
pire at the times resectively limited
for their duration; if not continued by
an act- of the Legislature." I cannot
therefore Admit or argue that the con
stitution is in full and operative force,
neither will it be until after the rise
of the General Council in 1828, at
which time the several offices of the
nation will be appointed and commis
sioned agreeably to the provisions of
the Constitution. If the present
Treasurer's acceptance of his ap
pointment is an abandonment of the
principles of the Constitution, I am
confident that other officers of the
Nation are guilty of the same, as some
of them are holding responsible offices
tinder ttie United States Government.
But this I do not consider contrary
to the Constitution, as it is not yet in
full and operative force.
I will not however pretend to say
that the Constitution is without its
faults, this part of the subject I leave
for those who are more qualified than
myself- but the appointment of a Trea
surer was made by a joint vole of both
houses of the General Council; and i
«iiv3 same ajjpoiaiuit »..! v.*
conferred on a cniz ivin 6 m a re
mote part fioin the s. J_f Govern
ment, of theCheoi-.. ■. I aran, 1 say
la liim iiave it, ii' hd c • J»t u »,afficioiit
security, far the iaiiLat discharge oJ
his duty. -Ai»S .? s
\ Mil END.
IMPORTANT FROM GIBRALTAR.
A letter has been >.. <l in town
ijoin the House o< ttouert Anderson
and Co. dated 22d Dec., which states
that the GRAND SLIGNOR bad
DECLARED WAR against Russia,
I France, and England. From the re
spectability of this House, there can
be no doubt of the truth of the account.
We have been politely favored with the
above information by Messrs.G. W.
and H. Bruen. —Me 'chants' (Net«-
York) Telegraph, Feb. 6.
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We are informed of a murder be
ing committed ;n the neighbourhood
ol bumach. The name 01 the per
son killed is iliiiiiii x 1 alien, ana of
Uie muideier Leai s Paw. We have
not heard 01 the circumstances.
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Horses.—The following- remarks
upon hoiscs are copied lion, the pub
lication ot an emu.ont iamei 111 Eu
rope, and we think I htm worth the
peiusai oi iaimeis generally.
The pulse ot a hoise 111 health is
iiom 3b 10 40 beats in a minute, anu
maj be easily felt by placing the tin-,
gei gently upon the temporal arteiy
Vvhicins situated an inch and a kail
backwards.liom the cornea 01 the eye.
Hoises have not the faculty of puk
ing, or even belching wind out of their
stomachs, and therefore are peculiar
ly subject to wind tliolic.
When a horse has been overridden,
blood) spots may be seen in.tbe whites
ef h;S eyes.
A limber dock is a sure evidence of
a limbei back; tt-at is, a weak one-
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Wew-York.
ti«t'y, to-
Ahoisethal haniy ana gooi fo;
business, h; s a.&ioit L nacut u-hu J>
terminates forward ox' ".be hip boues.
A decoction oi vvkfv, oaifbatk i-:)]
kill bots by tanning ihfcm, and iteey will
become so shrivelled as scarcely dis
cernable w hen discharged.
The principal signs of a good horse
are these.
J> TcSSPP
.i *» Dhypi>»s
MAJ* (PJMTT.
The eyes set apart in the head, and
large and blight; the quirl high in the
forehead, one or two in the neck is a
good sign; the neck well set on high,
the shoulder blades pretty high, and
converging to a point; the breast full
and large, and so also behind; the body
round, for flat bodied, or slab sided
hoises, are weak natured; the dock
stiff; going wide behind, for if (he gam
brels knock together, it shows that
the hoise is feeble; chewing the bit,
when provoked, is a good sign.
It is a Spanish proverb that"a dapple
grey will sooner die than tire.,"
> jmcx, et.
hGT
IB KDt»A«9
;0-4T, AJ)Z
>*y
>At, DvtJk'
ON KILLING ANIMALS.
"That man lias a right to destroy
such animals as are noxious to him is
undoubted. That he has a right also
over the lives of such animals as are
useful to him for food and other neces
saries, is equally unquestioned. But
whether he has a right to destroy life
for his amusement, is another question.
If he is determined to act the tyrant,
(that is, to consider power p.s confer
ring right,) the point is decided.
Power he certainly has. But if he'
wish to act on authorized and equita
ble principles, let him just point out
the passage in his charter of rights
over the brute creation, which gives
him liberty of destroying life for his
amusement.- Gilpin. ,
In the year 1804, the number of
persons committed for trial in Eng
land and Wales .was four thousand,
three hundred and forty-six; in 1816 it
had iuereased to nine thousand, and
ninety-one; & in 1826, it amounted to
sixteen thousand, one hundred and forty
seven.
New specks of Brilliants.—At a ball
■n Calcutta, a lady, remarkable for the
splendour of her dresk and ornaments,
attracted the eyes of all the company
on entering the ball room. Rows of
brilliants, which threw around her a
light like that of the fabulous carbun
cles of the Arabian Nights, glittered
down her dress, and eclipsed all the
jewels in the room. When the other
MUIIDLR.
#'"
ladies, desirous of examlnig her
sumptuous 6inuments, drew near, and
begon to pry into the mystery, it a*
discovered that the ingenious fair fine
had imprisoned some hundreds of tire
flies in little bags ofmuslip, theienta#
dextUis of Petronius; and that prouc! icj
adorn so much beauty, they tiutte>eii
as she moved, & gave her the aj peai -
ance of being decked out with jewels
of living tire.
Matrimony.—One of (he Pbiladelt
phia editors has been at the trouble
and expense of embellishing the hyme
neal department of his paper with the
cut of a mouse-trap; and lest the reader
should be at a loss to "smell his de
vice, ' he has surmounted it with the
adage, that "marriage is like a mouse*
trap, easy to get in, but hard to es
cape." The trap is represented to
be full of prisoners, dissatisfied with
their lecus in quo; and, like Yorick's
starling, they are trying to " get out,"
but "can't."—wV.'Fi States,
A Good Law.—A law has been pass- *
ed in South Carolina, that from' and
after the first day of May next, tfie
books of account of tavern keepers,
shop-keepers or retailers of spirituous
liquors shall not be admitted, allow
ed, or received, as evidence in any
court-having-a right to- try the sains
of any <}<>bt contracted, or monies dut#
for spirituous liquors, sold in lesa.
quantify than a quart.—New York Ob.
No less than 105,517 hogs haves
passed the turnpike gate, Cumberland
river, Tenn. the past season,
The anti slavery Society of Wash
ington have addressed a memorial to
the citizens of the District of Colum
bia, praying Congress to take measures
for the total abolition of slavery in that
District.—lb.
A SCENE IN AFRICA
I stood on Cape Montserado—nighf
had spread over it her shadows—si
lence reigned, broken only by the
sound of the distant, dashing waters.
As the bright and beautiful constel
lations moved through the heavens
their illustrious' and unchanging cours
es, evidences of invisible glory—of an.
eternal and immutable God—what
aceiios of horror—of relentless cruel
: tv. gaid I, have ye witnessed, along
e r-*»ole border of this, a filiated, this
injured land. Here every day for
centuries, has the human body been
bound in chains, the ties of kind fellow
ship, of nature's strongest affections,
ruthlessly sundered, and hope, which
smiles in death, made to perish by
living agony. Here has manly cour
age been subdued by torturer-paren
tal love punished as <} crime, and fe
male tenderness rewarded- by
the keenest sufferings. If the pure
spirits which inhabit you, can look up
on human affairs, must they not sup
pose that knowledge and' civilization
harden the heart, and that sympathy
lives only in the breasts of barbarians.
Rejoice they must, that the fair pfrn
ets roll so far above the unholy ard
contagious influences of our world.—
What multitudes of human beings on
this shore, have been immolated on
the altars of avarice—how many have
wished to die, as they bid a final fare
well to their lovely homes, and saw
for the la-jt time their wives, children,
and friends! My God! who can de
scribe the miseries of those crowded
to death in the dungeons of a slave
ship? But shall everlasting night cover
this land, and the records of African
history forever contain nothing but
mourning, lamentation, and woe?-
Heaven forbid it. The Omnipotent
will not suffer it. A universe beauti
ful and' strand, arose at his word from
chaos; from the ruins of human virtue
and hope, l\is wisdom is displaying a
new moral creation, and the exile, suf
ferings, and degradation of the Afri
cans, may be succeeded by their re
tara, felicity and honor.-<--jfricar. Rc»
pository.
NOTICE.
ALL persons tire hereby forewarned a
gainst tracing for a Note of hand,
given by the Subscriber to Jamr»Cunning*
ham, of Ten. for the suiji of J4 with;*
credit of five dollars; dated the 19th day of
February 1828. Also a Due Bill of thirty
four dollars given by Alexander McCo- - in
favour of Michael \. Remley with a credit
of about two dollars and twenty five cents
made over to said James Cunningham by
me.
As tltf consideration for which the said
Note and Due Bill were given, has proved
to be unsound, I am determined not to pay
except by due couse of law.
EDWARD APAJR,
March 6, 1923,—5-tf,
-' *-

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